SNC-Lavalin America, Inc. v. Alliant Techsystems, Inc., No. 7:2010cv00540 - Document 148 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 5/3/2012. (lab)
Download PDF
O pRn oFFl U.. Dl O URT ce S sT. ATR- G . < FI LED I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A R OAN O KE D I SI VI ON MA 23 2 1 t 92 J I c, u ULA BY- /'.a /: z ''' t y ( SN C- V ALI AM ERI ,l C. LA N CA N , Pli tf/Co e - f nda , a n if unt rDe e nt Ci lAc i N o.7: 0CV005 vi ton 1 40 M EM ORANDUM O PI ON NI By:Hon. e E.Co ad Gln nr Chi Unied St t DititJ ef t aes src udge A LLI T TECH SY STEM S,l C. AN N , De e nt Countrpl i if f nda / e - antf. Thi c s i p e e tybeoet ec u t nt ern we moi n f r ud me t samatro s a e s r sn l f r h o r o h e e d to s o j g n a te f lw fldb S La ai Ameia lc (S 'a dAla tTe h y tms l c (t '.Fo a ie y Nc- v ln rc ,n .t NC' n l n c s se ,n .t t ) i ATK' r ) t r as s tf t bel SNC' moton wilbe g a e i pa ta de e i pa t a ATK ' he e ons e orh ow, S i l r nt d n r nd nid n r, nd S m o i wilbede e ton l ni d. Bac ound kgr Thi di r iy a ton se sfom t de i n and c nsr c i ofane nirc a i a s ve st c i tm r he sg o tu ton w ti cd nd s f rca i c n e tai npln (NAC/ 'a teRa o d Vign aas n l wn db te ului cd o c n rto a t û C SAC' t h dfr , r ii re a o e y h ) Unie St t Ar a ope a e by ATK .ATK a SNC e e e i o amulim ilon dola t d aes my nd r t d nd nt r d nt t- li lr desg buidc r c (çheConta f), s ntt whih S agee t pr dee ne dng, in- l onta t t t r c purua o c NC r d o ovi ngi e Pr ur m e , nd c tuc i s N i es oc e nt a ons r ton e c . SN C bega iswor on Oc o r2, nt k t be 2008.Purua t t Co r c ,SNC ha 642 da t s nt o he nta t d ys o c omplt t wor r quie t rt Contac ,n t a enc ofa tmee e i . e e he k e r d mde he r t i he bs e ny i xt nsons Unf runael t pah t c pl on wa wr ug wih dea ,diput s a a lge pl n o t t y, he t o om di s o ht t lys s e , nd lt d a a t r tons I t e S C di notm ee t de dlne s tf r h i t Co r c ,a t pari le a i . n he nd, N d t he a i e o t n he nt a t nd he tes di put wher t pl c t bl m e f t del ys s e e o a e he a or he a . RK ' On Dec mbe 6, e r 2010,SNC fl t i t nta to s e ngr i ed he nsa ci n, e ki embm s m e f e r e nt or xta wor t ti wa a lge y r uie t pe f m ;d a da esr s tng fom ATK' de son t k ha t s le dl eq r d o ror ely mag e uli r S cii o us a i r ssa c r t on t frttoo o t N AC/ e c d-e it nt onc e e he s l r f he SAC;a tona c t i ure asa ddii l oss nc r d r ul ofun ualy s ve ewi e we he ' a c e ai c t i ure asar ul oft de a es t us l e r nt r at r and c elr ton oss nc r d , es t he ni l ofSNC' we t rr lt d r ques f e e i oftm e ATK t n fld co e cli sa i t S ahe -ea e e t or xt nson i . he ie unt r am gans S se igd ma e f rt ed lyi t p oe tsc mplto a df ric mplt a do NC, e kn n g s o h ea n he rj c' o ein n o n o ee n /r i de t w o k. na qua e r OnS p e r7 2 1 ATK mo e f rp ril u r u g n wi r s e tt c ran e tmbe , 01 , v d o ata s mmayj d me t t e p c o eti h e t goresofda a si ntEed b SNC.The c t oresi l d dely da a esr uli fom ae i m ge de i y aeg i ncude a m g es tng r t c nget a i r it ntco r t a tona cossi uredasa r ul oft s ve ewi e he ha o c d-essa nc ee; ddii l t nc r es t he e r ntr weaher a ac e e a i c t.On Ocobe 1 2011 ATK ' moto wasgr nt i pa ta t ' nd c l r ton oss , t r 3, , S in a ed n r nd de ed i pa t SN c- va i Am e i a I v. li ntTe hs t s I , e N o. 1 ni n r . La ln r c . nc. A la c ysem . nc. Cas 7: 0CV00540, 2 1U. Dit LEXI 1 8 1 a * 8( . Va Oc. 3 2 1.Ba e o isrve o te 01 S. s. S 1 3 2, t 2 W D. . t 1 , 01 ) sd n t e iw f h tr o t ep ris Co ta tlh c u t edt a ATK wa e tte t s mmayj dg n wi ems f h a t ' nrc,t e o r h l h t e s n i d o u r u me t t l h r s tt SNC' cai f dely da gesr s tngfom t c nget a i r it co r t e pec o S l m or a ma e uli r he ha o cd-essant nc e e. L. a * Li s t c t l t tSNC wasba r d fom r ove i c ti c t t twe e ds t 21. kewie, he our hed ha , re r ec rng eran oss ha r i ure dtrngt pe i ofunus ly s ve ewi e we t r s h a t c t ofad tonal nc r d li he rod ua l e r nt r a he , uc s he oss dii ie t tbe a ne sayf SNC t pef a ars toft weahe condii .LL a *23. tms ha c me ce sr or o ronn s e ul he t r tons ( t On t o he ha t c t he t r nd, he our concude t tSNC wa entte t pr e t tilo isc am f l d ha s ild o oce d o ra n t l i or ac elr ton c t r s tng fom t de a ofiswe t rr lt d r ques f e e i oftme. c e a i oss e uli r he nil t a he -ea e e t or xt nson i I at*23d. 24. 1I i undiput d t t Contacti gover by Vigi a l . ts s e hat he r s ned r ni aw 2 A j ytil o n e o Oco e 1 , 01 a ds a ne t ite d y .Th c u t ur ra c mme c d n tb r 7 2 1 n p n d hre n a s e o r bi c tdtec s it la ii a dd ma e p a e .I tela l yp a e t ej r f u di f ae h a e n o iblt n a g s h s s n h ibit h s ,h u y o n n ur y i fv ro S o isa c lrto cam.Th j r as fun i fv ro ATK o isr ltdcam a o f NC n t c eeain li e u y lo o d n a o f n t eae li t a S b e c e tec nr c b fiigt c mp eetep o e to tme fn i t t h t NC r a h d h o ta t y aln o o lt h rj c n i ,i dng ha ATK wa s e t ldt rc ve lq d tdd ma e f r3 d y o d ly.Ad i o l ,he u yfu i fv r ni e o e o r iuiae a g s o 0 a s f ea t dt nal t j r o nd n a o i y ofATK on s ve a de i incycli s i l ng isco e cai r lt d t t m a snotfc ton e r l fce am ,ncudi t unt r l ms e ae o he s iia i s tm ,c le ,se m s d, c t rpump, nd c ntolvaves yse hilr t a ki Rih e a o r l . Beo et j r ra h dav r ito l b l y t p rise trdit awrte a re n f r he u y e c e edc n i ii ,he a t n ee no itn g e me t a t e pur ua t whih t y si ae t t a mtofda a sa s aed wih c ran cli s s nt o c he tpult d o he mot m ge s ocit t e ti am , icudn ATK' d fce ycams Ac o dn l d rn ted ma e p a e tejtywa o l n l ig S eiinc li . c r igy, u ig h a g s h s ,h t. s ny t t s d wih dee m i ngt n a ke t tr ni he mountofda a sf rwhih S C wase il t r co ron is m ge o c N ntted o e ve t a c lrto cam.OnNo e e 3 2 1 t j r a r e S da g si t ea u to c eeain li v mb r , 01 ,he u y wad d NC ma e n h mo n f $ 2,0 .0.Th tsmed y t ec t'e trdaj d me tmpe n i t ej r ' vedcsa 33 8 00 a a a ,h out nee u g n i lme tng h u y s r it nd t pa tes wrte a e m e on dama sz he ri ' itn gr e nt ge . 80h p riss b e u n l tldmoin f r u g n a amatro lw u d rRue5 ( t a t u s q e ty ie to s o j d me t s t f a n e l 0b) e e oft Fe r Rul ofCi lPr e e.Thecou thed ahea i ont m o i on J nua y 11 he de al es vi oc dur r l rng he tons a r , 201 Durng t he rng, hepa te we e g a e t opporuniyt fl s e nt lbre s 2. i he a i t ris r r nt d he t t o ie uppl me a i f . Themotonsha now be n f l bre e a a erpef r viw. i ve e uly i f d nd r i or e e 2Thej dg ntwa ltra nd dt icud ATK' se li e ce icam.Att c ncuso u me s ae me e o n l e S te nd x rdt li he o l in oft p ris e d nc ,hec ur g a tdATK' u pp e mo in f j dg n a amal ro lw wih he a te ' vie e t o t r ne S no os d to or u me t s te f a t r pe t t cl m . es ct o hat ai St andar o R e e d f vi w Rue5 ()o t Fe ea Ru e o CiiPr c d r p r t tepat st fl r n we l 0b f he d rl ls f vl o e u e emis h ri o i e e d e e moin f r u g n a ama trof a flo n t ej r ' v r it ndt ee tyo j d me t to s o j d me t s te 1w o lwig h u y s ed c a h n r f u g n . Thec tmus grn aRul 50( motoni t r i nol alys t e e denir bassf a our t a t e b) i f hee s eg l ufkint vi tay i or ra o a ej r t fn frt ep e al gp ryo ap iua is e Fe R. v. 5 ()1 .I e s n bl u y o i d o h rv in a t n m c lr su . d. Ci P. 0 a( ) n i r i o t moton,t c tmus vi t e de a dr w al r s bl i e e esi t ulng n he i he our t ew he vi nce nd a l ea ona e nf r nc n he lg mos fvo a et t no o ngpa t Lac v.W a - a tSt r .l , F. 255,259 iht t a r bl o he nm vi ry, k lM r o es nc.240 3d ( t Ci. 0 ) a dma n ts b ttt is ud me t o ta o t ej r o ma ece i ly 4h r 2 01, n y o u si e t j g n f r h t f h u y r k rdbit u i deemi to ,Prcev.CiyofChal t,93F.d 1 ,1 (t Ci.1 .Thever c mus tr nains i t rote 3 241 249 4h r 996) dit t b u h l i t eei e ie c u o whihar ao a l j r c udrtr avedc i fv ro t e p ed f h r s v d n e p n c e s n b e u y o l eu n r it n a o f he nonm ovi pa t Pr c ,93 F. at1 ng ry. i e 3d 24950. Di scussi on 1 . SNC' Rul 50( M o i S e bà ton S h srn we ismoinf r ud me ta amatro 1w wi r s e t oATK' ma s NC a e e d t to o j g n s te f a t e p c t h S s no ik a i Riht rpmnp, ntolvave , nd c le cai s Thec t l a r se ch of tt ton, c e co r l s a hil r l m . our wil dd es a t s c a m s i tun. he e l i n t ' A. M ass N ot fcaton ii i ATK ' mas no ii a i c am i onef br a h ofc r t Spe fc l ATK cl ms S s tfc ton l i s or e c ontac . ciialy, ai t tSNC br a hed t pa te Con r c b f lng t pr d afr alr s t m t tpr des ha ec he ris' ta t y aii o ovi e ie a m yse ha ovi f rm a snotfca i n. o s ii to To s uppor t s c ai a ti l A TK pr e ed a c ofa r po tpr pa e b W ila N . t hi l m t r a , es nt opy e r e r d y li m Br ooks a pr es i le ne r r t i b SN C t pe f r a fr pr ec i de i a l i . , of s ona ngi e e a ned y o r o m i e ot ton s gn na ys s 4 Th a lsswa rq ie b Unfe Fa ite Crtra (UFC' 3 6 0 01a dteEn ie rn e nay i s e ur d y iid cl is iei3 ; ' - 0 - n h gn ei g i û ) Funci lSpect tons(ç 'i or rtdi ot pa te 'Conrc. I t fr pr e ton tona ikai t ) nc po ae nt he ris ta t n he ie otci EFS' r por, c waspr pa ed i Aug tof2009,Br ksi cae t tt ç l ng fr alr e twhih e r n us oo ndi td ha he t di ie n m bui s t m 'i t ld a t NAC/ yse 'nsale t he SAC ç l beavoiet s t wih m a snott a i t l wi c ype ysem t s ik ton c p bit y a dta ç sp a eswil eisaldo teitro a de tro o teb idn ' a a l y' n h ts l e k r l b n tle n h neir n xe ir f h u lig. i ' l ' ( fsTra Ex 9 a 1 ) Ha kF o s , NC' p oe tma a e , sq e t n do co s De il . 