-LRL Dinicola v. West Coast Consulting LLC et al, No. 2:2008cv01209 - Document 179 (D. Nev. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER Denying 130 Motion for Reconsideration; Granting in part and Denying as Moot in part 131 Motion to Dismiss; Granting in part and Denying as Moot in part 132 Motion to Strike; Denying as Moot 134 Motion to Dismiss; Granting 166 MOTION to Extend Time to File an Opposition; Granting 172 Motion to Extend Time to File and Opposition; Granting in part and Denying in part 160 Motion for Summary Judgment; and Granting 163 Motion to Set Aside Default of Regina Wilson; filed by Stephen Lothlorien. Signed by Judge Robert C. Jones on 12/27/10. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - MMM)
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' v k . $ % FL D IE B C IE E EV D E NTERE: CEBVE ON D CISIATS)RCR ONEF I ( EQI J -FE F I / ! 1 2EC 2 7 21 00 2 3 ' CEITSDSFIT6U1 LDKUITORC O lR RCITNVADA i S U 2 Y: 4 DESU W 5 6 UNI TED STATES DI STRI CO U RT CT ? DI STRI OF NEVADA CT E ' 8 S E H NL T L IN T P E O HORE , I P ntif, lf ai 9 . 2: c 120908- vRCJLRL , 1 0 11 V, O RD ER EASTRI DGE PERSONNEL O F LAS VEGAS 1 dba EASTR I E I 2 DG NFO TEC H,U NI TED BROTHERHOOD O F CARPENTQRS AND AN 1 JO I 3 NERS OF AM ERI A ? BRI C . BORYSEW I HIBETH BORYSEW I HS C C 1 R EG I W I N ,RO E CO R PO RATI NS 4 NA LSO O IX, - and DO ES IX, j5 Def endant s. l6 1 7 ( Cu r t beor t eCoura et ef lwig mot s:a) inf rRe on i r t o renl f e h y t r h ol n o i ( Mot o c sde a i f on o on 1 Or r Moton t Di i Thid Am ended Compl ntand Moton t Di s Re- t ed 8 der e: i o sm ss r ai i o smis En er 1 Sec dAme de Compan ( 30 .b Mot nt DimisThr Amen dCo ait #1 1 9 on n d lit#1 ) ( ) i o s s id , o de mpl n ( 31 ; ) -LRL Dinicola v. West Coast Consulting LLC et al Doc. 179 2 ()Mot t Stie ( 32 ;( Mo i t DimisPl nis Te t an Ei t n h Ca s o 0 è i o r #1 ) d) t o s s ait f' n h d ghee t u es f on k on f 21 Actonwihi t ThidAmendedCompl nt#134)( Motonf Summar i t n he r ai ( ;e) i or yludgmen ( t#16U) ; 2 a d ()Mo i t Se AsdeDef to Regn W i on( 63) 2 n f t o t i on aut f ia l #1 . s 23 The Cour hear or ar t d al gumenton t motons on Dec ber3,2010. he i em 2 4 25 BACKGROUND Thi c i tal i vedt separ e-ingpl ntfs, ephen Lot orenand Ri d s ase nii l nvol wo y at fl i ai if St hl i char 26 Di col Afert fl ofsever oft pendi motons,Di c a v unt i di i ni a. t he ing i al he ng i niol ol arl sm ssed al y l ' 27 ofhi cl m s agai tt r s ai ns he emai ng def ni endant-Easti Per s rdge sonnel LasVegas,I dba of nc. 2 Ea ti e I o e hTe h lgy(Ea tig ) Uni d Br t r oo o Capener a d J ier 8 sr dg nft c c noo ' srd en, t o he h d f r t s n on s i e ofAmerca(UBC',BranBor ewi Bet Bor i u ' i ) ys ch, h ysewi and Regi W i ch, na l ( Notceof son. See i Dockets.Justia.com J 1 Vol t yDimis l #1 5).L hl in i t e ony paitfr mann unar s s a ( 5 ) ot or s h l l ni e iig. e f L