Frederick County Sanitation Authority v. O-N Minerals (Chemstone) Company, No. 5:2011cv00006 - Document 87 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Michael F. Urbanski on 10/26/12. (kld)
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r t S OFFI U,S. ST, CE DI COURT AT HARRI SQNBLR: V* I: . t . I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR TH E W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A H AR R I N BU R G DI I O N SO V SI Fkût k ,l : 0CT 25 2 1 22 JULA I %BY; ' FREDERI CO UNTY SANI CK TATI ON A U TH O RI , TY . DE P ) ) ) ) Ci lAci No.5: v006 vi ton 11c ) ) )By: M ihae F.Ur li c l banst ) Unie St e DititJudge td ats src ) ) . , Pl ntf ai if, V. O- M I N NERALS( CHEM STONE)CO. , D efendant . L- ,' ïk P lutiK - ' ' ) L K M EM OM NDUM OPI I I ON Thi matri beor t c tondee ntO- M i rl ( mso )Compa d/ a s te s f e he our fnda N neas Che tne ny, b/ Ca me s Li & S o esCt r u e'mo inf rp rils r u e me t n ' came s ' to o a t umma yj g n ( t #6 )a d l a r ud me t Dk. 0 n sc ndmoi nf rs mmayj d me t( t #7 )i ad caao yj dg n a to b o h b eo to o u r u g n Dk . 9 n e lrt r u me t cin r ug t y t eFrd rc Co n ySa iainAuho i (d eAuh rt ) Thep rish v f l b ifdt h e eik u t ntto t rt th to if'. y t a t a e ul ree he e y is a o a a gume washel on J 28, 2 a Augus 7,201 Att c tsr ue t s ues nd r l r nt d une 201 nd t 2. he our' eq s, t pa tesha fl d complt c e oft de ii t ke i t sc e f rt cour' r vi he ri ve ie e e opi s he postons a n n hi as o he ts e ew. U pon co i er ton oft svol i ns d a i hi um nousm a e i ,i i cl a t tge ne i s ofm a e i lf c t ral t s e r ha nui s ues tra a t a o n i t sc s .Co s q e ty, n us ' moin mus b d n e a tec s stfr u y b u d n hi a e n e u n l Ca ue e s to s t e e id nd h a e e o j r ti . ral 1. Thi diput i vesi er eain oft tr ofaLe eAgr me (theAgee nf' s s e nvol nt prtto he ems as ee nt t t r me ) e e e i o be w e n t A ut iy a Ca m e e spr de s or Gl ba St Che s one nt r d nt t e he hort nd r us ' e ce s , o l one m t Copo ai n(Glb 1) o M ac 2, 0 . l t eAg e me t Came ela e t teAuhoiy r r to 6 o a' , n rh 20 0 1 n h re n , r us e s s o h t rt t ' t e pa c s ofl nd i Fr r c a She hr e r el a n ede i k nd nandoa co i on w hi h Ca m e e o r t s h untes c r us pe a e lm e t qua res The pr pe te prnci ly a i s i t s c e ar t M i e o n and i s one r i . o r i s i pa l t s ue n hi as e he ddl t w Cl r oo pa c s TheAgr emen gr nt t Aut iy t unlm ie rg t e r c wa e ea br k r el. e t a s he hort he i t d i ht o xta t t r f om Ca m e e' w a e - il qua r pis e ptf t tr uie by Ca m e e f is r r us s t r f led r y t , xce or ha eq r d r us or t o rto s Ex. t Came s ' Pa t lS mm. . .Dk . 6 - , t!1 Th Ag e me t peain . A o r u es ri u J Br, t# 0 2 a . e r e n a g a st Aut iy t rghtt e e t i t la m ant i f iii nec s r t e r c , iy r nt he hort he i o r c , nsal nd i a n ac ltes es a y o xta t purf a di ti e wat r a ea h st l The A gr m e a s est tCa m e e' r g st m i a nd sr but e t c ie. d. ee nt s ur ha r us s i ht o ne nd pr es lm e t or ar s i t t Aut iy' rght t us a occ t l s d oc s i sone e e uperor o he hort s i s o e nd upy he ea e prmie frwihdr ofwae .l a !4.l ae ofaci qua r ng,heAgreme e s s o t awal tr d. t n ras tve ryi t e nt pr dest tCa me ewilope aea mait nisownpumpi e pme .I a ! 11 ovi ha r us l rt nd nai t ng qui nt d. t . l t A g ee e , he pa te a n he r m nt t r i s ckno l dge t tce t n r zoni ofCa m e e' pr pe te w e ha rai e ng r us s o ri s i c e ae 1 a !8.Thecuxoft sdiput c r t s opeoft Aut iy' s ontmpltd. d. t r hi s e oncens he c he hort s oblgai n t r i i to o e mbur e Ca us f S ossa s it d wih t r oni pr es ' c e ni s nne e or t t s oca e t he ez ng oc s' onc r ng c t M i e own a Cl a br pa ce s Thedia e ntc nt r a o t mea ngof he ddlt nd e r ook r l . s gr eme e e s r und he ni pa ag a 8 oft A gr em ent w hi s a e i f l r r ph he e , ch t t s n ul: 8. CO STS O F REZON W G TO BE B ORN E BY A U TH O RI : The pari s r cie a under t nd t t c t i TY te e t nd sa ha era n r oni of Gl l s pr pe te i c em pl t ez ng oba ' o ri s s ont a ed. The A ut iy hort s uppors Gl ' e f t i t tr pe ta a ee t pa f t t obals fors n ha es c nd gr s o y or he cos as oci t d w ih t r z ng pr e s i udi c ula and t s ae t he e oni oc s , ncl ng ons t nt f lng f esasw el asa t r y' f e a co tc t . ii e l t o ne s e s nd ur os s l a !8. d. t TheAut iyr dst spaaga t mea t ti i onl r r dtopa f t c ts hort ea hi r rph o n ha t s y equie û y or he osg) t ass at wih t tnalrezoni pr oci ed