Funkhouser v. Administrative Committee of the Pilgrim's Pride Retirement Savings Plan et al, No. 5:2012cv00005 - Document 38 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 6/25/2012. (jat)
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F''>p- o- l .s. sT couR oEu Dd . Vm .t ATi l ' z - soNbuRq vA > Fl uun ' I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FO R TH E W ESTERN DI STRI O F VI I A CT RG NI H A R R I NBU R G DI I O N SO V SI PATTY L FUNKH OUSER, JUN 26 2 1 22 (M U . . u 3LR CEK Pl nt f , ai i f Ci lA ct on N o.5: v00005 vi i 12c V. A DM I I M TI C O M M I EE O F N ST VE TT T H E PI R I ' PR I LG M S DE R ETI EM EN T SA V I G S PLAN ,etaI, R N . D ef endant s. M EM O R AN D UM O PI I N N O Bef et c ti t Admi sr tveComm ite oft Pig i ' PrdeRe ie e t or he our s he nita i te he l rm s i tr m n S vng Pln (teCo te ', n eDe a , n J i Sto s(o lci l ç fn a t' a i s a lh mmite) Re e b r a d udt itn' c le t y,' e d n s' i h ve De ) M oton t Tr frVenue( .#28) i whih Def nt se t ta frcl msbr tby i o anse Dkt ,n c enda s e k o r nse ai ough pli ifPat Funkho e t t Unie Stt sDititCotr f t Norher DititofW es antf ty us r o he t d ae src lt or he t n src t Vig ni Thi ma t hasbee f l bref d. Be us t c tfndst tta f ng ve r i a. s ter n uly i e ca e he our i ha r nseni nue s r e t eitr s o j tc i t sc s , fn a t' to mus b g a t d e v s h ne et f usie n hi a e Dee d n s mo in t e rn e . 1. F n ho sri afnne e l y eo Pigi sP i eCo p rto (s lrm' Prd ' , u k u e s o r mp o e f lrm' rd r o ai n û g i s ie' a pi ) poulr pr s i c pa o r tng i t U nie St t , e c a Pue t R i o. Pig i ' ty oce s ng om ny pe a i n he t d a es M xi o, nd ro c l rm s Prdei a s i a y ofJ USA.Funkhous ri apari pa i t Pig i ' Prde Reie nt i s ubsdir BS e s tci nt n he l rm s i tr me Sa ngsPln(he1 eie ntP1n' , cht Commitela nitr.De ri J USA' vi a t é tr me a ' whi he R ) te dmi ses Ba s BS S H e d ofBene is a s r s a Cha r oft Com m it e. J S U SA em pl ys Sit asM a gerof a ft nd e ve s i he te B o ton na 1The Com m it e hasof i es i Fr el , Col a te fc n e y or do. isRe iem e a D e er e C o pe a i Pl ns a Sit a s s r s a a m e be oft t tr nt nd f r d m ns ton a , nd ton l o e ve s m r he Com m it tee. I he co pl i ,Funkhous rc e t tD ef nt di notpr vi he wih n r m a nt e ont nds ha enda s d o de r t Re ie entPl doc e sr tr m an um nt equesed pur uantt t Em pl e Re ie e I om e Se urt Ac t s o he oye tr m nt nc c iy t o 1 7 (ERI A' .l o d rt f l c mp e n teis e p rie t oDee d n s moi nt f 9 4 ( S ' n r e o ul o rhe d h su s e t n t fn a t' to o 1 ) y n ta f rve ,i i nec s a y t fr tr e e a pr vi ac i t Fun r ns e nue t s e s r o is ef r nce e ous ton hat khous rbr e oughti t n he N or he n D it i tofW es V i gi a whi h Funkhous rde c i s i he c r ntc pl i t t r src t r ni , c e s rbe n r ur e om a n . A . T he Si m ons A c i i t N ort r D i t i tofW e tVi gi a m t on n he he n s r c s r ni On J ua y 5,2009,Funkhous s ntDe ra lte r que tng doc e sr ai t t an r er