-RSB Jordan v. Gobo, Inc. et al, No. 6:2011cv00047 - Document 31 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Norman K. Moon on May 8, 2012. (sfc)
Download PDF
tk ..: *.b: Ni eaut# e wx AuçN i k qv .yrvFIE;i A q k çi . q L I THE U NI N TED STATESD I STRI COURT CT FoR THE W ESTERN D I STRI OF V I NI CT RGI A LYNCHBURG DI SI VI ON MA 23 2 1 t 22 J UL bDL , BK DEP RK N o.6: 1 1 -4v-.0047 0 DANNY A . JORDAN,SR. , Pl nf ait M EM OM NDUM OPI ON NI JUDGEN ORMAN K .M OON GOBO,I and PHI LYNCH, NC. L Deen nt. f da s Pli i: pr s fld s ta i tDe e a s und t Far La r Stn r Ac of antf o e, ie ui gans f nd nt er he i bo a da ds t 1 38,29 U. C.j 201 e s q.(ç 9 S. te ; FLSA',algi unlwf rtlain und r j 21 ()3. ' le ng a ul eaito ) e 5a() Pe n beor t Co taeDee ns Moint Dimisu rRul l b)6)( c tno. , ndig f e he ur r fnda t' to o s s nde e 2( ( do ke 6) Defnd nt'Moi f Sa cins( c tno.1 ,a Pli ifst MotonsfrSummay e a s ton or n to do ke 4) nd antf' wo i o r d i ch J me t( oc tnos 1 a 1 '. The Courthel a hearng on M ar 27, 201 , a trwhih l udg n d ke . 8 nd 9 ) 22 fe c notfe t pa i ofm y i enton t conver Def ii d he rtes nt i o t endant s M oton t D im i s i o a M oton f ' i o s s nt i or Sum mar J y udgm ent under Rul 56 of t Feder Rul ofCi lProcedur lgave t pari e he al es vi e. he tes f re n ( 4)da t s ta ton e d nc ,a t e uponPl ntf' r ue t Ig a e a ou te 1 ys o ubmi ddii al vie e nd h n, ai ifs eq s, r ntd n a diina sve ( d ys frf t rs bmisons Fort r s ta f lw,lwilga t d to l e n 7) a o urhe u si . he eaons h t olo l rn Def endant M oton f Sum mar J s' i or y udgm ent deny Def , endant M oton f Sanctons and deny s' i or i , Pl ntf sM otonsf Sum m ar J ai if i or y udgm ent . 'Pli ipsç ec d Motonf Summal J me '( ke n . 1 )i mor a cu ael d c i dasa antf û on s i or y udg nt'doc t o 9 s e c r t y esrbe Re p e i Opposton t De e nt 'M oton f Sa tons s ons n ii o f nda s i or nc i . 2Pli ifa s dt Cou tt tduet a ij y,he wo d b un et a tnd t h rng.He di no antf dvie he r ha o n nur ul e abl o te he ea i d t s e t pospo t h rn t a l t rda e a hec e e t t he rn t ki pl c i hi a e e. e k o t ne he ea i g o a e t , nd ons nt d o he a i g a ng a e n s bs nc K 1.BACKGROUND Defnd tGo l (i Bo' ownsa opeae a Boa es Fa e an Bo, nc. û Go ' ) nd rts j ngl ' mousChike $ c nn Bic t (( oa gls' r turn fa hie,lc tdonTi ra Ro d i Lyn hbug. Des' suis i j n e '' esa a t rnc s o ae B ) mbelke a n c r 3 f. M em .2. Def endant Phii Lynch i t Pr dent of GoBo,and wor at t r t ant i a lp s he esi ks he esaur n m a g ralc p ciy. Pl i tf Da na e i a a t a n if nny J d n w a a ong t e fr t gr up of m a ge s hie t or a s m h is o na r r d o ma ge t r t ur nt whi h ope d o J nua y 29,200 1 . Pl i if c m plt d hi t a ni na he esa a , c ne n a r 9. d a ntf o e e s r i ng and began wor but due t an uns fed healh condii he l t wor on m edi l k, o pecii t ton, ef k cal eave be nni J y 22,2009. De s ' M e .3. I l t J y or e ry Aug t Pl i if t l ph d gi ng ul f. m n a e ul al us , a