t or n e t r d it a Pr f s i l r ie Agr emen (PSA' wi W e tCoa t o hl i n e e no e o e sona Se vc s e t' ' t s ' ) h s Co ut LL (W CC' t ou hs c mp y Lme en e Te n og Parn s, L C ns lng, C u i ' hr gh i o an i r c ) ch ol y ter L (Ven r) ( Mo .or mma yJ dg tEx B ( 617)a 2) Th PSA icu dt e u do '. See tf Su r u men , h. #1 - t . e n lde h f l ng pr si ol owi ovi ons: W CC desr t have v ies o endorf nih i di duqlem poyees and/ idependent ur s n vi l or n c r t / ontac prconsul sofvendorwho ar quali c put / a pr essonal t aqt e l ed om erdat of i s f ( a h au on ul tt c ncint o W CC ( a h, H l f)f r h p p s e c q c s t u o edai l s f an e e c a ci ' o t e ur o e en , 8 9 ofperbrnig pr esqi c put consuli and pr am m i ser ces . . l q n of onal om er tng ogr ng vi as descrbed i a s l ofw rten Pur l n eres i t chase O r s appr der oved by W CC ... ii u dert d a d j e d t tVen i anidep d tc ta t a d aI ts n soo n gre ha dors n en en onrcor n I Cons t s ar elher empl ulant e t oyees of Vendor or ar i , e ndependeqt . 1 0 Contact s consul of Vendor Such consul s shal r ai v r or / t ant . t ant l em n endors ' ' l1 empl ees,agent orsub cpntact j f al pur es and shal notf any oy s r or or l pos l or pur posebe consder W CC' orcl ' empl i ed S i s ent oyees, agent or c r or s sub ontact s. r 1 2 kohn c nai di ti a e '' ig o t ne n hs gremen s alb c srcedt i ytee itnc t t h l e on tu t o mpl h xse e ) 1 3 r at s p b t en v d a d/ ra o is (ilp r on liJo t on el i hi e we en or n o ny f t sc e s alsc n he e on ' : o ajit e tr,on e ly ro picpea da e t r mpo e/mpo e f on v nue jit mpo e, r r il n g n o e ly r ly e n e 1 4 hand and W CC orcl on t ot ,and neihervendor W CC n cl shal i ent he her t , or i ent l have any rght poweroraut i t cr e any obl i expr ori i i , hort o eat y i on, gat ess mpl ed, on behal oft ot . f he her 1 5 l ihi agr me c si t te e i agr me bewe te p t s wi s ee nt on tues h nte ee nt t en h are t t r i h r dt t egar o hesesubj tmater and noot agr ec t s her eement st ement pr se s, at j, omi orpr i bet actce ween orr atng t t subj tmaters lbe bi ng on t el i o he ec t hal ndl he lr0hths ge met yb cagdolb awie a nmetind abt T iats nma e hne ny y rtn med ns e yts h pr e i .e i e r t g , (d. 3 4) The PSA icud an l ep d tCo r corAgr emen be we W CC a I at - . n l ed nd en en nta t e t t en nd Li rnc an n dL hoina tec nrcor teprj tor ey r t ngJl 1 mee e d ame otfre s h o ta t on h oec f on ea sadi ty 0, l i s n he r e Easti 20 , d e ig J l 1 , 07 fd at .The clent i t contactwer UBc/ rdge. 06 an ndn uy 6 20 . l . 