Premo Autobody, Inc. et al v. Parker et al, No. 3:2017cv00001 - Document 56 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 4/28/17. (hnw)
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CLERK' OFFI U. DI CoUU S CE S. SI e AT RLANOKE, VA FI LED I THE UNI N TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT FOR THE W ESTERN D I STRI OF VI GN A CT R CHARLOTTESVI LLE DI SI VI ON AF2 28 2 1 27 J E% CLERK BY2 ; . : . e D ERK PREM O AU TOBOD Y ,I C. e a1, N ,t . Ci lA c i N o.3: 7CV 00001 vi ton 1 Pl i if , a ntf s M EM O M N D U M O PI IO N N C.W AV ER LY PARK ER,e a . t l, Ho Gl n E.Conr d n. e a Chi fUnie Stt Diti tJ e td aes src udge De e nt f nda s. Pl i if Ge ge A. M a M a i L.M a a Pr m o Aut y, I br antfs or yo, re yo, nd e obod nc. ought t he i t nta to agans de enda s C.W a ry Pa ke ,M i ha lPa ke ,t She iff rt Ciy of nsa ci n i t f nt ve l r r c e r r he rf o he t Cha l ts le a t Unie St t s of Ame i a.The c e wa orgi ly fl i t Cic t rote vil, nd he t d a e rc as s i na l ied n he r ui Cou tf rt Ciy ofCha l te vil Vigni a t Unie Stt stm ey r m ove t m a tr r o he t ro ts le, r i a, nd he t d a e i l e d he te t t s co t The pl i if s e de l r t y r le i r a i t a s l of c ran pr ry a o hi ur. antfs e k c a aor e if n elton o ae e ti ope t nd a sr ac us ofa tonf tes si a i tcel nde e nt.Thematri c rntybeo e se t a e ci or r pasng gans rai fnda s te s ure l fr tec uto t P r r'moin frs mmayj g n a t Co ns1a d1,sv rn ea d h o r n v akes to s o u r ud met s o u t n l e ea c n r ma of Co 11 a t va a e t c lts or r gr ntng pl i if lave t a e t i e nd unt 1, nd o c t he otr' de a i antfs e o m nd her c ompli .The She ifha alo m o d t dim is t c m pl i agans hi .Fort r as ns ant rf s s ve o s s he o ant i t m he e o sae ,h moinsfrs ttd te to o ummayj g n a dt d s s wil g a td. 1oh rmoinswil r ud me t n o imis lbe rn e Al t e tô l be de e ni d. B ackzround Premo Autobody, Inc. et al v. Parker et al Doc. 56 PrmoAu o d I . : e ' i aVignaCopo ain whihf r iryman an dis e tbo y,ne (Trmo' s r ii r r to ) c o n el itie t o f si Chalte vle Vig na Am.Co l ! 2 Cu rn l,i i n ta tv l e g g d i fke n ro ts il, r i i. mp . . re ty t s o ciey n a e n bus ne s but is prnc pa ofi e a r gi t r d a nt i G e ge M a i s, t i i l f c r nd e se e ge s or yo, a r i nt of esde Chal ts le 1 M areM a i Ge geM a ss e(ole tvey,he$ a '. roté vil. d. i yo s or yo' pous c lci l t G yos' M ) Dockets.Justia.com The Unie Stt hol a s ur d c am a i tPr mo i t n omtofa oxi ael t d aes ds ec e l i ga ns e n he m t ppr m t y $ 1 ,7 31b vrueo tnNoie o Fe e a TM Lin (C FTU' lldp i rt No mb r1 , 1 93 7. y it f e tc s f d r l e S N ) ie ro o ve e 5 20 1 JJ ! 9 On De e e 1 , 01 ,d fn a t C. a e l a M iha lPak r(olciey, 1 .-S . 1 . . c mb r 5 2 5 ee d n s W v ry nd c e r e c le tv l t t r e s' o ti d a j d me t a an tPrmo i t e a u t o $ 93 ( t r e he t k r' b ane u g n g is e n h mo n f 4 ,01 t l k r pa ) he pa J d me f S e Fia Or e,Pake v.P e ,No.5 0 .5 0 3 9 ( .Ci.Ct De .1 , u g n ). e n l d r r r r mo 4 C11 0 0 7 Va r . c 8 20 5,Do k t . - .On Fe r éy 1 , 01 t Cic i Co r f rt eCiy o Ch rots il 1 ) c e No 412 b u r 1 2 6,he r ut u t o h t f alte v l e is d awrtoffe if ci i e c i oft Pa ke J gm e t Se W rtofFir Fa i s Do ke s ue i r a as n xe uton he r r ud n . e i e i ca , c t N o.413. 