ntf e e one Lynch t di o scuss varous concer Pl ntf had about hi com pens i i ns ai if s aton. D ef ' M em .2-3. s. Lyn h de l wih Pl n ifs c e n b pa ng Pl i iff r t a tona da ofl a . I a c a t t ai tf ' onc r s y yi a ntf o wo ddii l ys e ve d t By a lterdat Oct el ed ober5,2009,see Lynch A f.N ov. l 2009 Ex.4,Pl ntf al t f 4, ai if ered Lynch t Pl ntf beleved t t pay f hi tm e away fom wor whie sck i June and hat ai if i hat he or s i r k l i n J y( nine a ove h dc outofhi va ai tme a ta s haprciewa unlwf . ul me to d b ) a ome s c ton i , nd h t uc a tc s a ul 1d. Pl ntf t d Lynch t t he was on t ver offlng a f alcom pl ntundert FLSA . ai if ol ha he ge ii eder ai he 1d. W hie Pl ntf ' l t i cat t i i t dsecond of is ki ' Lynch cl m st i w as l ai ifs eter ndi es hat t s he s t nd,' ai hat t act l Pl ntf f stw rten sgnalt he was concer about hi pa Def ' M em .3. ualy ai ips ir it i hat ned s y. s. Upon r vi Pl ntf ' l t , Lynch cl m s t have i m edi el caled Pl ntf and I a ecei ng ai ifs eter ai o m at y l ai if eû voi m ai m ess w hi Pl ntf di notr ur 1 ce l age, ch ai if d et n. d. As t eat hr ened, on Oct ober 20,2009, Pl ntf fl a com pl nt i t s Courtagai t ai if ied ai n hi ns GoBo,alegi t t us ofhi vacaton tme t compens e hi f si l l ng hat he e s i i o at m or ck eave vi at t ol ed he 3De en nt ha p ovi ed t e Cou t ih us ulba kg ound f ct i or a i i t i M emo a um i f da s ve r d h r w t ef c r a ual nf m ton n he r r nd n S p oto terMoint Dimis a di aDe lrt na da Af d vtb Dee d n P iLy c .Th Co r' u q r f h i t o s s, n n caai n n t a i y fn a t hl n h e uts o o i c s d r ton oft s a ot r do um e t outi t plad n r quies t Cou tt te t De e nts i t t on l e a i he e nd he c n s sde he e i gs e r he r o r a f nda ' nsan M oto t Dim isa a M oton f rSumm a y J gmen . in o s s s i o r ud t FLSA.1L Fo avait ofraons lgrne s t r rey e s , a td ummayj dg nti GoBo' fvoronApi 3 r u me n sa rl 0, 2 0.Se J danv GoBo,Ic, 6:9 v-0 9,201 W L 1 1 361( r 3 201 ,f d, 0l e or . n No. 0 -c 005 0 8 6 Ap . 0, 0)af' 39 Fe App' 11 (t Ci. 0, dr.d e 1 1S. .1 ( 1 . 3 d. x 8 4h r201 )c / enid, 3 Ct 021 201 ) Ar ound t s e tm e t he t ed hi i tal compl nt Pl ntf i or ed hi cohe am i hat il s nii ai , ai if nf m s d e ee s d s c o o e ur o k m a a r Olvi Pa rs , t a he ha be n r l a e by hi do t rt r t n t wor . Com pl a 3. n ge , i a r i h 4 h t .t Par ih i or ed Lynch of t devel ent but f one r on or anot , Pl ntf never rs nf m hat opm , or eas her ai if r ur t wor I t ar et ned o k. ns ead, ound t end of Oct he ober ort begi ng ofNovem ber,Pl ntf he nni ai if fldf un oyme wihteVigi aEmpl me Co s i ($ '. Def. Me 4. ie or empl nt t h r ni oy nt mmison ( VEC') s' m. The V EC f ound Pl ntf t be elgi e f unem pl ent. See Com pl Ex.3. l ai if o i bl or oym . mpora l tnty t hough, Def endant di not par i pat i t i tal hearng, and t V EC decii do not s d tci e n he nii i he sons a es a N ovem btr 13,2009 lterse t Pl ntf ,dicus bel . D ef ddr s e t nt