Toavs v. Bannister et al, No. 3:2012cv00449 - Document 42 (D. Nev. 2014)

Court Description: ORDER denying without prejudice 34 Motion for Leave to Amend. Plaintiff has 30 days to file a new motion for leave to amend (due by 3/20/2014). Signed by Magistrate Judge William G. Cobb on 02/18/2014. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - KR)
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Toavs v. Bannister et al Doc. 42 1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 BERTON G. TOAVS, ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) vs. ) ) ROBERT BANNISTER, et. al. ) ) ) Defendants. ) _______) 3:12-cv-000449-MMD-WGC ORDER Before the court is Plaintiff’s Motion for Leave to File First Amended Complaint. (Doc. 15 # 34.)1 Defendants oppose the motion. (Doc. # 37.) Plaintiff filed a reply. (Doc. # 40.) 16 After a thorough review, Plaintiff’s motion is denied without prejudice. I. BACKGROUND 17 18 At all relevant times, Plaintiff Berton G. Toavs was an inmate in custody of the Nevada 19 Department of Corrections (NDOC). (Pl.’s Compl., Doc. # 5 at 1.) The allegations giving rise to 20 this action took place while Plaintiff was housed at Northern Nevada Correctional Center 21 (NNCC). (Id.) Plaintiff, a pro se litigant, brings this action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. (Id.) 22 Currently, the named defendants are Dr. Robert Bannister, Dr. David Mar, Dr. Marsha Johns, 23 and John Peery. (Id. at 2-3.) 24 25 26 On screening, the court determined Plaintiff states a colorable Eighth Amendment claim for deliberate indifference to a serious medical need. (See Screening Order, Doc. # 4.) In his original complaint, Plaintiff alleges that he was incarcerated in 2001, and came 27 28 1 Refers to court’s docket number. 1 to NDOC in need of back and neck surgery, which he did not receive for five years despite his 2 requests. (Doc. # 5 at 4.) He claims that in 2006, Defendants performed an unnecessary carpal 3 tunnel surgery on his left arm and hand. (Id.) In 2007, Plaintiff once again requested neck 4 surgery for spinal decompression and calcium buildup. (Id.) He claims this request was finally 5 granted, but it was “too little too late” as they only allowed half of the necessary surgery, and 6 left him permanently disfigured and partially crippled in his left hand and arm. (Id.) 7 In November 2010, Plaintiff claims he began to experience severe pain and a lack of 8 mobility in his hands and arms, in addition to numbness. (Id.) He contends Defendants ignored 9 his requests for care until Plaintiff filed a complaint in state court, which he concedes was 10 dismissed for failure to exhaust his administrative remedies. (Id. at 4-5.) 11 Plaintiff asserts Defendants gave him the requested surgery before he could “re-exhaust” 12 his administrative remedies, but five days after the surgery, they knowingly deprived him of 13 pain medication in an effort to cause him harm. (Id. at 5.) He further claims he was denied 14 requests for physical therapy, depriving him of the chance to maximize his recovery. (Id.) 15 Plaintiff goes on to allege that a year after the surgery he continued to suffer from 16 extreme pain and lack of mobility and numbness in his hands and arms. (Id.) He avers that his 17 requests for medical care have been ignored. (Id.) He further claims that after the last surgery, 18 the surgeon told him that he would need at least one more procedure, but Defendants would 19 not let it happen. (Id. at 7, 8.) 20 Plaintiff argues that Dr. Bannister, as NDOC’s medical director, has a policy of 21 encouraging medical staff to deprive inmates of care because of the cost. (Id. at 6.) He further 22 alleges Dr. Bannister failed to adequately train and supervise his employees. (Id.) 23 Plaintiff contends that Dr. Bannister, Dr. Mar and Dr. Johns, as members of the 24 Utilization Review Panel (URP), purposefully deprived Plaintiff of neck and back surgeries for 25 years because of the cost, resulting in further injury. (Id.) 26 With respect to John Peery, Plaintiff contends he is NNCC’s nursing director, who 27 inappropriately directs his staff to respond to all requests for medical care by telling them to 28 2 1 come to sick call for an appointment, but in reality appointments are rarely set and sick call 2 only occurs once or twice a week. (Id.) In addition, he claims that when appointments are set, 3 they are forty-five to ninety days out. (Id.) Finally, he claims defendant Peery has stopped him 4 from seeing the eye doctor, ignoring his requests in contravention of orders after his surgery. 5 (Id. at 8.) 