0 t 6. n r e e S S rj c n g r wa u si e n r so e m i ton by A TK ' c xa na i S ouns lr ga d ng t fr pr e i r por . W he as d i Br e e r i he ie ot cton e t n ke f ooks t houghtt tam a snotfc ton s t m wa r uie Fr er ponde i t a fr a i ha s ii ai yse s eq r d, oes es d n he fim tve. ( 0312 1Tra Tr a 9 . Du igco igag me tATK' c u e ag e ta tefr 1 / /01 il . t 5) rn lsn r u n , S o nsl r u d h t h ie p o e to rp r dsce ra d y'a dta tml s n tfc to i r q rda c r igt teg y r tcin e o tç la s a , n h tt a s oiiain s e uie c o dn o h u i ' l t a S hrdt b tere p r. (d. t2 7) h t NC ie o e h i x e t' 1 a 4 . ' Forispar,SN C pr s nt d t s i on i c tng t ta m a snott a i n s t m w asnot t t e e e e tm y ndi a i ha s i to ys e k r r d by t pa tes Conta t Robe t a ze t,apr e sonale ne e o by S C, equie he ri ' r c. r M r ti of s i ngi er mpl yed N t sii dt ther vi we t EFS a t ap iabl c e tfe ha e e d he nd he plc e odesct d i t EFS,i l ngUFC ie n he ncudi 3 600- , t tt c - 01 and ha he odesdi notr quiet i t lai n o am a snotfcai s t m a t d e r he nsa lto f s ii ton yse t he NAC/ SAC.(0 2 / 01 Tra Tr a 1 5 1 6. M az ti etfe t a t ec d srq ien w 1 / 42 1 il . t 0 - 0 ) rettsiid h t h o e e ur e t nha t d'f r lbuidi t ha ama snotfc ton s t m ,a t tt NAC/ s bie ' ede a l ngs o ve i s iia i yse nd ha he SAC doesnot co tt ea çiha t d'buidi f pup o esoft a i a ec s snc i doesno ha a nsiut n tn bie ' l ng or s he pplc bl ode , i e t t ve n r l c u n yo 1 pe pe (d)Du i co i gagl n, NC' c u s l o u e o t o ma o c pa c f 1 o l. L= rng lsn r l t S S o n e f c sd n he me t si e tmony elcie fom M a z ti e i td r r et, mphaszng t tç u ha go t ha 11peo ei o de t be i i ha d yo ve t o ve pl n r r o 3The Unii Fa ltesCrt i s t pr despl ng, desgn,consr ton,s t nm e , fed ciii iera ysem ovi anni i tuc i us ai nt r sorto a mod r z tonc ie i a plc bl t al p rme tofDe e s prj cs e t ain, nd e nia i rtra p ia e o lDe a t n f n e o e t. r s o il t p ti ama sn tfc to s se ' ( 0312 1Tra Tr a 1 3) S Sc t e e p nsbe o u n s oiiain y tm. 1 / / 01 il . t 9 . NC' omsl ' not d t tat e ha lhoughATK ha i tal c i r d f l ngt mai e nc a oac utlz b d nii ly onsde e olowi he ntna e ppr h iied y a sm ia plnti Ge ma whih e oye a l a ttn wor r r ponsbl f rce ng a i l r a n r ny, c mpl d t e s e ke s es i e o lani nd m ant i ngt a d pr ton a e ,ATK lt rde de t r l on pr ve a i mea ur st i ani he ci oduci r as ae ci d o ey e nt tve s e o m a gecoroson and e e t l ng-e m pe f m mwe oft plnt whi h ne es iaeda muc na r i xt nd he o tr ror he a , c c st t h s le n mb ro e ly e .(d a 1 3 1 4. Ree e cn tsi n fo J rdHe d ik, malr u e f mpo e s l . t 9 - 9 ) fr n ig e tmo y r m ae n rc ATK' la p o e te gn e , NC' c t e e h sz dt a ATK Cus h dt wo kn (t h S e d rj c n ie r S S omsl mp a ie h t j t a wo r ig a t e NAC/ SACI'a dta çtha' n tma s' (d. t1 4) , n h t s l ts o s . 1 a 9 . ' g ' Th j r utmaeyf u di fv ro ATK o isma sn tt to cam.l a c r a c e u y li tl o n n a o f n t s oi in li n c o d n e ka wiht ej r ' v r ito la ii a dtep ris wrte a r e n o d ma e ,h c u t t h u ys edc n iblt n h a t ' itn ge me t n a g s te o r y e e trdj g n i fv ro ATK i t ea u to $ 9 ,3 .2 n ee ud me t n a o f n h mo n f 2 96 94 . l isrn we moinu d rRue5 () S a g e t tt sb e c o c nr c cam n t e e d to n e l 0b , NC r u s ha hi ra h f o ta t li f isasa ma trofl w, a enoneoft a ia ec pr so ct d i t EFS,a al te a bec us he pplc bl ode ovii ns ie n he nd i po a e i o t pa te 'Cont a t r ui e SN C t i t la m a snotfca i s t m . ncor r t d nt he ri s r c , eq r d o nsal s ii ton ys e Dur ng t hea i on t i t ntm o i ,ATK ag e d t tt he EFS i t l w oft l nd, f i he rng he ns a tons r e ha ç t s he a he a ' or ' p po e o t ewokr q rdu d rteCo ta t 1 1 / 01 Tr a 1 ) ATK ds g e d, u s s f h r e uie n e h nrc.(/ 12 2 . t 2. ia re howe r wih SNC' ar m e t tne t rt EFS nort a ia ec pr sonsr uie ve , t S pl nt ha ihe he he pplc bl ode ovii eq r d amas notfc ton s t m .The c tuli t l pe mitd bot sde t fl s e nt lbre s s iia i yse our tma ey r te h i s o ie uppl me a i f a es i t spa tc a cli . Addii ly, hec ta f de t pm i st opporu t t ddr sng hi riulr am tona l t our for d he e he tniy o s i a y a tona code pr s onsnec s a y f a f lunde s a ng oft c esand ubm t n ddii l ovi i e s r or ul r t ndi he od sa r pe tne t t is ofmas noiiain. tndads ri nt o he sue s tfc to 6 Ha ng r viwe t r co d,ncl ng t a ia ec r cuala co pr vii vi e e d he e r i udi he pplc bl onta t nd de o sons c t d by t pa te , he c tconc ude ,a a m a t rofl w ,t tSN C w a notr quie t i t l a ie he r i s t our l s s te a ha s e r d o ns a l m as notf c ton s t m .A c or ngl f t r as s tf rh be ow ,t cou tw ilg a s ii a i ys e c di y, or he e ons e o t l he r l r nt SNC' r ne d m o i wih r pec t t scam . S e we ton t es t o hi li 1. T he w or r k equi e unde t C ont ac w as bas on t EFS. rd r he r t ed he Pur ua t t Co r c ,SNC a e d t pe f m $alW or r quie t co plt t s nt o he nta t gr e o ror C1 k e r d o m e e he d sg , o sr cin sa t pa dtsigo teNAC/ AC fcl y. .' ( nr c j31) Th e in c n tu to , tr- n etn f h u S a ii . . Co ta t .. e t ' Con r c dei t or ' la a a1 oft s r i e nec s a yf Contacort complt t ta t tned s k'as tny nd 1 he e v c s e s r or W r t o e e he de i a c tu ton oft f clt r pr s ntd i is30% De i a t c ryoutt i e of sgn nd onsr c i he a iiy e e e e n t sgn nd o a r he ntnt t eCo ta t'( nrc j111. Th Co ta tfrh rp o ie ta çth 40 Dei n s al h nr c. Co ta t .4)) e nrc u te r vd d h t ç l e 3 % sg ' h l ' l b teb sso t W o ku d rt eDe in u l Op inf r h NAC/ AC fcl y' ( n rc j e h a i f he r n e h sg z id to o t e S a ii . Co ta t t' 11m)) l i u ip tdt tS S3 % De inwa b sdo t rq ie n sc n an di t e .( . t s nds u e ha NC' 0 sg s a e n he e urme t o tie n h En ie rngFu cin lS e iiains(ç 'p o d db ATK.Th p risito u e te gn ei n to a p cfc to : ) rvie y EFS' e at nrd cd h e EFS i o e de a til nt vi nce t ra . The c ie i and r r m e sf t NAC/ rt ra equie nt or he SAC' fr pr e ton s t m we e s tf t i S ie ot ci yse r e orh n Se ton 6. ofVoll 2oft EFS.Purua t j6. 12,hedesg oft fr pr ecin ci 4 lme he s nto 4.. t in he ie ot to s t m wa r quiedt c or t anl be ofc s sa ds a s cii to ,i udi yse s e r o onf m o l r ode , tndar , nd pe fcai ns ncl ng m UFC 36 - (r e inFiePr tcinEngn eigfrFa ite , pe e 2 , 0 6)a d -0001 s sg r oe t o ie rn o cl is Se tmb r 6 2 0 ' n i Nai n l r Pr tci nAso ito (I F ' 1 (tieS ft Co e2 0 Edto ' Tot e to a Fie o e to s cain E PA' 01 ç f a ey d 0 6 iin). h N ) e e anydic e nc e o confit e se bewee t EFS a t a ia ec xt nt s r pa i s r lc s xitd t n he nd he pplc bl odes t , he partes w er diect t r ersuch i i e r ed o ef ssuest t Super si Fie Pr ecton Engi o he vi ng r ot i neerf or r s uto ( j6. 1. ) e ol in. EFS 4. 2. 7 2. The s tonsoft UFC r f r nc i t EFS do notr ec i he e e e ed n he egui re t i t l i o a m as notfca i s t m . he ns alaton f s ii t on ys e TheUnie Stt sDe rmen ofDe e ehasde i t t m ç snotfc ton' a t t d a e pa t t f ns fned he er s mas ii a i ' s he c pa lt t pr deç e -i ei or ton a i tu tonst pe e i abuidi a e st or a biiy o ovi s altm nf ma i nd nsr c i o opl n r l ng, r a, ie, i t lton usng i e lgi evoie c nsala i i nt li bl c ommuni ai a o wih vii e sgnal, e , g a cs c tons l ng t sbl i s t xt and r phi , a dp sbyicu igtcieo oh rc mmu iainmeh d . ( 4 0 - a j1 1) tl n osil n ldn a tl r te o nc to t o s' UFC - 2101 t - . ç' -he pu pos ofmas nottc ton i t pr ec lf by i c tngt e se eofa e r e y r e s ii a i s o ot t ie ndia i he xit nc n me g nc st tona i tu tngpe eoft ne esaya a oprat r pons a aci ' (d iuai nd nsr ci opl he c s r nd ppr i e es e nd ton. L=) ' UFC 3- 01 c t d i t EFS,s t f t t fr pr t c i e nee i r qui e e s 600- , ie n he e s orh he i e o e ton ngi rng e r m nt a ia et al ne a e si De rm e ofDe e e f iii s i l ngt N AC/ pplc bl o l w nd xitng pa t nt f ns aclte , ncudi he SAC.As SNC e mpha ies UFC 3- 01doesnotr quiet i t lton ofamas nott a i s tm . sz , 600e r he nsala i s ik ton yse I ta ,j5 3. o UFC 3 6 0 01 wh c st frht erq ie nso fr aam e c ain nse d - 2 f - 0 - , ih es o t h e urme t f ie lr va u to s t m s pr de a f l s ys e , ovi s s olow : Fi e a a m s t s m us be i pe r l r ysem t nde nden ,s a a one s t m s t ta e not t t nd- l ys e ha r a i e a pa tofa s urt ,a e r y m onio n nt gr l r ec iy n ne g t dng a c r s t m nd ontol ys e ( CS) orot rs tm, xc ptt tafr aam s tm ma be EM , he yse e e ha ie lr yse y c ombi d wih abuidi mas no i ai n s t m orwih a c ne t l ng s tfc to yse t ombi ton na i buidi m a sno ii ton a publca es s t m . l ng s tfcai nd i ddr s yse ( 3 6 0 01a j53.)