o ai if s sed ow endant a s ppeal t ed he V EC' decii but l t t r appeal i an opi on da ed M a 27,2010,i whi t V EC S son, os hei n ni t y n ch he obsr d t t Pl nifha de e u roah t the qui hi j ,a t tta Pli if eve ha aitf d nid nde t ha t s ob nd ha h t antf tm ai ai cont w ih t em pl d nt ned act t he oyerweekl ...up untlm i Febr y, 2010,butw as never y i d- uar pl back on t empl ' s aced he oyers chedul ' Com pl Ex.4. e.' . On Novem ber 13, 2009, i r pons t Pl ntf s alegatons r di hi paym e n es e o ai if' l i egar ng s nt diput a seem i y w ihout know l s e nd ngl t edge t Pl ntf ha fl f unem pl ent Lynch hat ai if d ied or oym s Pl ntf a l t aski Pl ntf t cont hi t s ent ai if eter ng ai if o act m o chedul Pl ntf ' r t n t wor . e ai ifs e ur o k Co .Ex.1. I t s lte ,Lync i o me Pl n ift t ( ) Pli if wa beng pad ba k mpl n hi e tr h nf r d aitf ha 1 antf s i i c wa srprsntng t s m he alge h wa owe i hi frtFLS c anta ( ta ge e ee i he u le d e s d n s is A ompli nd 2) h t Pl ntf s ul ( ve g c a c l t ara a tme t mee,brng a c y of( aitf s ai if ho d t gi Lyn hl al o rnge i o t i op Pl nif l me c l r la egl a g antf a Lync wil pln t r ump i of ( antf s wo k dia ee s , nd pli if nd h l) a he es ton Pli if l r 4M s Pa rs i n l erempl d by GoBo l . Lync De l Fe 2,201 . r ih s o ong oye nc h c . b. 2. , s he ul.'I M o e r Lyn r ie Pli ifss ay t $ 5 a we k,a d e os ac c c d e' d r ove , ch as d antf' alr o 45 e n ncl ed he k f $8 0 a a nts i t mak u f t 35we ksdurng whi Pl n ifrcev d onl a or 48.5, n mou ad o e p or he e i ch aitf e ie y $ we kl s lr 5I 430 e y aa y. d . The pari diput whet or not Pl ntf m ade atem pt t cont Lynch aûer tes s e her ai if t s o act r vi t I t See Com pl 3;Def 'M em .4. Pl ntf cl m s t have viied t r t ant ecei ng he eter. . s. ai if ai o st he es aur atl tt i a week,and Lynch cl ms t have been att r t ant atl t sx days a week eas w ce ai o he esaur eas i tai ng new manager ,buts ehow,Lynch and J dan di notcr s pat durng t r evant r ni s om or d os hs i he el peri l s od. n uppor ofhi cl m s Pl ntf subm it w ha he syl as (A fi t ' butwhi t s ai , ai if ted t t es t fdavis' ch a e mo e a c a ey de c ie a un wor d ca a ins un r 28 U. C. j 1 46 by whih r r c urt l s rb d s s n e lr to de S. 7 c Pl ntf s co- anager , Kei Pola d,Chrs Polar a J i Br ai if' m s sha lr i l d, nd ule ewer6 a t t t t e f t , tes o h act hat Pl ntf di sop i o t r t anton num er occasons i an atem ptt mee wih Lynch. ai if d t nt he es aur ous i n t o t t Pl' Ad lEvi ( ke no.25 . Lync cams t te c ntay,t tPl ntf ma no s h .s d' d. doc t ) h li ,o h o rr ha ai if de uc ef ort- atl tnotw hie Lynch was i t r t ur nt Def 'M em .4. Lynch cl m s t t f s eas l n he es a a . s. ai hat he onl r y eason he di not i medi el brng Pl ntf back t wor was becaus he had not s d m at y i ai if o k e een Pl ntf sm edi r eas untlbei ser w ih t i t l s t f . ai if cal el e i ng ved t he ns ant aw ui. # I s , Def nt ar t t Pl ntf was not r alat agai t i vi aton of t n um enda s gue ha ai if et i ed ns n ol i he FLSA . 