-RSB Bryant v. Johnson et al, No. 7:2011cv00075 - Document 50 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Jackson L. Kiser on 6/15/2012. (tvt)
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cLeRK' OFFI u. Dl cour s CE s. sm A M NVILE, T L VA FI z . I THE UNI N TED STATES DISTRI COURT CT FO R TH E W E STER N D I STR I O F V I G I I CT R N A R OA N O K E DIVISIO N JN ' 1 5 J UL BY: D PU A L- K H IR 1.M .BRY AN T, A Pl ntf ai if, ,c N L C i lA cton N o.7: cv-00075 vi i 11- M EM O M N D U M O PI NION GENE M . JOHNS M 1 , ON, Def endant s. By: H on.Jac on L.K i e ks sr Seni U nied St es D i ri Judge or t at st et A lA khi 1 M .Br nt a V igi a i ua e pr ce ng pr K ,f l d a c vi r ght a ton r. ya , r ni m t o edi o ie i l i s ci . purua t 42U. C.j 1 s nt o S. 983.By aSupplme tdAme dCompli ,pli ifna sa e ne nde ant antf me s de e nt Ge M .J hns n,f me Diec o oft Vigi aDe rm e ofCoreci ns f nda s ne o o or r r t r he r ni pa t nt r to (û 1 VDOC' ;f me VDOC De yDiecorJ J be; ' or r ) put r t ohn a VDOC W esenRegi lDiecorJ tr ona r t ohn Gama Ra l M ahena, adenoft Ke nM ounti Coreci lCe e (C CC' ; r n; ndal t W r he e an r tona ntr ( KM ' ) K M CC A s st W ar J.K i K M CC l at Cl i i i A ut iy D .V as K M CC si ant den ser; nm e ass fcaton hort s; Chi fofSe urt E. ewbe r a KM CC co r c i lo f c r Ca a n R . . e l Li ut na e c iy N r y; nd r e tona f i e s pt i D K ly, e e nt P.Cox,Sege ntG.Hor Sege ntM .Hafel W ak,W e O' l Chidrs , Tuggl J r a n, r a ti d, l bb, Quim, l e s P. e, . Br n,a K . len. ow nd A l Pl ntf pr s nt d s ven c am si t Ame ai if e e e e l i n he nded Compl i a ant boutbengi a c r t d a i nc r e a e t t KM CC be w e n D ec m be 1 2008, nd M a ch 6,2009. Fis ,Cox, or Tugg e, own, he t e e r 5, a r rt H n, l Br W e W ak,Chidrs , ln,a O' nn alge yus de esi fr ei vi ai oft bb, l l e s Ale nd Qui le dl e xc sve o c n olton he Ei ht Am e g h ndm e by us ng a s k s e d. Se nd,Ga m a M a he Ki e , ewbery, nd nt i hoc hi l co r n, t na, s r N r a K e l a l edl vi a e t Ei t A m e m e be a e t y f ie t pr r y tai s pe vi e ly leg y ol t d he gh h nd nt c us he a l d o ope l r n, u r s , i s i t ,f l polc a t ke di c plna y ac i f r Cox a H or s unpr es i l nve tga e olow i y, nd a s i i r ton o nd n' of s ona be vi a abus ofi a e i vi a i oft Ei h A m e en . Thid, a m a , M a hena, ha or nd e nm t s n ol ton he ght ndm t r G r n t Ki e a as .K e l Cox, a tel a H or a l e y vi a ed t Four e nt A m e s r V s ly, H ti d, nd n leg dl ol t he te h ndm e by nt i s ngf s i c at a s ci dicplna yr pors; aii t i si at a c s ui ale, nac ur e, nd pe ous s i i r e t f lng o nve tg e nd onduc t I tt ina Cls ii tonAut iy((CA' heai orf lw VDOC polces plci nsiuto l a sfcai hort i1 ' rngs olo ) ii ; a ng pl i ifi a s rp