AAA Nevada Insurance Company v. Chau et al, No. 2:2008cv00827 - Document 94 (D. Nev. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER Granting 57 Motion for Summary Judgment. Plaintiffs liability under the insurance policy is fixed at $100,000.00 and Plaintiffs failure to settle within the time limit set by Interveners does not constitute bad faith under Nevada law. Signed by Judge Gloria M. Navarro on 7/14/2010. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - SD)
Download PDF
AAA Nevada Insurance Company v. Chau et al Doc. 94 1 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 2 DISTRICT OF NEVADA 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 AAA NEVADA INSURANCE COMPANY, ) Case No.: 08-cv-00827-GMN-LRL ) ) Plaintiff, ORDER ) ) vs. ) VINH CHAU; LANG CHAU; DOES 1-20; ) ) AND ROES 1-20, inclusive, ) ) Defendants. ) 10 11 INTRODUCTION 12 Before this Court is Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment (Motion, #57). This 13 motion was reinstated for consideration on this Court’s order vacating a previous order, which 14 had improperly concluded that the Court was without jurisdiction. The Court also permitted 15 Interveners to respond to Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment, which they did so in a 16 timely manner. (Response, #82). Plaintiff then filed a timely Reply (Reply, #92). 17 The Court has considered the arguments and pleadings filed by all parties. 18 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED THAT Plaintiff’s Motion for Summary Judgment (#57) is 19 20 21 GRANTED. BACKGROUND Defendant Vinh Chau (“Defendant”) was insured by Plaintiff AAA Nevada Insurance 22 Company (“AAA”) when he was in a car accident with Benjamin Buenaventura, resulting in 23 Buenaventura’s death. Defendant’s policy with AAA included bodily injury liability limits of 24 $100,000 per person and $300,000 per accident. Defendant reported the accident to AAA on 25 November 21, 2006. On December 18, 2006, Kristine Jansen of Christensen Law Office wrote Page 1 of 9 1 to AAA that she represented Clara Buenaventura and Benjamin Buenaventura in a claim for 2 wrongful death against Defendant as a result of the accident. In that letter, counsel for the 3 Buenaventuras stated that her client would settle for the policy limits, provided (1) AAA paid 4 within two weeks and (2) provided proof that those are the only policy limits available to provide 5 compensation for his client. In that correspondence, the Buenaventura’s counsel did not identify 6 all heirs of decedent or lienholders, nor provide a release. AAA spent the next two weeks 7 attempting to contact Jansen to follow up with its questions on these two matters and respond to 8 the offer. It went to the extent of physically visiting his offices, writing a check for the amount, 9 but was unable to get in touch with Jansen. 10 In the months that followed, AAA continued to attempt to settle the offer with Jansen. 11 Finally in April 2007, Christensen Law Office wrote to AAA that its client was no longer willing 12 to settle for the policy limits and alleged that AAA had failed to respond to the policy limits 13 demand. In September 2007, the parties attempting to intervene in this case filed a wrongful 14 death action against Defendant. They seek a judgment of $999,997.00. 15 AAA filed the present complaint in June 2008 for declaratory relief regarding the 16 insurance policy. (#1). In April 2009, Benjamin Buenaventura, Jr., Mark Francis Buenaventura, 17 Fides Palapar, Mary Christine Pangilinan, Laura Buenaventura, Maria Buenaventura, Rosalind 18 Bacus, and Clara Deleon Buenaventura (collectively “the Buenaventuras” or “Interveners”) 19 moved to intervene. (#33). Through a series of motions and orders, this request was granted on 20 April 30, 2010. The Court also considered AAA’s Motion for Summary Judgment (#28) and 21 granted it, but reversed and/or vacated its prior order granting AAA’s motion to file its summary 22 judgment motion under seal (#28). Accordingly, this Court directed AAA to refile its motion for 23 summary judgment with the confidential portions redacted. (#54). AAA did so, filing the 24 present motion for summary judgment under consideration (#57). 