(mph ssa d d .Fo a dto a i fr to o ma snoiiai n UFC - 0 - t - 2 e a i d e ) r d iin l no main n s tfc to s tms j53. ofUFC 3- 01rfr t r de t UFC 4- - . yse , - 3 600- ees he ea r o 02101 UFC 4- - , ild t esgn a O&M :M as Notfc ton Syse s'a s doe not 021 01 tte r i nd s ii a i tm ,' lo s r quiet i t lton ofam a snotfc ton s tm a t NAC/ e r he nsala i s iia i yse t he SAC.l t ad,i pr vi t nse t o des he des gn c ie i f r f iii t ta e r quie t ha a m as no ii ton s t m . U FC 4- 21 01 i rt ra o ac ltes ha r e r d o ve s tfca i ys e 0 r e st r de t a he UFC doc e tt de e m i w he hera m as no ii a i s t m i ,i ef r he ea r o not r um n o t r ne t s tf c ton ys e s n 8 fc, c s ay S cin 12o UFC 4 0 - sae ta çthi UFC p o d stc nia ciei a tne e s r . e to - f - 2101 tts h t ç l s g r vie e h c l rtra f s t m st tw il...i pl m e m as no ii ton i co pla e w ih D O D a ienor s or ys e ha l m e nt s tfca i n m i nc t ntt im rq ie n sa s e iidi UFC 4 01 - . ( 4 0 - a j12)Lie s , 13sae e urme t s p cfe n - 0015 UFC - 2101 t - . k wie j - tts ' t a tther q ie n f raM NSi e tbl h db UFC 0 - 0 01 Th sd cl n i itn e h tt l e urme t o l s sa i e y s 4 01 - . i o l t s n e d d me t a ss i t de i ofs tm st tm e tt r q r me e t bls d byUFC 0 01 01a t o s it n he sgn yse ha e he e uie nt sa ihe 4- 0- nd o gvegui ncet commande s a c t t ,e ne r ,a e us r on desg ope ai n, i da o r , r hiecs ngi e s nd nd e s i n, r to and man e a eo ( s n tfc to s tms. ( 4 0 - a j13. itn nc f ma s oiiain yse j' UFC - 2101 t - ) ' Forispar,UFC 4- 0- ,tte t t t 01 01 ild S DOD M i m um Antt ro im St nda dsf ni ie r rs a r or Buidi ,' t i m i m um a ie r i m r qui e e st ta y t c r a n sr c ur s l ngs' con a ns ni ntt r ors e r m nt ha ppl o e t i t u t e , icu igçlDOD ih btdb idn s' ( 4 0 001a j16. çl eitn o tee n ldn û l a n a ie ulig . UFC - 1 - t - / s- ne t fh s ' rh sa r i t m i mi et pos i lt ofmas c s lisi buidi o pori ofbuidi tnda ds s o ni z he sbiiy s a uate n l ngs r tons l ngs owne l s d,prva i d,orot r s oc upi m a ge orc r ld by orf rDoD d, ea e i tze he wie c ed, na d, ontole o g p rme to Dee s j' I . tj14 (mp a i a d d .S a d r 2 ,ild f s De a t n f f n e . d a - ) e h ss d e ) tn ad 2 t e s s '( t Ma Noiiai 'pr de t ttgllne iha tdbuidi smus ha ac pa lt t pr vi ratfc tony' ovi s ha tal w n bie l ng t ve a biiy o o de e l tmei or ton t buidi oc upa t orperonne i t i e a evi i t oft buidi i nf ma i o l ng c n s s l n he mm dit cniy he l ng d rn e r e c stains. . Ree t UFC 4 0 - f r u te g d n e' (d a jB- ..) u ig meg n y i t u o . . fr o - 2101 o f rh r uia c . 1 . t 47 1 ' (mp ssa d d .Th tnntn a ie b i i g 'i d fn da ç b ul n so p rin o e hai d e ) e e d h btd ul n s's eie s i l i g r o t s f i d l di o buidi r tnel oc upi b 11ormor DoD pe s l ngs ou i y c ed y e r onne a wihapopulton de iy of l nd t ai nst g e trta o p ro pe 4 g o ss u r mee s( 3 g o ss u r fel' (d. tAp e dxA. rae h n ne es n r 0 r s q a e tr 4 0 r s q ae e t. l a p n i ) ' 4The a i bl ver i ofUFC 4- 01can be viwed i isentr y att f l ng I er pplca e son 010e n t iet he olowi nt net a dr s : e :www. ag v g a hispb / tnd r s DoD - M i mum Antt r im st d es h / / gs .o / r p c / ssa a d ni ier ors andar ds f Buidi pdf or l ngs. . - - 9 - - - Th tnnE D pes n l i cu e tan U. mitr , D cvla o fmi me e ee C DO ro ne' n ld s i qy S. l ay Do iiin, r a l mb r ' l i y t r ,hos- tone oye wor ngf DoD, c r t soc upyi Do buidi .'(d. heeof tnai mpl es ki or or ontacor c ng D l ngs' I ) l t sc e, S C e n hi as as N mphasze ,t r wa no e de epr e e a ti whi h wo d i ca e i s he e s vi nc es nt d t ral c ul ndi t t tt NAC/ ha he SAC i r i yoc upi d by 1 ormor De rme ofDe e epe s s outnel c e 1 e pa t nt f ns r onnel a ,s de i b UFC 4- 0- I ta t e de e t bls d t tt NAC/ fned y 01 01. nse d, he vi nce sa ihe ha he SAC i nor ly s ma l oc upi d by onl t i vi ual - o ATK e o ewho wor i t c r r c e y wo ndi d s ne mpl ye ks n he ontol oom a one nd t a mananst pan .( 0282 1Tra Tr a 3 - 7) h t iti he li t 1 / / 01 il . t 6 3 . Ac di t t e de ea cor ng o he vi nc dduc d a ti ,ATK orgi l c i r e o ng t e t ral i naly onsde ed mpl yi he Eur a m ehod f pr ve i c r i a t NAC/ ope n t or e ntng oroson t he SAC,whih woul ha i ve a c d ve nvol d rgo o m ant na e pr r m a mor t n tn mai e nc e o s A f w mont afe i r us i e nc og a nd e ha e ntna e mplyee . e hs tr t pa tese e e i o t Conta t r pr e ai fom ATK a SNC t eda smia plnti he ri nt r d nt he r c , e es nt tves r nd our i lr a n Ge m a a l r d m or a tt m a nt nc m odelu ii d a t tf ciiy, hi ha r ny, nd ea ne e bou he i ena e t lze t ha a lt w ch d upwa dsoftn o mor m ant nc pe s ne on dut Ats poi t r a tr a atm e r e r e i ena e r on l y. ome nt he e fe , t i core po ng t ATK' decson t c ng t amor acd-e itntfoorng,ATK de i t r s ndi o S ii o ha e o e i r ssa l i cded o i t adr y onpr ve a i mant na m e ur st tnec s iaed amuc s lrnum be of nse el e nttve i e nce as e ha e st t h male r empl es W hie t e de edi no de i t l e tbls whe S C frtde i edt a ndo oye . l he vi nc d t fniey sa ih n N is c d o ba n isplnst empl y al r mai e t a o o a ge ntnanc c e i i undiputd t tATK uli a ey c et saf e r w, t s s e ha tm t l hos o t f t N AC/ he SAC wih onl a f w e pl ee ,a t tt NAC/ t y e m oy s nd ha he SAC i notr tnel o rt by 11 s ou i y pe aed orm or De rm e ofDe e epe s ne , dei by UFC 4- 0- . e pa t nt f ns r on l as tned 01 01 Cons que l t cour i c nc t ta m a snotfc ton s t wasonl r qui e by e nty, he t s onvi ed ha s ii a i ysem y e rd t a i a e UFC pr s o i t N A C/ C had bee s a f d b a l r rnum be of he pplc bl ovi i ns f he SA n t f e y a ge r e pl es Be a et r i no e de e t tt N A C/ m oye . c us he e s vi nc ha he SAC i r i l oc upi d by e e n o s outne y c e l ve r 10 mor perol ,t co ta e wih S t tt UFC pr so r f e e i t EFS do no e s mel he ur gr es t NC ha he ovii ns e ernc d n he t r quie t i t l ton ofa m a snotfc ton s t m . e r he nsala i s ii a i ys e 3. N FPA 101 r gui e a s t m t pr de voi no i i t on. e r s ys e hat ovi s ce t fca i notm as not fcat on. s ii i Alhough mas notfc ton i e e sy de i a a e s i t UFC s t m of t s ii a i s xpr s l fned nd ddr s ed n he yse c s ATK a g sf rt fr ttmei iss e e alb ift tI ode , r ue o he is i n t upplm nt re ha C NFPA 1 i t s c oft 01 s he our e he ma sn tkainrq ie n . ( s oi to e u rme t' ATK S pp l . t7)ATK ctsj 1 . o NFP 1 , c t ' u ' Br a . ie 18 f A 01 whih r quieshi h-ie buidi t i l a tiealr s t m usnga a pr ve e g y e r g rs l ngs o ncude t r a m yse t i n p o d, mer enc voieaam c c /lr ommuniai s tm ..,nsaledi a c da ewihSe ton9. ' ( c ton yse i t l n c or nc t ci 6. NFPA 1 a ' 01 t j 1 .. ATK as ctsj6.0o tef ep oe to rp r p e ae b Br o s whc c n ims 18) lo i e 1 f h i rtcin e o t rp rd y o k , ih o fr r ta ' h tG NFPA 1 1r q rsafr aam s se wi v iec mmt c to c p b l y' ( f' 0 e uie ie lr y tm t oc o miain a a ii . De .s h t' Tra Ex. a j6.0. il 90 t 1 ) AsSNC e mpha ies howe r amas no ii ton s t m ha t que fa ur de i by sz , ve , s tfcai yse s mi e t es fned t De rm e ofDe e e a i nott s t ngast S c / lr c he pa t nt f ns , nd s he ame hi he ç e aa m omm t c ton voi mia i s s e 'd c i d i NFPA 1 .Ass tf t a y tm ' es rbe n 01 e orh bove,hec pa lte ofamas notf ton t a biiis s ika i s t m a es tf t i UFC 4- - ,whih pr desa f l : yse r e orh n 021 01 c ovi s olows CAPABI TY .M a snott a i pr vi sr a -i i onna i a LI s ik ton o de e ltme nf ton nd i tuci nst peo ei abuidi a e st ,orDOD usng i e lgi e nsr to o pl n l ng, r a, ie i nt li bl voi e c m uni tons a onc w ih vi i e s g s t xk a cr phi .a c om ca i , l t sbl i nal . e nd a cs nd pos i v i udi t tl oro he c m uni a i m e hods M N S a e s bl ncl n: ac ie t r om c ton t . r i t nde t pr t c lf b i c tngt e senc ofa e e ge y n e d o o e t ie y ndi a i he xit e n m r nc st ton a i t u tngpeo eoft nec s a y a a opra er pons iua i nd nsr c i pl he e s r nd ppr it es e a ac i n, nd to - UFC 4- - ,j2- (mphai add . 2101 2 e ss edls 5U FC 4- 1 01can be vi 02 ewed i isentr t a t f l ng l e neta es htp:/ n t iey t he olowi nt r ddr s: t /www . wbdg. g/ DoDr Fc/ c 4 021 Ol. . or ccb/ uf pdf Thefr pr t c i r por r le upon by ATK a s r co ze t tma sno ii a i i ie o e ton e t eid lo e gni s ha s tfc ton s ditnc fo t r quie e sdes rbedi NFPA 1 . Se i 6.0 oft r por sa e t t si t r m he e r m nt c i n 01 cton 1 he e t t t s ha C F 1 r q ie afr aa m s se wi v iec mmu iainc pa ii . ( f' Tra Ex C PA 01 e urs ie lr y tm t oc o nc to a blt ' De.s il . N h y' 90a j6.0. W hiet rpor g ont saet tai c t fr alr co ne wih ma s t 1 ) l he e t oes o tt ha l e ype ie am, mbi d t s voi no ii ai wilbe i tle 't r por doe notsa et tm a snotfcai n i r uie by tfc ton, l nsa ld, he e t s ' t t ha s ii to s eq r d NFP 1 o a yoh ra pl a l c d p o iin,(d (mp a i a d d . A 01 r n te p i be o e r v so L e h ss d e ) c =) 4. SN C ' r m ai ng ar S e ni gum e s r gar ng t m e ng a e f t nt e di he ani nd f ec oft f re prot i reportare unpersuasi he i ecton ve. Ther m ande ofATK ' s e e albre i de e t a pl e sr a di t e fc e i r S upplm nt if s votd o r m nt eg r ng he fe t ofBr ooks fr pr e ton r por a co i ai Br ksmi htha m a i t c zs of ' ie ot c i e t nd nsder tons oo g ve de n he olr e pr pa i t r por.Fort f l ngr s ,t co ttndst s a gume sunpe s i e rng he e t he olowi ea ons he ur i he e r nt r uasve. Fis,t t e e ATK r f r t Br r t o he xt nt e e s o ooksasa t xpe t' nd a tm pt t pr f rhi n t r'a te s o ofe s e pr es i of s onala l i a a e na yss s n xper opi on on t i s ofwhe he m as notfc ton w a r quie t ni he s ue t r s ii a i s e rd ( ATK S p l . t ) ATK' ef rsaec n rr t weletbl h de ie tayr ls Br o s u p' Br a 4 , S fo t r o tay o l sa i e vd n ir ue . o k s wa ne ri ntfe asawine s a hedi nott tf a tilorgi ade ii i t sma tr s ve de ii d t s , nd d esiy t ra ve poston n hi te . Cons que l ATK ca tr l on hi r por asofe i a e r o ni on t is ofm a s e nty, nno ey se t f rng n xpe t pi on he s ue s notfc ton. Se e g. Toki M a i & Fie I .Co. N or ol & W . ,Ca e N o.98- 05 ii a i e, . , o rne r ns v. f k Ry. s 1 0, 1 U. App.LEXI 476,a *1 ( hCi.J n.1 1 99)(t porssai a e r opi o 999 S. S t 0 4t r a 4, 9 ç Re t ttng n xpet nin tr no a isbl wihoutt pr pa e beng pr s n i c t ot tf ast hi q ii ai as a e t dm s i e t he e r r i e e t n our t esiy o s ualfc tons a e pet n t b co se a n do t es b tn e')( u tn Fo wadCo n c to s n x r a d o e r s -x mi e n h u sa c .' q oi g r r mmu iain ' Corp v. t Stt , F. 485, 1( . . 