Santova Logistics, Ltd. v. Castello 1935 Inc., No. 6:2012cv00007 - Document 16 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on June 19, 2012. (sfc)
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ov . , oy,ceo. si e,uer rt.s ,j . .y - I THE UNI STATESDI TRI COURT ' A YFH U e0v x. ' N TED S CT k TkN IB V '& .. w CLED FoR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF V I NI CT RGI A LY UR Dl so NCHB G vllx JUN 1! 2 2 01 1 s; ) . . j.-.s ac q ' j . ; ) - ., x Dfpt' c pi . Rx N o. 1 - v-00007 6: 2 SANTOVA LOGI CS,LTD. STI , Pli t a n? M EMORANDUM OPI ON NI JUDGE N ORM AN K .M OON CAS TELL 1935, NC. O I , d/ / CAS b a TELLO GROUP, Dee d n . fn a t Sa t v Lo itc ,Lt (1a t v ' o i an if',a S u h Afia feg tfr r i gl no a gsis d. û n o a' r d itf ) o t rc n r ih -o wad n S pl co ny,alge t tCasel 1 I (fasel 'ori e mpa le s ha tlo 935, nc. s tlo' û ndant),a i t a s lrof Def ' n mporer nd ele lne he dqua t r d Lexi on,V igi a i la e t Sa ova pur ua t Ca t l s f l e t i ns a re e ngt r ni , s i bl o nt s nt o s elo' aiur o pa f isr c p ofc ran i em a i ly-hi d hot lbed lne . Pli if a s rs t tt s y or t e eit e ti nt tona l s ppe e i ns antf s e t ha hi s i i prpel wi n t Co r' a miat j rs ito pzs a t t 2 U. 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C ' Co thè ns o tie l e, n . . wa dI d s, n .3 9F.d9 l 9 1(t Ci. 0 2 . nan ri s I c v Ho r n u .Ic, 0 3 0 , l 6h r2 0 ) n 1.BACKGROUND Pli if a lges t t i ea l 2009, De e nt c r de wih a no pat Chi e antf le ha , n ry f nda onta d t n- ry nes c ny,Cha ho Hua ErRuiI tr tona Trde Co.Lt (i ngz ' a agee t ompa ngz u nenai l a , d. tcha hou' nd r d o ) purha e$26,985. 2w ort ofbed lne . Compl ! 6;s eEx.1. Pl ntf s r d asafei t c s h i ns . e ai if eve r gh 50 f wa de , nd ara or r r a r nged f t ta pora i oft lne fom Sha or he r ns tton he i ns r nghait LosAng esa r o el boa d teMN LI h HUE.Co l! 7 s eEx. 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Co l ! 1 ;s eEx. a 6 ( eS n h iS p e Pe pe sCo r e plie e pl' u t mp . 3 e 3 t Th ha g a u r me o l' u t x an d t tth c rir)h d b o e ispr mie o d lv r wih te bilofldng a d voae is ha s e a re g a r k n t o s s f ei ey t h l a i n iltd t t oblga i of pr r y and c e uly t ki g i ton ope l ar f l a ng ood c r of t goods I i la e t com pe a e ae he . t s i bl o ns t ( a g h uqf ri ls a dd ma e' Ch n z o o t o s n a g . s ). 2PanifsCo litiiil d srb sac nrc wot $ 698 .0 s eCo . !6 1 , u i g e o litf mpan ntal ecie o tat rh 2 , 5: , e mpl! , 0 b tt o s n y t a lg t a Ch n z u s u h t r c v r$ 6 9 510 i t e Chne e lws t a d Pli ifu e t e $ 6 9 51 o l e h t a g ho o g t o e o e 2 , 8 . n h i s a ui n antf s s h 2 , 8 .0 e , n mb rt r u h u t e d r to o t e Co an ,s e 1 l ,l , 1 2 2 - 7,3 . la s me t a t t it c n u e h o g o t h u ai n f h mplit e 5 2 6 2 , 2, 4 2 0 su h t he h ry e t dic e y i t r s tofa t r phi leror butIp oce d he en usi t l s ra ount snc t ti w ha sr panc s he e ul ypog a ca r , r e r i ng he es e m , i e ha s t Pl ntf r quessi ispr rf rr i . ai if e t n t aye o elef 3Dee d n sae ta i a tal di n ttk (n c ul n th v tk n po ssin oftel n ,sn e fn a t tts h t t cu l d o a e a d o d o a e a e ) seso y h i s ic ne Ca t l di note n exitasa l e iy i 2009,i t d,a or ng t Defnda ,t buye i 2009w a t sr selo d ve s egal ntt n .nsea cc di o e nt he rn s t to ca Gr ' Def' Br 1n..D e e nta e l i e t r s t sdefns a a lt tm e.Seei oupa ' .s . 1 f nda pparnty ntnds o aie hi e e t aer i d 2 Purua t Pr son 1 1 of t a s nt o ovii 0. he genc a e m e be we n Sa ova a d Pa e , y gr e nt t e nt 4 n t nt Sanovawa r ponsbl f rs tsyi t Chi s j t s es i e o aif ng he nee udgme a ns Patnt isage .Compl ! nt gai t e ,t nt . 