e ba et r e si um nt eltng o he o eaina dman e n eo teReie n Pln p ru n t ERI A j1 4( () 2 U. C. p rto n itna c f h trme t a , u s a t o S 0 b)4 , 9 S. j 1 b)4) On Febr r 4,2009,De rs ntFunkhousrastofdoc nt i r pons t t s 024( ( . uay ba e e e ume s n es e o hi r que t l uded i t s s tof doc e sw e e t doc e sknown a t Se ond e s . ncl n hi e um nt r he um nt s he c Am e e t t Re ie e Pln,t ThidAmendme t t Re ie e Pln,heFit ndm nt o he tr m nt a he r nt o he tr m nt a t fh Ame m e t t Re ie e Pln, t Reieme Pl n' J nua y 1 2004 Am e nd nt o he tr m nt a and he tr nt a s a r , ndmen a t nd Res at m ent t e . OnOcobe 9,2009, t r Funkho e , t t e c pli if,tl acl sa ton(he usr wih hre o- antfs ied as ci t t i nsa to ' p ru n t ERI A j5 2 c( ) 2 U. C. 1l 2 c( ) i t eNo ten d mmo cin' u s a t o S s ) 0 () 1, 9 S. j 3 ( )1,n h rh r 2 D i t i tof W e tV igi a,na i t Com m it a D e r a c def nda s Si m onsv. sr c s r ni m ng he tee nd ba s o- e nt . m P lrm, 2:9 1 , 01 W L 4 3 45 a *1( D. . . v. 0 2 0 .l teSi ns ic i No. 0 - 21 2 0 68 7 , t N. W Va No 1 , 01 ) n h mmo a ton,t pli if cli ci he antf s a med,i r e tpa tt tt de e nt br c d t i fduca ydut n elvan r, ha he f nda s ea he her i ir y by notpr di va i Re ie e Pl n doc e sasr quie unde ERI . l a *2- M or ovi ng ld tr m nt a um nt e rd r SA d. t 4. e s c tc l t pl ntf s a l d t tt Re i e en Pl n' J nua y 1 2004 A m e m e a pe ii aly, he ai if lege ha he tr m t a s a r , nd nt nd 2F n h usra dhe c - litfsalg davoainu d rERI j1 4b ()bru h tecviato a u k o e n r o panif l e ilto n e SA 0 ()4 , o g th i l cin s e b n fcaiso t Reie n Plnu de ERI j5 2a() 2 U. C. 1 3 a() a ds g trl f u s n t e eiire fhe trme t a n r SA 0 ()1, 9 S. j l 2()l, n ou h ei p rua to e ERI A j5 2()l. S 0 c() Resae e ,a wel a t Fis a Thid Ame e st t Re iemen Pln, r i ld t tm nt s l s he rt nd r ndm nt o he tr t a we e nva i due t l k ofe c i I at*1 3. A ddii ly,t pl n if cl i e t tt Sec o ac xe uton. d. tona l he ai t f s a m d ha he ond A m e e t t Re iem e Pl n w asi ld be a e i w a c pie f om pa t ke f om ndm nt o he tr nt a nva i c us t s om l d r ges a n r dfee vesonsoft a ndme .J ifrnt ri he me nt #z . J d eJ h Pr so Baly,hep e i n j d eo e t eSmmo a to i t eNo te' u g o n e tn ie t r sdig u g v r h i ns ci n n h rh l n Diti ofW es Vigi a, s se wihoutprj c t pl ntfs'cli rgadi t srct t r ni dimisd t eudie he ai if ams e r ng he ao e e i f r m ntoned doc e s f f iur t e us a i sr tve r m e e . I a *1 1 um nt or a l e o xha t dm ni t a i e di s d. t 4- 5. M or ove , udge Ba ly dimi s t pli if 'cli f br a offduc a y dut agans t e rJ ie s s ed he antfs a ms or e ch i i r y i t he Co te wi p eu ie I . t*1 ndon s , u g Balysae t a, nd rERI A, mmite t rj d c . d a 4.I ig o J d e ie ttd h tu e h S a c ommitewa notapes andt r or co dno beafducay.J- a *3n. te s ron heef e ul t i ir .a t d 3. On Fe a y 1 2011 t pl i if r que t d addii ldoc e sf om t bnz r 7, , he a ntf s e s e tona um nt r he Commit ,i udi t doc tee ncl ng he