Harrison et al v. Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC et al, No. 3:2016cv00014 - Document 57 (W.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Glen E. Conrad on 4/28/17. (hnw)
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cLERK' OF CE U. DI COURT s FI S. SQ AT ROANOKE, VA FI LED I TH E UN I N TED STA TES DI STRI COU RT CT FOR TH E W ESTERN D I STRI OF VI GI I CT R NA CHARLOTTESVI LLE DI SI VI ON AFR 2 8 2 1 27 J BY: UDL CLERK . L ERK R OG ER G . AR RI H SON ,e a . t l, Ci lA c i N o.3: 6- vi ton 1 CV 0001 4 Pl ntf s ai i f , M EM O M N D UM O PI I N N O Ho Gl n E. n. e Com'd a Chi fU nie St t D i ti tJ e t d a es s r c udge CARRI NGTON M ORTGAGE, SERVI CES,LLC,e a . t l, D e e nt . f nda s Pli tfs Roge a Ka l Ha rs fl d t i t nt a ton unde t Far Cr t a n if r nd ra rion ie he nsa c i r he i edi Re ri Ac,15U. C.j1 x s q.a i tdee nt Ca ngt M o t geSe vc s LLC po tng t S. 681 ! e gans fnda s ni on rga r ie , a Equia I onnai Se v c s LLC.The ca e i pr s nty be or t c to t pli tfs nd f x nf ton r i e , s s e e l f e he our n he a n if ' moin fratr y sfe p ru n t Ru e3 ()5 o t eFe ea Ru e o Ci lP o e l e F r to o tone ' e s u s a t o l 7 a( ) f h d rl ls f vi r c dz . o r t r a onssaed, hem o i wilbe de e he e s tt t ton l nid. B ackzround Pli tfs fl d ce ti dic r r que t on de enda Ca rngt M o t e Se vies a n if ie ra n s ove y e ss f nt ri on rgag r c , td n n o ' icu i sv ne n itro ao is Carn o o j ce t e c G i gtn), n ldng e e t e n er g tre . rigtn b e td o a h ca i e r t r as e tng t tt i e r t i s we e va a n bi ous ove br d,t y nt roga o y, s ri ha he ntr ogaore r gue nd m gu , r oa mdul bur ns e, i r l va , s ug doc e s ea iy a c sbl t pl i if , no r a ona y de om r e e nt o ht um nt sl c es i e o antfs t e s bl 7 cac a e t l ad t t dic r ofa isbl doc lult d o e o he s ove y dm s i e ument,a s htprvie d orot r s s nd oug i l ge he wie Harrison et al v. Carrington Mortgage Services, LLC et al Doc. 57 e mpt i o m ai n. Cani on t pr e d t a we m a of t 'nt l ga ores by xe nf r to ngt hen oc ede o ns r ny he i ew t i r f r i t doc l e s pr uc d i di co r The e a w e s i l d r f r nc t doc e s e e r ng o lm nt od e n s ve y. s ns r nc ude e e e es o um nt t t c i t d of be w e n t o a t e hl d e page . I r pondi t one of pl i if ' ha ons s e t e w nd hr e m r d s n es ng o a ntf s i e r t re s ki t i ntfc to of c rai i vi l lkey t have dic r bl nt roga o i s ee ng he de iia i n e t n ndi dua s i l o s ove a e Dockets.Justia.com i or ai n, Ca rngt sa e t t t s cfc i vi l we e ço be dee mi d. See nf m to r i on t t d ha he pe ii ndi dua s r ç t t r ne ' ' Ca rngtn' Re p.t P1. I er . Doc tNo.39- Ca ngtn a s f ie t r s ri o s s o s ' ntr ogs, ke 1. ni o lo al d o e pond t o c ran i