979). . Unied aes 608 2d 51 CtC1 1 ) - 12 I a e nt t r e ntpori oft fr pr e ton r por a es l-i tng.Ass t n ny ve , he elva tons he ie otc i e t r eflmii e f t abo ,t r tdoesnots c fc ly sa et tamas no ii ton s t m i r quie by orh ve he epor pe iia l tt ha s tfca i yse s e r d t a ia eco s I t ad,i t s c i lbe e û l ngCode Ana yss'whih was he pplc bl de . nse n he e ton a l d t di Bui l i,' c pe f me ptrua t j6. 2. oft EFSa UFC 3- 01 t rpor saest tC ror d ls nt o 4. 3 he nd 600- ,he e t tt ha C NFPA 1 01 r uie atr aa m s tm wihvoieco mi tonc pa lt 'a t tl voietpefr eq rs ie lr yse t c mmt cai a biiy, nd hattal c y ie ' aa m, o i e wi ma sn tfc to , lb isald' ( f' Tra Ex. 0a j6 1 . lr c mb n d t s oiiain wil e n tle . De .s il 9 t - 0) h ' (mp a i a d d .T us a rq ie b teEFSa dteUFC,h rp r ditn u s e b t e e h ss d e ) h , s e ur d y h n h t e e o t sig ih s ewe n wha i r quie unde t a ia ec s, ndwha ipr e t tSNC prvi Se EFS j t s e rd r he pplc bl ode a t t opos s ha o de. e 6. 2. (t h r a lc be dsus t ef lo n mii m fr p oe to p o iins(n ld 4. 3 ç ee ppia l, ic s h ol wi g nmu ie rtcin r v so icu e W r q ie v . rvie )(mp a i a d d ; C 3 6 0 01 j14(a ) e urd $ p o d d e h ss d e ) UF - 0 - , - s me . Forisfnala gtme ,ATK c e t tdtwast Fie CodeRe t te ft ts tt t i r l nt ont nds ha i i he r por is l ha e he r q rme t frt ePrj c ' n ta S wa ç o ta t al o lg tdt . .n tl afr e uie n s o h oe t'a d h t NC s d nrcu l bi ae o . isal ie c y p oe to s se c mpyn wi t a a ay i. ( r tci n y tm o lig t h t n lss' ATK S p l pyBr a 9) Th c u t g e s h ' u p' Re l . t . e o r a r e wih SNC,howe r t tt sa g t ve , ha hi r umen i as una ii A ss tf t a ve t EFS cea l t s lo va lng. e orh bo , he l ry pr d t tt fr pr t c i desgn w a r uie t c or t t r quie e soft c s ovi ed ha he ie o e ton i s eq r d o onf m o he e r m nt he ode , sa r ,a s ikainslse i j6. 1. oft EFS.W hieoneoft lse c , tndads nd pecf to itd n 4. 2 he l he itd odes UFC 3- 01 a i t n,t EFS,r quied S C t rt i a e ne rt pe f m afr pr t c i 600- , nd,n ur he e r N o ean n ngi e o ror ie o e ton de i a l i , heEFS doe notsaet SNC wilbec r c ual bound t pe f m a 1oft sgn nayss t s t t hat l onta t ly o ror 1 he wor r c k e omm e d i t r por,i l ngwor whi m i tf l outi t s opeoft a t nde n he e t ncudi k ch gh a l sde he c he cual c r quie e s l e t rpor is fe ode e r m nt. nde d, he e t tel mpha iest ti û snoti e d t be a sz ha t û i nt nde o c pr ns ve r vi w ofa 1a i bl co r quie e s nori i a de a l d r vi w ofa 1 om ehe i e e l pplca e de e r m nt , s t t ie e e 1 d sg d c me tto . ( f' Tra Ex. 0a j 10)I se d t erp r i dc tsta i i e in o u n ai n' De.s il 9 t .. n ta , h e o t n iae h t t s ' i e ntnded io beutlz d a ade in g def rt va i e ne rng dicplne i t ç t iie s sg ui o he rous ngi e i s i i s n he c mpeinof h p oe t e ind c me t, n t b i ga tn int a yp tnil o eis e t o lto t e rjc d sg o u n s a d o rn te to o n oe ta c d su s o Auh rte Ha i Jzidcin. (d)Ac od n l i t ea e c o a ya pl a l c d to iis vng l s ito ' I . c r i gy,n h bsn e f n p i be o e r ' c r uie t t c tag ee wih SNC t tt me ef c t tt r po t o edt i t lai eq r men , he our r s t ha he r a t ha he e r pr pos he nsalton ofam a snotfc ton s t m di no c e t abi ngc r cualoblg ton. s ii ai yse d t r a e ndi onta t iai Fort r as nssa e t c ur c l he e o t t d, he o t oncudest tATK ha f ie t esa ih t tSNC wa ha s a ld o t bls ha s m a t by co r c ,t i t l am a snottc ton s t m a t NAC/ ndaed, nta t o nsal s ii a i yse t he SAC pln .Unde t at r he a i bl codepr sonsct d i t EFS,am a sno ii ai n s t m wa r quied onl i t pplca e ovii ie n he s tfc to yse se r y f he pl nthadbee r i l sa f d by ee n orm o epe s me . Bec us t e de a til a n outney t fe lve r ror l a e he vi nce t ra r ve l t tt NAC/ e aed ha he SAC i nor lyoc upi by onl t i vi l ,hec t ncl , s ma l c ed y wo ndi dua s t our co udes a am a troflw,t am a snottc ton s tm wa no r quiedunde t pa tes Conta t s te a hat s ii a i yse s te r r he ri ' rc. Ac o dngy, NC i e t ldt j d me to ATK' cam frb e c o c nr c p ran n t t e c r i l S s n ie o u g n n t S li o ra h f o ta t e tii g o h m a snotfc ton s t m,a SNC' r ne d moton wilbegr nt wih r s c t t scli . s i a i yse nd S e we i l a ed t e pe t o hi am B. Ri ht r Pum p and Cont olV al s c e r ve I isne s tofc er li , n t xt e ount ca ms ATK a s re t tt Riht rpump a con r val s s e td ha he c e nd tol ve i t l by SN C d d notf nc i pr pe l a t , ha SN C ' wor w ih r s tt t s ie s nsaled i u ton o r y nd, hus t t S k t e pec o he e t m c n t ue bohab e c o c nrc a dab e c o e p e swa rny ej r wa isn ce o si td t ra h f o ta t n ra h f x r s ra t .Th u y s n t ztd t t tATK wase il d t r co ront s cai i i f und t tATK esa ihedt es e i l ha ntte o e ve he e l ms f t o ha t bls he s nta eeme sofeiherca eofa ton. l nt t us ci 1 4 1. Br ach ofC ont act e r To t e e ATK s htt r c rf br a h ofc r c bas d on t non-u toni he xt nt oug o e ove or e c onta t e he f nci ng Riht pumpa c r vave ,s hcam wa brug ptrua t j9. oft pa te c er nd ontol l s uc li s o ht ls nt o 4 he ris' Conta t Seci n 9. tte û f c i wor 'pr vi sasf l : r c . to 4, ild t e tve ky o de De ' olows l c e a W o k i d ec i i a m a m e ,orot r s noti sr c n as ny r s ef tve n ny l r he wi e n tit co or a wiht r uie nt oft Contac ora ia el wsa nf m nce t he eq r me s he r t pplc bl a nd r g ai n , e ulto s ATK s al a t erg t i e t rj c i,e uieis h lh ve h ih et r o ee t tr q r t h c re to o a c p iwi a e utbea j sme tnt eCo ta tPrc or cin, r c e t t t n q i l du t n i h nrc ie h a orot c i r ton. ATK' a ce a eofnonc or ngW o k doe her onsde a i S c pt nc onf mi r s notr e e Co r c o fom iswa r nt orlt ntdef toblgai .Any elas nta t r r t ra y a e ec i tons W o kt a ha b e rjce o rq ie c re o s al er pa e o r h t s e n ee td r e ur s o rdin h lb e lc d r c r c ed by,a a t e or e t nd t he xpens oft Con r c or 1 ,a t rno i by e he t a t . f f e tce A TK ,Conta t f ist pr pty r pl ce o co r c a de e i W or r c or a l o om l e a r r e t ny f ctve k, ATK ma ()rp a eo c re ts c W o ka dc r et Co ta trt y:I e lc r o rc u h r n hag o nr co he c t n u rdb ATK i d i s ; i) emiaet Co ta ti os i c re y n ong o (i tr n t he n rc n a c r a c wih . .h Temiainf rDea l p o iin; n (i c o d n e t . te r n to o fut r vso a d i) i r quie ar duc i i prcet ti e tbl unde t cic sanc . e r e ton n i ha s quia e r he r um t es A TK m a e r s a o al oft f eg ng optonsa s h e r i e y xe ci e ny r l he or oi i nd uc xe c s s l no pr cudet e r ieofa o he rght unde t sConta t hal t e l he xe c s ny t r i s r hi r c. ( nrc j9. ) Co ta t 4. I s e i j g n a amatro 1w wihrs e tot b e c of o ta tcams S n e kng ud me t s t f a t ep c t he ra h c n rc li , NC e ag e t tATK fie t c mpl wi t en tc rq ie n s t o t i j94 Thsp riua r u s ha ald o o y t h oie e urme t e f rh n .. i a t lr h c a g e t asATK emphasze i isr pl bre , sno r ie durngti l Even i i was r um n , i s n t e y if wa t as d i ra . ft pr ry pr s r ed, ope l e e v howe r t c t gr swih ATK t tt a gumen i wihoutm e i. ve , he our a ee t ha he r ts t rt Ondie te a n to , b r M az ti S Sp oe te gn ei gma a e ,etfe rc x miain Ro et ret, NC' rjc n ie rn n g r tsiid t th wa rs nsbef ro es engt ep oe tst t h l t'whc i e tfe ie whih ha e s epo i l o v re i h rj c' d mc i , ih d niid tms c p s' weeic mpeeo rq ie f rh rwokb fr t ec mpeino teprj c.( 02 /01 Tra r n o lt r e u rd u te r eo e h o lt f h oe t 1 / 42 1 il o Tr a 96. Suc ie i l boht Ri trpumpa t c r val s M az ti . t ) h tms ncuded t he che nd he ontol ve . ret a know l d t tATK notted SN C abo de e tve pum ps durng t pt h ls pr es ,a c edge ha ii ut f c i i he mc i t oc s nd 15 t a S iv si ae t eis ewihtepl ma u a trr (d a 1 6 0 . Li e s , h t NC n e tg td h su t h l mp n fcu e . I . t 0 - 7) k wie M a ze t t tfedt the i tgae ATK' c r ti esii ha nvesi t d S ompli r a di t c r vaves andt the ant eg r ng he ontol l , ha wa a r t a ATK h drt re tev l st t ema u a trrf ris e to (d a 1 . s wae h t a eun d h ave o h n fcu e o n p cin. L= t 08) Ad iin ly J rdHe d ik, dto al, ae n rc ATK' p oe tma g r tsiidt a ATK a d S ds u sd S rj c na e ,etfe h t n NC ic se pr e wih t Riht rpump a co r vavesbe or t complton oft NAC/ obl ms t he c e nd ntol l f e he ei he SAC c mmiso i g ( 02 /01 Tra Tr a 3 - . o sin n . 