Morrison v. Quest Diagnostics Incorporated et al, No. 2:2014cv01207 - Document 101 (D. Nev. 2016)

Court Description: ORDER Granting in Part and Denying in Part Defendants' 96 Motion to Compel. Plaintiff shall have until 02/10/2016 to serve her supplemental discovery responses as ordered. Defendants' request to compel further answers to interrogatories and requests for production other than as compelled in this order is DENIED. Signed by Magistrate Judge Peggy A. Leen on 01/27/2016. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - NEV)
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Morrison v. Quest Diagnostics Incorporated et al Doc. 101 1 2 3 4 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 5 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 6 *** 7 PATRICIA HARDING MORRISON, 8 Plaintiff, ORDER v. 9 10 Case No. 2:14-cv-01207-RFB-PAL (Mot Compel Disc Responses – Dkt. #96) QUEST DIAGNOSTICS INC., et al., Defendants. 11 12 This matter is before the Court on Defendant Quest Diagnostics Incorporated’s Motion to 13 Compel Discovery Responses and Declaration of D. Faye Caldwell (Dkt. #96), filed December 14 14, 2015. The court has considered the Motion, Morrison’s Response (Dkt. #97), and Quest’s 15 Reply (Dkt. #98). 16 17 18 BACKGROUND I. The Amended Complaint. The Complaint (Dkt. #1) in this case was filed July 24, 2014. An Amended Complaint 19 (Dkt. #79) was filed October 16, 2015. 20 negligence; (2) defamation; (3) libel; (4) slander; (5) fraud; (6) negligent misrepresentation; (7) 21 intentional infliction of emotional distress; and (8) intentional interference with a contract. 22 Plaintiff Patricia Harding Morrison (“Morrison”) filed suit individually and in her capacity as the 23 Executor/Administrator of the Estate of Tommy David Morrison, deceased. 24 complaint names Quest Diagnostics, a Nevada corporation, John Hiatt, an individual and resident 25 of the State of Nevada employed by Quest, Dr. Margaret Goodman, the Nevada State Athletic 26 Commission (“NSAC”), and Marc Ratner, an individual and resident of the State of Nevada 27 working for NSAC. Complaint ¶¶2-5. The amended complaint asserts claims for: (1) The amended 28 1 1 Plaintiff is the widow of Tommy “The Duke” David Morrison, a former two-time 2 heavyweight boxing champion of the world Id. ¶11. The amended complaint alleges that on 3 February 10, 1996, hours before a scheduled fight between Tommy Morrison and Arthur 4 “Stormy” Weathers in Las Vegas, Nevada, Tommy was diagnosed and persuaded by the 5 Defendants that his blood was “harboring the HIV virus.” Id. ¶12. Tommy Morrison was 6 advised that he was contagious and that his blood was infected with the HIV virus as a direct 7 result of a clinical laboratory report issued by Quest and Hiatt for the NSAC prior to the fight. 8 Id. Tommy Morrison was orally advised of the diagnosis February 10, 1996. Id. ¶13. The 9 diagnosis caused the cancellation of the first fight of multiple fights scheduled to take place 10 under a multi-million dollar fight contract Tommy Morrison signed with Don King. Id. The 11 diagnosis ultimately led to an indefinite worldwide suspension of Tommy Morrison as a licensed 12 boxer in the WBO. Id. 13 The false diagnosis of HIV led to a downward spiral of Tommy’s life and eventually 14 what was likely his early death. Id. 15 criminalized, ridiculed, and was banished from a career in the sport he loved and helped to make 16 popular worldwide. Id. Tommy Morrison died September 1, 2013, after suffering from septic 17 shock over 21 months resulting from a hospital acquired blood infection, after surgeons 18 accidentally left 12 feet of infected surgical gauze in Tommy Morrison’s chest following a 19 surgery for an insect bite. 20 completely unrelated to any diagnosis of HIV virus or AIDS. Id. ¶16. Blood draws before and 21 after Tommy Morrison’s death established that he did not have the HIV/AIDS virus, and no viral 22 particles resembling HIV, or “budding retroviruses” were found. Id. ¶¶17, 18. Id. ¶15. Tommy Morrison became universally criticized, Plaintiff claims that Tommy Morrison’s death was 23 After Tommy Morrison died, Plaintiff began her own inquiry into the facts and 24 circumstances surrounding Tommy Morrison’s diagnosis in 1996. Id. ¶19. On December 21, 25 2013, Plaintiff received an email from the attending physician for the scheduled 1996 Las Vegas 