Bradley S. Walker v. Clark County et al, No. 2:2007cv01528 - Document 134 (D. Nev. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER Granting in Part and Denying in Part 113 Motion for Summary Judgment and Granting 128 Motion to Extend Time to File Reply to Motion. Signed by Judge Robert C. Jones on 12/27/10. (Copies have been distributed pursuant to the NEF - ASB)
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' 1 ' . ç. f j , * FLF ID - -E NTE AD j - - - - - -- 9ECEl p % ' cl sDlls(vs c tl sljkEFE N t N saj )p g a 1 gëg g y s y g . 2 3 lY: 3 c nsotcypzvuvgv.j unflasa c ts ! s OF sy ag l 4 De' E'P I J . . , 1 ! 5 6 UN I TED STATES D I STRI C O URT CT 7 DI STRI O F NEVADA CT 8 BRADLEY S.W ALKER,M. D, 9 Pl ntf , ai if 2: cv 152807- RCJ- F GW 10 v. 1l CL ARK COUNW ,a pqli subdi son? ical t vii and m uni pal y i udl i deparm ent ci i ncl ng t t s t 1 U NI ERSI M ED I L CENTER , 2 V TY CA 13 O RDER 1 Def endant . 14 1 5 Curenl b f r t e Cou ti De e an Cl k Cou ys (cl k Cou t ' Mo i f r r t eoe h y r s f nd t ar nt' U ar n y' t o ) on 1 Summar 6 yludgment( 3)i onJu1 2010.Pl ntfBr eyS. al , D. ai if) #11 fI ed y29, ai if adl W kerM. Cpl nt ' f 1 fl an Opposii ( 7 i ed ton #127)on Sept ember13,2010,and Def endantfl a Repl ( 29)on i ed y #1 1 Oct 8 ober7,2010. 1 1 9 Bradley S. Walker v. Clark County et al 20 21 The C our hear or ar enton t m oton on Novem ber26,2010. t d al gum he i Doc. 134 BACK G RO UND Pl nt f i a Com pl nti t s m ateron Febr y 16, ai i fl f ed ai n hi t uar 2007, ol i hi t m i i f l ng s er naton ow 2 fo t e Unie st Me c Ce t (UMC' i L sVeg s, ad Plit f r e t a hi 2 rm h v r i dial n er ' y ' 'n a ) a Nev a. an i a gu s h t s f 2 t mia i waswr g u a d vi aed te Fami an Me c l ea e Ac (FMt ' Tie VI 3 er n t on on f l n olt h l d dia L v t î . ) t I y A', l . 2 o t e Cii Ri t Ac o 1 6 t e Fi tAme men ,a wela v r s sae Iws ( 4 f h vl ghs t f 9 4, h r s nd t s l s a i t t a . Am. ou $25 Compl ( atpp.19- . Cl k Count moves t Cour f summar j . #20) 28) ar y he t or y udgmenton t he 26 gr ounds t is em pl entdeci on t t m i e Pl nt fwas based on a I tm at nonhat t oym si o er nat ai i f egii e 27 di i i or r scrm nat y eason andt Pl nt f pr ded no evi hat ai i has ovi f dence t suppod anyofhi heores o st i 28 lDef endanlalo f l an Emer s ied gency M oton f Exl on ofDue Dat f Repl f Sum m ar i or ensi e or y or y J udgme ( 28)on Se e r27 2 0.Tha molon i GRANTED. nt #1 ptmbe z 01 t i s Dockets.Justia.com 1 ofw r ongf t m i i ul er naton. 2 Plit sfrt mpo e a UMC i 1 95 ( c. f a eyS. alerM. (W aler ani #wa is e ly d t n 9 . 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'( . ll Fr 1997t 2004,Pl ntfwored prmarl i t UMC Qui Car I at:40.I om o ai i k f i i n he y ck es. #. 1 n 1 20041 Pl nt was ass gned t a posii as a prm ar car physi an at U M C' Li 2 ai i : i o ton i y e ci S ed 1 Ambul or Cent (li Cent '...at! 39.I 2005,Pl nt's 3 at y er u-ed eK) 1s r n / ai if oughta tansert a parf r f ' o t I 1 tm e post ata UMC Qui Car See Corespondenc atac 4 i ii on ck e. r e t hed as Ex.B t M ot f o . or 1 Summar Judgment( 13- dat 1 13/ .I t sc r 5 y #1 2) ed 2/ 05) n hi orespondence,Pl ntf r ai ifequest a ed 1 ur erASAP't aQui Car cl casa/ 6 FTE.2! Asparoft basi ofhi r 6 tansf 'o ck e i ni 0. ' #. ' l he s s equest , 1 Pl ntf s at t becaus he was boar c fed i occupatonal edi i and noti er 7 ai if t ed hat e d edii n i m c ne nt nal l medi ne, 8 ci manyoft patent as gned t hi f teat he i s si o m or r mentatt Li Cent he ed erwer ' si e ' de out 1 ( s s o o tai n / r cie. 1. Pl n i f rh sa e t a 'thsi n ta r it f r h 9 hi) c pe fr nig p a t ' # ait u ter tt d h t'l i s o ppopr e o t e c ' l t a 2 pat satt OPCSI patentcl cs) and I notcomf t e pr di c et manyof 0 i ent he out i i , ni am orabl ovi ng ar o 21 t dii ti er medi nepatent t Ihav beenassi '! Pl nt f nowl he f cul nt nal ci f i s hat e gned. #. ai i ack edged ' f 22 i t corespondence t he had pr ousl been i or n he r hat evi y nf med t UMC was no l hat onger 2 empoyn p t i p st s( O. F )i te QuikCar s sem.! . Howe er h si 3 l ig ar-me o ion or 6 TEs n h t i c e yt # v , e tl l 2 r u t dt tan f .1 . 4 eq ese he r ser / t 25 Ir n esponse t Pl ntf' r o ai i s equestt tanser LaryTrl (' i ' sentPl ntf a f or f , r i ops ' I ) Trops' ai if 26 memo i catng t UMC woul ' be abl t accommodat 'hi r ndi i hat d ' not e o e' s equest ( . See 27 ' 28 2&FTE'sa dsf tFulTi Equvalnt' ( ot f Su r J gme ( l a 3) A 0. G ' t n gr t I me i e .' M . or mma y ud nt #I 3) t . 6 FTE i ap tmep il J= s an-i oston. #. 2 l 1 Memor du at he asEx. t Mo .or mma yJ d n ( 1 - daed1 / 9 2 5) an m t d ac B o tf Su r u gma t #1 3 2) t 2 1 / 00 . 2 Trl s at t Pl nt fsl t i ops t ed hat ai i ' eterwas c r tt m ovi f war UM C di notM s t have f orec hat ng or d, d wih o 3 anymor O. FTES'wori i t UMC Qui Car f iii ! Trl st edt t ewas e 6 ' kng n he ck e acl es. #. i t ops at hat her 4 c renl o yon 0. F p iona t tt l n lng re it nc v c e !.Trl s u r t nl e 6 TE ost nd ha iwoud o o e xs o e a atd.# i y i op 5 f t st ed t Pl ntf wasl c urher at hat ai if welome t appl f anyvacant ultm e orper em posionp o y or f li di t i 6 i t Q ui C ar shoul he ' r t be l at atone oft . ! n he ck es d ' desie o oc ed hem ' # ' = . 7 On Januar 6, y 2006,Pl ntf sen an addional r pondence t Trl i r d t ai if t t i cores o i ops n egar o 8 hsr qu totan f t ap tt p io at UMC Quc Car a aloi r p s t an i e es t r sero ar-i ost n a me i ik e nd s n es on e o 9 i ssue t ar fom Pl ntf tansf ofpaten s i t Li Cent .