In re: Alonzo Ramirez and Mary L Ramirez, No. 2:2015cv00194 - Document 7 (S.D. Tex. 2015)

Court Description: OPINION AND ORDER. The Court SUSTAINS Appellant's second and third issues and VACATES the "Memorandum Opinion and Order on Motion for Invocation of the Adversary Rules" entered on 4/20/15, as having been entered contrary to a final judgment issued by theis Court and principles of res judicata. (Signed by Judge Nelva Gonzales Ramos) Parties notified.(lcayce, 2)
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I THE UN I N TED STA TES D I STRI COU RT CT FOR THE SOUTH ERN D I STRI OF TEXA S CT . CORPU S CH RI STIDI SI VI ON ALON ZO AND M ARY R AM I REZ, APPELLEES CI L ACTI 2: VI ON 15CV 194 BAN K RU PTCY CA SE 112061 4 LARRY W I LSON , A PPELLAN T O PI I N AND O R DER N O Aln o a M ay Ra rz ( bo s a e j me t de tr on a mo tr o z nd r mie De tr) r udg n bo s neay j gme tr s tng fo a t - ry a ves r p oc e i ta Lar W is ( is n) ud n e uli rm wopa t d ray r e dng h t ry lon W lo bou ta ans te Tha j gme wa a pe ldt t sCou ta da fr di Ramie r gh g i t h m. t ud nt s p ae o hi r n fime n rz v Wis ,No.2: 3 c 1 ( D.Te De 1 ,201 ) ( E.2 41 . De o s di no . lon 1 - v- 28 S. x. c. 3 3 D. - ) bt r d t m pt a pe lti Co tsj gme ta t matri n w tna. l fact t entie banl z cy p a hs ur' ud n nd he te s o s l n , he r c e i ûnal Se D . 2-1 2as s . e E. 7, 20. Lo a r t j dg nt be a fna, De t s b o ht a po tj dg nt ng he he u me c me i l b or r ug s-u me pr eedi s eki t a y a t r pa y' s te e pa e t W is as a cr t oc ng, e ng o ppl hid rt s etl m nt ym nt o l on edi a is t i o j gme .Th Ba lr t y Co r is e iso de pr li ng t is gan t her wn ud nt e ntup c u t s u d t r r oca mi he sue of of s t under t one s ts acton r e t be an ope one and or r ng t pa tes t fe he - a i f i ul o n de i he r i o In re: Alonzo Ramirez and Mary L Ramirez pr opos a dicover pl a s dulng or as a m a t contnui w ihi t pror e s y an nd che i der ter i ng t n he i Doc. 7 a r ar pr dve s y ocee ng. di The j gme t c e t r W i o h sa pe ld,c mpl i ng t t t e Ba kr t y ud n r dio l n a p ae o ani ha h n up c s Cour er e bot s t i y a pr t r d h ubsantvel nd ocedur l i cons derng t Debt s'cl i t an aly n i i he or a m o 1 Dockets.Justia.com o f e. Thi Co thol t tt j gme ti r sj i aa a t Ba r t y Co r d d fs t s ur ds ha he ud n s e ud c t nd he nk up c u t i no ha j idci t e tran a ii a p oc e i s r ltd t t a ve sr t ve urs iton o ne ti ddton l r e dng eae o he d ray poc e ng a d isEn lj dg nt Ac o dngy,t Co tVACATES t Ba r e di n t a u me . c r i l he ur he nkup c ty Cour ' dM e or ts û m andum Opi on a Or on M oton f l ni nd der i or nvoc ton of t A dver ar ai he s y Ruls'D. 2- )f lc of u idcina b c u eoft rsj iaaba. e '( E. 27 or a k j rs ito nd e a s he e udc t r JU RI I SD CTI N O Or i rl j s din t aj iae ba r pty-eae matx i c nfre o dnaiy, midi o o dude t nk u c rltd tes s o e rd n ba r p c c u t pu s n t 28 U. C. j 1 a t c urs sa ng o d r o nk u t y o rs rua t o S. 57 nd he o t' tndi r e f r f r nee. Appe s c eee al ompl i ng of a bankr c courts r i ar t n a ani upt y ' ulngs e he ppea a e t l bl o t e dititc r und r28 U. C.j 1 Se to 1 c ntmplt s a a pe la ii i h src ou t e S. 