7) 21 ( e Mot f Summar J dg t Ex A ( 612)a 26 28) Se .or y u men , h. #1 - t - . DI SCUSSI ON De endan s' ton f Re f t Mo i or consder ton ( 3 l a i #1 0) Def endant UBC, i Bor s Bran ysewi Bet Bor ch, h ysewi and Regi W is ( l iel ch, na lon col v y ect ' andant ' have fl a moton f r ' Def s' ) i ed i or econsi at oft or r di t Moton t der i on he der egar ng he i o he i o sm ss he Dimis te ( op ed)Thr Amen d Compl n ( 78)and t Moton t Di i t s s h pr os i d de ait # Re En e e Sec d Amen d Compl n ( 0 .Deen t mak f ra gu t Fist - t r d on de ait #1 4) f dans e ou r mens. r , 28 2 1 Def endant assed t t s Cour ered,pur s hat hi t r suantt t l of he case doc rne, o he aw t ti because t s hi 2 CoursMa c 31, 0Or er#1 ) er tn L t lr t pu s ehsf der cai a is t rh 201 d ( 26 p miig o ho i o r u i e al l ms gan t ' t en 3 UBC i i on it n wi te Co t J y21 200 Or r( 4 dimisngDiioasie ia s nc sse t t h ur' ul , 9 de / 9) s s i nc l' d nt l h s / c 4 f al ai sagai UBC.Second, endant ass that heypr ousl mov t di i eder cl m nst Def s er t t evi y ed o sm ss 5 L hl in' 23r c us o aci f rrt l t u er ot or s d a e f t o e ai i nd NRS j61 31 b t otsta t eCou t e on a on 3. 0, u n e h t h r 6 di notr e on t s cl m . Thid,Def d ul hi ai r endant ar t t s Cour shoul r s gue hat hi t d econsi is r i der t ulng 7 and di ist Pl nt f , causesofactonf r and def sm s he ai i s f i orfaud amaton bec i ause Pl ntfsdi not ai if d I I 8 al t l hese causes wih t padiul i r r underFed. Ci P. Fourh, endant ege t he c art equied y R. V. 9. t Def s ' 9 ass tt t Coud shoul 'econsderand di ss t bal er hat he d r i smi he ance ofPl nt f 'r ai ng ai i s em ni f ' 1 cl ms'becaus Pl ntfs onl mak concl or al 0 ai ' e ai if y e us y l i egatons. ' 11 A mot t r onsi m us setf i o ec der on t odh q some val r i eason wh t cour shoul d y he t d 1 : 1 r 2 econsi is pror deci on'and set 'orh f t or l of a s r y c der t i si ' f t ac s aw t ongl onvi ng nat e t nci ur o 1 per 3 suade t cour t r se is prordeci on, Fr e v.Unied St est256 F. he t o ever t i si ' asur ' t at Supp. 2d 1 1180,1183( Nev. 4 D. 2003)Rec der i i appr i e it sCour $1)i pr t wih . onsi at s on oprat f hi t1 s esened t ( 1 n wl dic v ede ien e,( c te ceareroro teiia de ii wasma fsl 5 e y s o er vd c 2) ommi d l r r h nt l cson t i ni t ey 1 1 unj , ( it ei ani ereni changei contoli I ' Sch. stNo.I ? Ac 6 ustor 3)f her s nt v ng n r l aw. ng ' Di . J . ands, 1 / ,5 F. 1255,1263 ( h Ci.1993) f moton f r 7 nc. 3d 9t r .< A i or econsi aton i notan avenue t der i s o 1 r li e t same i 8 e-igat he t ssues and ar gument uponwhi t cour aleady has r ed. Br v. s ch he t r ul ' own ' 1 1 Kir s Gol,U. A.37 F. pp. 1 80,1 8 ( Ne 200 . 9 n os d S. , 8 Su 2d 2 28 D. v. 5) 20 ' Her t Def e,he endant shave not es ed t Cour w ih anynewl scover evi pr ent he t t ydi ed denc e 21 oran i er ng change i c r l l .The Cour fnds t t Def nt veni n ontol ng aw i ti hat he endant have notset s 22 f t anystongl convi ngf sorl t icom m it cl erori is i t decsi The orh r y nci act aw hatt ted ear r n t nial i on. i 23 l oft c docti appl onl o i i cas and, t aw he ase rne i es yt dent cal es alhough Lot oren and Di col s hl i ni a' 24 cases ar si i , hey ar noti i . See Unied St es ?,RealPr p.Locat atI i e ml t ar e dent cal t at o ed ncl ne 2 Vi.9 6F. pp. 3 1 53( Ne . 