Harrington v. African American Matchmaking, No. 3:2016cv00084 - Document 10 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 5/8/17. (hnw)
Download PDF
I THE UN I N TED STA TES D I I COU RT STR CT FOR THE W ESTERN DI STRI OF VI CT RGN A CHA M O TTESV I LLE DI I ON V SI CL ERKS OFFI U.. ST. CE S DI COURT ATROANOKE, VA FI LED MA 28 2 1 ï 27 , BY; D L CL EY ERK r/CL ERK BLAI HAI NE UUNGTON , Pli tf, a n if Ci lAc i No.3:6CV00084 vi ton 1 M EM OR ANDUM OPI ON NI AFRI CAN AM EI UCAN M A TCH M A K I G , N By:Hon. e E. Gln Conr d a ChifUnie St t sDititJ e t d a e src udge D e e nt f nda . Plitf Bli Harn o tdlrigtn'fldti c p rg tifig me t cin a an t anif ane rigtn s arn o ' ie h s o y ih n rn e n a to g is l l d fn a tAfia Ameia M ac madn ($ ' o De e e 1 , 5 algngvo ains ee d n rc n rc n th l g ç AAM ' n c mb r 4 201 , le i ilto ) o t e Co y ih Ac,1 U. C.j 1 e s q Th p an ifh sn w fld amoin frd fut f h p rg t t 7 S. 01 t e . e litf a o ie to o ea l j d me tu e Rul 5 ()o t Fe ea Rue o Cii P o e t e Fo t r a o s'ae t u g n nd r e 5b f he d rl ls f vl r c dl . r he e s n s td,he r t m oto wilbegr nt d. in l a e Fact Backeround ual I rv e n amoinf rd fulj g n ,h c u t c e t a t et welpe d d n e iwig to o ea tud me tt e o r a c p s s nz he l- la e f c a a lga i i t c a m l le tons n he ompl i a t la lt Se Rya v. ant s o i biiy. e n Homec ncsFi Newor 253 omi n. t k, F.d7 : 8 - (t Ci. 0 ) 3 78 7 0 81 4h r 2 01 . Thepl i ifi a ex re e c antf s n pe inc d, omm e c a ta la l a i phot a r Defnda i r i l r ve nd oc ton ogr phe . e nt s ama c ki a dai we ief Afi n- e i n i vi l . t hma ng nd tng bst or rca Am rca ndi dua s AAM c r nty has22, ure l 060 Harrington v. African American Matchmaking Doc. 10 me e s On S p e e 1 2 01 tepanifc pl e t p ooga h û mb r . e tmb r , 0 ,h litf a tr d he h t rp ç 01 1 -2. g't z BER- - 9 0 j '(he p ç t r ph' a publs t Phot rph on Aprl 1 2011.Pli if rgitr d t i og a ), nd pho ihed he og a i 7, antf e see he Phot r ph wih t Unie Stt CopyrghtOfi e on Aprl26,2011.Be nni on ora ut og a t he t d a es i fc i gi ng bo Jme 1 201 t de e ntcopid a posed t Pho ogr ph t ac ompa a a tce o t t , 5, he f nda e nd t he t a o c ny n ri l n he Dockets.Justia.com e e t he we st f rAfia Ame ia M ac mn n (AM M ' .The def ndant copi d and posed t b i o rc n e rc n th kig 1 & ' ) Phot a on no l st n s ve ditnc URTs ogr ph es ha e n si t ,. Pli iffld t s c antf e hi oppi hti rnge e a ton agans AAM on De mbe 1 2015, g nfi m nt c i i t ce r 4, algi viltonsoft CopyrghtAc,1 U. C.j1 e sq. rcod s le ng oai he i t 7 S. 01 t e The e r howst tt owne ha he r ofAfi a Am e i a M a c l wass r ed on J nua y 3,201 To da e Afi a Ame i a rc n rc n t hmadng ev a r 7. t , rc n rc n M atbm a ng ha no fl a r po i pl a ng.An e r ofde a twa fld agans Afi a c ki s t ied es nsve e di nty f ul s e i t rc n Ameia M ac mn i go F b ay1 , 01 , u s a t oRue5 ()o t Fe e a Rulso Cii rc n th k n n e nlr 0 2 7 p ru n t l 5 a fhe d r l e f vl P o e u e Plitf h sn w mo e f rd f utud me tThema tri rp f rrv e r c d r . an if a o v b o ea lj g n . te s ie o e iw. St andard ofR evi w e Un e Rul 5 o ' e Fe ea Ru e o Cii Pr c d r ,d fulj d me ti at -tp d r e 5 ft d rl ls f v l o e u e ea t u g n s wo se h p o e s Se J fes n v Brn r l .4 F. u p. d4 0 4 3 ( D. . 