e r t re at t r Pli if bei ve t e r s es t be i deq t a e ti nt roga o is logehe . antfs le d hes e pons o na ua e nd at mpt d t r s ve t is wih Ca ngt De pie t s e f t t pa tes c d not te e o e ol he s ue t ni on. s t hi foz he ri oul i or ly r s vet dicove y diput a pl ntfss e nty fl d am oto t co l nf ma l e ol he s r s e, nd ai if ubs que l ie i n o mpe . The co utc t ' onduced a he rng o t m oton t co lon M a c 1 201 Ea le t t t a i n he i o mpe r h , 7. ri r ha da Ca rngtn pr ded n e d i e r t y a we s whih t c t ed ast ba i ofis y, ri o ovi m nde ntr ogaor ns r , c he our us he s s t r l g .Rui g o t e o j cins i l u o a i d p h e au to o t e s sce c o t ui s ln n h be to n i f n n-e t v lain f h af in y f he n e e it g r s nss t c u t o er ld d fnd n ' o j cins a t eg t o plitfs xsi e po e , he o r v rue ee a ts be to s o i h f an if' n itro ao is s san d i pa t ndo e r ldi pa t e e d n ' o j cin i r g r st fu ner g t re ; u ti e n r a v rue n r d f n a ts b e to s n e ad o o r o te itro ao is a s sane d fn a ts o j ci n a t f u o plitfs f h n er g t re ; nd u ti d ee d n ' b e to s s o o r f an if' i e r t re .Thec tdi notadd e spl i if 'i e oga o y num be s ve ee l s r,t nt roga o is our d r s antfs nt n- t r r e nt n. n ho t he c ur gr nt d i pa ta de ed i pa pli if 'm o i t c pe .The e fe ,Ca rngt fl d o t a e n r nd ni n rt antfs ton o om l r a tr r i on ie s eme a r s ns .The pl i if ha now fl t i t ntmoton s ki at ne sf s uppl nt l e po es antfs ve ied he nsa i ee ng tor y' ee p ru n t F d rlRul o Cii P o e u e3 ()5 . ematrh sb e f l b ifd a d t u s a t o e ea e f v l r c d r 7 a( ) Th te a e n ul ree n he y pa tesha a s t tt y do notr quie ahe rng.I i rpef r vi w. ri ve dvied ha he e r a i t s i or e e Di scuss on i Fe ea Rue o Cii P o e u e 3 ()5 g v r t e pa me to atr y s fe a d r l l f vl r c d r 7 a( ) o ens h y n f tone ' e s nd e pe e i dic r dipu es W he t co t gr nt t moton t c x ns s n s ove y s t . n he ur ' s he a i o ompe, a a r i l n wa d s ma d tr t e so o t r ee l r td e c p insa p is ()t emo n fld amoin t n ao y mls ne f h e nl ae x e to p le : 1 h va t ie me to o co lprort a tmptngi good fih t o an t dico r wihoutc ti e ve in,( mpe i o te i n at o bti he s vey t our ntr nto 2) t n n ico l e o o j cin wa s b tn ilyj siid,o ()ohe cr l tnc sma e a he o ds lsz r b e to s u sa tal u tfe r 3 t r icz a e k n r ms a r o e p n e u j t S e Fe .R.Ci P.3 ()5 ( .I o o t t r e e c pinsi wa d f x e s s nus. e d v. 7 a ()A) f ne f he h e x e to s pr s nt t co ' ( tno ' a r e ns a f s I I t moton i gr nt d i pa ta e e , he ut G t mus t' wa d xpe es nd ee . d. f he i s a e n r nd d n e i p l Ru e 3 ()5 ( al ws t e c u tt a po t n ra o a l e pe e a is e id n at l 7 a( )C) lo h o r o p ri e s n be x ns s t t o dicei I ;Ba l v. r n,No.2: s rton. d. row He ma 13CV00033,2015U. 