Volvo Construction Equipment Rents, Inc. et al v. NRL Texas Rentals, LLC et al, No. 2:2009cv00032 - Document 657 (D. Nev. 2013)

Court Description: ORDER Granting 647 Proposed Order Granting Defendants' Motion for Judgment pursuant to FED. R. CIV. P. 52(c). JUDGMENT IS ENTERED AS FOLLOWS: Based on the foregoing Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, Plaintiff shall take nothing by sui t. JUDGMENT IS FURTHER ENTERED AS FOLLOWS: Defendants may make a motion for attorneys fees, if appropriate, and demand costs as provided for under the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, and any other applicable rule or statute. Signed by Judge James C. Mahan on 02/08/2013. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - AC)
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Volvo Construction Equipment Rents, Inc. et al v. NRL Texas Rentals, LLC et al Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 Doc. 657 Filed 01/04/13 Page 1 of 42 TERRY J. CARE, ESQ. Nevada Bar No. 4560 PATRICK J. MURCH, ESQ. Nevada Bar No. 10162 McDONALD CARANO WILSON LLP 2300 West Sahara Avenue, Suite 1000 Las Vegas, Nevada 89102 Telephone: (702) 873-4100 Facsimile: (702) 873-9966 tcare@mcdonaldcarano.com pmurch@mcdonaldcarano.com Attorneys for NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, Bosworth Defendants, and Marine Quest Defendants 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 11 VOLVO CONSTRUCTION RENTS, INC., EQUIPMENT Case No.: 2:09-cv-00032 12 Plaintiff, 13 vs. 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 NRL TEXAS RENTALS, LLC, NRL SAN ANTONIO RENTALS, LP, NRL HIGH ACCESS, LLC, VEGAS RENTS, LLC, LARRY CHAVEZ, BOSWORTH FARMS, INC., DWIGHT BOSWORTH, MARCEL BOSWORTH, MARINA QUEST, INC., MARINE QUEST-JOE POOL, INC., MARINE QUEST-TEXOMA, LP, MARINE QUEST TEXOMA II, LP, MARINE QUESTCAPTAINS COVE, LP, MARINE QUESTEAGLE MOUNTAIN, LP, MARINE QUESTANDERSON MILL, LP, MARINE QUESTMARSHALL FORD, LP, MARINE QUESTHARBOR ONE, LP, MARINE QUEST-BOZ I, LP, MARINE QUEST-HIDDEN COVE LP, MARINE QUEST-EXECUTIVE, LP, MARINE QUEST-CHANDLER’S LANDING, LP, MARINE QUEST-LAKE COUNTRY, LP, MARINE QUESTINVESTMENTS, LP, TARRANT COUNTY MARINE ENTERPRISES, INC., LAKE COUNTRY MARINA, INC., ELITE MARINE MANAGEMENT, LLC, JEFFERSON BANK, PLAINSCAPITAL BANK, [PROPSED] ORDER GRANTING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR JUDGMENT PURSUANT TO FED. R. CIV. P. 52(c) 27 Defendants. 28 Dockets.Justia.com Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 2 of 42 case-in-chief of plaintiff Volvo Construction Equipment Rents, Inc. (Volvo Rents), defendants 3 Marcel Bosworth (Marcel), Dwight Bosworth (Dwight) (collectively, the Bosworths), Bosworth 4 Farms, Inc. (Bosworth Farms), Bosworth Nevada Investments, LLC (Bosworth Nevada 5 Investments) and Marina Quest, Inc.; Marine Quest-Joe Pool, Inc.; Marine Quest-Texoma, LP; 6 Marine Quest Texoma II, LP; Marine Quest-Captains Cove, LP; Marine Quest-Eagle Mountain, 7 LP; Marine Quest-Anderson Mill, LP; Marine Quest-Marshall Ford, LP; Marine Quest-Harbor 8 One, LP; Marine Quest-Boz I, LP; Marine Quest-Hidden Cove LP; Marine Quest-Executive, LP; 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 This matter was tried to the bench on December 3-6, 2012. Following the close of the 2 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 1 Marine Quest-Chandler’s Landing, LP; Marine Quest-Lake Country, LP; Marine Quest- 10 Investments, LP; Lake Country Marina, Inc.; Elite Marine Management, LLC, and Tarrant 11 County Marina Enterprises, Inc. (collectively, the Marine Quest Defendants and, with the 12 Bosworths, Bosworth Nevada Investments, and Bosworth Farms, Defendants) made an oral 13 motion for judgment pursuant to Rule 52(c) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Defendants 14 were represented at the trial by Terry J. Care, Esq., and Patrick J. Murch, Esq., of the law firm of 15 McDonald Carano Wilson LLP, and Raymund C. King, M.D., Esq., of the Law Offices of 16 Raymund C. King, MD, JD, PLLC. Volvo Rents was represented by James D. Kilroy, Esq., 17 Brian P. Gaffney, Esq., and Paul S. Pryor, Esq., of the law firm of Snell & Wilmer, L.L.P. 18 The Court, having considered the relevant testimonial and documentary evidence, having 19 heard the parties’ respective arguments, and good cause appearing therefore, finds and orders as 20 follows: 21 22 FINDINGS OF FACT I. STIPULATED FINDINGS OF FACT 23 The parties stipulated to the following facts: 24 Venue. 25 1. Venue is proper in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. 26 27 28 Page 2 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 3 of 42 1 Remaining Parties.1 2 2. Volvo Rents is a Delaware corporation. 3 3. Defendant NRL Texas Rentals, LLC (NRL Texas) is a Texas limited liability 4 company. 5 4. 6 Defendant NRL San Antonio Rentals, LP (NRL San Antonio) is a Texas limited partnership. 7 5. Defendant NRL High Access, LLC was a Nevada limited liability company. 8 6. Bosworth Nevada Investments is a Nevada limited liability company with a 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 revoked status. 10 7. Bosworth Farms is a Texas corporation. 11 8. Marina Quest, Inc. is a Texas corporation. 12 9. Marine Quest-Joe Pool, Inc. is a Texas corporation. 13 10. Marine Quest-Texoma, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 14 11. Marine Quest-Texoma II, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 15 12. Marine Quest-Captain’s Cove, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 16 13. Marine Quest-Eagle Mountain, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 17 14. Marine Quest-Anderson Mill, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 18 15. Marine Quest-Marshall Ford, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 19 16. Marine Quest-Harbor One, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 20 17. Marine Quest-Boz I, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 21 18. Marine Quest- Hidden Cove LP is a Texas limited partnership. 22 19. Marine Quest-Executive, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 23 20. Marine Quest-Chandler’s Landing, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 24 21. Marine Quest-Lake Country, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 25 22. Marine Quest-Investments, LP is a Texas limited partnership. 26 27 28 1 Volvo Rents’ claims against PlainsCapital Bank and Jefferson Bank were summarily adjudicated in favor of the banks and against Volvo Rents (## 276 and 407, respectively); its claims against the R. & H.P. Balli Family Trust and Nick Balli were dismissed by stipulation (## 550 and 599, respectively); and default was entered against Larry Chavez (#188). Chavez was not represented by counsel for Defendants. Page 3 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 4 of 42 1 23. Tarrant County Marina Enterprises, Inc. is a Texas corporation. 2 24. Lake Country Marina, Inc. is a Texas corporation. 3 25. Elite Marine Management, LLC is a Texas limited liability company. 4 Additional Relevant Parties. 5 26. 6 Defendant NRL Rentals, LLC (NRL Rentals) is a Nevada limited liability company with a revoked status.2 Roberto Balli (Balli) is a resident of Texas.3 7 27. 8 Ownership of Defendants. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 NRL Rentals. 10 28. NRL Rentals is owned 40% by Balli and 60% by Bosworth Nevada Investments. 11 29. Bosworth Nevada Investments is owned by Dwight (33.33%), Marcel (33.3%), 12 and non-party Mark Thomas (33.3%). 13 NRL San Antonio. 14 15 30. NRL San Antonio is owned by NRL Texas (1%), Dwight (28%), Marcel (28%), Balli (28%), and non-party Marion ‘Butch’ Thomas (15%). 16 31. NRL Texas is owned by Balli (100%). 17 32. NRL Texas is the general partner of NRL San Antonio. 18 33. Dwight, Marcel, Balli, and Butch Thomas are the limited partners of NRL San 19 Antonio. 20 Marine Quest Defendants and Bosworth Farms. 21 22 34. Marina Quest, Inc. is the general partner and owner of a 1% interest in the following entities: Marine Quest-Texoma, LP; Marine Quest Texoma II, LP; Marine Quest- 23 2 26 NRL Rentals filed a voluntary Chapter 11 bankruptcy petition in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada (the Bankruptcy Court) on May 14, 2009. On August 14, 2009, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order converting NRL Rentals’ Chapter 11 reorganization to a Chapter 7 liquidation. On August 4, 2011, the Bankruptcy Court entered its Final Decree Discharge of Trustee and Closing of [NRL Rentals’] Chapter 7 Case. 27 3 24 25 28 On July 12, 2011, Bob Balli and his wife, Hilary Balli, filed a voluntary Chapter 7 bankruptcy petition in the Bankruptcy Court. The Bankruptcy Court entered an order discharging the Ballis’ bankruptcy on October 12, 2011. Page 4 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 5 of 42 1 Captains Cove, LP; Marine Quest-Eagle Mountain, LP; Marine Quest-Anderson Mill, LP; 2 Marine Quest-Marshall Ford, LP; Marine Quest-Harbor One, LP; Marine Quest-Boz I, LP; 3 Marine Quest-Hidden Cove LP; Marine Quest-Executive, LP; Marine Quest-Chandler’s 4 Landing, LP; Marine Quest-Lake Country, LP; and Marine Quest-Investments, LP. 5 35. Dwight is a limited partner and owner of a 49.5% interest in the following LP; Marine Quest-Eagle Mountain, LP; Marine Quest-Anderson Mill, LP; Marine Quest- 8 Marshall Ford, LP; Marine Quest-Harbor One, LP; Marine Quest-Boz I, LP; Marine Quest- 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 entities: Marine Quest-Texoma, LP; Marine Quest Texoma II, LP; Marine Quest-Captains Cove, 7 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 6 Hidden Cove LP; Marine Quest-Executive, LP; Marine Quest-Chandler’s Landing, LP; Marine 10 11 Quest-Lake Country, LP; and Marine Quest-Investments, LP. 36. Marcel is a limited partner and owner of a 49.5% interest in the following entities: 12 Marine Quest-Texoma, LP; Marine Quest Texoma II, LP; Marine Quest-Captains Cove, LP; 13 Marine Quest-Eagle Mountain, LP; Marine Quest-Anderson Mill, LP; Marine Quest-Marshall 14 Ford, LP; Marine Quest-Harbor One, LP; Marine Quest-Boz I, LP; Marine Quest-Hidden Cove 15 LP; Marine Quest-Executive, LP; Marine Quest-Chandler’s Landing, LP; Marine Quest-Lake 16 Country, LP; and Marine Quest-Investments, LP. 17 37. Dwight owns a 50% interest in the following entities: Marina Quest, Inc.; Elite 18 Marina Management, LLC; Lake Country Marina, Inc.; Tarrant County Marina Enterprises, Inc; 19 Marine Quest-Joe Pool, Inc.; and Bosworth Farms. 20 38. Marcel owns a 50% interest in the following entities: Marina Quest, Inc.; Elite 21 Marina Management, LLC; Lake Country Marina, Inc.; Tarrant County Marina Enterprises, Inc.; 22 Marine Quest-Joe Pool, Inc.; and Bosworth Farms. 23 Franchise and Development Agreements. 24 25 Las Vegas. 39. On December 10, 2004, Barry Natwick (Natwick), in his capacity as President of 26 Volvo Rents, and Balli, in his capacity as a member of NRL Rentals, executed and caused Volvo 27 Rents and NRL Rentals to enter into a Franchise Agreement (the Las Vegas Franchise 28 Agreement), pursuant to which, among other things, NRL Rentals was authorized to establish a Page 5 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 6 of 42 1 Volvo Rents construction equipment rental franchise in Las Vegas, Nevada. Trial Exhibit (TE) 2 12. 3 4 Reno. 40. On December, 20, 2005, Volvo Rents and NRL Rentals entered into a separate 5 Franchise Agreement (the Reno Franchise Agreement), pursuant to which, among other things, 6 NRL Rentals was authorized to establish a Volvo Rents franchise in Reno, Nevada. 7 41. On April 15, 2006, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of Volvo 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 Rents, and Balli, in his capacity as managing member of NRL Rentals, executed and caused 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 Volvo Rents and NRL Rentals to enter into a Termination and Release Agreement, pursuant to 10 which, among other things, Volvo Rents agreed to terminate the Reno Franchise Agreement and 11 apply the $35,000 franchise fee paid in connection therewith to franchise locations to be opened 12 by NRL Rentals in the Dallas/Fort Worth area. TE 21. 