t he i ng ocess' w hi i i er et t be cos s i r pri t ,' ch t nt pr s o t ncur ed or o 'A lhought A g ee e wase er i o bewee t Aut iy a Gl l f re eofr f r e,Gl li t he r m nt nt ed nt t n he hort nd oba, o as e eenc oba s r er d t he ei a Car eus efre o r n s m e. Aut iy a gues oncefna r zo ng a o li r nder d by Fr de i Count isoblgai n t hort r , i l e ni ppr va s e e e rck y, t i to o r i bur e c t c s . I s e m s os s ea es n uppo tofisposton,t Aut iy a guest tt t ofcos s r t ii he hort r ha he ype t lse i pa a a 8,na e y,t ns t nta flng f esaswe lasat e sf esand c t it d n r gr ph m l t ula nd ii e co l tom y' e our c ty' r t s tofcosst c ly i r e durngt r zoni pr e s.Ast Ca m e e' os s'a e he or t ypi a l ncu r d i he e ng oc s o r us s co e i t pa agr ph 8 oblga e t Aut iy t pa t cos ofi pl nt nton hat r a i t s he hort o y he t m ementng isr z ng i t e oni pr f r t Aut iy poi t outt tt wor ( ofe ' doe nota ari pa a a 8. The ofe s,he hort ns ha he d l f r' s pr ppe n r gr ph A ut iy a guest tt a e ofa r f r nc t pa ng f pr f re ns s i pa a a 8 i hort r ha he bs nce e e e e o yi or of e xpe e n r gr ph s cons s e w ih t oblga i a s l ed by t pa tesunde t pr edi pa a a i t nt t he i tons s tm he r i r he ec ng r gr ph. I n par gr ph 7, heAut iy e es l agr edt pa t c tofr ocai c rt n ba li l a a t hort xpr sy e o y he os el tng e ai lteds diplc by mi ng oper tonson t r zo d Cl r ookpr ry. TheAut iy as e t t t s a ed ni ai he e ne ea br ope t hort s rs ha r l ton oft bali dswa pr f r i t r z ng a wa t onl pr f ri a ee t eocai he lfel s ofe ed n he e oni nd s he y ofe t gr d o f nd.Unde esa ihe prnci esofc tac c tuci n, heAut iy c e t t u r t bls d i pl on r t onsr to t hort ont nds ha pa a a 7 woul ber nde e s pe tuo i Ca me e' i e pr a i ofpa agr ph 8 wa r gr ph d e r d u rl us f r us s nt r etton r a s a pt do ed. l t b if o p ril u r j g n , t p risa s re t t h Ag e me t s n he res n a t s mma y ud me tboh a t se td ha t e re n wa a e a g mbi uousast t ext ntoft Aut iy' oblgai n t pa t cosst i e ntt o he e he hort s i to o y he t o mpl me he Ca meus pr f r .2 N ot ng i t m a bref and e bisfl d s e nty s essa r e ofe s hi n he ny i s xhi t ie ubs que l ugg t c rr c l i onta y onc us on. The i s ofwhe he a cont a tpr s on i n bi s ue t r r c ovi i s m guouspr s nt a ques i ofl , of ee s ton aw not fc.Utc v.Utc 266Va.1 1 581S. 2d 5 5 ( at sh s h, 24, 29, E. 07, 09 2003) Pyrmi De .L. C. D ; a d v. L. v. & JAsocs,262Va.750,754,553S. 2d725,727( ) Polad& Ba I v.Pire s . E. 2001; lr gbv. nc. ec Arow. L. .11 258Va.524,528,5 S. 2d 761 763(1 .Thelng geofac r ti r L. C. 1, 21 E. , 999) a ua ontac s 2Fo e m pl , Ca m e er pr s t t-hepa tesha ag e t tt Agr m en a t Lea econai ltnt r xa e r us e e ened: t' ri ve r ed ha he ee t nd he s f t n ae a guiisa t t m e ni oft tr ûhecos asocit dw iht r zoni pr s , andt t m e ngof mbi te s o he a ng he em t t s a e t he e ng oce s' hus he ani t ttr wilbef t tiroff c t dee mi ' Canne e' Pa ta Summ .J Br,Dk .#60-1 a 2ha e m l or he re a t o tr ne. ' us s ril . . t , t 3. 6 a guousi ttm a be unde s ood i m o e t n o w a orwhe i r e st t oorm o et ngs mbi fi y i rt n r ha ne y n t ef r o w r hi a t s m e tm ea' Eur v. or ol Shi l ng & D r t he a i ' e N f k pbuidi vdoc Com . 263 V a. k , 624,632,561 S. 2 6 3, 68( 0 )( u tn Grnt Sael s Co. Bo tms 2 3Va 2 8 2 4 41 S. 2 E.d 6 6 20 2 q oi g a ie tt n . v. to , 4 . 2 , 3 , 5 E.d 1 1 ( 99 ) a cor W e t ea LG & E Pa t r v.Va Elc.& Powe Co.25 Va.1 31, 34 1 2); c d smorlndrnes . e r , 4 , 11, 6 S. 2d289,294( 997) h a n guiy,i i e ss mus a a o t f eoft 48 E. 1 .Suc n mbi t f t xit, t ppe r n he ac he i tum e . Sa ziv. a. r Bur u M ut l .Co. 263 Va.52,55,55 S. 2d 758,760 nsr nt l V Fa m ea . ns , 6 E. ( 2002) S. (a Doe)v.W e tAm.l .Co.250Va 461 464,463 S. 2d450,452( 995) l ; F. J ne s ns , . , E. 1 .n de e m i ng w he he t diput t nnsa e a bi t r ni t r he s ed e r m guous t cour m us c i rt w o ds , he t t ons de he r e pl d i t c r c i ac da e w ih t i us l o di r and popul rm e ni See m oye n he ont a t n cor nc t he r ua , r na y, a a ng. Hasil v. p , 4Va 6 2, 3 , 7 S. 2 7 4 7 6( 0 2 ; c h n a M ii Lt Lib ifed La e 26 . 