26 fight. Id. ¶20. The email confirmed that the attending physician had never diagnosed Tommy 27 Morrison as having the HIV virus, or being infected with HIV. Id. The email caused Plaintiff to 28 launch an investigation into what really happened and why on February 10, 1996. Id. 2 1 Since Plaintiff began investigating the truth behind what happened that night, she has 2 been met with silence, countless road blocks, refusals by various parties to answer simple 3 questions such as “who and with what diagnosed Tommy Morrison with the virus/HIV on 4 February 10, 1996?” Defendants have filed motions for extension and for dismissal in an 5 attempt to silence the Plaintiff and halt her efforts to discover the truth, and to avoid giving 6 Plaintiff definitive answers to very simple questions Id. ¶21. 7 II. The Parties’ Positions. 8 A. The Motion to Compel. 9 In the current motion, Defendant Quest seeks to compel Morrison to respond to Requests 10 for Production of Documents served November 13, 2015. Specifically, Quest seeks to compel 11 responses to Request for Production Nos. 3, 4, 5, 30, 34, 38, 40 and 52, and Interrogatory Nos. 1 12 through 4, which request information and documents relating to Tommy Morrison’s medical 13 condition, treatment, care and treating and medical records from 1996 through 2013. Quest also 14 seeks an order compelling Morrison to respond to Request for Production Nos. 24 through 29, 15 31, 32 and 50, and Interrogatory Nos. 5 and 8, which seek information and documents relating to 16 damages in this matter, and Morrison’s damages calculations. Quest also seeks to compel 17 Morrison to respond to Request for Production Nos. 1, 2, 16, 17, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 33 and 51, 18 which seek documents and information, including written communications, related to the 19 knowledge of and statements made by both Morrison and Tommy Morrison. The court should 20 also compel Morrison to respond to Request for Production Nos. 5 through 15, 18, 21, and 22 21 which seek documents and written communications to, from, or between Morrison and Tommy 22 Morrison and various persons and entities including each of the Defendants in this case. Finally, 23 the court should compel Morrison to respond to Quest’s Request for Production Nos. 35, 36, 37, 24 42, 43 and 44 in Interrogatory Nos. 6 and 7 which seek information and documents related to 25 legal proceedings and criminal convictions involving Morrison and Tommy Morrison. 26 B. Plaintiff’s Response. 27 Morrison opposes the motion arguing counsel for Quest did not attempt to resolve this 28 matter in good faith, but was intent on filing a motion to compel. Morrison also argues that the 3 1 resources of the State of Nevada and this court should not be wasted on resolving these discovery 2 disputes. Morrison contends that the claims she has raised in this case are the direct result of 3 events that took place in Las Vegas, Nevada, and that “the discovery process of this case at hand 4 does not support the sweeping and contentious discovery Defendant Quest seeks to control and 5 to intimidate this Court of Las Vegas, Nevada.” 6 Morrison repeats her complaint allegations that on February 10, 1996, hours before a 7 scheduled fight between Tommy Morrison and Arthur “Stormy” Weathers in Las Vegas, 8 Nevada, Tommy Morrison was advised “to accept A QUEST DOCUMENT/laboratory printout, 9 as a ‘diagnosis’ that his blood was ‘harboring the HIV virus’.” Tommy Morrison was advised 10 that he was contagious in and out of the ring based on a Quest laboratory document. The Quest 11 laboratory document was the immediate cause of: (1) the cancellation of the fight that night; (2) 12 the cancellation of a multi-million dollar fight contract; (3) an indefinite worldwide suspension; 13 (4) the stripping of Morrison’s boxing license; (5) the overruling of a licensed physician’s 14 clinical examination of Tommy Morrison who found him physically and mentally fit to fight; (6) 15 the Nevada State Athletic Commission overruling the medical clearance of the physician; (7) the 16 negligence and inability of the Nevada State Athletic Commission to interpret the Quest 17 document; (8) the negligence of Quest, Hiatt, Ratner and the Nevada State Athletic Commission 18 in failing to advise Tommy Morrison of the disclaimers and warnings of the tests used by the 19 Defendant; (9) the negligence of Quest, Hiatt, Ratner and the Nevada State Athletic Commission 20 in failing to advise Tommy Morrison that a clinical laboratory report, will never provide for a 21 negative HIV test or even a positive HIV test; (10) cause Tommy Morrison to become 22 universally criticized, criminalized, and ridiculed; and (11) in 2007 in Las Vegas, Nevada, 23 Goodman, Hiatt and the Nevada State Athletic Commission, Quest and Ratner allowed the Quest 24 document to be publicized again repeating the same allegations that took place on February 10, 25 1996, in Las Vegas, Nevada. 