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I Co I of t i a e d a orgi r ni nd he td ae i y e n unt he r m nde nd i nal . c pl i s pl i i f s e a de l r to t t t Unie St t s i e il t t pr o iy i om a nt , a ntf s e k c a a i n ha he t d a e s ntted o he i r t n pa ntofalpr ee fo t s e of a Pr m o pr ry.CountI,lbe e S n e pl a r' yme l oc ds r m he al ny e ope t l a l d û t r e de , i ' s e a de l r ton t tt Unie Stt s i e il t a pr ee oft Nove be Sae a e ks c a a i ha he t d a e s ntted o ny oc ds he m r l nd a ypr c e sfo s bs q e ts lso Prmop o ry Plitfsas s e t ej i teSh rf n o e d ' m u e u n ae f e r pet. an if lo e k o n on h eif r fom a diG buton o s h pr ee whie t i t nt a ton i pe ng.Cot II o t r ny s i f uc oc ds l he nsa c i s ndi mt I f he odgi l c na ompl i i l d a a ton f tes s agans t Pa ke s a She if Br ant ncude n c i or r pas i t he r r nd rf own. 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The Unied Stt ha a s tl d a c os c am a i tt Pa ke s s ki a or r of t aes s lo s e r s l i gans he r r , ee ng n de f e osle on t f de alt x le .She ifBr or cl tr he e r a ins rf own a s fl a c os c am a ns t Pa ke s l o ied r s l i gai t he r r , a sri ta t ePak r aela l t S eifBr wn p s a tt Vign aCo ej8013 7 f r set h t h r es r ibe o h rf o , uru n o r ii d . - 6 , o ng a1 cai as e td agans hi .On Aprl1 201 t c the d a hea i on va i m o i ns l l ms s re i t m i 2, 7, he our l rng rous to . Them a tr ha bee f l bre ed a a erpef r vi w. te s ve n uly i f nd r i or e e D i cussi s on Sher f Bro n' M oton t D i m i s if w s i o s s I hi n e d ans e ,Sherf Br n a s rs a ç e i Ba . S e s i ba ha be n n s m nde w r if ow s e t ç a n r ' ç a n r ve e pl ' pl a ihe by t Fe r lRul s o Ci i Pr e e....Ne rhe e s i i pr pe t te t bols d he de a e f v l oc dur ve t l s , t s o r o r at he dee nt'jpla ngsasamoi t dimisf filr t saeacam . 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' s be t nc, S. 2 ( 9 6 .W h n d cdn wheh rt g a tamoi n f rs mmmy j d me t t e c u tmus 48 1 8 ) e e iig t e o rn to o u u g n, h o r t viw t r c d i t lghtm os f vor bl t t non- o ng pa t a dr w a1r s na e e he e or n he i t a a e o he m vi ry nd a l ea o bl i ernc i hi fvor J a 255;seas Te r sFl Fa hi .l v. llngtn I us.I , nf e es n s a .Z t e lo ry' oor s ons nc. Btri o nd . nc. 7 3 F.d 6 4 61 (t Ci.1 8 ) He e t ePak r ha emo d frs mmayj dg n a t 6 2 0 , 0 4h r 9 5 . r , h r es v ve o u r u me t s o Cot sIa I. mt nd I A . C ountl Cot 1s e a d l r ton t ta 1pr e 9om t s l ofPr m o pr pe t bel t mt e ks ec a a i ha 1 oc eds he a e e o ry ong o t Unie Stts Vigi alw prvi t twhe api eofpr ry s j c t awrto fei he td ae . r ni a o des ha n ec ope t ub e t o i f ir f c a i s d,t pr edsa eus t s tsy t fe if c a a t s l ,i a i r pa d t a i s s ol he oce r ed o aif he r a i s nd he up us f ny, s e i o t d b o . .Co e j80 - 9 Ho v r i te p o e t a is i s b e tt ap ir s n o he e tr Va d .14 5. we e , f h r p ry t sue s u j c o ro , e ir s cliy itr s,i ma n v rhee sb lv e u o f rt s tsa to o aj no feifca . e t t n eet t y e e t ls e e id p n o he aifcin f u ir ir a is r S eVa Co e j8014 0 W h np o e t s b e tt asniritr s i lvidt stsyaj n o e . d . . - 8 . e r p ry u j c o e o n ee t s e e o aif u ir le ,o e o t o to swilr s l;()t ep o e t wi b s l fe a d ce ro t s n o in n f wo uc me l eu t 1 h r p ry l e o d r e n la f he e ir l itrs; r()t s no itr s wil e i atc e t t ep o e' d s iet s l. n eet o 2 he e ir nee t lrman 'a h d o h r p ly e pt he ae t t I t s ni s cliy i e es i d a pa bl prort t s e t ofi e exe utng t f he e or e trt nt r t s ue nd ya e i o he al, he fc r c i he feif ca ç y s l t ep o ry fe o s c (el r s ctiy itr s .... I (mp ss ir a is ç ma el h r pe t re f u h s ro ! e t t n ee t i r ' d. e hai ' a d d . h t e t ep o e t i s l s be tt t esnirl no fe a d ce ro i r man te d e ) W eh r h r p ry s od u j c o h e o i r re n la f t e i s h e dicei oft lvyi ox c r J l t e ntt tt ofieritndst s l t pr pet fe srton he e ng e .. n he ve ha he fc ne o el he o ry r e Z a c e r oft s hi i e e t t ofi e mus fr tpr de t s ni le hol r s fcint nd l a he e or nt r s, he fc r t is ovi he e or i n de uf e no i e.Afe t s l t ofi e a i t pr ee f r tt t pa tc tr he ae, he fc r pples he oc ds f s o he ymen of s h s c iy t uc e urt i e e t a t r sdue, s f r a ne es a y, t t s ts a ton of t fe i f is' 1 nt r s, nd he e i o a s c s r o he aif c i he i r aca .' d. 