Downs v. River City Group LLC et al, No. 3:2011cv00885 - Document 243 (D. Nev. 2014)

Court Description: ORDER denying 222 Motion to Compel. Signed by Magistrate Judge William G. Cobb on 03/12/2014. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - KR)

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Downs v. River City Group LLC et al Doc. 243 1 2 3 4 5 6 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 7 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 8 9 10 11 12 13 LINDA DOWNS, ) ) Plaintiff, ) ) vs. ) ) RIVER CITY GROUP, LLC, et al., ) ) Defendants. ) ______________________________________) 3:11-cv-00885-LRH-WGC ORDER re: Plaintiff’s Motion to Compel Further Discovery from Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. (Doc. # 222) 14 15 Before the court is Plaintiff Linda Downs’ (“Downs”) Motion to Compel Further Discovery from 16 Wells Fargo Bank, N.A. (“Wells Fargo”). (Doc. # 222.)1 Wells Fargo opposed Downs’ motion (Doc. # 17 235) and Downs replied (Doc. # 238). The motion has been referred to the undersigned by Senior 18 District Judge Larry R. Hicks. After a thorough review, Downs’ motion (Doc. # 222) is denied. 19 20 I. FACTUAL BACKGROUND & PROCEDURAL HISTORY A. Factual Basis for Complaint 21 In July 2005, Downs, along with her husband Ronald, purchased real property through a 22 mortgage note and deed of trust originated by former defendant River City Group, LLC. In early 23 December, 2009, Downs and her husband obtained mortgage payment protection insurance advertised 24 by Wells Fargo and underwritten by defendant Minnesota Life Insurance Company (“Minnesota Life”). 25 The insurance policy provided for twelve (12) monthly payments of $2,398.23— the amount of the 26 Downs’ mortgage—to be paid to Wells Fargo in the event of Ronald’s death. 27 On May 21, 2010, Ronald passed away. On June 10, 2010, Downs contacted both Wells Fargo 28 1 Refers to court’s docket number. 1 and Minnesota life and notified them of Ronald’s passing and requested the payment of the mortgage 2 payments pursuant to the mortgage insurance policy. On June 17, 2010, Minnesota Life acknowledged 3 receipt of Downs’s claim and requested additional information including: (1) a certified death certificate; 4 (2) a completed Health History Information Request form; and (3) a completed Health Insurance 5 Portability and Accountability Act (“HIPAA”) authorization form. Downs sent the requested information 6 on July 6, 2010, and Minnesota Life received the information on July 9, 2010. 7 After receiving the information, Minnesota Life communicated to Downs that because Ronald 8 had died within the first two years of the policy’s effective date, the coverage was contestable, and 9 Minnesota Life would be conducting a routine coverage review. As part of its coverage investigation, 10 Minnesota Life requested additional medical record from Dr. John Williamson and the Northern Nevada 11 Medical Center (“NNMC”). Minnesota Life received the records from Dr. Williamson on July 29, 2010, 12 and from NNMC on August 11, 2010. 13 On August 18, 2010, Minnesota Life completed its contestability review, approved Downs’ claim 14 for payment, and sent Wells Fargo a check for $9,572.92 to cover the mortgage payments from May 15 2010, through August 2010. Thereafter, Minnesota Life made payments in accord with the payment 16 schedule as prescribed under the policy. However, prior to the disbursement of funds from Minnesota 17 Life, Wells Fargo initiated non-judicial foreclosure proceedings against the underlying property for 18 failure to pay the mortgage payments since May 2010. 19 Subsequently, Downs filed a complaint alleging ten causes of action against all defendants: 20 (1) intentional infliction of emotional distress; (2) negligent infliction of emotional distress; (3) breach 21 of contact; (4) breach of the implied covenants of good faith and fair dealing; (5) unfair claims practices; 22 (6) conspiracy to defraud; (7) negligence; (8) invasion of privacy; (9) unjust enrichment; and (10) quiet 23 title. (Doc. # 1, Exh. A.) 24 B. Discovery Preceding this Motion 25 26 The complicated and extensive discovery history of this case as it pertains to the pending motions is summarized below.2 27 2 28 As this court noted in its order disposing of Downs’ motion to compel as against Minnesota Life: “Motions to compel, emergency motions, etc., have seemed to be the rule in the discovery history of this case, not the exception. The record reflects this contentious litigation generated some 24 discovery motions.” (Doc. # 232 at 2.) 