26 The opposition reiterates claims that Defendants’ answers to interrogatories establish that 27 a Quest laboratory printout or report is not an accurate or true diagnosis of any disease. The 28 court should provide Morrison relief by finding that Defendants should never again overrule a 4 1 license physician’s recommendation to allow an applicant to receive a Nevada State Athletic 2 Commission license to participate in his or her sport. The court should require John Hiatt to 3 make a widely-public statement that while he has a Ph.D. as an organic chemist, he is not a 4 licensed medical doctor, licensed to practice medicine, nor a board certified pathologist. The 5 court should also grant Morrison’s relief based on Defendant Ratner’s answers to interrogatories 6 that Defendant shall never again mandate or accept a clinical laboratory report or printout as a 7 diagnosis of any disease to prevent someone from being licensed to box. The court should also 8 grant Plaintiff relief against Defendants requiring them to adhere to the test kit manufacturing 9 company’s disclaimer that the test kit is not utilized to diagnose or determine HIV, and that these 10 disclaimers never again be concealed. 11 Morrison stands on her objections to discovery in dispute in the motion to compel. She 12 believes that counsel for Quest is engaging in an apparent strategy to bring as many disputes as 13 possible before the court rather than trying to resolve the disputes through any discussions. The 14 motion to compel is overbroad on its face and concludes that the motion to compel, “as 15 authorized by defense counsel Faye Caldwell from Houston, Texas does not belong before this 16 court in Las Vegas, Nevada.” 17 C. Defendants’ Reply. 18 Quest’s reply reiterates arguments that the discovery sought is relevant and discoverable 19 within the meaning of Rule 26(b)(1), that Morrison’s general objections are invalid as a matter of 20 law, and that it met its burden of attempting to resolve these disputes without court intervention 21 before filing the motion to compel. DISCUSSION 22 23 I. Applicable Law. 24 A. Meet and Confer Requirements. 25 Pursuant to Local Rule 26-7(b), a discovery motion may only be filed after the moving 26 party has attempted in good faith to resolve any disputes without the Court’s intervention, and 27 the motion must contain a certification of the moving party’s efforts. Id. 28 Local Rule 26-7(b) provides: 5 1 2 Discovery motions will not be considered unless a statement of moving counsel is attached thereto certifying that, after personal consultation and sincere effort to do so, counsel have been unable to resolve the matter without court intervention. 3 A threshold issue in the review of any motion to compel is whether the movant made 4 adequate efforts to resolve the dispute without court intervention. 5 Procedure 37(a)(1) requires that the party bringing a motion to compel discovery must “include a 6 certification that the movant has in good faith conferred or attempted to confer with the person or 7 party failing to make disclosure or discovery in an effort to obtain it without court action.” 8 Similarly, Local Rule 26–7(b) provides that “[d]iscovery motions will not be considered unless a 9 statement of the movant is attached thereto certifying that, after personal consultation and sincere 10 Federal Rule of Civil effort to do so, the parties have not been able to resolve the matter without Court action.” 11 Judges in this district have held that “personal consultation” means the movant must 12 “personally engage in two-way communication with the nonresponding party to meaningfully 13 discuss each contested discovery dispute in a genuine effort to avoid judicial intervention.” 