-RSB Norman v. Greer, No. 7:2011cv00315 - Document 35 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge James C. Turk on 6/12/2012. (tvt)
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ctEv sOFFI U.S.DIX cour CE S ATROANOKE,VA FI LED I TH E UN I N TED STA TES D I STR I CO UR T CT FO R TH E W EST ER N DISTR ICT O F V I GIN IA R R O AN O K E D I SI N VI O J 1 21 UN * 22 J UL BY; z E CLERK M CL K ENN ETH N O RM AN , C ASE N O .7: 11CV 00315 Pl ntif ai f , M E M O M N D U M O PINIO N VS. SGT.GREER, By: Jam e C.Tur s k Seni U ni ed Stat Di tri Judge or t es s ct D ef endant . Ke t No ma a Vigi a i a e pr e di pr K , f l d t s c vi rght a ton nne h r n, r ni nm t oc e ng o ie hi i l i s c i . pt s ntt 42U. C.j l ale ng t tt def ntprs ofi i and ot sa W al l ua o r S. 983, lgi ha he enda ion tcal her t lens Ri St t Pr s us d e s i f ce a i t hi , i vi a i of hi Ei h A m end e dge a e i on e xce sve or ga ns m n ol ton s ght m nt rg t.Thed fn a tha tldamoin f rs mmayj g n a sri t t l n fi dt ih s e e d n s ie to o u r ud me t se t ha No' al o ng ma e e xhaus a nitai r medi as r uie t r 42 U. C. j1 t dmi srtve e es eq rd mde S. 997e( . Nor n ha a) ma s rs e ponde maki t m at rrpe f diposton. Upo r vi oft r c d,t co tfnds d, ng he te i or s ii 1 n e ew he e or he ur i t tde e ha f ndants m oton m us be g a e ' i t r nt d. I Ther l va f c sa et e.Nor e e nt a t r hes man al ge t ton Oc obe 9,201 t de e nt Sg . le s ha t r 0, he f nda , t Gr r a ot W ale Ri sa fa s ule Nonna physc l andt tGr e o der d t ee , nd her lns dge t f s a t d n ialy ha e r r e he c r b00hofi rt s Nor n.l t i de , ontol t tce o hoot ma n he nci ntNonna s frdbr nrbsa ij re n ufee oke i nd n u is 1 N or hasfl dicover m otons, s ng t l n t i iy ofot ofk er i ved i man ied s y i eeki o ear he dentt her t s nvol n t i dentand as ng f pr he nci ki or oducton ofvi f age,medi r ds and ot i or i r e i deo oot cal ecor , her nf maton elvant t t mert ofhi cl m s. Def o he is s ai endantr ponde t N or es d o man' dicover r s s y equess alhough t e t, t hes r pons ar notpar oft r d.N or a t fl a moton t amend hi com pl ntt add es es e t he ecor m n hen ied i o s ai o def ndant a t s e enthi des i i oft de endant ac i on Oct 9,201 He ha alo e s nd o upplm s crpton he f s' tons ober 0. s s s ubmitd ext nsi medi r cor whih t cour hascons der Thecour t pl ntf sdicover te e ve cal e ds, c he t i ed. t ook ai if s y mo insu e a ie n , n ngisde so o d e da tsmotonf rs mmayj dg n u r to nd r dv sme t pe di t ciin n efn n ' i o u r u me t nde j l 7ea , e a di e a tonofa nitaierme is a d dr ce pli ift r p dt 99 ( ) r g r ng xh usi dmi sr tv e de , n ie t d antf o es on o def endant' m oton,whi he di Nor an f l t demons r e t tany outt ng di cover mater s i ch d. m ais o tat ha sandi s y ts pr event d hi f om r e m r espondi f l t t i uesr s i def ng uly o he ss aied n endantsm oton. See Fed.R.Ci P. ' i v. 5 d( . rf r ,d f n n ' mo in i rpef diposto 6( )2) The