1 -1 ,s e Ex 4. Ac o digy,S n o apad t e $ 6,8 .0j d me t Co l ! 1 l te 4 5 e . . c r n l a t v i h 2 9 55 u g n . mp . 6. n h isa Co ant Sa tvacamst tisl bit wa c u e b t e û n a 'la u j tfe n tnt mpli , n o li ha t i ly s a s d y h s lwf nd nusiid a i u u acinsofCasel i no pa ngf t (i ns i r eve 'a Sa ovat ase t cai f to tlo n t yi or he lne l t ec i d,' nd nt hus srs l ms or i id o e utb e id mnt ( u tOn ) u j te rc me ( n Two ,a d b e c o mpl r q ia l n e iy Co n e, nus n ih nt Cou t ) n r a h f e c rctast equiabl s ogeeofCha onta he t e ubr ngzhou( untThre) Compl! 1 -30. Co e . . 7 II.A PPLI CABLE LAw m zni c me t amot n frd s sa f rlc o s be t te j rs it nu d rRu e e t o so i o imis l o a k f u j c matr u idci n e l o o 1 b)1 oft Fe r RulsofCi lPr edur, 2( () he deal e vi oc e (l r aet c iial difrntwa i whih t pr s ntamoi t dimis thee r wo rtc ly fee ys n c o e e ton o s s . . . . 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Se Co .Ex.1(onfr t y i c ) he i ns e mpl c imaor nvoie .Thes c tc r c'i abilo ldi e ond çonta t' s l f a ng t t lss tEtr sa Fr ght Se vie I ' on is hea r lss t s ppe a (Als r c , a ha it d la i ei r c ne. ' t de , it he hi r s t le vies' nd ' i ca e t tt goods a e cons gne t tCCB l er tonalCusom s Br r' See Com pl Ex. ndi t s ha he r i d ot nt na i t oke . ' . 2. Th tidc nrc i a Ag n y Ag e me tb t e S no a (o me l Sp cr m S p n 5 e h r o ta t s n e c r e n ewe n a t v fr ry e tu hipig Lt )a dPae t p r o whc f r dt eba i o S n o aha i t p y t Ch n s j d me t d. n tn , a t f ih o me h ss f a t v vng o a he i e e u g n onbe l ofPaen . Compl Ex. haf t t See . 4. Th frtc nr c (hea r e n o s l)i n tama i mec n r c;i me ey rp e e t e ss o ta t t g e me t f ae s o rt o ta t t r l e r sn s i a a e ntbet en abuyera as le ,a i i ve no s ii aly m a ii eas ct. The n gr eme we nd e lr nd t nvol s pectc l rtm pe s tid c nrc (h a e y a re n) i as no a maii o . 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The ot bil ofl ng a e alo ma ii e c r c s a Pl ntf cai t be a S. her ls adi r s rtm onta t , nd ai if l ms o pa t t a l a tone s h c r t l i tue t tnone oft bil ofl ng r pr e a c r c ry o t e s uc ontac . t s r ha he ls adi e es nt onta t b t e ti Plit a d ti De n a t s ltusc n o fn t a a y o t ebi so ldng e we n hs an ? n hs # d n , o h a n t id h t n f h l f a i , l sa dn ao e g v s rs t t i Co r' a miat j rs ito Un ie mo tc s si whc tn ig ln , i e ie o h s u ts d r ly u idcin. lk s a e n ih 5 Ac or ng t Pli if Exhi t2 contr t f tt tPl ntf ar nge f t ta po tton oft c di o antf, bi ims he ac ha ai if ra d or he rns rai he l e sfo S a g i oLo An ee .S eCo . 7 Ha n is etdt bi o ldn h we e, cn o tn i n rm h n ha t s g ls e mpl! . vig n p ce he l f a ig, o v r l a n ti d n l t ti co i s h a ar ngem e . l t d,asImen i ha t nfnus uc n ra nt nsea toned a bove i lss ç a a Fr ghtSe vie I ' on is , t it é si ei Eur r c nc.' t hea r i lss t le vies'a t s ppe ;i de c i t s pme bei consgne t CCCB l t r tona de ; t it ç s r c ' s he hi r t s rbes he hi nt ng Al i d o K n enai l CutmsBrk r'a dii sa da t b to b Fa Ch n ltr ain lTrns rainSevc Co, t .tsn so o e'; n ts tmpe the o tm y n e g nen to a a po tto r ie .L d (t' la Ch n '.No eo t s e tte,o c u s, r p rist teisa t ui Th o yme to ted cl n ma e o e g' n fhee niis f o re ae at o h ntn s t e nl nin h o t t k s f ) e . me eihe pa t t t sc ei t selo'bei lsedi t box i c i t ar a N um be s' t r ry o hi as s t t l ' ng it n he ca ndiatng t ks nd M r .' 