Dryden v. State of Nevada et al, No. 2:2016cv01227 - Document 34 (D. Nev. 2018)

Court Description: ORDER granting 28 Motion to Extend Copy Work; ORDER granting 29 Motion for Leave to File Document. The fourth-amended complaint (ECF No. 29-1) is the operative complaint in this case. Claims may proceed against (see order for details). This action is Stayed until 8/21/2018. On or before 8/21/2018, the Office of the Attorney General must file the report form attached to this order. The Attorney General's Office must advise the Court by June 11, 2018, whether it will enter a limited notice of appearance on behalf of defendants. Signed by Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey on 5/22/2018. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF, cc: Comp to P - JM)
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Dryden v. State of Nevada et al Doc. 34 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 3 Bryan Dryden, 4 Case No.: 2:16-cv-01227-JAD-GWF Plaintiff 5 6 v. 7 Order State of Nevada, et al., [ECF Nos. 28, 29] Defendants 8 9 Pro se plaintiff Bryan Dryden is an inmate at the High Desert State Prison (HDSP), and 10 he brings this civil-rights action against HDSP personnel for events that allegedly occurred there. 11 He moves for leave to file a fourth-amended complaint and attaches the proposed amended 12 complaint to his motion. I grant the motion, finding that the defendants are not prejudiced by the 13 amendment and that it results in no undue delay. After screening the complaint, I allow 14 Dryden’s excessive-force claim to proceed against Defendant Neilson and failure-to-protect 15 claim to proceed against Defendant Osborn, dismiss all other claims, and refer this case to the 16 Inmate Early Mediation Program. Procedural History 17 18 This action originated in state court and was removed here with Dryden’s first-amended 19 complaint. 1 I later screened his first-amended complaint, dismissed some claims and allowed 20 others to proceed, and granted Dryden further leave to amend his complaint to cure the 21 deficiencies in his claims against the individual (as opposed to entity) defendants. 2 Three 22 months after my screening order, Dryden filed a second-amended complaint. 3 Then, seven 23 months later (and without seeking leave to do so), Dryden filed a third-amended complaint. 4 24 25 26 27 28 1 ECF No. 1. 2 ECF No. 19. 3 ECF No. 25. 4 ECF No. 27. 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 Dryden, one month later, filed a motion for leave to file an amended complaint and attached a 2 proposed fourth-amended complaint to his motion. 5 I told Dryden in my original screening that 3 his amended complaint would also be screened, but he filed multiple amended complaints before 4 I had an opportunity to screen any of them. 5 A. The motion for leave to amend is granted. 6 Defendants Bob Faulkner and Ted Nielson both oppose Dryden’s motion for leave to 7 amend and file a fourth-amended complaint. 6 Rule 15(a)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil 8 Procedure instructs the court to “freely give leave [to amend a pleading] when justice so 9 requires.” 7 Justice has boundaries, however, and federal courts balance five factors when 10 considering a motion to amend: (1) bad faith; (2) undue delay; (3) prejudice to the opposing 11 party; (4) the futility of the amendment; and (5) whether the plaintiff has previously amended his 12 complaint. 8 The factors do not weigh equally; the Ninth Circuit apportions the greatest weight to 13 the prejudice-to-the-opposing-party factor. 9 The burden is on the opposing party to show 14 prejudice, and absent that showing or a heavy influence from the other factors, there is a 15 presumption in favor of permitting amendment. 10 Faulkner and Nielson argue that Dryden’s motion “unduly delays this litigation” because 16 17 he “waited ten months ‘to correct errors’ in his second amended complaint on file.” 11 But any 18 delay in this litigation is not because of Dryden’s amendments (or requested amendment)—it is 19 because of this court’s heavy docket. I granted Dryden leave to amend his first-amended 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5 ECF No. 29. 6 ECF No. 31. 7 FED. R. CIV. P. 15(a)(2). 8 Desertrain v. City of Los Angeles, 754 F.3d 1147, 1154 (9th Cir. 2014). 9 Eminence Capital, LLC v. Aspeon, Inc., 316 F.3d 1048, 1052 (9th Cir. 2003). 10 Id. (citing DCD Programs, Ltd. V. Leighton, 833 F.2d 183, 186–87 (9th Cir. 1987)). 11 ECF No. 31 at 3. 