25 /// Page 2 of 9 1 2 3 DISCUSSION A. Rule 56 Legal Standard The purpose of summary judgment is to avoid unnecessary trials when there is no dispute 4 as to the material facts before the court. Northwest Motorcycle Ass’n v. U.S. Dep’t of Agric., 18 5 F.3d 1468, 1471 (9th Cir. 1994). Summary judgment is proper if the evidence shows that there 6 is no genuine issue as to any material fact and the moving party is entitled to judgment as a 7 matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c); Celotex Corp. v. Catrett, 477 U.S. 317, 322 (1986). Where 8 reasonable minds could differ on the material facts at issue, summary judgment is not 9 appropriate. Warren v. City of Carlsbad, 58 F.3d 439, 441 (9th Cir. 1995). As summary 10 judgment allows a court to dispose of factually unsupported claims, the court construes the 11 evidence in the light most favorable to the nonmoving party. Bagdadi v. Nazari, 84 F.3d 1194, 12 1197 (9th Cir. 1996). 13 In evaluating the appropriateness of summary judgment, three steps are necessary: (1) 14 determining whether a fact is material; (2) determining whether there is a genuine issue for the 15 trier of fact, as determined by the documents submitted to the court; and (3) considering that 16 evidence in light of the appropriate standard of proof. Id. As to materiality, only disputes over 17 facts that might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law will properly preclude the 18 entry of summary judgment. Factual disputes which are irrelevant or unnecessary will not be 19 considered. Id. Where there is a complete failure of proof concerning an essential element of 20 the nonmoving party’s case, all other facts are rendered immaterial, and the moving party is 21 entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Celotex, 477 U.S. at 323. Summary judgment is not a 22 disfavored procedural shortcut, but an integral part of the federal rules as a whole. Id. 23 The Ninth Circuit recently addressed the propriety of multiple motions for summary 24 judgment. See Hoffman v. Tonnemacher, 593 F.3d 908, 911 (9th Cir. 2010). The court stated, 25 “we now hold explicitly that district courts have discretion to entertain successive motions for Page 3 of 9 1 summary judgment . . . .” Id. As noted by the court, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56 does 2 not limit the number of motions that may be filed. Additionally, “the possibility of summary 3 judgment remains on the table even after the district court has denied a summary judgment 4 motion because that order is ‘subject to reconsideration by the court at any time’” Id. (quoting 5 Dessar v. Bank of Am. Nat’l Trust & Sav. Ass’n, 353 F.2d 468, 470 (9th Cir. 1965)); cf. City of 6 Los Angeles, Harbor Div. v. Santa Monica Baykeeper, 254 F.3d 882, 885 (9th Cir. 2001) (“As 7 long as a district court has jurisdiction over the case, then it possesses the inherent procedural 8 power to reconsider, rescind, or modify an interlocutory order for cause seen by it to be 9 sufficient.” (quoting Melancon v. Texaco, Inc., 659 F.2d 551, 553 (5th Cir. 1981))). It is 10 therefore within the Court’s discretion to consider this renewed motion for summary judgment. 11 B. Analysis 12 Plaintiff seeks declaratory relief as to the applicability of the policy limits in this case. 13 Plaintiff argues that the policy terms are unambiguous and limit recovery to $100,000 for this 14 claim. Further, Plaintiff argues that it did not breach its duty to settle and did not act in bad faith 15 by failing to settle within the arbitrary time set by Interveners’ counsel. Interveners do not 16 dispute the actual policy limits, but argue that there disputed material issues of genuine fact as to 17 AAA’s potential bad faith. Accordingly, due to AAA’s correct and undisputed treatment of the 18 policy limits, it is this Court’s holding that AAA’s policy with the Chau’s is limited by the policy 19 to $100,000.00. This only goes to their contractual liability, however, as the issue of bad faith 20 could give rise to other damages. 21 1. 22 Insurers have a special relationship with its insureds that arises under the implied Bad Faith 23 covenant of good faith and fair dealing. Allstate Insurance Co. v. Miller, 212 P.3d 318, 324 24 (Nev. 2009). This duty does not arise out of contract, but rather the covenant is imposed on 25 insurers by the law. U.S. Fidelity & Guaranty Co. v. Peterson, 91 Nev. 617, 620, 540 P.2d 1070 Page 4 of 9 1 (1975). “A violation of the covenant gives rise to a bad-faith tort claim.” Miller, 212 P.3d at 2 324. Bad faith is “an actual or implied awareness of the absence of a reasonable basis for 3 denying benefits of the [insurance] policy.” Id. (quoting Am. Escess Ins. Co. v. MGM, 102 Nev. 4 601, 605, 729 P2d 1352 (1986)). 