( Cocespondence hat ose r ai i r er fs i t n he ed er See l a tc e a Ex A t Mo .f rSummar J d n ( 1 - )da e ' / / 6) I t a 'e t , 0 ta h d s . o t o y u gme t #1 3 1 t d 16 0 . n h tIt er l Pl ntf st ed t he needed t be tans ered fom hi poston at t Li Cent . l ai if at hat o r f r r s ii he ed erI . 1 Accor ng t Pl n i 2 di o ai t': 1 3 1 4 I haye nevqr dgne a hepat ogy/ / di ogy pul onol / ol Glcar ol / m ogy Rhçumat ogy ol tai ng r aton,npatent ou patent I n9t i er s .Myentr i i r nl ot l I i or t l . am an nt nit le npatent tai ng i adulm edii was onl 2 m ont lv hjd f m ont oftai ng i r nl n t cne y hs. 'e ew hq r ni n out l adulcar but hosj wer t si pl f l pr i patent and di patent t e, t e he m e am l actce l s! y d 1 5 snsIPj nyCulwiltjnf nMedla meern po lmU Mvpir nliquridvaeone.s ri atnecalCentcand rbe sMcyaly . tt ndlaidrs t emont itr l d ie one at . / l 9 nl m ri a h i t c n l r e o , 1 6 Vi QC ( Ihave combl UC/ si t ew yes, ned PC mulaneoqsl f a'ew year i t y or f s n he past wer on si e c ) e mpl ases Is eced,and notassl el t gned casesl curenty i ke r l oq s a t OPC.I cur t he have neverpr ded prm ar et pateqt wihCAD, I ovi i ypar o i ? t M, 1 7 Ll / dney Hear Fai e, CancerlLupus,I M Hypedhyr dl ,F/ m uli verKi / t l ur ol sm U tDD 6 a i o l i , c.tok ntc aguat et Io on s etaum a, heelhais, e oxygen? P , ever r W c r hom CO car ofpatent wi NI e i s t DDM,W CCS,Rout GYNIHTN,anxi y depr on, h i ne et/ essi and ofcour U/ pr ems.And unl prvat pr tce,lc se C obl i ke i e ac i annotgetc onsul t s i t OPC sys em i a tmel ashi makng iev mor i n he t n i yf on, i t en e nappr i e f m e oprat or l 8 l . 1 9 20 t? atem pt t t c e of i vi s wih com pl ed i er m edi ne c t o ake ar ndi dual t i cat nt nal ci 21 dl agnoses.I notbel t t ng a r r do i hat aki eve efesherc se f a coupl ofweeks our or e or bei assi ng gned a pr t woul r tf t I k of tai ng/ ocor d ec iy he ac r ni back oundu gr Fi s ng a prm ar - e r denc woul r tf t I ofbackgr ni hi i y car esi y d ec iy he ack ound. l UM C f 22 want t pay me hojry atmy curentsal y t fni t second and t r ed o l r ar o i sh he hid year ofa f l pr tc r denqy,l lbe mor t happyt ac . lt s am l ac le esi y wi l e han o cept f hat l i os bl ( on r gh i n , h an a sgnr n n dst b mad s mp si e as e pi t magle) t en s i pe t ee o e e 2 3 c onsi t wih m y cl caltai ng/ s ent t i nl r ni back ound. Thi l a qual y of car and gr ss i- - e t et cali hi ssue. 24 25 ' $- Pl ntff t sat ''eatempt si Sept . ai i urher t ed:'v t ed nce f I ember2005tlt pr i he esentt c ert l o ov he . 26 patent at t O PC cl c consi en wih ot physi ans and,as pr ousl s at have i s he i ni st t t her ci evi y t ed, 27 dicov ed t I nothave t cl cal s er hat do he i ni back ound t al such. .!sFial , ai i sq e gr o l ow ' . n l Pl nt tt d ( y # 28 ' ' . 1 ! E f 1 t u' noti er ed i i r ngfom a0, FTE t a 1. FTE Ir par-i t f lt , hat l m nt est n nceasi r 6 o 0 fom ttme o ul i -mel 2 gi mycurentFMLA andPhD pr am sat 'l Basedont f egoi Pl ni agai ven r ogr t us. 1. ' he or ng, ait# n I r f o ck e t i ton. y 3 r equesed a tans ert a Qui Car par tm e posii 1 . t 4 Trop r s on d t Plitf Ite o J nu y 1 20 ,ex r s i c c n t a i s e p de o an i' e tr n a ar 7, 06 p e sng on er h t l fs i 5 Pl ni di n felh wa qu iedfrhsp io an s s en n Pl ni pe ig a aitf d ot e e s ali o i ost n d u p dig ait ndn n f f i ; i - . 6 i es i i oft m ater ( nv tgaton he t . See L t atac eter t hed as Ex.E t Mot f Sum m ar Judgment o . or y 7 ( 13- dat 1/ 06) I t l t , i sat u r vedyourI t dat Januar 6, #1 5) ed 17/ . n hateter Trl t ed: 1ecei ops eter ed y 8 2006, ndi tng t tyou c i ca i ha annotperor t ess i f tons ofyourposii Ther or f m he ental unc i ton. ef e, 9 I am l t w i no aler i but t suspend you pendi i ef t h t natve o ng nvest i ' .! Durng t i on. # gat ' = i he l i 0 nvestgaton,Trl s at Pl nt fwoul be gi t oppoduniy t di i i i ops t ed ai i f d ven he t o scuss t i he ssue i n 11 mor det l ! e ai. #. 1 2 Plit f s s nt c p o hi J u y6, 06It t Benami A. an i alo e a o y f s an ar 20 et o j n Had, D.' ', f er M. (Had' ' ) 1 t M edi Diec or of UM C . Aferr ewi Pl nt fs l t ,Har sen a m em o t Trl 3 he cal r t t evi ng ai i eter f t t o i ops I 1 rai icnnadxrsdocrwhotuglnfepyet It 1 4 e rntott neps cne icnni Piismlmnii ' gdgs es ee n t in at' o ng f h 1 o hi sel- ess l koftai ngand backgr 5 f s fconf ed ac r ni ound.( Memoatached asEx.Ft Mot See t o . 1 f Summar Judgment( 6 or y #113- dat 1 19/ . I hi memo,Har st ed t he was 6) ed / 06) n s t at hat 1 ' sur bywhatI r i t I t ,andt Pl ntf' al 7 dit bed he) ead n hat eter' ' hat ai i s l l oftai ng caused f eged ack r ni 1 hi u eat conc n. .I As a r t Har st ed t :u .W al by hi own admi on, 8 m gr er ' #. esul, t at hat Dr ker s ssi 1 shoul be pr uded fom t ng car ofpaten s i t Li Adul Am bul or Car Cent 9 d ecl r aki e i t n he ed t at y e er 20 becaus ofhi I t tai ng asi cat above. !. e s i ed r ni mi ndi ed ' #. ' ' 21 Dr Ran Shi ih (shi ih',h Me c Di cor fUMC Quc Ca eSeriesalo . dy r s iW r s i t e dial r t o a a ' ) e ik r vc s 2 r ewedPl ntfsI t .Shiai sat t ialt at oughr i t I t ' cont s 2 evi ai ir eter r shit ed hatd fer hor l evewof he eters ent 23 lhave v y serous concer r di t s i vi ' qualiat er i ns egar ng hi ndi dual s ic i t contnue as a f ons o i 2 phy can wihi t UMC Am bul or Car Syst . ( Mem or 4 sii t n he at y e em ' See andum atached as Ex. t G 25 t Mot f Summar Judgmen '/11 dat 1/ 06) Shiai st ed t he woul not o . or y t(/ 4) ed 19/ . r shi at hat d 26 r ecomm