Blount v. Tate et al, No. 7:2011cv00091 - Document 95 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 09/21/2012. (kab)
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C'ERK OFFI U. :1 f* UW L Y CE S. %' . ; . AT ROANQKE, ' VA ''* ' .) %z rl Fo z! E . *, qF- 2 1 2 1 #, 3 22 I THE UN I N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OAN O KE D I I ON V SI .w , ,. -.r t ' , ' uw. ,' 1z w ( . * ' D ON ELL J. BLOUN T,SR. , Ci lAci n No. 11 vi to 7: CV00091 Pl i if a ntf , M EM O M N DU M O PI I N N O LT.D ELM ER TA TE,#1gk, . By: on. l n E.Conr d H Ge a Chi fUnie St t Diti tJ e td aes src udge D e e nt . f nda s Done lJ. ount Sr,aVigi ai t pr e ngpr â fld t scvi rg sa to l Bl , . r ni nma e oce di o t, e hi i l i ht ci n purua t 42U. C.j 1 a s ri vi ai ofhi rght unde t Fis a Ei h s nt o S. 983, s etng oltons s i s r he rt nd ght Am e ndmen st t Unied St t Consiuton a t Relgi La Us a I tt i i d t o he t aes tt i nd he i ous nd e nd nsiutonalze Pe s Ac . 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Re o t c mme d to t ) Ba e on t c tsi talr viw oft pa tes a pl e sa t e si e de e, s d he our' nii e e he ri ' r m nt nd he xitng vi nc tec u t o n i a p o raet rfrt ecamst tema itaej dg f rf rh rp o e dn s h o r f u d t p r p it o ee h li o h gsrt u e o u te r c e ig . Th c u t o e t a tema itaej d ema d tnnn t a l tde p nso o t erc r wa e o r n td h t h g srt u g y ee ie h t i e x a in f h e o d s mi a oprae,gi n t tt pa tesha dicus e vi o f t e oft i i t a is butnone ppr i t ve ha he ri d s s d de oo ag he ncden s t s ue, oft vi f t geha bee pr de t t c t he deo oo a d n ovi d o he our. 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' t a nd. l. n he prs c e ,t a ion ontxt he mendme ç ot t i t fom i l nete t nta co to whie nt ç ec s nma es r nhtma r a me nd ndii ns l pr i ioned.'W iln v. nimi 77F. 756,761( h Ci.1 .Todee mi whehe a mprs ' lims Be a n, 3d 4t r 996) tr ne t r p io o t a h sv oae t Eih hAme d n , o rsmus a ayz b t s b e tv a rs n f l a i ltd he g t ki n me t c u t t n l e o h u j cie nd obeci c j tve ompo ns.1 ne t d.Spe i aly,hi a l i r uie tnq r a t whehe t prs n clc l t s nayss eq r s t uiy s o t r he io i 3 o t a a tdwihas fiin l c p b esaeo mid(u j ci c mp ne t a dwh t e te f l ce t u fce ty ula l tt f n s be t o o n) n eh r h ki ve d p i to o ij r i lce o t imaewa s f e t sro s(b e tv c mp n n l' I e rvain r nu y ntitd n he n t s u t nl e iu o j cie o o e t. d. ki y ' The s cii s pe fc howi ne es a yt e t bls e c compone ç re a cor ng t t natr of ng c s r o sa ih a h nt s i s c di o he tle va t alge consiutonalvi ai ' Huds v. c ila 5 U. 1 5( 992) he le d tt i olton.' on M M lin, 03 S. , 1 . 