14 ShuffleMaster, Inc. v. Progressive Games, Inc., 170 F.R.D. 166, 171 (D. Nev. 1996). The 15 consultation obligation “promote[s] a frank exchange between counsel to resolve issues by 16 agreement or to at least narrow and focus matters in controversy before judicial resolution is 17 sought.” Nevada Power v. Monsanto, 151 F.R.D. 118, 120 (D. Nev. 1993). To meet this 18 obligation, parties must “treat the informal negotiation process as a substitute for, and not simply 19 a formalistic prerequisite to, judicial resolution of discovery disputes.” Id. This is done when 20 the parties “present to each other the merits of their respective positions with the same candor, 21 specificity, and support during the informal negotiations as during the briefing of discovery 22 motions.” Id. To ensure that parties comply with these requirements, movants must file 23 certifications that “accurately and specifically convey to the court who, where, how, and when 24 the respective parties attempted to personally resolve the discovery dispute.” ShuffleMaster, 170 25 F.R.D. at 170. Courts may look beyond the certification made to determine whether a sufficient 26 meet-and-confer actually took place. 27 2558219, *1 (D. Nev. June 10, 2013) (quoting De Leon v. CIT Small Business Lending Corp., 28 2013 WL 1907786 (D. Nev. May 7, 2013)). See, e.g., F.D.I.C. v. 26 Flamingo, LLC, 2013 WL 6 1 Here, defense counsel claims that Plaintiff requested all communications be in writing 2 and has refused to communicate by telephone. Morrison’s objection does not dispute this. From 3 reviewing the exchange or correspondence, it is clear that Morrison took the position that no 4 additional response was required. She takes the same position in response to the motion to 5 compel. The moving Defendants December 7, 2015 letter described why they believed the 6 discovery requested was relevant and discoverable. However, the letter gave Morrison and 7 unreasonable amount of time to respond and threatened a motion to compel if she did not 8 respond by 5:00pm December 9, 2015. The letter did not comply with the meet and confer 9 standards articulated in ShuffleMaster and Nevada Power. 10 Ordinarily, the court must award sanctions against a party failing to comply with her 11 discovery obligations if a motion to compel is granted or discovery is provided after a motion to 12 compel is filed.. See Fed. R. Civ. P 37(a)(5)(A). There are three exceptions to a mandatory 13 award of costs and attorneys’ fees to the prevailing party. One exception is if the movant fails to 14 comply with its good faith meet and confer obligations. Rule 37(a)(5)(A)(iii). The court will 15 therefore not consider sanctions for Morrison’s failure to provide substantive responses pursuant 16 to Rule 37(a)(5)(A). However, the parties are clearly at loggerheads about whether Defendants 17 are entitled to any of the discovery moving Defendants seek. The court will therefore decide the 18 parties’ disputes on the merits to avoid further motion practice. 19 B. Fed. R. Civ. P. 26. 20 Rule 26 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure permits “discovery regarding any 21 nonprivileged matter that is relevant to any party’s claim or defense.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(b)(1). 22 Discovery is not limited to admissible information. Id. However, “[a]ll discovery is subject to 23 the limitations imposed by Rule 26(b)(2)(C).” Id. 24 In deciding whether to restrict discovery under Rule 26(b)(2)(C), “the court should 25 consider the totality of the circumstances, weighing the value of the materials sought against the 26 burden of providing it, and taking into account society’s interests in furthering the truth-seeking 27 function in the particular case before the court.” Smith v. Steinkamp, 2002 WL 1364161, at *6 28 (S.D. Ind. May 22, 2002) (quoting Patterson v. Avery Dennison Corp., 281 F.3d 676, 681 (7th 7 1 Cir. 2002) (internal quotations omitted)); See also Rowlin v. Alabama Dep’t Pub. Safety, 200 2 F.R.D. 459, 461 (M.D. Ala. 2001) (“courts have a duty to pare down overbroad discovery 3 requests under Rule 26(b)(2)…. The court should consider the totality of the circumstances, 4 weighing the value of the materials sought against the burden of providing it, discounted by 5 society’s interests in furthering the truth seeking function.”) (citing Sanchez v. City of Santa Ana, 6 936 F.2d 1027, 1033-34 (9th Cir. 1990)). 