1 / 82 1 il . t 940) Alh u hj94 o t eCo ta trq ie ATK t n tf S r g r iga yd fcie t o g . f h nrc e ur s o o iy NC e adn n ee tv wor t pr son doe no r quie a y pa tc arf m ofnotc Bas d on t t tmony k, he ovi i s t e r n riul or ie. e he esi sl a i d a lmm rze bove, her co d de t e r monsr t t tATK notfe SNC oft pr blm sas oca e taes ha ii d he o e s it d wih bo h t Riht rpump a t contolvave .l t a e e ofa r r mentast a t t he c e nd he r l s n he bs nc ny equie o s c fct ofnotc t co ti con nc d t tt pa tes dic sonsa s e nt pe ii ype ie, he ur s vi e ha he ri ' s us i nd ubs que i tgai stsyt notc pr sonofj9. a t tS Smotonmus bede e wih nvesi tons aif he ie ovii 4, nd ha NC' i t nid t r s c t t sa g e . e pe t o hi r um nt 2. Br ac ofA r y e h var any I a dii t s ki r co r unde abr ch ofc ta tt or ATK alo s n d ton o ee ng e ve y r ea on r c he y, s oughtt o r c rt cossofr parng a orr pl cngt Rihtrpump a c r vavesunde a e ove ht t e ii nd/ e a i he c e nd ontol l r b e c o war nyt e r .Th b e c o warn ycam i b sdo j1 . o tepate ' ra h f ra t h o y e ra h f ra t li s a e n 51 f h ris Conta t pur ua t w hi h SN C e es l w a r nt t tisw or t ilbe c pl t ,a c a e, r c , s nt o c xpr s y r a ed ha t kt l w om e e c ur t fe fom de e t , r soromisonsi e pmen ,ma e i ,c tuc in o de in f r s d, re r f c s eror s i n qui t t ral onsr to r sg u nihe a di c mpin ewihter q rme t o teCo ta t'( nr c j1 .. n n o la c t h e uie n s f h nr c. Co ta t 51) ' I mo n fr u g n a amatro lw wihrs e t ot eb e c o war nycams n vig o j d me t s te f a t ep c t h ra h f ra t li , S C a gue t tt c a m s f i be a e ATK di notofe e r t tm ony t pr t N r s ha he l i a l c us d f r xpe t es i o ove he 16 e se e ofapr tdef c .Fort f l ngr as , hec tc l xit nc oduc e t he olowi e ons t our oncudest tt sa g e ha hi r um nt i w ihoutm eri s t t. Themao iyo Vignac s sctdb S aep o u t la ii a t nsi whc j rt f r ii a e i y NC r r d cs ib ly ci n ih e t o p an if s u h t rc v rd ma e frp ro a ij re rs li fo alg dyd fcie litfs o g t o e o e a g s o e s n l nu is e ut r m le e l ee tv ng p o u t.S e eg, re t IR. iz rCo.l .51 S. 2 6 5( .1 9 ) J l- e Ic v. r d cs e , ..Gar tv.. W te .nc, 8 E.d 3 Va 9 9 ; ed W m n . Ga e 5 S, 2d393( .1 ) Log nv. ontomevW ad& Co.21 S. 2d68 ( . mbl, 01 E. Va 998 ; a M g r r , 9 E. 5 Va 1 7 ) Br wnv Ho a t r .5 Va Ci. 6 ( . r 2 0 ) Top e alnap o u t l b l y 9 5 ; o . b r Co p, 7 . r 2 9 Va Ci. 0 2 . rv i i r d cs i ii a t a ton t rVig ni l w, t rt c ei pr m ied onawa rnt t or o ane i e c i mde r i a a whehe he as s e s ra y he y r glg nce t or apli ifmus s ( )t tt pr uc c ai dadeec t trndeedit e ona y he y, antf t how 1 ha he od t ont ne f t ha e r tmras bl da r usf or nar orf e e a eus ( t tt dee te sedwhe t pr tlf t nge o or di y ors e bl e; 2) ha he fc xit n he oduc ethe d f n a tsh n s a d( )ta ted fc a t al c u e t epanifsij y.Log n, 9 ee d n ' a d ; n 3 h t h e e t cu l a s d h litf nur y a 21 S. 2 a 6 7 s eas Alv o cr sv. c n e Co.9 F.d41 , 2 (t Ci.1 9 ) I E.d t 8 ; e lo e r ma io He hig r , 93 2 7 4 0 4 h r 9 3 . n s c c s s çe x e tetmo yi u ual n c say. .oetbihd f ci n s o u h a e ,t l p r tsi n s s l e e s r . t sa ls ee t e s r g y ve d n eo n s o t ep o u t (n )c u ain. ChalsE. re d P ro a l u yLa i a g r us e s f h r d c, a d a s to ' re F in , e s n lnir w n ' Vignaj 1 . ( de . 0 3 ; e as W rg t E1Lil & Co.6 Va Ci.1 5 2 2( . r r ii 93 3 d 2 0 ) s e lo ih v. i l y , 6 . r 9 , 2 Va Ci. 20) 0 4. The i t ntca e,ofc s ,i no apr uc sla lt a ton.l i a c nsa s our e s t od t ibiiy c i t s omm eci r al c tu ton c e, n whi h SNC e es l wa r nt dt tiswor woul beS m plt a ur t , onsr c i as i c xpr sy ra e ha t k d l co e e, cc a e fe fom de e t ,e sorom isonsi e pm e ,ma e i ,c tuc in orde in f r s re r f c s nor s i n qui nt t ral onsr to sg u nihed, a i c inc wiht r rme soft c ta t' ( ta tj 1 1) Coursha nd n ompla e t he equie nt he onrc.' Conrc 5.. t ve r c ze t co me cilc s sivol ng a a lge vi ai ofa e e swa r nt a e e ogni d hat m r a a e n vi n le d olton n xpr s ra y r ditng s efom pr t labiiyca e , ndt tt yaeno ne esaiys jc t t s si uihabl r oducs i lt s s a ha he r t c s rl ube t o he ame 17 e de ir r quie e s e, g.RM A Lumber l v. one rM a h.LLC,Ca e. 6: vi nta y e r m nt .Se e. , . nc. Pi e c . s No. 08 c 00023,2009U. Dit LEXI 1 vS. s. S 08346,a * n. ( . Va. t 22 6 W D. Nov.1 2009)( clni t 9, de i ng o t ket postont te r t si on i r quiedt esa ih abr c ofe es wa r t a he ii ha xpe t e tm y s e r o t bls ea h xpr s ran y c nan di ac mme ca c nr c) I t i c s,h c u t g e swi ATK t a aly ro o t ie n o ril o ta t. n hs a e te o r a re t h h t a pes n co d de e mi whe he ornott Riht rpum p a c r val si t ld by SNC s tsi d ul t r ne t r he c e nd ontol ve nsale aife t e e swa r nt pr son, nd t tno e r t si o wasr r d. he xpr s ra y ovii a ha xpe t e tm ny equie Addii l t co ta e swih ATK t tt l yt si o pr s nt d byATK was tonaly, he ur gr e t ha he a e tm ny e e e s fcintt e tbls isbr c ofwa r nt cli s J r d He ik t sii d t tt c r ufi e o sa ih t ea h ra y am . a e ndrc e tfe ha he ontol val ha notf tone pr ry a hede c i d t m af tons Li wie He ik ves ve unci d ope l nd s rbe he lunc i . ke s , ndrc tsiidrg r i t ed t rusfiu e o t eRih e p u s' ( 02 / 01 Tra Tr a 1 5 etfe e adng h E l o alrs f h c tr tnp . 1 / 72 1 il . t 7 ; n me ' 1 / 82 1Tra Tr a 4 . I l h o s c tsi n , u yc u dr a o a yfn t a S S 0 2 / 01 il . t 2) n i t f u h e t y aj r o l e s n bl i d h t NC' g mo wor wih r s c t t vavesa ptmpswasnot(feefom de e t , r r oromi sonsi k t e pe t o he l nd l tr r f c s ero s si n e pm e , a e i ,c tuc in,o desg f r s d,' sr quiedby t e e swa r nt qui nt m t ral onsr to r i n u nihe 'a e r he xpr s ra y pr so i t Conta t Ac r i l SNC' r ne d moto wilbede e wih r pec t ovii n n he r c . co dngy, S e we in l ni d t es t o t s c ai s he e l m . C. C hil ler S as se s u g n a amatro lw wi rs e tt ATK' c u tr li fr NC lo e k j d me t s te f a t e p c o h S o n ecam o br ac ofc r tpe ti ngt t c le .Attil ATK e ubls d t tS C' c ler e h ontac rani o he hilr ra , s ihe ha N S hil i tl to viltdteNain l e tia Co e(( EC' a d tu ,h p ris Co ta t S nsal in oae h to a Elcrc l d t ' n ,h s t e a t ' nrc . NC a ' ) N e none he es a gue t tA TK i note il d t pr va lon isbr a h ofco r c c ai ,s nc A TK t l s r s ha s ntte o e i t ec nt a t l m i e . f ie t m ii t is da ag . S C e pha i est tATK c d ha r quesed a va i nc f a l d o tga e t m es N m s z ha oul ve e t ra e or 18 t NEC vi ai whi i gr nt woul ha pr ve e ATK fom i uri t c t he ol ton, ch, f a ed, d ve e nt d r nc rng he oss r uie t r m e t i t lai n de e t eq r d o e dy he nsal to f c . Topr valo ac am f br a o co r c unde Vigi alw , pl i ifm us esa ih e i n l i or e ch f nta t r r ni a a antf t t bls tle ee ns ç 1 alg lye fr e beo iai nof h d fn a t otep an if ( )te l e lme t:( ) e al n oc a l bl to t e ee d n t h litf; 2 h r ( g d f n a tsvolto o b e c o ta o iain a d( )ij r o d ma et tep an ifc u e e e d n ' i ain r r a h f h t bl to ; n 3 nu y r a g o h litf a s d g b teb e c o o lg to . S mieCo tn i Cae LLC v. rg t 6 S. 2 1 2,1 5( . y h r a h f b iai n' u s n iung r . ' W ih , 71 E.d 3 3 Va 2 0 )(n en lctto a dq oainmak o te ) I t i c s ,t su dip tdta ATK 0 9 itr a iai n n u tto r s mitd . n hs ae ii n s u e h t s tsi d e h oft eelm e t a til S C di no de y t tisi t lai oft c le a ife ac hes e n s t ra . N d t n ha t nsal ton he hilr vi a e t NEC a t Conta t nde d,Robe t a z tia m itd t t vi a in o die t olt d he nd he r c .I e r M r e t d te o he olto n r c e mi to l a ton, a e He i kt sii d t tt Conta tr quied c xa nai n. n ddii J r d ndrc e tfe ha he r c e r ompla ewih t inc t he NEC a t tt c r nti t la i oft c le vi aest NEC.He ik as de c i t nd ha he ure nsa lton he hilr ol t he ndrc lo s rbed he a tonst tmus bet ke i or rr ciy t vi a i Ba e on t t tmony ofM a ze t a c i ha t a n n de e tf he olton. s d he esi r ti nd He d ik,h c u tsc n ic dt a tej r h ds fiin e ie et tn S la l o n rc t e o r i o vn e h th u y a u fce t v d nc o i d NC ibe n A TK ' c le c ai . S hil r l m W hie SNC a g st tATK c d ha m ii t d isda a s t sa gume pr vi sno l r ue ha oul ve tga e t m ge , hi r nt o de b sst d su t h j r sfn igi fv ro ATK d rn t ela ii p a e AsATK a i o ir p t e u y' i dn n a o f u ig h ib ly h s . t e mpha iesi isbrefi o sz n t i n pposton,t m ii a i ofda gesi notan ee e ofa b ea h of ii he tg ton ma s lm nt r c c r tcli t rVigi alw, a a fr ai dee et t(hepa t t tbr ac d t ontac am mde r ni a but n fim tve fns ha t t ry ha e he he c r c bea st bur n ofpr vi .. b a pr po r nce oft e de e. J l s v. ont a t r he de o ng . y e nde a he vi nc ' o m on ' W as ngon,Ca eNo.2: v204,2008U. DitLEXI 2408 a *1 ( D. M a .1 hi t s 07c S. s. S 2, t 4 E. Va. r 2, 2008 (ii Fox- lrv. ri RoofngCo.327S. 2d95( .1 ) l a to ) ctng sade Nors i , E. Va 985). n ddiin, Gl nlkemos afr tvedee e , tg tonofda esi notadee et t ipr n, dul i t fimai fns s miiai mag s fns ha,f ove 19 co tt e a a ol e ba t t pli tf scli . M o ha v.Obi iM e M g . r .I , nsiut s n bs ut r o he a n if am ' na n ' c d. mt Se vs. nc. 628S. 2d 33 3 ( .2006) I t d,ii adefns t tma rducet a E. 0, 37 Va . nsea t s e e ha y e he mountofda ge ma s apl ntf i entte t r c rafe la lt hasbe n f ai if s ild o e ove tr i biiy e ound,l ;s ealo BilrI t e d. e s te nvesm nt V e ur 1 . nt e I LLC v. a at A s and Pe r e l .LLC , s N o.1 04- - TLS, 1 U . M r hon hl t ol lm Ca e : CV 477201 S. Dit L S 1 6 6 , t# 9( D.n De . 0 2 1 (i-eDee d nso frab if s. EXI 4 6 3 a 7 N. I d. c 2 , 01 ) çl -h fn a t fe re , unde l veoped a gume t tt Pli if ha f ie t mii t da a s a t Pli tfs ... r nt ha he antfs ve a ld o tga e m ge , nd he a n if ' cai ss d t r o ef i. To bes e, he ei adut t m ii a eda a si apl i ifwihes l m houl he ef r a l ur t r s y o tg t m ge f antf s t r co on ac r c .Butast Pl i if a gue, hed yt mii t i a a fr tve de e e o e ver onta t he antfs r t ut o tga e s n fimai f ns t r duc t n oun ofda a sa de e ntmus pa notade e et labiiy ....l t o e e he m t m ge f nda t y, f ns o i lt f he De e an sa ef md la et t Pl ntf sf da ge , he e de e o t Pli if 'al ge f nd t r ot ibl o he ai if or ma s t n vi nc f he antfs le d f l et mii t wilberlva . J on, 08U. Dit LEXI 2408 a *1 1 ( a i aiur o tgae l ee nt' ohns 20 ); S. s. S 2 t 2- 3 grntng s mmayj d me ti fv ro ted fn a to isc u tr li f rb e c o c n rc, n te u r u g n n a o f h e e d n n t o necam o r a h f o ta ta d h n pr ee ng t c i rt pli ifsm ii a i de e ei de e ni t a ountofda a s oc di o onsde he antf ' tg ton f ns n t nni ng he m m ge t whc t ed fn a t se tte ) o ih h ee d n wa nild . I ti c s , o sse twihtef rg igc s lw,h c u t e l e t gv t j r a n h s a e c n itn t h o e on a e a te o r d ci d o ie he u y n m ii to i t ci d zi t la lt pha eoftil Thec t e t ts h i tuci n,i tgai n nsnz ton trng he ibiiy s ra . our not d ha uc nsr to f ne es a y,woul begi n dti t da a sphas oft ca e. See 1 31201 Tra Tr a 23 c sr d ve u ng he m ge e he s 0/ / 1 il . t ($ t ee tn t a t eesan c siyf ramiiainisr cin, wil iei a p l o te $ h x e t h t h r ' e e st o To tg to n tu to l l gv t s a4 f h d ma ep a eo t ec s .) 