umentknown a t Pigrm ' Prde Re ie e Savi Pl n s he l i s i tr m nt ngs a ( c mbe 31 2 0 Ame d n a dRettme t (h : 0 9P1n'.OnM ac 1 , 1 ,h De e r , 0 9 n me t n sae n ) t e 1 0 a ' 2 ) rh 8 20 1 te pli tfsr ceved t r quese doc nt ,i l ng a alege y une cut c oft 2009 a n if e i he e t d ume s ncudi n l dl xe ed opy he Pl n. l t i e i pe i on M a c 7,2011 t pl i if br a n he nt rm r od, rh , he a ntf s oughtan a i sr i c a m t dm ni tatve l i o t Com m it e r ga di t doc ent t y r e ve pur ua t t rJ nuar 2009 a he t e e r ng he um s he ec i d s nt o hei a y nd Fe ua y 2011 r br r eque t The Com m it de ed bot t pl i i f 'or gi c a m a t r s s. tee ni h he a ntf s i nal l i nd hei a ppea .Afert de aloft i a i sr tve ca m,t pl n if r ogni edt tt l t he ni he r dm nita i li he aitfs ec z ha he doc e sr ce ve f om Deba w e e va i a di no r ne t cl s a ton r r ng t e um nt e i d r r r ld nd d t e w he a s c i ega di hos docum ent s. B. T he PresentA ct on i On J nua y 18, 2,Funkhous rtl d t i t nta ton i t sco ti t W e t r a r 201 e ie he nsa c i n hi ur n he se n DititofV igi a l he c src r ni . n r ompli t Fun us ral gesf vi a i unde ERI j a n , kho e le our oltons r SA 5 2 c( )a ans De e d n sf rfiu et f r s t eS c ndAme d n t t eReie n 0 ()1 g i t fn a t o alr o unih h e o n me t o h trme t Pl n, he Thi d Am e m e t t Re ie e Pl n,t Fi t Am e a t r nd nt o he tr m nt a he fh ndm e t t Re ie e Pl n, nt o he tr m nt a a t 2009 Pl D e e nt now s e t t a f rve t t N orher D i ti tofW es nd he an. f nda s e k o r ns e nue o he t n src t V igi a w he e t Si m ons a ton w a b o ht r ni , r he m ci s r ug . Dee da t a g t t rnse o v n i i teitrs o j siea p o ts u iil fn n s r ue ha ta fr f e ue s n h n ee t f u tc nd r moe j dca ec onom y be us Funkho er spr s ntac i i m e el a co i ton oft Si m onsac i n, ca e us ' e e ton s r y ntnua i he m to or a t ver l s , sba e upon t s m e s t i f c sast Si m onsac i , t he y ea t i s d he n ubsantve a t he m ton. A ddii ly,D e e nt a gue t tt y,asw e la r l va w ine s s a doc en s a e tona l f nda s r ha he l s e e nt t s e nd um t , r l a e out i t W es e n D i ti tofV i gi a't r f e tans e t t N orhe n D it i tof oc t d sde he t r src r ni , he e or , r f r o he t r s rc W e tV igi a w ilnotc us a gr t r i onveni nc t t pa te t ltga i i t sco t s r ni l a e ea e nc e e o he r i s han ii tng n hi ur . 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C.j1 a .Thi pr sonsae ,t 'rt c n S. 404() s ovii tts do he onveninc ofpa tesa wine s ,n F e e ri nd t ses i teitrs o j sie ad src c r ma ta se a ycvla to t a yohe d src o d vso h n ee t f u tc , itit ou t y rn fr n ii cin o n t r itit r i iin whe ei mi havebe br r t ght en oughtort any diti ordi so t whih a1pa teshav o srct vii n o c 1 ri e c e e ' 28U. C.j 1 a .Co eque l t co tsde ii t ta frve f l a onsntd. ' S. 404() ns nty,he ur' cson o rnse nue olows 3Funkhous ri ar sde ofFul sGl Vigi a whih i l td wihi t W eser DititofVigi a.She e s e i nt k' en, r ni, c s