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Re r & c mme d to t 8) e h Ha ng r vi we t e denc s vi e e d he vi e ubmitd by t pa te ,t a ia evi f t ge,a te he ris he va lbl deo oo a nd t eo j cin s b te b t panif t ec u t d p s h ma itaej d esr c mme ain h b e to s u mi d y he litf,h o r a o t t e g sr t u g ' e o nd to t wih r pe tt de e nt La ge, t es c o f nda s r Lync a W hie t t e def nda swho r ponde t h, nd t , he hr e e nt es d o Bl ' s n m o mentt r Lyala pa tcpae i s urng Bl ounts udde ve owa d l nd rii t d n ec i ounti a n mbul t y aor r tai s Thes de e nt ha ngwine s Bl ' s esr nt . e f nda s, vi t s ed ounts udde move e t r Lyal, n m nt owa d l r as bl pe c i at ea ofvi e ewhih r uie t us off c and ma t s ie ona y r eved hr t olnc c eq r d he e or e, de he plt s c dec son t t keBl t t foort r gai c r oft st ton. Ahe ba a ng t e ond ii o a ount o he l o e n ontol he iua i r l nci he W hi e fco s t ec u t g e swihtema itaej d et a, a e o t rc r , t y a t r,h o r a r e t h g sr t u g h t b s d n he e o d no l r s na ef c snde c d co l t tLa ge, ea o bl a t r oul ncude ha r Lync a W hieus d f r E ai i l and h, nd t e o ce ç lcousy m s si ly f t ve ypur e ofc usng ha m , r t t n aspa tofatgood f ih e f t o aditcal or he r pos a i r ' aher ha ' r û at for t m ant i orr sor dici i ' W hily,475 U. 320i an e t e s plne. ' te S. 21. 1Thos def ndant ar Davi,Boyd, La ge,Lync and W hie. See Repor & Recom mendaton at28 n. e e s e s r h, t t i 13. . 2Thema itaej ger c gnz dt tBlun ' ij re ween ts mii la t s ppo tafndngt a gsrt ud e o ie ha o ts n u is r o o nma s o u r i i h t def endant us d onl ti alf ce agai Bl ,asneces ar t supporta fndi i t def s e y rvi or nst ount s yo i ng n he endant s' fv und rt ojci c mpo n oft a l i.Astema srt udg n tdi hi rpottth a or e he betve o ne t he nayss h gitaej e oe n s e r,dje l un s td e de ei c tst tBlun s ti dij isfo t si ie t i ldig s le fng r, dipue vi nc ndiae ha o t usane nure r m hi ncd n ,ncu n wo ln i e s a he at i hi l teye,s t i abr onsnearhi e and on hi hand a neck,a a knoton hi m oma n s ef uperk al asi s ye s nd nd s f tt taf ce hi a l yt wak f ada or- 0. ( po t Re omme to a 23. oo ha fe td s bii o l or y t ' Re r & c 5 ndain t ) Ont eohe h n ,hec u tsu a l t a o t h ma itaej d e sr c mme d to h t r a d t o r i n be o d p t e gsrt u g ' e o n ain wih r pec t Da sa Boyd,t t de e nt whos c t es t o vi nd he wo f nda s e onduc a l edl br t leg y oughta tt bou he i ie ta is e Astema itaej d er c g ie i h srp r,ta t a c n lcse s a t ncd n t su . h g srt u g e o nz d n i e o tt cu l o fit xit s o f whehe g vi a Boydlpus Bl twadsLyalorhei e i l mo di t t t r Da s nd hed ount o r l ntntonaly ve n ha die ton. ( rci ' Repor & Re omme tona 27. Unf t t y,arviw oft a ia evi ' t c ndai t ) orunael e e he valbl deo f a t prm a y pur ef whih t co t e e r d t r m ani cai s f l t co im oot ge, he i r pos or c he ur r f re he e i ng l m , ais o nfr et e sd ' v rin o t ei ie t Ast ema itaej d en tdi h srpo qter pde e ih r ie s e so f h ncd n . h gsrt u g o e n i e r h a i y f ages w st tBl untslf a m,a t ofi rhol ngt ta m,moved s nl t wa d oot ho ha o ' et r nd he fce di ha r udde y o r Lyal.Howe ,Ghevi o doe nots w t e c momen whe t m ove e tsa td. l ver S t de s ho he xa t t n he m n tre ' ' ( por & Rec Re t omme tona 1 ) Li wie t f a fom aha l vi oca afist ndai t 4. ke s ,he ootge r ndhed de mer al o verf t c us ofBl ' s iy he a e ounts udde move e ,snc t ofi e sa ng behi Bl n m nt i e he fc r t ndi nd ount m om e a iy bl ked t c m e a' vi w ast m ove e t w a