1 a 1 4(S lm g igt s n (h c lelcam t tejl a a g h s f h a e' ;d. t 3 ç o ' on o e d te hi r li o h t y s ' i l r wel t l, hough wih t t rt ndi t ti ave di i r t ne i fvo ofATK on t tcai , t he mde sa ng ha f r ct s eur d n a r ha l m t tyo wilbee ildt amii to i tucin,(nd)ha t s cilver c f r i tuced ha u l ntte o tgain nsr to a ve he pe a dit om nsr t a cor ngl ' .Rahe t nha ngt j yde et meatr ofdama sa s itdwiht c di y.) t r ha vi he ur dd he sle ' ge socae t he 20 c ilrcam, NC ulmaeya r e , ro t rc iigtej r ' v r ito la ii ,osiu ae h l li S e t tl g e d p ir o e evn h u ys ed c n iblt t tp lt i y t t n oun ofda est tATK woul bee ild t r co ro isc le cli i ATK o he m t mag ha d ntte o e ve n t hilr am f pr vaied d i t la lt phas Cons que l t pa tesdi notpr e e denc dlrng e l urng he ibiiy e. e nty, he ri d es nt vi e zi ted ma e p a er g r igtec i e o S Smig to d fn e a dt j r wa n t s e h a g s h s e adn h hl r r NC' t ain ee s , n he u y s o a k d l i t de e mi t a o t r ne he mountofda est tATK wa e il d t r c rt r med t i t la i mag ha s ntte o e ove o e y he nsa lton de ec . f t Unde t s c r umsa e ,t c t sco nc d t tSNC' m oto m us bede e r he e ic tnc s he our i nvi e ha S in t ni d w ih r pe tt t scli .Si et mii ton ofd ge i no a a fr tvede ens t t es c o hi a m nc he tga i nma s s t n fima i f eo labiiy,a snc net rt c lerca m nort mii ton de e ewa pr en e durng t i lt nd i e ihe he hil li he tga i f ns s es t d i he d ma e p s , NC i n t n ildt j g n a amatro 1w o tebai o t sd fn e a g s hae S s o e tte o ud me t s te f a n h ss f hi ee s . S eBa c c v. ls uhAd e . Pu ' Co p, 4 F.d7 , 6( t Ci. 0 )(çu g n a e b o k Bel o t v r & b g r .3 8 3 3 7 4h r 2 03 s d me t s l ama troflw i a o it onl whe t pa t hasbe n f lyhea d on a is a t r i no te a s ppr pra e y n a ry e ul r n s ue nd he e s lg l s fiin e i e tayb ssf rara o a l j r t f df rt a p ryo ta is .) e al u fce t v d nir a i o e s n be u y o i o h t at n h t sue' y n ' (u tn Fe . Ci P. 0 a( ).Ac odigy S Srn we mo inwi as b d ne wih q o ig d R. v. 5 ()1) c r n l, NC' e e d to l lo e e id t l r pe tt ATK ' c le cl i . es c o S hil r a m I. I ATK' Rul 50( M oi S e b) ton Fo isp r, r t a tATK ha mo e fr u g n a amatro 1w o S Sa c lrto s v d o j d me t s te f a n NC' c eeai n cl m ,hr ai t ough whih SNC s c oughtt r c rc t t ta os whe ATK r us t gr n a o e ove oss ha r e n ef ed o a t n extnso oftm ef weahe -e aeddelysa r uie SNC t a r t t orgi ld dlne e i n i or t rr l t a nd eq r d o dhe e o he i na ea i stf rhi t eCo ta t ej r f t i fv ro S o ti cam a da r e d ma e i e o t n h nr c.Th u y omd n a o f NC n h s li n wad d a g s n t a mtof$332, 00.I se ngj me asamatroflw, he mot 800. n e ki udg nt te a ATK ague t tSNC was r s ha r r d t pr de t tde a notc ofa c t u tve or rt ac e er t ' a t tATK f ied equie o ovi t - ni l i e pos ons r c i de o c l a e, nd ha ' al t 1151t sr uie .( Br i Supp.ofM ota 1) ATK as aguest tt e de e o t. hi eq rment ATK .n 1 .t . lo r ha he vi nc 21 wa i u fce t o ar a o a l j r t fn t a S p o el rq e tdat e tn ino ta s ns fiin f r e s n be u y o id h t NC r p ry e u se i x e so r h t me ATK t e onabl f l orr f edt g an t r quesed e e i Fo t r s t t mr as y aied e us o r t he e t xtnson. r he ea ons ha f l t cou tfndse c ofATK ' a g e t u r uasve. olow, he r i ah S r um n s npe s i A. T he E l m e sofC ons r tve A c el r i e nt t uc i c e at on Ac l rto ca msf l it t ge r lcae i : a msf acuala cee a i whih ce e ai n li al n o wo ne a tgores cli or t c lr ton, c a iewhe aco r c o ha be n e e sy or r t pik up t pac ofwor a c am sf zs n nta t r s e xpr s l de ed o c he e k; nd l i or c n tu t a c lrt n, ihaie a i ti c s,t e ac n rco ha aj siidcam f r o sr ci c eeai whc rs , s n h s a e i n o ta tr s u tfe li o ve o wh a e tn ino t , u i r q ie t ic ra dt n l x e s sbe a et p oe to e n x e so f i b t s e urd o n u d io a e p n e c us he rjc wn r me i r f s st ga thee tn in a drq ie tec nr co t c mplt tep o e t yteo iia eu e o r n t xe so n e urs h o ta tr o o ee h rj c b h rgn l c ein dae. Shema R.SmootCo. Stt ofOhi 736N. 2d69,78( oCt App. omplto t ' r n ' v. ae o, E. Ohi . 20 0 ; e as En r tc Co . Teme seValyAuh.71 F. u p. 9 1 2( . Ky. 0 ) s e lo vioe h p v. l se l e t , 5 S p 1 0, 9 W D. 1 8 (-h b ssf rrc v rn frc nsr ciea c lrto i t thec nr co e c u trd 98 ) tl e a i o e o e ig o o tu tv c eeain s ha t o ta tr n o n ee ta e us bl de a butt c r ci ofi e woul notg a tatm ee e i t r ove t l t n xc a e ly he onta tng fc r d r n i xt nson o ec r he os t . . l Thepa te ha notciedt a ca e 1w fom t Unied Stt Cour ofAppe l f t ris ve t o ny s a r he t a es t a s or he Fourh Cic to t Vigi aSupr m eCo tr c zi o a yi ac t u tveac e e ai n t r ui r he r ni e ur e ogni ng r ppl ng onsr c i c l r to cam .No eh ls , o tu t ea c lrto Gsrc g ie i ma yj rs ito , M t d c & li n t ee s c nsr ci c eeai n û e o nz d n n u id cins' l o k v i ' r S n Co sr.n . . h e Ge rl n t.I c, 61F.d 8 7, 41( t Ci, 0 6 , n t e o s n t.Ic v Go e n nea Co sr.n .4 3 3 8 7h r 2 0 ) a d h pa tesdo notdiput t ts acai i vi eunde Vigi a lw, ri s e ha uch l m s abl r r ni a 6 6Acc di t t pari , t onl deci on by af alcour i Vigi a i vi a cl m of or ng o he tes he y si eder t n r ni nvol ng ai c sr tv a c lr to i M c vt & Sr e Co. Ma ro t p, 3F. pp. 6( D. .1 9 . on tucie c ee ain s De it te t v. rit Cor .71 Su 90 E. Va 98 ) l isbrifdicusson oft scl m ,t M cDevitCour sat t tda contac orm a onl r nt e s i hi ai he t t t ed ha ç r t y y ecove f t r or he i r s dc sso a c lr toni ic ne tbls t r eprdiaes $1 ta a y d lysgvi rs t t ncea e o t f c eeai f t a sa ih h e e c t : ( ) h t n ea i ng ie o he o d rwe ee u a e,2)t t h c nta t wa o dee t a c lrt , n ()t tt ec nta t i fc r e r xc s bl ( ha t e o rcor s r r d o c eea e a d 3 ha h o rcor n a t a c lrt dpef r nc a ic r de tac ss''d. t91 ( uo i No arEnc' Cor v. td c ee ae ro ma e nd n ure x r o t.'l a 5 q tng r i a p. Unie Stt , 6F. 5 5 ( . .1 :.Th Cou tutmaey h l t c n rcorsa c lrto cam aes 66 2d 46, 48 Ct Cl 981 e r li t l ed he o ta t ' c eea in li f l becauset c r ordi note aied he ontact d ncount any excus e del . l er abl ays d. 22 Th mao iyof a e iv li camsf rc n tu t ea c lrto h v b e lt ae i e j rt c s s n ovng li o o sr ci c eeain a e e n ii td n v g t f de a a nc a he e r l ge y ppea s boa ds a t Unie St t s Cour ofFe r Cl m s a ha l r nd he t d a e t de al ai , nd ve i ve co tuci orpr ur m e co r c swih t f r lgove n t Se Stve G. . nvol d nsr ton oc e nt nta t t he ede a r men . e e n M St n,Consr ci La P 6. ( xiNe s201 ;Bar B. a e& M i e T.Calha ei tu ton w, 12 Le s xi 2) ry Brmbl cha l la n, Co t cinDea Cli ,j6.5( e ta 2 2 .Th t e r h sas b e uiie , o v r nsnzto lv ams 0 W slw 01 ) e h o y a lo e n tl d h we e , z i c s s i vi c ai sa i tprva e co r c or ,a w e lass a e a l lgove nm en n a e nvol ng l m ga ns i t nt a t s s l t t nd oca r t e ii . Se e. , ur k & Sons Co t . l ,461F. a 838,M c e t & Stee Co. nttes e, g. M doc nsr. nc. 3d t . D vit ' r t v. M a i t Co p.71 F. u p. 0 91 ( D. . 9 9 ; vr tc , 5F. u p. t1 ; n ot r , 3 S p 9 6, 5 E. Va 1 8 ) En io e h 71 S p a 91 She m a R.Sm ootCo. 7 N. 2d a 72; u- n Cop . St t ofllnoi ,5 11 Ct Cl 5 51 r n , 36 E. t Fr co v. a e li s 0 1. . . 0, (1. . . 9 6 ; p' o Trn p v. i Co sr Co, 6 A.d7 3 7 6( . mmw. . 11 Ct C1 1 9 ) De t f a s . Ano n t. .6 6 2 5 , 5 Pa Co Ct 1 . 995) l rzigo ATK' moinf rs mmayj d me t t r s e tt t scam,h c u t n tn n l S to o u r u g n wi e p c o hi li te o r h r cog z d t dif r ntf mul to ha be us d i s ti f t t r quiieeeme sof e nie hat fe e or ai ns ve en e n e tng orh he e st l nt c t c i a c l r ton.Theco tuli a ey a pt d t sn r s tf t byt Unied onsnltve c e e a i ur tm t l do e he fnda d e orh he t St t sCour ofAppea sf t Se nt Cic ti M ur k & SonsCo tu ton. nc.461F. ae t l or he ve h r ui n doc nsr c i l , 3d a 8 whi h a s i l d ac tu ton dip ebewe n t prva ee iis Spect al t t 40, c lo nvove onsr c i s ut t e wo i t ntte . ik ly,he c t l t tSN C woul ber uie t pr t f l ngelm e t i or rt pr valon is our hed ha d eq r d o ove he olowi e n s n de o e i t c tu tveac elrtoncam:( )t tSNC expeinc a exc a edea e ilngit a onsr ci c eai li 1 ha re ed n us bl ly ntti t o tmee tnso ()t a S p o e l r q e tdtee tn in ( )ta ATK fie o rf e t i x e in; 2 h t NC r p ry e u se h x e so ; 3 h t ald r eusd o g a therq e tde tnso ( ) h t r n t e u se xe in: 4 t a ATK d ma d dta tep o e t ec mp ee b te e n e h t h rj c b o ltd y h orgi c ei de dlnede piet e usbl dea a ()t tS a ualya ceeae i nal omplton a i s t he xc a e ly; nd 5 ha NC ct l c lrtd t wor i or rt c eet prjc b t orgi lco ei daea i ure a d he k n de o omplt he oe t y he i na mplton t nd nc rd dde 23 c ssa ars l.S eMu d c 46 F.da 8 0(eerdt b tep risi t i c s a te o t s e ut e r o k, 1 3 t 4 rfre o y h a t n hs a e s h e S ur kt f' 7 t doc es ) M l mo n f r u g n a amatro lw, n vig o j d me t s te f a ATK agu s a i ddo s mmayj d me t r e, s t i n u r u g n a a ti ,t tç tde a notc ofac tu tveor rt a elr t 'i a es e ta e e nt nd t ral ha ç - ni l ie pos onsr c i de o cc e ae' s n s n i l l me o c n tu tv a c lrto a d tu ,h theMu d c ts i ic mp ee ( Br i Su . f f o sr cie c eeain n ,h s t a t r o k et s n o lt. ATK .n pp o Mo . t12. ATK ctst eUntdS ae Co r o Ap e l f rt F dea Cic i' d cso i ta - ) ie h ie tts u t f p as o he e rl ruts e iin n F a e Co t. . UntdS ae , 4F.d 1 5 ( d Ci. 0 4 ,nwh c teCo r stf rh r sr nsr Co v. ie tts 38 3 3 4 Fe . r 2 0 ) i ih h u t e o t fveelm e st tmus be s tsi d i or rt pr vai on ac tu tveac e e ai cai .For i e nt ha t a ife n de o e l onsr c i c l r ton l m t f t ee ntt Cour sae t tdhegove n nt( t i itjonco ei oft he ourh lme ,he t ttd ha ' t r me mus) nssl mplton he c r twihi ape i s trt n t perod t whih t co r c orwoul be e ild by ontac t n rod hore ha he i o c he nta t d ntte t ki i o ac ountt pe i ofe us bl de a a trwhi ht c r corr uslnottvlt a ng nt c he rod xc a e ly, fe c he onta t m t il he go nme t ti r ar d t al edor rt a c l r t asa c tuci c ng t t ver nt ha t eg de he leg de o c e e ae onsr tve ha e o he c nrc . l a 1 61(mp a i a d d .Reyn o F a e a dohe d cso ivovigcams o ta t' d. t 3 e h ss d e ) lig n r sr n t r e iins n l n li ' agans t Unied St es ATK m ant i t ti tde a notc ofaco t c i o de t i t he t at , i ans ha i - ni l i e pos nsnztve r r o a c lrt'i û e urdb lw. ( Br i S p . f o . t1) c eeae's t q ie y a ' ATK .n u p o M ta . r ' 1I M ur k, t Sevent Cicui r i upon t el e sdes ri by t Ohi Cour of n doc he h r t eled he em nt c bed he o t Appeal i Sher R.Sm ootCo. 