997 ( pann t a lw o t ec ed tie' en al 5 I' 7 su 1 27, 3 D. v 1 )ex liig h ta fh as ocrn ' er l I g y 2 pr udes a c t r r 6 ecl our fom econsi ig an i dern ssue t has aleady been deci i t i i hat r ded n he dentcal 27 case,ei by t s t her he ame coud ora superorcouf ) Addii l t Cour fnds t i , tonal he y, t i hat 28 Def endant herar sot gument eanatemptor lt e t sam eisuesandar ent upon sar t t e-ii gat he s gum s 3 $ . I ' 1 s ! 1 whih t s Cour aleady has r ed. Accor ngl t Cour deni t Moton f c hi t r ul di y, he t es he i or 2 Reconsi aton( der i #130) . 3 1. l Defndan s Motoni Dimis( 31 an Motont Stie( 3 e t ' i o s s #1 ) d l o rk #1 2) 4 Def endant fl a m oton t di s t f l ng cai s i t Thid Am ended s i e i o smis he ol owi l m n he r 5 Compl nt( ai #129) ( aIofDi col sr ni sat l cl ms'( Lot oren' 1 hcause : a) I ni a' emai ng t'e aw ai , b) hl i s 6t 6 ofactonunderNRS b 613. ( Di col s 1 hcabse ofacton;and ( alr er i 310;c) ni a' 8t i d) Ief encest o 7 cl m s underspecii Nevada Revi St ut pur ai fed sed at es suantt t s Cour' Mar 31,2010 o hi t s ch 8 or denl Def endant m ove t s rke Di c a' 1 h cause ofac i and t sti aIr er es s o ti niol s 8t ton o rke I ef enc 9 t specii NRS pr si o fed ovi ons. 1 0 The Coud deni t m oton t di s and t moton t sti as m ootwih r es he i o smis he i o rke t espect l1 t Di col s cl m s bec o ni a' ai ause Di c a v unt i di i ni ol ol arl sm ssed aI ofhi cl m s. The Cour al y I s ai t so 1 deni t mot t di i Lot oren' 16t c 2 es he i o sm ss hl i s h ause ofact undert Thid Amended on i on he r 1 Com pl ntas m ootbec 3 ai ause L hl i vol arl sm i ot oren unt i ydi ssest scl m i af t hi ai n orhcom i m oton. ng i 1 4 15 1 6 1 7 ( PIsOp t Mo .or mmar d See . p o tf Su ' ylu gmen ( 7 a 1 ,Ad ii al ,nI h o t i Co s t#1 4) t ) dt l i i t f hs ud' on y g pr ous or ( evi der #126) t Cour gr s t moton t di ss r er , he t ant he i o smi 'ef ences t cl ms arsi o ai i ng underNRS jj 613. and 608. ets i t Thid Amended Compl nt ( Thid 030 100 eq n he r ai . See r AmendedCompl nt( ai #129)at2) Thi Cour alo gr sDef . s t s ant endant motont s rkecai s' i o ti l ms 1 and al 8 l i r er ng t e s at es. egatons ef enci hes t ut 1 11 9 1. East i r dge' M oton t D i l Pl ntf s'Tent & El eent Causes of Act on s i o sm ss al if h ght h i 2 0 wihi t e Thid Amende Compl n ( 3 tnh r d ai t #1 4) 21 Def endant Easti rdge m ov t di m i s Lot oren' 10t c es o s s hl i s h ause of ac i f age ton or 22 di crm i i and D i col s 18t cause ofact s i naton ni a' h i on. 23 TheCour deni t sm oton asmootbec t es hi i ause L hl i vol arl sm i ot oren unt i ydi ssed hi 10t s h 24 causeofact f age di i nat i af t i or on scrmi i n orhcomi moton,( PI' Opp.t Mot on ng i see . s o . 25 26 II nt e p e iu or r t i Courdimis d Pl n i ,cai u de NRS j 61 02 h r vo s de ,hs t s s e ait l ms n r #s j 3. 