Security Alarm Financing Enterprises, L.P. v. Nebel et al, No. 2:2016cv00592 - Document 128 (D. Nev. 2018)

Court Description: ORDER denying as moot 100 Report and Recommendation; ORDER granting 127 Motion for Attorney Fees; Signed by Judge James C. Mahan on 1/19/2018. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - JM)
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Security Alarm Financing Enterprises, L.P. v. Nebel et al Doc. 128 1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 *** 7 8 SECURITY ALARM FINANCING ENTERPRISES, L.P. d/b/a SAFEGUARD SECURITY, 9 ORDER Plaintiff(s), 10 11 Case No. 2:16-CV-592 JCM (VCF) v. MIKAYLA NEBEL, et al., 12 Defendant(s). 13 14 Presently before the court is Magistrate Judge Ferenbach’s report and recommendation. 15 (ECF No. 100). No objections have been filed, and the deadline for filing objections has since 16 passed. 17 Also before the court is plaintiff Security Alarm Financing Enterprises, L.P.’s motion for 18 attorney’s fees. (ECF No. 127). Defendant Russel Niggemyer has not filed a response, and the 19 time for doing so has since passed. 20 I. Background 21 This case, a trademark infringement action, was originally filed in the Northern District of 22 California. Initially, the complaint named two defendants, Russel Niggemyer and Mikayla Nebel. 23 Defendant Nebel has since been dismissed from the action.1 24 Defendant Niggemyer was served with a summons on September 23, 2015. (ECF No. 7). 25 Defendant filed a motion to dismiss for lack of personal jurisdiction with the United States District 26 Court, Northern District of California on November 9, 2015. (ECF No. 23). The court granted 27 28 1 On April 6, 2017, the court granted a stipulation of dismissal with prejudice as to defendant/counterclaimant Mikayla Nebel. (ECF No. 121). James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge 1 the motion, finding that defendants “did not expressly aim” any alleged copyright infringement at 2 California. (ECF No. 52 at 12). The court transferred the action to the United States District 3 Court, District of Nevada on March 14, 2016, because both defendants were citizens of Nevada. 4 Id. at 13. 5 Defendant continued to communicate with plaintiff but failed to appear or otherwise 6 respond to the complaint after the case was transferred. (ECF No. 101). Due to the defendant’s 7 inaction, plaintiff filed a motion for entry of clerk’s default (ECF No. 88), and the clerk entered 8 default against defendant on September 26, 2016, (ECF No. 91). On November 10, 2016, plaintiff 9 filed a motion for default judgment against defendant (ECF No. 101), which this court granted on 10 11 May 30, 2017, (ECF No. 122). II. Legal Standard 12 a. Report and recommendation 13 This court “may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or 14 recommendations made by the magistrate.” 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). Where a party timely objects 15 to a magistrate judge’s report and recommendation, then the court is required to “make a de novo 16 determination of those portions of the [report and recommendation] to which objection is made.” 17 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1). 18 Where a party fails to object, however, the court is not required to conduct “any review at 19 all . . . of any issue that is not the subject of an objection.” Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 149 20 (1985). Indeed, the Ninth Circuit has recognized that a district court is not required to review a 21 magistrate judge’s report and recommendation where no objections have been filed. See United 22 States v. Reyna-Tapia, 328 F.3d 1114 (9th Cir. 2003) (disregarding the standard of review 23 employed by the district court when reviewing a report and recommendation to which no 24 objections were made). 25 b. Motion for attorney’s fees 26 Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 54(d)(2) allows a party to file a motion for attorney’s fees 27 if it: (1) is filed within 14 days after judgment is entered; (2) identifies the legal basis for the award; 28 and (3) indicates the amount requested or an estimate thereof. Moreover, “[a] federal court sitting James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -2- 1 in diversity applies the law of the forum state regarding an award of attorneys’ fees.” Kona 2 Enterprises, Inc. v. Estate of Bishop, 229 F.3d 877, 883 (9th Cir. 2000). A Nevada trial court “may 3 not award attorney fees absent authority under a statute, rule, or contract.” Albios v. Horizon 4 Communities, Inc., 132 P.3d 1022, 1028 (Nev. 2006). In Brunzell, the Nevada Supreme Court articulated four factors for a court to apply when 5 6 assessing requests for attorney’s fees: 7 10 (1) the qualities of the advocate: his ability, his training, education, experience, professional standing and skill; (2) the character of the work to be done: its difficulty, its intricacy, its importance, time and skill required, the responsibility imposed and the prominence and character of the parties where they affect the importance of the litigation; (3) the work actually performed by the lawyer: the skill, time and attention given to the work; (4) the result: whether the attorney was successful and what benefits were derived. 