736N . 2d at78. Thesamet thasbee utlzed by ot c s, sn man , E. es n ii her ourt i udi t Unied St esDiti Cour f t W eser D it itofKent t a t Cour ofCl m s ncl ng he t at srct t or he t n src ucl nd he y t ai ofIlnoi SeeEnviot 715F.Supp.at1 Fr con Cor ,50 11 Ct Cl at93. Li s t e ies li s. r ech, 92; up. 1. . . kewie, r ats on consr ton 1 ha s f t t s ebasc el e sne sa y t e t blsh a cl m f cons r i tuc i aw ve et orh he am i em nt ces r o s a i ai or tuctve a c lrto Se ,ec, sr to La a P 6.2CTheba i elme sofac tu tvea c lrto c ee ain. e ..Con tucin w t 1 sc e nt onsr ci c ee ain cam aewel sa ih d:( )e u a edea ( no iet t dee a toft e u a ed lya li r le tbl e 1 xc s bl ly; 2) tc o he fnd n he xc s bl ea nd s r q s f ra e tnso oftme ( )rf a o f iu et g a tt r q se e t n inwihi a e ue t o n xe in i ; 3 eus l r alr o r n he e ue td x e so t n r a o bl tme ( a e r s o i le or rt a c lrt ; nd( )a t a a c lrto ' ; e s na e i ; 4) n xp e s r mpid de o c ee ae a 5 c u l c ee ain.) ' Consr ci Dea Cli a j6. (a ) s eas S e e B. se & Da e L. al c The tu ton ly ams t 05 s me ; e lo tph n Le s r nil W l h, a Twel Deadl Si An OwnersGui t Avoi na Li lw Forl pled Oblca i DurnMt ve y ns: ' de o di abii m i i tons i he Con tuci ofaPr e t TheCo tuci La r 28Co t. wye l ,W itr20 (etn f t sr ton oic, nsr ton wye, nsr La r 5 n e 08 stig orh t s mefveee nsne e s r t prval acam f c nsr c i a c lrto . he a i lme t c sa y o e ion li or o tu tve c ee ain) 24 W hie t ac e e a i c e de i edby t Fe r Cic ta t Boa dsofConta t l he c l r ton as s c d he de al r ui nd he r rc A ppea s a e i t uc i ,t c r i una e t c urwih ATK ' s l r ns r tve he ou t s bl o onc t S ugge to t tt y a e s i n ha he r c r lng i t i t ntc e,sncet y i vecli sa ns t Unie St t .Asnot d i ontoli n he nsa as i he nvol am gai t he t d aes e n s ve a oft m or r c ntc t uc i a c e a i c s s i vi cl i sag ns t f de a e r l he e e e ons r tve c el r ton a e nvol ng a m ai t he e r l go r nt i udi Fr s r s h cli sa ns t Unie Stt sa ebr ve nme , ncl ng a e , uc am gai t he td a e r oughtpur ua t t s nt o he sa r c nge ca e, c i r quie f rm os f de a co tu ton c r c s pur ua t 48 t nda d ha s lus whih s e r d o t e r l nsr c i onta t, s nt o C. R. 5 2 3 4.S eFrs r 3 4F.da 1 6 ( oi t t cam frc n tu t F. j 2.4 - e a e, 8 3 t 3 0 n t ha a li o o sr ci ng ve a c eai (aie t rt c ng clus ' sealoAz ev. t Stt ,Cas No.96c elrton çrs s mde he ha es a e); e s ur Unied aes e 5 5 1 9 U.. p. 0 4, 9 7 S Ap LEXI 2 3 5 a * ( d. r Oc. 4 1 9 )(s e t esa ad S 9 6 , t 7 Fe Ci. t2 , 9 7 ç r h tnd r und c nge c a e c a ne i t sc nta t t gove nme m a m a ac nget t c r t ha s l us onti d n hi o r c , he r nt y ke ha o he ontac, i cu i ga o d rt a c lrt wo k a dma ea e utbl a j t n f rt wo k.)(i n n ld n n r e o c eeae r , n k n q i e dusme t o he r ' ct g a ' i 48C. R.j5 .4 - ) Edg Co t. v UntdS ae , Fe . . 0 , 21( e . . 01 ) F. 22 3 4 ; e nsr Co. . ie tts 95 d Cl4 7 4 F d Cl2 0 (ç c lr t n-a ta o c n tu tv - i ab ssu o whc ac nrco mih bea l t ç eeai Ac o cu l r o sr cie s a i p n ih o ta tr g t be o r c ve d ma e fru us al sv r we t e .)(iig4 C. R. 2.4 - ) e o r a g s o n u ly e e e ah r' ctn 8 F. 5 2 3 4 . ' Se ton 52. 4 oft Fe r Ac ston Re a i s cii al pe mist ci 243he de al quiii gultons pe fc ly r t he co r c i ofi rt is ac ng o de die tngac e e ai n i t pe f r a eoft wo k, nta tng tce o s ue ha e r r r c i c l r to n he r o m nc he r a e e syr uie aco r t t s t ti no ii dt c r ci ofi e t ti r ga de nd xpr s l eq r s ntacor o how ha t tfe he onta tng fc r ha t e r d a ot wrten o o alc ny her it r r omm unia i c usng a c e a i a ac ng or r Ther gulton c ton a i c elr ton s ha e de . e ai pr des i pe t ntpa t a f l s ovi , n ri ne r , s olow : () a TheContaci Ofierma a a tme, t tnotc t t s ei ,i r tng fc y, t ny i wihou ie o he urtes f a b wrte o de de i t o i c t d t be a c nge or r m a ny, y it n r r s gna ed r ndi a e o ha de , ke c nges i t wor w ihi t ge r l s ope of t c r c ,i l ng ha n he k t n he ne a c he ont a t nc udi changes- () 1 l t s cfc tons(ncudi drwi anddesg l n he pe iiai i l ng a ngs ins; () 2 I temeh do ma n ro p roma c o tewo k n h to r n e f e fr n e f h r ; ( 3) I t Gove n tf s dpr ryors r ce ;o n he r men-umihe ope t evi s r () 4 Die t a c lrto i t ep ro ma c o tewo k r ci c eeain n h ef r n e f h r . ng () b An oh r i e o o a od r( ih, s e i t i p r ga ( ,n ld s y t e wrt n r rl r e whc a usd n h s aa rph b) icu e t dr cin,nsr cin itmrtto o d tr n to ) r m teCo ta t ie to i tu to ,ne eain, r eemiain fo h nr ci ng Ofk e t tc us a c ng s l be te td a a c nge or runde t s t r ha a es ha e hal r ae s ha de r hi c a e;pr vi t t t Conta t gi t Co r c o wrte notc l us o ded ha he r cor ves he nta t r itn ie saiz( )t ed t , ic msa c s a ds u c o teo d ra d ()ta te ttn 1 h ae cru tn e , n o re f h r e n 2 h t h Cont a t r a dst or rasa c ng o de . r c or ec r he de ha e r r 48C. R,j52. 4(mphassa d) F. 243- e i dde .Coursa c t nd omme aor ha r ogniedt tii t s ntt s ve ec z ha t s hi r ul ton t tpr de t ba i f t notc r uie ntr er nc d i Fr e . Se e. , u eg a i ha ovi s he ss or he ie eq r me ef e e n as r e, g.Fr - Co Co sr Co p. UntdS ae , 3F d C13 6 3 9 3 5n 5 ( e . .1 9 )(iigt e n n t. r v. i tts 4 e . . 0 , 2 , 3 . 0 F d Cl 9 9 ctn h e c rc pr vii ba e on48C. R.j52. 4ande szi t tçhec rc r quie onta t o son s d F. 243mpha i ng ha ç onta t e rd t pli ift pr dem itnnotc i ...tbeive iwasbengdiece t a c eael;Caf antf o ovi te ie f i le d t i r td o c elrt' lon Co sr.nc v. ie S e ,1 ClCt4 6 4 8( . .1 8 )(-h Ch ng sca s sae t a n t.I . Un td àts 8 . . 2 , 3 C1Ct 9 9 tf e a e lu e tts h t d' i t c r t r cevesdie to fom t c r c i ofk e t tc nge t c r c a i f he ontacor e i r ci n r he onta tng t r ha ha s he onta t nd s no a ompa e by af malc ngeor r t con r c o mus pr d wrte no i t t t cc nid or ha de , he ta t r t ovi e itn tce o he c nrcigo fc rta i c n iest eo d rac a g i t ec nr c. J hnCiii, r, lh o ta tn fie h tt o sd r h r e h n e n h o ta tl; o ' bnc J .Rap C. h, r & J me F. gl Admi srton o Go r ntConta t Ch. jV ( he Nas J . a s Na e, nitai f venme r cs 4, 4t d. 2 0 )(o igt t4 C. R. 5 .4 - *)ûe ur sm itnn tc o c n tu tv a c lrto 0 6 n tn ha 8 F. j 22 3 4 i q ie te oie f o sr ci e c eeain r o d r' Go r me tCo ta t: w. mi itainPr c d r j283 0( atrW is ne ) r es); ve n n nrcs La Ad nsrto o e u e ,0 W l e lo d. ( x s x s2 2 (ç tec ne to ac n tu to c n rc,hec nr co mus as s o ta Le iNe i 01 ) çn h o tx f o sr cin o ta tt o ta tr t lo h w h t 1 i notfed t c r c i ofi e w ihi 30 da t tt go r e ' a e e a i n or rwasa t ii he ont a tng fc r t n ys ha he ve nm nt s cc l r to de c tuci c nge' (ii 48C. R.j52. 4 . onsr tve ha .) ctng ' F. 243-) 26 UnlkeFr s ra t c esct d t r i t f de algo nme i notapa t t t i a e nd he as ie he e n, he e r ver nt s ry o he c nr c i t ei sa t a e a dteei n id c to t a t Co ta ti oh r s s be to o ta t n h n tn c s , n h r s o n iain h the nrc s te wie u jc t j52. 4.Acc di y,t c trmai c vi e t tFr e i notcontoli i t i t 243or ngl he our e ns on nc d ha asr s r lng n he nsnnt c e,a t tl tde alnotc ofac tu tveor rt a ee ae'i no t e r d b l w'i as nd ha t - ni pos ie onsr c i de o cc lr t ' s t t quie y a ' n r e eya to ivovn acam o c n tu t ea c lrto . ( v r cin n lig li f o sr ci c eeain' ATK' Br i S p . t1) v S .n u p a . Ale na i y,ATK as t c t o r e asm a troflw,t tt Conta t is l, tr tvel ks he our t ul, te a ha he r c ,t ef r quied SNC t pr d wrte no iet ti r ga de ATK ' a tonsa an a c e a i or r e r o ovi e itn tc ha t e r d S ci s c elr ton de a da A' drce c n et teCo ta t ( n n T ie td ha g o h n rc. ATK' Br i Su p. t6. Ha n c rf ly KS .n p a ) vig ae ul r vi e ewedt a iabl pori oft Conta t howe r t co ti t bl t do s Unlke he pplc e tons he rc, ve , he ur s ma e o o. i 48C. R.j5 2434,whihex esl a e s d hang ....