Scurlock v. Thaler, No. 4:2012cv02221 - Document 7 (S.D. Tex. 2013)

Court Description: OPINION on DISMISSAL. Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus 1 is DENIED. Certificate of Appealability is DENIED. (Signed by Judge Melinda Harmon) Parties notified.(rvazquez)
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Scurlock v. Thaler Doc. 7 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF TEXAS HOUSTON DIVISION JAY EVERETT SCURLOCK, TDCJ-CID NO. 1617114, Petitioner, v. § § § § § § § RICK THALER, Respondent. CIVIL ACTION NO. H-12-2221 OPINION ON DISMISSAL Petitioner Jay Everett Scurlock, a state inmate incarcerated in the Texas Department of Criminal Justice Correctional Institutions Division ( TDCJ-CID ), has filed a petition for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 to challenge his state court felony conviction. (Docket Entry No.1). For the reasons to follow, the Court will dismiss this habeas action with prejudice as time-barred. I. BACKGROUND Petitioner was convicted on December 7, 2007, of murder in the 232nd Criminal District Court of Harris County, Texas, in cause number 1055711. Punishment was assessed at seven years confinement in TDCJ-CID. (Docket Entry No.1). Petitioner s conviction was subsequently affirmed and his petition for discretionary review ( PDR ) was refused on October 21, 2009. (Id.); see also Scurlock v. State, No. 14-08-00010-CR, 2009 WL 1124357 (Tex. App. Houston [14th Dist.] 2009, pet. ref d) (not designated for publication). Although petitioner did not file a petition for writ of certiorari with the United States Supreme Court, his time to do so expired ninety days after the PDR was refused. SUP. CT. R. 13.1. Thus, petitioner s conviction became final for purposes of federal habeas corpus review on or about January 19, 2010. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(A). Petitioner filed a state habeas application in 1 Dockets.Justia.com the state district court on May 24, 2010,1 which the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals denied without written order on the trial court s findings on December 8, 2010. 2 (Docket Entry No.1). Petitioner filed a second state habeas application on August 8, 2011, which the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals dismissed on November 23, 2011,3 pursuant to Article 11.07, § 4, as an abuse of the writ. (Id.). He filed a third state habeas application on December 6, 2011,4 which the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals dismissed on the same ground on May 23, 2012.5 Petitioner executed the present federal habeas petition in July 2012. (Docket Entries No.1, page 22, No.3-2, page 4). Therefore, Petitioner s petition is subject to the provisions of the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 ( AEDPA ), Pub. L. No. 104-132, 110 Stat. 1214 (1996). See Lindh v. Murphy, 521 U.S. 320 (1997). Petitioner seeks federal habeas relief on the following grounds: 1. He was denied the effective assistance of counsel at trial and on appeal; 2. The state district court s jury charge denied him a fair and impartial trial; and, 3. The State violated his right to due process by presenting false and perjured testimony to obtain a conviction. (Docket Entry No.1, pages 6-17). 1 http://www.hcdistrictclerk.com/edocs/public/CaseDetailsPrinting.aspx?Get=Xv83p8+9SJ (viewed November 13, 2012). 2 http://www.cca.courts.state.tx.us/opinions/EventInfo.asp?EventID=2428637 (viewed November 13, 2012). 3 http://www.cca.courts.state.tx.us/opinions/EventInfo.asp?EventID=2466634 (viewed November 13, 2012). 4 http://www.hcdistrictclerk.com/edocs/public/CaseDetailsPrinting.aspx?Get=Xv83p8+9SJ (viewed November 13, 2012). 5 http://www.cca.courts.state.tx.us/opinions/EventInfo.asp?EventID=2485279 (viewed November 13, 2012). 2 II. STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS Under the AEDPA, habeas corpus petitions are subject to a one-year limitations period found in 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d), which provides as follows: (d)(1) A 1-year period of limitation shall apply to an application for a writ of habeas corpus by a person in custody pursuant to the judgment of a State court. The limitation period shall run from the latest of (A) the date on which the judgment became final by the conclusion of direct review or the expiration of the time for seeking such review; (B) the date on which the impediment to filing an application created by State action in violation of the Constitution or laws of the United States is removed, if the applicant was prevented from filing by such State action; (C) the date on which the constitutional right asserted was initially recognized by the Supreme Court, if the right has been newly recognized by the Supreme Court and made retroactively applicable to cases on collateral review; or (D) the date on which the factual predicate of the claim or claims presented could have been discovered through the exercise of due diligence. (2) The time during which a properly filed application for State post-conviction or other collateral review with respect to the pertinent judgment or claim is pending shall not be counted toward any period of limitation under this subsection. 