end a tans erf Pl nt t a UM C Qui Car because of' . al ' admit r f or ai i o s ck e ' W kers Dr ted 27 i om pet nc ence. .!aAc or ngt Shr s :( i r qu s t b ta seredt ap ionwi i '# c di o i hi'H) e e to e r n f r o ost ai s i tn h 28 t Qui Car ur he ck e/ gentCar s tng r r hi t see ANY ac e i patentt ent s t e eti equies m o ut l i hat er he l 4 ! : E E i 5 I ! u gentcar cent .These s eac el i patent may have any numberofiness t Dr r e er am ut y I i s I l l es hat , 2 W al f s t he i notcapabl ofeval i orteatng. I uii y,t s i a hi rsk ker eel hat s e uatng r i nt tvel hi s gh-i 3 st a i f ap scantat asg e tc n er sa ou hsci c s is'!. Thu Shi ih i t or hy ii h h r a o c n b t i l al kl . # u on ni l s, r s i a 4 s at t he woul 1r om m end t Dr W al ernotbe al ed t tans ert t UM C Q ui t ed hat d 1 ec hat . k l ow o r f o he ck ' 5 Car sys em f t r onst he pos a gr rskt t e t or he eas hat es eat i o hose paten st he m ay car f i t hat e or 6 and I s f t atendantI lyt t par i i i '! i e,or he t kewi i i o he entnstt on. #. abit ut y O n Januar 30, y 2006,UM C sentPl nt fa I t r ai i eter egar ng hi sus f di s pensi A c di on. cor ng E o hat eter Afer i aton 8 t t l t :' t consder i by UM C , i udi i Medi Diect s and Chi ofSt f ncl ng t s cal r or ef af, 2 j o y ur a ay6, 06c res on c a dt c mmensy mad duigtes b equ n ) f o J nu r 20 or p den e n he o t ou e r h u s e t n I ! ) ) Januar 23,2006 m eetng, UM C i l t wih no aler i . t suspend you pendi ( y i s ef t t nat but o ve ng ; i I 11 t mi i ' ( Leteratached as Ex.Q t Mot f Summar Judgment( 18- dat er naton. See t t ' o . or y #1 2) ed ! I 1 130/ 2 / 2006) Furher t I t sat , t ,he eter t ed: l 3 You hav di osed t you have I i i i tand ou patçnttai ng and e scl hat i t npaten m ed t i r ni f I r equest t UM C tans er t a num berofaler i posil ed hat r f you o t nat ve tons.How ever , t l 4 b stons,i appear iw o yu dslsrsaqualuatu gftdatrhose a e u o terve you do notouet n yiirsg e e l n te d pt h e t f o r icmeet h: d oc i s any oftai n e v posii s hat f ons or ) 1 5 posi ons, r i f t any posii curenty av l e. I w as t consens t t i o , n ac , ton r l al abl t he us hat meqgia n cudc tmnee toalntnstehr pl 3 c0 yutoteyoeieprrohicshte rsotohtenay2r2a6 oelv do v l ef ct nse sl eçnafeJ a r ,0r n dt u o n o v e ni cl ti au may e rh d 16 or ur gentcar phys ci e i an. 1 % 7 )8 l r n esponse, Pl n i sent a l t t Trl and Doug Sprng at UM C' Hum an aits eter o i ops i S l9 R es ces Depadment seekng t arange an i er our i o r nt nal hearng pr . s r di hi i oces egar ng s 20 suspensi pendi t m i i on ng er naton. ( See Leter atac t t hed as Ex. R t M pt f Sum mar o . or y 21 J 22 u me ( 8 3 da e 13006) I t a lter Pl n i saed t a hi t mi t was dg nt #11 - ) t d / / . n h t e t , ait t t h t s er nai f on . unj tfedf s er r usii or ev aleasons.Ac di t Pl ntfiwasunustfedbec cor ng o ai ift j ii ausehehadwored k 23 f overni year w ihoutany qual y- - ar i sues i t U M C Q ui Car 1 or ne s t i of c e s t n he ck es...4.l ad t , . .n 1 dion i 24 Pl ntf s at t ot Qui Car physi ans had uar mor I ied, cl calsc ai if t ed hat her ck e ci f e i t , i m ni ope- of 25 u pr tce t Pl nt f .!. Fi l Pl nt f eredt hi t mi i wasi r al i f ac i han ai i . # nal ai i ass t hat s er nat f y, f on n et i on or at 26 s vce as a Uni Sew ar r entt tm ony i an EEO C I s tby D r Khani and an FM L er i on d, ec es i n aw ui . , . A 27 , , cl m. 1s ai . 1 28 5 ' ! 1 . As not i t f egoig,f l ng hi t mi i Pl nt ffl t pr ed n he or n ol owi s er nat on, ai i i he esen l f ed t awsui t 2 agai UMC al ng wr ult m i i nst l egi ongf er naton. I t Am ended Com pl nt Pl nt fal n he ai , ai i l f eges : causesofac i f vi atonofFMLA, te VI,he Fis Amendment and v i st e l $ ton or ol i Til It rt , arous at aws. ; 4 Pl nt fsFMLA cai r at t l ai i ' f l m el es o eave he r equest i 2005 i or t t e car ofhi mot ed n n der o ak e s her 1 5 wh wa s i sy i a t et o s er l l t h i ( Co .(20) $ 1 .Ac or ig t Pl n i , e was ou I me. Am. mpl # at 8) c dn o ait f h f ' 6 ' aw f l er i ed fom hi em pl ent i De endan sbecause ofhi t ng I ' unl ul m nat r yt s oym wt f h t s aki eave under 7 t FM LA and exer i ng hi rght o I he c si s i t eave undert FM LA i vi aton of29 U. C . he n ol i S. sec. 2601, ! I i . , , 8 etseq. .1aat ( / . !46. Pl n i alo a s ded tath wa wr gf l t miat i voa i o ait f s s e f h e s on ul er n ed n ilt f y on 9 Til V I. Acc di t Pl nt hi t m i i was based on r al i aferPl ntf t i ed t I e or ng o ai i s er naton l, et i on t ai if est i at f 1 a awi es i a TieVIlws i iv vn an t erUMc. y iin.!.a 1 6O. l ad t ' 0 s t s n t Ia utn olig o h n l ph sca # t 1 n dion, i jj Pl ntf fl a caus ofac i f vi aton o hi Fis Am endm en rght r atng t a seres ai if i ed e ton or ol i f s r t t i s el i o i 1 o newspaperari eshe was quot i fom 19982 f t cl ed n r 2003. 1 .at! 68. Fi l Pl ntf fl #. 1 nal ai if i y, ed 1 caus ofac i f wr ult mi i i vi aton ofNevada' whi l owi st ut and 3 es ton or ongf er naton n ol i s stebl ng at e . I 1 f r u igt e ga i ieg / e hc l on c .!.a I I 4, 7. 4 or ef sn o n ge n l al t ia c du t # t I 7 7 l un ! 1 5 Def endanthas moved f summar j or y udgmenton t f egoi causes ofaci he or ng ton. 1 Def 6 endantar gues t Pl nt; has pr ded no evi hat ai i ovi denc t t deci on t t m i e hi e hat he si o er nat m l w as based on any iegal r al or m otve. Rat , endants at t t sol r 7 l l or et i y at i her Def t es hat he e eason 1 f Pl n i t m i i was Pl nt fs J 8 or aitf er nat fs on ai i ' anuar 6,2006 I t i whi Pl ntf s at t he f y eter n ch ai if t ed hat l was notquali t c i i hi posion att Li Cent . 