d Lya lbe n. nt r l oc he a r s e he m nt o r l ga W hl tema itaej d eutmaeyf l t i fcu l s u et b i tra t t ie h g sr t u g li tl omd hs a t a dip t o e mmaeilo he Ei h Am e ght ndme a yss t c ti una et ag ee Consr d i t lghtm os f vor bl nt nal i, he our s bl o r . tue n he i ta a e t Bl ,t e de epe misa fndi t tDa sa Boyd i e i ly be hi fnge sa o ount he vi nc r t i ng ha vi nd nt ntona l nt s i r nd s ve hi t r Lyal i or rt sm ult a es i be vi , t t wihoutt s ho d m owa d l n de o i a e ggr sve ha or and ha , t he e itn in l cs Blu two dn t a b e s be tt t a t o f rea a c mp n i n e to a a t, o n ul o h ve e n u j c o he cs f o c nd c o a yng ij re whc s bsq e tyo c re W hi çanimaewh c mpan o a( r )çus o n u is ih u e u n l c u rd. l ç j n t o o li s f mee p h r eg s hove't tca e nodic r bl ij yamos c ranl fist saeavai e si f c ha us s s eni e n ur l t e ti y al o tt ld xce sve ore cl i p' iki 1 S. .a 1178, he s m e ca a m ' W l ns 30 Ct t t a nnotbe s i ofa w a on phys ca ac t t ad nt i l t ha u t tl r s lsi b dl ij r li ey e ut n o iy nu y.Asu n t etuho Blu tss r sae n s a tec u t ma s mig h rt f o n ' wo n ttme t, s h o r m us do a t ssag oft pr e di ,ar as bl f c fnde coul c l t tDa sa t t hi t e he oc e ngs e ona e a t i r d oncude ha vi nd B oyd a t d w ih m a i i usa s ditc i e ,a t tt ra tons we e notpa tofa g ce t lc o nd a s i nt nt nd ha hei c i r r ood f t aih 8 efor t m ant i di cplne.W hil v,475 U. a 320- .Acc di y, hedef nt 'm o i f t o i an s i i te S. t 21 or ngl t enda s ton f rs mmayj d me twil ed ne wihrs e tt Blu tscam o e c si ef rca ans o u r u g n lb e id t e p c o o n ' li f x e sv o c g i t Da s a Boyd.3 vi nd l. l C ount6:U s ofForc on June 8.201 e e 0 On J 6,201 Bl une 0, ountwaspl c i a a ed n mbult y r tant a trsoppi up hi t lt aor esr i s fe t ng s oie and foodi hi cel a s e nty s ayi a ofi rwih wha a ar d t be f c .Two l ng s l, nd ubs que l pr ng n fce t t ppe e o e es da l t ,Ca ai M uli o de e defnda sDa s Pa ,a W rghtt dr s i pr t tve ys aer pt n lns r r d e nt vi, yne nd i o e s n o eci ge rt r l s Bl a o eea e ountfom a bult y r sr i s Bl mts e nty r f e t coo r t wih r m a or e tant . ot ubs que l e us d o pe a e t t de- ufi pr dur ,sa i t thewasa r d t tDa sa W rg woul as a thi . he c fng oce es t tng ha fai ha vi nd i ht d s ul m M uli none he e si it d t tBl lns t l s nsse ha ountber l s d fom r tai sa or r d Da sa eea e r esr nt nd de e vi nd W rg t brng Bl iht o i ounto ofhi c l ut s el. Unde t ea off ce Bl unte t d hi c la s ti awhe c r Het n t e t ne r hr t or , o xie s el nd a n elhai. he hr a e d t t ta ks me ne'fh wa rla e fo r sr it.( mp . t6) Un eerdb t o t tc o o 'i e s ee s d r m e tan s Co l a . d tre y he a pl ntf stle t , heofi e swhe l Bl outoft pod i o t vesi ea pl e hi ai if lr a s t fc r eed ount he nt he tbul nd ac d m on hi knee .A st of e sa tm pt t r movet a bult y r sr n s Bl mtbal d hi s s he fc r te ed o e he m a or e tait , ot le s handsi t f s s Cons que l D a sa t m p e t pl c hi fnge s be w ee Bl ' cl e n o it . e nty, vi te t d o a e s i r t n ount s os d fnge s D a ss eq nty yel d t tBl wasbe