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1) (2). The one-year limitations period became effective on April 24, 1996, and applies to all federal habeas corpus petitions filed on or after that date. Flanagan v. Johnson, 154 F.3d 196, 198 (5th Cir. 1998) (citing Lindh, 521 U.S. 320). Because petitioner s petition was filed well after that date, the one-year limitations period applies to his claims. Id. at 198. Although the statute of limitations is an affirmative defense, the courts are authorized to raise such defenses sua sponte in habeas actions. Kiser v. Johnson, 163 F.3d 326, 3 329 (5th Cir. 1999). Under the provisions of the AEDPA, petitioner s one-year limitation period began on January 19, 2010, the last day petitioner could have filed a petition for writ of certiorari in the United States Supreme Court. That date triggered the one-year limitations period which expired on January 19, 2011. The pendency of petitioner s first state habeas application from May 24, 2010, to December 8, 2010, tolled the AEDPA limitations period for 199 days or until August 6, 2011. Petitioner s second state habeas application, filed on August 8, 2011, did not toll the AEDPA limitations period because it was filed after the expiration of the August 6, 2011, deadline; therefore, the tolling provisions found in § 2244(d)(2) do not apply. See Scott v. Johnson, 227 F.3d 260, 263 (5th Cir. 2000) (noting that the statute of limitations is not tolled by a state habeas corpus application filed after the expiration of the limitations period). If timely, the pendency of petitioner s second state habeas application would have tolled the limitations period until November 23, 2011. See Villegas v. Johnson, 184 F.3d 467, 470 (5th Cir. 1999) (finding that state habeas application dismissed as successive tolls limitation period if properly filed according to state s procedural requirements). Petitioner s third state habeas application was filed on December 6, 2011, after limitations expired; therefore, its pendency did not toll the limitations period. The pending petition, executed in July 2012, months after limitations expired, is timebarred. In his response Addressing Limitation Bar, petitioner challenges the calculation of the AEDPA limitations period. (Docket Entry No.5-1). He does not, however, request equitable tolling of the limitations period. To merit application of equitable tolling in context of § 2254, a petitioner must show that he pursued his rights diligently, and that some extraordinary circumstance stood in his way and prevented timely filing. Holland v. Florida, __U.S.__, 130 4 S.Ct. 2549, 2560 (2010). Petitioner states no facts to show that any circumstance prevented a timely filing. Nor is this a case in which petitioner pursued the process with diligence and alacrity. Phillips v. Donnelly, 216 F.3d 508, 511 (5th Cir. 2000). Petitioner proffers no reason why he waited more than six months after the Texas Court of Criminal Appeals dismissed his state habeas applications before seeking federal habeas relief. Unexplained delays generally make the circumstances of a case not extraordinary enough to qualify for equitable tolling. See Coleman v. Johnson, 184 F.3d 398, 403 (5th Cir. 1999) (unexplained six-month delay after the state court denied the state petition). [E]quity is not intended for those who sleep on their rights. Fisher v. Johnson, 174 F.3d 710, 715 (5th Cir. 1999). Further, there is no showing of a newly recognized constitutional right upon which the petition is based; nor is there a factual predicate for the claims that could not have been discovered previously. See 28 U.S.C. § 2244(d)(1)(C), (D). Although petitioner is incarcerated and is proceeding without counsel, his ignorance of the law does not excuse his failure to timely file his petition. Fisher, 174 F.3d at 714. Accordingly, the Court finds that petitioner s federal petition is barred by the AEDPA s one-year limitation period and, therefore, this action is DISMISSED. III. CERTIFICATE OF APPEALABILITY A certificate of appealability from a habeas corpus proceeding will not issue unless the petitioner makes a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). This standard includes showing that reasonable jurists could debate whether (or, for that matter, agree that) the petition should have been resolved in a different manner or that the issues presented were adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further. Slack v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000) (internal quotations and citations omitted). Stated 5 differently, the petitioner must demonstrate that reasonable jurists would find the district court s assessment of the constitutional claims debatable or wrong. Id.; Beazley v. Johnson, 242 F.3d 248, 263 (5th Cir. 2001). On the other hand, when denial of relief is based on procedural grounds, the petitioner must not only show that jurists of reason would find it debatable whether the petition states a valid claim of the denial of a constitutional right, but also that they would find it debatable whether the district court was correct in its procedural ruling. Beazley, 242 F.3d at 263 (quoting Slack, 529 U.S. at 484); see also Hernandez v. Johnson, 213 F.3d 243, 248 (5th Cir. 2000). A district court may deny a certificate of appealability, sua sponte, without requiring further briefing or argument. Alexander v. Johnson, 211 F.3d 895, 898 (5th Cir. 2000). The Court has determined that petitioner has not made a substantial showing that reasonable jurists would find the Court s procedural ruling debatable; therefore, a certificate of appealability from this decision will not issue. IV. CONCLUSION Accordingly, the Court ORDERS the following: 1. Petitioner s petition for a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 is DENIED. 2. This cause of action is DISMISSED with prejudice. 3. A certificate of appealability is DENIED. 4. All pending motions, if any, are DENIED. The Clerk shall provide copies to the parties. SIGNED at Houston, Texas, this 6th day of August, 2013. ___________________________________ MELINDA HARMON UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 6