-PMS Reid v. Carico et al, No. 2:2011cv00031 - Document 62 (W.D. Va. 2012)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by Judge Samuel G. Wilson on 8/10/2012. (lmh)
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rLERK: OF CEU .s.Dl COURT FI sT. AT RoM oi , c VA AlyR a t 1g / c Eggg I TH E UN I N TED STATES DI STR I C O U R T CT FO R TH E W E STER N D I STRI O F VI G I I CT R N A BIG STO N E G AP DIVISI N O FR ANK E .R EID , Pl ntf , ai if V. J.CARI e/aI, CO . D ef endant s. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) 22 1 22 Z A J sYULI c. Dt : D/ pu C i lAct on N o.2: vi i 11cv00031 M EM O R AN DU M O PIN I N O By:Sam ue G.W is l lon U nie St esD i t i tJudge t d at src Thi i a a tonptrua t 42U. C.j 1 3a Vigi asae1 by FrnkE.Rei a s s n ci ls nt o S. 98 nd r ni tt aw a d, V igi a i a e, i tf urc r c i lo fc r t r dr s a l ge vi a i ofRe d' rgh s r ni nm t aga ns o or e tona f i e s o e e s le d ol tons i si t a i i o ofa J y 1 2009, s ur nc a W a l ns Ri St t Pr s n. Re d cl i st tt rs ng ut ul 0, dit ba e t le dge a e i o i a m ha he d e nt,c r c i ofi e sCa i o,Ro ns n, xon,a Cr f us e es i f r on ef nda s ore tonal fc r rc bi o Di nd at ed xc sve o ce hi a de e hi me c lte t nti vi ai n oft Ei t Ame m en t t Unie m nd ni d m di a r a me n ol to he gh h nd t o he t d St t Co tt i a V igi a sa e l w . On J ne 1 201 t de e a es ns iuton nd r ni t t a u 4, 2, he f ndan s m oved f t or s mmayj d me t ag i gt a t e u e ra o a l fr eo Redi a efr t r soep io u r u g n , r u n h t h y s d e s n b e o c n i n n fo to e tr rs n di c plne a t tRe d r c ve a o i t m e ca c r f l i t i de . Re d di not s i i nd ha i e ei d ppr pr a e di l a e olow ng he nci nt i d fr l r s o dt t emoin frs mmayj d me t ti t ef u te d ysp o i e i te o mal e p n o h to o u r u g n wi n h o re n a r v d d n h y h c r' De mbe 21 2011 s dulngor (ndt c tsl lr ls a i ta ou ts ce r , , che i der a he our' oca ue) nd nse d pr opounde va i m otonsr r ng t de e nt 'c d r ous i ega di he f nda s oope a i i di c r O n Augus 2, r ton n s ove y. t 2 2, i fn lyrs o d dt t emoinf rs mmayj d me ta dt d fn a t mo e t 01 Red i al e p n e o h to o u r u g n n he e e d ns v d o sr ke t r pons asuntm el The co tfndst tg c us exc esRe d' l t r pons ti he es e i y. ur i ha ood a e us i s a e es e a dt a ln eigq e to so fc p e l d s mmayj d me t Ac o dngy tec u t l n h t ig rn u sin f a t rcu e u r u g n. c r i l,h o r wi l de t dee nt'mo i t srkea motonfrsl r j ny he fnda s ton o ti nd i o tmmay udgme . nt g CLERK , Fg . cLE 1. On J y 1 2009, c r to of i era oa he Re d i t W ale Ri e c f t ra ul 0, a or ec i nal fc ppr c d i n he l ns dg a e e i a a us hi ofi i or r t cl eaga ei t prs n' S ya d. Afe Re d nd cc ed m gnorng de s o os t n he io s ' r ' tr i D' e ha d wo dswih t co r c i lofi e s t ofi r decdedt r m oveRei fo t xc nge r t he r e tona fc r , he fce s i o e d r m he c f t ra. l Re d' ve s on ofe nt ,a co r c i na ofi e t c e Rei ashe w ase tng t aeei n i s ri ve s r e to l tc