13 14 Dallas/Fort Worth. 42. On or about February 2, 2006, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of 15 Volvo Rents, and Balli, in his capacity as managing member of NRL Rentals, executed and 16 caused Volvo Rents and NRL Rentals to enter into that certain Deposit Agreement pursuant to 17 which, among other things, NRL Rentals made a $5,000.00 deposit on the Dallas/Ft. Worth area 18 as a territory for opening future Volvo Rents franchises. TE 24. 19 43. On March 31, 2006, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of Volvo 20 Rents, and Balli, in his capacity as manager of NRL Rentals, caused Volvo Rents and NRL 21 Rentals to enter into a Franchise Agreement (the Dallas Franchise Agreement) to establish four 22 Volvo Rents franchise locations in Dallas, Rockwall, and Ellis Counties, Texas. TE 13. 23 44. 24 25 The Dallas Franchise Agreement was later terminated by mutual agreement. San Antonio. 45. On March 31, 2006, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of Volvo 26 Rents, and Balli, in his capacity as a member of NRL Rentals, executed and caused Volvo Rents 27 and NRL Rentals to enter into a Volvo Construction Equipment Rents Franchise Agreement (the 28 San Antonio Franchise Agreement and, collectively with the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement, Page 6 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 7 of 42 1 the Franchise Agreements), pursuant to which, among other things, NRL Rentals was permitted 2 to establish a Volvo Rents franchise in or around San Antonio, Texas. TE 675. 3 46. On August 1, 2006, Evan Brumm, in his capacity as Director of Finance for 4 Volvo Rents, sent Balli a letter approving the transfer of the ownership of NRL Rentals’ 5 development rights and franchise rights to the San Antonio area from NRL Rentals to NRL San 6 Antonio. TE 17. The letter provides, among other things: “Effective immediately, the Development Agreement executed on March 31, 2006 by NRL Rentals, LLC for the San Antonio area, with development rights for the following counties in Texas: Comal, Gillespie, Gonzales, Guadalupe, Karnes, Kendall, Wilson, Atascosa, Bandera, Bexar, Frio, Kerr, and Medina will be transferred to NRL San Antonio Rentals, LP;” and 7 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 “Effectively immediately, the Franchise Agreement executed by NRL Rentals, LLC on March 31, 2006 for the Approved Territory of the following counties in Texas: Comal, Gillespie, Gonzales, Guadalupe, Karnes, Kendall, and Wilson will be transferred to NRL San Antonio Rentals, LP.” 11 12 13 Loan Documents and Related Agreements. 14 15 Las Vegas. 47. On December 10, 2004, Balli executed and delivered a Guarantee, 16 Indemnification, and Acknowledgment to Volvo Rents, pursuant to which, among other things, 17 Balli guaranteed all payments that NRL Rentals owed to Volvo Rents under the Las Vegas 18 Franchise Agreement. 19 48. On February 2, 2005, Volvo Rents filed a UCC-1 Financing Statement 20 (Document No. 2005003937-0) (the Volvo Rents Las Vegas Financing Statement) with the 21 Nevada Secretary of State. The Volvo Rents Las Vegas Financing Statement covered the 22 following collateral: “All inventory sold directly or indirectly to [NRL Rentals] by [Volvo Rents] 23 that is financed by [Volvo Rents]; and all proceeds and products of any and all of the foregoing . 24 . . .” TE 18. 25 49. On March 9, 2005, VFS US LLC, a Delaware limited liability company, also 26 known as Volvo Commercial Finance, a division of VFS US LLC (VFS), filed a UCC-1 27 Financing Statement (Document No. 2005007052-8) (the VFS Las Vegas Financing Statement) 28 with the Nevada Secretary of State. The VFS Las Vegas Financing Statement covered the Page 7 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 Filed 01/04/13 Page 8 of 42 following collateral: All inventory of Debtor [NRL Rentals], whether now owned or hereafter acquired by Debtor and wherever located, including without limitation (i) all new and used construction equipment, mini-excavators, backhoes, loaders, forklifts, generators, trucks, compressors, lawn equipment, small generators, concrete equipment, trailers, trenchers, air tools, small compressors, ladders, power tools, hoists, and specialty hand tools, and other assets used in the construction, commercial industrial, agricultural, and homeowner markets, as well as replacement parts, accessories and attachments pertaining thereto; (ii) all other Goods, merchandise, raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, and other tangible personal property held for sale or lease (including, but not limited to, any Goods provided by Secured Party to Debtor on Consignment) or furnished under contracts of service or used or consumed in Debtor’s business; and (iii) all Documents now or hereafter evidencing any such Inventory; and all proceeds of the foregoing, whether cash or non-cash. All Accounts including insurance proceeds, rights to payment (including monetary obligations, whether or not earned by performance), secondary obligations incurred or to be incurred; all Payment Intangibles, Promissory Notes, Letters of Credit, Deposit Accounts, service contracts, warranties, Documents, Records, General Intangibles, Instruments, Chattel Paper, Electronic Chattel Paper, and lease and rental agreements, whether now owned or hereafter acquired by Debtor and whether now existing or hereafter arising, and all proceeds of the foregoing whether cash or non-cash. All Equipment, whether now owned or hereafter acquired by Debtor and wherever located; all Goods or Equipment owned by Secured Party and located on Debtor’s premises for any purpose; and all proceeds thereof, whether cash or non-cash (but inclusion of proceeds shall not be deemed to imply that Secured Party consents to the sale or other transfer or disposition of any such Goods or Equipment). TE 19. 17 18 50. On March 12, 2005, NRL Rentals and VFS executed and entered into a Security 19 Agreement, pursuant to which, among other things, NRL Rentals granted VFS a security interest 20 in the collateral described in the Las Vegas Financing Statement. TE 28. 21 51. Also on March 12, 2005, Balli, in his capacity as managing member of NRL 22 Rentals, executed and delivered a Rental Inventory Financing Agreement to VFS. VFS accepted 23 the Rental Inventory Financing Agreement. TE 29. 24 52. Also on March 12, 2005, Balli, in his capacity as managing member of NRL 25 Rentals, executed and caused NRL Rentals to deliver a promissory note in the original principal 26 amount of $6,425,000.00 (the Las Vegas Promissory Note) to VFS. TE 30. 27 28 53. Also on March 12, 2005, Balli executed and delivered a Guaranty and Subordination Agreement to Volvo Rents, pursuant to which, among other things, Balli Page 8 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 9 of 42 personally guaranteed the obligations of NRL Rentals to VFS. TE 31. 2 54. Also on March 12, 2005, Bosworth Nevada Instruments executed and delivered a 3 Guaranty and Subordination Agreement to Volvo Rents, pursuant to which, among other things, 4 Bosworth Nevada Investments guaranteed the obligations of NRL Rentals to VFS. TE 32. 5 55. On October 27, 2005, Balli, on behalf of NRL Rentals, executed that certain 6 Certificate of Authority for Limited Liability Company, pursuant to which NRL Rentals 7 represented and warranted to Volvo Rents that NRL Rentals had delivered certain documents to 8 Volvo Rents. TE 15. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 56. On or about May 1, 2006, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of 10 Volvo Rents, and Balli, in his capacity as a Member of NRL Rentals, caused Volvo Rents and 11 NRL Rentals to execute and enter into a Security Agreement – Revised. TE 25. 12 13 57. On October 12, 2006, NRL Rentals and VFS executed and entered into an Amendment to Rental Inventory Financing Agreement. TE 34. 14 58. Also on October 12, 2006, Balli, on behalf of NRL Rentals, executed and 15 delivered an Amended and Restated Promissory Note (Rental Inventory Financing-Secured) to 16 VFS. 17 restatement of, and replacement and substitution for, the Las Vegas Promissory Note. TE 35. 18 Among other things, the Amended and Restated Promissory Note constituted a 59. Also on October 12, 2006, Balli, in his capacity as managing member of NRL 19 Texas, as general partner of NRL San Antonio, executed a Guaranty and Subordination 20 Agreement, pursuant to which, among other things, NRL San Antonio guaranteed the obligations 21 of NRL Rentals to VFS. TE 39.4 22 San Antonio. 23 60. On August 23, 2006, Volvo Rents filed a UCC Financing Statement (Document 24 No. 141646090002, File No. 06-0028345977) (the Volvo Rents San Antonio Financing 25 Statement) with the Texas Secretary of State. 26 Statement covered “All Inventory sold directly or indirectly to [NRL San Antonio] by [Volvo The Volvo Rents San Antonio Financing 27 4 28 The documents in this section are collectively referred to herein as the Las Vegas Loan Documents. Page 9 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 10 of 42 1 Rents] that is financed by [Volvo Rents]; and all proceeds and products of any and all of the 2 foregoing . . . .” TE 40. 3 61. On September 29, 2006, VFS filed a UCC Financing Statement (Document No. 4 145998440002, Filing No. 06-0032455297) (the VFS San Antonio Financing Statement) with 5 the Texas Secretary of State. The VFS San Antonio Financing Statement covered the following 6 collateral: 22 All inventory of Debtor [NRL San Antonio], whether now owned or hereafter acquired by Debtor and wherever located, including without limitation (i) all new and used construction equipment, mini-excavators, backhoes, loaders, forklifts, generators, trucks, compressors, lawn equipment, small generators, concrete equipment, trailers, trenchers, air tools, small compressors, ladders, power tools, hoists, and specialty hand tools, and other assets used in the construction, commercial industrial, agricultural, and homeowner markets, as well as replacement parts, accessories and attachments pertaining thereto; (ii) all other Goods, merchandise, raw materials, work in progress, finished goods, and other tangible personal property held for sale or lease (including, but not limited to, any Goods provided by Secured Party to Debtor on Consignment) or furnished under contracts of service or used or consumed in Debtor’s business; and (iii) all Documents now or hereafter evidencing any such Inventory; and all proceeds of the foregoing, whether cash or non-cash. All Accounts including insurance proceeds, rights to payment (including monetary obligations, whether or not earned by performance), secondary obligations incurred or to be incurred; all Payment Intangibles, Promissory Notes, Letters of Credit, Deposit Accounts, service contracts, warranties, Documents, Records, General Intangibles, Instruments, Chattel Paper, Electronic Chattel Paper, and lease and rental agreements, whether now owned or hereafter acquired by Debtor and whether now existing or hereafter arising, and all proceeds of the foregoing whether cash or non-cash. All Equipment, whether now owned or hereafter acquired by Debtor and wherever located; all Goods or Equipment owned by Secured Party and located on Debtor’s premises for any purpose; and all proceeds thereof, whether cash or non-cash (but inclusion of proceeds shall not be deemed to imply that Secured Party consents to the sale or other transfer or disposition of any such Goods or Equipment). TE 41. 23 62. 7 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 On September 27, 2006, VFS filed a UCC Financing Statement Amendment with 24 the Texas Secretary of State (Document No. 149253890002, Filing No. 06-00356366), changing 25 the address of NRL San Antonio to 616 S. Kimball, Southlake, Texas 76092. 