1 l d. ndeed,Def nt cl m t Pl ntf was not t m i ed w hat oeve , a t , enda s ai hat ai if er nat s r nd hat i t Pl ntf vol arl qui hi empl ent 1 l s nsead, ai if unt iy t s oym . d. n upportoft rar hei gument and cuti , tng agai t t i t Pl ntf m ade an ef or t r ur t wor , Def ns he dea hat ai if f t o et n o k endant cie t f t t s t he act ha Plitf fldf un mpl ntc mpe ai j ton we k atrGoBo wa sr d wih te anif ie or e oyme o nston us e e fe s eve t h orgi FLSA l i nal awsui Def ' M em .5. Pl ntf, however,i ss t t t char er of hi t. s. ai if nsit ha he act s 5 I t lte , Lync i c td t the a e wih Pl ntf' c e i ta $455 wa t mi mum n he e tr h ndiae ha gred t ai ifs ontnton h t s he ni wee y s l r f e kl a a y or xemp empl ye u rt FLSA . t o es nde he 6J i Br we wa a t ly t r n t d i Oc o r 200 a n l erwor a t r sa an . De s ' ule e r s c ua l e mi a e n t be , 9, nd o ong ks t he e tur t f . Add'Evi 1( ck tno. ) l d. do e 26 . - 4- r l ton hi w ih Def nda t t r d s onl a r De e da s we e s r d w ih hi frtFLS eai s p t e n s u ne our y ûe f n nt r e ve t s is A compl nt gi ng rset hi i antr alaton cl m . ai , vi i o s nst et i i ai I APPLI I. CABLE LAW Be a e t Cour i l ki b yon Pl n ifsba e a l a in t th wa t r nae c us he t s oo ng e d aitf' r leg to ha e s emi td, tes mmayj me a l i i rquie Su r j h u r udg nt nayss s e rd. mmay udgme i a opit i ûhemova t nt s ppr rae f l t n s hows t t e i no genui diput as t any m at i f and t m ovant i entted t hat her s ne s e o eral act he s il o j dg n asa matroflw. Fe R.Ci P.56() W h n i co t maei i tol y u me t te a ' d. ' v. a . e t mes o traly,d nl t l diput over f s t t m i afect t out e of t s t under t gover ng l w il s es act ha ght f he com he ui he ni aw l pop ryprcudet e tyofs r el e l he nr ummayj dgme . An ronv fi ryLobb Ic,47 U. r u nt' des . be t ' y, n 7 S. 2 2 ( 986 .The dipu ea utamae ilf c mus b d g nui , t ti ... t e e d nc 42, 48 1 ) s t bo t ra a t t e s e ne ' ha s d h vie e i s c t tara o bl j r c drtr aveditf t no s u h ha e s na e uy oul eun r c or he nmovigpat ' I ;sealoJ n ry. d e s KC ' Holi Co.v Was .S rs Ve u e ,I '264 F.d 459 465 ( h Ci.2001 . l c nsd rng a dng . h po t ntr s nc, 3 , 4t r ) n o ie i moin f s to or ummayj me ,ûh co tmu tdrw alr s a e i e e c s i fvo oft r udg nt c e ur s a l eaon bl nfr n e n a r he t nonm ovi pary, and i may not m ake cr biiy det m i i or w ei t evi ng t t edi lt er natons gh he dence.' ' Reve v.Sa e s PlmbngPr ds,I . 5 U. 1 1 0 (000 .Fi ly,wh r,ashee e s nd ron u i o . nc, 30 S. 33, 5 2 ) nal ee r, t Co tfc scos motonsf s mmayj gme t i mus d vauaee c p ry' moin o he ur a e r s i or u r ud n,t t s l t a h at s to n e is own meris t ng car i each i t t t , aki en ns ance t dr al r onabl i e ences agai tt part o aw l eas e nf r ns he y whos m oton i under consi aton.'M i e i s der i ' ngus Constuct s I v. Unied St es, 812 F. r or , nc. t at 2d 1 ,1 91( d.Ci.1 7) 387 3 Fe r 98 . 