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Ne Fe . 6 2 5 (Th p r dfe e c b t e Rul 3 ()5 ( a Ru e3 ()5( i v. b 2 , 01 ) l e dma y ifr n e ewe n e 7 a( )A) nd l 7 a ()C) s t a a a r i ds rto a yt e Rul 3 ()5( .) l tei tn matr tec u tg a t d h t n wa d s icein r md r e 7 a( )C)' . n h nsa t te, h o r r ne ' i pm' a de e i pa tpl i if 'm oto t c n t nd ni d n r antfs i n o ompe .The pl i if pr va ld o s e oft l antfs e ie n om he itro ao is t c u t usan ds meo t d fnd n ' o j cin , n t ec u t v r ldi n er g t re ,he o r s tie o f he ee a ts be to s a d h o r o enze n pa' a d s sane i patoh r o j ci n .Ac o dngy Rue 3 ()5 ( a p is a d i i t n u ti d n r t e be to s c r i l , l 7 a( )C) p le , n t s t wihi t co tsdic e i whehe t a t n he ur ' s r ton t r o ppori e ns s I de e mi ng whehe a a r of ton xpe e . n t r ni t r n wa d a t ne sf si a opra e t c tc i r t pur e ofRul 37:ç o a l t ditit tor y' ee s ppr it , he our onsde s he pos e ç low he src t co t t punih de i r t nonc urs o s lbe a e ompla e wih t f de a r l s ofd s ove y a t de e s h inc t he e r l u e i c r nd o t r uc co uc i t f t e'Zor sv.Spe i lv I . 1 F. 1 2,1 U. App. nd t n he u ur .' ne c at ndus, 66 3d 21 998 S. LEXI 31 S 686, a * 9( t Ci.1 9 )(mp bls e ) t 2 4h r 9 8 t u ih d . Th a lss t e Ru e 3 ()5 ( c ne ae t e e to s e u rtd i e nay i md r l 7 a( )C) o tmplts he xc p ih n meae n 3 ()5 ( . tp e o v. fz rI c,2 4U. Dit LEXI 9 8 9 a * - ( . N. J l 9 7 a( )A) S e h ns n P ie n . 01 S. s. S 2 5 , t 5 6 M D. C. uy , 201 ) (Ru e 3 ( )5 ( e fciey i o rts t s b tn ie sa d r s o Rue 4 & 1 7 a()C) fe tv l nc po ae he u sa tv tn ad f l t 3 ()5 ( .) Th r fr ,te e p ns so a ds o ey moin ma b i s d u n a p ry 7 a( )A)' . ee o e h x e e f ic v r to ' y e mpo e po at o de e t pr r r d o oduce dicove y whe e t tpa t s c s r r ha ry' onduc ne es iaed t moton unls o of t c st t he i e s ne t etr ee c pinsa ple . e Fe R. v. 3 ()5 ( . r ,hep risd no d s u eta h l e x e to p is S e d. Ci P. 7 a( )A) He e t a t o t ip t h t l e pl i if a t m pt t obt i t di c ve y w ihout t i e ve i o t c t l t ad, a ntf s te ed o a n he s o r t he nt r nton f he our . ns e Ca n o ag e t tt erfiu et prvieterq se ds o ey wa s b tn ilyj tte ni gtn r u s ha h i alr o o d h e uetd ic v r s u sa tal usi d i o a a r o e p ns swo l b t u t r n wad f x e e ud e mj s. ç p ry stsist eGu tnil j siid'sa d r ift r i ag n i d s u ea t G a t aife h s bsa tal u tfe tn ad i hee s e une ip t s o A y pr pe r s uto ori a r a o bl pe s c d t nk t tt f iur t pr o r e ol i n f e s na e r on oul hi ha he al e o oduce dic r i s ove y s c r e t t ti ,i i has a r as bl bass i lw a f t' Skv Ca e LLC v.Coly,No. o r c , ha s f t e ona e i n a nd ac . ' bl . e 51 CV0 0 8 2 5 U. Dit LEXI 1 6 9 ,a * ( . Va Aug 2 2 5 .l u t ha e :1 0 4 , 01 S. s. S 0 3 3 t 8 W D. . .1 , 01 ) ç rs v co c n ld d ta tu sa ta j siiain' c ud i cu e ma i g me i ro s o j cin t o cu e h t s b tn il u tfc to o l n ld kn rt i u b e to s o o r que t d dic r o e n e gi i a lgii t diput overt s que ofdic r ' e s e s ove y, r ve nga ng n e tma e s e he e nce s ove y. ' Ke v. ri, 6 F. D. 9 , 9 - 7( M d 2 0 ) S mial wh n d tr i n wheh ra mp Hars 2 3 R. 2 3 2 6 9 D. . 0 9 . i lry, e ee m nig t e n ' a r o atr y' fe wo l b u j s, h c u tlo st f t fco s ç 1 wheh rt en n wad f tone s e s ud e n u t t e o r o k o èl a t r: 1 ) te h o r ( c mpyig p ry a td i b d fih ( )t a u to p eudc t a n n o in ec u e t o l n a t ce n a at , 2 he mo n f rj ie h t o c mpla c a s d he a v ray, 3 tene d f rd tre eo t ep riulrs r o n n c mpl nc ,a ( )wh te d es r ( ) h e o eernc f h a t a o t f o -o i e nd 4 eh r c a l sd a tc s nc i woul be m o e efe tve. Ande s v.Fo es r si a tons d r f ci ' ' r on und.f Adva me .Ed & or nce nt uc. Emplyto Am. n in ,1 5F.d5 0 5 4( t Ci.1 9 ) o ' f I da s 5 3 0 , 0 4h r 9 8 . Fe ea Rul o Cii P o e l e3 ()p o i e ta apat ma p o u eb sn s rc r s d rl e f vl r c dz 3 d r v d s h t ry y r d c u ie s e o d r i le ofr s nd ng t i e n iu e po i o nt noga o is whe t a we m a be a c rane fom s h r c ds t re n he ns r y s e ti d r uc e or . S e Fe .R.Ci P.3 ( ) No eh ls,Rue 3 r q ie t a G a s ct to s l b i e d v. 3 d . n t ee s l 3 e ur s h t f q pe i in hal e n l ka s fc e tde alt pe mi t i e r tng pa' t l a e a t i ntf a r a l a c n t ufi i n t i o r t he ntroga i ly o oc t nd o de iy, s e diy s a he t pa t s r e t r c dsf rwhih t a we ma be a c rane ' Se Hil d Ent r . l v. ry e v d, he e or o c he ns r y s e ti d.' e lyar e s. nc. W arn 0i Co, . 0 re l .No 5:2CV3 9 20 3 U. Dit LEXI 2 9 2 a * ( D. C. a 31 2 0 ) 2 , 0 S. s. S 7 2 , t 4 E. N. J n. , 0 3 . The s cfct r q rme t i 3 () 1 i d sg e t lmi t e p a tc o ç ie tn t e pe iiiy e uie n n 3 d () s e in d o i t h rcie f ç r ci g h d i e r tng pa t t a m as ofbus ne s r c ds .... Fe R .Ci P.33 A d s y Com m it e' nt r oga i ry o s i s e or ' d. ' v. vi or te s N o e.Ac r ngl t r s t co di y, he e pondi pa t K st dut t s iy,by caego y and l aton,t ng ry G he y o pecf ha t r oc i he r co dsf om w hi h a w e st i e r t i s c n be de i ' H il r Ent r sl ,2003 U . e r r c ns r o nt r oga or e a rved.' lya d e s. nc. S. 4 Dit LEXI 279 a *4.I m ay notsm pl die tt opposng pa t ç o a und fe e it d s. S 22, t t i y r c he i ry l n t if r nta e ma so r c r s'Se i .(u tn Fe . Ci .P. 3 a v s r c mmitesnoe ) Th rf r ,a s f e o d . e d q o ig d R. v 3 d ioy o te ' ts. ee o e ' dump o t a ofdoc nt i a t ga z d m n ri nots fce .Se M i e v.W els f hous nds ume s n n mor nie nne s ufi int e nt r l Fa Ba k N. , 6F. D. 7 , 7 - 9( M d. 01 ) mo n e A.28 R. 2 3 2 8 7 D. 2 2 . 