r a kl d d xii he c e e i s a m e hi t t foor pimed hi ,a r pe t dl punc d a ki ke hi whie af t ra, l m d m o he l , r m nd e a e y he nd c d m l s i r c a s tr . Re d c ai st the ne d m e c la t nton a t rt i de a t tt houtng a i l lls i l m ha ede di a te i f e he nci nt nd ha he de e nt r us d t pr dei.Thede e nt ofe a dif r ntve son ofe nt. Acc di f nda s ef e o ovi t f nda s f r fe e ri ve s or ng t t m ,Re dt k as ng a a c r c i lofi e a t g oup wa l a ng t c e ei ,a o he i oo wi t ore tona fc r s he r s e vi he af tra nd t ofk e sr s he t r e ponded by pus ng Re dagans awalt r sr i hi a t n t ki hi t t hi i i t l o e tan m nd he a ng m o he g o t gan c r whe he r sse And,a c di t de e nt ,Re di ta l r f ed r und o i ontol n e it d. c or ng he f nda s i niily e us m e c la t nton a t n i e i ly foode hi c l wih w a e , hi h f t d a di a te i nd he nt ntona l l d s el t t r w c urher el yed te t nt Thede e nt cli t tonc t c d a ce sRe d' c l,t y te t d hi a a r a me . f nda s am ha e hey oul c s i s e l he r a e s br ded nos andt s ll c a i wih ba ges a i otcc e m ,a i of n,a c i d t e wo mal a er tons t nda , ntbi i r a nd bupr e nd ontnue he t eat entappr i el r m oprat y. Bas d on t s e s Re d i ta l cl i e a w i s c r ofc tt i land sat e he e vent , i nii ly a m d de pe t um ons iutona te 1 w c a m s a i ta num berofde e nt . A tor a g e o t de e nt 'm o i t a l i ga ns f nda s al r um nt n he f nda s ton o ds s , i jtio e al o si to a camse c p h sEi hhAme d n e c sief re imis Red e t n d 1c n tt in l li x e t i g t s u n me t x e sv o c a de i r t i f e enc cl i s a a 1ofhi s a e l w cl i se e a s ul a ba t r nd lbe a e ndif r e a m , nd l s t t a a m xc pt s a t nd te y, i t ntona i lc i ofe otona di tes ,a ne i nti lc i ofe otonaldi tes . Soon n e i l nfi ton m i l s r s nd glge nf i ton m i sr s a t r t co te e e a m e o a l opi o t t tefec a al o di m i s d t ad tona f e , he ur nt r d m r ndtm ni n o ha f t nd s s s e wo dii l de e nt . A ferdi c r com m e e Re d tl a m o i t e e di c r a t f nda s t s ove y nc d, i i ed ton o xt nd s ove y, nd he d fn a t fldtermoin frs mmayj d me t Redddn t ep ndt temoinf r ee d n s ie h i to o u r u g n . i i o r s o o h to o s ummayj r udgme ,a i tadfld alte t t MagitaeJ er r ngshe i a nt nd nse ie etr o he srt udg egadi c dulng nd di c r a m oton t com pe di c r a m o i t s a or a gum e ton t s m a y s ove y, i o l s ove y, ton o t y al r n he um r j me moton,a amotont co i t ti dae.Ea htlngc ai di s wa udg nt i nd i o ntnue he ral t c ii ompl ne n ome y a tt de e nt 'unw ilngne st t n o r m a e i l i por a t Re d' ca e Fi ly, bou he f nda s li s o ur ve t r a s m t nt o i s s . na l t red y b f r t eAu u t t s mmayj d me th aig, i fldar s o s t t emoi n h e a s eo e h g s 6h u r u g n e rn Red ie e p n e o h to frs mmayj d me t s ai t hsveso o e e t. o u r u g n , we rng o i rin f v ns II. Th d fn a t a g et a t ec u t h udsrk Red ss mmayj d me t e p n ea e e e d n s r u h t h o r s o l tie i ' u r u g n