11 DI 1. SCUSSI ON A. R e i i talaton The alegedl m at i f t diput i t s cas concer whet Pl ntf act l l y eral ac ual s e n hi e ns her ai if ualy s ferd s fr ofunlwf rtlain. ig n FLSA rtlai plitf mus s t e uf e ome om a ul eaito dAj eaiton anif t how hre ee ns ()t the e g d i a a tviy prtced by t FLS (i t th s frd a lme t: i ha nga e n n ci t oe t he A; i) ha e ufee n adver e acton by t em pl s i he oyer s equentt orcont por ubs o em aneous w ih s pr ect actviy; t uch ot ed i t a (i)t ta c us lc nne ton e ssbewe n t e oye ' a tviy a t e a e s a ton. nd ii ha a a o ci xit t e he mpl es c i t nd h dv r e ci ' ' Bos r l v Audi Vie S .I c,78 F. ca elo . o d o ys, n 4 Supp. 577 5 ( D.Va.2011 ( ii Dar e 2d , 8l E. ) ctng v au v Dee o 51 F.d33 3 ( hCi. 08) . tc n, 5 3 4, 40 4t r20 ). The undi put f sdem ons r t t Pl ntf di engage i an actviy pr ect by t s ed act t a e hat ai if d n i t ot ed he FLSA ,namel flng t 2009 com pl nt w hi wassai t ars outofD ef y, ii he ai , ch d o ie endant vi aton of s' ol i t FLSA.Thsc s hi e onee n (i,ie, ehe Defnda t t ka a rea toni he i a e ng s lme t i) ..wh t r e ns oo ny dves ci n rs ns t Pli ifsflng o hi orgi lc aiti 2009. I elme t(i i stsid,t n epo e o antf' ii f s i na ompl n n f e n i) s aife he ee n (i) t c uslc ci bewen Pl ntf sflngoft Co aitan t a re lme t ii,he a a onneton t e ai if ii he mpl n d he dves acton,woul al cl l be f fled. i d so eary ulil The Fourh Cicui has i er et t phr e tadver em pl entacton' t m ean onl t r t nt pr ed he as s se oym i 'o y Suli at em pl ent deci ons, s as hii gr i l s tm e oym si uch rng, antng eave, dichar ng,pr s gi omotng,and i c mpe ai ' Pagev Bol r 645 F.d 227 233(t Ci.1 ) Betn v Si o nstng. ' . ge, 2 , 4h r 981' lo . gmon,1 F. , 01 Sup 2 435 444 ( . Va 1 98)( ol ngt tr mo ng plitf' ma ke i r s onsbiii p. d , W D. . 9 h di ha e vi an ifs r tng e p i ltes and di tng her of her d-kam Leader'poston di not cons iut an uli at em pl ent ves i s f ' ii d tt e tm e oym de iinwh nnet rPli ifspa no he j bttewa afe tdl. cso e ihe antf' y r r o il s fce ) Tha s i,<g l a ton ag n ta e o e t ti ls s ve e t n a f r ldich r e t ad tan c i ais n mplye ha s e s e r ha o ma s a g m a consiut an adver em pl ent ac i .' Adams v Sc ft o Ha e C? ,Ci l y tt e se oym ton ' . h. f f nov r ? @. vi AcinNo.3: to 05CV31 2008WL 50 454,a *1 ( D.Va. v.26,20 ( tng Watisv. 0, 70 t 5 E. No 08) cii kn DiabiiisBd o s lte fchare t Cr@.44 F.Supp. 51 51 ( S. 2006 Fo isa e df lson / , 4 2d 0, 7 D. C. :. r n tnc ,d i an em pl oyer delber el m akes t wor ng condii i ol abl i an efor t i i at y he ki tons nt er e n f t o nduce t he e o et q t'Honorv Boo - lnd Hamitn,nc,383F. 1 ,1 -87( hCi. 4) mplye o uis' . zAle r lo I 3d 80 86 4t r 200 , a p ai tf m i t be a e t d l n if gh bl o emonsr t c s r c l dic r . T0 p e l u r t e ta e on t u tke s ha ge r vai nde h co tuciedic r t or apl nifmus de nsrt ()adee an e oye ' dei rt nsr tv shage he y, aitf t mo tae 1 fnd t mpl rs