58. c in 58 o e ae n p a rsng n t wa : ( ) fo a fn lj dg n o t ba u c c u t a d ( ) fo a wo ys 1 r m ia u me t f he nkrpty o r; n 2 r m n i e l ut y or wih l ve oft bankr c cour t appeal nt roc or der t ea he upt y to . Thsi n ta a a fo afna j gme tbe a et ta a ha ar a r is i s o n ppe l rm i lud n c us ha ppe l s le dy un t c u s a t o d ra is r lt st po t udg n pr c e i gs Tot e t ntt a t e o r e nd he r e t s ue ea e o s- me t o e d n . he x e h t h j or c be c ac erzed as i e l or i conne i w ih i tatng a ne pos der an har t i nt rocut y n cton t nii i w t j dg n pr e di a a pe lrq r sla ofc ur.Th rc r d sno r fe tt t u me t oc e ng, n p a e uie e ve o t e e o d oe t elc ha t Appe l nt W is tl d a m oton f l he la , l on, i e i or eave of cour t a t o ppeal Pur ua t Fede al . s nt o r Ba r p c Rul 8 4( , he Co r te t t n ie ofa pe la am o i n f rla t nk u t y e 00 d) t u t r as he otc p a s to o e ve o a ala GRANTS t m oton. To t e e t tt Bankr cy Cour di nothave ppe nd he i he xt nt ha he upt t d j rs ito t e tr a y o d r t t c u d be c nsr e a a c lae a at c o t u id c in o n e n r e ha o l o tu d s o ltr l ta k n he p e o j gme t t sCo tha j rs ito pu s n t t Al Wrt Ac,28 U. C. rvius ud n, hi ur s u idcin rua t o he l is t S. j1 t is al isn c sayo a r praei ado t sCo tsj idito 651 o sue 1wrt e e sr r pp o it n i f hi ur' urs cin. TH E PR O CEED I S NG W is np c s dah fo De tr t theltrla dha be n s be tdt lo urha e ome r m bo s ha ae e me d e u j ce o w a e dam age,r l aks w ood r t a m ol - cont a y t D e or ' r es nt tons tr oof e , o , nd d r r o bt s epr e a i . W is fld s i i sae c r a ans De o s a d a nu rofo h r (ncudi boh lon ie ut n tt ou t g i t bt r n mbe t e s i l ng t r at sa t i pe t r. D. 2 3 Pro t ti li t sae c ul s t De o s fld e lor nd he ns c o ) E. - 3. i r o ra n he tt o ' ui, bt r ie t f r i unde t Unied St t s Ba upt y Code. The r la lt on W is s or elef r he t ae nkr c i i biiy l on' a lg to offa a d vi lto oft Te a De e tve Tr de Pr ci e Ac ( le a ins r ud n o ai ns he x s c p i a a tc s t DTPA) w a det r i s e m ned by t Unied St t Bankr cy Court i an adve s y pr edi he t a es upt n r ar oce ng r a ed t t rCha e 7 cas el t o hei pt r e. W h l De o s me to d i t i An we ( . 2 3 t a t r we e t l ie bt r n i ne n her s r D E. - 3) h t he e r weve spaae dee a t i t sae c ur s i,t y di not se t j n a o t s e r t fnd ns n he tt o t ut he d e k o oi ny f ho e def nt , di not s ek t na e t m as r ponsbl t r pa tes i t adve s y enda s d e o m he es i e hid ri n he r ar pr c e ng a di no s e a y j gme t rgadi c nrbuin, o fe, o o e di , nd d t e k n ud n e r ng o ti to fs t r pr portonat la lt The Ba upt Cour r ed agai tD ebt s as es ed da a o i e i biiy. nkr cy t ul ns or , s s m ges a ns t m ,i pos a cons r tve tus,a hel t tt de w as notdicha geabl gai t he m ed tuc i r t nd d ha he bt s r e i ba upt n nkr cy. Debt s di not c pl n t t Ba upt Cour att ttm e t t t or d om ai o he nkr cy t ha i ha he j g nts ou d h ve ma e a pr vii n f r o fetng s tlme t c e t o j g n s ud me h l a d o so o fs ti e t n r dis r ud me t e pa d by ot pa tes. i her r i Tha j gme twa he a ae t t sCo t Non oft is e o a a t ud n st n ppe ld o