3 6 7 5 0 E.d 9 , 9 2 0 ) Po a o ts nnc d. a . Co. J welRi CoalCor ,263Va.1 1 556S. 2d769,772( v. e l dce p. 69, 73, E. 2002) . Bec us t cont t d cos r i a e he ese t e mbur e ntlng gecont ne i pa agr ph 8 c n be s me a ua ai d n r a a unde sood i m or t n oneway,i i a g us Theag e m e doe notcon ai a cla c rt n e ha t s mbiuo . r e nt s t n ny e r ut d l e to o j t a wa me n t b icud di t ri u s b ec ssof e o i g Ont ei ai n f us wh t s a t o e n l e n he emb ra l o t r z n n . he n one ha t br d s pe oft ca i ofpa ag aph 8 a t a e e ofa lm ia i on t nd, he oa co he pton r r nd he bs nc ny i t ton he phr e t os as oci t d' i is t xti cons s e w ih Ca m e e' ar z e t tt A ut rt i as d t s a e ' n t e s c i t nt t r us s gtm nt ha he ho iy s oblga e t pa f t consr ton oft be m sr uie by t r zoni So t i t noto i t d o y or he tuc i he r eq r d he e ng. oo s he i n t ta pr f ri a c ea ur ofs a ut a oc sonl i c ha of e s r t e t t e nd cur y n onnec i w ih a r oni On t ot r ton t ez ng. he he ha t S e ng pr es ' l nguage i pa a a 8 s nd, he t zoni r oc s ' a n r gr ph ugge t a lm ia i a t ki of s s i t ton, nd he nds c t r f r nc d t r n bea no r em bl nc t t l t m ,hi h dola cos ofc t u tng os s e e e e he ei r es a e o he ong er g l r t ons r c i be a ound C a m e e' e nns r r us s xpandi m i ng oper tons The A ut iy a l poi soutt tt ng ni ai . hort pty nt ha he A gr m e now he e m e i r m bur em e ofpr f rc t ,a t onl expe e i t ee nt r ntons ei s nt of e os s nd he y ns s n he a e m e whi h ar r m ot l sm ia ,i vi r l a i ofba li l on t Cl ar ook s t , gr e nt c e e e y i l r nvol ng e oc ton lt e ds he e br ie 7 a ee es l c r c e f i pa agr ph 7.On isf e,he ef e t c ta ee t tt r xpr sy onta t d or n r a t ac t r or , he our gr s ha he Agr m e i a bi ee nt s m guous a t t c e t d o i ton oft Aut iy t pa t c tofbe m s o he ont s e blga i he hor t o y he os r c t c i a ot rpr f rexpe e i ur e by Ca us f l i a ovaloft ons nz ton nd he of e ns s nc r d nne e olow ng ppr he r ezoni ng. W he t t r sofan ag e m e a e a bi n he e m r e nt r m guous a c tw ilc i rpa ole de e t , our l ons de r vi nc o a c r a n t i e oft pa te Eur ,263 V a a 632,561 S. 2d a 667- Tuom a a v. s e t i he nt nt he r i s. e .t E. t 68; l Re e t i , 5 Va 3 , 7 , 7 S. 2 5 , 0 ( 9 6 .Pao e i e c tsa misb e n t g n Unv.2 2 . 68 3 4 4 7 E.d 01 5 5 1 9 ) r l v d n e t d sil, o i t c r d orva y c r c t r s bu t e t bls t r lco r tbe w e t pa te .' o ontadi r ont a t e m , t o s a i h he ea nt ac t en he r i s ' Tuomal,252 Va.a 37 477 S. 2d a 505. a c d Pr pe tDe Co. Be s de , Va. a t 4, E. t ; c or os c v. v. r ha r 258 75,84,515S. 2d291 296( 999) Suc c t ci ofana guousc tac i amatr E. , 1 . h onsnzton mbi onr t s te s it d t t f tfnde , ho m us c i rt e rns c e de e i de enni ng t pa tes ubm te o he ac i r w t ons de he xt i i vi nc n t ni he ri ' i e . Tuom a a,252 V a. 374, nt nt l at 477 S. 2d a 5 Ca c desN . e ur Lt P' hi v. E. t 05; s a V nt e d. s p PRC I ,249Va. 579,457S. 2d 370,373( 995 . nc. 574, E. 1 ) I s a c ng f t ti e pr t ton ofn bi n e r hi or ha nt r e a i m guous c r t pr vi i t tr as na y ontac ual o s ons ha e o bl r se t t pa tes i e i t c tm a r s tt e rnsce de e es c al e de e e c s he ri ' nt nton, he our y e or o xti i vi nc , pe i ly vi nc i c tng t pr c i lc t uc i t pa tesgi t pr s ons çW hen t t r sofa ndi a i he a tca ons r ton he r i ve he ovi i . t he e m n a e m e a e doubtulorunc t n, he i e pr t to pl ce t e by t pa te t m s ve gr e nt r f erai t nt r e a i n a d her on he ri s he el s i e il d t g ea wei a w ilbe f l e i t tm a be done w ihoutvi a i a i a e s ntte o r t ght nd l olow d f ha y t ol tng pplc bl l lprncpls' Da tDr v. c a ,221Va 989,995,277 S. 2d 1 1 ( 981 , ega i i e . r uc Niholkos ' . E. 55, 58 1 ) ( i L. Oui v. Loone 19 Va.5 55 7 S. 2d 1 15 ( 953 ) quotng O' l P. m v, 4 48, 2, 4 E. 57, 9 1 ). D e pie t a bi t ofpar gr ph 8 oft A g e m e ,Ca m e e as e t i is s co s t he m guiy a a he r e nt r us s r s n t e nd s ummayj r udgme motont tt r i no ge neis ofmaeilf ti diput t tt nt i ha hee s nui sue tra ac n s e ha he A ut iy i oblga e t pa t c t ofc tuc i t ber s r qui e by t pr f r . hort s i t d o y he os s onsr tng he m e r d he of e s 8 Ca m e e a g t tpr f s a e cr a ur s ofVi gi a 1 w a a s r us r ues ha of er r e t e r ni a nd, s uch,a e pa ta pa ce of r r nd r l t rz ngpr es .Se Va. he e oni oc s e CodeAl j 1 2m. 5. 