2 1 The discovery deadline was initially scheduled for July 11, 2012. (Doc. # 40.) It was later 2 extended on the parties’ stipulation to September 10, 2012. (Doc. # 51.) On June 5, 2012, the deadline 3 was extended again to October 10, 2012. (Doc. # 70 at 2.) Yet another stipulation was approved, 4 extending the discovery deadline to December 10, 2012. (Doc. # 80 at 2.) The parties sought a final 5 extension of the discovery deadline (their fourth request) to February 8, 2013 (Doc. # 81); and the 6 deadline for filing dispositive motions was set for March 10, 2013. This court approved this extension, 7 noting, however: “There will be no further extensions.” (Doc. # 82, emphasis original.) 8 On January 3, 2013, prior to the deadline for completion of discovery, Downs filed an emergency 9 motion to compel discovery against Minnesota Life. (Doc. # 103.) Downs also filed an emergency 10 motion as to Wells Fargo. (Doc # 109.) The court ordered the parties to engage in a personal consultation 11 to try to resolve or at least narrow their disputes and scheduled an expedited hearing on these two 12 emergency motions (as well as several other discovery motions) for January 18, 2013, to the extent any 13 specific issues remained. (Doc. # 111.) 14 Apparently the court’s admonition that the parties needed to satisfy their “meet and confer” 15 obligations had its desired effect, at least as to Downs’ motion to compel against Wells Fargo because 16 at the January 18, 2013 hearing, Downs and Wells Fargo advised the court they had resolved their 17 discovery dispute and that Downs was withdrawing her motion against Wells Fargo. (See Doc. # 132 18 at 4.)3 19 In late April 2013, approximately ten weeks after the deadline for completion of discovery had 20 passed, Downs filed another set of motions to compel against Minnesota Life (Doc. # 188) and Wells 21 Fargo (Doc. # 191). 22 After these motions were filed, Wells Fargo filed a motion for stay of Downs’ discovery motions 23 (Docs. ## 197, 198), which Minnesota Life joined (Doc. # 200). They sought a stay of briefing these 24 25 26 27 28 3 The court notes that Downs’ current motion to compel against Wells Fargo suggests Wells Fargo reneged on its agreement which brought about the representation that Downs’ motion to compel against Wells Fargo (Doc. # 109) was withdrawn. As a result, Downs states that she is incorporating the prior motion (Doc. # 109) in its entirety into the current motion. (See Doc. # 222 at 3.) This posture is problematic. First and foremost, an attempt to “incorporate” a motion which was in fact withdrawn is futile. Moreover, the prior motion (Doc. # 109) was 19 pages with 328 pages of supporting documentation (Doc. # 110). Downs should not seek to burden the court with undertaking a review of some 350 pages to ascertain what may or may not be germane to her current motion. 3 1 motions until after Judge Hicks decided the pending summary judgment motions. (Doc. # 197 at 2.) As 2 of that date, the parties’ respective motions for summary judgment had been fully briefed and were 3 considered ripe for resolution. See L.R. 7-2(e). 4 The court conducted another expedited status conference on the motion seeking a stay on May 5 16, 2013. Ultimately, the court agreed with the defendants and stayed briefing on Downs’ motions to 6 compel (Docs. ## 188, 191). The court further stated that: The court is not, however, as counsel for Wells Fargo requested, denying and/or striking Plaintiff’s motions to compel in their entirety; it is just that the court believes that consideration of a motion to compel filed after the deadline for completion of discovery while dispositive motions are pending runs counter to principles of judicial economy. If Judge Hicks grants Defendants’ motions for summary judgment as to either or both parties, as noted above, obviously the motion to compel as to that party becomes moot. If, on the other hand, Judge Hicks denies Defendants’ motions, the court will direct the parties to complete briefing on the merits of Plaintiff’s motions to compel, to include, however, a discussion of whether Plaintiff’s motions were timely filed. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 (Doc. # 204 at 4; italics original; emphasis added.) 14 C. Ruling on Motions for Summary Judgment & Effect on Stayed Motions to Compel 15 On August 23, 2013, Judge Hicks granted Minnesota Life’s motion for summary judgment, 16 effectively terminating it from the case. (Doc. # 207.) On December 4, 2013, Judge Hicks denied 17 Downs’ motion for partial summary judgment (Doc # 213) and granted in part and denied in part Wells 18 Fargo’s motion for summary judgment (Doc # 215). 