9 i ed o ontnue n s f t i he ed er 2 0 2l 22 DI SCUSSI ON 1 LegalSt . andar d Summar j y udgment' d be r ' shoul ender it pl ngs,he di over and ed f he eadi t sc y 2 di osur mat i son fl ' and any afi t show t t e i no genui i 3 scl e eral i e fdavi s hat her s ne ssue ast o 2 anymat i f tandt t movi paryi entl t j 4 eralac hat he ng t s ied o udgmentasa materofI ' t t aw. ' 2 Fe R. VP. ( )2) A maer is eof a ti on t a a cst e o tomeo t e 5 d. Ci. 56 c ( . t i s u f c s e h t #e t h u c al fh 26 I i i and r r a ti t r ve t dif i ver ons oft tut Lvnn v.Sheet igaton t equies ral o esol he ferng si he r h. 2 Me a W p k s lt As n 8 4 F. 1 72,1 3 ( t Ci.1 86 .Thebu de o 7 t l r er'n ' s', 0 2d 4 l 48 9h r 9 ) r n f 28 dem ons r i t absenc ofa genui isue ofm at i f tI wih t movi pary, tatng he e ne s eral ac i es t he ng t ( j ' . ' ) 1 and f t s pur or hi pose,t m at i I he eral odged by t m ovi pary m us be vi ed' t I he ng t t ew i he i n ght 2 m ostf or e t t nonmovi pady. Adi av abl o he ng ckes v,S. Kr & C0. 398 U. 1 1 H. ess , S. 44, 57 1 . 3 ( 970) Mari v.Ci ofLosAnnel 141 F, 1373,1378 ( h Ci.1998) 1 . t , nez W es, 3d 9t r . 4 Any di e r di a mat i isue off tm us be genui t evi sput egar ng erals ac t ne- he dence mus . t 5 b s c tat' r as abej yc ul r ur av dit o t e n mo igpa t. 1. Th , e u h h ' e on l ur o d et n er c f r h on vn ry' # us a ' 6 uwl e t r or t l her he ec d aken asawhol coul notl a r i ti off tt fndf t e d ead atonalrer ac o i or he 7 nonmovi pary,her i no ' ne i uef ti 'and summar j ng t t e s genui ss or ral' ' y udgmen i pr . k t s oper I 8 Mat t El I sushia ec.ndus.Co.v. t Radi Cor , U. 574,587( 986) ' mer j Zeni h o p.475 S. 1 .' A e 9 scntlaofevi ii l dencewi notdo,oraj yi per tedt dr onl t l l f ur s mi o aw y hose i er t nf encesof 1 w hi t evi 0 ch he dence i r onabl sus s eas y ceptbl , tm ay notr tt specul i ' Brtsh i e' i esor o aton.. ii ' 11 AiwavsBoar v.Boei Co.585 F. 946,952 ( h Ci.1978) The evi e mustbe r d nn , 2d 9t r . denc 1 sgnii l pr i and cannotbe mer y col abl Ander on v.Li t Lobbv,I , 2 i fcanty obatve, el or e. s berv nc. 1 477 U, 242,249- ( 3 S. 50 1986) Concl yalegat t ar unsuppodedbyf ual a . usor l i hat e ons act dat 1 cannotdef amotonf summar j 4 eat i or y udgmen .Tavl v.Lit 880 F. 1040,1045 (t t or s , 2d 9h 1 Ci.1 . 5 r 989) 1 I. Ret i i and W r 6 I alaton ongf Ter i i underTil V1 ul m nat on te I l 7 As not i t f egoi Pl ntf as t t hi t mi i was i vi aton of ed n he or ng, ai if sers hat s er naton n ol i 1 Tie VI oft CiiRi s Actof1964.Accor ng t Pl n it he engaged i a pr ec ed 8 t l he v l ght l di o aitf n ot t 1 actvi undert sat e when he t tfed i a Tie VI l 9 it y hat t ut es ii n t l Iawsui i vi anot physi an t nvol ng her ci atUMC i 2005. Pl nt sat t hi t mi i was based on t st i n ai i t es hat s er naton ; hi estmony an t l d hus 20 21 c onstt es r al i i v ol i ofTil VI. iut et i on n i aton at te I 22 O n Novem ber3,2005,Pl nt: was cal as a w iness by Dr R.M oham m adkhani ai i l ed t . 23 i a caseagai tUMC.( al Decr ( n ns W ker l.#127- at: 57) Accor ngt Pl ntt Dr R. 2) 1 . di o ai i . f 2 M oham m adkhaniwas a phys ci and em pl 4 i an oyee atUM C who br oughta l awsui agai t nst or assmentand r al i underTil VI oft Ci lRi s Ac of1964. !. et i on at t I he vi ght t e 25 UMC f har # . 26 27 28 7 j Pl nt fs at t hi t i ony i t case was deti ai i t es hat s estm f n hat rment and damagi t UMC. l al ng' o 3 d. 2 at! 6 ( 4. 3 Def endantmovesf s or ummar j y udgmentont scl m ont gr hi ai he oundst Pl ntf hat ai if 4 has n pr ded any evi e t t e i a ' ausali 'bet ot ovi denc hat her s ' c I ' ween Pl nt fs t i nk ai i ' estmony i f n 5 Dr R.Mohammadkhani caseand hi t mi i i 2006.( ,orSummar Judgment . ' s s er naton n Motf y 6 ( #113)at12) Accor ngt Def . di o endant t onl evdencepr ,he y i esent cl l esabl ed eary t i shes y t t s e r on f Pl ntfs t m i i wast cont ofPl ntf' J hat he ol eas or ai i ' er naton f he ent ai i s anuar 6, f y 2006 8 I t i w hi he st ed t he w as notsufi enty tai and di nothave t pr eter n ch at hat f ci l r ned d he oper back ound t c i i hi posii att Li Cent atU M C . Def gr o ontnue n s ton he ed er endantnot t es hat ' 9 1) numer ot UMC em pl ( ous her oyees t tfed agai UMC i t Dr R.Mohamm adkhani es ii nst n he . 1 c e and w er nott m i ed f t ri v enti t m ater I addii Def 1 as e er nat or hei nvolem n he t .n ton, endant l s at t Pl nt fi tal t tfed i t case i 2003 durng hi deposton -yethe was z t es hat ai i ni l es ii n hat f i y n i s ii 1 nott m i ed untl2006. Fi l Def a er nat i nal y, endantnot t Pl nt r Opposii expr y es hat ai i s f ton essl 1 ar 4 guest UM C' t m i i decsi was wr f bec hat S er naton i on ong ul ause iwasa t based u not ng on hi 1 exc Pl ntf' Januar 6,2006 l t , ( Opp' ( 5 ept ai i s f y eter' see ' n #127- atzlemphasi added)t 1) t s ,hus l concedi t hi t m i i di notr at t any r al or m otve underTil V I. 6 ng hat s er naton d el e o et i y' i at te I 1 7 To es abl a prma f e cas ofr al i underTil VI,a pl nt mus show t i sh i aci e et i on at te I ai i ; t 1 tat ( )h en ag d i a p o e td acii '2)h s fe e anad e s empo me t 8 h : 1 e g e n r t ce t t , e u fr d v y( v re ly n 1 deci on'and ( t e wasacausalI bet 9 si , 3) her i nk weent pr eced actvi andt adver he ot t it y he se 2 e ly td ii Viir v. o Il dAi,nc, F.d 10 4,1 64 (t Ci. 0 mpo men ecson. la i l mo Alha san r I .281 3 5 0 9 h r aj 2002) la prma f ecaseofrt i i i est i andt empl adi at s . f i aci eal on s abl at shed he oyer cul es ome 22 I tmat non-et i or r egi e i r al y eason f t chal at or he l enged acton,t pl nt fu tdem onstat a i he ai i mus f r e 23 genui i ue ofmat i f as t whet t r ne ss eral act o her he eason advanc byt empl was a ed he oyer 24 pr ex. Br sv.Ci ofSan Mat 229 F. 917,928 ( h Ci.2000) et t' ook t v eo, 3d 9t r . 