ocae t n he t n src r ni wor f rPig i ' Prdei Br dway,V igi a, c i as l atd i t sditit Ft ked o lrm s i n oa r ni whih s lo oc e n hi src . mkhous cam st tt er li ha he Si m o a in wasfl i t N orhe nD iti ofW es Vigi abe us t o c pl n if w eer sde st r m ns cto ied n he t r srct t r ni ca e w o- aitfs r e i nt he e. Thes co- ai if a enotparist t pr e a ton. e pl ntfs r te o he es nt ci 4 t pa ta l i. Fis , hecour m us deer i whe he t pr e ve i a f um i wo- r nayss r t t t t t m ne t r he opos d nue s or n whi h t o i nalco pl i c d ha bee br c he r gi m a nt oul ve n ought Te hnost e .LLC v.Be r Consr Co. . c el es t. , 271F.d 151,1 ( hCi.2001 .Se ond,hec ts dc i rl ntfcor,ncudi 3 60 4t r ) c t our houl onsder eeva a t s i l ng (çhepli ifs(niil c c ofvenue;wine sconve e ea a es;t c ninc oft tt antf i taj hoie t s ninc nd cc s he onve e e he p ris a dt eitr s o j tc .' ieLLC v M ik e No 7:0 00 4, 01 W L 6 7 1 , t ate ; n h n ee t f usie''Shr . c l, . 1 - 43 2 1 0 7 6a *4( . Va.Feb.11 2011 ( i Pr ii Frnc sncsLLC v.Coombs No.1: 11 W D. , ) quotng ecson a hii , 06- 48, 2 0 W L 3 40 3 , t* ( D. . c 2 , 0 6) Fial t emo igpat b ast eb r e 06 8 3 4 a 2 E. Va De . 7 2 0 ). n l h vn ry e r h u d n y, ofs w i t tt a f r ofve i pr r A lt c I .v.M vr a D e sl , o. 08 00 ho ng ha r ns e nue s ope . le h. nc i d v. nc. N 5: - 045, 2008W L 511 9670,a *4( . Va. c.5,2008) t W D. De . A . N ort hern Di tri ofW es V i ni as a Proper Forum s ct t rgi a Tota se v n eu d rj1 0 () t ec u t s trtd tr n wh te tep o osd rn fr e u n e 4 4 a ,h o r mu t is ee mie eh r h r p e ve i a f um i whi h t or gi lcl i c d ha bee br nue s or n c he i na a m oul ve n ought Te hnost el 271 F. d a . c e , 3 t 1 Ac or ngt t ERI venuepr so a a ton d a bebr 60. c di o he SA ovii n, n c i t y m oughti t dititwhe e n he src r t pln i a nitr d,whe et br a h t pl e orwhe e ade e ntr i so m a be he a s dmi se e r he e c ook ac , r f nda esde r y f u d . .' ERI j5 2 e () 2 U. C. 1 3 ()2 .Fu k o s rwa an me pa t i t e on .. ' SA 0 ()2 , 9 S. j 1 2 e( ) n h u e s a d ry n h Si monsa ton fld i t N o t m Diti tofW e tVigi a.l t Si monsa to m c i ie n he rhe src s r ni n he m cin compli , antFunkhousra he c pli if saed,i rlva par,ha tg e i pr ri t s e nd r o- antfs tt n ee nt tt ttvqnue s ope n hi j iil itit ru n t ERI Aj5 2 e( ) 2 U. C. 1 3 ()2 b c us t ePlnwa udca d src pu s a t o S 0 ()2 , 9 S. j 1 2 e( ) e a e h a s admi see i rheNorhenDititofW es Vigi a .... Si nitrd n t t r src t r niq ' mmonsCompli ,Dkt#1 Ex. ' ant . , 7,a 3,!7.Thed a 'rfr nc i t Si t t n' ee e ed n he mmonsacin c anti t s meReie ntPln pl to ompli s he a trme a a i s i t c r ntm ate . Cons que l Funkhous rha pr vi l a it t tt t s ue n he ur e tr e nty, e s e ous y dm ted ha he Re ie e Pl n i a i s e ed i t N o t r D i ti tofW e tV igi a,a ne t rpa t tr m nt a s dm ni t r n he r he n s rc s r ni nd ihe r y di put t s c a m now . M or ove , e e s es hi l i e r r l vantFou t Cicui ca e 1 w i c t s t t i t c e r h r t s a