0, 27 613,030,613. 210,608. 040,and 608. 00 bec 1 ause t st ut di notpr de f prvat he at es d ovi or i e 28 caus ofacton.( Or ( 26)at11) es i See der #1 . 4 j s I I i I I j f Su or mmar Ju gmen ( 7 at1 , d Diiol v u t rf dimis d aI hscams y d t #1 4) ) an nc a oln a i s s e Iof i li . y 2 l V. De endan s' i f Summar Judgmen ( 60 2 f t Moton or y t #1 ) 3 AI oft def I he endant move f summar j s or y udgmentagai tLot oren' r ni ns hl i s emai ng ; 4 C ai s. I suppor oft rm oton,Def lm 3 n t hei i endant atached a c s t opy oft PSA and excer t of he ps I 5 L t lre sde st ( e Motf rSummar J dg t Ex . B ( 61 ) De e dans o ho in' po ion. Se i .o y u men , hs A- #1 ), f n t ' 6 ar t t PSA dem ons r es t no em pl entr atonshi exi t bet een t gue hat he t at hat oym el i p s ed w hem and 7 Pl ntC. ai i ' 8 I r s ns L t lre e pl iydimis scai 9, 0, 3, 6, d 1 ( . Op t n e po e, o ho in x i t s s e l ms 1 1 1 an 7. PIs p.p él ' I 9 Mo .orSummar Ju gmen ( 7 a 12) Lo hor sr s on e o yf c s s o hi 1 t tf y d t #1 4) t - . t l i e p s nl o u e n s 1h en' . I 1 c 0 ause ofacton,Ti e Vl r al i and ar i t l l et i on, at gues t he under ood t he was * em pl hat st hat an oyee 11 ofLi enceoriscl UBc/ rdge. (d at3) Ator ar mer t i ent Easti ' l ' . al gument Lot oren sat t , hl i t ed hat l he di not w ant t di i hi 12t cl m f f aud and m i epr 2 d o sm ss s h ai or r sr esent i under NRS aton 1 j613. 3 010, 1 4 l r viwig a mot f s ne e n i or ummar j d on y u gmen ,hec r c sr est e d c i t t t ou t on tu he vien e n he 15 I mos f abl t t nonmovi pary.Bagdadi Nazar 84 F. 1194,1197 ( h Ci, i ght t avor e o he ng t v. , 3d 9t r 1 1 .Pur 6 996) suantoFed. Ci P. ac t lgr summar udgment'fhepl ngs,he t R. V. 56, ourwi ant l yj l t eadi t i 17 1 8 2 Lot oren fl t mot f an ext on oftm e t fl anopposji t he m oton hl i i wo ton ot i ed i or ons ensi i oi e 19 f ors umma yj d n ( 6 1 ) Th Cou gr n sb t e t son . r u gme t #1 6, 72 . e d a t o h xen i s 2 0 3Pu s an t t eThi Ame e Compan ( 29)L t l in' r nn camsar r u to h r d nd d lit #1 , o hor s emaiig li e: e 21 ( if ncn , per 9)n l ig suadi orengagi wor t changefom one pl t anot by f se ue ng, ng ker o r ace o her al 22 r pr s ntt sun rNRS 5 61 01 ,(0)a a r c ds rmiat n un erTie VI a d e e e ai on de 3. 0. 1 ge nd a e ic i n i o d t In l 23 t ADEA . he , 24 25 ( 1)r t l t un er Tie VI a n t Easr 1 e ai i a on d t I gais l ti an UBC,( 2)fau a d dge d 1 r j n mi epr sr esent i underNRS j 613. .( 3)negl hii tai ng,and super si of aton 010, 1 i gent rng, r ni vi on Regi W i ( br na l son, 14) eachoft covenantofgood f t and f rdeal agai tEasti he aih ai i ng ns rdge 26 . , . . and UBC,( 5)br 1 each ofagr eementagai Easrdge and UBC,( r dicrmi i nst ti 16) ace s i naton 27 u erTie Vl an NRS j 61 31 .a ( 7 d f t ( ge r / Thi Amen ed nd t I d l 3. 