lbeae i e tt f c t pl ntf t rsgn a d ( te S be tv it ea lt o t wor n ntn o ore he ai if o e i n 2) h t jcie nolrbiiy f he kig o condii .' W at ns,444 Supp.2d at517. l tons' ki mporanty,çdisatsf ton w ih wor assgnm ent , t l k s i ac i t k i s a f i of bei unf ry crtci or difcul or unpl eelng ng ail ii zed, fi t easant w or ng condii ar not s ki tons e o i ol abl ast compela r onabl per on t r gn.' W ilams v.Gi Food Inc. 370 F. nt er e o eas e s o esi ' li ant , 3d 423 43 (t Ci. 4) And1obsr ta t Fout Cic tha d aeulyc bi 't cam , 4 4h r200 . eve h the rh rui s t rf l a ned'he li c ofconsr i dichar becaus i i ts open t abus by t e who l tuctve s ge e t s do o e hos eave em pl entoft r oym hei o a c d. Ho ,383F. a l 7( tn Par i v UniysCor ,879F. l 11 (t wn c or ' nor ' 3d t 8 quoig olne . s p. 2d 00, 4 4h Ci.1 9). r 98 ) l tsi t n hi nsance, t ni fr t t D ef ur ng is o endants M oton f Sum m ar J ' i or y udgm ent no , raon bl j ' c ul fnd ta Plitf wa tr nae a t l or c tuci l a d e s a e ul o d i h t anif s emi td cualy y onsr tvey n smmay j me i Dee nt'fvor i t r or a pr rae Fis,a ale dy n e u r udg nt n fnda s a s heef e p op it. rt s ra otd, Plitf hasno alge t tLy h( a yon es wihhii o frnga tort a GoBo)t d anif t le d ha nc or n e le t rng r ii uh iy t ol Pl ntf t he w as t m i ed, or di anyt ng ele t coul r ai if hat er nat d hi s hat d easonabl be consr as y tued endi Pl ntf s em pl ent pror t hi f lng f unempl ent com pens i ng ai if' oym i o s ii or oym aton. To t he c nrr e e J rPl niffldfru mpl ntLync ma esg fc ntatmpst a vie o tay, v n /c aitf ie o ne oyme , h d iniia te t o d s Pl ntf of t s eps he s d t t r ur t w or The l i t s cicui di notr r ai if he t houl ake o et n o k. aw n hi r t d equie Lynch t dr ever hi and t ever concei e s ep t tack Pl ntf down and puthi o op yt ng ake y vabl t o r ai if m back t wor Lynch sentPl ntf a l t ,al w ih a check f back pay,and t d Pl ntf t o k; ai if eter ong t or ol ai if o geti t n ouch,w hi Pl ntf f l t do. Pl ntf adm ist neverat ptng t r ch ai if aied o ai if t o lem i o each Lynch on hi cel phone,a des t Pl ntf ' cl m s t he wentby t r t ant attmes he t s l nd pie ai if s ai hat he esaur i hough Lynch woul be t e,t undiput f r ai t t t di not m eet The f t t d her he s ed act em ns hat he wo d . act ha Pl ntf f ie i hi a t m pt t r a h Lync f ls f r s tof c e tng a g ui di p e o ai if a l d n s te s o e c h a l a hor rai en ne s ut f m aeri f w ih r pectt whet Pl ntf w asact l t m i ed. He w asnot t al act t es o her ai if ualy er nat . Norc d a raona ej y fn t tPli ifwa c tuci y dic re Ev n oul ny e s bl ur id ha antf s onsr tvel shag d. e acceptng as tue t vari decl a i f om Pl ntf ' co- ker i catng t he m ade i r he ous ar tons r ai if s wor s ndi i hat c ran atmpt t l f Lyn h i te Boa esrsa rnt te un s td fcsdo no eti te s o ook or c n h jngl etua , h dipue a t t s uppor eihert concl i t t Lynch delber el f ced Pl ntf t r gn,or t wor ng t t he uson ha i at y or ai if