25 26 3Specii l , Pl ntf sae t thets iid i hi p iin a a u on r prs nttve ta he fcaly ai if tts ha e tfe n s gsto s ni e e e a i h t wine s dted f nda ( ph i a at C)a ehi a hort a DrM oh mma niss e io t s e h e e nt a yscin UM bus s ut ly s . a dkha , up np r s 27 by t e e q he wih dlcl ie frti almates J at* 58. Pli ifas lsii tatt hratnig r t s pln o rvi tr. . J Z ynrf lo e ffed h he de e da t l d t Im i t n be of h s doc or c d w or a hI c i c whih a f c e Dr f n nt re o i t he um r our t s oul k t s lni c fe td . 28 M oha m a han . nd t t h de e nt d b ns i tng c m pl nt a ai s Dr M oha m a a . m dk i a ha t e f nda ha ec olcii o ai s g n : . m dkh ni J.atll 60. .: j!59I . 8 : 1 ' l t sc t padi concede,orpur n hi ase,he es f posesofsummar j y udgmentt Pl ntf ,hat ai if z engaged i a pr ect ac i t when he t ii i t Dr R.Moham madkhanicase and n ot ed tviy estfed n he . tat s f e a a v s emplyme d iinwh hewa tr naedfom h he uf d n d ere o nt ecso en er s emi t r é ! 3 4 empl oyment However Def . , endantar guest Pl nt has pr ded no evi hat ai i ; ovi dence t hat 5 t e i a caus I bet her s ali nk ween Pl ntf s t tm ony and hi t m i i Rat ,Def ai ir es i s er naton. her endant i 6 sat tath evde epo ie cear e t l h sta UMC h daIgimaer s nf t es h te i nc rvd d l l sabi e h t y s a e t t ea o or i 7 t m i i Pl ntf aferPl nt subm it t Januar 6, er natng ai if t ai i s ted he y 2006 I t . I r eter n esponse, g Pl ntf as ai if sedst t Januar 6,2006 I t di notpr de UMC an ' hat he y eter d ovi ' honest i good ,n I . p f t or e on bl b if or e miat g Plit '( p' ( 27 1 at1 .Rater Pl ni ai r as a e el f t r n i an i Op n #1 - ) ) h , aitf h e n t' f 1 ar 0 gues t t Januar 6, hat he y 2006 I t ' e Trl t opporuni t mi ons r t eter gav i ops he t t o sc tue he y ' . ( l J Ite i t ewa he s w f t b abet t mia eW ak r' 1.a 2. 1 e tr n h y a i o e l o er n t le . # t t ' I a To est i causaton i a r al i case,a pl nt fm us show W a abl sh i n et i on at ai i f t by 1 pr 3 eponder ance oft evi he dence t engagi i t pr ect ac i t was one oft hat ng n he ot ed tviy he 1 r 4 easonsf ( s frngand butf suchaci t ( woul nothav beenfr ' Vii i or hi) ii or tviy he) d e ied. larmo, ' l 281 F. at1064.The Ni h Cicui has r 3d nt r t ecogni d t i some cas ' ausaton can bel ze hat n es,' c i l 5 i ered fom tmi al wher an adv se am pl entac i f l on t heal of nf r r i ng one e er oym ton ol ows be s . l ' 1 protected acti ty.' Vilarmo,281 F.3d at1065*see al Passanti v.Johnson & Johnson( 6 j 7 vi l i , so no 1 ConsumerProds.,Inc.,212 F.3d493,507 (9thCir.zoooltnotingthatcausation can be ) 8 , l i eredfom tmi .' tmi al wi notshow c 9 nf r r i ng) ' i ng one l But l ausaton i aIc ,r heri or i n l ases' at n der : t s ? o uppor an i er : t nf ence ofr al or m otve, he t m i i mus have oc r f ry soon et i y at i t er naton t cured ail :1 a t t em pl 2 f er he oyee' pr ect expr on. ! .i er ci i and quot i omied) s ot ed essi ' # ( nal t ons ' = nt at atons t . t . 22 I Vii i t Ni h Cicuihel t a 'a)neary l mont l bet n larmo,he nt r t d hat ' l ( l 8- h apse ween pr ect ot ed 23 actviy and an adv se em pl m entac i i si pl t l it er oy ton s m y oo ong,by isel t gi rse t an t f o ve i o : i er e ofcausa i ' 281 F. at1065. ) nf enc 4 ton. 3d 25 I t s m ater based on t evi n hi t , he dence pr esent and t t por pr m iy bet ed he em al oxi t ween 26 Pl nt r t tm ony i t D r R.M oham m adk ai i s es i f n he . hanic ase and hi t m i i t Cour fnds s er naton, he ti 27 t a quesi off texit s fci t s vv summar j hat ton ac ss ufi ent o urie y udgmenton t scl m. Pl ntf hi ai ai if as t ii att t i i t M oham m adkhani e i Novem ber2005. He w as t m i ed estfed he ral n he cas n er nat 9 I ; I 1 fom hi empl entappr i el t m ont I er Based on t tm i oft even s i r s oym oxmat y wo hs at . he i ng he t n : t s m ater, t Courfndsc ) hi t he ti ausatoncan bei eredand t summar j i nf r hat y udgmenti not s E ? appr i e on Pl ntf s Tie Vl cl m r al i cl m. oprat ai ir t I ai et i on ai l at i I 4 14 Vi aton ofFistAm endm entRi s 1. ol i r ght E j i k I ! ! ' 5 : . Pl nt falo asseded a caus ofac i f vi aton ofhi Fis Amendmentrgh s 1 ai i s f e ton or ol i s rt it ' 6 b c s Plit cli hewa t mia e b ed o c e au e ani ams f s er n t d as n ommenshe ma i n ws a r t de n e p pe 7 ari esr di bii and r eralpr emsatUMC bet t cl egar ng lng l ef r obl ween 1998 and 2004. ( Am. ! j g Compl( at22- . .