Thompson v. Ferguson Police Department, No. 4:2019cv02308 - Document 8 (E.D. Mo. 2019)

Court Description: OPINION, MEMORANDUM AND ORDER - IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiffs motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis (Docket No. 2 ) is GRANTED.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the complaint is DISMISSED without prejudice. A separate order of dismissal will be entered herewith.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiffs motion for appointment of counsel (Docket No. 3 ) is DENIED as moot.IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiffs motion for electronic notice (Docket No. 5 ) is DENIED as moot. IT IS HEREBY CERTIFIED that an appeal from this dismissal would not be taken in good faith.. Signed by District Judge Henry Edward Autrey on 08/08/2019. (AAS)
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Thompson v. Ferguson Police Department Doc. 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI EASTERN DIVISION KELVIN THOMPSON, Plaintiff, v. FERGUSON POLICE DEPT., Defendant. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. 4:19CV2308 NAB OPINION, MEMORANDUM AND ORDER This matter is before the Court upon the motion of plaintiff Kelvin Thompson for leave to proceed in forma pauperis in this civil action. Upon consideration of the motion and the financial information provided in support, the Court concludes that plaintiff is unable to pay the filing fee. The motion will therefore be granted. Additionally, the Court will dismiss the complaint. Legal Standard on Initial Review Under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2), the Court is required to dismiss a complaint filed in forma pauperis if it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. An action fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted if it does not plead “enough facts to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007). An action is frivolous if it “lacks an arguable basis in either law or fact.” Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 328 (1989). The term “‘frivolous,’ when applied to a complaint, embraces not only the inarguable legal conclusion, but also the fanciful factual allegation.” Id. While federal courts should not dismiss an action commenced in forma pauperis if the facts alleged are merely unlikely, the court can properly dismiss such an action if the plaintiff’s allegations are found to be clearly baseless. Denton v. Hernandez, 504 U.S. 25, 32-33 Dockets.Justia.com (1992). Allegations are clearly baseless if they are “fanciful,” “fantastic,” or “delusional,” or if they “rise to the level of the irrational or the wholly incredible.” Id. An action is malicious when it is a part of a longstanding pattern of abusive and repetitious lawsuits or it contains disrespectful or abusive language, In re Tyler, 839 F.2d 1290, 1293 (8th Cir. 1988) (per curiam), or it is undertaken for the purpose of harassing the named defendants and not for the purpose of vindicating a cognizable right. Spencer v. Rhodes, 656 F. Supp. 458, 461-63 (E.D.N.C. 1987), aff’d 826 F.2d 1059 (4th Cir. 1987). When determining whether an action is malicious, the Court need not look only to the complaint before it but may also look to plaintiff’s prior litigious conduct. Cochran v. Morris, 73 F.3d 1310, 1316 (4th Cir. 1996). The Complaint Plaintiff filed the instant action on August 6, 2019, against the Ferguson Police Department. He states that since he filed a civil suit against the St. Louis Metropolitan Police Department, the Creve Coeur Police Department, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation, “they have now extended their harassment, racism, and civil rights violations to now enlisting the help of St. Louis County municipalities, including Ferguson Police Department, Cool Valley Police Department and Normandy Police Department.” Plaintiff alleges that these entities have brutal civil rights records. He declares that these entities have officers who “follow him 24/7.” He states that they “waste millions of dollars a day in government resources to follow me to Walmart just to see me buy a loaf of bread or to Taco Bell just to see me do a #1 or #2. Literally looking under stalls.” Plaintiff further alleges, “Ferguson police have even move…thus and operative next door to me in a condemned and not fit for occupancy house at 113 Dupree Ave in Ferguson Missouri, also have moved some across the street and on surrounding blocks. [They] and their undercover 2 officers and enlisted operatives and thugs from in and out of the state Yahweh members, Nation of Islam and masonic members harass and disrupt me every day of life.” They poison food, steal mail and intentionally wreck my vehicles in an attempt to kill or lame me.” In his complaint and supplemental pleadings, plaintiff asserts that he is bringing the present lawsuit pursuant to the following federal statutes: Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990; Title 18 U.S.C. §§ 241, 242 and 245 (conspiracy and federal protected activities); the Civil Rights Act of 1866 (§ 1981, which prohibits discrimination based on race); the Age Discrimination in Employment Act (“ADEA”); Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act; and Police Misconduct Provision 34 U.S.C. § 