19 Shortly thereafter, on December 10, 2013, Judge Hicks noted various discovery motions had 20 been previously filed but stayed pending resolution of the motions for summary judgment. Judge Hicks 21 denied these discovery motions (Doc. ## 181, 188, 191) without prejudice to allow the parties to re- 22 evaluate their respective positions in light of his decisions on the motions for summary judgment and 23 to allow the parties to decide whether to proceed with similar discovery motions. (Doc. # 218.) 24 Downs elected to proceed with her motion to compel against Wells Fargo (earlier lodged as Doc. 25 # 191) and it was filed as Doc. # 222. The court will not go into detail in describing the substantive basis 26 of Downs’ motion to compel against Wells Fargo because as will be discussed fully below, the court 27 finds the motion is untimely. 28 /// 4 1 2 II. DISCUSSION As the court intimated above, the key inquiry here is whether or not Downs timely brought her 3 motion to compel. 4 A. Preliminary Matters 5 Preliminarily, the court will evaluate the timeliness of Downs’ motion by utilizing the date the 6 underlying motion (Doc. # 191) was filed, April 29, 2013, and not the January 8, 2014 date when the 7 motion was re-filed (Doc. # 222), since the underlying motion was dismissed by the court without 8 prejudice to allow Downs to re-evaluate her motion in light of the rulings on the motions for summary 9 judgment. In addition, the court will not relate the date of the filing (either Doc. # 222 or Doc. # 191) 10 back to her earlier motion to compel (Doc. # 109) which was irrefutably withdrawn by Downs. (See Doc. 11 # 132 at 4.) 12 Next, the court points out that despite the admonition to address the timeliness issue, Downs’ 13 motion is devoid of any discussion of timeliness and the topic was only raised in her reply brief. 14 B. Legal Standard 15 Neither the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure nor the Local Rules for the United States District 16 Court for the District of Nevada specify a deadline for filing a motion to compel. Federal Rule of Civil 17 Procedure 16, however, provides that the court shall set appropriate case deadlines, including those 18 related to the completion of discovery. Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b). To modify a deadline set forth in the 19 scheduling order, a party must establish good cause. Fed. R. Civ. P. 16(b)(4). The Advisory Committee 20 Comments to Rule 16 indicate that good cause is shown when the schedule cannot reasonably be met 21 despite the diligence of the party seeking the extension. Advisory Committee Notes to Rule 16 (1983 22 amendments). 23 In accordance with Rule 16, the court issued a discovery plan and scheduling order, and as 24 discussed above, after granting several extensions, the discovery deadline was ultimately extended to 25 February 8, 2013. (See Doc. # 82.) 26 The decision to extend a discovery deadline is discretionary. See Cornwell v. Electra Central 27 Credit Union, 439 F.3d 1018, 1026, 1027 (9th Cir. 2006); see also Packman v. Chicago Tribune Co., 28 267 F.3d 628, 646-47 (7th Cir. 2001) (finding district court did not abuse its discretion denying motion 5 1 to compel as untimely where the plaintiff waited to file the motion until after discovery had closed and 2 after the defendants had filed their motion for summary judgment). 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 The Ninth Circuit has highlighted the importance of scheduling order deadlines and the need for parties to take them seriously: In these days of heavy caseloads, trial courts in both the federal and state systems routinely set schedules and establish deadlines to foster the efficient treatment and resolution of cases. Those efforts will be successful only if the deadlines are taken seriously by the parties, and the best way to encourage that is to enforce the deadlines. Parties must understand that they will pay a price for failure to comply strictly with scheduling and other orders, and that failure to do so may properly support severe sanctions and exclusions of evidence. Wong v. Regents of University of California, 410 F.3d 1052, 1060 (9th Cir. 2004). 10 Most courts addressing the issue within the Ninth Circuit have held that a motion to compel 11 should be filed before the discovery completion deadline, absent a showing of good cause to modify the 12 scheduling order deadline. Courts have also considered whether the motion was filed before or after the 13 dispositive motion deadline. In addition, some courts also look at various factors in determining the 14 timeliness of a motion to compel filed after the discovery deadline. 