2296(t- loughcondii z ng,...a tl r lll tonal oni z nn rca sfc to ma b alwe s b e tt c ranc n iinsp o f rdb t z n n o ig e lsiiain y e lo d u j c o e ti o dto r fe e y he o i g a i ntf t pr e t on oft c m t iy t ta e notgene a l a i a e t l nd sm ia l pplca or he ot c i he om m t ha r r ly pplc bl o a i l r y zone ' s aloHal v.Bd.ofZo ncAppe l f To ofBlc bur 277Va 250,273,673 d. ee s e ); ni as or wn a ks c, . S. 2d 170,182( E. 2009)(ç ofer aevolmtr commimensmadebylndownesi or rt t f s r t ay pr t t a r n de o f c lt t a ova ofc a iia e ppr l ondii lz ng a r z ng r tona oni nd e oni eque t by a e i a i t i pa tof ss m lor tng he m c deve opm e oft i pr r y on t l li r s r tz e a t c a t r a e r e of l nt he r ope t he oca nf a t uc lr nd he har c e nd nvionm nt a j ii gln I Vign a p o f r, nc a c p e h v t efr ee u l ot rq ie n so don n a d. n r ii, r fe s o e c e td, a e h o c q a t he e u rme t f t zoni or na e. (ntr cttonsomitdl.Came eas notst t Aut iy' he ng di nc ' i enal iai ' te ) r us lo e hathe hort s c r ntr tona e f notpa ng isi c s nm s c ur e a i l or yi t nvoi e ount rt t pos ton i t pr vi l whe i e o he ii t ook e ous y nt q si ue tonedwhe he ornott cosswe e f mi ng a orexta i orwe e o he wienont r he t r or ni nd/ r cton r t r s z ng r a e Fi l Ca m e e a gue t tt A ut iy hi t r c l ha r i bur e i f oni el t d. naly, r us r s ha he hort s o i aly s e m s d t or c t i ur e a trfna z ng a oval a t tt c s ofdeai be we n t pa te os s nc r d fe i l oni ppr , nd ha he our e lng t e he ris s uppors isr adi oft A gr m ent t t e ng he ee . TheAut iy dia e ,notng t tt Agr me m a sno m e i ofpr f r a hort s gr es i ha he ee nt ke nton ofe s nd t tt o y pr f rdic s d be we n t a c t csoft A g e m e , os ph Ferel o be l ha he nl ofe s us e t e he r hie t he r e nt J e r l, n haf ofCa us spr dec s orG l ,a W e lngt J nne e' e e s obal nd li on ones on be l oft A ut iy, onc r d , ha f he hort c e ne t r l to oft Cl r ook balfe dse e sy cove ed i pa agr ph 7. W eli on J ne he e oca i n he ea br l l xpr s l r n r a lngt o s t s ii d t tt Aut iy ne rl de t t pa f r s f ua ds t m i m i e t m i ng i pa t e tf e ha he hort ve m r ook o y o a eg r o ni z he ni m c on t c he omm uniy a isoblga i wa lm ie t ie ssrcl i ve i t r z ng t nd t i ton s i t d o t m ti ty nvol d n he e oni a i to a pr s ofr zoni untlr oni w a a oved. The Aut iy a s ar ue t t pplca i n nd oce s e ng, i ez ng s ppr hort l o g s ha budge s a bilngspr ded by Ca m e e a is e ne r di no c a n e ns as oc a e t nd li ovi r us nd t ngi e s d t ont i xpe es s i t d 9 wih be' co tuc i and a e i nsse wih t poston t ke by Ca m e enow. I t t t l nsr ton m r nco it nt t he ii a n r us n ha r ar t A ut iy a guest ti w oul ha m a no s ns f rt A ut iy t ag ee t c r eg d, he hort r ha t d ve de e e o he hort o r o ove e ns t c tu tber sf Ca me e a s h c t c i m a notoc urf m a yea si xpe es o onsr c m or r us s uc onsnz ton y c or ny r n t f ur he ut e. Pl nl genui is sofm aera f c a ai y, ne s ue t il a t bound a t t oblga i oft Aut iy t s o he i ton he hort o r i bur e Ca m e e is cos s e nde t co pl w ih isr zoni pr f r O n isf e t e m s r us t t xpe d o m y t t e ng of e s. t ac , he Ag e m e i ambi r e nt s guous a t pa olevi ncei i co lc a t whih i er ea i n oft , nd he r de s n nfit s o c nt pr tto he Agr e e r a ona y r l c st pa te i e .Thi is t r f e,r quie r s utonby a e m nt e s bl efe t he ri s' nt nt s s ue, he e or e r s e ol i jr u y. B. The Im pactof t A ut t s Faiure t Tender A cknow l he horiv' l o edted A m ount D ue s and O w i Carm e e nz us . Ca m e e nextar r us guest t eve unde t A ut iy' i em r t ton oft A gr e e , ha , n r he hor t s nt e a i he e m nt t Aut iy ha f ie t pa n he hort s a ld o y mount whih i c ede a eduea owi a t tt f l e s c t onc s r nd ng nd ha he aiur t tm ey t nde t s s si am a e i br a h oft Agr me .Unde t frtbr ac o i l e r he e um s t ral e c he ee nt r he is e h docti s e.e. ,Ta rne, e g. ndbe m l v.Adva ed M edi Desan. nc,No.1: v863,2009 W L r nc. nc a i I . 09c 40 7 1 ( D. . v. 3 2 0 ) Co nr sd Orho e is P. v Pe t n 2 Va 1 2 5 6 7 7 E. Va No 2 , 0 9 ; u ty ie t pa dc . C. . y o , 61 . 4 , 41 S. 2d27 ( 0 ) Ho tnv Ho tn 2 4Va 1 1 4 7 S. 2 2 0( 9 7 , nne eag e E. 9 2 01; ro . ro , 5 . 