#20) 26) J 9 Def endantmov f summar j es or y udgmentont scl m ont gr hi ai he oundst Pl ntf hat ai if jl has pr ded no evi t ovi dence t any oft newspaperari es orpr s appear hat he tcl es ances by j Pl ntf wer consi ed i connecton wih t deci on t Pl nt fnotbe r ai on j ai if e der n i t he si hat ai i f et ned l l ' l l s a f l M or g t f . d. eover t per , he sonnelt m ade t deci on t sus hat he si o pend and t m i e er nat l Pl ntf t tfed t t rdeci on was notbas on t com m ent Pl nt fm ade t t 3 ai if es ii hat hei si ed he s ai i f o he I : 1 pr 4 ess. I Fi l Def d. nal y, endantar gues t t tm i oft ari es i r aton' hi hat he i ng he t cl n el i t s o 1 t m i i as wel as t rc ent f l o pr de any i f ence t t l t Pl ntf' 5 er naton, l hei ont , ai t ovi n er hat hey ed o ai i s . l t mi i I t s r d, he aril wer publ 6 er naton. n hi egar t tces e i shed ov t year bef e Pl ntf' er wo- s or ai i s f 1 t m i i I addi on,U M C agr w ih m any oft pr em s di cus 7 er naton. n t i eed t he obl s sed by Pl ntf i ai if n 1 t adi es, I 8 he cl d, l 9 To pr lon a cl m f vi aton ofa pl n i ' FistAm endm entrght a pl nt; i evai ai or ol i aitf s r f i s, ai i s 2 r i d t prv t t ( )h e a d i pr ece a t i ' 2) h d f d ttoka 0 equr o o e ha : 1 e ng ge n ot t d ci t, t e e en an o n e vy( zj adver empl se oymentaci ,and ( hi pr eced actvi wasa' t i ormotvatng ton' 3) s ot t it y ' antal subs i i 2 f or'ort adver empl m entac i Cos t v.Civ ofSal ,32O F. 968,973 2 act 'f he se oy ton. zal er t em 3d 23 ( hCi. 9t r 2003) I or t demonsr et t e i a genui i ofmat i f ton . n dero tat hat her s ne ssue eralac 24 whet pr ec ed act t was a subst i orm otv i f t behi t pl nt fs her ot t i y vi antal iatng ac or nd he ai i f 25 di ssalt pl ntf'sr r t pr smi , he ai i i equied o esentevi f dence't :( t ewas' ver cl e 'hat 1) her a y os 26 pr mi i tme'bet oxi t n i ' weent pr eced aci t and t di ssalsuc t aj ycoul y he ot t tvi y he smi , h hat ur d 27 i ert t pl ntf wasdi ged i r al i f t actvi ,( pl ntf' empl nf hat he ai if schar n et i on or he i t 2) ai if at y' s oyer 28 expr edopposii t hi actons,eihert hi ort ot s'or( pl ntf' empl ers ess ton o s i t o m o her , 3) ai if s oy ' l 0 . ! ; 1 ) , . l 1 . j pr f ed expl i f t di ofer anaton or he schar was f se and pr t ual Kevserv.Sacr ent ge al e-ext . ' ' am o : Ci Unf Sc Ditl 5 F.d 7 , 51 5 ( t Ci. 01 * e alo Cl kCou t Sc Dit ) t i h. s.26 3 41 7 - 2 9h r 20 ) s e s ar v . , nv h. s . a v Br e , 2 U. 26 2 1 S. .1 0 1 9 L. 2 5 ( 01) . e den 53 S. 81 73, 21 Ct 5 8, 4 Ed.d 09 20 . 4 Her De en an a gu st t h yar en ie t su e, f d t r e ha t e e tld o mmar j d n ont i cli t y u gme t hs am 5 becaus Pl n ifdi notengage i a pr ec ed actvi and Pl ntf cannotshow t any e ai tf d n ot t it y ai if hat 6 al l eged pr ec ed actvi wast subst i ormot i f orf hi t m i i ot t it y he antal i ng act or s er naton. vat 7 uti w el setl t t st e m ay notabuse is posii as em pl Is l ted hat he at t ton oyert s il ' o tfe t he 8 Frt is Amen nt i t (sempoy s wo dot er s enoya ct en t c dme r s i gh t l ee ) ul h wie j s iz s o omme ton i n 9 mater ofpubl concer 'Enn v.Cool 552 F. 1 ts i c n.' ' ev, 3d 062,1 ( hCi. 070 9t r 2009) l or . n der 1 t st e a FistA m endm entr al i cl m ,a pl nt fm us show t uhe speech 0 o at r et i on ai at ai i f t hat t I ! 1 addr 1 essed an isueofpubl concer ' I ( tng Conni v.Mver 461 U, 138,1 s i c n. d. ci i ck s, S. O3 ' 1 S. .1 75 L. 2d 708 ( 2 Ct 684, Ed. 1983).' ) ' Speech i vesa materofpubl c nvol t i oncer when i . c n t 1 can f ry be consi ed t r at t ' m aterofpol ial soci ,orot conc n t t 3 ail der o el e o any t i c , al t her er o he 1 communi ' I ( i Johnsonv.Mulnomah Count Or,48 F. 420, ( hCi. . 4 t ' d. quotng y. t v, . 3d 422 9t r 1 1995).Speecht deal wih'ndii peronneldi esand grevanc and t 5 ) hat s t ' vdual s i sput i es hat . . 1 l woul be ofno r evance t t publ s eval i oft peror ance ofgover ent 6 d el o he i c' uaton he f m nm al 1 agenci i gener l notofpubl concer 'I (nt nal t i and quot i omit . 7 es s al y i c n. d. i er ciatons ' atons ted) 1 uft speech i quest does notaddr s a m aterofpubl concer t t s 8 I he n i on es t i c n, hen he peech i s 1 unpr ect ' I 9 ot ed. d. ' 20 Her t newspaperaëi es and pr i er i gi byx ai ifcons iu e e, he cl ess nt vews ven pl ntf tt t 21 m ater ofpubl conc n. Thes ar i es r ert bi i and r er al obl s t exi ed ts i c er e t cl ef o lng l ef r pr em hat st 2 atUM C and pot tal i 2 en i l mpact m edi car att f ly. As s y ed cal e hat acit 4 i uch, he speech i t n 23 24 25 26 4For i ance,one ani e dicuss whet t count hospialsm et ofs j patent nst cl s ed her he y t, hod end ng j s 27 t s e s calsswa ba kl ge ( e Aril satch d a Ex.L t M o .f Summa y J dgme o e pe i it s c og d. Se tc e ta e s o t or r u nt ( 1 6 ) Ot ra tce dic s dwhehe t epolc of.r a frtpa ltr,a UM C wa c tnyuM c # l ) . he riis s us e t r h iy . e t is, y ae , t t . s osi 28 mone J. Anot rani ecl me t tac ng i biln a UM C c d s eUMC milonsof y. #. . he cl ai d ha ha e n lig t oul av ll dola s J. lr . .O I . l1 ! I l 2 t hese' tc es r at t m ater ofs al ' herconcer t t c m uniy. ari l el es o t s oci orot ns o he om ts ' Al t hough t Coud fnds t t speech ati he i hat he ssue i ved a materofpubl nvol t i c ? c oncer t Cour fnds t Pl ntf' Fis Amendm entcai f l because he hasf l n, he t i hat ai i s r t f l m ai s ai ed 4 t show t hi speech was a subst taland motvatng f t i hi t m i i 'See o hat s an i i i ac or n s er naton. 5 Enc, 552 F. at1071. As not i t f egoi i or t satsf t s pr 3d ed n he or ng, n der o i y hi ong,Pl nt ai i : 6 mustshow:( t e wasa v ycl pr mi i tme bet 1) her er ose oxi t n i y weenpr eced aci t and t ot t tvi y he I . dimis , u hta ajr c l if t th pani wasdic r di rtl i f te J s s als c h t uy oud nerha te litf f s hage n eai on orh at 8 actviy;( pl ntfsempl erexpr i t 2) ai i ' f oy essed opposii t hi actons,eihert hi ort ton o s i t o m o 9 ot s' ( pl ntfsempl ' pr f edexpl i f t dichar wasf seand her , 3) ai i' or f oyers ofer anaton or he s ge al 1 pr t t . Kevs ,265 F. at751- . 0 e-ex ual er 3d 52. 