ce la s gr ga i a r l ng on pr ordi c plna y c ge t t a f r a ntf n t i l nd e e ton; nd e yi i s i i r har s o r ns e pl i ift a di c plna y i tt i Fourh, a m a M a he K i e ,V a s Kely,Cox, a ntf o s i i r ns iuton. t G r n, t na, s r s , l Ha fe d,a Hor a l dl vi ae t Fis Am e e by r t la i agans pli tf f til nd n lege y olt d he rt ndm nt e a itng i t a n if or f lng com pl nt , i va es a l te s Fit Cox, or Tuggl ,Br n, e W al ii ai s gr e nc , nd e t r . fh, H n, e ow W bb, k, Chidr s Ale a O' nnalege yweedei rt yi fee a fie t pr tc l es, ln, nd Qui l dl r lbeael ndifrnt nd ald o oe t pl i iff om Chidr sus ng t e e t i s k s e d on pl ntf . Si h,Cox,H or Tugg e a ntf r l es i he l c rc hoc hi l ai if xt n, l, Br own,W e W ak,Chidr s Ale a O' nn al dl vi ae t Ei hAme me bb, l l es, ln, nd Qui lege y oltd he ght nd nt by f ii t c e n a s rp c l orgi pl n ifcl ani s i o Fe ua y 9, a lng o l a ti el ve ai t f e ng upples n br r 2009. Se nt ve h, J ohns a J be ale dl vi a e t Fi s Am e e a Relg ous La U s a on nd a l ge y ol t d he r t ndm nt nd i i nd e nd I tt i nalz d Pe s A c by f ii t pr de a opr a e s vi s opporunii s o ns iuto i e r ons t a lng o ovi ppr i t er ce , t te , r r as bl as i t nc t a 1l gii a e a a ce e r lg ous g ou w hos pa tc pan s c e ona e s s a e o l e tm t nd c pt d e i i r ps e ri i t hoos t eo f ti a co da w ih t i r s tver lgi be i f . as n c r nce t he r e pec i e i ous le s Prs nl beo etec u ti panifsmo inf r ei n r ij n tv r le t h v e e ty f r h o r s litf' to o prlmiay n u cie eif o a e meo de pli ifsta frfom t Re Oni Stt Prs (ç r r antf' rnse r he d on ae ion û ROSP',aLe lV f clt t a ' ) ve a iiy,o Le I orIIf ciiy.Pl ntf aleg t tuni ntte ROSP (sa f'de e pl ntf a e st vel V I a lt ai if l es ha de ii d ût f ni d ai if c es o t pr s 1 w lbr r w hi he bele s c tt t s a Fis A m endm e vi a i ofa e st he ion a i a y, ch i ve ons iu e rt nt ol ton cc s o cours ' a ntf al o a l gest tuni ntf e RO SP s a ff us r t s pl i i f s a lt t us t t . Pl i if s le ha de ii d t f r t a e a ntf biiy o e he i or alc pl i pr s pe ted by V DO C polc l Pl i iff t ralege t tR OSP nf m om a nt oce s nnit i y. a ntf urhe l s ha lPl niffl copisofem ege y greva e hefld aitf ied e r nc i nc s ie wih VDOC ofi al t compl nt tROSP sa fdi no t tci s o ai ha tf d t gi hi i or a com pl i f . ve m nf m l a nt onns ofii l r t lae a ns pl i iff flng gre nce and lws t .Pl i iflsst va i fc as e a it gai t antf or ii i va s a uis antf it he rous a t ofr t la i he s f e a t ha ofuni ntfed of i a s c s e a i ton ufer d t he nds de ii fci l : Att spr enttme Ia t s j c ofrprs lf myr dr sofco ai sa hi es i , m he ub e t e ia or e es mpl nt nd g i va es a flng ofl w s t a i te pl ye s oft VD O C . Cons ue l r e nc nd ii a uis