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Co l p. tt t iy- e c i tc o he td tts S e . C. 4 5 1 H. n S. a Co $; , v. td S ae ,4 F.S p 75 ,75 ( . Pa 1 7 )(und rs7 2 4 )an nj d ca s l Uni tts 61 u p. 2 5 W D. . 9 8 ç e 4 5 b o -u iil ae e ç dvet p o ryo af d rltx le o l i: 1 Th Uni dS ae fie t fl t erc r noie i ss rpet f e ea a in ny f ( ) e t tts ald o ie h e o d tc e o t ele 3 d y b f r t sl ; r( )t eUntd S ae c nsnt t a te sl ds h r e t f h in 0 a s eo e he ae o 2 h ie tts o e s h t h ae ic ag s he le o ( )t e ce io c mple wih n tc p o iinsp e cie b s cin 7 2 ()a t in; r 3 h rdtr o is t oie r v so r s rb d y e to 4 5 c nd he r g ai n pr mugae t rt e . Eve i' eUrtd S ae i o n tc o tes l,tmus e ulto s o l td heemd r' ). n ft l e tts s n o ie f h ae i t h i c nsn t a t ep o e t wi bes l fe a dce ro isl ns S eIR. j7 2 ()2 ; o te o e t h t h r p ry l od re n la f t i . e . C. 4 5 c( ) S uh m l e Ba k o La d r aeCt . I 7 0F.d 1 01 1 0 n. ( 1hCi.1 8 )( oi gt a t esau e n f u ed l y v.RS, 7 2 0 , 0 2 3 1 t r 9 5 n tn h t h tt t r uie t Unie St t st c e tt dic r o t t x le whe t pr ry i s d a a eq r s he t d a e o ons n o s ha ge f he a i ns n he ope t s ol t no j iil ae.I teisa tc s, h UntdS ae d dn t e even tc o t eS eifss l nudca s l) n h n tn a e t e ie tts i o r c i oie f h h rf ae a di no c e .Se M o i t I ewe 5,Doc tNo.41 1 Co eque l t nd d t ons nt e ton o ntl ne ke - 2. ns nty, mderf de a e rl l w, hetx le r m an o t pr ry. a t a i ns e i n he ope t Fi ly,i a na l t ppea s t t c tt ta 1pa te a ee t t t pr ry atis r mai r o he our ha l ri s gr ha he ope t s ue e ns s be tt tetx le sa d ta teUntdS ae d e n th v a itr s i t p o e d . n i u jc o h a in n h t h i tts o s o a e n ne et n he r c e s I t e s br e ,t U nie St t c nc des t ti no l r as e t a c a m t t pr e .D e .s Br i i f he t d a es o e ha t onge s r s l i o he oce ds f' . n Res 1 Doc tNo.46.I t ad,t Urie St t sr afimsisco e i t ti hol a s ni r p. , ke nse he lt d a e e fr t nt nton ha t ds e o s czed i e e ti t Pr mo pr pe y.I Si ia l t pl i if as e tt tt y ç r e wih e lr nt r s n he e o rt d. m l ry, he antfs s r ha he ç e t ag (heUnie Stt ' a yssa saet ts h rs ti f t rma t by t f iur oft t td aes) nal i nd tt ha uc e ul s urhe ndaed ' he al e he She ift pr ry c rf o ope l onduc a s l ofpr ry fe a c e ro le asm a t d by t Vigi a t ae ope t r e nd l a f i ns nda e he r ni Co e 5 . - 0' Pl. Br i Op n 4 Do ke No.4 .The c u tt ee o e fnd t a b t d 80148 . s' . n p' , c t ' 7 o r h rf r i s h t oh Vigi a a f de a lw m a t t s me c l i nsbe r a d:t tt pr e fom t r ni nd e r l a nda e he a oncuso e che ha he oc eds r he s l we e pr pe l diti e t t Pa ke s t t t Unied St t s has no i t r t i t ae r o ry srbutd o he r r ; ha he t ae n e es n he pr e f o t s e;a t tt f r lt x le r m an on t Pr mo pr ry.The c t oc eds r m he al nd ha he ede a a ins e i he e ope t our wilt r f e dim is Cot 1 asi s e a de a a i t tt Unie Stt s ha a i e e ti l he e or s s mt , t e ks clr ton ha he t d a e s n nt r s n s h pr e ds uc oc e . B. C o 1 unt 1 W hie syl d a a <nt p l de y Count1 s ks a s e a deca ai n t tt Unie l t e s n t e ea r' i ' 1 ee e ks lr to ha he t d St t si e il t a pr e dsoft No mbe 30,201 She if ss l a a pr e fom a e s ntted o ny oc e he ve r 6 rf a e nd ny oce ds r s bsq e t s ls o P e p o e t. 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