1 1 ' Her t e i no c ose pr i i i tm e bet e, her s l ox m t n i y ween t al he l eged pr ect ac i t and ot ed tvi y 1 Pl ntf' di i al The newspaperadi es and pr i er i a1 occur ed bet 2 ai i s sm ss . f cl ess nt v ews I r ween 1 1 3 998 and 2004 and t bul oft he k hem wer publ e i shed i 2003. Thus,ov t year pas n er wo s sed 1 fom t tme Pl ntf engaged i t s s 4 r he i ai if n hi peech untl was t mi ed. Thi am ountoftmé ihe er nat s i 1 i n ts fii tf rPlit fo esa l hu v ycos p o i t i t 'b t ent e 5 s o u f en o an i t t bi a er l e r xmi n i ' ewe h c f s y me l 1 1 pr eced actvi andt di ssalsucht aj ycoul if t Pl ntfwasdichar , 6 ot t it y he smi hat ur d ner hat ai i f s ged . 1 i r al i f t actvi M or 7 n et i on or he i t at y. eover Pl ntf' em pl ernev expr ed any opposii , ai ifs oy er ess ton l t hi actons,eihert Pl ntf ort ot s. Trl specii l t tfed t hi deci on 8 o s i t o ai if o her i ops fcàl es ii hat s y si 1 was notbas on any news 9 ed paperari esorpr i er ews r atng t Pl nt ( tcl ess nt vi el i o ai i See s. 20 Trl Dep. t hed asEx.S t Motf Summar Judgmentat1 1 . I f t t i ops atac o .or y 40r 41) n ac, he 21 maort oft ari eswer wrt bef eTrl waseven empl atUMC. 1 j i he t y cl e ien or i t ops oyed d. 22 El t t C hi ofSt f alo t ii t he w as notev awar oft adi l and l on, he ef er af , s est ed hat f en e he c es 23 pr i er e i vi Pl ntf. ( El t Dep. ess nt viws nvol ng ai if See l on er aoached as Ex. t M ot f S o .or , Summa yJ d 2 4 r u gmen ( 20 1 a 45 . t #1 - ) t ) . 25 26 sI hi op ii Pl ntf aloa g st t sJ nuay6, n s poston, ai if s r ue ha hi a r 2006Ite i gr t ce un rt Fis e tr s o e td de he rt 27 Amen nt ( n(/27 1 a 6) Howcv r.;hi lle do n a e sa ls eofpublcc en. dme . Opp' /1 - ) r . e, s etr es ot ddrs n s u t i ,. r onc l t sr ga d,t al e iil wihPli ifs i vi al ronn diput andp iva e , a ha n hi e r ide s xplcty t antf' ndi du pe s el s e e nc s nd s 28 k r ev nc t t epublc' ev u tonoft epe f man e f ag r m e ag nc Se Enz 55 F. d ' cl a e o h no l s al a i h r or c 'of ove n n: e y. e . 2 3 at1070. . 1 2 j ' ' ' j : I Based on t f enoi Pl ntf hasf l t pr de anyrvi he or nn, ai if ai o ovi ed e dence t suppod a or ' 2 c s o aci f voai o hi Frt au e f t or ilt f s is Amen n r t.Th ,heCo d ga s on on dme t i s us t gh u rnt l 3 Def endantsmotonf summar udgmentont scl m. ' i or yj hi ai 4 5 I Vi aton and Ret i i underFMLA V. ol i alaton ' ! 1 Pl ntf has alo as ai if s sede a caus ofac i f vi aton and r al i undert d e ton or ol i et i on at he 6 FM LA. Ac di t Pl ntf,Pl ntf ' unl ul t m i ed fom hi em pl entwih cor ng o ai if ai if was awf l er nat r y s oym t 7 Def endant because ofhi t ng I s s aki eave undert FM LA and ex ci ng hi rghtt I he er si s i o eave ' 8 9 1 0 u d t FMt ' ( Comp.#20 a 1 .Pl n i alo a s t t a De e dan n er he . ' Am. A. l( ) t 8) ait f s s ers h t f n t f u engaged i a s i ofaci and c n eres tons onductt make ( ai i' j mor difculcr i a o Pl ntfs)ob e fi t eatng f h i wor envionmentafer( ai ijappl f and commencedi er tentl ostl k r e t Pl ntf f i or ed nt mit eave j 1 i 1 udrhFL.Ia1. yj ton Pl ntff' FMLA cl msont gr ) ' 1 net endantmovesf summar udgmen ai i s e M.'d t9 A . or Def ai he ounds! l2 1 t t evi 3 hat he dence s hows t t deci on t t m i e Pl ntf was based on Pi ntf s hat he si o er nat ai if ai ir l Januar 6,2006 l t andnotbec 4 y eter ause Pl nt fexer sed hi rght undert FML ( . ai i f ci si s he A. Mot 1 f rSu 5 o mma yJu r dgmen ( 1 a 8 .De en tsaest a ii u dipuedt a Pl n i t #1 3) t ) f dan tt h tts n s t h t ait f f . 1 r 6 eques ed FM LA I t eave i Febr y 2005 and w as gr ed t s r n uar ant hi equestt t car of hi o ake e s l crtcal i mot . I Furher De endants at t Pl nt; t ii underoat t he 7 ii l l her d. t , f y- l t es hat ai i estfed, h, hat 1 was neverdeni a r 8 ed eques ed f l of underFM L I I addii Def t ulday f A. d. n ton, endantst es f at 1 1 t UMC nev i erer wih Pl ntf' FM LA r 9 hat er nt f ed t ai i s f . equest I at1 Rat ,Def s, d. 9. her endant . 20 s at t Pl nt r atem pt t m ak 'as m i t changes t hi FM LA I t es hat ai i s t f so e t t nu e l no s eave days 21 caus di up i w ih t cl c schedul because i r r patent and st t be ed sr tons t he i ni e t equied i s a; o 22 r chedul 6 1 es ed. d. 2 3 Pl n i ar e t a s l ait f gu s h t t f mmar j g tsn ap op it ont scam b au e ' y ud men i ot pr ra e hi li ec s d i t 24 i cl Pl nt: was c s ear ai i onst l bei i erer w ih and har anty ng nt f ed t assed aboutusi hi FM L ng s A 25 l v ' ( pn ( 2 1 a 8) I t sr ar Pl n i satst at e wasr qur t u e ea e. Op ' #1 7- ) t . n hi eg d, ait f t e h h ' f e i o s ed 26 27 6 l t s r a d,De en ntnot s t tPl i if woul r que t a FM LA l a da f om hi n hi eg r f da e ha a ntf d e s n c ve y r s s b du ea t LidCe t ra t nr que tt ma upt hour a adif r nt lni oraQuikCa e c e l the e n e nd he e s o ke he s t fe e c i c c r. 28 ( plz#l a 1 .Pli ifwa i onpe t thcc d n ma e u FM LA l a eda sa difr nt Re ) ( 29) t 2) antf s nf d ha oul ot k p e v y l fe e l ai atrheh dtke la fom hl nonnalshe e J oc tons fe a a n e ve r s c dul. #. ' 4 3 ; ) vac i tmewhen he mi ed one ofhi Li Cent shit L=' ai ifsat t he at i on ss s ed er fst d.Pl ntf t es hat ' 2 shoul have been al d l owed t mak up t s f by wor i a Qui Car shitand nothave o e he hi t kng ck e f i 3 hsv c t c ar e != Ac o dig t Pl n i,' i e fcedho Plit fo hi FML i a a i h g d. #. c r n o ait f'jhs fe t on f I w an i tok s f A : 4 and how muchof( s FMLA hewasf ced t use 1=. hi) or o j 5 ' FMLA pr desj securt t empl eeswhomus be abs fom wor ' The ovi ob iy o oy t ent r k ' ' . ' . . 