0 6 . irt e tyo r c s . e efro . ie .nc, 61 S p 2 3 , 3 E. Va 2 0 ) Pro o nr f d futj d me t t r mu tb a e ty o d fut S eFe R.Ci P. 5 a . trd ful i ea l u g n, hee s e n nr f ea l. e d. v. 5 () Afe ea t s e trdb t eClr , p ryma mo etec ur f rd fulj d me t nd rRue5 () n ee y h ek a a t y v h o t o ea t u g n u e l 5b . Upon de a t al oft welplade f t a l ed i t c f ul, 1 he l- e d acs leg n he ompli m a bet ke a tu ant y a n s r e. Se Rm n,25 F.d a 7 0 (ç h d fn a t b li d fu t a misp an ifs welp e d d e 3 3 t 8 çTj e ee d n , y zs ea l, d t litf' l la e l - alg to so f cl ' (nen l iaino te ) s eas Fe . Ci P. ( )6 . c r igy,n le ain f a t.' itr a ctto mitd ; e lo d R. v. 8 b () Ac o dn l i j) ted fut u g n c ne t t t p r p it iq iyi wh te o n ttefc o t epla i g h ea lj d me t o tx ,he t p o rae n ur s eh r r o h a e f h e d n s a s p rs te d ful j d me t a d t e c us s o a to te en. An e s n v Fo n .f r u po t h ea t u g n n h a e f cin h r i ' d ro . u d o ' Adva e nt Educ.& Emp' ofAm .l a , 99- 508,1 U. App. nc me . t ndi ns No. 1 999 S. LEXI 1 S 8633,a * t2 ( hCi. 4t r Aug.1 1 ) 0, 999 . Alhoug t w e lpl a d f c ua a l ga i ns i a c pl i a e ac e e as t ue f t h he l- e de a t l le to n om a nt r c pt d r or p r o e o d fut u g n , pa t wh d f ut d e n ta mit ealg to sa t t a u t u p s s f ea lj d me t a ry o ea l o s o d t h le ain s o he mo n s o d ma e . e Fe . Ci. 8 b ( ) p o ii gt tçanalg to - oh r h no er ltn t f a g s S e d R. v P. ( )6 ( r v dn ha ç q l ain t e t a n eaig o g e 2 t n omtofdn a s- i a itd i ar s he m t m ge s dm te f e ponsvepl a ng i r quie a t ale ton i no i e di s e r d nd he lgai s t d nid'. n e ue ty it ec u t ee mie ta la lt i etb ih d imu tte d tr ne e e ' Co s q nl ,f h o r d tr n s h t ibi y s sa ls e ,t s h n ee mi ) i t a o it nmot ofda a s Rya 253F. a 78 81. n s doi t c u'm a c he ppr pra e mt m ge . n, 3d t 0- l o ng, he ot t y onduc t a e d nir he rn u e Rul 5 ( )2 . ec u t yas ma ead tr n to o d ma e n vie tay a ig nd r e 5 b () Th o r ma lo k eemiain f a g s wihoutahe rng asl ast ei a a qua ee de i r ba i i t r or f t a r Se t ai ong her s n de t vi nta y ss n he ec d or he wa d. e An e s n,1 5F.d a 5 7( o igta Gns mecrl tn e ad src c u t n ei ad fut d ro 5 3 t 0 n tn h t t o icz a c s itit o r e trng e a l i ms j d me tma a r d ma e a c ran b efo t pla ig wih u hodn ahe rn ) u g n y wad a g s s e tia l r m he e dn s to t l ig aif'. D i si scus on To e tb ih c p rg tifi e n ,Gwo ee n smu tb p o e :( )o es i o a sa ls o y ih n rng me t l lme t s e r v n 1 wn rhp f t v ld c py ih,a () c p i g o c n tme tee n s o t wok t ta e o iia. Fes ai o rg t nd 2 o y n f o si n lme t f he r ha r rgn l' it ' Pu lm Ic v Rt