hi ur. e he su s n ppe l addr s d a concer about conti i pr es e ny ns rbuton, opori t r s tona e e pons biiy, s tem ent i lt etl cr t ofs s or t one- a i f ton r e. Thi Cour t aflm ed t Ba upt y edis, f et , he s ts ac i ul s t hen tr he nkr c Co r' j dg n .Se Ramie v Wis n,No.2:3-v- 28 ( D.Te De 1 ,201 ) u ts u me t e r z . lo 1 c 1 S. x. c. 3 3. r s Thi Co tsj gme wa n ta ae a i a fna resol i of t t contover y. s ur' ud nt s o ppe ld nd s i l uton ha Nohi i t tj gme tprvie frce t a ans t j gme tf a y pa nt t ng n ha ud n o d s o rdis g i t he ud n or n yme s m ade by t def he endant i t sat c ts t s n he t e our ui. Beor t sCo tatr d t Ba k upc Co t ud nt De tr be n t i f e hi ur fime he n r ty ur j gme , bo s ga her ef or t ge i or a i on s tem e st tW is m a ha obt ned i or t of s t f t o t nf m ton etl nt ha l on y ve ai n der o f e t am ount pai i a he s d, f ny. Thei fr t m oton w as tl on Sept ber 23,2013,r tng r is i s ed em ecii t t t y had l m ed i M a of 2013 about a pos i e s tl m e iabout a yea ago.' ha he ea n y s bl e te nt d r ' D . 2- A hera hearng i w hi couns f Debt s adm it t no of s had bee E. 7. i n ch el or or ted hat f et n pl d i t cas pr ousy, t Bankr c Courtde ed t m oton on Oct e n he e evi l he upt y ni he i ober 21 , 201 D . 2-1 .D . 2- p.7. 3. E. 3, E. 44, I t Or r t Bankr pt Cour r t t tD e or di notfl m otons unde n hat de , he u cy t ecied ha bt s d ie i r Fe r Rul ofCi lPr de al es vi ocedur 59 or 60 and had notde ons r t a e de t e m t a ed ny vi nce hat w oul m ee t r pec i bur ns of pr d t he es tve de oof under t e r es D . 1 p. 2. On hos ul . E. 3, D ec ber 1 201 t Ba u cy Cour a oved a cas di ti i f om t es a e i em 6, 3, he nkr pt t ppr h srbuton r he t t n t a he mountof$1 000 f t esat sla lt on W is spr ofcl m .TheChapt r 90, or he t e' ibiiy lon' oof ai e 7 Tr t fl d hi Fi Re ton M a 8,201 a t Bankr cy Cour or r d t usee ie s nal por y 4, nd he upt t de e he fnaldit i i oft esat a r eas t Cha er7 Tr t on J 24,201 D . i srbutons he t e nd el ed he pt us ee une 4. E. 2- 217, 20. D e or di not r w t r ef or t obt n a of s t untlJ bt s d ene hei f t o ai n f e i une 20,201 w hen 4, t y fl a m oton i t bankr cy pr edi s ng a de er i ton t t t he ied i n he upt oce ng eeki t m na i ha he j g nta i tt m wa s tsi d by vit o s tlme sfo o he de e da s a ud me gans he s a ife rue f ete nt r m t r f n nt nd r s i a or rr rng W is t i ue a r eas D . 2- Afert Bankr cy eque tng n de equii l on o ss el e. E. 19. t he upt 4 Cour deni t t m oton as havi bee f ld i t w r t ed ha i ng n ie n he ong cas , Debt s fl a ne e or ied w moton f i i or nvoca i oft a s y r es a t obt i a s hedulng or r D . 2ton he dver ar ul nd o a n c i de . E. 22. By M e or m andum Opi on a Or ,t Ba upt y Cour gra ed t m oton, ni nd der he nk c t nt he i hol ng t t Debt s' m e i of t ot def di ha or nton he her endant i t s a e pr s n he t t oceedi w a ng s s fci t r s t i s ofof s ta t tt Fi t Cicui em pl a one- a i f i ufi ent o aie he s ue f e nd ha he fh r t oys s ts acton poiy,ctng Ho d v Ge e alCabl Co p. 4 F. 3 ,35 ( t Ci.1 2) Th lc ii war . n r e r ,67 2d 51 8 5 h r 98 . e cour t or e t s i s on ofa pr pos s hedulng or f di co r and t i l t hen der d he ubm s i o ed c i der or s ve y ra. D . 