2 1 complaint, and I told him that I would screen his second-amended complaint once he filed it. 12 2 Since that order, Dryden has filed a third-amended complaint and requested leave to file a fourth3 amended complaint, but my docket has been impacted and I have been unable—until now—to 4 screen any of these amended complaints. And Dryden attached his proposed fourth-amended 5 complaint to his leave-to-amend motion, so I can screen it immediately without further delaying 6 these proceedings. Whether I screen the second-amended complaint or the fourth-amended 7 complaint, the delay is the same. I therefore find that the defendants will not suffer any undue 8 delay or prejudice by granting Dryden’s motion. And the defendants offer no other argument for 9 denying the motion, so I grant it and screen the fourth-amended complaint. 10 B. Screening standard for pro se prisoner claims 11 Federal courts must conduct a preliminary screening in any case in which a prisoner 12 seeks redress from a governmental entity or an officer or employee of a governmental entity. 13 13 In its review, the court must identify any cognizable claims and dismiss any claims that are 14 frivolous or malicious, fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, or seek monetary 15 relief from a defendant who has immunity. 14 To state a § 1983 claim, a plaintiff must allege two 16 essential elements: (1) the violation of a right secured by the Constitution or laws of the United 17 States, and (2) that the alleged violation was committed by a person acting under the color of 18 state law. 15 Dismissal for failure to state a claim is proper only if it is clear that the plaintiff 19 cannot prove any set of facts in support of the claim that would entitle him to relief. 16 In making this determination, the court takes as true all well-pled factual allegations and 20 21 construes them in the light most favorable to the plaintiff. 17 Allegations of a pro se plaintiff are 22 12 ECF No. 19 at 11. 23 13 See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(a). 24 14 See 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1)(2); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) (adding the requirement that a claim be dismissed if “the allegation of poverty is untrue”). 25 15 See West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 42, 48 (1988). 26 27 28 16 See Morely v. Walker, 175 F.3d 756, 759 (9th Cir. 1999). 17 See Warshaw v. Xoma Corp., 74 F.3d 955, 957 (9th Cir. 1996). 3 1 held to less stringent standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers, 18 but a plaintiff must 2 provide more than mere labels and conclusions. 19 “While legal conclusions can provide the 3 framework of a complaint, they must be supported with factual allegations.” 20 “Determining 4 whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief . . . [is] a context-specific task that requires 5 the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense.” 21 All or part of a complaint filed by a prisoner may also be dismissed sua sponte if the 6 7 prisoner’s claims lack an arguable basis either in law or in fact. This includes claims based on 8 legal conclusions that are untenable (e.g., claims against defendants who are immune from suit 9 or claims of infringement of a legal interest that clearly does not exist), as well as claims based 10 on fanciful factual allegations (e.g., fantastic or delusional scenarios). 22 If it’s clear from the face 11 of the complaint that any deficiencies could not be cured by amendment, the court is not required 12 to grant leave to amend. 23 13 C. Screening Dryden’s fourth-amended complaint 14 I previously allowed Dryden to proceed on his failure-to-protect claim against defendant 15 Osborn and excessive-force claim against defendants Neilson, Osborn, and Doe. 24 I granted 16 Dryden leave to amend his claims for retaliation, deliberate indifference to serious medical 17 18 19 20 18 Hughes v. Balistreri v. Pacifica Police Dep’t, 901 21 696, 699 (9thRowe, 449 U.S. 5, 9 (1980); see alsopleadings must be liberally construed). F.2d Cir. 1990) (recognizing that pro se 22 19 Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). 23 20 24 21 25 22 Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 679 (2009). Id. See Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 327–28 (1989); see also McKeever v. Block, 932 F.2d 795, 798 (9th Cir. 1991). 26 23 See Cato v. United States, 70 F.3d 1103, 1106 (9th Cir. 1995). 27 28 24 ECF No. 19 at 10. 4 1 needs, access to the courts, and respondeat superior. 25 In his fourth-amended complaint, Dryden 2 adds new claims and defendants, suing a total of seven defendants over nine counts. 26 Factual allegations 27 3 1. 