-BWC Nigro v. Virginia Commonwealth University Medical College of Virginia, et al, No. 5:2009cv00064 - Document 157 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 10/31/2012. (ssm)
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tL ERZ: OFFI U., .#. :E : D1 oour ATR- OO , VA FI L I TH E U N I N TED STA TES D I STRI CO URT CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI NI CT RGI A HA RR I SON BU RG D I VISI ON T JULI . A D BY: *2 L CL- ' M C LA U D I N I RO , NE G Pl ntf, ai if Ci lA c i n N o. . c 0006 vi to 5. v094 V I GI I COM M ON W EA LTH U N I ERSI R N A V TY M EDI CAL COLLEGE OF VI NI e al, RGI A, f . De e f ndan s t. M EM O R AN DU M O PI I N N O By: H on. l n E.Co ad Ge nr Chi fUnie Stt sDititJ e e t d a e src udg Thi c s i c r nty be or t c t t def nda s'bil ofcoss Fort r s s a e s ure l f e he our on he e nt ls t. he ea ons s a e bel , he c t ilgr nte c oft d e nt r que t i pa t t t d ow t our w l a a h he ef nda s' e s s n r . 1. Fact and ProceduralBackaround ual Th plitf, a ieNir (t g o' rS litf ), rgn lyfldac mpan a an t e anif Cludn g o s r 'o ç anif oi ial ie o lit g i s Ni p t de e he f ndan so Augus 3,2009,al gi amyra ofsaea f r lcli ,i l ng t n t le ng i d tt nd ede a a ms ncudi alegai nsofge rdic i i to a r t la i u rTil VI oft Ci lli ht Ac .Thi l to nde s rm nai n nd e a iton nde te I he vi t g s t s c tgr nt i pa t de e i pa the de e nt 'motonst dim is a uli ael is our a ed n r and ni d n r t f nda s i o s s , nd tm t y sued afn l r e ga tngt d fn a t' to sf rs mmayj d me t Th d fn a t t e e c i a o d r r ni he ee d ns moin o u r u g n . e ee d ns h n a h fl s pa a ebil ofc t u rFe a Rul ofCi lPr e le 5 f e ns i un'd ied e r t ls oss nde der l e vi oc dtr 4 or xpe es nc e d rn p e rto f rtil ValyHe 1 S se (ç le He l ' fldisb lo c t o u ig rpaain o ra . le at y tm d ly at ) ie t il f oss n h va h' De e be 2,201 s e ng $1 238.0.Vigi a Com mon lh Uni r iy M edia Colegeof cm r 0, e ki 0, 8 r ni weat ve st cl l Vigi a(C r ni ç VCU' fl isbilofc t o De e r7,201 se ng$3, 42.Thepli if ' ied t l oss n c mbe ) 0, e ki 885. antf t a a e t c s t t Unie Stt sCo tofAppe sf t Fo t Cic t whih hen ppe l d he a e o he td a e ur al or he urh r ui, c ls t e pe or afnne ti c u tsga t fs mmayj d me t Thebil ofcossar now ri f fi d h s o r' r n o u r u g n. a j diain. du c to Th p an iffldo jcin t ted fnd ns b l o c ss ag igt tc ran e litf ie b e to s o h ee a t' il f o t, r un ha e ti s e ns c nno pr pe l be c r d a ns he . W ih r s ctt Va ly He lh' bilofcoss xpe es n t o ry ha ge gai t r t e pe o le at s l t, t eplitf o j cst $ 3 6 i fe f ro ti igt ed p sto ta cito Rya Do s n, h an if be t o 7 4.0 n e s o bann h e o i n rnsrp f n to i $477. i c t f e die delve y oft de ii n ta c i s a $493. i c t f r 70 n oss or xpe t d i r wo posto r ns rpt , nd 00 n oss o wha teplitf camsaed piaiesr iefec ag s Th p anifd e n to jc t t h an if li r u l tv e vc e h r e . e litf o s o be t o c Val Heat scli sf rt r mai ng $8, 90 s ti isbilofcoss Re di VCU ' ley lh' am