7 Since at late 1970s, the Supreme Court and the Advisory Committee on the Civil Rules 8 have encouraged trial courts to exercise their broad discretion to limit and tailor discovery to 9 avoid abuse and overuse. The trial courts have been urged to actively manage discovery to 10 accomplish the goal of Rule 1 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure—“to secure the just, 11 speedy, and inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding.” 12 In 1983, Rule 26 was amended to add subsection (g), which provides that a lawyer filing 13 a discovery request, response or objection certifies by signing the document that it is “not 14 interposed for any improper purpose, such as to harass, cause unnecessary delay, or needlessly 15 increase the cost of litigation.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26 (g)(1)(B)(ii). A lawyer signing a discovery 16 document also certifies that it is “neither unreasonable nor unduly burdensome or expensive, 17 considering the needs of the case, prior discovery in the case, the amount in controversy, and the 18 importance of the issues at stake in the action.” Fed. R. Civ. P. 26(g)(1(B)(iii). 19 The Advisory Committee Notes for the 1983 amendments to Rule 26 emphasize that the 20 elements of Rule 26(b)(1)(iii) were intended to address the problems of disproportionate 21 discovery. Federal judges were urged to evaluate the nature of the case, the limitations on a 22 financially weak litigant to bear the burden of expensive discovery, and the need to prevent 23 discovery from becoming a “war of attrition or as a device to coerce a party, whether financially 24 weak or affluent.” 97 F.R.D. 165, 218 (1983). Rule 26(g) was added to address the reluctance 25 of judges to impose sanctions on attorneys who abuse the discovery rules. See Brasil, Civil 26 Discovery: Lawyers’ Views of its Effectiveness, Principal Problems and Abuses, American Bar 27 Foundation (1980). As one well-respected treatise observed, “Rule 26(b) was amended in 1983 28 to promote judicial limitation of the amount of discovery on a case-by-case basis to avoid abuse 8 1 or overuse of discovery through the concept of proportionality.” 8 Charles Alan Wright & 2 Arthur R. Miller, Federal Practice & Procedure § 2008.1 (3d ed. 2015). 3 Committee notes reported that “Ruled 26(g) makes explicit the authority judges now have to 4 impose appropriate sanctions and requires them to use it. This authority derives from Rule 37, 5 28 U.S.C. § 1927, and the court’s inherent power.” (citations omitted.) The Advisory 6 By 1997, nearly one-third of the lawyers surveyed by the Federal Judicial Center 7 endorsed narrowing the scope of discovery as a means of reducing litigation expense. See D. 8 Stienstra, Implemental of Disclosure in United States District Courts, with Specific Attention to 9 Courts’ Responses to Selected Amendments to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 26 (Federal 10 Judicial Center, March 30, 1998 at 44). 11 In 1998, the Supreme Court wrote that “Rule 26 vests the trial judge with broad 12 discretion to tailor discovery narrowly and to dictate the sequence of discovery.” Crawford-El v. 13 Britton, 523 U.S. 574, 599 (1998). The Supreme Court recognized that under Rule 26(b)(2), the 14 trial court may, on its own motion, limit the frequency or extent of use of discovery methods if it 15 determines the burden or expense of proposed discovery outweighs its likely benefits. Id. Rule 16 26(c) gives the trial court authority on motion, or on its own initiative, to limit the time, place, 17 and manner of discovery, or bar discovery altogether on certain subjects, as required “to protect a 18 party or person from annoyance, embarrassment, oppression, or undue burden or expense.” Id. 19 Similarly, under Rule 26(d), the court may set the timing and sequence of discovery. Id. The 20 Crawford-El decision emphasized that the trial court has broad discretion under Rule 26 in 21 managing discovery “to facilitate prompt and efficient resolution of the lawsuit.” Id. 22 In 2000, Rule 26 was again amended to call attention to the limitations of Rule 23 26(b)(2)(i), (ii) and (iii). The Advisory Committee Notes indicate that the Advisory Committee 24 was repeatedly told “that courts have not implemented these limitations with the vigor that was 25 contemplated.” 