0, nd 1 ) e ama i See ne a/ r on. y d d 28 C . o ait( 2 , .frSumma yJ d nt#1 0- )at - . mpl n #1 9) Mot o r u gme ( 6 1 2 3) 5 . j dicov y and dicl e m at i s on fl and any afi t show t t e i no genui s er s osur eral i e, fdavis hat her s ne 2 is e a t a ma e ila t dt athe mo an i e t ld t j d s u s o ny t ra f c an h t v ts n ie o u gmen a a mat o Iw. t ts t fa ' er ' 3 F dR. vP, 6c() Maeila t ae' csta mih afc teo to o tes iu d r e . Ci. 5 () . tr fcs r ' t h t g t f th uc me fh ut n e 2 a f a e ï I 4 t gover ng l 'Ander e Li t he ni aw. ' son . beryLobby,/1 , U. 242, lc.477 S. 248,106 S. . Ct 2505, 2510, ' 5 91L. 2d202 ( Ed: 1986) A mat i f i ' . eralacts ' ne'it evi e i sucht ar onabl genui 'f he denc s hat eas e 6 j yc d r ur a ver c f t nonmovi pary. I ur oul et n dit or he ng t d. ' 7 The movi padybear hei tal denofi iyngt pori oft pl ngsand ng st nii bur dentf i he t ons he eadi g evi e t t padybel denc hat he i eves t dem ons r e t abs o tat he ence ofanygenui i ne ssue ofmat i eral 9 fc. Cel e Cop.v Catel477 U. 31 32 1 6 S. ,2 48,2 3, L. 2 26 a t otx r . rf, S, 7, 3, 0 Ct 5 55 91 Ed.d i j ( 98 . On e t movn pa t h p ope l s pp d t e mot , he b d s fst t c 1 6) c he ig ry as r r u ode h y i t ur en hi o he on t 11 nonmovi pary t com e f war wih specii f s showi t a genui i ng t o or d t fc act ng hat ne ssue f ti or ral 1 exi s.M at lhia El I 2 st sbs t ec. ndus.Co.B Zeni Radi Cor , U. 574, . t h o p.475 S. 587,106 S, .1348, Ct l 1356,89 L. 2d 538 ( 3 Ed. 1986) ' mer exi enceofasci iaofevi . The e st ntl l dencei suppor oft n t he 1 pl ntfs posii wi be i fci ;t e mus be evi 4 ai i' f ton l l nsufi ent her t dence on whi t j y coul ch he ur d 15 1 r easonabl fnd f t pl nt fj' Ander y i or he ai i . f son'477 U, at 252, 106 S. .at 2512. The S. Ct . l nonmovi pary cann de eat a moton f su mar j 6 ng t ot f i or m y udgment ' r yi sol y on ' el ng el by 1 1 c ncu or algat su s potdb f tal at ,, T york Lst 80F. 1 40 1 45(t 7 o ls y l i n up re y act d a. a l ' it8 2d 0 , 0 9h e on i , 1 Ci. 98 . en mo igp 8 r1 9) Th on vn adymus 'et ut p icf t s owi ag nun is ef til' ts o s ecf acs h ng e ie s u orr . i a' j 1 Fed. Ci P.56( ( .' her t r or t 9 R. V. e)2) ' e he ec d akenasa whol c d notI a r i ti of W e oul ead atonalrer f t fnd f t nonm ovi pady,t e i no genui isue f ti . M at act o i or he ng her s ne s or ral' sushia' ' t 475 U. S. 20 2 1 at587,106 S. .at 1356. Ct 22 W i r pectt t 1 h and 15t causes ofac i Pl n i has ofer no evi e t es h o he 4t h ton, ait# f ed denc 23 t he had an em pl hat oyment contactwi UBC or Easti r t h r dge. The PSA es abl t i shed t hat 24 Lot orenvi Li ence had anempl hl i a mer oyment r wihW CC.Pl ntf di notpr contact t ai if d oduceany . 