r s o s s u tmeya dd e termo inf rsu r ud me tt p s d Be a s Redr p ae l n i l n e m h i to o tnma yj g n mo po e . c u e i e e tdy pr onounc di c r di fc t e o t r c d, nd be us Re d ha s ilnotr ce ved c r ed s ove y f i uli s n he e or a ca e i d tl e i ou t od r dds o eya o t d t o tes mmayj d me t e n ,hec u t id g o c u efr r e e ic v r s f he ae f h u r u g n h mi g t o r fn s o d a s o e us ng hi untm e y r s xc i s i l e pons a t r f e de e t de e n s m oton t srke e nd he e or ni s he f nda t ' i o ti . The cour ' D ec m be 21, 1, c dulng or re a nst tw he a m oto i ts e r 201 s he i de xpl i ha n in s o ppos d,d br e i opposton m us be fl wihi 1 da oft s r i oft m ova ' bre e $ if n a ii t ied t n 4 ys he e v ce he nt s i f . . . . Exce f good c e s w n, fa bre oppos ng a m oto i nottm e y fl t c t il pt or aus ho i if i in s i l ied, he our w l c nsde t motont beunoppos d.'( he . de,ECFNo.27.1TheFe r RulsofCi l o i r he i o e ' Sc d Or r ) deal e vi Pr e ze pr de t ta s he i o de t a be m o te onl f r go c us a w ih t oc dlr ovi ha c dulng r r d y m di d y o od a e nd t he i j d e sc n e t' Fe . Ci . 1 ()4 .tvc o dlg n ea c r lsn s a ete u g ' o sn . d R. v P. 6b ( ) ç a k f i e c nd aee s e s r h ' l i t l a ksoff iur t m ee t good c us s a r '' M es e v.Re za N o.DK C- 0- 053, halm r al e o t he a e t nda d.' m r z , 1 1 201 W L 55 1 48990, t* ( M d. a 5 D. Nov.1 2011 ( i W . De Fundv.Oc n Te h. 4, ) quotng Va. v. we c Xc nce l , F. D.564,567( D. . 2001) s as M ac v. mme ,1 ha s nc.200 R. S. W Va. ), ee lo rum Zi r 63 . F. D. 254( D. .Va.1 (( f usoft i uiyi upo t mo ngpa t s R. 250, S. W 995) 6 oc The he nq r s n he vi ry' ras f se ngmodii to l t tpa t wasnotdii ntt i uiys de '( tton e ons or e ki tcain. f ha ry lge ,he nq r houl nd. ciai ' lThe cour ' l alr esr t ae t r quiement ts oc ul eier t hat e r . 5Q Lo a Rul 11c ( ) e c l e ( )1 . a i er lquottonmaksomit l.iA pa t sfiur t r pondt dic r r uess... nd nt na ai r ted) û ry' al e o es o s ovey eq t c tt t s good c us f m odiyi a s he i or r' e m e , 1 W L 5548 ons iu e a e or f ng c dulng de . 'M s r 201 990,a *5. t l t sca e Rei di nota r t t l te oft c ts or r buti t ad fl d s ve al n hi s , d d dhe e o he e t r he our ' de , ns e ie e r m oto a gui t tt def nt had ha pe e hi a lt t ltga e by s ali dico r i ns r ng ha he enda s m r d s biiy o ii t t lng s ve y. Red' moinss o t t c ne ltdar s o s t tes mmayj dg n moinb tfl i s to h w ha he o tmpae e p n e o h u r u me t to u et r t a ne by t i c sbiiy ofe de e he bele d i pora t hi ca e. M or es r i d he nac es i lt vi nc i ve m t nt o s s eove ,a r s r c nl a t s mma yj d me t e rn ,h d fn a t ha n t e p o ie c u to d rd e e ty s he u r u g n h aig te e e d ns d o y t r vd d o r- r ee ds i cove y m a e i s W hie t de e nt a e c r c t tRei c d ha tm e y r s r t ral . l he f nda s r or e t ha d oul ve i l e ponde t do t s mmayj g n moin wih u t s maeil (yo frn tesmea fd vth he u r ud me t to to tho e tras b fei g h a fi a i e atc e t hslt-ie