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' na hi ng, L . , ti T n ,M o e o Le s o a d n d S e l 41 F.Ap ' 71 4 2 (t Ci.201 )( e c ra o s r r s, fAb n o e te, 0 p x 6, 2 4 h r 1 p r u im) (iai a i ena q ttonmaksomitd) h q s-onta tcl msar ma b pa te cttons nd ntr l uoai r te .Suc ua ic rc ai e de y ris S f va i ras ,c dnotpr valonac rc cli ' 1 ( tngM at e ev.Moor û who,or rous e ons oul e i onta t am.' d. cii ar s eM c mac Li s,158F. 631, ( Ci.1 46) cor k ne 2d 634 2d r 9 ). O ne r s a pary c d no pr vai on a co r c c a m i t pa t i nota pa t t ora ea on t oul t e l nt a t l i s he ry s r y o, t r pa t be fcir of t r l ntconta . The ef e,e n i Pl ntf a De enda ta e hid- ry ne i a y , he eeva r ct r or ve f ai if nd f n r notbot pari st one oft e rirbil ofldi a 1have a s e Pli tf ' Co antca h te o he a le ls a ng, s s um d, a n if s mpli n s ilbe br ug bef e t s Cour unde a quas- on r c t or s nce t aleged da a s quie tl o ht or hi t r i c t a t he y, i he l m ge t cl a l a os asa r s toft br ac ofa l as o oft s m artm e c r c s 1 See ArchJwlk e ry r e e ul he e h t e t ne he e ii ont a t . i v.Hani i 35 U. 532,535 ( 95 (tS) l ast cl m ase t ars soutofamaii ot, 0 S. 1 6) tg o ong he ai s red ie rtme c nr c,h a miat c u th sjlid cin o ri.) Ame id Shp n Cop.v J r a 1 t1 o ta t te d rly o r a t s ito ve t'' rn ipig r . o d n n ' r ', Co. 31 F.Su 1 1 ( D.La.1 . 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The c tr t ne t tr e us d o e y our eai d he 6Idonotf ecl eon t pos i lt t ta exp es c r texit bewee Pli ifa Defndant Bu or os he sbiiy ha n r s ontac sed t n antf nd e . t bea s lf ta ti Co r h ss be t te j rs ito o q a ic nrc go n s l on t e iet is e c ue md h t hs u t a u jc matr u idcin n u s-o ta t ru d , d o d cd he su . 1Thi muc s ms cl r fom t f tt Cha hou o i nal s d Pae i t & hi e M artm e s h ee ea r he ac hat ngz rgi ly ue tnt n he f nes ii Coul 'a t onl c r tbet ent et e ii wasoneoft bil ofldi . t' nd he y ontac we hos wo nttes he ls a ng 6 c s i a miat ,saig i r lva tp rs t ti ha J rs ito sn eéheu j te rc me t a e n d rly ttn , n ee n a t,ha t d ' id ci n ic i nus n ih n u t (ot i relaos asar s toft br c ofamaii c r t' 1 ( tngAr haws , t he mpo tr r e e ul he ea h rtme ontac. d. quoi c ki ' 350U. a 5 S. t 36:. Sa ova' la lt t Cha hou u ubt dl S r e'be us isage ,Paen ,br c d nt s i biiy o ngz ndo e y û os ' ca e t a nt t t ea he isoblga i undera bilofl di whih Ifnd t be a m a ii c r c unde t de i ton t i tons l a ng, c i o rtme onta t r he fnii de o by o he c t . Sa ova' c a m s a ns C a t lo,t n,lke i e a os as a r s t of vel ped t r our s nt s l i gai t s e l he i w s r e e ul t br c oft tcon r t I fnd De e he ea h ha tac . i f ndan ' efors t ditnguih Bar Cons ppi a ts f t o si s na hi ng nd Ar hawsk una lng,a lw ilde D e enda ' M o i c i vaii nd l ny f nt s ton. IV .C ONCLUSI ON De e ntdoe notdi put t tvarous bil of l di c im t f tPl i ifanunge f nda s s e ha i ls a ng onf r he ac a ntf d f rt martm e c r ige ofce t n lne fom Shangha t LosAnge e o he ii a ra rai i ns r io l s.Thos bil ofl di e ls a ng a e m a ii c r t unde a ialy lw ;a alhough i does nota r rtme ontac s r dm r t a nd t t ppea t t Pl ntf a r ha ai if nd Def nda a ebot pa test a s c r c ,lwilde De e ntsM o i a e r iet e nt r h ri o ny uch onta t l ny f nda ' ton nd xe c s he Co r' j rs ito o aq s-o ta t l a i. u ts u idcin n uaic nr cua b ss The Cl r oft Cour i diec e t s nd a c rii c oft sM e or ndum Opi on e k he t s r td o e e tfed opy hi m a ni a t a om pan ng o r rt a 1c nd he cc yi de o l ouns lofr or e ec d. Eteti qY/dayotJune 21. nedhs j r 02 . .e , NO K.M OO UNI TED STATES DI STRI J CT UDGE 7