6 Plaintiff now seeks leave to amend his complaint for the purpose of including additional 7 defendants including: James Cox (NDOC’s director), Romeo Aranas (the current medical 8 director), Asidrio Baca (Warden at NNCC), Terri Jacobs (Director of Nursing II at NNCC), a 9 John or Jane Doe Quality Assurance Specialist IV for the Utilization Review Panel, Governor 10 Brian Sandoval, Attorney General Catherine Cortez Masto, and Secretary of State Ross Miller. 11 (See Doc. # 34 at 3-5.) 12 II. LEGAL STANDARD 13 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 15(a) provides that “[a] party may amend its pleading 14 once as a matter of course within: (A) 21 days after serving it, or (B) if the pleading is one to 15 which a responsive pleading is required, 21 days after service of a responsive pleading or 21 16 days after service of a motion under Rule 12(b), (e), or (f), whichever is earlier.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 17 15(a). Otherwise, a party must seek leave of court to amend a pleading. Fed. R. Civ. P. 15(a)(2). 18 The time to amend as a matter of right has expired in this case; therefore, Plaintiff was 19 required to seek leave of court to amend, as he has done here. 20 While the court should freely give leave to amend when justice requires, leave need not 21 be granted where amendment: “(1) prejudices the opposing party; (2) is sought in bad faith; 22 (3) produces an undue delay in litigation; or (4) is futile.” Amerisource Bergen Corp. v. 23 Dialysist West, Inc., 465 F.3d 946, 951 (9th Cir. 2006) (citation omitted). Thus, leave to amend 24 may be denied if the proposed amendment is futile or would be subject to dismissal. Carrico v. 25 City & County of San Francisco, 656 F.3d 1002, 1008 (9th Cir. 2011). 26 “[L]eave to amend should be granted if it appears at all possible that the plaintiff can 27 correct the defect.” Crowley v. Bannister, 734 F.3d 967, 977 (9th Cir. 2013) (internal quotation 28 3 1 marks and citation omitted). “[T]he rule favoring liberality in amendments to pleadings is 2 particularly important for the pro se litigant. Presumably unskilled in the law, the pro se 3 litigant is far more prone to make errors in pleading than the person who benefits from the 4 representation of counsel.” Id. at 977-78 (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). III. DISCUSSION 5 6 A. Timeliness 7 Plaintiff originally submitted this action for filing on August 23, 2012. (Doc. # 1.) The 8 complaint was screened on October 16, 2012, and Plaintiff was allowed to proceed against the 9 current defendants on the Eighth Amendment claim mentioned above. (Doc. # 4.) Defendants 10 filed their answer on October 29, 2013. (Doc. # 24.) Thereafter, the court issued its scheduling 11 order on October 30, 2013, providing that any motion for leave to amend shall be filed within 12 sixty days, or on or before December 29, 2013. (Doc. # 26.) 13 Plaintiff filed this motion on January 23, 2014 (Doc. # 34), several weeks after the 14 deadline to file a motion for leave to amend. While Plaintiff previously sought an extension of 15 the scheduling order deadline to complete discovery, he did not seek an extension of the 16 deadline to seek leave to amend to add new parties. (See Doc. # 32.) Nor has he filed a timely 17 motion seeking to otherwise amend the scheduling order. 18 Pursuant to the scheduling order, Plaintiff was required to establish “good cause” for his 19 failure to file the motion within the time frame set forth in the scheduling order. (See Doc. # 20 26.) In his reply, Plaintiff only states that his motion was tardy because “the information 21 available to him only came the first part of January 2014" so he could not meet the January 29, 22 2013 deadline. (Id.) Plaintiff does not explain what information he is referring to or where it 23 came from. It is not clear whether he received this information in discovery or from some other 24 source. If he did, Plaintiff should have anticipated receiving the information and could have at 25 least filed a motion to extend the scheduling order deadline for seeking leave to amend. 26 Plaintiff also indicates that in December of January, he was experiencing severe pain. (Id. at 27 2.) 28 4 1 In light of his pro se status, and the liberality with which pro se filings are viewed, 2 Plaintiff will be given another opportunity to establish good cause as to why he sought relief 3 outside the scheduling order’s parameters. 4 B. Failure to Comply with Local Rules 5 Local Rule 15-1(a) requires a party moving for leave to amend to “attach the proposed 6 amended pleading to any motion to amend, so that it will be complete in itself without 7 reference to the superseding pleading.” L.R. 15-1(a). 