a Te. r .l c, 9 U. 3 0 3 1( 9 )Thec u t le e t t an if s b ' n . . l l lSevsn .4 9 S. 4 , 6 1 91. o r beiv s ha plitf ha r esa ihe t tbo h elm e sa e me .Pl n ifha s tbls d ha t e nt r t aitf s hown t tde e ntco e t Phot r ph ha f nda pi d he og a a t t pl n if owned a vai c i .Thus t c twil a e s pl i ifs r quese nd ha aitf ld opyrght , he our l ddr s antf e t d rme is Plitf s e st er me isprvie b t eCo rg tAc,1 U. C.j 5 2 5 4() e de . an if e k h e de o d d y h py ih t 7 S. j 0 , 0 c a d 5 5 ()a ij n to p o btn f rhe i rn i us o t eP t g a h a d ()sato y n 0 : 1 n nu cin r hiiig u t r nfigng e f h hoo rp , n 2 ttt r z da a si t nmountof$1 750. m ge n he 5, Th Co y ih Ac p o ie ta ç an c u t vn j s ito o acvla to aiig e p rg t t r v d s h t i q y o r ha ig midcin f ii cin rsn g t e t stte ma . . rn tmp rr a fn lijmcin o s h tr a i ma d e md r hi il y . g a t e o ay nd i a nt to s n uc e ms s t y e m ra o a l t p e e t r e tanifig me t f c p g t'1 U. C. 5 2 a.n u ci er le e s n b e o rv n o r sri n rn e n o a o pi h ' 7 S. j 0 ()lj n tv eif i a o i t w he t na ur of t i rnge e pr ve s a a ua e r m edy a l w ,a a s ppr pr a e n he t e he nf i m nt e nt n deq t e t a nd p r n n ij n to i e p cal a p o rae wh n atr a o c n iut i fig me te ss e ma e t nu cin s s e ily p r p it e h e t f o tn ig n rn e n xit. l S eM . E. u i v Ki l. n . 1 9F. u p. d4 9 4 3( D. . .0 0 Cç ro sdsrc e L. M sc . mb e I c, 0 S p 2 6 , 7 S. W Va2 0 ) vai u itit co t wihi t scr ui ha he dt twhe aca m ofc pyrghti rnge e tha bee pr n, urs t n hi ic t ve l ha n li o i nfi m n s n ove a 3 pema e tij n to p o btn f rhe ifig me t i a prp it a d r ui l e tr d' . r n n nu cin r hiiig u t r n rn e n s s p o rae n o t y nee .) ne ' He e,pli if ha pr n a cli of c i i rnge nt a t r i no i c to t t r antf s ove am opyrght nf i me nd he e s ndi ai n ha A i de e f ndan i e t ntnds t sop t i rng m e .Cons que l t cour fnds t t a pe ne o t he nfi e nt e nty, he t i ha nna nt ijmcini a prm it . n l to s p o ae TheCo rg tAc as al wsf rsauo y d ma e .Se 1 U. C.j5 4() 1 (ç py ih t lo lo o tt tr n g s e 7 S. 0 c () t The c p rg to e ma ee t a a y t beo efn l u g n i rn e e , or c v r i ta o o y ih wn r y lc, t n i me f r i a j d me t s e d r d t e o e ,nse d f acualdn a sa pr is a a r ofsa u o y dn a sf a1i rnge e s...n as ofno t m ge nd ott, n wa d tt t r m ge or 1 nfi m nt i um t ls t a $ 5 o mo çta $ 00 0a tec u t o i es u t' . p an ifma ee tsato y e s h n 7 0 r r h n 3 ,0 s h o r c nsd r j s.) A litf y lc tttr ' z dn a s f co i i rnge e whehe or no t r i a uae e de e of t a t l m ge or pyrght nfi m nt t r t he e s deq t vi nc he c ua d ma e s fee b plitf Se J c o v S uki,2 5 F.S p .2d 1 9 ,1 01 ( D.Ca. a g s u frd y anif e a ks n . tr e 5 up 0 6 1 N. l 2 0 ) Ditit c m' a e af r e wie ds rto i s tig d ma e a t s S e F. . 0 3 . src o t r fo d d d icein n et a g momt. e W s n W o l rh Co v.Co tmpo ay Ars I . 