( ieci ac elrtoni t F. 2. c pr sy ddrses ç es c djr tng c eai n he pe f ma eoft wor 'andwhih s c fc l r quie ac r c ort gi ç it n notce... ror nc he k,' c pe ii aly e r s onta t o ve ç te wr i t a t eCo ta trr g r sg c n tu t eod r oa c lrt)a ac a g od r'ter lv n h t h nr co e a d a o sr ci r e t c eeae s h n e r e , h ee a t v ' pr s ons i t i t ntCo r c do noti l s h l ng e. I t ad, he onl t -K - i e t ovi i n he ns a nt a t nc ude uc a uag ns e t y W l D r c ed - Cha s'eer t i t Conta taet itnor rs, b whihATK S kes c nge nge 'rfred o n he rc r s te de ll' y c wr ' s g) ha s ma wihi t ge r s t n he ne al copeoft t pesofs r c pr de byt Conta t unde t sConta t' he y e vies ovi d he r c or r hi r c. ' ( n rc a j1 1) Th p o so frh rsae ta teCo ta trC h l i e n tec a g Co ta t t 2.. e r vii n u te tts h t h nr co t almplme t h h n e s 8A St Courtnot i Fr con, t e fc o d n n aj t idt e t n ina , t hes me he ed n uhe fe t f e yig usi e i x e so nd a t a f me tme,hol ng t contac ort t orgi compl i dat i e iy pe cei es aly i acas s i di he r t o he i nal eton e, s asl r ved, peci l n e uch ast s wher t cont a orf t pos biiy ofbei r ponsbl f lqui ed damagesi t hi, e he r ct aces he si lt ng es i e or i dat f he prjc i no c mpltdo tme Fr- n,5 11CtCla 93.I a atmptt a oi lquiae oe ts t o ee n i , uco 0 1. . .t n n te o v d i d td da g s t c ta t wili l a c e aeispe f ma e Se l (t e f c ofs c ap iino ma e ,he on rcor l lkey c elrt t ror nc . e d. 6 fe t u h osto n The a contac ori f rl obvi r t s ai y ous. l lqui ed da agesar pr de f i t cont ct aswast cas f i dat m e ovi d or n he ra , he e he t contact i underaddii pr s e becaus i doesnotknow whet i wilbe f re, he r or s tonal es ur et her t l ound la e ibl f rlqui t dda g s' ;s eas No arEnM zCo p. Unie Stts 6 F.d 5 ,5 ( . .1 ) o i dae ma e .) e lo r i ' r v. td ae , 66 2 46 49 Ct CI 981 ' (ç ep e s r a id e ni iwe eme ey i ii . .sp riulrysr gwhe eIqudae $ Th r s u e pple , ve f t r r l mplct . i a tc al ton r i i td da g sho ri t eb c r un ' . ma e ve n h a kg o d.) ' 27 i a c r a c wihteisr cin fo ATK. (d)Th c u t g e swi S t a t eei n c o d n e t h n tu to s r m ' L= e o r a re t NC h t h r s ' h not ng i t spr son,ora ot rpr s on w ihi Se ton 1 whi h e es l r quies hi n hi ovi i ny he ovi i t n c i 2, c xpr sy e r SNC t pr det tde a notc ...ha i i e pr t d ATK ' a tonsasor rng o ovi t - nil ie t t t ntr e e pos S ci de i a c lr t n. ( Br i S p . fMo . t6)Ac odngy,hec u t e isc n i e ta i c eeai ' ATK .n u p o ta . c r i l t o r rman o vnc d h t t o ' p o ryrle u o teM u d c ts t isr c t ej r a til r pel eid p n h r o k e t o n tu t h u y tra. B. T he Suf i e y oft Evi nc fci nc he de e A TK alo a g t tt e de w asi uf i n t s ts y t e e e s ofc t u tve s r ues ha he vi nce ns fc e t o a i f he l m nt ons r c i a c lrto t t r i ld di t ec u tsj r isr cins F rt ef lo ngr ao ,h c eeain ha wee ncu e n h o r' u y n tu t . o h olwi e s ns te o cour co l st tATK' e d nta y c le sa ea s wihoutm e i. t ncude ha S vi e ir ha lnge r lo t rt The c tsfnali t u tons o co t u tve ac e er ton r d,i pe tne pa t a our ' i nsr c i n nsr c i c l a i ea n r i nt r, s f l s olow : Topr va l isa c e a i c a m , C m us pr ve t f l i el m e t e i on t c el r ton l i SN t o he olow ng e n s by apr ponde a eoft e de e: e r nc he vi nc 1. Tha SNC e re e a e us bl dely e ilng i t atme t xpe i nc d n xc a e a ntti t o i e e i t de t co r c ; xt ns on m r he nt a t 2. Tha SNC pr ry r que t d t e e i t ope l e se he xtnson; 3. Tha A TK l r s na y f ied o r us d t gr nt t r quesed t m ea o bl a l r ef e o a he e t ext on; ensi Th tATK d ma d dt a tep oe tb c mpee b t o iia a e n e h t h rjc e o ltd y he rgn l de dlnedes t t e us ede a a a i pie he xc abl ly; nd Tha S C a t ly a cee a e t wo k i r pons t an t N cual c lr t d he r n es e o u ra o a l d n a o tee tn ini o d r oc mplt tep o e t n e s n b e e il fh x e so n r e t o ee h rj c byt orgnalde dlne a i ureda ii nalc t. he i i a i , nd nc r dd to oss Fo pur esoft fr tel m e ,It l y t tt de t pa te c r t r pos he i s e nt e l ou ha m r he r i s' ontac , S wa e tte t a e tnso o t t t c mpeetep oe ts be tooh r NC s nild o n xe in fhe i o o lt h rjc, u jc t te me c r c ual e r m e s i SN C e pere e nuna i bl de a i c pl tngt ont a t r quie nt , f x i nc da vo da e l y n om e i he prj tontmet tr ule fom a e n t twa ()be oec i ha es td r n ve t ha s 1 yondt c r ofSNC; he ontol 28 a d( ) t h rs t f n a to o i cinb S o t o er s o sbet S n 2 no t e eulo a y cin r na to y NC r h s e p n il o NC, i l ngiss nta t s ncudi t ubco r c or . Thecon r c i l ta t ncudesa ls ofe nt orcic tnc st tm a pr dea it ve s r umsa e ha y ovi bas sf a e e i o t c r c tm e i o he c t a t lr quie e sa e m e . i or n xt ns on f he onta t i f t r on r c ua e r m nt r t I ude i t ls i i ncl d n he it s t ual s ve eweahe 't ti unus ly e r t r'ha mpacst tmel c t he i y omplton ei oft wo k r uie unde t con r c . he r eq r d r he ta t Unus l s ve e we t r i s ve e weahe t ti une c e ba e on ualy e r a he s e r t r ha s xpe t d s d r e we t rpa tl sf t tm eofy a t pa tc a l ton i que ton. ec nt a he te' or he i n em' t he riulr ocai n si Youmus a s decdewhehe SNC pr ryr quese a e ensonoftme. t lo i t r ope l e t d n xt i i I t sr a d, mus de e mi wha a tonsS wa c r c a l r quie t n hi eg r you t t r ne t c i NC s onta m ly e r d o t kei o d rt r ues a e e i of hec r ttm e, nd w he he SN C c pled a n r e o eq t n xt ns on t ontac i a t r om i w ih t e r quiem e s t hos e r nt . Addii ly, orpur e oft f t ee e t lt lyo t tyou ma fnd tona l f pos s he ourh lm n , el u ha yi t tATK d ma d d ta S c mpee t p oe twi i te o iia tme f r ha e n e h t NC o lt he rjc t n h rgn l i o h c pl ton i A TK t e t ne t a s slqui t da a aga ns S C.Li wi e, om e i f hr a e d o s es i da ed m ges i t N ke s f pur e oft f t elme , t l t tyo ma fnd iwa pr rf ATK or pos s he ourh e nt I elyou ha u y i t s ope or t d ma dS t c mplt t ep oe t ti h o iia tmefr o lto iy u o e n NC o o ee h rjc wi nte rgn li o c mpein f o h tndt a S wa n te t ldt a e tnso o t t c mpeetep o e t i h t NC s o ni e o n xe in f i o o lt h rj c. t me ( c e No 9 a 1 - . Do k t . 2 t 9 21) l t sca e t pa tes Conta te e sy pe mitdtm ee e i f t n hi s , he ri ' r c xpr s l r te i xt nsons or t ua l unus ly s v r we te , ( n rc j 1 .) a i i u ds ue ta S e c u trdu u ual sv r e ee ah r' Co ta t 22 , nd t s n ip td h t NC n o n ee n s l e ee ' y we t rwhi wo kngo t NAC/ AC p oe t l d e , NC' we t e e p r, o s ahe l r i n he e S rj c. n e d S S ah r x e tTh ma Pa t t tfedt tt wi e of2009/ 0 wa t sxt c des a s c s wi to ton, esii ha he ntr 201 s he i h ol t nd e ond no es n r or wih ove 50 i sofs ec d, t r nche nowf li t Ra or a e fom De e be 2009 tz al n he df d r a r cm r h ough Fe ua y 201 a tleel sr thesofve y c d a c i ai. l i as undiputd t tS C br r 0 nd lr ong tec r ol r tc r t s lo s e ha N notte ATK on Fe ua y 25, 0 t ts ve ewit rwe t rwasi c i ispe f ma e; ii d br r 201 ha e r n e ahe mpa tng t ror nc t tS C f r a l r ques e a 30- y e e i n oftm e;a t t ei t e d ysl t r A TK ha N o m ly e td da xt ns o i nd ha , gh e n a a e , de e t r que tf e e i oftm e a t e t ne t i pos lqui t d dn a i t w or ni d he e s or xt ns on i nd hr a e d o m e i da e m ges f he k 29 wasno c plt d byt da es tf t i t Con r c .Addii ly, t om e e he t e orh n he ta t tona l ATK doe no diput t t s t s e ha S C a t l a e e aed ispe f ma e. N cualy cc l r t t ror nc W hieATK a guest tSNC di notpr ry r que tatme e e i a t tt l r ha d ope l e s i xtnson, nd ha he rq e twa n tu r a o a l d ne , oh o t eeis e we es uaeyp e e tdt tej r f r e u s s o n e s n by e id b t f h s su s r q rl rs ne o h u y o c nsd r t n.Th c u t o cu e o sl r j d me tt a t eCo ta twa a iu u a o ie ai o e o r c n ld d, n t mmay u g n ,h t h nr c s mbg o s s t t e e o notc r r d t obt i a e e i oftmeunde t Conta t a t tt o he xt nt f ie equie o an n xt nson i r he r c , nd ha he j r mus d cd wh t e S p o el rq e tda e tn in.Attila s t o t a o ,h u y t e ie eh r NC r p ry e u se n xe so ra, s e f rh b ve te j r wa s e iial i tu tdta i h dt d tr n wh t cin S wa c nrcu ly u y s p cfc l nsr ce h t t a o eemie a a to s NC s o ta t al y r quiedt tke i or rt r que ta e e in oft Co r c tm e a whehe S C c e r o a n de o e s n xt nso he nta t i , nd t r N omple id wi tos r q ie n s Th j r wa as s e iial isn ce t a ih dt d tr n t h e e urme t. e u y s lo p cfc l n t ztd h tt a o ee mie h y whe he ATK unr a ona y f ie orr f edt g an t r quese e e i t r e s bl al d e us o r t he e t d xtnson. Th j r utmaeyf u di S Sfv ro b t o t e eis e , ndt ec u tsu be e u y li tl o n n NC' a o n o h f h s su s a h o r i na l t c n ld t tte ewa n lg l s fiin e ie tayb ssfrtej r t d s .A o o cu e ha h r s o e al u fce t vd n ir a i o h u y o o o y r a o a l j r c udh vea o tdS Sitrr tto o t ev ro n tc p o iin a d e s n be u y o l a d pe NC' n ep eain f h aius o ie r v so s n c l d t tSNC pr ry r quese a e enson oftmeon t bassoft t ualy s ve e oncude ha ope l e t d n xt i i he i he mus l e r witrwe t e.Lie s , a e o t ee ie c p ee td ara o a l j r c u dh vef t n e ah r k wie b s d n h vd n e rsn e , e s n be u y o l a omd t tATK unr as bl f ie orr f s dt gr n t r ue t d e e i n. ha e ona e a ld e u e o a t he eq se xt nso Fo t e er ao s tec u t e i c n i c dta ATK i n t n ildt j d me t sa r h s e s n ,h o r rmans o v n e h t s o e tte o u g n a m at roflw on SN C' a ee ai n cli .Ac r ngl ATK' r ne d m o i unde Rul te a S cc lr to am co di y, S e we ton r e 5 ( )wil ed n e . 0 b l b e id 30 Conc us on l i Fort r a o satd,SNC' Rul 5 b)moto wilbegrntdi pa ta de edi he e s ns t e S e 0( in l a e n r nd ni n par,a ATK' Rul 50( motonwilbede e nac or nc wiht c tsr lngs t t nd S e b) i l nid.I c da e t he our' ui ,he j r v r ita dj d me ti fv ro AT o isma sn tfc to cam wil es tai ea d u y e dc n u g n n a o f K n t s oiiain li l b e sd n j dg n wil ee trd i fv ro S o t a cam. u me t lb n ee n a o f NC n h t li TheClr i die t d t s nd c rii d co e oft sm e a l opi on a e k s r c e o e e tfe pi s hi mor ndlm ni nd t a c pa ng fnalor rt a lc he c om nyi i de o l ouns lofr co d. e e r ENTER:ThiY d yo Ma 2 2 s a f y, 01 . ,* .< . ChifUnie Stt sDititJ e e td ae src udg 31