ga ns m o e he eq nty, lha bee t e t ned;as a t d;de e ac es t t pr s sl w lbr r books ve n hr a e s ule ni d c s o he i on' a i a y a al ot rm ae i s gi dicplna y i r tonsduet m ico nd l he tral; ven s i i r nfac i o s nduc on be f t hal ofp ionofi as a f rs fcil; nd oundg ly ofs hi r ci s - wiho f maldue uit uc nfa tont) t ut or p o e s p a e i s g e ain- a da t i p e e tt (/ 7201 )h l i r c s ; lc d n e r g to n t h s rs n i 5 1 / 2 ed n me s r ga i - w ihoutf m a d pr es . l r r t t a eg e ton t or l ue oc s n ega ds o he bove m e i d ntone is t) I v flg jc mplit, re a e a da pe l, 1o wh c rr lsi sues, ha e i d o ans g iv nc s n p as al f ih ae tl e l goi t ouc t p oc sofe ng hr h he r es xhaus i a ho f ly a t e ofwhi h tm e ton; nd pe u l t he nd c i mor ( mes dat ,i s ec. wilber eacdt me e na , es tme , t ) l el s o . ( .sAf.i Supp. M otonf Prlm.n .( 472)!5(mpha i a dl) Pli ifbeives P1' f n of i or ei lj no. e ss dde . antf le t r t la i m a f t i de e nt 'de i i n t de a pl i tf s t a f rt a Le lI o lI he e a i ton nies s n f nda s c s o o l y a n if r ns e o ve V r I f lt aciiy. Pl i ife ai t r on w hy s a f( e a i t ' i thi a pl e hi i a ntf xpl ns he eas t f C t la ed' aga ns m nd ac d m n r s r to . On A pr l27, 2,Sgt Robi on2a oa hed pl ntf ' ce la t d pl ntf t eg ega i n ai i f s l nd ol ai i f o i 201 . ns ppr c tc fu ' tt c l door antf as f rateg tm a er as ' tuf p'a he e l .Pl i if ked o ç ii t e on'why hes dc fup f l houl uf or Robi on, ndRobi onrpled,tl jus you'egoi whee1m a a Im g tkec r ns a ns e i tBeca e r ng r ' t nd ' onna a a e ofyo ' Pl i i fc i r d t r pons a t r a a a i ufk i ntr s f hi t obe a u. a ntf ons de e he es ' e h e t nd n ns t e ea on or m o y n û awf lo de . Cons nty,Sgt R. l a Lt Da c r d pl ntf t ne da wih t k unl ' r r' u ' eque l . Hil nd . y ha ge ai if he xt y t wo i tt i na i r c i f di o yi or r .3 Pl ntf bei vest c ge we efi l nsiuto l nfa tons or s be ng de s ai if le he har s r rvo ous be us no one e a ne t bas sof Sgt R o ns s or r a Sgt Hila Lt D a s d ca e xpl i d he i . bi on' de s nd . l nd . y houl notbe t of i r i s ng t c r . Pl i if l a ne a a s e he fce s s ui he ha ges a ntf e r d t ubs quent1 hea i t t CA rng ha pl i ifw a pl e i s eg t o be aus s a fw e e i s i tng hi f a 1 8 c r e.4 a ntf s ac d n egr a i n c e t f r nve tga i m or 37- ha g 2 Sgt Robi on i nota def nda t t sac i . ns s e nt o hi ton. 3 Sgt Hiland Lt D a a e notdef nda st t s a ton, . l . y r e nt o hi c i 4Pli ifdoe notdefnea 1 - 8 c r antf s i 37 ha ge. Pl i ifa s com pl i a a ntf l o a ns boutV D OC ofi a s r f alt t a f rpl i ift Sus e I . tci l ' e us o r ns e a ntf o s x I VD O C Ce r Cl s fc i Se vi esa ove pl ntf t go Sus e 1 on M a 6,2011 but ntal as ii aton z c ppr d ai i f o sx 