o he e ni 533. ough n t l t . gar ng S r q e td e p nss teplitf o jcst a $ 5 .5f ef r h d p sto o Mih e Go ma , e u se x e e ,h an if be t o n 8 87 e o t e e o iin f c a l r n a wel s$ 1 3 i EcF p c rrg srto a dc p c t.Th p an ifd e no o j c t t e s la 1 0.2 n / a e e itain n o y oss e litf o s t be t o h r mai ng $2, 6. s ug i VCU ' bilofcoss e ni 91 35 o ht n S l t. II. D i cussi s on t eva lng pa te a e e tte t m ove f a a a d ofc t plr ua t Fede a Rul of ç pr ii r i s r n il d o or n w r os s zs nt o rl e Cii P o e u e5 ( )1. Te mz v. k e , 5F.d9 , 9 (t Ci.1 9 ) Ru e5 ( )1 vl r c d r 4 d ( )' a e Ba k r 3 3 78 9 5 4h r 9 4 . l 4 d () ' pr de ,i pe tne pat tul e safdea saut t s r e , ac t de pr de ovi s n ri nt r:t nls e rl tt e,he e uls or our or r ovi s g ot r s ,c t--ot rt n at ne sf e - s d bea l dt t pr ii pa t ' Fe he wie oss he ha tor y' e s houl lowe o he evalng ry. d. ' R. v. 5 d ( ) Ef er l ma e ce rta,nteo dn r c ure ap e al gp ryi Ci P. 4() 1. ç' ue k s la h t i h r iay o s , rv ii a t s -h n e ildt a a r ofc t ' Tea e 35F.da 996( tngConsa i v. S/ Ac les ntte o n wad oss. mz, 3 t cii ' tntno Am. T hil , 58 F. 1 ,1 ( hCi.1 :.l ee lher egi rs t aprsl i i fvorofa 0 2d 21 23 4t r 978 nd d,ç ul ves ie o e lmpton n a t n a r ofc sst t ep e aln pat. I . ctn Det Ai Lie s n . . g t45 U. 3 , wad o t o h r v iig ry' d (iig l r n s l c v Au us, 0 S. 46 ' a 352( 981 1 :. Se ton 1 ofTil 28 oft U nie St t s Code e e a est t c i 920 te he t d a e num r t he ypesofc t t xa e os s a bl unde Rul 54() a i ude tll esoft ceka ma s l . .gle f prnt o r e d , nd ncl s dte he lr nd rha; . fe s or i ed r ee to ial rc r e ta cit n c saiyo t ie frus i t ec s ; . (n q( e sf r lcr n c ly e o d d rnsrp s e e srl ban d o e n h a e . . a d t e o l e m plf c ton a t c t ofm a ng c esofa m a e i l whe et copi a e ne es a iy xe ii a i nd he os s ki opi ny t r a s r he es r c s r l ob a ne f us i t c e .... t i d or e n he as ' ' Cossf de ii ta c i sç c s rl obt i f us i t c e'a et xa e t or poston r ns rpt 4 es a iy aned or e n he as ' r a bl ne unde 28U. C.j1 2) I c est tne rma it tilcossf obti ngde ii r S. 920( . n as ha ve ke t o ra, t or ani poston ta c i sa et xa e when ç e ona y ne s a yf pr paa i f til'La v Cor v. r ns rpt r a bl d as bl ce s r or e rton or ra .' va r p Do ninFe ea Sa ig & Lo nAs ',8 0F. 5 2 5 8(t Ci. 98 ) c r d n e , 8 mi o d r l vn s a sn 3 2d 2 , 2 4h r 1 7, e t e id 4 4 U. 1 6 ( 9 8 .I s c c s s t eFo rh Cic ih sh l t a e c d p iin' n c si i S. 0 5 1 8 ) n u h a e ,h u t rut a ed h t a h e ost s e e st s o y d tr ne a t tmeiwast n.Seej. ee mi d t he i t ake J. s l h ro j cin t ted fn a t' lso c ss t ep an ifag e ta t ed po iin n e b e to s o h ee d ns bi f o t,h litf r u s h t h e sto s l ofRyanDos (hepl ntf shus nd)a Mi e Gonna weenotne esayt t ton t ai if ba nd cha l n r c s r o he de e nt 'pr pa a i f t i . W ih r s tt M r Dot on,M s N i o a guest tV a l y f nda s e r ton or ral t e pec o . s . gr r ha le He 1 di n tu ea yo M r Do s n' tsi n i i moin frsl