4 Dryden’s story goes like this: On January 8, 2014, Defendant Osborn put Dryden in a 5 transport van. Earlier that day, Osborn sat in on Dryden’s court hearing and knew that he was a 6 protective-custody inmate. Osborn then told the general-population inmates in the van that 7 Dryden was a “snitch” and that he was “turning” state’s evidence. The general-population 8 inmates threatened to kill him and made “aggressive derogatory remarks” that made him fear for 9 his life. Dryden told the officers that the other inmates were “going to kill [him] before [he has] 10 a chance to hit the streets.” Dryden alleges that Defendant Neilson overheard all of this, but he interpreted Dryden’s 11 12 cries for help as threats against the officers, and he used that as a pretext to beat Dryden up. 13 Neilson ordered Dryden against a wall, slammed him into the wall, split his eyebrow, and 14 threatened to murder him. This assault allegedly occurred in front of Defendant Joseph, who 15 stood by and watched. Neilson then bounced Dryden off of a door frame, lifted him up off his 16 feet, and slammed his face into a plexiglass window. He also slammed Dryden into a concrete 17 bench, causing Dryden to skin his knees. Neilson threatened Dryden not to file a grievance “or 18 else.” Dryden claims that he experienced and continues to experience substantial physical and 19 20 psychological pain due to Neilson’s “beating.” He also claims that he is now fearful of what 21 Neilson will do to him when he finds out about this lawsuit. Finally, Dryden alleges that 22 Defendants Stroud, Neven, Cox, and McDaniels had a duty to train and supervise subordinate 23 staff and to create customs, policies, and practices to ensure the safe administration of HDSP. 24 25 25 Id. at 10–11. 26 26 See generally ECF No. 29-1. 27 27 These factual allegations are taken directly from Dryden’s fourth-amended complaint, so I cite to it generally for this section. Id. They are not intended as findings of fact. 28 5 I find that Dryden’s counts are best construed as four claims: (1) failure to protect against 1 2 Osborn (counts I, II, III); (2) excessive force against Neilson and Joseph (counts IV, V, VI, VII, 3 VIII); (3) retaliation against Neilson (counts IV, V, VI); and (4) respondeat superior against 4 Stroud, Neven, Cox, and McDaniels (count IX). 5 2. 6 Under the Eighth Amendment, prison officials have a duty to protect prisoners from Failure to protect (counts I, II, and III) 7 violence at the hands of other prisoners. 28 To establish a violation of this duty, the prisoner must 8 establish that prison officials were deliberately indifferent to serious threats to the inmate’s 9 safety. 29 To demonstrate this, the prisoner must show that “the official [knew] of and 10 disregard[ed] an excessive risk to inmate . . . safety; the official must both be aware of facts from 11 which the inference could be drawn that a substantial risk of serious harm exists, and [the 12 official] must also draw the inference.” 30 Prison officials may not escape liability because they 13 cannot, or did not, identify the specific source of the risk; the serious threat can be one to which 14 all prisoners are exposed. 31 I find that Dryden has stated a colorable failure-to-protect claim against Defendant 15 16 Osborn. He alleges that Osborn outed him as a “snitch” who was “turning” state’s evidence to a 17 van full of general-population inmates, which induced them to threaten to kill him. Then Dryden 18 told the officers—including Osborn—that they had threatened him, but the officers did nothing. 19 So, this claim may proceed against Osborn. 20 3. 21 When a prison official is accused of using excessive physical force in violation of the Excessive force (counts IV, V, VI, VII, and VIII) 22 cruel-and-unusual-punishment clause of the Eighth Amendment, the claim turns on whether 23 force was applied in a good-faith effort to maintain or restore discipline, or maliciously and 24 25 26 27 28 28 Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 833 (1994). 29 Id. at 834. 30 Id. at 837. 31 Id. at 843. 6 1 sadistically for the purpose of causing harm. 32 In determining whether the use of force was 2 wanton and unnecessary, the court may also consider: (1) whether there was a need for force; (2) 3 whether the force was proportional to the need; (3) the threat reasonably perceived by the 4 responsible officials; and (4) any efforts made to mitigate the need to respond with force. 33 5 Although an inmate need not have suffered serious injury to bring an excessive-force claim 6 against a prison official, the Eighth Amendment’s prohibition on cruel and unusual punishments 7 necessarily excludes from constitutional recognition de minimis uses of physical force. 