26 63. On October 10, 2006, Balli, in his capacity as member and manager of NRL 27 Texas Rentals, as general partner of NRL San Antonio, executed and delivered a Rental 28 Inventory Financing Agreement to VFS. VFS accepted the Rental Inventory Financing Page 10 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 11 of 42 Agreement. TE 44. 2 64. Also on October 10, 2006, Balli, on behalf of NRL San Antonio, executed and 3 delivered a promissory note in the original principal amount of $4,125,000.00 (the San Antonio 4 Promissory Note) to VFS. TE 45. 5 65. Also on October 10, 2006, Balli, in his capacity as member and manager of NRL to which, among other things, NRL San Antonio granted VFS a security interest in the collateral 8 described in the VFS San Antonio Financing Statement to secure the San Antonio Promissory 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 Texas Rentals, as general partner of NRL San Antonio, executed a Security Agreement, pursuant 7 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 6 Note. TE 42. 10 11 66. Also on October 10, 2006, NRL Rentals and VFS executed a Retail Finance Plan Agreement. TE 43. 12 67. Also on October 10, 2006, Balli executed and delivered a Guaranty and 13 Subordination Agreement to VFS, pursuant to which, among other things, Balli guaranteed NRL 14 San Antonio’s obligations to VFS. TE 36. 15 68. Also on October 10, 2006, Balli, in his capacity as managing member of NRL 16 Rentals, executed and delivered a Guaranty and Subordination Agreement to VFS, pursuant to 17 which, among other things, NRL Rentals guaranteed NRL San Antonio’s obligations to VFS. 18 TE 37. 19 69. Also on October 10, 2006, Balli, in his capacity as manager of NRL Texas, 20 executed and delivered a Guaranty and Subordination Agreement to VFS, pursuant to which, 21 among other things, NRL Texas Rentals guaranteed NRL San Antonio’s obligations to VFS. TE 22 35.5 23 Guaranties Between Volvo Rents and VFS. 24 70. On March 11, 2005, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of Volvo 25 Rents, executed and caused Volvo Rents to deliver a Guaranty to VFS, pursuant to which, among 26 other things, Volvo Rents guaranteed all of the obligations of NRL Rentals to VFS. TE 49. 27 5 28 The documents referenced in this section are collectively referred to herein as the San Antonio Loan Documents. Page 11 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 71. Filed 01/04/13 Page 12 of 42 On October 12, 2006, Natwick, in his capacity as President and CEO of Volvo 2 Rents, executed and caused Volvo Rents to deliver a guaranty to VFS, pursuant to which, among 3 other things, Volvo Rents guaranteed all of the obligations of NRL San Antonio to VFS. TE 50. 4 Assignment of Loan Documents from VFS to Volvo Rents. 5 72. 6 the Las Vegas Loan Documents to Volvo Rents. TE 51. 7 8 73. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 Also on December 16, 2008, VFS assigned all of its right, title, and interest in and to the San Antonio Loan Documents to Volvo Rents. TE 379.6 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP On December 16, 2008, VFS assigned all of its right, title, and interest in and to Termination of Franchise Agreements. 10 74. On January 8, 2009, Marty Moore (Moore), Vice President of North America for 11 Volvo Rents, sent a letter to Balli, stating that the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement was 12 terminated. TE 52. 13 75. Also on January 8, 2009, Moore sent a separate letter to Balli, stating that the San 14 Antonio Franchise Agreement was terminated. TE 53. 15 II. 16 17 ADDITIONAL FINDINGS OF FACT 76. Any finding of fact containing a conclusion of law is also a conclusion of law. Any conclusion of law containing a finding of fact is also a finding of fact. 18 Business of Volvo Entities. 19 Volvo Rents. 20 77. At all times relevant to the allegations in Volvo Rents’ complaint, Volvo Rents 21 was engaged in the business of establishing independently-owned construction equipment rental 22 franchises in the United States and Canada. 23 VFS. 24 78. Among other things, at all times relevant to the allegations in Volvo Rents’ 25 complaint, VFS was engaged in the business of lending funds to Volvo Rents franchisees for the 26 6 27 28 In June 2011, the Court entered its Order (#459) on Volvo Rents’ Motion for Partial Summary Judgment (#421), wherein it determined that, with the exception of NRL Rentals (which was in bankruptcy), the parties to the Las Vegas Loan Documents and the San Antonio Loan Documents breached the agreements contained therein. Judgment was entered in favor of Volvo Rents and against NRL San Antonio in the approximate principal amount of $10 million. Page 12 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 13 of 42 purchase of rental equipment. 2 Initiation of Relationship Between Volvo Rents and Defendants. 3 79. In late summer/early fall 2004, Balli responded to an advertisement in a Las 4 Vegas newspaper, wherein Volvo Rents announced that it was seeking qualified individuals to 5 open and operate construction equipment rental franchises. 6 80. Volvo Rents was interested in awarding Balli a franchise because he had more would not approve Balli’s initial franchise application because his personal net worth was 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 than 15 years’ experience in the construction equipment rental industry. However, Volvo Rents 8 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 7 insufficient to meet Volvo Rents’ minimum financial requirements on his own. 10 81. Balli attempted to partner with several investors (some of whom were 11 recommended by Volvo Rents), but was unable to locate any individuals with sufficient assets to 12 satisfy Volvo Rents’ requirements. 13 82. Volvo Rents asked Balli if he knew of any potential investors. 14 83. Accordingly, Balli eventually requested that his high school friends, the 15 Bosworths, who own and operate several marinas and related businesses in Texas, invest in the 16 franchise. 17 84. Although the Bosworths had no experience in the construction equipment rental 18 arena, they agreed to invest in the franchise on the following conditions: (a) they would be silent 19 partners/investors; (b) Balli would operate the franchise; and (c) they would not personally 20 guarantee any loans advanced for purposes of purchasing rental equipment. 21 85. Prior to the execution of the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement, the Bosworths 22 participated in a few ‘high level’ communications with Natwick and Jerry Baker, a sales 23 manager for Volvo Rents. The majority of communications regarding the Las Vegas franchise 24 prior to the execution of the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement occurred between Balli and Baker, 25 Natwick, and/or other Volvo employees. 26 86. Approximately three weeks after the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement was 27 executed, Marcel and Dwight submitted personal financial statements, tax returns, and other 28 financial information to Volvo Rents. Evan Brumm, Volvo Rents’ Chief Financial Officer, had Page 13 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 14 of 42 no reason to believe that any of the Bosworths’ financial information was false. 2 Business Plans. 3 87. Following the execution of the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement, Balli and Volvo 4 employee Ed Spence collaborated to develop a business plan (the Las Vegas Business Plan) for 5 the Las Vegas franchise. TE 11. 6 88. Following the execution of the San Antonio Franchise Agreement, Marion the Las Vegas Business Plan, the Business Plans) for the San Antonio franchise to Volvo Rents. 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 ‘Butch’ Thomas submitted a business plan (the San Antonio Business Plan and, collectively with 8 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 7 TE 26 10 11 12 89. Among other things, the Business Plans contained estimated projections for equipment financing for the franchises. 90. Neither Marcel nor Dwight signed or delivered either of the Business Plans to 13 Volvo Rents, nor did either of them participate in, or contribute to, the development or drafting 14 of either of the Business Plans. 15 91. Neither of the Business Plans specified that Dwight and/or Marcel agreed to make 16 an investment of any amount into either of the franchises, nor did either of the Business Plans 17 require that Dwight and/or Marcel make an investment of any amount. 18 Capitalization of Franchises. 19 20 General Capitalization Issues. 92. Neither of the Franchise Agreements contained any requirement that the 21 Bosworths, or either of them, inject any amount of capital into Bosworth Nevada Investments, 22 NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, the Las Vegas franchise, or the San Antonio 23 franchise. 24 93. Volvo Rents never informed Dwight that he was required to inject a specific 25 amount of capital into Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, NRL 26 Texas, the Las Vegas franchise, or the San Antonio franchise. 27 28 94. Volvo Rents never informed Marcel that he was required to inject a specific amount of capital into Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, NRL Page 14 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 15 of 42 Texas, the Las Vegas franchise, or the San Antonio franchise. 2 95. Dwight never promised Volvo Rents that he would inject a specific amount of 3 capital into Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, the 4 Las Vegas franchise, or the San Antonio franchise. 5 96. Marcel never promised Volvo Rents that he would inject a specific amount of 6 capital into Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, the 7 Las Vegas franchise, or the San Antonio franchise. 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 97. maintain any minimum amount of capital or equity in either of the franchises. 10 11 Volvo Rents never informed either of the Bosworths that they were required to 98. Volvo Rents did not have a minimum equity investment requirement for either of the franchises; only VFS had such a requirement. 12 NRL San Antonio Capitalization Issues. 13 99. In October 2006, approximately 6-7 months after Balli began operating the San 14 Antonio franchise, but prior to the time that VFS provided its initial credit advance for the 15 purchase of equipment for the franchise, Volvo employee Mike Usher (Usher) requested that 16 Balli provide him with proof that the San Antonio franchise was capitalized. TE 164. 17 100. Specifically, Usher informed Balli that “[t]he San Antonio business plan was built 18 using an equity injection of $805,000 on day one,”7 and requested that Balli “specify the equity 19 injection to be made by each partner” in the San Antonio franchise. Id. 20 101. In response, Balli provided Usher with a facsimile entitled “Verification of 21 Deposits,” which contained excerpts of bank statements from an account held by NRL Rentals at 22 PlainsCapital Bank. TE 165. 23 102. Balli also provided Usher with an email containing an attachment that evidenced a 24 transfer in the amount of $149,000.00 from a PlainsCapital Bank holding account held in the 25 names of Dwight and Marcel (the D&M Account) into the account held by NRL San Antonio at 26 7 27 28 Again, the Bosworths had no role in drafting or developing the San Antonio Business Plan, neither of them promised Volvo Rents that they would invest a specific amount of money into NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, and/or the San Antonio franchise, and Volvo Rents did not inform either of the Bosworths that they were required to invest a specific amount of money into NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, and/or the San Antonio franchise. Page 15 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 PlainsCapital Bank. 2 103. Filed 01/04/13 Page 16 of 42 Based on information communicated to him by Usher, Balli understood that 3 Volvo Rents was only requesting verification of deposits because it stood to collect the first 4 million dollars in financing from VFS for the San Antonio franchise, and VFS would not release 5 the funds until it obtained the verification. 