ndi a e ha , n he ont xt ofERISA , pe m isbl ve l a i s d be e nde r t rt n r srced. r s i e nue oc tons houl xpa d ahe ha e ti t 4 Cons que l t c tfndst tt scl i c d ha orgi ly be br e nty, he our i ha hi a m oul ve i na l en oughti t N orher n he t n D i ti tofW e tV igi a,s t fr tpr oft t a f rofve a ys si s ts i d. sr c s r ni o he i s ong he r ns e nue nal i s a i fe B . Four- or Testt T rans V enue Fact o fer N e ,t c t us w e g t f c o sls e i Shie i or rt dec de w he he a t a f r xt he our m t i h he a t r i t d n r n de o i t r r ns e o venue i a opr a e bas on t pa tc a f c sand c r s a esi t sca e The tr t f s ppr i t ed he r i ul r a t icum t nc n hi s . is f t t c i r i pl ntf c ce ofve ac or o ons de s ai i fs hoi nue. Shie 2011 W L 60771 at+ Bec us r, 6, 4. a e Funkhous rr s de i t W e t r Di t i tofV i g ni herc c oft sdi t i ta t f u f e e i s n he s e n sr c r i a, hoi e hi sr c s he or m or t i t n a t o i a f ded s t nta w ei .Se A l nna,I .v. due Pha m a L. ,634 he ns a t c i n s f or ubs a i l ght e pha nc Pur r P. F.Supp.2d626,633( . Va 2009) Howeve,dhedeeenc gi t pli ifsc cei W D. . . r l fr e ven o antf hoi s t e il t l sw e g whe e t r i ltl t c m e tt c en f um w ih t c us ofac i ' ntted o es i ht r he e s i te o ol c he hos or t he a e ton. ' Glmor a Coa Co p.v.Rane sGr PLC,854F.Supp. 438( . Va.1 .l t s a gn l r t r p. 436, W D. 993) n hi c e w hie Funk as , l hous rhas s t nta co a twih t W es e n D i ti tofVi gi a, rc a m a e ubs a i l nt c t he t r src r ni he l i s a w hol doesnot A lhough s w or d f Pig i ' Pr de w ihi t s di ti t he c ai sc nt r e . t he ke or l r m s i t n hi sr c , r l m e e on t Co m it s f iur t f ni h Re iem e Pl n doc e s The Com m it i l at d i he m tee' a l e o ur s tr nt a um nt . tee s oc e n Gr ey,Col a a al core ponde bewee Funkhous a Def nt r ga di t s el or do, nd l r s nce t n er nd enda s e r ng hi a ton occ r d out i t W eser Di t i tofVi gi a. Co eque l alhoug Funkhous r s ci ur e s de he t n s rc r ni ns nty, t h e' c c ofor gi f u i gi n de e e e, hi f c ori no di pos tve gi n t t nuous hoi e i nal or m s ve f r nc t s a t s t s ii ve he e co m ec i be w ee he c us ofa ton a t W es e n D it i tofV i gi a r ton t n r a e c i nd he t r src r ni . Thes ond f t t tt c t us c i ri ûwines c ec acor ha he our m t onsde s d t s onve e ea a e s' ninc nd cc s . ' Shie,2011 W L 60771 a *4. I i of c zs dit ul t f e e w ha s cii wines e wilbe r 6, t t s olr e fk t o or s e t pe fc t s s l c le i t smat .Howeve ,a dic s a ald n hi ter r s s used bove,hevatmaort oft r e n aci a t s j iy he elva t tons nd 4 Se Tr . oft NatlA uom a i Sprnkl l .Penson Fundv.Be tAut a i FiePr .l ,578F.Supp. e s he ' t tc i er ndus i s om tc r ot. nc. 94, 9 ( C. .1 8 )(ttn ta c u t s ul bo dyc n tu teERIA v n epo so , S j5 2 e( ,n 5 D. Md 9 3 saig h t o rs ho d r a l o sre h S e u rviin ERI A 0 ()2)i od rord epo e u a o salsta ma kepERI fd caisa db n f a isfo a jdiaigcams. re t e uc rc d rl btce h t y e