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C. 0 ) i lry wh n rigtn i o ee e c i r s i doc nt ordi no r s nd t t i t roga or Ca ng on as e t t tr a ona e e ponsve ume s d t e po o he n e r t y, ni l s rs ha e s bl pes nsc u ddfe a t temeiso i o j cins ro o l ifr s o h rt f t b e to . s I t i m oto t c pe ,pli if di not a s tt t Ca rngt s r la e on Rul n her i n o om l antfs d s er ha r i on' e inc e 3 ( ) wa i r p r I ta , panif ag e () ta Carngo s o j cin we e 3d s mp o e . nse d li tfs r u d 1 h t ri tn' b e to s r ia p o raey b iep ae ()t a Carn o si lme tto o Rue 3 ()wa i u fce t n p r p itl olr lt , 2 h t rigtn' mpe n ain f l 3 d s ns fiin i t tCa rngt d pe hund e ofpag ofdoc e t i t d o s iyi whe e i t n ha r i on um d r ds es um n s nsea f pecf ng r n he d c me t t a s r c ud b fu d, n ( )t tf rs meitrog t re , ni go ddno o u ns he n we s o l e o n a d 3 ha o o n er ao is Ca n tn i t pr de r e e st r s ovi ef r nce o e pons ve doc e sordi nota w e a t t r i um nt d ns r loge he . Upon r vi w of Ca ngt s i tal r s es i a ar t t Ca rngt pr de e e ni on' nii e pons , t ppe s ha r i on ovi d ai i f t t gores lm nt nd he oca i ns hos ' lm nt . Pl ntf s wih ca e i of doc l e s a t l to of t e doc l e s For exam pl e, Ca ngt n die t d pl i if t r ni o r c e a ntf s o oughl s ve y- i pa s of t r i i N ot , t t oy e nt fve ge û v c ng se es' he w page ' ç a aci Hit l 'a ove o hund e pag oft çorgi ton Fie. The c t e v ç ns ton soy ' nd r ne Tr r d es he ç i na i l' ' our obs r es t ti s ha , n ome r s ns s t md ro page r f e e i sgni a i compa on t t t t l e po e , he mbe f s e er nc d s i t nt n k ds o he o a nu eso d cl n sp o u e I s me c s s h we e ,Ca ngo r fre t b t e j s mb r f o tme t r d c d. n o a e , o v r ni tn eerd o ewe n u t t a a doz n page .The c tdoesno bele t e r s wo nd e s our t ive hes e pons st be t e eg ous s tof e o he gr i or ç o l n dz 't a Rul 3 ()atmp st p e n .S e e:. Gr s e v.Au o om wr l c ç cz t l d me mp' h t e 3 d te t o rve t e , . , ak ts n. Co. 6 7 F.S p 2 1 05 1 0 ( Ne 20 9 ( r d cin o 70 d c me t wa n t ,4 u p. d 1 , 1 8 D. b. 0 ) p o u to f ,00 o u ns s o s fiin t e 3 ( );I r Et c m I c, . 2 , 1 U. Dit LEXI 1 8 3 ,a * 3 4 u fce t md r 3 d ) n e hio n .No 23 7 20 3 S. s. S 825 t 29 ( D. .Va J y 2 ,201 )( tn t tp o uci n o o e 9 milo p g sdd n ts tsy t S. W . ul 6 3 noig ha r d to f v r l n a e . i o aif he i s cfct rq ie n o Rue3 (). pe iiiy e urme t f l 3 d) Nor u , pon r viw of t s e e alr s ns ,doe t c tfnd t t t r i a e e he upplm nt e po es s he our i ha he e s sgnii a d fe e e i t pa r nges pr de i Ca rngt s i