5 As recently discussed in Miller, there are duties that stem from the covenant of good faith 6 and fair dealing, which when violated, give rise to claim of bad faith. Id. In particular, there are 7 two general duties that insurers have to their insureds: the duty to defend and the duty to 8 indemnify. Id. These duties then give rise to other duties. The discussion in Miller on this point 9 is instructive: 10 11 12 13 14 15 The duty to defend contains two potentially conflicting rights: the insurer's right to control settlement discussions and its right to control litigation against the insured. 14 Couch on Insurance 3d §§ 200:1, 203:1 (2005). Each of these contractual rights creates additional duties for the insurer. The right to control settlement discussions creates the duty of good faith and fair dealing during negotiations. See Couch, supra, at § 203:1 (stating that the insurer's right to control settlement negotiations may create a conflict of interest between the insurer and the insured, and therefore, the insurer must act in good faith and give the insured's interests equal consideration with its own). The right to control litigation creates the duty to defend the insured from lawsuits within the insurance policy's coverage. Couch, supra, at § 200:1. 16 17 Miller, 212 P.3d at 324–25. Accordingly, an insurance company’s duty to defend, and potential 18 duties that arise under this general duty, “attach[] upon notice of a demand against its insured.” 19 See id. at 325. It ends once the duty has been discharged. Id. at 326. 20 Another duty, which is the object of much of Plaintiffs’ memorandum, is the duty to 21 equally consider its insured’s interests. This stems from the “special relationship between the 22 insured and the insurer, which is similar to a fiduciary relationship.” Id. at 325. Nevada, 23 however, does not hold that the insurance company must place the insured’s interests above the 24 insurer’s interest. Id. at 326. But, “at a minimum, an insurer must equally consider the insured’s 25 interest and its own.” Id. Page 5 of 9 1 A recent case out of this District involves similar facts and is also instructive. In Hicks v. 2 Dairyland Insurance Company, et al., 2:08-cv-1687-RCJ-PAL, 2010 WL 2541175 (March 3, 3 2010). Relevant to this discussion, the Court found that as a matter of law, the defendant’s 4 actions in responding to and handling an underlying, arbitrary demand made by the plaintiff and 5 his attorney Mr. Sampson, did not constitute bad faith. The demand letters in the two cases 6 appear to be identical form demand letters, imposing the same time restrictions and providing the 7 same medical release, but without attaching any medical records or release of liability. 1 In 8 Hicks, the insurance company did not process the demand letter until after the two-week 9 deadline, due to the fact that the claims adjuster was on vacation. However, once the insurer 10 received the claim, it responded to the demand letter and sent out the medical requests the same 11 day. The insurer offered the policy limit within three months of receiving the demand letter. 12 Unlike the instant case, the medical costs incurred were minor at the time the demand letter was 13 sent. Based on these factors, this Court concluded that, as a matter of law, the insurer had not 14 acted in bad faith. The plaintiff could not show an absence of reasonable basis for not complying 15 with the demand letter. 16 While the parties’ briefs in the instant matter are lengthy, the issue is fairly simple: did 17 AAA lack a reasonable basis to not settle in the time period set forth in the demand letter. The 18 answer is clearly no. The following undisputed facts demonstrate this: 19 • Interveners’ counsel made a 2 week "policy limits demand" on behalf of "Clara Buenaventura/Benjamin Buenaventura" for the death of Benjamin Buenaventura (See Ex. C, #57; Hughes Aff., Ex. U, #92). • Repeated attempts were made to solicit the claim/demand and identify the potential claimants for the death of Mr. Buenaventura (i.e., the estate and all heirs), but 20 21 22 23 24 25 1 This is clearly the modus operandi for Interveners’ counsel, Christianson Law Offices. The Court is aware of at least three other cases in which the same demand letter was used, imposing an unreasonable time constraint on their demands for payment was sent by Interveners’ counsel in what appear to be attempts to set up a bad faith claim. See Pasina v. California Casualty Indemnity Exchange, 2:08-cv-01199-RCJ-RJJ; Hicks et al v. Dairyland Insurance Company et al, 2:08-cv-01687-RCJ-PAL; and Farmers Insurance Group v. Hunter et al., 2:09-cv-00206-KJD-RJJ; see also Miller, 212 P.3d at 323 (demanding an interpleader action and then bringing suit alleging bad faith when defendant’s did not promptly comply with the demand). Page 6 of 9 1 Interveners’ counsel’s office refused to respond to Plaintiff’s inquiries. (See Exs. D, E, F, H, I, J, and L, #57; Hughes Aff., #57; Hughes Aff., Ex. U, #92). 