1 , 8 E. d 0 1 9 ) Ca us r u s t A ut iy' f iur t pa pr c ude i fom e or i t A gr m e . he hort s a l e o y e l s t r nf c ng he ee nt Alhough i hasl ng unde soodt ti o Ca m e e s t t o rt ha t wes r us ome money,t Aut iy he hort a gue t tt r hasbee no m a e i lbr c be us t Ag e m e i sl tast tm i ofa r s ha he e n t ra ea h, ca e he r e nt s ien o i ng ny r mbu s m e s and onl t f iur t m a tm ey pay e sconsiut amatra br c ei r e nt , y he al e o ke i l m nt tt es e i l ea h. Ca m e e r s r us e pondst tt pa tes pr orc s ofde i r l tng a hi t y ofpr pt ha he r i ' i our e alng efec i s or om pa e ,be i t s noton. I a e nt Ca m eus a s t ç tc ym nt les hi i n ny ve , r e s ers ç annots r ous y be c e d i ei l ont nde unde a c r um sa st tt ye r i ar s bl tm ef payment' Ca m e e' Sec r ny ic t nce ha wo a s s ea ona e i or . r us s ond ' Sum m .J M ot Re y Br,D kt # 83,a 6. . . pl . . t TheAut iy alo a gue t tt i ce s itd by Car us di notc an hort s r s ha he nvoi s ubm te me e d ont i s t ints ufk e uppori doc e a i W hiei pai s eoft e i c ,i di notpa tng um nt ton. l t d om hos nvoi es t d y i ce datd Nove be 3,201 Aprl1 2011 a J 3, 1f l k ofs nvoi s e m r 0, i 4, , nd une 201 or ac uppori tng doc e a i whi h doc e a i t A ut r t di notr ce ve untldi cove y co m e e um nt ton, c um nt t on he ho iy d e i i s r m nc d i t s c e Ca m e e a s r s t r w a no r qui e e t ti pr de s h doc e a i a n hi as . r us s e t he e s e r m nt ha t ovi uc um nt ton nd t ti w a t A ut iy whi h,a t r c vi t fr ti ce ofJ ha t s he hort c fer e ei ng he i s nvoi une 1 2008 c a ni 3, ont i ng s uppori doc tng ument ton,a t ly r ue t d s h doc e a i notbes nti t f ur unl s ai c ua l eq se uc um nt ton e n he ut e e s r ue t d.Ca me e s no r ue tf doc e a i n wa m a t i a trt lws twa eq se r us ays eq s or um ntto s de mtl fe he a ui s t l d. ie Ca me ecl m st tt Aut iy owesi $1733, 91, h ofwhi i f be r us ai ha he hort t , 247. muc ch s or nu consr ton. Att he i hel on Jm e 28,201 t A ut iy es i a ed t ta o m a e y t uc i he arng d t 2, he hort tm t ha ppr xi t l $500, ofno be m e ns sha notbe n r mbur e alhoug nota1oft e a 000 n- r xpe e d e ei s d, t h 1 hes mount we e s r d Cn me e,a s ue r us s omepos- t d fna r zo ng a ova .I s eque brefng,he Aut rt tda e i l e ni ppr l n ubs nt i i t ho iy c ede a t e i ton of s onc d fer xam na i uppor i doc e ato pr de by Ca us t ti ow e tng um nt i n ovi d nne e ha t s canue e $111542. 3 The f tt tt Aut rt owe s em one t Ca m e ef ce t n us , 02. ac ha he ho iy s om y o r us or rai 3I isbref t Aut iy saest ti çe r t pa e ofs h a ountt Ca m e e.'Aut iy' Opp.Br t n t i , he hort tt ha t t nde s he ym nt uc m t o r us ' hort s .o Se ond M o .f Sum m .J.Dkt # 82,a 26.Ca m e esae t ti hasnotr cevedt sam ountfom t Aut iy. c t or , . t r us tts ha t e i hi r he hort Car e e' Sec Sum m .J. ot Re y Br,Dk # 83,a 6 n. m us s ond M . pl . t t 4. caego i ofc t ha be n r a l ac t res oss s e e diy knowldged by t Aut iyy buti diput st e he hort 4 t s e he m a t oft m oni s cl i ed by Ca us Ce t nl t r i a w or d ofdif r ncebe w e n gniude he e am nne e. rai y, he e s l fe e t e Ca us sposton t tt Aut iy owesi $17 milon,a t Aut iy' r ce nne e' ii ha he hort t . li nd he hort s e nt ac knowldgeme t i owesCar e e $1115 02.J twha i owe t rt A g ee nt e nt hat t m us ,42. us t s d mde he r me wilu n,nlr eme s r , nt ej r ' viw o tep o rs o eo t er i u s me t l tr i a g a u e o h u y s e f h r pe c p f h emb re n o iainu d r r g a h 8 Ass c i i n t p r praet e trs mmayj d me ta ti bl to n e paa rp . u h,t s o a p o it o ne u r u g n t h s g tmea ten u td ec n o b ac ran da t i pon a a ist ev r it t ej r i s h mo n u a n t e s e tie t hs it nd wat h ed c of h u y. N one he e s Ca us ar ue t tt f c t tt A ut iy ac t l s , nne e g s ha he a t ha he hort know l edgesow i ng Ca me e as ofm one oblg t t c t o a yt s c l d fr tbr ac nzea de a e r us um y i a es he our t ppl he o- ale is e h l nd clr t tt A ut iy ca no l ha he hort n onge e or e t A gr em e . O s e i y, hi m e nst tCa m e e r nf c he e nt t ns bl t s a ha r us coul c d hoos t s op t f ow ofw a erf o ispr r i st t A ut iy a t A ut iy e o t he l t r m t ope te o he hort nd he hort woul bewihoutr co s d t e ur e. Si pl sat t trtbr a h r epr de t ti c r t pary who fr tc m y t ed, he i s e c ul ovi s ha i ontacual t a is omm isa t mat r albr c m a no s t e or s eque b e c by t o he pa t ' Ta be c,2009 e i ea h y t ue o nf ce ubs nt r a hes he t r ry. nd r ' W L 406771 at* ( 7, 2 empha i i orgi l.Sl r i,howe r a e e i t t tge r lr l ss n i na) ç- e s -he ve , n xc pton o ha ne a ue l n t br c di notgo t t tr toft c r t' onl t a mi pa toft whe he ea h d o he çoo he ontac'but y o nor r he c i rto ''CountvsdeOrhopa cs 261Va. t1 541S. 2d a 285( tngHoron, onsde ain.' r i t edi , a 54, E. t quoi t 254Va a 11 487S. a 203( i Fe a l . v.St rElc.Co.242Va. 468, . t 5, E. t quotng derl ns Co. ar e , 459, 4l S. 2d68 689( 991 ; l v.W hie 1 Va.358,366,1 S. 2d337,340( 941). 