eo e e e da ts to s i or s iin. t hi he d,f ce a e Tha s m e da of er t a po t d N onnan t t M e c lCole of o s a a , nd ye. tn y, fc s r ns r e o he di a l ge Vi g ni hos t lf t e t e . On O c ober 1 201 N onna wast a por e t Pow ha a r i a pia or r a m nt t 0, 0, n r ns t d o tn Cor e tona Cen e ,a on Oc obe 22, 0,he w a ta f r e t Sus e ISt t Prs r c i l t r nd t r 201 s r ns e r d o s x a e i on. Ope a i Pr dur 866. s t outt a i s r tve pr dur i a esi Vi gi a r tng oce e 1 es he dm ni ta i oce e nm t n r ni De rme ofCore tons( pa t nt r ci VDOC)prs mus f l t r s vegre nc .( f M SJ, ions t olow o eol iva es De . Ra z eAfi , l ur A ( No.20:.I t a eore e t t sg ivanc pr dur vie fd.Encos e ECF nmaes r intd o hi re e oce e w hen t ar r ved i o t V D OC . U nderO P 866. an i at m us trs m ake a good f t hey e ecei nt he 1, nm e ti t aih ef o tt i or a l r ol hi gr e nce a f r o nf m ly es ve s i va bouta i i ntby s itng a i or a c pl nt n nc de ubm t i n nf m l om ai t t gr e nce de r m e a t a opr a e V D O C i tt i Pr s sa fs d r s o he i va pa t nt t he ppr i t ns iuton. i on t f houl e pond t o t i or a co pl ntw ihi 1 c e rdays s t tt i a e r e ve hi r pons i tm e he nf m l m ai t n 5 al nda o ha he nm t ec i s s es en i t pr e t t ne s e unde OP 866. flng ar gul r g i va e w ihi 30 da oft o oc ed o he xt t p r 1: ii e a r e nc t n ys he i de . l a i a e ha be n t a f r e he m us s i hi i or a c pl i a nci nt f n nm t s e r ns e r d, t ubm t s nf m l om a nt nd s eq n r gul rgr e nc t t i tt i w he e t i s orgi t d. Expia i ofa tm e ubs ue t e a i va e o he ns iuton r he s ue i na e r ton i lm i w ihoutt i s nce ofa r s i t t he s ua e pons a any sage oft g i vanc pr ed e a om a i a l e t t he r e e oc ur ut tc ly qualtest gre nc f a a t t ne l vel ii he i va e or ppe l o he xt e . W hen t g i va e de r m e r ce ve a r ul rgreva t tdoesnotc pl w ih he r e nc pa t nt e i s eg a i nce ha om y t t f lng r rem ent ofO P 866. s af r ur t grevance t t i at w ihi t days he ii equi s 1, t f et ns he i o he nm e t n wo f o r c pt notng t r as f t r t n on t l nt ke 's ton on t s c pag oft r m e ei , i he e on or he e ur he s a ' ec i i he e ond e he g i va f m . The g i vanc de r m e kee a c ofa 1gr e nc r t ne i t s r e nce or re e pa t nt ps opy 1 i va es e ur d n hi m a r l t of ende w i hest c le e t i a de s on on any greva e,he m us s nd nne . f he f r s o ha l ng he nt ke ci i i nc te t tgre nc t t applc bl r onalom buds a f a de e m i ton. OP 866. doe no ha i va e o he i a e egi m n or t r na i 1 s t pr de f any f t revi oft i ake deci i ovi or urher ew he nt s on. 2 Def endant of erevi s f dence concer ng N or an' us oft gr evance procedur ni m s e he i e r a di hi e esi f c cam.( vi eAfi ( No. ) OnNove r29,201 eg r ng s xc sve ore li Ra ze fd.ECF 20). mbe 0, W a l ns Ri r e ve N or an' i or alc pl i ,da ed N ovem be 1 201 a s ri t t le dge ec i d m s nf m om a nt t r 2, 0, s e tng ha he ha be n a s uled by s af a W a l ns Ri t a por e t t hos t lf t e t en of d e sa t t f t le dge, r ns t d o he pia or r a m t ij re , n t e ta ser dt ap io me ia u i.