15 In Gault v. Nabisco Biscuit Co., 184 F.R.D. 620 (D. Nev. 1999), Magistrate Judge Johnston 16 denied a plaintiff’s motion to compel as untimely. Magistrate Judge Johnson initially stated the general 17 proposition that a court may consider a motion to compel untimely when the moving party has unduly 18 delayed its filing. Id. at 622 (citations omitted). He also stated: “A motion to compel filed during the 19 discovery period would rarely be considered untimely.” Id. He acknowledged that a motion to compel 20 might be filed after the close of discovery, but in the absence of unusual circumstances should be filed 21 before the deadline for dispositive motions. Id. In that case, Judge Johnston denied the motion, 22 concluding it was untimely where the plaintiff delayed filing the motion to compel after a decision had 23 been rendered on the defendant’s motion for summary judgment and on the eve of trial. Id. 24 In Oliva v. National City Corp., No. 2:08-cv-01559-PMP-LRL, 2010 WL 1949600 (D. Nev. 25 May 12, 2010), Magistrate Judge Leavitt similarly denied the plaintiff’s motion to compel where the 26 plaintiff filed it nearly two months after the close of discovery, failed to seek an extension of the 27 discovery deadline and did not show good cause to modify the scheduling order. Id. at * 4. 28 Magistrate Judge Foley likewise denied a motion to compel filed after the deadline for filing 6 1 discovery and dispositive motions. Christmas v. MERS, No. 2:09-cv-01389-RLH-GWF, at * 2 (D. Nev. 2 July 2, 2010). 3 Rogers v. Brauer Law Offices, PLC, No. CV-10-1693-PHX-LOA, 2011 WL 3665346 (D. Ariz. 4 Aug. 22, 2011), identifies various cases where courts within the Ninth Circuit have denied discovery 5 motions filed after the close of discovery. Id. at * 4 (citing Kizzee v. Walmart, Inc., 2011 WL 3565881, 6 at * 1 (D. Ariz. Aug. 15, 2011) (motion to compel discovery made more than three months after 7 discovery deadline denied as untimely), Skinner v. Ryan, 2010 WL 4602935 (D. Ariz. Nov. 5, 2010) 8 (motion to compel filed a month after deadline to bring discovery disputes to court’s attention denied 9 as untimely), Christmas v. MERS, 2010 WL 2695662 (D. Nev. July 2, 2010) (motion to compel filed 10 after deadline for discovery and dispositive motions deemed untimely), Oliva v. National City Corp., 11 2010 WL 1949600 (D. Nev. May 12, 2010) (motion to compel discovery filed two months after close 12 of discovery denied as untimely); Gault v. Nabisco Biscuit Co., 184 F.R.D. 620, 622 (D. Nev. 1999) 13 (motion to compel filed 136 days after defendant’s initial responses and close of discovery was 14 untimely)). 15 Rogers also pointed to a survey of decisions in other circuits and districts by the Northern District 16 of Texas, which concluded that in determining the timeliness of a motion to compel, courts generally 17 look to the deadline for completion of discovery. Id. (citing Days Inn Worldwide, Inc. v. Sonia 18 Investments, 237 F.R.D. 395, 397 (N.D. Tex. 2006)). Rogers noted that the Northern District of Texas 19 in Days Inn Worldwide identified various factors courts consider in analyzing whether a motion to 20 compel filed after the discovery deadline is untimely: “(1) the length of time since expiration of the 21 deadline, (2) the length of time the moving party has known about the discovery, (3) whether the 22 discovery deadline has been previously extended, (4) the explanation for the tardiness or delay, (5) 23 whether dispositive motions have been scheduled or filed, [6] the age of the case, [7] any prejudice to 24 the party from whom the discovery is sought, and [8] disruption of the court’s schedule.” Id. at * 4 25 (quoting Days Inn, 237 F.R.D. at 398). In evaluating these factors, the court in the District of Arizona 26 concluded that a motion filed two months after the discovery deadline, and less than a month before the 27 dispositive motion deadline was untimely. Id. at * 5. 28 In Agarwal v. Oregon Mut. Ins. Co., the plaintiffs specifically argued that their motion, filed after 7 1 the close of discovery, dispositive motions deadline, and after the motion for summary judgment was 2 fully briefed, should be considered timely because there is no established deadline for filing a discovery 3 motion. Agarwal, No. 2:11-cv-01384-LDG, 2013 WL 211093, at * 5 (D. Nev. Jan. 18, 2013). 