192 F.R.D. 340, 390 (2000). Thus, Rule 26 was amended to add an “otherwise 26 redundant cross-reference . . . to emphasize the need for active judicial use of subdivision (b)(2) 27 to control excessive discovery.” Id. (citing Crawford-El, 523 U.S. at 598). 28 9 1 On December 31, 2015, Chief Justice John Roberts issued his Year-End Report on the 2 Federal Judiciary. He addressed the 2015 amendments to the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure at 3 length. The Chief Justice traced the “elaborate and time-consuming” procedure for promulgating 4 and amending the rules which began in 2010 when the Advisory Committee on the Civil Rules 5 sponsored a symposium on civil litigation attended by federal and state judges, law professors, 6 plaintiff and defense lawyers, and representatives from business, government, and public interest 7 organizations. The symposium identified the need for procedural reforms to: (1) encourage 8 greater cooperation; (2) focus discovery on what is truly needed to resolve cases; (3) engage 9 judges in early and active case management; and (4) address serious problems associated with 10 vast amounts of electronically stored information. 11 The Chief Justice’s year-end report wrote that the changes that went into effect on 12 December 1, 2015, “may not look like a big deal at first glance, but they are.” It was the reason 13 he decided to highlight them in his report. Rule 1 was expanded to add eight words to emphasize 14 “the obligation of judges and lawyers to work cooperatively in controlling the expense and time 15 demands of litigation.” 16 administered, and employed by the court and the parties to secure the just, speedy, and 17 inexpensive determination of every action and proceeding.” (Emphasis in the original report.) 18 Chief Justice Roberts stated that lawyers representing adverse parties “have an affirmative duty 19 to work together, and with the court, to achieve prompt and efficient resolutions of disputes.” Rule 1 now directs that the Federal Rules “should be construed, 20 The 2015 amendments to Rule 26(b)(1) emphasize the need to impose “reasonable limits 21 on discovery through increased reliance on the common-sense concept of proportionality.” The 22 fundamental principle of amended Rule 26(b)(1) is “that lawyers must size and shape their 23 discovery requests to the requisites of a case.” The pretrial process must provide parties with 24 efficient access to what is needed to prove a claim or defense, but eliminate unnecessary or 25 wasteful discovery. 26 regarding the scope of discovery. Chief Justice Roberts observed that the 2015 amendments to 27 the civil rules “are a major stride towards a better federal court system,” but accomplishing the 28 goal of Rule 1 will only occur “if the entire legal community, including the bench, bar, and legal This requires active involvement of federal judges to make decisions 10 1 academy, step up to the challenge of making real change.” He urged judges “to take on a 2 stewardship role, managing their cases from the onset rather than allowing parties alone to 3 dictate the scope of discovery” and to actively engage in early case management to “identify the 4 critical issues, determine the appropriate breadth of discovery, and curtail dilatory tactics, 5 gamesmanship, and procedural posturing.” He urged judges and lawyers to “engineer a change 6 in our legal culture that places a premium on the public’s interest in speedy, fair, and efficient 7 justice.” 8 II. Analysis and Decision. 9 The court is mindful of the need for active judicial management to tailor discovery to the 10 needs of the case to accomplish the goal of Rule 1. Defendants are entitled to discovery from 11 Morrison about her claims and alleged damages. However, the majority of Defendants discovery 12 requests are patently overbroad on their face. The motion to compel is granted in part and denied 13 in part as explained below. 14 In multiple filings with the court, Morrison has attempted to restrict discovery in this case 15 to what she calls “the issues at hand.” She repeatedly claims that the only issue in this case is the 16 question of “who and what negligently diagnosed Tommy with virus/HIV on February 10, 1996 17 in Las Vegas, Nevada.” She asks that the court restrict discovery to what happened in Las 18 Vegas, Nevada that one day. However, her claims are actually much, much broader. Defendants 19 are entitled to discovery to test the claims she raises in her first amended complaint, any 20 information or documents she may use to support her liability claims, and her request for $110 21 million dollars in damages for what occurred from February 10, 1996, until Tommy Morrison’s 22 death in 2013. 