2E. 27. W is now a al t or satng t ee i ues: lon ppe s hat der t i hr ss I 1.The Ba upt y Cour er e i fndi t t t Debt s nkr c t r d n i ng ha he or s fci nty pl uf i e l eaded or r s t is ai ed he s ues of of s t or fe r ecoupm ent i t r ans e by afim a i de e e or n hei w r fr tve f ns ot wi e. her s 2. The Ba upt Cour e r i fndi t t D ebt s nkr cy t r ed n i ng hat he or s d be alow ed a c edi i t a ountofa s tem ent houl l r t n he m ny etl pa d t Lary W is by ot r def nda s i o r l on he e nt . 3.The Ba upt Cour er ed i pe m itng t i nkr cy t r n r ti he nvoc i of aton t Ad ray Rue t c ndu tpos j me tdic vey he ve sr ls o o c t udg n s o r ofprj me tf cs eudg n a t. D . 2- 2E. 29, 30. The e is s al r r a det r i i ofhow and w he t is of s s ue l equie e m naton n he s ue s te e c edis m us be r s whi i a quesi r di t na ur of adver a y etl m nt r t t aied, ch s ton egar ng he t e sr prc e igsa yi saelw a t rsj iaae fc ofter s li j gme t o e dn ppl ng tt a nd he e udc t fe t h e utng ud n . l Th s is e a en tie t a t t is e sae i W i o sBre b t r t eis e p nnitd b t eBa k u ty e e s u s r o d n i l o he s u s t td n l n' it u a e h s u s e te y h n r p c c s Cour' Or r D. 2ts de . E. 29. 5 DISCU SSI N O A .The N at e oft A dver ar Proceedi and St e Law ur he s y ng at W he D e or tl f ba tupt r i underTit 11 oft Unied St t C ode, n bt s i ed or nlr cy elef te he t a es te c nfre o t fd rlc urj rs ito t a j diaet i la lt t W is n.28 h y o er d n he e ea o tu idcin o du c t her ibiiy o lo U. C.j 1 ,1 4.W is n' c am,whih s ug a c tu tvetus a i tDe t s S. j 57 33 lo s li c o ht onsr ci r t gans b or ' a s s a i uded an exce i f om t r dicha ge, w as a l w s t t had t be s et nd ncl pton r hei s r a ui hat o pr ecut as a a r a y pr edi Fe Ba os ed n dve s r oce ng. d. nkr.Rul 7001. A dver a y pr edi e s r oce ngs ar handl i lr pa t i a m a e ed, n a ge r , n nner sm ia t a ot r f alltga i usng t i l r o ny he eder ii ton, i he Fe r lRulsofCi lPr c d r . Se Fe R. nkr Pr . 7 ,e s q. i o po a i de a e vi o e u e e d. Ba . oc, 001 t e (nc r r tng mos oft f d r lp o e ur lr lsit t ba r pty r e ) t he e e a r c d a ue n o he nk u c uls . W is s a lon' dver ar pr s y oceedi a r s li j me t wee ba e o sae ng nd e utng udg n r s d n tt s t i 1 cl m s f c m on l w faud a D TPA vi atons t t s i fed t ubsantve aw ai or om a r nd ol i ha ats i he Ba u c Code r r e s f exce i W is s cl m fom D ebt s'ba upt y nkr pt y equiem nt or ptng l on' ai r or nkr c dic ge. D . 2- D e or ,now i s har E. 34. bt s nvoki t one- ats ac i r e,ar cl m i t t ng he s i f ton ul e ai ng ha t ar entted t an of s tor dola - or dola r ton oft r la lt t W is by hey e il o fe l r f - l r educ i hei i biiy o l on a ount pai by ot r who a l m s d he s legedl pa tci t d i t s et a ac i y ri pa e n he am r ns ton. The one- ats ac i r e and t c s i f ton ul he once of of s tbot r quie t D e or and pt fe h e r hat bt s t e w ho ha pa d W is s tl enta ount ha a com m on la lt f t dam ages hos ve i lon e tem m s ve i biiy or he a is . Se ge r l Stwa tTil Gu .Co.v e ln 8 2 S. .d 1 7 8 ( x. t s ue e ne al e r te ar y, .Str ig, 