2 3 • Plaintiffs informed Defendants of the demand. (See Correspondence from AAA to Vinh Chau dated November 23, 2006, Ex. M, #57; Correspondence from AAA to Vinh Chau dated November 23, 2006, Ex. N, #57; Correspondence from AAA to Vinh Chau dated December 5, 2006, Ex. O, #57; Correspondence from AAA to Vinh Chau dated December 18, 2006, Ex. P, #57; Correspondence from AAA to Vincent Lee dated December 20, 2006, Ex. Q, #57). • The demand on behalf of "Clara Buenaventura/Benjamin Buenaventura" was allowed to expire because Plaintiff could not verify that "Clara Buenaventura/Benjamin Buenaventura" were all of the potential claimants for this death (or even if this included the estate of the deceased) because Interveners’ counsel would not respond to Plaintiff’s inquiries. (See Ex. K, #57; Hughes Aff., #57; Hughes Aff., Ex. U, #92). • After the policy limits demand expired, suit was filed by the Interveners’ counsel not only on behalf of "Clara Buenaventura/Benjamin Buenaventura", but also seven more claimants. (See Ex. R, #57). Those same claimants comprise the Interveners in the instant litigation. 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 As a matter of law, Plaintiff’s actions did not amount to bad faith. Plaintiff clearly had a 14 reasonable basis for their failure to comply with the two-week deadline. 15 Interveners’ argue that there are materially disputed facts regarding the reasonableness of 16 Plaintiff’s actions. Plaintiff recites evidence that AAA’s agents knew the claim was going to 17 exceed the policy limits (see Claim Log Notes, 11/28/2006, Ex. 1, #83); it was twenty-eight days 18 19 after the injury that the demand letter was sent; the testimony of Interveners’ insurance expert, James Mathis (Mathis Aff., Ex. 2, #84); Plaintiff’s decision not to solicit the wrongful death 20 claim (see Claim Log Notes, 11/29/2006 & 12/13/2006, Ex. 1, #83); Plaintiff’s failure to settle 21 within the time allowed by the demand letter; Plaintiff’s alleged failure to keep its insureds 22 informed of settlement; and AAA’s “admission” that there were factual disputes as to the policy 23 24 25 limits. None of this is sufficient to create a genuine dispute of material facts as to whether or not AAA lacked a reasonable basis to comply with the demand letter. Interveners’ demand letter Page 7 of 9 1 was itself unreasonable and appears to be nothing more than an attempt to set up a potential bad 2 faith claim. Accordingly, summary judgment is appropriate. 3 4 Interveners also seek for a Rule 56(f) continuance. Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 56(f) provides: 5 6 If a party opposing the motion shows by affidavit that, for specified reasons, it cannot present facts essential to justify its opposition, the court may: 7 (1) deny the motion; 8 (2) order a continuance to enable affidavits to be obtained, depositions to be taken, or other discovery to be undertaken; or (3) issue any other just order. 9 10 11 Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(f). Interveners allege that additional discovery will show genuine issues of 12 disputed material facts. As already discussed, Plaintiff succeeds as a matter of law on the issue 13 of reasonable basis to not comply with Interveners’ demand letter. Accordingly, the Court is 14 unconvinced that any further discovery would result in contrary decision and in its discretion 15 denies Interveners’ request. Finally, Interveners’ also claim that this Court should deny the motion for summary 16 17 judgment because it should not exercise or lacks jurisdiction over this matter. This has been 18 thoroughly considered and treated by this Court in its previous orders. (See April 30, 2010 19 Order, #80). Interveners present no additional reasons that persuade the Court to reconsider this 20 issue for a third time in this litigation. CONCLUSION 21 22 The Court has considered the pleadings and arguments presented by all parties. 23 IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that Plaintiff AAA’s Motion for Summary Judgment (#57) is 24 GRANTED. Plaintiff’s liability under the insurance policy is fixed at $100,000.00 and 25 /// Page 8 of 9 1 Plaintiff’s failure to settle within the time limit set by Interveners does not constitute bad faith 2 under Nevada law. 3 DATED this 14th day of July, 2010. 4 5 6 ______________________________ Gloria M. Navarro United States District Judge 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Page 9 of 9