23 based on allegations defamatory and libelous statements were repeated. Plaintiff has not 24 provided substantive responses to virtually any of the Defendants’ discovery requests. She has 25 asserted boilerplate objections with limiting disclaimers attempting to limit any substantive 26 response to the date Quest allegedly issued the report which resulted in the cancellation of the 27 fight. 28 Plaintiff has clearly not complied with her discovery obligations in this case. She has also asserted libel and slander claims after Tommy Morrison’s death Her responses contain pages of disclaimers and definitions reframing the requests. 11 1 Plaintiff asks that the court restrict discovery in this case to the Quest laboratory report 2 issued February 10, 1996, which allegedly indicated Tommy Morrison had HIV and/or AIDS 3 which resulted in the cancellation of the fight that night. Morrison’s claims are not limited to a 4 cancelled fight in Las Vegas on February 10, 1996. She alleges that the Quest laboratory report 5 issued February 10, 1996, set in motion a chain of events that ruined Tommy Morrison’s boxing 6 career, caused the cancellation of multiple fights scheduled to take place under a multi-million 7 dollar fight contract signed with Don King, led to his indefinite worldwide suspension as a 8 licensed boxer in the WBO, caused a downward spiral of his life, and eventually caused his early 9 death. 10 Plaintiff has alleged that as a result of this Quest laboratory report, Tommy Morrison 11 because universally criticized, criminalized, ridiculed, and was banished from a career in the 12 sport he loved. Plaintiff claims that Tommy Morrison’s death was completely unrelated to any 13 diagnosis of HIV and/or AIDS, that tests taken before and after his death established that he did 14 not have the HIV/AIDS virus, and that the Quest laboratory report caused more than $110 15 million dollars in damages. Plaintiff has clearly put in issue whether or not Tommy Morrison 16 was ever had or was diagnosed with HIV and/or AIDS, why Tommy Morrison never fought 17 again, and why he died. Whether any physician or health care provider ever cleared Tommy 18 Morrison to fight on or after February 10, 1996 is at issue. Plaintiff has put in issue what 19 damages flow from Defendants’ alleged misconduct and tortious acts. How she arrived at her 20 $110 million dollar damages calculation is at issue. 21 However, the vast majority of the Defendants’ discovery requests are patently overbroad 22 on their face. Defendants’ motion to compel does not provide the court with any information 23 about who the individuals and entities named in the requests are to enable the court to evaluate 24 whether the requests seek relevant and discoverable information. Most of the requests have no 25 temporal limitation at all. Many of the requests are not limited to the subject matter of the 26 Plaintiff’s claims or Defendants’ unarticulated defenses. 27 production are outright offensive in requesting, for example, all HIV test results of Patricia 28 Harding Morrison, and “any documents” related to any criminal offense that Morrison or 12 A number of the requests for 1 Tommy Morrison “was accused or charged”. The court finds moving Defendants did not 2 comply with their certification obligations under Rule 26(g). 3 Still, Defendants are entitled to discovery about information supporting Plaintiff’s claims 4 and any documents supporting her claims. The court will not compel Morrison to execute 5 releases or authorization forms. However, the court will compel Morrison to provide full and 6 complete answers to Interrogatory Nos. 1, 2, 5, and 8. 7 interrogatories are overruled. 8 responses to the remaining interrogatories. Plaintiff’s objections to these The court will deny Defendants’ request to compel further 9 The court will also compel Morrison to supplement her responses, limited to the period 10 from February 10, 1996, to September 1, 2013, to Request for Production Nos. 4, 6, 7, 10, 11, 11 12, 13, 18, 24, 25, 26, and 27. Plaintiff will also be required to produce any medical records or 12 lab reports after Tommy Morrison’s death which she believes support her claims that tests 13 performed after his death confirmed he did not have HIV or AIDS or “budding retroviruses”. 