6 becaus oft rown inesses,o car f f l mem ber who ar i, t car f new e hei l l t e or ami y s e l or o e or l , , , babi Bachel v.Am. estAil I , F. 1112,1119 ( hCi.zoollcii 7 es. der W ri nc.259 3d nes, 9t r t tng g 29 U. C. 261 . Un erte FML ii u nlwflora y e l e t it fr wi S. 5 2) d h A,t s u a u f n mpoy r o nere e t h, p r t ai ordeny t ex c se ofort atem ptt exer s any rghtpr ded'undert es r n, he er i he t o ci e, i ovi ' he ! 1 sat e.29 U. C, 2615( ( .Congr hasauhorzed t DeparmentofLabor 0 t ut S. j a)1) ess t i he t i j (DOL )o is i emen ig r guat sf rt FML 2 U. C. 2 4.Th s j t s ue mpl t e l i o he n on A. 9 S. j 65 ee 1 r atons ar ent l t def enc Bachel ,259 F. at1123,n. DO L r atons 2 egul i e i ed o er e. t der 3d 9. egul i 1 sat t îthe FMLA pr bisi erer 3 t e hat ll ohi t nt f encewi an empi srght undert l ' 29 t h oyee' i s he aw. ' l C. R. 825. a) Anyvol i oft FMLA iseloroft DOLr atonsc i e 4 F. j 220( . i aton he t f he egul i onstt ut l i eder 5 nt encewi anempl ee' rght undert FMLA.29 C. R. 825. b) The DOL t h oy s i s he F. j 2204 . 1 i er et ant f ence't i ude ' onl r usng t aut i FM LA I 6 nt pr s i erer ' o ncl ' not y ef i o horze . eave,but . ' 1 di agi anempl fom usi suc l '1 .see Xi Li v.AmwavCor ,347 7 scour ng oyee r ng h eave. #a ' ; n u n. ! I 1 F.d 1 2 1 3 ( t Ci. 03 . 8 3 1 5, 1 3 9 h r 20 ) 1 9 Her summar j e, y udgmenti notappr i e on Pl ntfsFMIA cl m becauset e s oprat ai i ' . ai f her . 20 i a ques i off whet Def s ton act her endanti erer wi Pl ntf rghtt t FMLA. l t s nt f ed t ai ifs i o ake h n hi ' 2l mater alhough Pl nt fconc t , t ai i f edes t he was neverdeni an FM LA l hat ed eave r equest he , 22 has r s a queston off tas t whet UMC i erer wi hi rghtt t FMLA. aied i ac o her nt f ed t s i o ake h . see Deposion ofBr ey S.W aler M . atached as Ex.R t Mot f Summ ar t i adl k , D. t o . or y 23 t . 24 Judgment( 9)at303) I t sr d,Pl nt fpr ded evi #11 . n hi egar ai i ovi f dencet hewasi or hat nf med 25 by UMC t he was r hat egues i FMLA i a m annert was 'nt r i cl c oper i ' tng n hat i eruptng i ni atons. ' 2 Se W ale De a tc ed a Ex R t Mo .orSummar J dgmen ( 1 at 7) 6 e k r p. ta h s . o t f yu t #1 9) 28 . 27 Pl nt' r v a m em o fom t Medi Diect atUM C,Har,r di Pl ntf ai i eceied f f r he cal r or t egar ng ai if ' 28 m ak ng changes t hi FM LA schedul l t m em o,Haë s at t Pl ntf w as i o s e. n hat t es hat ai if l 4 1 schedul t be of on Monday,Sept ber12,2005 f FM LA. ( M em o atac as ed o f em or See t hed 2 Ex. t Motf rSumma yJ d N o .o r u gmen ( 1 dae 9 1 05 . Ha t tt st a Pl n i was t #1 8) td / 2/ ) r sa e h t ait f f 3 i tal s nii l chedul t wor t day,' y ed o k hat ' howeveron Augus 23,2005 you submit a Leave t ted 4 Reques'aski f FMLA I ont day.1 Pl ntf I r t' ng or . eave hat #. ai i eave eques wasgr ed and fs t ant 5 hi uul book ci ccancel andt sf l y ed l ni l ed hosepatent r hedul ' ! OnSept i s esc ed. #. ember8, 6 2005,Pl n ifgener ed anot r aitf at her equestaski t wor agai on M onday,Sept ng o k n ember12, 7 2005,J Har deni Pl ni sr #. t ed aitf' equestt wor t dayaferhehad pr ousl r o k hat t evi y equesed t 8 FMLA I eave on t day. Acc di t Har,Pl nt fs r ds wer ' hat or ng o t ai i ' ecor f e devel ng a tendi opi r ng 9 pater ofchangi hi es abl tn ng s t i shed schedul ' e'based on Pl nt#' l m i t I ai i s ast nu e eave 1 0 ca g s !=. tif medPl ntft 'l stend i erupt notonl t wor f ofh! h n e #.Har nor ai i hat! hi r nt r s f ( t y.he k l tJ ow . 11 cl c and st fng r r ent butpatent ar i i ni afi equiem s, i s e nconveni enced by havi t be r ng o e- 1 schedul muli e tmes. J 2 ed tpl i ' #. ' 1 3 Alhough t f t Pl ntf r ved a m em o r di pr em s w ih hi uas t he act hat ai if ecei egar ng obl t s l t 1 m i t 'l 4 nu e' eave r eques changes does notcons iut a v ol i oft FM L perse,i does t tt e i aton he A t l r sea quesi off tsufi entt s vi summar jdgmentont i ofwhet hi 5 ai ton ac fci o ur ve yu he ssue her s 1 FM L rght wer i erer wih.I addii t e i a t por pr miy bet 6 . i s e nt f ed t n . A ton, her s em al oxi t ween 1 Pl n ir FM LA l 7 ai tf s eave r eques s and hi t m i i s fci t i erc t s er naton ufi ent o nf ausaton on t i hat 1 c ai . 8 lm l 9 Thus.bas on t f egoi t Cour deni Def ed he or ng, he t es endants m oton f s m ar ' i or um y 2 jd 0 u gmen o t scai t n hi l m. . 1 21 V. St e Law Cl m s at ai 22 Pl nt; has al o as t varous s at I cl m s i udi al ai i s sered i t e aw ai ncl ng l eged wr ongf ul 23 t m i i i vi aton ofs at I w hi l ow i and wr er naton n ol i t e aw stebl ng ongf t m i i f r usi t ul er naton or ef ng o 24 engage i iegalunet cal duct ( Compl( at26- .The Cour gr s n l / hi con . Am. l ,#20) 27) t ant 25 summar j y udgmentt Def o endantont hesecl ms.Pl nt r al i t hi ai ai i s l ons hat s f egat . 2 t m i i vi at Nevada l i uns 6 er naton ol ed aw s uppoded by t evi he dence and based on concl or , us y 27 al l i egat ons. 28 // / 1 5 1 6 . 1 l CO N CLUSI N O For t f egoi r he or ng easons, I I O RDERED t Def T S hat endants M oton f Sum m ar ' i or y Judgment( #113)i GM NTED I PART and DENI I PART. Def s N ED N endants moton i ' i s G RANTED as t Pl nt fs Fis Am endm entcl m and st e l c ai s. Def o ai i ' r t f ai at aw l m endants m oton ' i i DENI as t Pl ntf' Til V l and FM LA cl m s. s ED o ai ifs te l ai I I FURTHER ORDERED t a De e a ' Eme g c Mo i t Exen Ti ( 2 TS h t f nd nt s r en y t o t t me #1 8) on i G RANTED . s DATED : em ber27,201 Dec 0 ! . Unied St es t at 17 1 8 1 9 20 21 22 23 24 25 1 6 ti J rct udge ' j