nghi fnge s a W rghtye l t t r . vi ubs ue l le ha ount ndi s i r , nd i led ha Bl hadti t biehi . ount red o t m Atti p it a t ma itaej d en tdi h srp r,h p ris a c t sdv r e h s o n, s he gsrt u g o e n i e o tt e a t ' c omt ieg . e Bl ountc e t the wasne rr itntora s uli ,a t the di notbiea ne He ontnds ha ve essa s a tve nd ha d t nyo . camst tDa sçdl ...tngesi o( s prsur poit of( s ne kass onebe ( s li ha vi f ugl i r nt hij e s e ns hil c ome nt hil 3Blu di no s e iial o j c t t ma itaej ge' r c mme e dipo iin o t ep ri of o nt d t p cfc l b e t o he gsr t ud s e o nd d s sto f h o t y on Count5,whih as ered t tdef ndant Tat and M igr f l t pr ec Bl .Thus,t c twil c s t ha e s e l um aied o ot t ount he our l a pt h ma sr t j e' c cl i swi r s c t t epo ton ofCo nt5a d g a ts do t e gitae udg s on uson t e pe t o hos ri s h u n r n ummay r j dg nti fv ofTaea Migum. u me n a or t nd lr fn e sb c u tlge f llk t ywe eb o e ' Blu tAfi !3 ) Bl u talg st t e i g r a k n i h ) et ie he r r k n. o n fd. D. o n le e ha h '( çet ie(e wa c kig (n )t eewa e te p i i (ijn c ' (d. t llk h ) s ho n a d h r s x rme an n h s e k. I ) f ' Fort i pa tt ofi e ssa et tBl tid t bieDa s sha asDa sa t ed her r, he fc r t t ha ount re o t vi ' nd vi tempt t r movet l k fom t a o e he oc r he mbult r r sr i s a t tt ofi r t n t Bl mtt t a o y e tant , nd ha he fce s he ook ot o he f oo t r ai c r ofhi . D a sr por st the us d S e s e poi t ' t r i c r of l r o eg n ont ol m vi e t ha e ç s ur pr n s ' o ega n ontol Bl ' he d untlBl ounts a i ountcomple wih t ofk e s dieci s Oncet ofk e sr i id t he t r ' r tve . he t r eganed c r ofBl t t y r t ne hi t hi c l whe ehe r mai d i a ontol oun ,he e ur d m o s el, r e ne n mbul t yr tant f aor esr i s or a he 24- urpe i W he ofi e sr l a e Bl untfom r sr i son J 9,201 t ntr e not r ho rod. n fc r e e s d o r e tant une 0, he ls obs r d a s ri i ls r peon hi rg wrs a a id aba ad, no e noot r e ve upe fc a c a s i ht it nd pple nd- i but t d he ij re o c mpan s X-a so Bl u tsrg t a da dwrs,a na trh c mplie o n u is r o lit. r y f o n ' ih h n n it tke fe e o an d f ij r , r n r l nu y wee o ma. Afe c n iei t ef co ss t o t i W hte , h ma itaej d ed tr n dt a tr o sd rng h a tr e f rh n ilv t e gsrt u g eemie h t Bl tf ie t pr s nts fcinte denc fom whi ar as bl f tfnde co d c l , oun a ld o e e ufi e vi e r ch e ona e ac i r ul oncude u d r h s be t iq r o t eEihhAme d n a ayss ta t o fc r wa t ny n e t e u j ci n uiy f h g t ve n me t n l i,h t he fies n o l appledf c t Bl f t ve ypur eofc usngham.Ha ngrviwe t r c dX i ore o ount or he r pos a i r vi e e d he e or no ,h c u t g e swiht ma itaej d ea a o t hi rc mme d dds sto o t i vo t e o r a r e t he gsrt u g nd d p s s e o n e ipo i n f hs i C ai . lm Ast ma itaej d en tdi hsr p r, o n a mitdytr ae dt h r he gsrt u g oe n i e o tBlu t d te l h e tne o am s one i r l a e fom r sr i sa t r f e t c ome f e e s d r e ta nt nd hen e us d o oope ae wih t nor pr e sf r r t t he mal oc s o r m o ng t .Att sa t t pr s ,Bl e vi hem he t r of he oce s ountc et ba lup hi ha t fusr t t hos o l s nds