4 Magistrate Judge Hoffman rejected that argument, advising the parties that various decisions in this 5 district had addressed the issue, and determined that none of the circumstances advanced by the plaintiffs 6 justified the delay in filing the motion to compel. Id. 7 In another very recent decision in the District of Nevada, Magistrate Judge Hoffman similarly 8 ruled that a motion to compel filed approximately four months after the close of discovery and three 9 months after the dispositive motion deadline was untimely. Krause v. Nevada Mut. Ins. Co., No. 2:12- 10 cv-00342-JCM-CWH, 2014 WL 428675 (D. Nev. Feb. 4, 2014). Krause reiterated that a discovery 11 motion should be filed before the dispositive motion deadline. Id. at * 2. In denying the motion, Judge 12 Hoffman pointed out that the plaintiff knew of the deficient responses long before the close of discovery, 13 the dispositive motion deadline, and before she filed her response to the motion for summary judgment. 14 Id. at * 3. 15 C. Analysis 16 As demonstrated above, most cases reviewed by the court suggest that absent a showing of good 17 cause, a motion to compel filed after the discovery completion deadline is untimely. The cases also 18 indicate that a motion to compel should be filed before the dispositive motion deadline, absent unusual 19 circumstances. Yet others indicate that a determination of timeliness of a motion filed after the discovery 20 completion deadline should be based on a review of a non-exhaustive list of factors. Regardless of the 21 approach taken, the court reaches the same conclusion in this case: Downs’ motion to compel is 22 untimely. 23 The discovery completion deadline in this case was February 8, 2013. Downs initially filed her 24 motion to compel (not to be confused with the earlier withdrawn motion to compel) on April 29, 2013. 25 (Doc. # 191.) This was more than two months after the expiration of the discovery completion deadline, 26 which had been extended various times. This was also more than a month after the expiration of the 27 dispositive motion deadline of March 10, 2013. Moreover, the motion to compel was filed several weeks 28 after all briefing on the dispositive motions had been completed. (See Docs. # 180, # 183, # 184.) 8 1 Therefore, absent a showing of good cause, under the authority followed by most district courts, Downs’ 2 motion to compel is untimely. 3 As the court stated above, Downs did not address the timeliness issue (and therefore did not make 4 a good cause showing) in her re-filed motion to compel, despite the court’s instruction that the parties 5 would need to address timeliness if a motion to compel were to be renewed. (See Doc. # 222.) In Downs’ 6 reply brief, she does offer several justifications for the delay in filing the motion. Downs’ arguments are 7 unavailing. She argues that the motion is timely because it relates to discovery requested before 8 discovery closed and it relates to matters that were subject to a motion filed prior to the close of 9 discovery. (Doc. # 238.) First, Downs does not address the authority in this district that a motion to 10 compel should be filed prior to the close of discovery. Whether or not the discovery that is the subject 11 of the motion was requested before the close of discovery is not the relevant inquiry. She does not 12 explain why, when she knew the discovery completion date was upon her, she did not seek an a 13 modification of the scheduling order to allow her to timely file a motion to compel. Second, the court 14 has already determined that Downs cannot relate this motion compel (either Doc. # 191 or Doc. # 222) 15 back to the motion that she previously withdrew. 16 Downs also suggests that the reason her motion is untimely is because Wells Fargo “has 17 continuously abused the discovery process by continually refusing to provide the requested discovery.” 18 (Doc. # 238 at 1.) This excuse, however, does not explain the tardiness of her motion. If she thought 19 Wells Fargo was abusing the discovery process all along, that is even more reason to have brought the 20 motion earlier. Alternatively, if Downs anticipated Wells Fargo was going to stonewall her in responding 21 to discovery, she should have expected she would need to bring a motion to compel; therefore, she 22 should have sought an extension of the discovery completion deadline so that she could file her motion 23 in a timely fashion. 24 Downs goes on to argue that she was tardy in filing her motion because she hoped that the motion 25 would not be necessary because the parties were proceeding with a settlement conference. (Doc. # 238 26 at 2.) Again, Downs should have prophylactically sought a modification of the scheduling order. When 27 she failed to do so, she proceeded at her own peril by waiting to file her motion to compel after both the 28 discovery completion deadline and dispositive motions deadline. 9 1 In sum, Downs did not file her motion to compel prior to either the discovery completion 2 deadline or dispositive motion deadline, and she has failed to establish good cause for the delay; 3 therefore, the motion is untimely. 