3 4 U. 2 ,2313 ( 9 2 .l e e csn ti owo t . ne rr t. nc, 4 S. 28 -2 1 5 ) n x r iig h s d srto ,ad srd c u tc n ie st e f lo n fco s ç 1 t e e p ns qs v d a d p ois icein iti o r o sd r h olwig a tr : $ ) h x e e a e n r ft ( ra db d fnd n si c n e to wi t ei rn e n ;2 r v n e l s b t panif ; n e pe y e e a t n o n cin t h nfig me t () e e u s o t y he litfs a d h ( )wh t rteifi e n wa wi f l ndkn wi o wheh ri wa a cd n a o ino e t' 3 ehe h n rng me t s l u a l o ng r t e t s c ie tl r n c n . ' J s rla M us c Co. M CA . I a pe il i . nc. v. W i s LounR A s oc. 837 ng' e s , Supp. 1 59, 1 61 ( . W . .9 3 . tt tr d ma e a ep iu al a p o raei c s si whc t ed fn a t SD. Va1 9 ) S auo y a g s r m c lry p r p it n a e n ih h e e d n hasf ie t m ot a de e e orpa tcpae i dic r t r by i r sng t difc t i al d o mt ny f ns rii t n s ove y, he e nc ea i he fiuly n a c r a ni an a t ldam a .J c o 255 F.Su 2d a 1101.H e e t pl i i fur es t s e t i ng y c ua ges a ks n, pp. t r , he a ntf g he c t o a r saut y dn a sof$1 750. our t wa d t t or m ge 5, l lgh o t f c t tt de e n ha de a t t de e nthasno de n i t f he a t ha he f nda t s f uled,he f nda t monsr t dt t ta e ha t i rnge nt we e imoce .I t ad,t pli if ha pld t t t i nge nt we e he nfi me s r l nt nse he antf s e ha he ni me s r c mmitdwilul . mp . 1 By vru o t ed fut t c u t c e t t s alg to sa o te l ly Co l ! 4. ite f h e a l,he o r a c ps he e l ain s f e 4 tue.Se Rya 253 F. a 780.W he t i rnge e i w ilu ,tc t t pialy a r r e n, 3d t n he nfi m nt s lf l &ours y c l wa d s b tnilymo eta t mi mu o sauo yd ma e'EM IAp i M u i t c v. d u z u sa tal r h n he ni m f tttr a g . ' rl sc n . Ro dg e , 6 1F. u p. d6 2 6 5 ( . N. 2 0 . i ce s da r t e-e t d tre tp r s o 9 S p 2 3 , 3 M D. C. 01 ) An n ra e wad t l s he eern upo e f sv t saue'1 (i n F. . o l rhCo, 4 U. a 2 3 . r, litf h sp e ta AAM he ttt . d.ct g W W owo t .3 4 S. t 3 ) Hee p an if a ld h t ' i c e a pose t Pho ogr pht s ve ditnc URIs Pl i ifs kst e tm e t a ountof opi d nd t d he t a o e n s i t ,. antf ee hr e i s he m t mi mum sa t y a r f r e h vi ai n.Tadng i t co i r ton A AM ' wilul he ni tm or wa d o ac olto l n o nsde a i s lf i rnge nt a t dee f tze vi a i ,t c rtwil g a pli if 'r que t a a r nfi me , nd o tr ' lr oltons he ou u l r nt a ntfs e s nd wa d pl ntf at alof$1 750 i sa ut y da ai if ot 5, n tt or mage . s Concl on usi Fo t e r a o sae ,t e c u twi g a tplitY s mo in f r d futj d me t r h e s ns tt d h o r l rn an i l to o e a l u g n . J udgme wilbe e e e i fvo ofpl i if a i tAfi a Am e i a M a c ki i t nt l nt r d n a r antf gans rc n rc n t hma ng n he a t o $1 ,5 ,a d Afia Ameia M ac madng wi be e j i d fo a y f rhe momt f 57 0 n rc n rc n th l l l n one r m n u t r i rnge e . nf i m nt The Cl r i die t d t s nd c rii co e o t s m e and l opi o a t ek s rce o e e tfed pi s f hi mor lm ni n nd he ac c ompa ng or rt Afi a Am e i a M a c adngand alc nyi de o rc n rc n thm l l ouns lofr c d. e e or DATED : i V M d yo Ma 2 7. Ths a f y, 01 ChifUnied St t DititJ e t aes src udge