0 E. 4, 1 ) Neey t, 77 4 E. 1 )) Fu te , sn td i Ta d e a Gheij r dp rys frn fo amae il ra ho c n rc rh r a oe n n b r ,û nu e a t ufe ig r m t t ra b e c f o ta t 4Fo exa pl ,UweW end lteAuhoi s Rul 3 ( )6 d po io deine ,e tfe a flo : r m e i e,h t rt y' e 0 b() e st n sg e tsiid s olws i Q. An y 'la s a r e a d t e Sa iain Au h rt wi a r e t tt e e a e d ou l lo g e , n h n tto t o i l g e ha h r r y l c t goresofcosst ta e- e n unde t Sa tton Aut iy' i epr tton ae i t ha r ve r he niai hort s nt r ea i o t a re n aece ryri u sbe b tte v j s n tb e pad. fhe ge me t r lal emb ra l, u h y'e u t o e n i Co r t r ec . Ex.E t Car e e' Pari Sum m .J. . Dkt # 60- a 400. o m us s tal Br, . 2, t ne no i me a ey t r i t t con r c , m a outofpr ncea f ine s afo dt ed t m dit l e m nae he ta t but y, ude nd ar s , f r he br ac ng pa t a opporuniy t c e t br c ' 2009 W L 406771 a * O n t e hi ry n t t o ur he ea h. ' 7, t 4. he a i a i oft f r tbr ac nze t t sca e,f c ua q s i a pplc ton he i s e h l o hi s a t l ue tons bound. Fis , tw a t frtbr c W a i t Aut rt sf iur t pa t a o sd i rt wha s he is ea h? s t he ho iy' a l e o y he m unt ue n t bil s it d by Ca me e? Orwa i Ca me e' s he ls ubm te r us s t r us s ubmi son ofbil f m a hund eds si ls or ny r oft us ndsofdola sofbe m c tu ton e ns swhi h,undert Aut iy' ho a lr r onsr c i xpe e c he hort s itmrtto o teAg e me t weeu j siid n e eai n f h re n , r n u tfe ? Se ond, d t Aut iy m aeraly br c t c r tby wihhol ngpa nton c di he hort t i l ea h he ontac t di yme Ca m e e' bilngsafe N ovem be ,201 untlisbilng i r esw e e a w e e l ot r r us s li tr r 0 i t li nqui i r ns r d? n he wor , sf ines di t t t tt Au hort û alowe ape i oftme- e n i onl a s t ds doe ar s c ae ha he t iy t l d be rod i ve f y hor one- t c et br a i i ca ' Ta o ur he e ch f t n. ndbe g,2009 W L 406771 a * n t tr r we et ' r 7, t 4.l ha ega d, r he e f t oft A ut iy t obt i bac doc e a i n f r Ca m eus s bil a t A ut iy' f or s he hor t o a n kup um nt to o r e' ls nd he hort s fl go t d crao yj d me ta to ra o a l ef rst c r ? ii f he e l tr u g n ci n,e s n be fo t o u e n Thid,gi n t ove al s r ve he r l copeoft Ag ee e , ec zng o onehand t Aut iy' he r m nt r ogni i n he hort s s uppor f Canne e' r z ng e f r s ne es a y t a l is m i ng ope a i t expa a t or us s e oni f o t c s r o low t ni r tons o nd, nd on t ot rha alow i t A ut iy t obt n a pl ntf land c p s ce ofw a e ,c n t he he nd l ng he hort o ai e iu hea our t r a he ac knowldge f iur t pa $111542. rs t t lvelofam aeralbr c & ma e i l e d al e o y , 02 ie o he e t i ea h? t t ra A br a h i a f ilr t do s et ng t ti s f e c s a lze o om hi ha s o unda e a t t c r c t t f l e t m nt l o he ont a t hat he aiur o pe f r t toblga i de east e s i lpup os oft c r c . Horon, 4 Va. t11 r o m ha i ton f t he s enta e he onta t' ' t 25 a 5, 487 S. 2d a 20 Gi n t es e i pu pos oft sco r c ,i t f l e t t nde E. t 4. ve he s ntal r e hi nta t s he aiur o e r $111542. untlbilng quesi a er s ve s e s nta t tt pur eoft Ag e m e ti , 02 i li tons r e ol d o s e i l ha he pos he r e n s de ea e f t d? 13 l s o tb f r t c ur c nb c l du o t a pl tefrt r a hr l,h j r mu t n h r, eo e he o t a e al p n o p y h is b e c ue t e u y s e deemi ( )whehe t Agr me hasbee brac d;( whihpat i a br c t tr ne: 1 t r he ee nt n e he 2) c ry,f ny, ea hed he Ag e me ;( whihpa t i a br a he frt ( whehe s abr c wasmaeil a r e nt 3) c ry,f ny, e c d is; 4) t r uch ea h tra; nd ( fnal whehe t Aut rt beal d,i t wo dso t Ta 5) i ly, t r he ho iy lowe n he r f he ndber c tapr de a g our, u nt nd f i o po tnt t c r ? Onti fcual ds ue r c r , t r j g n c n o b ar p ru iy o ae h s a t ly ip td e o d sl y ud me t a n t e mma gr ntd. a e IV . Ca m e e ne a gue t Gi i undiput d t tt Aut iy,i vi a i oft r us xt r s hat ût s s e ha he hort n ol ton he A gr e e ,has f ie t s e m nt a l d o uppor Car e e' efor st r zo t Cl r ook Pr t ' t m us s f t o e ne he ea br opery.' Ca m e e sPa ta Sum m . Br, .