12601. Plaintiff seeks $100,000 in “actual damages” and $1,000,000 in “punitive damages” to purportedly “punish” defendant and deter future civil rights violations. Plaintiff’s Current Litigation Before the Court Between the dates of July 11, 2019 and the present, plaintiff has filed thirteen cases in this Court against a myriad of defendants. See Thompson v. SSA, No. 4:19-CV-1922 SNLJ (E.D.Mo.); Thompson v. SSA, 4:19-CV-2110 CDP (E.D.Mo.); Thompson v. SSA, No. 4:19-CV2115 (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. FBI, No. 4:19-CV-2134 SNLJ (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. Creve Coeur Police Dept., No. 4:19-CV-2138 NCC (E.D.Mo.); Thompson v. St. Louis Metro. Police, No. 4:19-CV-2139 SRC (E.D.Mo).; Thompson v. Eckles, No. 4:19-CV-2145 AGF (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. St. Louis Metro. Police Dept., No. 4:19-CV-2300 CDP (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. Marcantano, 4:19-CV-2301 CAS, (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. Normandy Police Dept., 4:19-CV2307 SPM (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. Ferguson Police Dept., No. 4:19-CV-2308 NAB (E.D.Mo.); Thompson v. Cool Valley Police Dept., 4:19-CV-2309 JMB (E.D.Mo); Thompson v. Harrison, 4:19-CV-2312 HEA (E.D.Mo). A review of plaintiff’s litigation history in this Court indicates that most, if not all of plaintiff’s actions appear to be factually frivolous in nature. See Denton, 3 504 U.S. at 32 (“[A] finding of factual frivolousness is appropriate when the facts alleged rise to the level of the irrational or the wholly incredible, whether or not there are judicially noticeable facts available to contradict them.”). Discussion Having carefully reviewed and liberally construed the complaint, the Court concludes that none of the allegations state a plausible claim for relief. The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure require litigants to formulate their pleadings in an organized and comprehensible manner. Civil plaintiffs are required to set out their alleged claims and the facts supporting those claims in a simple, concise, and direct manner. Even pro se litigants are obligated to plead specific facts and proper jurisdiction and abide by the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See McNeil, 508 U.S. at 113. Here, plaintiff has failed to follow the foregoing requirements. Although the Court is to give plaintiff’s complaint the benefit of a liberal construction, the Court will not create facts or construct claims. Plaintiff’s complaint is subject to dismissal for frivolity because the facts are clearly baseless. Plaintiff contends, without support, that the Ferguson Police Department has hired “thugs and convicts” to harass and intimidate him, follow him, poison his food, steal his mail, wreck his vehicles, and kill or maim him. This type of pleading is wholly incredible and rises to the level of irrational. See Owens-El v. United States, 2 Fed.Appx. 652, 658 (8th Cir. 2001) (stating that plaintiff’s allegations that the United States Parole commission, the Federal Bureau of Prisons, and the Federal Bureau of Investigations conspired to conceal the fact that plaintiff might be able to have a prior conviction overturned was frivolous and subject to preservice dismissal). Although plaintiff has listed a plethora of federal statutes in his complaint and supplemental pleadings that he believes the Ferguson Police Department has violated, he has not 4 stated specifically what behavior of the defendant was personally related or causally connected to a violation under each specific statute that he listed. See Madewell v. Roberts, 909 F.2d 1203, 1208 (8th Cir. 1990). Moreover, many of the statutes plaintiff has listed, presumably to establish this Court’s jurisdiction, simply do not apply to the instances outlined in the complaint. For example, there is no indication plaintiff was in an employment relationship with the Ferguson Police Department, therefore Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Age Discrimination in Employment Act do not apply to plaintiff in this action. Additionally, plaintiff has not indicated that he suffers from a disability, nor has he shown that he is a member of a protected class. Therefore, the ADA, the Rehabilitation Act and § 1981 simply do not apply in this case. And there is no private right of action for criminal conspiracy under 18 U.S.C. § 241, 242. For these reasons, the Court will dismiss this action as frivolous and for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i)-(ii). Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for leave to proceed in forma pauperis (Docket No. 2) is GRANTED. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the complaint is DISMISSED without prejudice. A separate order of dismissal will be entered herewith. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for appointment of counsel (Docket No. 3) is DENIED as moot. IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that plaintiff’s motion for electronic notice (Docket No. 5) is DENIED as moot. 5 IT IS HEREBY CERTIFIED that an appeal from this dismissal would not be taken in good faith. Dated this 8th day of August, 2019. HENRY EDWARD AUTREY UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 6