14 She will also be compelled to produce any documents that she believes supports her claims that 15 either she or the estate suffered monetary damages for Defendants conduct after Tommy 16 Morrison’s death. 17 The court will compel Morrison to supplement her response to Request for Production 18 No. 31 to produce any application for disability benefits made by Tommy Morrison to the Social 19 Security Administration from February 10, 1996, to September 1, 2013. Plaintiff shall produce 20 any autopsy or medical examiner’s report in her care, custody and control regarding any findings 21 for the death of Tommy Morrison responsive to Request for Production No. 34, but shall not be 22 required to produce “all documents related to” an autopsy or medical examiner’s findings. 23 Plaintiff is also compelled to produce documents responsive to Request for Production Nos. 49, 24 50 and 53 to the extent that Plaintiff claims the items requested support her complaint 25 allegations. Defendants’ motion to compel the remaining requests are denied. 26 Plaintiff must search for and produce documents in her care, custody and control. If 27 Plaintiff has no documents responsive to one or more of the requests the court has compelled her 28 to supplement, she must simply say so. By signing a response to a discovery request, a “party 13 1 certifies that to the best of the person’s knowledge, information and belief formed after a 2 reasonable inquiry” that the response is complete and correct at the time it is made. Plaintiff 3 must do her best to answer the interrogatories for which the court is compelling her to 4 supplement her answers. If she truly does not know the answer to the question, that is an 5 appropriate response. However, she must disclose what she does know or believes she knows. 6 Plaintiff will be precluded from supporting her claims against the Defendants or submitting 7 evidence supporting her claims or damages with any testimony or documents that she does not 8 disclose in discovery. 9 Plaintiff is also cautioned that failure to comply with the court’s discovery order may 10 result in additional sanctions including case ending sanctions. She must do her best to respond 11 and provide the information requested. Plaintiff is advised that Rule 37(a)(4) expressly provides 12 that “an evasive or incomplete disclosure, answer or response must be treated as a failure to 13 disclose, answer or respond.” Sanctions may include that Plaintiff be prohibited from supporting 14 or opposing claims or defenses and prohibited from introducing designated matters into 15 evidence. The court may also strike her complaint in whole or in part, stay further discovery 16 until the order compelling discovery is obeyed, recommend dismissal of the action or proceeding 17 in whole or in part, or enter default judgment against the disobedient party. The court may also 18 impose contempt and monetary sanctions. 19 For the reasons stated, 20 IT IS ORDERED that: 21 1. Defendants’ Motion to Compel (Dkt. #96) is GRANTED in part and DENIED in 22 23 24 part consistent with this decision and order. 2. Plaintiff shall provide full and complete supplemental answers to Interrogatory Nos. 1, 2, 5, and 8. Plaintiff’s objections and limiting disclaimers are overruled. 25 3. Plaintiff shall supplement and provide full and complete responses to Request for 26 Production Nos. 4, 6, 7, 13, 18, 24, 25, 26, 27, 31, 34, 49, 50 and 53. Plaintiff’s 27 objections and limiting disclaimers are overruled. 28 14 1 2 4. Plaintiff shall have until February 10, 2016, to serve her supplemental discovery responses as ordered. 3 5. Failure to timely comply with this order by providing full and complete supplemental 4 responses to the best of Plaintiff’s ability may result in sanctions up to and including 5 a recommendation of case ending sanctions to the district judge. 6 7 8 6. Defendants’ request to compel further answers to interrogatories and requests for production other than as compelled in this order is DENIED. DATED this 27th day of January, 2016. 9 10 PEGGY A. LEEN PEGGY A. LEEN E Y L E UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 15