o esi hat ki c to (r i t sc e pr-on tonst rt ni t wor)wee obetvey i oea e ondiins o, n hi as, ec dii o eur ng o k r j ci l ntlrbl. Pli ifs algai t tLyn h wa t a mo t i ' Plitf,Compl 3,i n b is f antf' le ton ha c s l d uhgngl' anif b . s ot y tel s fiin t ma aprmafa ec s ofrt iton. Lyn h' k eti src guielne frte ufce t o ke i ci ae ealai c s s tlngl tit d i s o h s rtr of( li ifswor ' Compl 3,smial doe n c siut obetvey unrao bl eun Plantf' k,' . i lry s ot ontt e j ci l e sna e conduc . Fi l Pl ntf ' cl m t he deci t fl f unempl entcom pens i base t naly, ai ifs ai hat ded o ie or oym aton d on t uns t i ed r he ubsantat eport ofhi co- ker O lvi Pari h, al o does notm ake outa vi e s s wor , i a r s s abl consr tve di tuc i schar cl m undert l . ge ai he aw l s q Pl ntf hasnot aleged t Lynch evert d hi he w as aot l t m i ed or n hor ai if l hat ol m ualy er nat he s d notr ur t w or and t ng Pl ntf salegatonsi t lghtm os f abl t hi , houl et n o k, aki ai if l i n he i t avor e o m n ra o bl j y c d fnd ta h wa c tuci l dic r d. lwilg a s mmay o e s na e ur oul i h t e s onsr tvey shage l rnt u r j gme i Dee ns fvo . On smia gou ,bu t stmetki t fdsi t lg t ud nt n fnda t' a r i lr r nds t hi i a ng he a n he ih m os f abl t Def t avor e o endant Iwildeny Pl ntf ' fr tM oton f Sum m ar Judgm ent s, l ai ifs is i or y . B. Rul 11 Sanctons e i Def nda sr ue tt tt Co ts nc i Pl i tf be us Pl ntf ( s d a c s of e nt eq s ha he ur a ton a n if ca e ai if d ue our e pur conduc and pater ofltgaton agai tt e def ndant m alci y and i bad f t ' D ef . t t n ii i ns hes e s i ousl n aih.' s' M o .f Sa ctons 3. A lh t or n i t ough Rul 11 a ple t b h r pr e e a unr p e e t d pa te , e p i s o ot e es nt d n e r s n e ri s Har v O' ee 1 F. D.1l 11 ( D.Va.1 3) Pl ntf s s ti no te prpe mon . Kef , 49 R. 4, 6 E. 99 , ai if ui s t h o r s jc ofsncins Aûe al,t VEC di de i abetwi i rec i or ton ta ube t a to . r l he d cde l i t mpef t nf mai h t h Pl ntf w as i unt iy t m i ed. l cannot deem Pl ntf ' Com pl nt a ha sng or ai if nvol ar l er nat ai if s ai ras i f i ous cl m oft s tt Rul l1 of t Feder Rul ofCi lPr rvol ai he or hat e he al es vi ocedur i i ended t e s nt o s ton. anc i l .CONCLUSI V ON Ifnd t e t be no genui diput ofmat alf tas t w het Def ntt m i ed i her o ne s e eri ac o her enda er nat Plitf i rs ns t Pl nifsFLSA cai i s hasnorasna ej r c d tndta anif n epo e o aitf' l m, namuc e o bl uy oul i h t Pl ntf was t m i t ac ualy or consr i y. l i t ef e appr at f t Cour t ai if er na ed, t l t uctvel t s her or opri e or he to grn s mmayj gme i Defnda t'fvor an d ny s a t u r ud nt n e ns a , d e ummayj dgme a rqu se b r u nt s e etd y Pl ntf . lw ilal deny Def ai if l so endant M oton f Rul 11 Sanc i s' i or e tons. The Cl k oft Cour i diect t s a cerii copy oft s M em or er he t s r ed o end tted hi andum Opi on ni t aI pari ofr d. o l tes ecor *> Ent ered t s hi day ofM ay,201 2. NO AN K.M OO UN I TED STA TES DI STM CT J GE UD