1 y , pl i ifr m ansa ROSP asofM a 1 201 VDOC sa fe ane t ts cei nota lbl antf e i t y 7, 2. t f xpli d ha pa s vaia e f rpli ifa Sus e 1 o a ot rLe lI f ciiy. Pli iff t VDOC sa ff not o antf t s x 1 r ny he ve V a lt antf auls t f or e a ni w hy he cn xpl i ng nnoti t a be ta f r ed t a Leve I If c lt ns e d r ns e r o l I a iiy. A pr i nay i uncton i a k ror naya dr tcr me ' M una v.Gee 553 elmi r nj i s n d a di r nd asi e dy.' ext f rn, U. 674,689- ( ) Plitf mus e tbls furee nt beor 1ma is apr lmi S. 90 2008 . anif t sa ih o lme s f e y sue ei nry ij to .1 hei lkeyt s c edont meis 2)hei lkeyt s frir paa eham i t nuncin' ) s i l o uc e he rt; s i l o ufe re rbl r n he a s n eo p ei nayr le' )t b ln eo e ute t i hsfvo ; n 4 a ijmcini b e c f r lmi r eif 3 he aa c f q iis i n i a r a d ) n nt to s , ps i t publci ee t W i e v. t a Res De . n he i ntrs. ntr Naur l . f Counci.I ,555U. 7, 21( ) l nc. S. 20- 2008 . Pl i ifi notalo e t dem onsr t onl a t s biiy' ofir pa a e ha m be a et t a ntf s lw d o ta e y t i lt ' r e r bl r pos c us ha sa r i tnc itntwih (he c r ceiai ofij tver ifasa e r di r tndad s û onsse t t j ha a trz ton nunci ele n xtaor nay i r m e t tm a onl be a a de upon a cl rs w i t tt pl i i fi e il t s h e dy ha y y w r d ea ho ng ha he a ntf s ntted o uc r i . 1 a 22. elef' d. t ' Pl ntf i notenttedt pr i nayij tverle bec us t cai a is s ai if s il o elmi r n unci eif a e he l ms nd sue r i e i t i t ntm o i n do notr l t t t a l ga i r i e i t A m e a s d n he ns a to e a e o he le tons a s d n he nded Co pl nt m ai . See Om e W ord Tr velv. TW A,1 1F. 1 1 ( hCi. 997 (tt mova mus ga l a 1 3d 4, 6 4t r 1 ) sai ng nt t -- esa ihar ai hi bewe nt ij ycli di t moi a t c tbls eltons p t e he nur ame n he ton nd he onduc gi ngrs t t vi ie o li o mp an ) S as l r M ir s f An i us Li g, 3 F.d51 , 2 ( t Ci. 0 3 ls o lit. . lo n e v o o t tt t t .3 3 3 7 5 6 4h r 2 0 ) = r i (ttngt twihoutt sne ,heco ts ul no c i rt f t sf pr lmi y sai ha t hi xus t ur ho d t onsde he acor or ei nar ij i r leg.Pl ntf' i tntmotoni notrlt t t us oft s ks eda nunctve ei ai ifs nsa i s eaed o he e he hoc hil nd def endant r ponses t t event t occur ed a t KM CC . l t , a1 t i s s s' es o he s hat r t he ns ead 1 he s ue c pl i a om a ned bouti t i t ntm oton a os a t RO SP l a l pl i t f expe i nc t n he ns a i r e t he ong fer a n i f r e ed he a lge co tt i vi a i a t KM CC. TheVDOC saf c le d nsiutonal oltons t he t f ompli d abouti t i tnt a ne n he nsa m o i do notr lt t t c r ntdef nt e ptf M a he a Kie .Theonl basst ton ea e o he ure enda s xce or t na nd s r y i o is prlmi r ij tverle a i tdee nt M ahe a Kie5a ebe us t sue ei nay nunci eif gans fnda s t na nd s r r ca e j wy uli a el s r s a ls i i d and uns c t e s a fa