SA iu ire n e ekire r m d u ctn li ) 6 omisonsoft pa tesoc r d outi t W esem DititofVigi a.Co eq nty, os si he ri cure sde he t src r ni ns ue l m t w ine s s a i f om Funkhous r w illke y ha t t a lt e t roft pr t s e , s de r e , l i l ve o r ve o ihe he opos d di ti t . e s rc s Thus Def nda s w ines esw illkel tnd bot t W es e n D it i tofV i gi a a t , e nt ' t s l i yi h he t r src r ni nd he N o t r D i ti tofW es Vi gi a e ly con ni t whie Funkho er s wines e ,gi n he r he n s r c t r ni qua l ve en , l us ' t s s ve r r s de i t sdi t i t w illke y f vo t W e t r D it i tofV i gi a I t sca e t f c or e i nce n hi sr c , l i l a r he s e n s r c r ni . n hi s , he a t ofwines c t s onve e e and a es w e g i Funkhous ' f vor ni nc cc s i hs n er s a . Thet r fct t tt c t tc i ri theco ninc oft pa te .'J ,As hid a or ha he our mus onsde s t t nve e e he ris' #dic s a s us ed bove, e nt r i i Col r a c Def nda s esde n o ado nd once t tbo h pr e f nz wilbe de ha t opos d o ms l e ly co ni ntast y w ilne t t a lt bot V igi a and W es V igi a t pur ue t s qua l nve e he l ed o r ve o h r ni t r ni o s hi m a tr l c r t Funkhous rm a nt i t tt W es e n Di t i tofV igi a i m or te . n ontas , e i a ns ha he t r s rc r ni s e c onve e f he bec us i i herhom e dit i t Funkhous ri t onl pa t who willke y ni nt or r a e t s s rc . e s he y r y l i l be i onve e ed by one f m m o e t a he 't r or i i m or conve e f t nc ni nc onz r han not r he ef e, t s , e ni nt or he pa te a a w hol i t ca e r m a nsi t W e t r D i ti tofV i gi a ris s e f he s e i n he s e n s r c r ni . Thef u t a dfn l a trt a t ec u t s weg i t eûne e to j sie' l On o rh n ia f co h t h o r mu t ih s h ç tr s f u tc . d. e i ' elme t tcoursc i rwhe anayzi t sf t i t pr ton of udii e no e ntha t onsde n l ng hi acor s he omoi j cal co my. Sa uncElcs Co.Lt v.Ra ms e . , d. mbus I ,386F.Supp. 708,7 - ( D. .2005) M o e snc. 2d 2122 E. Va . r s cii ly,t coul i Sa t r s d,lg j r apa t hasprvi l ltgae aca e pe fcal he ' n msma ea one iW hee ry t e ousy ii td s i vi smia is sa f tgjac ti t tdititwillkel befmiirwiht fcsof nvol ng i lr s ue nd acs, our n ha src l i y a la t he a t t ec s .Asamatrof u iil c n my, u hfmiirt i hg l d sr be' I a 7 2 h ae te j d ca e o o s c a laiy s ih y e ia l. d. t 2 ' (ntr quotto omitd) I t sca e t pr s n a ton a t Si i enal ains te . n hi s ,he e e t ci nd he mmonsa toni ve ci nvol s h sm ia i s s a f c s Funkhous r sc pl i i t s a i i l s a s m a y oft uc i l r s ue nd a t . e ' om a nt n hi d on nc ude um r he Si m onsac i i t s c i e il t c ua a Pr dur lBa kg ound. C o pl n , . m ton n he e ton ntted d t l nd oce a c r Fa ' m ai t Dkt ' #1 a 4. I e Funkhous rr a l admist tt Re ie e Pl doc e sa is i t , t nde d, e e diy t ha he tr m nt an um nt t s ue n he pr s ntac i t e e a s t ntalc rbutng f c ort s ve a oft count i t Cl s A c i ee ton t r ubs a i ont i i a t o e r l he w s n he a s ton Sui fl d on O c o r9,2009 by Pl i ifa ot ri vi s ' I . a 2, Thi sae t t ie t be a ntf nd he ndi dual . s d t !5. s ttmen ' c ea l s st tt pr e a ton i pr c t d,a l s i s e de ee upon t f c s a l ry how ha he es nt c i s edi a e t ea t n om gr , he a t nd i s ltga ed i t Si m onsa i s ues ii t n he m d on. Funkhous r c ai st tt pr e m a t i no a contnua i oft Si m ons a ton, e l m ha he es nt ter s t i ton he m ci buti t d i vess par t c am sbr ug unde adif r ntERI s c i Spe fcal nsea nvol e a e l i o ht r fe e SA e ton. cii ly, Funkhous r a s r st tt Si m ons a ton i ve a di put ove t va i t ofpr e s e t ha he m c i nvol d s e r he ldiy oduce d Re i e e Pl n docum ent w hie t s a ton i ve Re i e e Pl n doc e s t t tr m nt a s, l hi c i nvol s tr m nt a um nt ha De e nt a l edl neve pr uc d.Thecour tndst spr poston,a t ve y las, f nda s leg y r od e t i hi o ii t he r e t que tona e. I he c pl i i t s m a t r Funkhous rs a e , ç - s a ton i br s i bl n r om a nt n hi te , e t t s t-hi c i s oughta a l s cvi e or me a in unde ...( SAJ i pa tc a ERI j502()1 .... I a 1 !1 i l nf ce nt cto r ERI ,n riulr SA c( ) ' d. t , . ' Funkhousrsco ai t n c ede t ttg li ifsalegai i t Cls Aci Sui e ' mpl nt he onc s ha dplantf l tons n he a s ton t r ga di t i pr ra e r ng he m ope dopton ofpl n a e en s a i pr re c i oft pl n i a m ndm t nd m ope xe uton he a doc entis l w e e i s t nta pa t bas d on a c us d by D ef nda s f iur t pr de um t e f r , n ubs a i l r , e nd a e e nt ' a l e o ovi vai plndoc nt purua t Pli ifso i nalrques purua t ERI j502()1 ... ld a ume s s nt o antf rgi e t s nt o SA c( ) ' J a 2,!6.Funkho e ' rf e est t smeERI saut whe de ci ngbot aci , ' #. t us rs eernc o he a SA tt e n s rbi h tons . co e w ih t overa ofdoc e sa t hea tofbot c es ca e t c tt que to upl d t he lp um nt t he r h as , us s he our o s i n w he he t i t ntm a t i i f c s t taly di f e f o t Si m ons a ton. t r he ns a ter s n a t ubsan i l fer nt r m he m ci Bas d upon Fu e nkhous rssa e nt i he c pl nt i i clart the c r nt e ' tt me s n r om ai , t s e ha r ure a l ga i c ai f t a i s i c m on w ih t Si m ons a ton. A ddii l i i le tons ont n ac s nd s ues n om t he m ci tonaly, t s uncl a w he he Funkhous ha a s red ditnc c a m si t e ac i . Thus i lghtoft er t r er s s e t s i t l i n hes tons ,n i he 580ht Si m onsa ton a t pr s ntm aterde wih Fu t he m ci nd he e e t al t nkho ersat us ' tempt t ac r c rctReie e s o quie ore tr m nt Pl docu e s l f t bot c e i udecam sr ga di t Sec Am e entt t Retr m e Pln, t an m nt . n ac, h as s ncl li e r ng he ond ndm o he ie nt a he ThidAm e r ndmentt t Retr m entPl t Fit Am e e t t Re ie e Pl a t Retr m e Pln' o he ie an, he fh ndm nt o he tr m nt an, nd he ie nt a s J nua y l 2004 Am e entand Resa e e . a r , ndm t t m nt p e ee c fr u iil c n my i i i teitrs o j tc t ta frt i c s t t eNo ten rf rn e o j d ca e o o ,t s n h n eet f usie o rnse h s a e o h rh r D i ti tofW e tV igi a,wher t tcour w ilbe m os f m ii rw ih t di f e s i a sr c s r ni e ha t l t a la