tal r pons s a is i fc nt if r nc n he ge a ovi d n ri on' nii es e nd t s e e t r pons s I t ad,t ma r i whi h t i o m a i i pr s nt d has be n upplm n al es e . nse he nne n c he nf r ton s e e e e s t ntal c ng wih Ca rngt pr d ng ac u l r pons s i t a of r e rng t t ubsa i ly ha ed, t ri on ovi i t a es e nse d ef ri o he docl e s pr tm nt oduce f ma of t i t rog t i .Se Ca rngtn' Supplm e alRe ps, d or ny he n e r a ores e r i o s e nt s . Doc t No. 54. The e s e e a r s ke s upplm ntl e pons s ar c itnt wih t co ts r i on e e onsse t he ur ' ulngs Carn tn' o j cins Fu temo e t t ee tn tec u t r e e Carn è t rs o dwh n ri go s b e to . rh r r, o h xe t h o r od r d rigtn o e p n e i di notr f e e r s i doc e s t c tbele st tr as bl dii nta t ne t d e er nc e ponsve um nt, he our ive ha e ona e, lge tor ys c ul h v c me t dfe e t c n l ins a t t e meis o t o j cin.Fo e n e o d a e o o ifr n o cuso s o h rt f he b e to r x mpl, Ca rngtn di not pr de a r pons f i or ton t t i bei ve t be a ia e i t ri o d ovi es e or nf ma i ha t le d o val bl n he publc r or Se e. ,Stu he s Sci & l ' Cop .v.Gen.Foods Cor ,45 F. D.375,38 i ec d. e, g. r t r . ntl p. R. 0 ( D. x 1 6 )( tn ta a itro aoy c n b o j cina l o t ek o n sta i s e S. Te . 9 8 noig h t n n er g tr a e b e to b e n h r u d h t t e ks i o maini t publcr c d) nf r to n he i e or . Ca rngt a s a s r s t t i ge ne y be i ve t t pl i if ' i e r t i we e r i on l o s e t ha t nui l le d ha a ntf s nt r oga ores r ove l br d.W hie t c tr cog z t t Ca rngt m a ha i pr ry us d t e c r y oa l he our e ni es ha r i on y ve m ope l e he xa t 6 s me ln a et o j c t e ey itro ao y Ca n o sp sto ce ry ha s me mei. a a gu g o be t o v r n er g t r , ni gtn' o i n la l d o i rt The c ur s t i d i pa ta ove ed i pa tor outi s t i many of def nda ' o t usane n r nd nul n r rght usaned e nts o j cinsf rn al h l o t itro ao is I a la to i tn e t ec u tmo i d t b e to o e ry af f he n er g tre . n t e s ne nsa c , h o r dse he l ngua oft i er t r t na r t s pebef r r quii Ca rngtn t a wer I s a ge he nt roga o y o row he co o e e rng ri o o ns . n um, t c tfnds t tt r was ç ge ne dipu e a t pr pe r s ut o ori a r a ona e pe s he our i ha he e 1 nui a s t s o o r e ol i n f e s bl r on c ud ti t ttefiue . . wa jc re t' k Ca l. o l hnk ha h al r . ( s o rc . S y b e LLC, 5U. Dit LEXI 1 6 9 , ' 201 S. s. S 033 a * ;Pees n v. nma ,2 7 F. D.1 ,1 ( D. 20 5 ( o igt a ap ry' a to sae t 8 tro Ha t n 2 R. 3 6 D. C. 0 ) n tn h t a t s cin r s bsa tal j tfe i t is ep e e td i o t a ç o l e e e ars n il dfee c u tnil usiid f he su r sn e s ne h t ç ud ng nd r epo sbe ifrn e y c o o i o n n c nsin iu ,dlg n l)b tr a o a l a vo ae . 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