Re O ni St t Prs How e r tm t y upe vi e l pec fe pe ii d t f t d on a e i on. ve , r pondea s rori a i ufi e ba i t pr e ut aj1 a to a pli ifc nno r l es t upei s n ns fcint ss o os c e 983 cin, nd antf a t ey on m er l sand concl ons such asûdeni ofaccesst court' and tret i i 't s at a e abel usi , i al o s' t alaton,' o t e consiutona cam.BelAt.Cor v.Two v,5 U. 5 555( tt i l li l l p. mbl 50 S. 44, 2007) M onelv. p'of . , l De t Soc.Sevs,436U. 658,663n. ( 978 .Pl nifdoesnotha ac tt i rghtt a c s r . S. 7 1 ) aitf ve onsiutonal i o c es prs gre ncepr dur .Ada v. c 40F. 72,74( h Ci.1 .Pli ifdoe no ion iva oce es ms Rie, 3d 4t r 994) antf s t ha a c tt i lrghtt be a s gne a s cii s urt c as i i a i o ho ed i a ve ons iutona i o s i d pe fc ec iy l s fc ton r us n pa tc a prs n.Se e. ,Sa n v. riulr io e, c. ndi Conne,51 U. 472, 87( 995) Pli iff ist r 5 S. 486- 1 . antf al o e tbls a ir pa a eha m bybeng i a c aed a t ROSP i t ad ofa he f c lt sa ih ny re r bl r i nc r er t t he nse not r a iiy. Fi ly, a ntf a na l pl i if cknow l s t he hasnote used adm i s r tve r m e esf a oft edge hat xha t ni ta i e di or ny he i tntis .Se 42U. C.j 1 ( (eq rnge usi ofa ia ead nitai nsa sues e S. 997ea) r uii xha ton valbl mi srtve r disbeor afde a c t ya r r le) eme e f e e r l our ma wa d eit. Ef i i nta e f tve pena a i s r ton f t r t publc' i e es ,a i vi a fc e nd f ec i l dm nit a i urhe s he i s nt r t nd nvol ng fde a co 'i t da t daya nitai ofaprs i ac s t j cir ge r ly e r l ul n he y-o- dmi srton t ion s oure he udi ay ne al dia ovesoftki Se 1 U. C.j36264)2)(i- c ts lgi s tntalweghtt sppr a ng. e 8 S. a( ûl our hal ve ubsa i i o -he a a s i c onpublcsft ort o rtonofaci na j tces tm c us dbyt ny dvere mpa t i aey he peai rmi lusi yse a e he prelm i y r i and s lres i nar elef hal pectt pri pl ofcom iy. . . .' ; l W olih, lU. 5 he nci es t ' Belv. fs 44 S. 20, ) 5 n. 5 n. ( 979)(xpli ngt tmanti ngs c iya or ra opeai 40 23, 48 29 1 e ani ha i ani e urt nd de nd rtng i tt i i m a ns iuton n nage bl f hi a e ç ons der to . . . pecular y w ihi t pr nce and a e as on r t i a i ns c i l t n he ovi 5TheVDO C ta f re M ahenaa Kie f om t KM CC t t RO SP. r nser d t nd s r r he o he pr e sona e rieofcore to ofii s'.Ac or ngl t baa eofe tesdoesnottp ofs i l xpe ts rcins fcal' ) c di y,he lnc quii i i pl i if s f vor pl i if f l t e t bls a e il m e t pr lm i y e t bl r le ,a I n a ntf a , a nt f ais o s a i h n ntte nt o e i nar quia e e i f nd deny hi m oton. s i The Cl r i diec ed t s nd co esoft sM e or ndum Opi on a t ac om pa ng ek s r t o e pi hi m a ni nd he c nyi O r rt pl i ifa c de o a ntf nd ouns lofr cor f r de e nt . e e d o f nda s EN TER :Thi s u- da ofJ y une, 2. 201 Seni U nie St t D i ti tJ ge o t d a es s rc ud 6