34 I find that Dryden has stated a colorable excessive-force claim against Neilson. Dryden 8 9 alleges that he told the officers that the other inmates were threatening to kill him, but Neilson 10 misinterpreted that as a threat against the officers. Neilson responded by slamming Dryden into 11 a wall, a door frame, plexiglass, and a concrete bench. He split Dryden’s eyebrow, threatened to 12 murder him, skinned his knees, and told him not to file a grievance “or else.” So, this excessive13 force claim may proceed against Neilson. 14 4. 15 Prisoners have a First Amendment right to file prison grievances and to pursue civil- Retaliation (counts IV, V, and VI) 16 rights litigation in the courts. 35 “Without those bedrock constitutional guarantees, inmates would 17 be left with no viable mechanism to remedy prison injustices. And because purely retaliatory 18 actions taken against a prisoner for having exercised those rights necessarily undermine those 19 protections, such actions violate the Constitution quite apart from any underlying misconduct 20 they are designed to shield.” 36 To state a viable First Amendment retaliation claim in the prison context, a plaintiff must 21 22 allege: “(1) [a]n assertion that state actor took some adverse action against an inmate (2) because 23 32 Hudson v. McMillian, 503 U.S. 1, 6–7 (1992) (citing Whitley v. Albers, 475 U.S. 312, 320–21 (1986)). 24 33 Hudson, 503 U.S. at 7. 25 26 27 28 34 Id. at 9–10. 35 Rhodes v. Robinson, 408 F.3d 559, 567 (9th Cir. 2004). 36 Id. 7 1 of (3) that prisoner’s protected conduct, and that such action (4) chilled the inmate’s exercise of 2 his First Amendment rights, and (5) the action did not reasonably advance a legitimate 3 correctional goal.” 37 I find that Dryden has failed to state a colorable retaliation claim against any defendant. 4 5 Dryden alleges that Neilson beat him up and then threatened him not to file a grievance “or else.” 6 But Dryden does not allege that Neilson attacked him because of his protected activity. Dryden 7 had not yet filed a grievance and has not alleged that he indicated to Neilson (or any other 8 defendant) that he was going to file a grievance. 38 So, based on the allegations, Neilson tried to 9 prevent Dryden from engaging in protected conduct (filing grievances about the attack), but he 10 did not retaliate against Dryden for engaging in protected conduct. 39 This claim is therefore 11 dismissed without prejudice. 12 5. 13 There is no respondeat superior liability under § 1983.40 “A defendant may be held liable Respondeat superior (count IX) 14 as a supervisor under § 1983 if there exists either (1) his or her personal involvement in the 15 constitutional deprivation, or (2) a sufficient causal connection between the supervisor’s 16 wrongful conduct and the constitutional violation.” 41 Dryden fails to state a colorable supervisory-liability claim. The supervisory defendants 17 18 cannot be held liable under § 1983 simply because they supervise Neilson. They can only be 19 20 37 Id. at 567–68. 38 Garcia 4385410, at Cal. Sept. 3, 2014) (“More recently, 21 in See context v. Strayhorn, 2014 WLactions under*6 (S.D. 1983, a number of courts have the of prisoner civil rights Section essentially constitute a grievance, or 22 concluded that verbal statements made by an inmate thatare protected by the First Amendment. that indicate an intent to file a formal written grievance, 23 [Citing six district court cases for support].”). 39 Dryden therefore 24 potential exhaustionbrought hisI excessive-force claim without filing a grievance. This raises a issue, but defer any consideration of that issue until after the complaint has been served and the parties have had an opportunity to file and respond to motions to dismiss. 25 40 See Taylor v. List, 880 F.2d 1040, “[a] supervisor is only 26 liable for constitutional violations of 1045 (9th Cir. 1989) (holding thatparticipated in or directed his subordinates if the supervisor 27 the violations, or knew of the violations and failed to act to prevent them.”). 41 Starr v. Baca, 652 F.3d 1202, 1207 (9th Cir. 2011). 28 8 1 held liable if they personally participated in the attack, directed the attack, or knew that the attack 2 was going to occur and did nothing to stop it. Nothing in Dryden’s allegations suggests that any 3 of these scenarios would be true for any of the supervisory defendants. So, all claims against 4 defendants Stroud, Neven, Cox, and McDaniels are dismissed. 5 D. Motion to extend prison copy-work limit 6 Dryden has also filed a motion to extend his copy-work limit. 42 An inmate has no 7 constitutional right to free photocopying. 43 NDOC administrative regulation 722.01(7)(D) 8 provides that inmates “can only accrue a maximum of $100 debt for copy work expenses for all 9 cases, not per case.” Courts in this district have ordered the prison to provide additional limited 10 photocopying when it is necessary for an inmate to provide copies to the court and other 11 parties. 