8 It appears that Plaintiff has intertwined his proposed amended pleading with his 9 memorandum of points and authorities, and failed to include a separate proposed amended 10 complaint that is complete in and of itself in accordance with Local Rule 15-1(a). Because 11 Plaintiff is pro se, Plaintiff will be given an opportunity to correct this defect. 12 C. Other Concerns 13 14 1. Proposed Defendants Director Cox, Warden Baca, Governor Sandoval, Attorney General Catherine Cortez Masto, and Secretary of State Ross Miller 15 In his proposed amended complaint, Plaintiff asserts that Director Cox and Warden 16 Baca are “affiliated with” NDOC, and are “responsible for the implementation of policies, 17 procedures, and customs regarding the response to medical referrals and requests for medical 18 evaluations of inmates with medical needs.” (Doc. # 34 at 6.) He contends that “they have 19 allowed company policy to deteriorate even more, by having no-sick-call, and by only doing 2 20 man-down situation[s].” (Id. at 12.) 21 With respect to the Governor, Attorney General and Secretary of State, Plaintiff alleges 22 they make up the Board of State Prison Commissioners and “are responsible for creating, 23 implementing and approving policies and procedures” for NDOC. (Doc. # 34 at 6.) He states 24 that they are the decision makers for NDOC and were deliberately indifferent to Plaintiff’s 25 rights. (Id. at 12.) 26 Plaintiff does not allege that any of these proposed defendants personally participated 27 in the alleged deliberate indifference to his serious medical need. Instead, he appears to base 28 5 1 his claim against them on their role as supervisory officials. 2 "'Under section 1983, supervisory officials are not liable for actions of subordinates 3 on any theory of vicarious liability.'" Snow v. McDaniel, 681 F.3d 978, 989 (9th Cir. 2012) 4 (en banc) (quoting Hansen v. Black, 885 F.2d 642, 645-46 (9th Cir. 1989)). "A supervisor 5 may be liable only if (1) he or she is personally involved in the constitutional deprivation, or 6 (2) there is 'a sufficient causal connection between the supervisor's wrongful conduct and 7 the constitutional violation.'" Id. (quoting Hansen, 885 F.2d at 646). 8 9 The causal connection can include: "1) [the supervisor's] own culpable action or inaction in the training, supervision, or control of subordinates; 2) their acquiescence in the 10 constitutional deprivation of which a complaint is made; or 3) conduct that showed a 11 reckless or callous indifference to the rights of others." Lemire v. Cal. Dep't of Corr., 726 12 F.3d 1062, 1085 (9th Cir. 2013) (citations and internal quotation marks omitted). "The 13 requisite causal connection can be established by setting in motion a series of acts by others, 14 or by knowingly refusing to terminate a series of acts by others, which the supervisor knew 15 or should have known would cause others to inflict a constitutional injury." Id. (citing Starr 16 v. Baca, 652 F.3d 1202, 1207-08 (9th Cir. 2011), cert. denied, 132 S.Ct. 2101 (Apr. 30, 17 2012)) (internal quotation marks omitted). 18 In addition, “[s]upervisory liability exists even without overt personal participation 19 in the offensive act if supervisory officials implement a policy so deficient that the policy 20 ‘itself is a repudiation of constitutional rights’ and is the “moving force of a constitutional 21 violation.’” Crowley v. Bannister, 734 F.3d 967, 977 (9th Cir. 2013) (internal quotation 22 marks and citation omitted). 23 While Plaintiff generally references the implementation of policies, he does not 24 allege sufficient facts to alert these proposed defendants as to what policies it is he contends 25 they implemented that resulted in his alleged constitutional deprivation. Additionally, he 26 attempts to hinge liability on a failure to train, supervision or control of subordinates, but 27 uses only conclusory allegations and again fails to allege facts that would give rise to a claim 28 6 1 against each of these defendants. While a complaint need not contain detailed factual 2 allegations, threadbare recitations and conclusory statements are not enough. See Ashcroft 3 v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (citation omitted). 4 It is not clear at this point that it would be impossible for Plaintiff to state a claim 5 against these defendants. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s motion for leave to amend to add these 6 proposed defendants is denied without prejudice. 