t he f er nce , f ny, bet een t t o cases. w he w W he weg ngt i ees ofj tc i apatc arc s i a tont t pr i of n ihi he ntr t usie n riul a e,n ddii o he omoton j dca e o o c u t as c nsd rtepo sb ly o ic n itn o to sbewe nrltd u iil c n my, o rs lo o i e h siii f n o sse t u c me t e eae t m a t r br te s oughti dif r ntve n fe e nues Sa s . m unc, F.Supp.2d a 721 l t scas Funkho e 386 t . n hi e, us r c r t tt Com m it f ie t pr de he w ih r ue t d Re iem entPl n doc en s l ha ges ha he tee a l d o ovi r t eq s e tr a um t . n t Si m ons a ton, c he m c i Funlhous r a cus t Com m it e,i r e ntpa t ofbr ac ng is e c ed he te n el va r y, e hi t tduc a y dut by f lng t pr de he w ih va i R e iem e Pl n doc ent . Si m ons 201 i ir y aii o ovi r t ld tr nt a um s m , 0 W L 468 3745, t * 4. I t Si m o ac i J a 3- n he m ns ton, udge Baiey di m i s d t f duc a y c ai s l s s e he i i r l m a an tteCo te wihp eu ie ra o i t a, n e ERI A,$ c mmitei n tap ro g i s h mmite t rj dc , e s nng h tu d r S t o te s o e s n a a t e or c nnotbea fduca y.'J=. t*3n. Asdic s d a ,alhoug Funkhous r nd,her f e, a i ir ' . a d 3. s us e bove t h e a l gest ts i br ngi e ie y dif r ntcl i s i t sm a t r he com pl i co a ns le ha he s i ng ntr l f e e a m n hi te , r a nt nt i s gnii a f c ua a l ga ove l ps w ih t Si m o ac i n. The ef e,i f t rs r st i f c nt a t l nd e l r a t he m ns to r or t ur he e ve he itr s o j siet ta se v n et teNo tenDitito W e tVigni, e et ec u t n ee t f u tc o rn fr e u o h rh r src f s r i a wh r h o r t r w ilbe be t e ppe t gua d aga ns i ons s e out om esbe w e n t s m a t a is he e l ter qui d o r i t nc it nt c t e hi ter nd t pr orr i i t Si m ons a i i ulngs n he m cton. 11 1. I s , he c tfndst tt Norhe n DititofW es Vigi ai apr pe ve n um t our i ha he t r src t r ni s o r nue whe et scli c d ha bee orgi lybr ug . M o e r alho h t c rt i t tt r hi am oul ve n i nal o ht r ove , t ug he ou fnds ha he f c or ofdef r nc t Funkhous rsc ceofve e,c at s ee e o e ' hoi nu onve e oft wine s , ni nce he t s es and conveni ence oft partesw ei slghty i f he i gh i l n avorofdenyi D ef ng endant m oton t t ansf s' i o r er ve ,t i e e tofj tceweg hea l i fvorofta fni ve i t sc s Fort nue he ntr s usi ihs viy n a r nse ng nue n hi a e. he r a o ssae a o e t ei tr s o j tc ,n l dn tede iet pr mo ej iil c n mya d e s n tt d b v ,h ne et f usie icu ig h sr o o t udca e o o n prot agai ti ect ns nconsit out es,out ei t ot f or and i di s ent com w ghs he her act s s sposii tve. Acc di y,I I ORDERED t tDefnda s M oton t Transe Ve ( .# or ngl T S ha e nt' i o f r nue Dkt 28)i GRANTED,a purua t j1 a ,hi matr i l ngDee nt'M oi t s nd, s nt o 404() t s te, ncudi fnda s ton o St y and CompelAr t aton ( . ) i ta fre t t Unie Stt DititCo tf a bir i Dkt#37 ,s rnserd o he td aes src ur or t N orhe n Di t i tofW e tV igi a. he t r s rc s r ni Ent ed:June 25,2012 er 4 /* ' VW f M i hae F.U r ns c l ba ki U nie St t sD i t i tJ t d a e sr c udge 10 '