44 Because Dryden will have to serve the defendants with copies of his filings, I grant his 12 motion and order that his copy-work limit be extended by $5.00. 13 Conclusion 14 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Dryden’s motion for leave to file an 15 amended complaint [ECF No. 29] is GRANTED. The Clerk of Court is directed to DETACH 16 and FILE the fourth-amended complaint [ECF No. 29-1], SEND Dryden a courtesy copy of it, 17 and ELECTRONICALLY serve a copy of it and this order on the Office of the Attorney 18 General of the State of Nevada, by adding the Attorney General of the State of Nevada to the 19 docket sheet. This does not indicate acceptance of service. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that: (ECF No. 29-1) is the operative complaint in this The fourth-amended complaint 20 21 case; 22 Dryden’s failure-to-protect claim (counts I, II, and III) may PROCEED against 23 Defendant Osborn; 24 25 42 ECF No. 28. 26 43 Johnson v. Moore, 948 F.2d 517, 521 (9th Cir. 1991). 27 44 See Allen v. Clark Cnty. Det. Ctr., 2011 WL 886343, at *2 (D. Nev. Mar. 11, 2011) (Foley, M.J.). 28 9 1 Dryden’s excessive-force claim may PROCEED against Defendant Neilson; 2 Dryden’s retaliation claim is DISMISSED; and 3 Dryden’s respondeat superior claim is DISMISSED. 4 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that Dryden’s motion to extend his copy-work limit [ECF 5 No. 28] is GRANTED. The Nevada Department of Corrections is ordered to EXTEND 6 Dryden’s copy-work limit by $5.00. 7 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, given the nature of the claims that may proceed, this 8 action is STAYED until August 21, 2018, to allow the parties an opportunity to settle their 9 dispute before the $350 filing fee is paid, an answer is filed, or the discovery process begins. 10 During this 90-day stay, no other pleadings or papers may be filed in this case, and the parties 11 may not engage in any discovery. The court will refer this case to the Inmate Early 12 Mediation Program, and the court will enter a subsequent order. On or before August 21, 13 2018, the Office of the Attorney General must file the report form attached to this order 14 regarding the results of the 90-day stay, even if a stipulation for dismissal is entered prior to the 15 end of the 90-day stay. If the parties proceed with this action, the court will then issue an order 16 setting a date for defendants to file an answer or other response. Following the filing of an 17 answer, the court will issue a scheduling order setting discovery and dispositive-motion 18 deadlines. 19 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that “settlement” may or may not include payment of 20 money damages. It also may or may not include an agreement to resolve Dryden’s issues 21 differently. A compromise agreement is one in which neither party is completely satisfied with 22 the result, but both have given something up and both have obtained something in return. 23 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, if the case does not settle, Dryden will be required to 24 pay the full $350.00 filing fee. This fee cannot be waived. If Dryden is allowed to proceed in 25 forma pauperis, the fee will be paid in installments from his prison trust account under 28 U.S.C. 26 § 1915(b). If Dryden is not allowed to proceed in forma pauperis, the $350.00 will be due 27 immediately. 28 10 1 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that, if any party seeks to have this case excluded from the 2 inmate mediation program, that party must file a “motion to exclude case from mediation” on or 3 before June 11, 2018. The responding party will have 7 days from service of that motion to file a 4 response. No reply may be filed. After that, the Court will issue an order, set the matter for 5 hearing, or both. 6 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Attorney General’s Office must advise the 7 Court by June 11, 2018, whether it will enter a limited notice of appearance on behalf of 8 defendants for the purpose of settlement. No defenses or objections, including lack of service, 9 will be waived as a result of the filing of the limited notice of appearance. 