25 evi dence t est i t he had an agr o abl hat sh eementwih UBC orEasti i whi t coul t rdge n ch hey d 2 br c Ac or ngy teCou r nt s mmar j d ntor f nd nt o te 1 ha d 1 t 6 ea h. c di l,h dg a s u y u gme f De e a s n h 4t n 5 h 27 Cl m s. ai 28 Undert 11t cl m , ai ifass t a cl m f r alaton underTil VI.UnderTil he h ai Pl nt f ers ai or et i i te I te 6 # j Vl,i i unl ul oru em pl I t s awf f an oyert di rm i e agai tany ofhi empl o sc i nat ns s oyees ,..because z he has opposed any pr i m ade an unl ulem pl act ce awf oymentpr i by t s. hapt ,or act ce hi subc er 3 because he has made a char t ii assi ed,or padi pat i any manner i an ge, estfed, st ci ed n n 4 iv t a i p oc dig, he i u ert i s bc apen' 42 U. C. 2 0 3 a) An n esi t g on, r ee n or ar nd hs u h t ' ng S. j 00 e- ( . 5 ' mpo ee'sa idii al mpo e byane o er 42U. C. 2 e() Anid en t ' ly ' n n vdu e ly d e i mply . S. j 00O f. n ep den 6 c r t i notanempl ontacors oyee.Adcockv Chysercor , F. 1 1292( hCi.1 . . l p.166 3d 2901 9t r 999) 7 I det mi ng whet an i vi i an i n er ni her ndi duals ndependent contacororan empl r t oyeef Til Vl or te I 8 pur poses,t cour shoul eval e uhe hii pady' rghtt contolhe mannerand means he t d uat t rng si o r t 9 bywhi t pr ti acc i 'Murayv. ncpal n. ou I b F. 943, , ch he oduc s ompf shed. r Pn' l Fi Gr p,nc.613 3d ' 945 j (hi21) Defendants have setforth evidence demonstrating thatneitherUBC nor t 9 Cl.00 l t rthis case, . j 11 n I 1 Easti 2 rdge wer Lot oren' em pl e hl i s oyer and t neiher diecty hied hi . The PSA hat t r l r m I 1 dem ons r es t L hl i s diectem pl 3 t at hat ot oren' r oyerw as hi ow n com pany,Li er e,and t s m enc hat $ l l W CC en er i o a ser ce agr 4 t ed nt vi eementwih Li ence. UBC and Easti wer W CC s t mer rdge e 1 cl s.Mor 5 i ent eovert cl t UBc/ rdgel dW CC, i t npai Li enc ( . ,he i s, en Easti pai who n ur d mer e. Mot 1 f Summaf Judgment Exh, ( 61 1)at33) Li encet pai Lot oren.(d..W CC 6 or y , A #1 . mer hen d hl i / ) l di n tpa L t or ' tx s.(d.. 7 d o y ohl i s a e I j en l 8 Pl nt#f l t brngf t anyevi ai i ai o i orh s dencedem onstatngt ei UBC orEas rdgewàs r i hat t her ti 1 hi em pl . l r 9 s oyer n espons Pl nt fonl m ak a c e, ai i f y es oncl y st em entt a under ood usor at hat he st 2 hse ly n t b a ane o e o Lmer nc o i cin , 0 i mpo me t o e s mply e f i e e rt l t UBc/ ti e. ( e PIs s e Easr ' Se . dg ' ' 21 Op t Mo ,or mma yJ d p o tf Su r u gmen ( 7 a 3 .Ho v , ef i t pr ie a e de e t #1 4) t ) we er h al o ovd ny vi nc s 22 t suppor hi assedi Acc di y,t Cour gr s Def o t s on. or ngl he t ant endant m oton f summ ar s' i or y 2 j d n o Pl ni 1 t cl m, 3 u gme t n aitfs 1h ai f 24 The onl r ai ng cl m i Pl ntf' 1 h cl m f r and m i epr y em ni ai s ai i s 2t ai orf aud f sr esent i under aton 25 NRS j613. 0.TheCourfndst Def 01 ti hat endant whoar t t emust anempl s, gue hather be oyee26 empl oyer r atonshi undert st ut have not meett r bur el i p he at e, hei den t demonstat an o r e 27 absenc ofanygenui i ofmat i f .NevadaReviedSt ut j613. 