r j d me t a dta at d o s n f . to s etmo y n t to o l h s mmay u g n , n h t i wa ob a ne s e y f dicove ypur esouti t bot ofne es a y tilpr r ton. t s t i d oll or s r pos sde he mds c s r ra epa a i Va ly Heat r pondsbyno i t i le 1h es tng he mpora eofM r Do s n' t si tnc . t o s e tmony wih r pec t t es t o p rin o t ed ma e came b t epanif I d e e c o tej si to o fr db o t s f h a g s li d y h litf. n e d, a h f h u tt ins fe e y o ka Va ly He t f why i wasne s a y t de eM r Doton c er t is ofdn es le alh or t ce s r o pos . s onc ns he s ue mag , eihe i t f m oft pl i ifsaleg d r c l s ,orhe d y t m ii t a e onomi t r n he or he antf l ed ie t os es r ut o tgae ny c c l s s s t i d.M r Do s n' de ii n wa tke on Se embe 1 201 a t os es he usane . t o s posto sa n pt r 6, 0, nd he di postve m o i de i w a Se e be 30,201 I ne de t i lw a s he e t be n i s ii tons adlne s pt m r 0. f e d, ra s c dul d o gi n D e m be oft tyea . The i s ofda age wasnotr e ntt Va l y H e t s s m a y ce r ha r s ue m s el va o le alh' um r j g n moin, n wo l o yaie i a alatratil r iti fv ro teplitf.Asa ud me t to a d u d nl rs ,f t l, fe ra vedc n a o f h an if 3 r s t t c ur c l sM r Doto sde ii wa no ne es a y f Va ly He lh' til e ul, he o t onc ude . s n' poston s t c s r or le a t s ra pr pa ai a t ,wilr uceVal Heat sbilofc t i t n o of$734. e r ton nd, hus l ed ley lh' l oss n he m unt 60. Conc m i VCU ' c am f t cos ofobt i ng ata crptofM r Gor a s e ng S l i or he t ani r ns i . m n' de ii t c tfndst sane e s r e ns a o itl txa eunde j 1 20( .M r poston,he our i hi c s ay xpe e pprpraey a bl r 9 2) . Gor n wast pli if sfrtnotc d de ii wines a wa herc efm ae G ompa aor' ma he antf is i e poston t s nd s hi l ç c rt ' wine s us d t e t bls he ca eofge rba e dic i nai I iso ni n de ngt t s , e o sa ih r s nde - s d s rmi ton. n t pi o nyi he de e nt m o i t dimis t c t e i nedt e se eofasm ia l st t dm a e f nda s' tons o s s , he our m nto he xitnc i lzy iua e l r sde whowasnott r i t ar f r nc t M r Gonna M s Ni o a s quot d M r e i nt e m naed, e e e e o . n. . gr lo e . Gor a e e i l i he own de ii I lg oft s VCU c d nothavebe n e c e m n xt nsve y n r poston. n i ht hi, oul e xpe t d t i nor M r Gor a sr e a t pl ntf c efc pa a orwine s a t c tf hi o g e . m n' ol s he ai i fs hi om r t t s , nd he os or s de ii c n betxe a i tM s Ni r poston a d gans . g o. Th p an ifas o j cst $ 7 7 i c sscame b ValyHe l frt ee p dt d e litf lo be t o 4 7.0 n o t li d y l e at o h x e i h e de i r ofde ii t a c i sofD r Kasr ky a Dr Sc a ne.t lve y pos ton r ns rpt . i s nd . hi vo t cour si t Fo t t n he urh Cic tha hed t tc t f e die pr to a eal wa ewhe t r ove i pa t c n r ui ve l ha os s or xpe t d oduci n r lo bl n he ec rng ry a s w ne s iy f t e die s r c ' For v.Za c Re lv.l ,708 F.Supp. 558,562 ho ce s t or he xpe t d e vi e. ' d l o a t nc. zd ( D. . 