2 W 2 , - Te 1 )(h lmi oft o -aif cin r e a le t asnge ij y,e n t ug t 991 te i t he nes tsa to ul ppis o i l nur ve ho h he ij y ma ha be n br u t a utby s ve a fe e t wr ngf l a t) dfe on nur y ve e o gh bo e r ldif r n o u c s ,mo d 6 ohe gr nd ,To y Gulo M ot r L L. v Ch pa,21 S. .d 29 ( x.20 ) 1 t r ou s n l os P. . a 2 W 3 9 Te 06 ; 1 U. C. j55 ( efni o fe a ivol ng amu ua de ) S. A. 3 d i ng fs t s n vi t l bt. The m ut lt of oblga i i not a gi n m er y beca e t s tlng pary w a ua iy i ton s ve el us he e ti t s s f dam ages r at t t s e t a ac i ued or el ed o he am r ns ton. A nd m ut pari pa i i causng ual tci ton n i t dam ages does notne s r l m ean t tea act i r ponsbl f a equa a ount he ces a iy ha ch or s es i e or n lm o i aj i a s v r lma r r n ont nd e e a nne.Whehe a ho t c pe c pat sr s nsbiiyf r t r nd w o a a h ry' epo i lt o t j n l c us d da ge r q r sa c ur t c mpa e t c ams a a s s t d g e he oity- a e ma s e uie o t o o r he l i nd s e s he e r e off ul a conce ofac i a t nd rt ton. Thi com par tve pr s r quies t applc i of sat s t ntve l w as t s ai oces e r he i aton t e ubs a i a o w het a how t r duce one pa t s labiiy t t c ai antdue t t ac s ofa her her nd o e ry' i lt o he l m o he t not pa t ry. Feder cour s t al t hus a y t Texas pr ppl he opor i e la lt s at e a is tonat i biiy t ut nd t pr ocedur com pone s al nt . TheEr e docti r r t a f r cour appl s a e 1 w i rne equies hat ede al t y tt a t cas notgover by f allw . û-he Ere c e and t o es ned eder a çl i as he Supr m e Cour de sons f l i i appl i f r l e t ci i olow ng t y n ede a q sinj rs ito a we1' t h r t saer er te t a ueto u idcin s 1. û ee he tt ul el cs 'W s t ntve sa e polcy noti conti w ih t pl n m ea ng ubs a i t t i n lct t he ai ni oft f alr e,t t s a e r e i t r e of deci on he eder ul hen he t t ul s he ul si and s houl be a i d unde t t r s of t Er e docti ' d pple r he e m he i rne. ' Court i t s cic t i udi t s c t ha f s n hi r ui, ncl ng hi our, ve ound t t ha t e i no conti t be ween des gna i r ponsbl t r her s lc t i tng es i e hid pa te u r g-x.Ci Pr c & Re Co e j 33. 4 a ris nde 'e v. a . l m. d q 00 nd ( d r lRu e ofCi lPr c d e Rul 1 b c us Rul 1 Fe e a l s vi o e ur ) e 4 e a e e 4 go r s j ni t id pa te , no d sg tng t m a ve n oi ng h r ri s t e i nai he s rs e ponsbl f t pur e of lm ii t labiiy and i e or he pos i tng he i lt da agesoft ew ho ar pari t t s t m hos e tes o he ui. Ar i v Do k LLC,No. V. 1- - 07 2 1W L 1 0 ,*3 ( D . x. a 4 ve . de a, CI A. - 09 1 6, 01 1 75 242 S. Te M y , 2 1 ( s n ha, . ( ia insomitd) 01 ) Ro e t lJ) ctto te . The pr opori t la lt sat e apples t any ca e of ac i bas d on t tor tona e i biiy t ut i o us ton e or vilto oft eDTPA.Te Ci Pr c & Re . e j3 001 I pe misade e n ' o ai ns h x. v. a . m Cod 3. . t r t fnda ts la lt t t pl ntf t be r duced by t dam ages owed orpai by ot rla e pari ibiiy o he ai if o e he d he i bl tes. Thos r s nsbl t r pate aeno rq r dt bej i d i t a to ,butt y mus e epo i e hid ris r t e uie o one n he cin he t be na ed i or r f t cour t as es t pe ce age oflabiiy atrbut bl t ea m n de or he t o s s he r nt i lt t i a e o ch. I sj 3 00 a . Co e u n l ,t e s ul be f r l d sg t d o orb f r t 6 t d. 3. 