3)pr des e ne ssue eralact s at e 010( ovi 28 a c ause ofac i f r ton or ecover f al dam ages t a wor sust ned 'n cons y or I hat ker ai ' i equence oft he 7 , : ! 1 f se or dec i r esent i al eptve epr at ons,f se advedi ng or f s pr ens used t i al si al e et es o nduce t he 2 w or t change hi or herpl e ofem pl ent orpl e ofabode ...agai any per ker o s ac oym , ac nst son 1 3 o pros croain,cmpne o asc tn drclo idrcl cuigsc r esn, oprt s o ais r soii s i t rni t as uh o ao e y ey n j 4 d amag . Ne Re St t j 61 01 3 .Des i De e ans a s on ,NRS j 61 01 es' v. v. a . 3. 0( ) pt f nd t' s edi s e 3. 0 ' 5 does notr r t e t be an ac ual pl entr atonshi bet een t pari because equie her o t em oym el i p w he t es 6 perons, s agent orc s, ompani maybe I ef i ng t wor .Seei j 613, 04 . es i ornduci he ker abl d. 01 1) , 7 However afer a r ew of t entr r d, t Cour decl , t evi he ie ecor he t i nes t exer Ae o ci i ' : 8 suppl ement j i ci overt s cl m. See 28 U. C,j 1367( ( ( ovi ng t t alursditon hi ai S, c)3) pr di hat he 9 di rc cour may decl t exer se suppl stit t i o ne ci ement j idi i overa cl m it cour has alurs cton ai f he t 1 di ssed aIcl msoverwhi ihasorgi j i ct .Acc di y,he Couddimi 0 smi I ai ch t i nalursdi i on) or ngl t s ssàs 1 Pl nt fs 1 h cause ofacton. No cl m s r ai i t s c 1 ai i f 2t i ai em n n hi ase. 1 V. 2 Moton t SetM i Def tofRegi W ison ( i o de aul na l #163) 1 3 Def endant m ove t s asi Regi W i on' def ton gr s o et de na l s aul s ounds t Pl ntfs f l hat ai if ai ed 1 t S reh r n o tea n e c mpans Plitfidn rs o s .Ac odn l,hs 4 o ev e a y fh me d d o lit. ani fe o e i n e c rigy ti fl 1 Coud gr st moton t setasi def t See Loc R.7- d)(hef l e ofanopposi 5 ant he i o de aul. al 2( t ai ur ng 1 pary t fl poi s and aut ii i r 6 t o i e nt hortes n esponse t any m oton shal c o i l onst ut a consentt t i e t o he 1 gr i oft moton) 7 antng he i . l 8 1 9 CONCLUSI ON Fo t f eg n r as s,T I ORDERED tath Mot f Re on i a in( 30 rhe or oig e on I S h t e i or c sderto #1 ) on 20 i DEN I . s ED 21 I I FURTHER ORDERED t th Mo i t Dimis( 31 a te Mo i t Stie TS ha t e t o s s #1 ) nd h t o r on on k 22 ( #132)ar GRANTED i par and DENI asmooti par, e n t ED n t 23 I I FURTHER O RDERED t t Moton t Di ssPl ntfs' TS hat he i o smi ai if Tent and Ei een h h ght t 2 Ca s o Aci ( 3 i DENI a moo , 4 u es f t #1 4) s on ED s t 25 I I FURTHER O RDEREDt Pl ntf' Motonst Ext Ti o Fi anOpposion TS hat ai i s i o end met l f e t i 2 ( 6 #166,172)ar GRANTED. e 2 7 I I FURTHER ORDERED tat te Mo i f Su T S h h t or mmar J dg nt ( 60) i on y u me #1 s 28 G RANTED i pad and DEN I i par . n ED n t 8 . 1 1 4 . . . ! 1 II F T S URTHER ORDERED tatt e Mo i t Se Asd De auto Re na W i on h h t o t ie f l f gi on l s 2 ( #163)i GRANTED. s 3 4 . DATED : s 27t day ofDecem ber 2010. Thi h , ' . 5 6 1 i 1 . ntdst i ke itit d e sr Ju ge c 7 . 8 9 10 11 1 2 1 3 , 1 4 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 . 28 9