6 7 8 104. Usher never informed Balli that NRL San Antonio was required to retain any amount of the deposits in its account. 105. During an audit that Volvo Rents conducted in October 2008, Volvo Rents 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 discovered that, the day after NRL San Antonio received the $149,000.00 transfer, Balli caused 10 NRL San Antonio to transfer $149,000.00 out of its account. The funds were distributed among 11 the D&M Account, several of the Marine Quest Defendants, and Kevin Lafferty, a contractor 12 who had performed work at one or more of the marinas. 13 14 15 106. All of the transfers were tracked and/or reconciled by an internal controller and/or third party accountants for the Marine Quest Defendants. 107. Based on information communicated to them by Balli, the Bosworths understood 16 that Volvo Rents was only requesting verification that they had $149,000.00 at their disposal; 17 they did not understand that Volvo Rents was requesting or requiring that they deposit and/or 18 maintain any minimum amount of capital in the NRL San Antonio bank account. 19 Capital Expenditures by the Bosworths. 20 Initial Capital Expenditures. 21 108. The Bosworths did not inject or invest any money directly into Bosworth Nevada 22 Investments. However, they provided Balli with a significant amount of capital for the benefit of 23 Bosworth Nevada Investments and both franchises, including, among other things, funds for 24 franchise fees, rent, leasehold improvements (including fencing, gates, paving, painting, interior 25 construction, and signage), labor, furniture, fixtures, computers, phones, wash racks, and 26 equipment. 27 109. 28 The Bosworths also purchased and/or provided equipment for use by the franchises, including, among other things, service and sales trucks. Page 16 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 110. Filed 01/04/13 Page 17 of 42 In addition, after the San Antonio Franchise Agreement was executed, but prior to 2 the time that VFS provided its first credit advance for the purchase of equipment for the San 3 Antonio franchise, Balli caused rental equipment that the Bosworths had purchased to be 4 transferred from Las Vegas to San Antonio for use by the San Antonio franchise. 5 111. The Bosworths’ cash and equipment expenditures were necessary for the opening “asset-only” financing: 8 equipment, and Volvo Rents did not provide any financing or equipment for any reason. 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 and operation of both the Las Vegas and San Antonio franchises because the franchises obtained 7 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 6 Moreover, VFS did not provide financing until several months after the franchises opened and 10 11 VFS did not provide financing for any items other than rental began conducting operations. 112. Volvo Rents’ forensic accounting expert, George Swarts, agreed that, in addition 12 to cash, expenditures for rent, leasehold improvements, fixtures, equipment, and other items 13 necessary for the opening and/or operation of the franchises could constitute capital 14 expenditures. 15 16 Additional Capital Expenditures. 113. On November 30, 2007, Balli obtained a personal loan (the Balli Loan) from 17 PlainsCapital Bank in the principal amount of $435,000.00 for purposes of purchasing equipment 18 and funding operations NRL Rentals. 19 114. Marcel introduced Balli to PlainsCapital Bank. 20 115. Balli was unable to repay the Balli Loan. 21 116. Despite the fact that they had no obligation to PlainsCapital Bank relative to the 22 Balli Loan, the Bosworths repaid the Balli Loan in full in order to protect their relationship with 23 PlainsCapital Bank. 24 117. The loan was repaid after NRL Rentals filed for bankruptcy. 25 118. Neither Dwight nor Marcel nor any of their business ventures (including 26 Bosworth Farms and/or the Marine Quest Defendants) received or benefited from any amount of 27 the proceeds of the Balli Loan; all of the proceeds were used by NRL Rentals to fund operations 28 and equipment purchases. Page 17 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 18 of 42 Bank Accounts, Tax Returns, and Financial Statements. 2 NRL Entities. 3 119. 4 own names. 5 120. Neither of the Bosworths had access to any of the franchisees’ bank accounts. 6 121. NRL Rentals and NRL San Antonio also filed separate annual tax returns that NRL Rentals and NRL San Antonio maintained separate bank accounts in their 7 were prepared by the accounting firm of Wood Sanford PC, which also prepared tax returns for 8 the Marine Quest Defendants, Bosworth Farms, and each of the Bosworths. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 122. Marcel introduced Balli to the Wood Sanford firm. 10 123. Neither of the Bosworths played any role in the preparation of any of the tax 11 returns that were filed by either of the NRL entities, nor did either of the Bosworths 12 communicate with the Wood Sanford firm regarding the preparation of any of the tax returns that 13 were filed by the NRL entities. 14 Marine Quest Defendants. 15 16 124. their own names. 17 18 Certain of the Marine Quest Defendants maintained separate bank accounts in 125. Neither Balli nor any employee of NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio had access to any of the Marine Quest bank accounts. 19 126. Certain of the Marine Quest Defendants filed separate annual tax returns. 20 127. Neither Balli nor any employee of NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio played any 21 role in the preparation of any of the tax returns that were filed for any of the Marine Quest 22 Defendants. 23 128. The mailing address that was listed on the tax returns for the Marine Quest 24 Defendants that filed tax returns was the same as the mailing address that was listed on the tax 25 returns for NRL Rentals and NRL San Antonio. Neither Dwight nor Marcel directed the Wood 26 Sanford firm to use the same address for the Marine Quest Defendants and the NRL entities; 27 rather, Tracey Wood Sanford testified that the address was included for correspondence purposes 28 only. Page 18 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 19 of 42 1 129. 2 Quest Defendants. 3 accountants who were not involved in the preparation of the financial statements. 4 Third party accountants prepared financial statements for certain of the Marine Certain of those financial statements were audited by independent Bosworth Farms. 5 130. Bosworth Farms maintained a separate bank account in its own name. 6 131. Neither Balli nor any employee of NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio had access 7 to the Bosworth Farms bank account. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 132. Bosworth Farms also filed separate annual tax returns. 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 133. Neither Balli nor any employee of NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio played any 10 role in the preparation of any of the tax returns filed by Bosworth Farms. 11 12 13 14 15 Marcel and Dwight. 134. tax returns with their respective spouses. 135. 18 19 NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, the Marine Quest Defendants, and Bosworth Farms did not have access to either of the Bosworths’ personal bank accounts. 16 17 Marcel and Dwight maintained their own bank accounts and filed their own joint D&M Account. 136. On the advice of their accountants and PlainsCapital Bank, the Bosworths opened the D&M Account to function as a holding account for their various business enterprises. 137. Funds from certain transactions involving certain of the Marine Quest 20 Defendants, the NRL entities, and/or the Bosworths’ other business ventures were transferred in 21 or out of the D&M account in order to facilitate those transactions. 22 138. All transactions that were processed through the D&M Account were tracked 23 and/or reconciled by the controller and/or third-party accountants for the Marine Quest 24 Defendants. 25 139. 26 27 28 Each of the Bosworths held his own bank account that was separate both from the D&M Account and the account held by the other of the Bosworths. 140. Each of the Marine Quest Defendants that maintained a bank account held its own account that was separate from the accounts held by the Bosworths, the NRL entities, the other Page 19 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 Filed 01/04/13 Page 20 of 42 Marine Quest Defendants and the Bosworths’ other business ventures. 141. The Bosworths did not use (or permit the use of) the D&M Account as a “slush 3 fund” or “personal piggy bank” for themselves, nor did they use (or permit the use of) the D&M 4 Account in such a fashion for any of their business ventures, including, without limitation, any of 5 the Marine Quest Defendants, Bosworth Farms, NRL Rentals, and/or NRL San Antonio. 6 7 8 142. to the D&M Account. Operation of Franchises. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 Neither Balli nor any employee of NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio had access Beginning of Franchise Operations. 143. Volvo Rents did not permit either of the franchises to begin operating until it was 11 satisfied that the franchise locations conformed with Volvo Rents’ location, branding, 12 appearance, and other pre-opening requirements. 13 144. Balli began operating the Las Vegas franchise in early January 2005. He began 14 operating the San Antonio franchise in February or March 2006. 15 Financing of Rental Equipment. 16 145. VFS provided its initial credit advance for the purchase of rental equipment for 17 the Las Vegas franchise in late March 2005, approximately 3 months after the Las Vegas 18 franchise opened for business. 19 146. VFS provided its initial credit advance for the purchase of rental equipment for 20 the San Antonio franchise in late October 2006, approximately 6-7 months after the San Antonio 21 franchise opened for business. 22 23 Transfers of Funds Between NRL Entities and Defendants. 147. On numerous occasions between 2005 and 2008, Balli requested that the 24 Bosworths provide additional capital to assist with certain financial obligations of the franchises, 25 including payroll and equipment purchases. 26 27 148. Certain of the Marine Quest Defendants provided short-term loans to facilitate Balli’s requests. 28 Page 20 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 3 149. Filed 01/04/13 Page 21 of 42 In addition, the franchises obtained several short-term loans from the D&M Account. 150. Many of the short-term loans referenced herein were memorialized by promissory 4 notes. In most instances, the promissory notes were prepared by Kary Toomer, an independent 5 contractor who provided a variety of services to certain of the Marine Quest Defendants, and 6 signed by Balli on behalf of the NRL entity to which the money was loaned. 7 151. Most of the promissory notes were eventually paid in full by the NRL entity that 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 borrowed the funds. 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 eventually shut down operations and closed their bank accounts. 10 11 152. None of the note repayment funds were delivered to Dwight or Marcel personally, nor did either of them personally benefit from any such funds. 12 13 A few of the notes went unpaid, however, because both franchises V-Rents, Manual Invoices, and Fictitious Customers. 153. Pursuant to the Franchise Agreements, the Las Vegas and San Antonio franchises 14 were required to utilize V-Rents, a proprietary software program, to record financial information, 15 track equipment rentals, manage and monitor inventory, and administer other aspects of the 16 business of the franchises. 