3( ) ns q e ty h y ho d o mal e inae n e o e he 0 h y d y be o et tildaeu e sg d c us i s wn.1 ,j 3 0 4( ) a f r he ra t nl s oo a e s ho d. 3.0 a . The f l e t des gna e a r ponsbl t r pa t pr nt t t pa t s labiiy aiur o i t es i e hid ry eve s ha ry' i lt fom bei as es ed and com pa ed and pr l r ng s s r ec udes a r educ i or of s t agai t t ton fe ns he pl itf sr c e y. 1 ,j 33. 3( ) 1oft epr vii nsoft pr pori t la lt an if e ov r d. 00 a .A1 h o so he o t e ibiiy ona sa ut cont tt e empl t det r i ng t i ues and a r duc i i da ages pror t t a e e m ni he ss ny e ton n m i o he e tyof ud n .De t sfie t c ywiht s prviinsa di no e nr ie nr j gme t bor ald o ompl t ho e o so nd d t ve as t i s ofr ponsbl t r pari and of s tng s tem ent untlafert B a upt he s ue es i e hid tes f eti etl s i t he nkr cy Co t d e e e j g n a d t t ud n wa o a a . ur ha nt r d ud me t n ha j gme t s n ppe l W hie t Bank upt y Cour i l he c t nvoked H owar 674 F. at358,t tcas does not d, 2d ha e S uppod r i he e. elef r The Howar opi on s fcaly r i upon t pari s' d ni pecii l eled he te pr e ton oft i s i t l e cour durng t pendency oft ca e- noti poses rva i he s ue n he ow r t i he he s n t j g n pr e di s ud me t oc e ng . Thr oughout t pr eedi , a he oc ngs ppelant m ai ai l nt ned t hat a cr tw asdue. Thati r edi t equesed a i ppr pra e calul i t n na o i t c aton oft a ountdoes notcons iut w ai . Bot t cour and he m tt e ver h he t t a le w e e a e a a1 tm es ofa la ' r he ppe l es r war t l i ppe l nts eques f t or t c e t I f ,t a l es s he r di. n act he ppele ugges e sx ale na i t d i t r tve w a t cal a e t c e tam ount A ppelantpr er ys o cul t he r di . l es ved is t 8 rghtt a cr di a t cour bel e r i r usng t gr i o e t nd he t ow r ed n ef i o ant One. Debt s di notpr e t si s i t Ba upt y Cour a di notr s i on a al or d es rve hi s ue n he nkr c t nd d aie t ppe . Cons equenty,i w asw ai l t ved. B. The A pplc i ofResJudi a i aton cat The pa tes ha not cied any a hortes t addr ss t a i ton of t ri ve t ut ii hat e he pplca i he pr pori a er s nsb lt sau e o t o - aif ci n r e i apos-udg n s tig o t t e po i iiy tt t r he ne s tsa to ul n on tj me t etn f rt frttme Prncpl sofr sj di aapr ve tt eDe t r 'e f r. $( ba r pty o he is i . i i e e u c t e n h b o s fo t $A1 nk u c j g ntbass bs q nts ti:()boh c s si ol t s mepa t s ( t pro ud me r u e ue ui f 1 t a e nv ve he a ri ; 2) he ir e j g ntwa rndee b ac ur ofc mp tn j idci ,()t p irde iin wa a ud me s e rd y o t o ee t urs iton' 3 he ro cso s fn l ud me tont me is a ( t s mec us ofa to i a is i bohc s s' ia j g n he rt; nd 4) he a a e cin s t sue n t a e . ' Ban o f yet v Bau n(nr Bau n ,9 1F. 7 7 ( t Ci.1 3) k fLaa te . doi 1 e doi) 8 2d 36, 40 5h r 99 . The e i no ques i t t t s pr di i ves t s e pa tes a t s r s ton ha hi ocee ng nvol he am ri , nd hi Co tspro j g nta fr n t Ba r ptyCo tsj me twa do wi pr pe ur' ir ud me fimig he nk u c ur' udg n s ne t o r h j rs ci a boh lves As s to a ve t pro pr c e ig rndee a fn l u iditon t t e l. e ut bo , he ir o e dn e r d ia j dg n ont meisi ac r pr c e ng. 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