# 60- ,a 1 Asnotd a r us ' ri l J. .Dkt 1 t 0. e bove, r r ph 8 oft pa ag a he Agr e e pr dest tt t rte r iea t r t nd t tc t n r zoni ...i e m nt ovi ha he l is ect nd mde sa ha erai e ng pa s c e aedi'ha ûll Aut rt s ontmplt 't t dthe ho iy upporsGl lsefors' t rs tt rzoni a t t t oba ' f t'wih e pec o e ng, nd ha t A ut iy agr est pa cos s a s i t d w ih t r zoni pr es . H ow e r pa a a 8 i he hor t e o y t s oc a e t he e ng oc s ve , r gr ph s wor d s h t tt Aut rt ss de uc ha he ho iy' uppor f Gl lsr z ng e f t i c t or oba ' e oni fors s ouche i t pr e d n he es nt t ns . l e t r i not ng i t A g ee e whi h s cii t e entt w hi h t e e nde d, he e s hi n he r m nt c pe fes he xt o c he A ut iy i r qui e t s hort s e r d o uppor r oni e f t i t f t e. On isf e, he ef e t t ez ng f ors n he u ur t ac t r or , he Agr e e i a guousast t naur a e e oft Aut iy' oblga i t s e m nt s mbi o he t e nd xt nt he hort s i ton o uppor t Ca m e e' r zo ng ef or s r us s e ni f t. Nordoest e de ecie by Ca me es he vi nc t d r us ugge tt tt sis i t s t d.Ca us s ha hi s ue s mdipu e nne e cl mst tdurngt l gil tvepr e sf t M i e own r zoni tt Aut iypu il ai ha i he e sa i oc s or he ddlt e ng,khe hort blc y s uppored t r oni i isco m e s a a r vi w i a t he ez ng n t m nt s e e ng genc a i an e a li s tt t y, nd n m i t en o he m e ber oft Boa d of Super s s ' Ca m e e' Se ond M ot f Sum m .J Br , kt # 8 a m s he r vi or .' r us s c . or . . D . 0, t ! 1 Howeve,i camst tdurngt s e ntCla bookrzoni t ç hort di not 8. r t li ha i he ubs que e r e ng,he t Aut iy d 14 r pond t Ca me e' r ques f co men ,de a ng Ca m e e' abiiy t fl isa i a in t es o r us s e t or m t l yi r us s lt o ie t pplc to o rzonet Cl r ookPr t ' L= a !24.Thi 1dCame et rqueta e epint t e he eabr opery. d t ' s e r us o e s n xc to o he Boa d' pr dur r r ng c m e s f o t Aut iy i or rt pr e w ih isr oni r s oce es equii om nt r m he hort n de o oce d t t ez ng a i to Ca m e e as e t i i t 'd a tona e ns by is de l e t am durng pplca i n. r us s r s t nc m e ddii l xpe es t ve opm nt e i t stm e,n t amountof$1 442. 1 hi i i he 0, 1 .TheAu hort diput a r ponsbiiy f t t iy s es ny es i lt or he r zoni a ova de ay. M i ha Ruddy,D e y D iec orofPl nni a D e opm e f e ng ppr l l c el put r t a ng nd vel nt or Fr de i k Count t tt e t tC a m e e' r zoni a i ton w a nothe d up by t e rc y, es ii d ha r us s e ng pplca i s l he Au hort sf iur t pr dec me ,butwa i t d pr es e a t ne a ia e Plnni t iy' al e o ovi om nt s nsea oc s d t he xt va lbl a ng Com m i s on m e tng. A ut iy' O pp. . o Sec M ot f Sum m . . Dkt # 8 a 6. si ei hort s Br t ond . or J , . 2, t Ca m e e ar r us guesf t rt tt com m en s s it d by t A ut iy,s e fve ur he ha he t ubm te he hor t om i mont l tr wer l s t n f l s hs ae , e e s ha uly uppori tve.l e Ca m e eas erst ti al te daed J nde d, r us s t ha n et r t une 1, 1, the A ut r t s a ed i woul be una e t s 201 t t ho iy t t t d bl o uppor t r z ng r t he e oni eque tunl s s es Ca me s ma emao c nc s in t t eAuh rt - i ef c a re t p o ieac n iun r u e d j r o e so s o h t o iy n fe t g e d o r vd o tn ig s c ofw a e wih ltl o no c i r ton. l i c e t tba e o t Aut iy' our e t r t ite r onsde a i t s l ar ha s d n he hort s s a e e st t Fr r c Count Boa d of Supe vior ,t Boa d t bl d Ca m eus sr zoni t t m nt o he ede i k y r r s s he r a e r e' e ng r eque t' Car e e' Pari lSum m . .Br,D k . 60- ,a 1 Cmn us c endst tt s. ' m us s ta J . t # 1 t 0. ne e ont ha he Boa d t e t r zoni r ques f s ve alm ont due t t a r ntdi put be w e r abl d he e ng e t or e r hs o he ppa e s e t en Ca m e e a t Aut iy. r us nd he hort The A ut r t c ho iy ount r by a gui t tt J 1, 1 l te on isf c doe no es r ng ha he une 201 e t r t a e s t i ca e a l k ofs ndi t ac uppor ,butr he r fec st Aut iy' vi t tt Cl r ook Pr f r t at r e l t he hort s ew ha he ea br of e St t e s d c a n t s e s tofa s a esa t t A ut iy' ac s t wa e ass t a em nt houl ont i he am or s ur nc s o he hor t s ce s o t r e f r h i t e r i M i e ow n Pr f r St t e . The i pac oft J o t n he a ler ddl t of e a em nt m t he une 1 2011 l te a t , e t r nd he Aut iy' e lert c m e ' poston a e l sst n cl ar M or ve ,t r doesnota ar hort s ari û om nt' ii r e ha e . no eo r he e ppe 15 t bea a isbl e de die ty lnki a aci ori ton on t pa toft Aut rt o ny dm s i e vi nce r c l i ng ny ton naci he r he ho iy w ih t de a i t Cl ar ook r zoni W e lngt J t he l y n he e br e ng. li on onest s ii d t twhie t A ut iy e tfe ha l he hort s p re t erz nn i t n e t ma es r t a e ey n u eso d (t s t a a tv u po td h e o ig,tt td o k u e h t v r o e nd rto iwa n') n cie wa pa tcpa i t r z ng,bec us t r zoni i be we n Gl lChe sonea t c mt ' rii nt n he e oni a e he e ng s t e oba m t nd he ot y.' Au hort sOpp.Br t M ot f Pari Summ . , . 