01 )(iigFersy AAF M c y l c, 0 8W L 4 5 5 , t* ( . Va F b21 E. Va 2 0 ctn ri . - oua s n .2 0 9 6 6 a 1 W D. . e , 2 0 :.Th p an ifd p s dte ei dvd aso Se tmb r1 a d 1 2 0 r ug l t 08 e litf e o e h s n iiu l n p e e 5 n 6 01 ,o h y wo we ksbe or t dipostve moto de dlne,s tf t e oft m on h,a Va ly He lh e f e he s ii in a i e or he nd he t nd le at a dVCU ctdbohd p sto si t ermo in frs mma yj d me tl lg t ft tme n i e t e o iin n h i to s o u r u g n .n ih o he i c t a n s i ved, he e ons r i t nvol t xpedie s r i a a sne es a y. A sa r ul,t pl i ifs t d e v ce ppe r c s r es t he a ntf o j cinst t e ec sswil eo er ld be to o h s o t lb v rue . Th p anifsfna o j ci nt ValyHe lh sb lo c t i t c ran s b o n d e e litf i l be to o l e at ' il f oss s o eti u p e a uc s t ctm s r i f es She a guest ta num be oft s r i e f sw e e duplca i a t tt e l e v ce e . r ha r he e v c ee r i tve, nd ha he 4 def nda ha notpr de ade uaedocz e a i oft ne f rm uli e s r i e . l is e nt s ovi d q t lm ntton he ed o tpl e v c s n t r s ns t t ep an ifso j cin , le He 1 d tise c o tec aln e f e , nd e po e o h litf b e to s Valy at eal a h f h h le g d e s a h o fr c n icngj siiai n f rb t tene e st o t ed c me t rq e tda dter ao fe s o vn i u tfc to s o oh h c s i f h o u ns e u se n h e s ns y why muli es r i at mpt we er uied t obt n t m .Asar s t t c twilove ze tpl e vce te s r eq r o ai he e ul,he our l m l t panifso j cint te$ 9 .0i f e . he litf b e to o h 4 30 n e s Fial,h plitf o j cs oVCU' r q etfr$1 03 i EcF p c rr gsrto a d n ly te an if be t t S e u s o 1 .2 n / a e e itain n c p c ss Un e j1 2 4 ) te sf re mpiiain a dc piso p p r n c sa i o tie o y o t. d r 9 0 4 ,f e o xe lfc to n o e f a e s e e srl ban d f y f us i t c e' a e t xa e. Thi doe no ,howe r i l co e m ade m e el f t or e n he as ' r a bl s s t ve , nc ude pi s r y or he c onve e ofc ni nce ouns l Fiehous R e t ur ntG r p.l . Sc m o LLC, 1 W L 493889, e. r e sa a ou nc v. ur nt 201 a * 8( S. Oc.1 , 01 ) r, t 1 D. C. t 7 2 1.Hee VCU c ne dsta c pe ween c sa yi o d rt o tn h t o is r e e s r n r e o pr det doc e st r pr s a i sfo t Ator y Ge r ' ofi ei Rihm o who ovi he um nt o e e enttve r m he t ne ne als fc n c nd, weea ssi gVCU' c u s lnh n ln t ec s .Gie t s u tfc to t ec u t o cu e r sitn S o n e i a d ig h ae v n hij siiain,h o r c n ld s t e m odes f sw e e i ur e m e e y f t c ve e e ofc hes t ee r nc r d r l or he on ni nc ouns ,a w ils t i t el nd l us a n he panipso j cin t t ec ss Se Si nsv. M a1y 2 5F. u p 2 4 2 4 ( M d litf b e to s o h o t. e mmo O' 1e , 3 S p . d 4 , 44 D. . 2 0 )( odngt a Sco t o e hbt o tie f rc u s lso u e' r n ta be . 0 2 h li h tt l ss f x iis b an d o o n e' wn s 'a e o txa l) l 11 1. C oncl i us on l a or nc w ih t above s a ed r s ns t co twilr uc V CU ' bilofc t by n cc da e t he t t ea o , he ur l ed e S l os s $11 32,a wilr duc Va ly He t sbilofcossby $73 60.Ther m ani c t outi d 0. nd l e e le alh' l t 4. e i ng oss lne i t de enda s bil ofcosswilbetxed a i tt pli if n he f nt' ls t l a gans he antf. ENTE R : Thi s 31 d yo oco e, 2012. V a f tb r ' . # Chi U nied St esD i t ctJudge ef t at sri