o r tae he o fc r'ef rst r mo et eh ndr srit.T c u t g e swi t ema itaej g ta fies fo t o e v h a etan s he o r a re t h g srt ud e h t h t sa tonc l f i ensfedphysca me mest rmo t rsri s a t tSll hi ci aled or nt ii i l as o e ve he etant, nd ha çthe m e s e f cet ofi er exe cied t a es Bl ' non- omplanc - t ki Bl tt t a m d or he fc s r s o ddr s ounts c i e a ng oun o he foora a yi physc hol t m ant i c r a r l nd ppl ng ial ds o i an ontol nd emovet r sr nt - r aed die ty he e tai s elt r c l t tene df rf r et tBlt ' a to sc e td. ( p r & Re o nd to a 3 ) o h e o o c ha o mts ci n rae ' Re o t c mme ai n t 0. ' M o e v r t ij re o whc Bl t c mplie t me ia safdd n trq iee tn ie ro e,he nu is f ih omt o an d o dc l tf i o e u r x e sv team e and wer noti onsse wih t t and a r t nt e nc itnt t he ype mountoff r er uie t r movet o c eq r d o e he r t a nt w iho Bl ' coo r ton. esr i s t ut ount s pe a i I s ,a yi al oft f t ss tf t i W hilv,t c rta e wih t n um ppl ng l he acor e orh n te he ou gr es t he ma itaej d esd tr n to t a n r a o a l fc fn e c ul c n ld t t rg t gsrt u g ' eemi ai n h t o e s n be a t i d r o d o cu e ha W ih , D a s orPay a i d f r t a i i usy a s s i ly' i or rt ha m B l mt W hil y, vi , ne pple o ce t lc o l nd aditca l ' n de o r m ot . te 475 U. a 320- . l t ad,çhe e de es S. t 21 nse ç vi nc upporsar as bl i er ncet tt ofi er t t e ona e nf e ha he fc s a id t f c t y bele d wa nec s r t r t r or r gi Bl ' uncoo r tve pple he or e he ive s es a y o eso e de , ven ounts pe a i be vi . ( por & Rec ha or' Re t ' omme tona 31) Ac r ngl t c t lado t ma sr e ndai t . co di y,he our wil pt he gitat j dg ' rc mme e d s osto a d ga ts mma yj dg n i fv ro W rg tDa i, nd u es e o nd d ip iin n rn u r u me t n a o f ih , v s a Pa ,w ih r s tt t sc1 i . yne t e pec o hi a m 4 Concl on usi Fo ter a o ssae ,h ma itaej dg ' rpo t n r c mme d to i a o tdi r h e s n ttd t e g srt u e s e r a d e o n ain s d p e n p r a drjce i pa ta dted fn a t' to f rsl r j d me t lb ga tdi a t n ee td n r, n h ee d n s moin o l mmay u g n wil e rn e n pa ta de e i pa t r nd nid n r.Theca ewilpr e d t ti on t pli ifsc am ofe es i f r s l oc e o ral he antf l i xc sve o ce a i tDa sa Boyd,whih i ba ed ont i i ntt toc ured o Dec m be 1 2009. gans vi nd c s s he ncde ha c r n e r 2, 4Bl n di no s cfc l o j c t t ema srt j gesr c mme e dipo iinoft ep ri of ou t d t pe iial b e t o h gitae ud ' e o nd d s sto h o t y on Count6,whi ass td t de endant M uli Adam s and M ccoy f ld t pr ec hi .Accor ngl ch ere hat f s lns, , aie o ot t m di y, t c r wilas a p t ma srt j esc ncu inswihr s e tt t s po to ofCou t6 a he ou t l lo do t he gitae udg ' o lso t e p c o ho e rins n , nd g a s mma yj me i f v ofM ulis Ad ms a d M c y. r nt u r udg nt n a or ln , a , n co 11 TheCl r i die t t s nd c rii d c esoft sme or ndum opi on a t e k s r c ed o e e tte opi hi m a ni nd he ac om pa ng o de t t pl i ifa a 1c c nyi r r o he antf nd 1 ouns lofr or e ec d. ENTER:Thi XI'*da ofSe e r 201 s X y ptmbe , 2. ' # ! . .. 6-0um i u / t z1 z.- c u? , ( Chi Unie St t sDititJ ef t d a e src udge 12