65- a 47.J t iy' .o . or tal J.Dkt # 2, t oneswenton t t siy o e tf t thi unde sandi oft A ut iy' oblga i unde t Agr e entwa t t Aut rt ha s r t ng he hort s i tons r he e m s hat he ho iy t dn' publcl c eouta s t tt si a g t ng,i oughtt be done, we di s û coul t i y om nd ay ha hi s ood hi t o but d o prvatl a be nd t s e s' I a 60. Hec i d,ç t nk i wasm or t twe woul i e y nd hi he c ne .' d. t ontnue $ hi t 1 e ha d notsa t quany i t ba k ..W et htt swasa g de ,a we we egoi t tb he n he c . houg hi ood al nd r ng o s ppor i i t tf hi W e w oul nots y ot r i e.' 1 a 6l u t t n ha as on. d a he w s ' d. t . l s ,t r r mai agenui is ofma e i f c ast t i e oft pa tesast n um he e e ns ne s ue t ral a t o he nt nt he ri o wha ki ofs t nd uppo tt Aut iy wasr quie t ac or Car us sr zoni eforspur ua r he hort e r d o c d me e' e ng f t s nt t t Agr e e a a ge nei s ofm a e i f c a t whe he t Aut iy' co uc a o he e m nt nd nui s ue t ral a t s o t r he hort s nd t s r a dst Cl r ook r zoni m e t tsa r eg r he ea br e ng t ha t nda d. V. Ca m e e' fna a gum e i e n m or a t nua e I a guest ti i e il d t r us s i l r nt s ve e te t d. t r ha t s ntte o s mmayj d me tb c u et Auh rt h sa mitdt t<h ce ritn o teAg e me t u r u g n e a s he t o iy a d te ha i e la n e t f h r e n t w a t ha t Aut iy a or t cos s Ca m e e w oul ot r s i ur i de- a e i t s o ve he hort bs b he t r us d he wi e nc n w t rng he piswhe ei w a a tvel m i ng,a t tt Ag ee tr quie t Aut rt t dr w is t r t s c i y ni nd ha he r men e r d he ho iy o a t w a e f om t e s cii pis ' Ca m e e' Pa ta Sum m . Br ,Dkt # 60- a 1 t r r hos pe fc t . ' r us s ri l J. . . 1, t 0. Ca m e e ba e t s a gum e u t de ii t s i ony ofJ m e A nde s t r us s s hi r nt pon he poston e tm a s r on, he f me c i noft Aut iy' boa da Rul 30( ()de i once ti is . or r hanna he hort s r nd e b)6 sgnee ran sues Ande s tsiidt till ag e me waswe'egoi t tket tdic r t tsc ngou ron etfe ha lthe r e nt r ng o a ha s ha ge ha' omi t 16 oft a tvepi - we, he Sa t ton Au hort c e n i up ordit i up,wha e ryou ne d t he c i t t nia i t iy, l a t ry t t ve e o do,a puti i o t drnki w a ers y.' Ex.G t Ca m e e' Pa ta Sum m . .Br,Dkt # nd t nt he i ng t uppl ' o r us s r i l J . . 60- a 32.Andes we ont tsiyt tt hi knowldg t tswha wasdo .Ll W hie 2, t ron nt o e tf ha o s e e,ha ' t ne ta l t r co d c ai t sa ison,ot re de e i t r c d s he e r ont ns hi dm s i he vi nc n he e or uggesst c r r For t he onta y. exa e W eli onJ ,a he f merAut iyexe utvea Rul 30( ( de i e, mpl, lngt ones not r or hort c i nd e b)6) sgne t sii d t t çW ewe e tgoi t tkewae ou oft a tvepi.Tha wa goi t beGl l e tfe ha : t r n' ng o a tr t he c i t t s ng o oba Che sone' r ponsbiiy.Butwewo d t kei fo ot rpist twe e a ia e. m t s es i lt ul a t r m he t ha r va lbl ' ' Aut iy' Opp. .t M ot f Pa ta Slmm .J,Dkt # 65- ,Ex. a 67- W hieco e ng hort s Br o . or ri l l . . l 2, t 68. l nc di t tw a e w oul be a i pedi e t m i ng a ac i pi, ne w enton t s a e ii lwas i t ha t r d n m m nt o ni n tve t Jo s o t t lf n he quaryi ope a i Iw oul tw a t r l upon s e t r pa t t ge t w a eroutoft r r ng r ton, dn' nt o e y om hi d- r y o t he t he e. W ha i t y f l ' I a 68t f he aied? ' d. t 69. M or t t poi , e o he nt how e r t r i no pr s on oft A gr e e r qui i t ve , he e s ovi i he e m nt e rng he A ut iy t de- a era tve m i ng st s W hie t A g ee e pr dest A ut rt w ih t hort o w t c i ni ie . l he r m nt ovi he ho iy t he çunlm ie rghtt e r tw a e f o t qua r pis exc ptf t tam ountr qui e by G l l s i t d i o xtac t r r m he r y t , e or ha e rd oba f isopeai ,' A t Cameus sPa talSumm. Br,Dkt# 60- ,a ! 1,ii e no or t rtons'Ex. o r e' ri J. . . 1 t tmpos s afi tve o i ton on t Aut rt t r move wa e fom a tvem i ng ar as I d, fnna i blgai he ho iy o e tr r ci ni e . ndee par gr ph 11oft Agr m e ,sai t tCa a a he ee nt t tng ha nneus t l ope a e a m ant i isown e < l r t nd i a n t wi p mpn e uime tfra tv q ar i go rto , s g e t j t h c nr r .Ass c u ig q p n o cie u ry n peains' u g ss us t e o tay ' u h, Came e' moi f s r us s ton or ummayj r udgme ont is ofdewaei aci mi ngpisc l nt he sue - trng tve ni t amot be gr nt d. a e VI . A sge ne i s ofm a e i lf te s ast t oblga i oft A ut r t undert nui s ues t r a ac xi t o he i ton he ho iy he A g ee e t t y f r t c tas oci t d w ih t r zo ng pr s ' s r m nt o d pa o he os s a e t he e ni oce s, uppor t r zoni oft ' t he e ng he 17 ln frq ar i a tvte , n t d - tra tv miest s sl r j d me tc n o b a d o u ryng ciiis a d o ewae cie n ie , l mmay u g n a n t e e e e f Car e e By s pa a e O r r ism oto w ilbe de ed a t ca e s tf t i l nt r d or m us . e r t de , t i ns l ni nd he s e or ra . E trd ?Jn - 2-6 - /a nee : . , - - / * , ŠA.?e s+ ' J z-z> . .- M i hae F.Ur c l bans ki Unie St t Diti tJ e td aes src udg 18 .- -