( vz eAfi Enco u eB) S af nu is a d h n rn fre o rs n dc l nt Ra ie fd. l s r . tf rs e ponde i w rtng: éàr w e e i ve i a a t r ton w ih a he of e ra t ryou d n ii s ou r nvol d n n le ca i t not r f nde f e as a t d t ot rof e rw ih a a pt . N o e denc w a f s ule he he f nde t n da or vi e s ound t s o uppor yourc ai of t lm asa tb saf' (d.OnDe mbe 1 201 safmaiedNor n' i oma c ant s ul y tf.' I ) ce r 3, 0, tf l ma s nf r l ompli r pons t M CV , le ng t tN or a w ashous d t r . The m a lng w a r t d t es eo be i vi ha m n e he e ii s e unw o W a l nsR i asundelve a e a M CV .Le r ng t tN or an ha bee t a f r e t Sus e l le dge i r bl t a ni ha m d n r ns e r d o s x St e Pr s s af m aied t i onualcom pl ntres at i on, t f l he nf ai pons t hi atSussex 1 eo m . O n J nua y 25,2011 t W alensRi g i va de t e r c ve a r gul r a r , he l dge r e nce parm nt e ei d e a g i va f om N or a r e nce r m n.D a e J nua y 1 201 N or a sr a g i va e c pl i d a ut t d a r 9, 0, m n' egul r r e nc om a ne bo t alege a s ul by s a fon Oc obe 9, 0, tW a l nsRi e a s a ed N or a sbe i t t he l d s a t t f t r 201 a le dg nd t t m n' lef ha hi lf woul be i da r i a horte ta f r ed hi bac t W a l nsRi . St f r t ne s ie d n nge f ut ii s r ns e r m k o le dge a f e ur d t g i va be us N onna f l d i a t rt 30- y flng pe i e r d,a m a ke t s he r e nce ca e n ie t f e he da ii rod xpi e nd r d hi r s f t r t n on t s ond page oft g i va . St f al o not on t f nn t t ea on or he e ur he ec he r e nce a f s ed he o ha N or a c d notf l a greva a m n oul ie i nce bouta t a f rbac t W a l ns Ri e be or s h a ta f r r ns e k o le dg f e uc r ns e occur ed. r 11 ThePrs Lii ton ReonnAc (ç ion tgai f t$ PLRA' prvi , mongot t ngs t ta ' o des a ) her hi ,ha pr s r c nnotbr ng a ci lac i c ione a i vi ton once ni prs c tons untlhe ha fr te us e r ng i on ondii i s is xha t d a ia ea nitai rmedi .Nus l v. tr 534U. 51 524( valbl dmi srtve e es se Pore , S. 6, 2002) Thi e usi . s xha ton 3 r uie e a i t ( l i a e s t , he he t y i ve ge r lc r um s a esorpa tc a eq r m nt pples o t l nm t uis w t r he nvol a ne a i c t nc r i ul r e s s ... he he t y ale exc s ve f ce ors e ot rw r ' a whe he ornott pi ode , w t r he l ge es i or om he ong,' nd t r he f r ofr le t i a e s e i a ia e tlough e us i ofa i sr tve r m edi s. I om e i f he nm t e ks s va l bl l r xha ton dm ni ta i e e d. Toc ywih j1 () a i t mus f l e hse oft esa ihe ad nitai ompl t 997ea , n nmae t olow ac tp he tbls d mi srtve pr e e t tt sat pr dest pr s r a m ee a 1dea i s wihi t tpr e e bef e oc dur ha he t e ovi o i one s nd t1 dlne t n ha oc dur or flnghi j 1 a ton.SeeW oodfr v. o, U. 81, 9 ( ii s 983 ci o d Nc 548 S. 90- 4 2006) . D e e nta guest tN o n hasnote us e hi ava l bl a i sr tve r m edi s f nda r ha nua xha t d s ia e dm