17 154. Volvo Rents could access the V-Rents system at any time. 18 155. Neither of the Bosworths ever accessed or utilized the V-Rents program for either 19 20 of the franchises for any reason. 156. Although V-Rents permitted the franchises to record and/or track actual 21 rental/revenue generating activities, it did not permit the franchises to record and/or track non- 22 rental/non-revenue-generating activities, including, without limitation, transporting equipment 23 from one location to another, staging equipment for sale at an auction yard, storing equipment, 24 tracking equipment that was taken out of the rental inventory for maintenance or repair, tracking 25 equipment sales, and/or tracking off-rent equipment that the Las Vegas franchise was 26 temporarily unable to locate during the hectic transition between conventions. 27 28 157. Accordingly, in order to properly track all non-rental activity and to maintain an accurate inventory, Balli was required to create manual invoices and maintain computer files Page 21 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 Filed 01/04/13 Page 22 of 42 (including QuickBooks files) outside of the V-Rents system. 158. For the same reasons, Balli created a fictitious customer, L & M Contractors, 3 within the V-Rents system. Among other things, the L & M Contractors account was used to 4 track equipment sales and to keep track of equipment that the Las Vegas franchise was 5 temporarily unable to locate following a convention. 6 7 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 159. Balli did not create any manual invoices or maintain any computer files to hide any equipment from any auditors for Volvo Rents or VFS. 160. Balli did not create or utilized the L & M Contractors account to hide any equipment from any auditors for Volvo Rents or VFS. 161. Neither of the Bosworths created manual invoices or maintain separate computer 11 files for either of the franchises for any reason, nor did they direct Balli to create manual invoices 12 or maintain separate computer files for either of the franchises. 13 162. Neither of the Bosworths created any fictitious customers (including L & M 14 Contractors) for either of the franchises, nor did either of them direct Balli to create any fictitious 15 customers. 16 17 163. Defendants used any equipment from either of the franchises on a ‘no-rent’ basis. 18 19 20 21 Neither of the Bosworths nor Bosworth Farms nor any of the Marine Quest Meetings. 164. The principals of NRL Rentals and NRL San Antonio conducted regular telephonic meetings. They did not keep formal meeting minutes. 165. 22 Bosworth Nevada Investments conducted formal meetings and kept minutes. Other. 23 166. In 2005, Volvo Rents named the Las Vegas franchise its “Franchise of the Year.” 24 167. Volvo Rents did not present any evidence that it had any significant concerns 25 about the operations of either of the franchises between December 2004 (when the Las Vegas 26 Franchise Agreement was executed) and October 2008 (when Volvo Rents conducted a 27 comprehensive audit of both franchises). 28 Page 22 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 168. Filed 01/04/13 Page 23 of 42 In late fall 2008, Volvo Rents discussed having Marcel and Balli join a Volvo 2 Rents franchise governance board. 3 Winding Up Operations. 4 Las Vegas Franchise. 5 6 Return of Equipment to Las Vegas Franchise. 169. Moore testified that in or around October 2007, the construction industry in Las 7 Vegas turned “sharply downward,” which was “a correction that none of us have ever witnessed 8 in our lifetimes.” 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 11 170. At or around the same time, customers of the Las Vegas franchise began returning a significant quantity of rental equipment to the franchise location. 171. Because the rental yard was not large enough to store all of the equipment that 12 was being returned, Balli caused NRL Rentals to rent a large lot approximately one block from 13 the rental yard. A considerable amount of returned equipment was stored on the rented lot, 14 which (along with certain pieces of equipment) was clearly visible from the franchise rental yard. 15 172. Neither of the Bosworths removed any equipment from the rental yard, nor did 16 either of them direct Balli or any employee of NRL Rentals to remove any equipment from that 17 location. 18 173. Neither of the Bosworths concealed any equipment from the Las Vegas franchise 19 from Volvo Rents and/or VFS, nor did either of them direct Balli or any employee of NRL 20 Rentals to conceal any equipment. 21 22 Vegas Rents, LLC. 174. In or around April 2009, the Bosworths and Balli formed Vegas Rents, LLC 23 (Vegas Rents), a Nevada limited liability company. At that time, the Bosworths and Balli were 24 attempting to secure financing to pay off the outstanding balances on the loans advanced by VFS 25 for the purchase of equipment for the franchises. 26 27 28 175. Vegas Rents was formed for the purpose of operating a construction equipment rental business in Las Vegas. 176. Vegas Rents never conducted any business. Page 23 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 177. Filed 01/04/13 Page 24 of 42 None of the equipment from either of the franchises was transferred to Vegas Rents. 3 San Antonio Franchise. 4 $400,000.00 Jefferson Bank Loan. 5 178. On or about August 30, 2007, Marcel obtained a loan from Jefferson Bank in the 6 principal amount of $400,000.00. The loan, which was originated in the name of NRL Rentals, 7 was intended to fund the purchase of additional equipment for the San Antonio franchise. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 179. The Bosworths personally guaranteed the loan. 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 180. One day after the loan proceeds were transferred to the bank account for NRL San 10 Antonio, Balli learned that a Volvo Rents store had opened across the freeway from the location 11 of the San Antonio Franchise. Balli promptly informed Marcel about the new store.8 12 181. The Bosworths and Balli had no interest in competing with Volvo Rents within 13 the exclusive franchise territory covered by the San Antonio Franchise Agreement. However, 14 because Marcel did not want to jeopardize the Bosworths’ relationship with Jefferson Bank, the 15 loan could not be repaid immediately. 16 $390,000.00 of the loan proceeds to Tarrant County Marina Enterprises, Inc. (Tarrant County). 17 The remaining $10,000.00 of the loan proceeds was used to pay operational expenses for NRL 18 San Antonio. 19 182. Accordingly, Marcel directed Balli to transfer At Marcel’s direction, Jefferson Bank transferred the loan to Tarrant County, 20 which eventually repaid the loan with interest. Jefferson Bank did not formally record the loan 21 transfer on its books until months after the loan proceeds were transferred from NRL San 22 Antonio to Tarrant County. However, Tarrant County and the Marine Quest controller and third 23 8 24 25 26 27 28 Among other things, the San Antonio Franchise Agreement authorized Volvo Rents to acquire sor operate non-Volvo-branded equipment rental businesses within the territory covered by the San Antonio Franchise, provided that: a.) Volvo Rents was required to give the franchisee an opportunity to purchase the acquired business; and b.) Volvo Rents was required to give the franchisee 30 days’ written notice of Volvo Rents’ acquisition of the business, and offer the franchisee the opportunity to purchase the acquired business for a price to be determined by an independent appraiser. TE 675. Page 24 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 25 of 42 party accountants treated the loan as a Tarrant County loan from the date that it was transferred. 2 3 4 183. Neither of the Bosworths converted any of the loan proceeds to their own use, nor did they direct anyone else to utilize any amount of the loan proceeds for their personal benefit. 5 6 Equipment Delivered to Marinas. 184. Following the discovery of the new Volvo Rents store in San Antonio, the Balli began removing equipment from the rental yard. A few pieces of equipment were shipped 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 Bosworths and Balli decided to discontinue operating the San Antonio franchise. Accordingly, 8 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 7 back to Las Vegas. However, because shipping was prohibitively expensive, and because 10 several of the Marine Quest marinas were located near a large auction house in Fort Worth, the 11 Bosworths agreed to permit Balli and the San Antonio franchise to store a significant amount of 12 equipment at the marinas until it could be delivered to Las Vegas or sold at auction. 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 185. Balli recorded and tracked the movement and location of all of the equipment in the V-Rents system and/or on ‘zero rent’ contracts. 186. Neither of the Bosworths ever used (or directed the use of) any of the equipment for their personal benefit. 187. The marinas at which the equipment was stored could not use the equipment because it was not suitable for marine/marina use. 188. Neither of the Bosworths ever concealed any equipment from Volvo Rents or 20 VFS at any of the marinas, nor did they direct Balli or any Marine Quest employee or 21 independent contractor to conceal such equipment. 22 23 Heisel’s Rent-All. 189. At Balli’s direction, certain pieces of equipment from the San Antonio franchise 24 were delivered to Heisel’s Rent-All (Heisel’s), an equipment rental business located in New 25 Braunfels, Texas. 26 27 190. All of the equipment that was sent to Heisel’s was tracked in the V-Rents system and/or on no-rent contracts. 28 Page 25 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 191. Filed 01/04/13 Page 26 of 42 Neither of the Bosworths concealed any equipment from Volvo Rents or VFS at 2 Heisel’s, nor did they direct Balli, any employee of the San Antonio franchise, or any Heisel’s 3 employee to conceal any equipment. 4 5 Equipment Solutions. 192. Also at Balli’s direction, certain pieces of equipment from the San Antonio 6 franchise were delivered to Equipment Solutions, a construction equipment rental company in 7 Texas, and placed on consignment. 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 193. All of the equipment that was sent to Equipment Solutions was tracked in the V- Rents system and/or on no-rent contracts. 194. Neither of the Bosworths concealed any equipment from Volvo Rents or VFS at 11 Equipment Solutions, nor did they direct Balli, any employee of the San Antonio franchise, or 12 any Equipment Solutions employee to conceal any equipment. 13 Alamo Trucking. 14 15 16 17 18 195. Also at Balli’s direction, certain pieces of equipment from the San Antonio franchise were delivered to Alamo Trucking for shipping to Las Vegas. 196. All of the equipment that was sent to Alamo Trucking was tracked in the V-Rents system and/or on no-rent contracts. 197. Because NRL San Antonio was unable to pay all of the shipping charges, Alamo 19 Trucking placed a shipping lien on certain pieces of equipment. Certain pieces of equipment 20 from the San Antonio franchise are currently in Alamo Trucking’s custody or control. 21 198. Neither of the Bosworths concealed any equipment from Volvo Rents or VFS at 22 Alamo Trucking, nor did either of them direct Balli, any employee of NRL San Antonio, or any 23 employee of Alamo Trucking to conceal any equipment. 24 Volvo Rents’ Trial Witnesses. 25 Live Testimony. 26 27 28 199. The following witnesses presented live testimony in Volvo Rents’ case-in-chief: Barry Natwick Evan Brumm Page 26 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 Filed 01/04/13 Page 27 of 42 Jerry Baker Mike Usher Doug Taylor P.W. Davis Mike Crouch Bob Balli Dwight Bosworth Marcel Bosworth George Swarts Deposition Testimony. 11 200. 