Aziz et al v. Trump et al, No. 1:2017cv00116 - Document 111 (E.D. Va. 2017)

Court Description: MEMORANDUM OPINION. Signed by District Judge Leonie M. Brinkema on 2/13/2017. (rban, )
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Aziz et al v. Trump et al Doc. 111 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 1 of 22 PageID# 1263 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF VIRGINIA Alexandria Division TAREQ AQEL MOHAMMED AZIZ, M^ Plaintiffs/Petitioners l:17-cv-116(LMB/TCB) V. DONALD TRUMP, President ofthe United States, ^ al.. Defendants/Respondents. MEMORANDUM OPINION In this civil action, the Commonwealth ofVirginia ("Commonwealth") alleges that Executive Order 13,769, entitled "Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the United States" ("the EO"), violates the First and Fifth Amendments to the United States Constitution, as well as the Immigration and Nationality Act and Religious Freedom Restoration Act. Before the Court is the Commonwealth's Motion for a Preliminary Injunction, to which defendants have responded and on which oral argumenthas been held. Attachedto the Commonwealth's motionweremultiple exhibits and declarations. The defendants have responded withno evidence other thanthe EO, which theyhave defended primarily with arguments attacking the Commonwealth's standing to oppose the EO and emphasizing the authority of the president to issue suchan EO. Forthe reasons thatfollow, the Commonwealth's Motion for a Preliminary Injimction will be granted. I. FINDINGS OF FACT A. The Executive Order On January 20,2017, Donald Trump ("Trump") was inaugurated as the 45th President of the United States. On January 27,2017, he signed the EO. Section 3 of the EO "proclaim[ed] Dockets.Justia.com Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 2 of 22 PageID# 1264 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 3 of 22 PageID# 1265 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 4 of 22 PageID# 1266 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 5 of 22 PageID# 1267 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 6 of 22 PageID# 1268 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 7 of 22 PageID# 1269 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 8 of 22 PageID# 1270 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 9 of 22 PageID# 1271 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 10 of 22 PageID# 1272 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 11 of 22 PageID# 1273 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 12 of 22 PageID# 1274 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 13 of 22 PageID# 1275 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 14 of 22 PageID# 1276 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 15 of 22 PageID# 1277 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 16 of 22 PageID# 1278 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 17 of 22 PageID# 1279 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 18 of 22 PageID# 1280 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 19 of 22 PageID# 1281 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 20 of 22 PageID# 1282 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 21 of 22 PageID# 1283 Case 1:17-cv-00116-LMB-TCB Document 111 Filed 02/13/17 Page 22 of 22 PageID# 1284