ni t a i e e. N or a s c a m t tof i r us d e e s ve f c a i thi on O c obe 9, m n' l i ha fce s e xc s i or e ga ns m t r 2010,i a g i va e s r e bl i s unde V D O C pr ed e . N o m a had 30 daysf om t i i s ue r oc ur s r n r he nc denti whi h f l bot a n c ie h n i or a c pl i a t n a r gul rgre nf m l om a nt nd he e a i vanc N onna di nots gn a da e hi i or a e. n d i nd t s nf m l com pl ntuntlN ove be 1 201 - m or t n 30 da a trt i i nt H e s g d a da e ai i m r 2, 0 e ha ys fe he nc de . i ne nd t d hi r g a gr e nce on J s e ul r i va anua y 1 2011, e ksa t rt flng pe i e r 9, w e f e he ii rod nded. The ef e, r or N o m a di notpr pe l e us hi a l bl a i s r tve r edi s asr uie unde r n d o ry xha t s vaia e dm ni ta i em e eq r d r j1 () 997ea . N o m a a g s t the w asuna e t pur ue tm el a i sr tve r m e e , hi r n r ue ha bl o s i y dm ni t a i e di s but s a g e sa e una ii N o m a f r tpoi st t f c t tprs of i i s m a l d t r um nt r va lng. r n i s nt o he a t ha i on f c al ie he rs e pons t t i o m a c pl i t t w r a es . Thi e r w asha e sbe us t e o he nf r l om a nt o he ong ddr s s r or nnl s ca e he i or a c pl i w as untm e y,a di noti pa tN onua sa lt t fl a tm el r gul r nf m l om a nt i l nd d m c n' biiy o ie i y e a g i va . A ta 1tm es e e f t da whe Nonua r ce ved tea m e a M CV , or a r e nce 1 i , xc pt or he y n n e i r t nt t N m n wasc i d i VDOC prs f ciii s wih a ce st g i va ef m sand pe s onfne n ion a lte , t c s o re nc or r onnela c d nd oul ha f l d hi r gul rw ihi t alote tm e. ve ie s e a t n he l t d i Nor nas ase t t thi ij i fom t i i consiutdacr umsa ebe ma lo srs ha s n ures r he ncdent tt e ic tnc yond hi c r t tpr ve e hi fom flngatmeygre nce.( . p.ECFNo.3 Nonna s ontol ha e ntd m r ii i l iva PlRes , 4) n 4 aleg t thi e s ghti lm ie s t the r i on he p f o ot r i a est fl hi c r l es ha s ye i s i t d o ha eles l r m he nm t o ie s ou t pla ngs Heas cl mst thi ij isafce hi me al a e i ly,whih e di . lo ai ha s nure fe td m ntly nd motonal c ha pe ed hi abiiy t fl a tm e y gr e nce. m r s lt o ie i l i va N or an c d ha r i e s h a gum e sw ihi t pr s n gre nc pr e e by m oul ve a s d uc r nt t n he i o i va e oc dur a p aigt itk d cso rj cigh sJ n ay2 1g iva c a u tmey Afe t s p e l he n a e e iin ee tn i a u r 01 re n e s ni l. tr hi n rj ci n No ma h d5d y t mal na pe l oter go a drco ,n whihNo ma c ul ee to , r n a a s o i a p a t h e in l ie t r i c r n o d h v a sre h sc re tag me t t th sij re p e e tdhm fo fln hi g iv n e a e se td i u rn r u n s ha i n u is rv n e i r m ii g s re a c w ihi t tm e lm is N or a f l t dem ons r t t the pur ue t tava l bl a t n he i i t . m n ais o t a e ha s d ha ia e ppea l r me e dy. M o e v r No n' o s b sin i r s o s t t mo inf rs mmayj d me t ro e , nna s wn u miso s n e p n e o he to o u r u g n ds r v hsa s rint a h sij re p e e tdh m fo tl tmey a mi itaierme is ip o e i s eto h t i nu is r v ne i r m ii i l d