12 Rents’ case-in-chief: 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 The testimony of the following witnesses was presented by deposition in Volvo Marty Moore Tracey Wood-Sanford Jennifer Moore Rachel Erick Sherilyn Whatley Michael Woody Melanie Bene Stephen Snellman 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 Page 27 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 28 of 42 CONCLUSIONS OF LAW 2 Based on the foregoing, and pursuant to and in accordance with Rule 52(c) of the Federal 3 Rules of Civil Procedure,9 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED, ADJUDGED, and DECREED that 4 Defendants’ Motion is GRANTED in its entirety. Specifically, the following claims by Volvo 5 Rents are adjudicated in favor of Defendants and against Volvo Rents: 6 Fraud (12th Claim for Relief). 7 1. 8 and convincing evidence, that: (a) The Bosworths made a false representation to Volvo Rents with either knowledge or belief that it was false; 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP In order to prevail on its fraud claim, Volvo Rents must demonstrate, by clear 10 (b) The Bosworths intended that Volvo Rents would rely on such representation; 11 and 12 (c) Volvo Rents suffered damages as a result of such reliance. 13 14 Nelson v. Heer, 123 Nev. 217, 225-26, 163 P.3d 420, 426 (Nev. 2007); see also J. A. Jones 15 Const. Co. v. Lehrer McGovern Bovis, Inc., 120 Nev. 277, 89 P.3d 1009 (Nev. 2004) (fraud 16 must be proven by clear and convincing evidence). 2. 17 As an initial matter, to the extent that any portion of Volvo Rents’ fraud claim 18 pertains to any representations that either of the Bosworths made to VFS (which were not 19 proven) and/or any harm that VFS allegedly suffered as a result of the Bosworths’ 20 representations (which was also not proven), the Court has already ruled that Volvo Rents cannot 21 maintain the claim because tort claims are not assignable.10 3. 22 23 Volvo Rents claims that the Bosworths committed fraud by submitting falsified personal financial statements and other financial records in order to induce Volvo Rents to enter 9 24 25 26 27 28 Judgment on Partial Findings. If a party has been fully heard on an issue during a nonjury trial and the court finds against the party on that issue, the court may enter judgment against the party on a claim or defense that, under the controlling law, can be maintained or defeated only with a favorable finding on that issue. The court may, however, decline to render any judgment until the close of the evidence. A judgment on partial findings must be supported by findings of fact and conclusions of law as required by Rule 52(a). 10 See Order Granting Defendants’ Motion to Dismiss Tort Claims (#564), and cases cited therein. Page 28 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 29 of 42 1 into the Franchise Agreements.11 Volvo Rents offered no proof to support this allegation. 2 Indeed, Volvo Rents’ Chief Financial Officer, Evan Brumm, testified that he had no reason to 3 believe that either of the Bosworths falsified any financial information that they submitted to 4 Volvo Rents. 5 4. Next, Volvo Rents contends that the Bosworths committed fraud by However, during their limited, “high level” communications with Volvo Rents prior to the 8 execution of the Las Vegas Franchise Agreement (which makes no mention of any capitalization 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 misrepresenting their initial capitalization of, and/or equity investments into, NRL Rentals.12 7 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 6 requirements), neither of the Bosworths made any representations to Volvo Rents regarding the 10 amount that they would invest in NRL Rentals, Bosworth Nevada Investments, and/or the Las 11 Vegas franchise. Likewise, no officer or employee of Volvo Rents ever informed the Bosworths 12 that either of them was required to invest a specific minimum amount of capital in NRL Rentals, 13 Bosworth Nevada Investments, and/or the Las Vegas franchise. 14 provided “asset-only” financing for the Las Vegas franchise, the Bosworths provided a 15 significant amount of capital for rent, leasehold improvements (including, among other things, 16 paving, fencing, signage, interior improvements, and painting), furniture, fixtures, and other pre- 17 opening improvements and supplies that were required before Volvo Rents would authorize the 18 opening and operation of the Las Vegas franchise. They also provided service and sales trucks 19 for use by the franchise, and they repaid the $435,000.00 Balli Loan that was used to purchase 20 equipment and pay operating expenses for the Las Vegas franchise. Finally, Volvo Rents did not 21 have a capitalization requirement; VFS did. 22 5. Moreover, because VFS Volvo Rents also claims that Dwight committed fraud by representing that he 23 deposited $149,000.00 into NRL San Antonio “in order to induce VFS” to provide additional 24 funding for equipment for the San Antonio franchise, then withdrawing the $149,000.00 and 25 transferring it to himself, five of the Marine Quest Defendants, and Kevin Lafferty.13 As an 26 11 See First Am. Compl. (#127) at ¶ 169(a). 27 12 Id. at ¶ 169(b). Id. at ¶ 169(c). 13 28 Page 29 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 30 of 42 1 initial matter, Volvo Rents cannot maintain this portion of its fraud claim because only VFS – 2 not Volvo Rents – provided funding for the purchase of equipment. Moreover, the Bosworths 3 and Balli understood that Volvo Rents only required proof of the $149,000.00 deposit so that 4 Volvo Rents could obtain the first million dollars in VFS funding for the San Antonio franchise. 5 Finally, Volvo Rents never informed either of the Bosworths that they were required to maintain 6 any amount of equity in the NRL San Antonio bank account and/or the San Antonio franchise, 7 nor did it ever direct either of the Bosworths not to transfer (or order the transfer) of any funds 8 from the NRL San Antonio bank account or the San Antonio franchise. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 6. Volvo Rents also contends that the Bosworths committed fraud by 10 misrepresenting the initial capitalization of, and/or equity investments into, NRL San Antonio.14 11 Again, Volvo Rents did not have a capitalization requirement; VFS did. Furthermore, prior to 12 the execution of the San Antonio Franchise Agreement (which makes no mention of any 13 capitalization requirements), neither of the Bosworths made any representations to Volvo Rents 14 regarding the amount that they would invest in NRL San Antonio, NRL Texas, and/or the San 15 Antonio franchise. 16 Bosworths that either of them was required to invest a minimum amount in NRL San Antonio, 17 NRL Texas, and/or the San Antonio franchise. Finally, as was the case with the Las Vegas 18 franchise, Volvo Rents would not have authorized the opening of the San Antonio franchise had 19 the Bosworths not invested a significant amount of money in pre-opening expenses. 20 7. Likewise, no officer or employee of Volvo Rents ever informed the Volvo Rents also claims that the Bosworths and Balli “contrived to maintain two 21 separate books of accounting for customer repair work for the purposes of concealing service 22 revenue, and thus concealing sums owed, and past due, to [Volvo Rents . . . .]”15 However, 23 neither of the Bosworths were involved in the day-to-day management or operations of either of 24 the franchises, nor did either of the Bosworths maintain (or direct Balli to maintain) two separate 25 books of accounting. Furthermore, Balli had to maintain service records in separate computer 26 and QuickBooks files because the V-Rents system only permitted him to record transactions on a 14 Id. at ¶ 169(d). 15 Id. at ¶ 170(a). 27 28 Page 30 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 31 of 42 ‘rent-to-rent’ basis. 2 8. Next, Volvo Rents claims that the Bosworths and Balli “contrived to generate 3 manual invoices for services and equipment . . . thereby concealing service revenue, and thereby 4 concealing sums owed, and past due, to [Volvo Rents.]”16 For the same reasons discussed in the 5 preceding paragraph, Volvo Rents did not prove this portion of its fraud claim. 6 9. Volvo Rents also contends that the Bosworths and Balli “permitted or contrived to (in some instances for over 1 year) on a ‘no rent’ or ‘off the books’ basis, and to conceal said 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 permit related and favored parties to use the financed equipment for substantial periods of time 8 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 7 activities from [Volvo Rents], thereby concealing sums owed, and past due to VFS . . . .”]17 10 Again, the Bosworths had no involvement in the day-to-day management or operations of either 11 of the franchises. Moreover, as previously discussed, any ‘no-rent’ contracts were necessitated 12 by the limitations imposed by V-Rents. In addition, the Bosworths did not use (or direct the use 13 of) any equipment for their own benefit or for the benefit of any of their business enterprises. 14 Indeed, the marinas could not use the equipment because it was not suited to marine use. 15 Finally, after the San Antonio franchise closed, the Bosworths permitted Balli to store certain 16 equipment from the San Antonio franchise because (a) the cost of shipping equipment to Las 17 Vegas was prohibitively expensive; and (b) the marinas to which the equipment was shipped 18 were close to a national auction house. 19 10. Volvo Rents also claims that the Bosworths and the Marine Quest Defendants 20 “made substantial advances of funds of the NRL Entities to themselves, their spouses, and their 21 related entities, including the Marine Quest Defendants, and have taken efforts to conceal said 22 activities from [Volvo Rents], thereby concealing sums owed, and past due, to [Volvo Rents]” by 23 (a) transferring $390,000.00 from NRL Rentals to the D&M Account; and (b) paying unspecified 24 “[p]ersonal obligations, loans, and other obligations . . . with funds of the NRL Entities.”18 25 16 Id. at ¶ 170(b). 17 Id. at ¶ 170(c). 18 Id. at ¶¶ 171(a), (b), and (g). 26 27 28 Page 31 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 32 of 42 into the San Antonio franchise in August 2007. Nevertheless, they obtained (and personally 3 guaranteed) a $400,000.00 loan from Jefferson Bank in August 2007 to fund the purchase of 4 equipment and pay operating expenses for the San Antonio franchise. Immediately after the loan 5 was funded, Balli discovered that a Volvo Rents store was operating across the freeway from the 6 San Antonio franchise. Because Balli and the Bosworths were not interested in having the San 7 Antonio franchise compete with Volvo Rents, Marcel directed Jefferson Bank to transfer the 8 remaining $390,000.00 loan proceeds to Tarrant County, which eventually repaid the loan in full, 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 As to the first allegation, the Bosworths had no obligation to inject any amount of capital 2 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 1 with interest. Accordingly, this portion of Volvo Rents’ fraud claim fails. 10 Volvo Rents did not present any evidence to support the second allegation. 11 11. Volvo Rents also contends that Balli committed fraud by using NRL funds for 12 personal expenses, including purchasing a motor home and a Corvette, paying personal living 13 expenses, and paying personal landscaping expenses, and by concealing such activities from 14 Volvo Rents in order to conceal monies owed to Volvo Rents.19 Volvo Rents did not present 15 evidence to support any of these allegations.20 16 12. Volvo Rents also claims that “[f]unds and assets have been siphoned off NRL 17 Entities and given to Hilary Balli, NRL High Access, LLC, and the R & H.P. Balli Family 18 Trust.”21 Volvo Rents did not present any evidence to support this allegation. 