11 455 P.2d at 33. The trial court may exercise its discretion when determining the value of 12 legal services in a case. Id. at 33–34. 8 9 13 Additionally, a trial court applying Nevada law must utilize Bruzell to assess the merits of 14 a request for attorney’s fees, yet that court is not required to make findings on each factor. Logan 15 v. Abe, 350 P.3d 1139, 1143 (Nev. 2015). “Instead, the district court need only demonstrate that 16 it considered the required factors, and the award must be supported by substantial evidence.” Id. 17 (citing Uniroyal Goodrich Tire Co. v. Mercer, 890 P.2d 785, 789 (Nev. 1995), superseded by 18 statute on other grounds as discussed in RTTC Commc’ns, LLC v. Saratoga Flier, Inc., 110 P.3d 19 24, 29 n.20 (Nev. 2005)). 20 III. Discussion 21 a. Report and recommendation 22 No party has objected to the report and recommendation. Further, as the court noted in its 23 order dated May 30, 2017, the pending report and recommendation is moot due to the dismissal of 24 defendant Nebel from the case. (ECF No. 122). Therefore, the court will reject the report and 25 recommendation as moot. 26 ... 27 ... 28 ... James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -3- 1 b. Motion for attorney’s fees Eligibility for attorney’s fees 2 i. 3 15 U.S.C. § 1117(a)(3), a section of the Lanham Act, authorizes courts to award attorney’s 4 fees in exceptional cases. The statute does not define the term exceptional, but the Ninth Circuit 5 has clarified that when acts of infringement are malicious, fraudulent, deliberate, or willful, an 6 award of attorney’s fees is appropriate in a Lanham Act case. Rio Props. Inc. v. Rio Int’l Interlink, 7 284 F.3d 1007, 1023 (9th Cir. 2002); Playboy Enters., Inc. v. Baccarat Clothing Co., 692 F.2d 8 1272, 1276 (9th Cir. 1982). Subsequent cases citing Rio Properties have held that when a 9 complaint pleads willful infringement and district court enters default judgment, the court must 10 find that the infringement was willful when evaluating motions for attorney’s fees. See Derek 11 Andrew, Inc. v. Poof Apparel Corp., 528 F.3d 696, 702 (9th Cir. 2008); Teller v. Dogge, no. 2-12- 12 cv-00591-JCM-GWF, 2014 WL 4929413, at *6 (D. Nev. Sept. 30, 2014). 13 Here, the complaint alleges that defendant knowingly, intentionally, willfully and 14 maliciously disregarded plaintiff’s intellectual property rights. (ECF No. 1). Acting as an agent 15 for defendant Nebel and in his own personal capacity, defendant Niggemyer ignored cease-and- 16 desist letters and intentionally violated plaintiff’s trademark rights. Id. As the court has granted 17 default judgment in this case, the court must accept the noted factual allegations as true. See Teller, 18 2014 WL 4929413, at *6. Plaintiff is entitled to a judgment of attorney’s fees in this case. See 19 Rio Props., 284 F.3d at 1023; see also Poof Apparel, 528 F.3d at 702. 20 ii. 21 Plaintiff requests the court award plaintiff $49,073.60 in attorney’s fees. (ECF No. 127). 22 In support of plaintiff’s motion, it attached a declaration of counsel Steven A. Caloiaro, as well as 23 an exhibit detailing a summary of the work performed. (ECF Nos. 127-1 and 127-2). The 24 summary exhibit contains an itemized breakdown of fees incurred in maintaining the instant 25 action. (ECF No. 127-2). The itemization of fees demonstrates that counsel efficiently performed 26 tasks related to the litigation and assigned work in a cost-effective manner, as plaintiff’s motion 27 suggests. See id.; see also (ECF No. 127) (stating that plaintiff’s counsel assigned tasks to 28 associates with lower billing rates when appropriate). James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge Evaluating the requested award -4- 1 Plaintiff’s motion also addresses each of the factors under Local Rule 54-12 that a court 2 must consider when ruling on a motion for attorney’s fees. The court will review each factor in 3 turn.2 4 i. The results obtained 5 Plaintiff’s counsel successfully resolved plaintiff’s claims against defendant Nebel. (ECF 6 No. 127). Plaintiff also obtained a monetary judgment of $30,000.003 and a permanent injunction 7 against defendant Niggemyer. Id. 8 ii. The time and labor required 9 In order to successfully advance plaintiff’s claims, counsel filed and responded to 10 numerous motions, including motions to dismiss, motions for entry of default, a motion for default 11 judgment, and the instant motion for attorney’s fees. (ECF No. 127). Plaintiff also participated in 12 several rounds of settlement negotiations and drafted multiple proposed settlement documents. Id. 13 iii. The novelty and difficulty of questions involved 14 Plaintiff’s motion contends that trademark law is a specialized area of law. (ECF No. 127). 