nsrtv e de . ng W ih hi r s t s e pons , or a s isa i or a c pl i he fl d a Sus e 1on Oc obe 31 e N m n ubm t n nf m l om a nt ie t s x t r , 201 wihi t 30- tlngpe i a trt Ocobe 9,201 ( No. 2, 1- Thi 0, t n he day ii rod fe he t r 0. ECF 34- p. 2) s i or a c pl nts a ed t tN o m a ha be n as a t d a W a l nsR i and t the di not nf m l om ai t t ha r n d e s ule t le dge ha d w a t be ta f r e bac t W ale Ri . St f r t ned t i onna c pl i t N o m a nt o r ns e r d k o l ns dge a f e ur he nf l om a nt o r n on N ove be 3,201 i or i hi t thi r ue tt a d t a f w as a r ques f s r c s m r 0, nf m ng m ha s eq s o voi r ns er e t or e vi e t the s d pur ue by t l ng t hi co el . N or a t n fl a r a g i va on ha houl s a ki o s uns or m n he ied egul r r e nce N o m be 4,201 w ihi t 30- flng pe i s a i t the ha be a s ule by s a fa ve r 0, t n he day ii rod, t tng ha d en s a t d tf t W alnsRi a di no wa t goba t r ECFNo. 1 pp.3- Stf rt ne t le dge nd d t nt o ck hee.( 34- , 4) af eur d he gre i vanc t N or a on N ovem be 9, 0, ndi a i t ti wasa r que tf s r ce . eo m n r 201 i c tng ha t e s or e vi s 2 2 Def dant moton doesnotdi c Nonuan' Oc ober3l 201 i onnalcompl ntorhi en s' i s uss s t 0 nf ai s , November4 r argrevance,whi hefl atSus e ls ng t avoi tans e t W alensRi egul i ch ied s x eeki o d r fr o l dge. W hiet e adm i sr tve r l hes nita i emedi wer tm el fl t wer notfl atW ale Ri wher t es e i y ied, hey e ied lns dge, e he a s uto c re ,a rquie u e OP 8 1 a d s c ul n tstsy j l 97ea .l a y e n ,b c us s a l c u r d s e rd nd r 66., n o o d o aif 9 ( ) n n ve t e a e Nonna di notappealhi N ovember4,201 gre nceorchalenget i akedecii he di not n d s 0 iva l he nt son, d exhaus t sgreva t hi i nce. 5 N or a s tlng oftm e y a i sr tve r m e esa Sus e 1 on O c obe 31 a N ove be 4, m n' i i i l dm ni t a i e di t s x , t r nd m r 2 0,ltyc nr dcshi a s rint a hi p y ia ij re p e n e h m fo u iii t e 01 fal o ta it s se to h t s h sc l nu is rve td i r m tlzng h greva pr e ei atmel ma ra rquiedunde j1 ( )beor Elngt slws t i nce oc dur n i y nne s e r r 997e a f e i hi a ui. 1I l Fort s a ed r as ,t c tfnds no m a era f c i di put and c ude t t he t t e ons he our i t il a t n s e oncl s ha N or a f ie t pr pe l e us a ia e a i s r tve r m e e a t m n a l d o o ry xha t va l bl dm nit a i e di s lhough he w asc bl of apa e doi s Theeor ,t c tgrnt t dee ntsmotonf s ng o. rf e he our a s he fnda ' i or ummar j me unde y udg nt r j1 () Nonnan' pe ngmotonsfrdicoveya moi t a ndr ae t hi 997ea . s ndi i o s r nd ton o me eltd o s e s i f c c a m s i t sa i n m us be di m i s d asm oo . A n a opr a e or rw ili s xce s ve or e l i n hi cto t s se t ppr i t de l s ue t sda hi y. The Cl r i die t d t s nd co e oft sm e or ndum o ni a ac om pa ng ek s rce o e pi s hi m a pi on nd c nyi or rt pl i if de o a ntf . ENTER:Thi 1 s h' day ofJ ,201 une 2. N , t , ..v r , g . < .o . Se orU nie St t s D it i J ni t d a e s r c udge 6