19 13. In addition, Volvo Rents contends that “the defendants” committed fraud by 20 “develop[ing] a false and fictitious customer, i.e. ‘L & M Contractors,’ which they reported on 21 their books, and under which they would falsely and fraudulently identify financed equipment as 22 being rented. L & M does not exist and is a fraudulent vehicle by which defendants would ‘hide’ 23 equipment so as to avoid accruing obligation and payment to [Volvo Rents.]”22 Again, the 24 Bosworths had no involvement in the day-to-day operations or management of either of the 19 25 Id. at ¶¶ 171(c), (d), (e), and (f). 20 26 These allegations were included in Volvo Rents’ First Amended Complaint, but were not tried because Balli filed for bankruptcy during the course of litigation. 27 21 28 22 Id. at ¶ 171(h). Id. at ¶ 172(a). Page 32 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 33 of 42 1 franchises. Likewise, the Bosworths did not have any involvement in the creation or utilization 2 of L & M Contractors. Rather, Balli created that account because of the limitations imposed by 3 the V-Rents system. 4 14. Finally, Volvo Rents claims that “Defendants” falsely booked certain equipment 5 as rented to Heisel’s and Equipment Solutions. Neither of the Bosworths had any involvement in 6 any transactions involving Heisel’s or Equipment Solutions. 7 15. In sum, Volvo Rents failed to prove any portion of its fraud claim against Dwight, 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 Marcel, either of their spouses, any of the Marine Quest Defendants, Bosworth Farms, NRL San 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 Antonio, and/or any of the Bosworths’ other business ventures. 10 Negligence (Thirteenth Claim for Relief). 11 16. To make out its negligence claim, Volvo must demonstrate that Defendants owed 12 Volvo a duty, that they breached that duty, causation, and damages. See Scialabba v. Brandise 13 Constr. Co., 112 Nev. 965, 921 P.2d 928 (Nev. 1996). 14 17. 15 negligence claim. 16 18. 17 Negligent Misrepresentation (Fourteenth Claim for Relief). 18 19. None of the Defendants owed any duties to Volvo that might give rise to a Accordingly, Volvo’s negligence claim fails as a matter of law. A claim for negligent misrepresentation requires proof that (1) a defendant, in the 19 course of an action in which he has a pecuniary interest, did not exercise reasonable competence 20 or care in obtaining or communicating information to the plaintiff; (2) the plaintiff reasonably 21 relied on such information; and (3) as a result, the plaintiff suffered damages. See Barmettler v. 22 Reno Air, Inc., 114 Nev. 441, 956 P.2d 1382 (Nev. 1998). 23 20. Between fall 2004 (when Balli asked the Bosworths to invest in the Las Vegas 24 franchise) and mid-October 2008 (when Volvo Rents audited both franchises), the Bosworths 25 had very few communications with any officers or employees of Volvo Rents. None of Volvo 26 Rents’ witnesses identified any misrepresentations made to Volvo Rents by either of the 27 Bosworths during any of those communications. 28 21. Accordingly, this claim also fails as a matter of law. Page 33 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 34 of 42 1 Unjust Enrichment (Fifteenth Claim for Relief). 2 22. “Unjust enrichment is the unjust retention of a benefit to the loss of another, or the 3 retention of money or property of another against the fundamental principles of justice or equity 4 and good conscience.” The essential elements of unjust enrichment “are a benefit conferred on 5 the defendant by the plaintiff, appreciation by the defendant of such benefit, and acceptance and 6 retention by the defendant of such benefit.” Topaz Mut. Co., Inc. v. Marsh, 839 P.2d 606, 7 613 (Nev. 1992) (citations omitted). 8 23. To the extent that this claim has been asserted against Marcel and/or Dwight, the 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 Court has already adjudicated this claim in favor of the Bosworths and against Volvo (#564). To 10 the extent that this claim is asserted against any of the entity defendants against which judgment 11 has been entered, Volvo may not recover on this claim. See Menalco v. Buchan, 2010 WL 12 428911 at *30-31 (D. Nev. 2010) (plaintiff may not recover on both breach of contract and 13 unjust enrichment claims). 14 24. Volvo Rents (which did not provide any equipment or financing to either of the 15 franchises) did not demonstrate that it conferred a benefit on any of the remaining Defendants. 16 Therefore, this claim also fails as a matter of law. 17 Conversion (Seventeenth Claim for Relief). 18 25. Conversion is a “distinct act of dominion wrongfully exerted over another’s 19 personal property in denial of, or inconsistent with his title or rights therein or in derogation, 20 exclusion, or defiance of such title or rights.” M.C. Multi-Family Dev., L.L.C. v. Crestdale 21 Assocs., Ltd., 124 Nev. 901, 910-911, 193 P.3d 536, 542-43 (Nev. 2008). It is “an act of general 22 intent, which does not require wrongful intent and is not excused by care, good faith, or lack of 23 knowledge.” Id. at 911, 193 P.3d at 543 24 26. To the extent that this claim is asserted against the Bosworths relative to any 25 personal property of VFS, the Court has already adjudicated this claim against Volvo Rents and 26 in favor of the Bosworths (#564). 27 28 27. To the extent that this claim is asserted against any of the other Defendants relative to any personal property of VFS, the claim fails as a matter of law, as tort claims cannot Page 34 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 Filed 01/04/13 Page 35 of 42 be assigned. See id., and cases cited therein. 2 28. To the extent that this claim is asserted against the Bosworths relative to any 3 personal property of Volvo Rents, Volvo Rents did not demonstrate that either of the Bosworths 4 converted any of its personal property. 5 29. To the extent that this claim is asserted against any of the other Defendants 6 (including, without limitation, Bosworth Farms and/or any of the Marine Quest Defendants) 7 relative to any personal property of Volvo Rents, Volvo Rents did not demonstrate that any of 8 the other Defendants converted any of Volvo’s personal property. 23 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 Civil Conspiracy (Twentieth Cause of Action). 10 30. “An actionable conspiracy consists of a combination of two or more persons who, 11 by some concerted action, intent to accomplish an unlawful objective for the purpose of harming 12 another, and damage results from the act or acts.” Sutherland v. Gross, 105 Nev. 192, 196, 772 13 P.2d 1287, 1290 (Nev. 1989). 14 31. Volvo Rents presented no evidence that any of the Defendants (including either of 15 the Bosworths) engaged in a concerted action with the intent to accomplish an unlawful objective 16 for the purpose of harming Volvo Rents. Accordingly, Volvo Rents’ civil conspiracy claim fails 17 as a matter of law. 18 Alter Ego (Eleventh Cause of Action). 19 32. In order for either of the Bosworths to be liable to Volvo Rents for the $10 million 20 judgment that Volvo Rents obtained against the judgment debtors in this action (#459), Volvo 21 Rents must demonstrate that: (a) The corporation [Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Texas, NRL Rentals, and/or NRL San Antonio] was influenced and governed by the person asserted to be its alter ego; 22 23 (b) There was such unity of interest and ownership that one is inseparable from the other; and 24 25 (c) The facts were such that adherence to the fiction of a separate entity would, under the circumstances, sanction a fraud or promote an injustice. 26 27 28 23 Again, Volvo Rents did not provide any equipment or financing for either of the franchises, so none of the Defendants could have converted any of Volvo Rents’ personal property. Page 35 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 36 of 42 1 Truck Ins. Exch. v. Palmer J. Swanson, Inc., 124 Nev. 629, 635, 189 P.3d 656, 660 (Nev. 2 2008).24 3 33. A court must examine all of the circumstances to determine whether the alter ego 4 doctrine should apply, and no single factor is determinative. Zoran Corp. v. Chen, 110 Cal. Rptr. 5 3d 597, 607 (Cal. Ct. App. 2010). 6 Influence and Governance of Entities. 7 Las Vegas. 8 34. On paper, the Bosworths had the ability to influence and control NRL Rentals and 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 the Las Vegas franchise if they acted in concert because they controlled 2/3 of the membership 10 interests in Bosworth Nevada Investments, which held a majority membership interest in NRL 11 Rentals. In reality, however, Bosworth Nevada Investments did not conduct any business, and 12 the evidence clearly demonstrated that Balli, and not the Bosworths, directed the day-to-day 13 operations and management of NRL Rentals and the Las Vegas franchise. The only evidence 14 that Volvo Rents elicited regarding the Bosworths’ participation in the management of the 15 franchise was related to the Balli Loan, which (a) they had no obligation to repay; and (b) they 16 repaid to protect their relationship with PlainsCapital Bank, not to influence or govern NRL 17 Rentals and/or the Las Vegas franchise. 18 35. Therefore, neither of the Bosworths influenced or governed Bosworth Nevada 19 Investments, NRL Rentals, and/or the Las Vegas franchise. 20 San Antonio. 21 36. Balli was the sole member of Texas Rentals, LLC, the general partner of NRL 22 San Antonio. Thus, the Bosworths were unable to legally control NRL San Antonio. Moreover, 23 the evidence demonstrated that Balli, and not the Bosworths, actually directed the day-to-day 24 operations and management of the San Antonio franchise. The only evidence that Volvo Rents 25 24 26 27 28 Shortly before trial, Volvo Rents filed a choice of law brief (#624) wherein, among other things, it argued that the Court should apply Nevada alter ego law relative to NRL Rentals and Bosworth Nevada Investments, and Texas law relative to NRL Texas and NRL San Antonio. As discussed herein, Volvo Rents did not prove that the Bosworths are liable for any wrongdoing, which is a threshold to imposing alter ego liability. Therefore, regardless of whether Texas or Nevada law is applied, Volvo Rents cannot prevail on its alter ego claim. As such, this order does not contain a detailed analysis of Texas alter ego law. Page 36 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 37 of 42 1 elicited regarding the Bosworths’ participation in decision-making for the franchise was related 2 to the $400,000.00 Jefferson Bank loan, which (consistent with the Bosworths’ express intention 3 to act solely as silent partners/investors) was intended to be used for an additional infusion of 4 capital to fund the San Antonio franchise. Marcel transferred the loan to Tarrant County only 5 after learning that Volvo Rents had opened a competing store. 6 7 37. Antonio, and/or the San Antonio franchise. 8 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 Thus, neither of the Bosworths influenced or governed NRL Texas, NRL San Unity of Interest and Ownership. 38. “[T]he following factors, though not conclusive, may indicate the existence of an 10 alter ego relationship: (1) commingling of funds; (2) undercapitalization; (3); unauthorized 11 diversion of funds; (4) treatment of corporate assets as the individual’s own; and (5) failure to 12 observe corporate formalities.” LFC Mktg. Group, 115 Nev. at 904, 8 P.3d at 847. In other 13 words, among other things, courts examine those factors in analyzing whether there is a 14 sufficient “unity of interest and ownership” to impose alter ego liability. Polaris Indus. Corp. v. 15 Kaplan, 103 Nev. 598, 601, 747 P.2d 884, 886 (1987) (citing N. Arlington Med. Bldg., Inc. v. 16 Sanchez Constr. Co., 86 Nev. 515, 471 P.2d 240 (1970)). 17 39. 18 19 The foregoing factors are analyzed in greater detail below. Commingling of Funds. 