4 Even taking into consideration the non-exhaustive list of factors utilized by some courts in 5 determining whether a motion filed after the discovery completion deadline is timely, as the district court 6 undertook in Days Inn Worldwide, the court still concludes Downs’ motion to compel is untimely. 7 8 9 10 First, as indicated above, the motion was filed more than two months after the discovery completion deadline. This militates against finding the motion was timely. Second, Downs has admittedly known about this discovery for quite a long time. This factor likewise goes against concluding the motion was timely. 11 Third, the court outlined above that the discovery completion deadline was extended numerous 12 times in this action, and prior to granting the final extension of February 8, 2013, the court admonished 13 the parties that there would be no further extensions. The third factor also suggests the motion was not 14 timely and that it should not be permitted. 15 16 Fourth, the court has addressed Downs’ explanations for the tardiness of her filing above, and has found none of them to be adequate, which goes against a finding of timeliness. 17 Fifth, as the court has repeatedly pointed out, Downs filed her motion after the dispositive motion 18 deadline and after briefing on the dispositive motions was completed. This factor weighs against a 19 determining the motion was timely. 20 Sixth, this litigation was initiated in December of 2011. While a trial date has not yet been set, 21 with the court’s congested trial calendar, it will likely be difficult to get this case to trial before its three- 22 year anniversary date. Thus, the sixth factor cuts against Downs’ argument that the motion was timely. 23 Seventh, Downs obviously contends she would be prejudiced if the motion to compel is not 24 permitted to proceed. This factor therefore weighs in favor of a finding of timeliness. 25 It is also important to note that Downs’ opposition to Wells Fargo’s motion for summary 26 judgment did not raise the contention, under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(d), that she needed 27 additional time “to obtain affidavits or declarations or take discovery” in order to adequately oppose 28 Wells Fargo’s motion. (See Doc. # 163.) 10 1 Finally, the court must consider the impact this motion will have on the court’s schedule if the 2 court were to determine it was timely. Initially, the court points out that Wells Fargo may seek review 3 of any decision rendered by the undersigned on the motion by the district judge, as is its right. 4 Nonetheless, this would take additional time for review. Then, if the objection were overruled, major 5 disruption of the court’s calendar would result. A new scheduling order would have to be entered to 6 provide for the re-deposing (for the third time) of the Wells Fargo witness whom Downs alleges 7 provided inadequate information. (See Doc. # 222 at 3-6.) Supplemental answers to interrogatories 8 would be necessary. (See id. at 6-7.) According to Downs, new or at the least additional document 9 production would have to be undertaken. (See id. at 7-10.) The parties would also have to address the 10 matter of a privilege log. (See id. at 10-12.) In view of the contentious discovery history in this case to 11 date, it is likely allowing this motion to proceed may result in the filing of further motion(s) to compel. 12 In sum, the majority of the factors weigh against a finding that Downs’ motion to compel was 13 timely filed and instead lead the court to conclude that the motion is untimely. 14 Finally, the court notes Wells Fargo’s argument that the court already determined that Downs’ 15 motion to compel against Minnesota Life was untimely. (Doc. # 235 at 1.) Wells Fargo is correct (see 16 Doc. # 232 at 13:21-26); therefore, it is logical for the court to reach the same conclusion with respect 17 to Downs’ motion to compel against Wells Fargo. Nevertheless, substantial independent grounds exist 18 for finding Downs’ motion to compel against Wells Fargo untimely. 19 III. CONCLUSION 20 In the exercise of its broad discretion concerning discovery matters, the court finds Downs’ 21 motion to compel (Doc. # 222), as well as its predecessor (Doc. # 191) to be untimely. Therefore, 22 Downs’ motion to compel (Doc. # 222) is DENIED. 23 IT IS SO ORDERED. 24 DATED: March 12, 2014 _____________________________________ WILLIAM G. COBB UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 25 26 27 28 11

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