r s ns) t era g me t r s me ta ad fn a tma d caete ta h d o i aefld epo e ,h i r u n p e u s h t e e d n y itt h co e ofapl i ifsflngsby wihhol ng dic r bl ma e i l.Unde t cic sa e , nt nt antf ii t di s ove a e t ras r he r um tnc s t c tdoe no pe c i a l c ofdii nce fnds g ca e f r Rei sl e r pons a he our s t r e ve a k lge , i ood us o d' at es e, nd de e t de e n s m oton t sr ke. ni s he f nda t ' i o ti 111. Thedef nda sa guet tt yus d r s na ef c i a e f t o r t r prs n e nt r ha he e ea o bl or e n n for t eso e io dicplne, ovi ed a quaem e c lca eafe doi s a a ee ild t dim is lofRe d' s i i pr d de t di a r tr ng o, nd r ntte o s s a i s s a e 1 w c a m spur ua t 28 U .S. j1 c. R ed a gu t tnea l e r m a e i lf c i tt a l i s nt o C. 367()2 i r es ha ry ve y t ra a t n t sc s i i diput a t ts hi a e s n s e nd ha umma yj me i i o r Theco tagee wihRed. r udg nt s mprpe . ur r s t i Summayj r udgme i a o it whe thepl di ,t dic r a dicl ue nt s pprprae n d ea ngs he s ovey nd s os r t m a e i l on t l ,a a a fda t s t ra s i e nd ny f i vis how t tt r i no g ne i s ast a m a e i lf c ha he e s enui s ue o ny t r a a t a t tt mo nti e ildt j nd ha he va s ntte o udgme a amatroflw.'Fe R.Ci P.56()2 .The nt s te a ' d. v. c() 2cl edititc rsma d c i t e ries plme a j rs cin o racam und r ç- src ou t y e lne o xecs up e ntl u idito ve li -h e s bs cin( )i .. t dititc ur ha ds se a l li o rwhih i h sorgia j rs ito ' u e to a f .he src o t s imis d l cams ve c t a i n l u idcin. ' 4 pat mo igf rs mmayj d me t e r teb re o i f r ngt c u t fteb ssf ris ry vn o u r u g n b as h u d n f n omi he o r o h a i o t m o i a i n iyi t e pa t o t r c d t tde ons r t t a e e ofa ge ne i s ton nd de t f ng hos r s f he e or ha m ta e he bs nc nui s ue ofmaei fc.CeotxCor v. tet 477U. 31 323( 986) nrviwi asl r tral a t l e p. Cart, S. 7, 1 .I e e ng tmma y j g n mo inu d rRul 5 ,hec u tç t rw a1u tfa l ifr n e i fv ro t e ud me t to n e e 6 t o r ç d a 1j siibe n ee c s n a o f h mus nonmovi pa t ' UniedSttsv.CaolnaTrnsor rCo.978F. 8 835( h Ci. ng ry.' t ae r i a f me , 2d 32, 4t r 1 (ii Ande s v.Li rvLobbv.I .477U. 242,255( 986 992) ctng ron be t nc, S. 1 :. He e Re d' ve son ofe nt de c s c r c i lof i e s e r , i s ri ve s pi t or e tona f c r ngage i ac t l d n u ey unc tt i lbe vi r The def nda s ve s on de c sco r c i lofi e sa t m ptng t ons iutona ha o . e nt ' r i pi t r e tona tc r te i o r s r i a vi e a nonco pla i a e i a e f t o r t e or r f l e by c r ul e tan ol nt nd m i nt nm t n n f or t esor de , olow d a ef me ia atn int t ei maesmio ij re .Th t ic r p e e t q sinso fc. d c l te to o h n t ' n r n u is a d so d r sn s ueto f a t Ac o dn l,h c u t e ist d fn a t' to f rs mmayj g n . c r igy te o r d ne he ee d n s mo in o u r ud me t 157 . Fort r s s a e t co t ni st def nda s'm oton t s r ke a m o i f he ea ons t t d, he ur de e he e nt i o ti nd ton or sz r j lmmay udgme . nt EN TER :Augus 10, 2 t 201 xv y' v' xe Z U NI TED STA TES D I STRI J DG E CT U 5