10 Dated: May 17, 2018 _______________________________ U.S. District Judge Jennifer A. Dorsey 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 11 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 3 4 Bryan Dryden, 5 Plaintiff 6 Case No.: 2:16-cv-01227-JAD-GWF v. State of Nevada, et al., 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Attorney General’s Report of Results of 90-Day Stay Defendants NOTE: This form must be filed only by the Office of the Attorney General. The inmate plaintiff MUST NOT file this form. On ________________ [the date of the screening order], the Court issued its screening order stating that it had conducted its screening pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915A, and that certain specified claims in this case would proceed. The Court ordered the Office of the Attorney General of the State of Nevada to file a report 90 days after the date of the entry of the Court’s screening order to indicate the status of the case at the end of the 90-day stay. By filing this form, the Office of the Attorney General hereby complies with that order. REPORT FORM 17 18 [Identify which of the following two situations (identified in bold type) describes the case, and follow the instructions corresponding to the proper statement.] 19 Situation One: Mediated Case: The case was assigned to mediation by a court-appointed 20 mediator during the 90-day stay. [If this statement is accurate, check ONE of the six statements below and fill in any additional information as required, then proceed to the signature 21 block.] 22 ____ A mediation session with a court-appointed mediator was held on _______________ [enter date], and as of this date, the parties have reached a settlement (even if paperwork to memorialize the settlement remains to be completed). (If this box is checked, the parties are on notice that they must SEPARATELY file either a contemporaneous stipulation of dismissal or a motion requesting that the Court continue the stay in the case until a specified date upon which they will file a stipulation of dismissal.) ____ A mediation session with a court-appointed mediator was held on ________________ [enter date], and as of this date, the parties have not reached a settlement. The Office of the Attorney General therefore informs the Court of its intent to proceed with this action. 23 24 25 26 27 28 1 1 ____ No mediation session with a court-appointed mediator was held during the 90-day stay, but the parties have nevertheless settled the case. (If this box is checked, the parties are on notice that they must SEPARATELY file a contemporaneous stipulation of dismissal or a motion requesting that the Court continue the stay in this case until a specified date upon which they will file a stipulation of dismissal.) ____ No mediation session with a court-appointed mediator was held during the 90-day stay, but one is currently scheduled for ________________ [enter date]. ____ No mediation session with a court-appointed mediator was held during the 90-day stay, and as of this date, no date certain has been scheduled for such a session. ____ None of the above five statements describes the status of this case. Contemporaneously with the filing of this report, the Office of the Attorney General of the State of Nevada is filing a separate document detailing the status of this case. 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ***** Situation Two: Informal Settlement Discussions Case: The case was NOT assigned to 11 mediation with a court-appointed mediator during the 90-day stay; rather, the parties were encouraged to engage in informal settlement negotiations. [If this statement is accurate, check 12 ONE of the four statements below and fill in any additional information as required, then proceed to the signature block.] 13 ____ The parties engaged in settlement discussions and as of this date, the parties have 14 reached a settlement (even if the paperwork to memorialize the settlement remains to be completed). (If this box is checked, the parties are on notice that they must 15 SEPARATELY file either a contemporaneous stipulation of dismissal or a motion requesting that the Court continue the stay in this case until a specified date upon 16 which they will file a stipulation of dismissal.) 17 ____ The parties engaged in settlement discussions and as of this date, the parties have not reached a settlement. The Office of the Attorney General therefore informs the Court of its intent to proceed with this action. ____ The parties have not engaged in settlement discussions and as of this date, the parties have not reached a settlement. The Office of the Attorney General therefore informs the Court of its intent to proceed with this action. ____ None of the above three statements fully describes the status of this case. Contemporaneously with the filing of this report, the Office of the Attorney General of the State of Nevada is filing a separate document detailing the status of this case. 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Submitted this _______ day of __________________, ______ by: Signature: __________________________ Name: __________________________ Phone #: __________________________ Email: __________________________ 2