40. At first glance, the NRL Rentals bank records may appear to demonstrate that 20 funds were freely transferred between NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, the D&M Account, 21 and/or the bank accounts of various of the Marine Quest Defendants. However, the bank records 22 do not tell the complete story. The testimony of Balli, Dwight, Marcel, and Tracey Wood- 23 Sanford revealed that NRL Rentals and NRL San Antonio gave numerous promissory notes for 24 short-term loans that were advanced by the D&M Account and various of the Marine Quest 25 Defendants, that the funds were used for operating expenses and equipment purchases for the 26 franchises, and that most of the notes were paid in full by the borrowers. Moreover, NRL 27 Rentals, NRL San Antonio, the Bosworths, and certain of the Marine Quest Defendants 28 maintained separate bank accounts. Furthermore, the D&M Account was not, as Volvo alleged, Page 37 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 38 of 42 they have an interest. Rather, it was a holding account that the PlainsCapital Bank and the 3 Marine Quest Defendants’ independent accountants recommended that the Bosworths open to 4 facilitate transactions involving the Marine Quest Defendants. Finally, all of the transfers of 5 funds between NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio, on the one hand, and the D&M Account or 6 any of the Marine Quest Defendants, on the other, were tracked and/or reconciled by the in- 7 house controller and/or independent accountants for the Marine Quest Defendants. Therefore, 8 Volvo Rents did not demonstrate that the Bosworths or any of the Marine Quest Defendants 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 a “slush fund” or “personal piggy bank” for the Bosworths and/or any of the entities in which 2 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 1 improperly commingled any of their funds with any funds of NRL Rentals and/or NRL San 10 Antonio. 11 12 Capitalization. 41. In making a determination as to whether an entity was undercapitalized, “courts 13 focus on the initial capitalization: whether a corporate entity was or was not set up for financial 14 failure.” In re BH S&B Holdings LLC, 420 B.R. 112, 136 (Bkrtcy. S.D.N.Y. 2009) (citations 15 and internal punctuation omitted). 16 42. Furthermore, “[u]ndercapitalization, where it is clearly shown, is an important 17 factor in determining whether the doctrine of alter ego should be applied. However, in the 18 absence of fraud or injustice to the aggrieved party, it is not an absolute ground for disregarding 19 a corporate entity.” North Arlington Med. V. Sanchez Constr., 86 Nev. 515, 522, 471 P.2d 240, 20 244 (Nev. 1970). 21 22 Las Vegas. 43. Although the Bosworths did not invest money directly into Bosworth Nevada 23 Investments, they invested a significant amount of money into the Las Vegas franchise for the 24 benefit of Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Rentals, and/or the franchise, including, without 25 limitation, funds for franchise fees, rent, leasehold improvements, fixtures, computer equipment, 26 equipment wash racks, and service equipment for which VFS did not provide financing. 27 28 44. The Bosworths also provided numerous pieces of equipment to establish the rental inventory for the Las Vegas franchise because the franchise opened and began operating Page 38 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 Filed 01/04/13 Page 39 of 42 approximately 3 months before VFS provided financing for equipment. 45. Moreover, the Bosworths caused certain of the Marine Quest Defendants and the 3 D&M Account to fund numerous short-term loans to assist NRL Rentals in making payroll and 4 purchasing additional rental equipment. 5 46. Finally, even though they had no obligation to do so, the Bosworths paid off the 6 $435,000.00 Balli Loan, all of the proceeds of which were utilized for operational expenses and 7 equipment purchases. 8 47. Accordingly, the Las Vegas franchise was not “set up for financial failure.” 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 10 San Antonio. 48. Similarly, Volvo Rents would not have approved the opening and/or operation of 11 the San Antonio franchise had Volvo Rents’ location, branding, appearance, and other pre- 12 opening requirements been met. The Bosworths assisted in meeting those requirements by 13 providing capital to the San Antonio franchise and/or NRL San Antonio for expenses including 14 franchise fees, rent, leasehold improvements, fixtures, and service equipment. 15 49. Moreover, the San Antonio franchise required an infusion of rental equipment in 16 order to operate for 6-7 months prior to VFS issuing its first credit advance. The Bosworths 17 provided some or all of that equipment. 18 50. In addition, although they had no obligation to do so, the Bosworths obtained (and 19 personally guaranteed) the $400,000.00 loan from Jefferson Bank with the intent of funding 20 operational expenses and purchasing additional equipment for the San Antonio franchise. 21 Marcel directed that the loan be transferred to Tarrant County only after he learned that Volvo 22 Rents had opened a store across the freeway from the San Antonio franchise location. 23 24 51. “set up for financial failure.” 25 26 Therefore, like the Las Vegas franchise, the San Antonio franchise was also not Unauthorized Diversion of Funds. 52. Volvo Rents did not present any evidence to support its contention that either of 27 the Bosworths used any funds of any of the NRL entities for their own benefit, for their spouses’ 28 benefit, or for the benefit of Bosworth Farms or any of the Marine Quest Defendants. Page 39 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 2 Filed 01/04/13 Page 40 of 42 Treatment of Corporate Assets as the Bosworths’ Own. 53. All of the transactions between the NRL entities, on the one hand, and the D&M conducted at arm’s length. Moreover, the marinas that stored equipment from the San Antonio 5 franchise did not use any of the equipment that Balli delivered after the franchise closed, nor 6 could they: the construction equipment that was transferred was not suitable for marine use. 7 Finally, neither of the Bosworths used any franchise assets for their own benefit, nor did they 8 direct Balli or any employee of either of the franchises to utilize any franchise assets for the 9 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 Account, Bosworth Farms, and/or any of the Marine Quest Defendants, on the other, were 4 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 3 benefit of their spouses, Bosworth Farms, or any of the Marine Quest Defendants. 10 54. Thus, Volvo Rents did not present any evidence to support its contention that the 11 Bosworths, Bosworth Farms, and/or any of the Marine Quest Defendants treated any assets of 12 NRL Rentals or NRL San Antonio as their own. 13 14 Corporate Formalities. 55. Bosworth Nevada Investments, NRL Rentals, NRL Texas, and NRL San Antonio 15 were each organized in accordance with the laws of the state in which they were organized 16 (Bosworth Nevada Investments and NRL Rentals in Nevada, and NRL Texas and NRL San 17 Antonio in Texas). Moreover, although they did not conduct formal meetings or keep formal 18 meeting minutes for any of the entities other than Bosworth Nevada Investments, the Bosworths 19 and Balli conducted regular telephonic meetings to discuss the business of the franchises for 20 which the entities were organized. Furthermore, neither NRL Rentals nor NRL San Antonio nor 21 NRL Texas shared offices or employees with Bosworth Farms or any of the Marine Quest 22 Defendants. Finally, all of those entities and each of the Bosworths filed separate tax returns, 23 and NRL Rentals, NRL San Antonio, and each of the Bosworths maintained separate bank 24 accounts. 25 56. 26 27 28 All of the entities at issue sufficiently observed corporate formalities. Fraud or Injustice. 57. The Nevada Supreme Court has determined that “the corporate cloak should not be lightly thrown aside, and . . . the alter ego doctrine is an exception to the general rule Page 40 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 Filed 01/04/13 Page 41 of 42 1 recognizing corporate independence.” LFC Mktg. Group, Inc. v. Loomis, 115 Nev. 896, 903-04, 2 8 P.3d 841, 846 (Nev. 2000). 3 58. In addition, “[t]he alter ego doctrine does not guard every unsatisfied creditor of a 4 corporation but instead affords protection where some conduct amounting to bad faith makes it 5 inequitable for the corporate owner to hide behind the corporate form.” Sonora Diamond Corp. 6 v. Sup. Ct., 99 Cal. Rptr. 2d 824, 836 (Cal. Ct. App. 2000). 7 59. In short, “[a]lter ego is an extreme remedy, sparingly used.” Id. 8 60. The fact Volvo Rents is liable to VFS in the approximate principal amount of $10 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 9 million does not make either of the Bosworths liable to Volvo Rents merely because the 10 Bosworths had direct or indirect ownership interests in certain of the judgment debtor entities. 11 Rather, Volvo Rents must demonstrate that a fraud or injustice would be promoted if the 12 Bosworths were not found to be the alter ego(s) of one or more of those entities. 13 61. As discussed above, none of the customary factors that courts analyze in 14 determining whether to assign alter ego liability weighs in favor of Volvo Rents. Indeed, Volvo 15 Rents did not demonstrate that either of the Bosworths engaged in any wrongdoing whatsoever. 16 Therefore, the Court need not engage in a detailed discussion as to fraud or injustice. 17 Additional Considerations. 18 62. In addition to the foregoing, Volvo Rents’ conduct must be taken into account 19 when assessing fault for the failure of the San Antonio: without seeking or obtaining the 20 permission of NRL San Antonio, Volvo Rents opened a store across the freeway from the San 21 Antonio franchise, which caused the Bosworths and Balli to close the franchise because they had 22 no interest in competing with Volvo Rents within NRL San Antonio’s exclusive franchise 23 territory. 24 63. Furthermore (as Natwick and Moore conceded), the impact of the Great 25 Recession on the failure of the Las Vegas franchise cannot be ignored. The construction industry 26 in Las Vegas all but disappeared in late 2007/early 2008. In all likelihood, no amount of the 27 Bosworths’ capital would have saved the franchise, the success of which was directly related to 28 the viability of the construction industry. Page 41 of 42 Case 2:09-cv-00032-JCM-VCF Document 647 1 64. Filed 01/04/13 Page 42 of 42 Volvo Rents did not present any evidence to demonstrate that either of the 2 Bosworths engaged in any conduct that would sanction the imposition of alter ego liability. 3 Therefore, the Court need not conduct a “reverse veil-piercing” analysis to determine whether 4 any of the Marine Quest Defendants, Bosworth Nevada Investments, and/or Bosworth Farms 5 is/are the alter ego(s) of the Bosworths, or either of them.25 6 7 JUDGMENT IS ENTERED AS FOLLOWS: Based on the foregoing Findings of Fact and Conclusions of Law, Plaintiff shall take nothing by suit. 2300 WEST SAHARA AVENUE, SUITE 1000 • LAS VEGAS, NEVADA 89102 PHONE (702)873-4100 • FAX (702) 873-9966 JUDGMENT IS FURTHER ENTERED AS FOLLOWS: Defendants may make a 9 McDONALD • CARANO • WILSON LLP 8 motion for attorneys’ fees, if appropriate, and demand costs as provided for under the Federal 10 Rules of Civil Procedure, and any other applicable rule or statute. Dated: February 8, 2013. ____________________. 11 12 ________________________________ UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 13 14 Approved as to form and content: 15 17 ____________________________ James T. Kilroy, Esq. Brian P. Gaffney, Esq. 18 Attorney for Plaintiff Volvo Construction Rents, Inc. 16 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 25 28 Volvo Rents did not present any evidence to support any of its claims against NRL High Access, LLC, Vegas Rents, and/or Chavez. Page 42 of 42