7 2. Proposed Defendants Aranas and Jacobs With respect to proposed defendant Aranas, Plaintiff also states that he has simply 8 9 carried on after his predecessor, Dr. Bannister. (Doc. # 34 at 12.) In the original complaint, 10 Plaintiff alleged that Dr. Bannister, as NDOC’s medical director, had a personal policy of 11 encouraging his medical staff to deprive inmates of needed medical care due to cost, the 12 inmate’s conviction or whatever other reason is chosen by the employee. He further alleged 13 that Dr. Bannister personally encouraged the other defendants to deprive Plaintiff of 14 meaningful medical care, and failed to adequately train and supervise his employees. 15 In addition, he contends that Dr. Bannister, along with Dr. Mar and Dr. Johns, who formed 16 the URP, purposefully denied and/or delayed Plaintiff’s necessary surgeries due to their 17 cost. 18 While Plaintiff generally alleges that proposed defendant Aranas has taken over for 19 Dr. Bannister (Doc. # 34 at 12), he does not include any allegations in the proposed 20 amended complaint that would suffice to hold Aranas personally liable, or even liable as a 21 supervisor. Stating generally that Aranas is Dr. Bannister’s successor is insufficient. For this 22 reason, Plaintiff’s motion for leave to amend to add proposed defendant Aranas is denied; 23 however, the denial is without prejudice as Plaintiff should be given a chance to include 24 allegations that state a claim against defendant Aranas. 25 Plaintiff similarly contends that defendant Jacobs took over as director of nursing 26 from John Peery. (Doc. # 34 at 12.) In the original complaint Plaintiff alleged that 27 defendant Peery told his staff to answer all inmate requests for medical care with a response 28 7 1 that they should come to sick call for an appointment; however, in reality, sick call does not 2 occur very frequently and appointments hardly ever get set, and when they do they are 3 forty-five to ninety days out. 4 Plaintiff includes no allegations regarding proposed defendant Jacobs’ involvement 5 in his alleged constitutional deprivations. Simply stating that Jacobs is Peery’s successor is 6 not enough. Therefore, Plaintiff’s motion to amend to add defendant Jacobs’ is denied. 7 Again, the denial is without prejudice. 8 3. Proposed Jane/John Doe Quality Assurance Specialist IV 9 Plaintiff has included no specific allegations regarding the actions of the Jane/John 10 Doe Quality Assurance Specialist IV. He has not identified any particular basis for naming 11 this individual as a defendant. Moreover, he has failed to actually identify this person. 12 Plaintiff has already requested and been given an extension of time to conduct discovery 13 and has yet to identify this individual. Accordingly, Plaintiff’s request for leave to amend in 14 this respect is denied at this time. Should Plaintiff discover the identity of the individual and 15 should he be able to identify a specific basis for adding this defendant prior to the close of 16 discovery on April 30, 2014, Plaintiff may seek leave of court to amend. Therefore, 17 Plaintiff’s request for leave to amend to add the proposed Jane/John Doe Quality Assurance 18 Specialist IV is denied without prejudice. 19 20 III. CONCLUSION Plaintiff’s motion for leave to amend (Doc. # 34) is DENIED WITHOUT 21 PREJUDICE. Plaintiff has thirty days from the date of this order to file a new motion for 22 leave to amend to add these proposed parties. Plaintiff is advised: (1) he must establish 23 good cause, supported by specific reasons, for failing to seek leave to amend within the 24 parameters of the scheduling order; (2) he must file a motion with a memorandum of points 25 and authorities addressing the good cause element identified above and stating why 26 amendment should be permitted; (3) he must file as an exhibit the proposed amended 27 complaint so that it is complete in and of itself; (4) he must make sure that the proposed 28 8 1 amended pleading corrects the deficiencies noted in this order such that sufficient factual 2 allegations are included as to each proposed new defendant; (5) any allegations, parties or 3 requests for relief from the original complaint that are not carried forward in the proposed 4 amended complaint will no longer be before the court; (6) if he fails to file an amended 5 complaint within the time period specified above, the action will proceed on the original 6 complaint; and (7) Plaintiff shall clearly title the proposed amended complaint as such by 7 placing the words “AMENDED COMPLAINT” on page 1 in the caption, and shall place the 8 case number above the words “AMENDED COMPLAINT” in the space for “Case No.” 9 IT IS SO ORDERED. 10 DATED: February 18, 2014. 11 12 WILLIAM G. COBB UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 9