15 The primary claims asserted in this case were Lanham Act trademark infringement and false 16 endorsement as well as intentional misrepresentation. Id. Plaintiff represents that this case 17 represented a moderate level of difficulty. Id. 18 iv. 19 Plaintiff contends that a high degree of skill was required to properly litigate this case, as 20 trademark law is a specialized field that requires considerable knowledge and experience. (ECF 21 No. 127). 22 v. 23 Plaintiff represents that, while this case did involve active participation, plaintiff’s counsel 24 The skill required to properly perform the legal service The preclusion of other employment by the attorney due to acceptance of this case was generally not precluded from accepting other work. (ECF No. 127). 25 26 The court’s discussion groups factors six and seven (the customary fee and whether it was fixed or contingent), as discussion of these factors overlaps. 2 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge 3 Statutory damages in this case could have been as high as $200,000. (ECF No. 127). However, plaintiff sought damages of $30,000 as well as a permanent injunction. Id. -5- 1 vi. 2 Plaintiff states that its counsel charged a customary hourly rate for this assignment, which 3 The customary fee and whether it was fixed or contingent was not contingent upon any particular outcome. (ECF No. 127). 4 vii. 5 The motion does not discuss any time limitations placed on counsel by plaintiff or by the 6 Any time limitations imposed by the client or circumstances nature of the case. (ECF No. 127). 7 viii. 8 Plaintiff’s motion details the extensive experience its counsel brought to this case, 4 which 9 includes many years of litigation and trademark-related experience as well as multiple notable 10 The experience, reputation, and ability of the attorneys favorable judgments these litigators won for their clients. (ECF No. 127). 11 ix. The undesirability of the case 12 Plaintiff’s motion mentions threats defendant made to plaintiff, to plaintiff’s former 13 counsel, and to material witnesses. (ECF No. 127). Plaintiff asserts these threats made this case 14 more undesirable than similar trademark cases. Id. 15 x. The nature and length of the professional relationship with the client 16 Plaintiff’s original counsel, Grennan, Peffer, Sallander, & Lally LLP, “has represented the 17 Plaintiff for a number of years.” (ECF No. 127). Plaintiff’s current counsel, Mr. Caloiaro, has 18 worked with plaintiff for approximately one year. Id. 19 xi. Awards in similar cases 20 Plaintiff cites three awards granted in similar cases to support its motion. (ECF No. 127). 21 In Teller v. Dogge, no. 2-12-cv-00591-JCM-GWF, 2014 WL 4929413, at *7-8 (D. Nev. 22 Sept. 30, 2014), the court awarded attorney’s fees in the amount of $500,000.00. The case lasted 23 two and a half years, contained rounds of discovery, and ended in default. Id. at *1. 24 In Nevada Property 1, LLC v., no 2-12-cv-00866-JCM- 25 NJK, 2013 WL 167755, at *6 (D. Nev. Jan. 15, 2013), the court awarded attorney’s fees in the 26 4 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge Initially, Robert L. Sallander, Jr. and Kyle G. Kunst of Greenan, Peffer, Sallander, & Lally LLP represented plaintiff. When the case was transferred to the district of Nevada, Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck was hired as local counsel, and eventually assumed the substantive work on the case. Michael D. Rounds and Steven A. Caloiaro represented plaintiff through Brownstein Hyatt Farber Schreck. (ECF No. 127). -6- 1 amount of $14,776.20. The case lasted eight months and did not have early motions to dismiss. 2 Id. at *1. 3 In Mayweather v. Wine Bistro, no. 2:13-cv-00210-JAD-VCF, 2014 WL 6882300, at *10 4 (D. Nev. Dec. 4, 2014), the court awarded attorney’s fees of $17,408.48. Counsel in that case did 5 not have to file or respond to early motions to dismiss, and the court found rates between $295 and 6 $675 to be reasonable for trademark litigation in Las Vegas, Nevada. Id. at *2. 7 xii. 8 Plaintiff’s motion demonstrates that its request for attorney’s fees is reasonable in light of 9 the demands of the instant litigation and counsel’s favorable results obtained for the client. The 10 11 Summary court will grant plaintiff’s motion, and award attorney’s fees in the amount of $49,073.60. IV. Conclusion 12 Accordingly, 13 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, AND DECREED that Magistrate Judge 14 Ferenbach’s report and recommendation (ECF No. 100) be, and the same hereby is, DENIED as 15 moot. 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for attorney’s fees (ECF No. 127) be, and the same hereby is, GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff shall prepare an appropriate judgment and submit it to the court forthwith for signature. DATED January 19, 2018. __________________________________________ UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 23 24 25 26 27 28 James C. Mahan U.S. District Judge -7-