Johnston v. USA, No. 1:2016cv00116 - Document 5 (E.D. Mo. 2016)

Court Description: OPINION MEMORANDUM AND ORDER OF TRANSFER: IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the instant motion to vacate is DENIED, without prejudice, because movant has not yet obtained permission from the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit to bring the motion in this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk is directed to forward a copy of this Order to the Federal Public Defender. A separate Order of Dismissal shall accompany this Memorandum and Order. Signed by District Judge Henry Edward Autrey on 6/14/2016. (JMC)
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Johnston v. USA Doc. 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF MISSOURI SOUTHEASTERN DIVISION DEWEY C. JOHNSTON, Movant, v. UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Respondent. ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) No. 1:16CV116 HEA OPINION, MEMORANDUM AND ORDER OF TRANSFER This matter is before the Court on review of the June 13, 2016 letter from the Clerk of Court for the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit, stating that “Mr. Johnston does have a pending Successive Habeas petition filed in this court under case number 16-2505. The matter is before this court and under consideration” [Doc. 4]. On or about June 1, 2016, movant had also filed a motion to vacate, set aside or correct sentence pursuant to 28 U.S.C. ' 2255 in this Court [Doc. 1], claiming that the Supreme Court case of Johnson v. United States, 135 S.Ct. 2551 (2015), decided in June of 2015, should be applied to his case in order to reduce his sentence. Upon review of the Court’s records, it appears that movant previously brought a § 2255 action that was denied on the merits. See Johnston v. United States, No. 1:09-CV-96-HEA (E.D. Mo). As such, the instant motion is a Asecond or successive motion@ within the meaning of 28 U.S.C. §§ 2244 & 2255. The instant motion has not yet been certified by the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit as required by the AEDPA. Under 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h): 1 Dockets.Justia.com A second or successive motion must be certified as provided in section 2244 by a panel of the appropriate court of appeals to contain-(1) newly discovered evidence that, if proven and viewed in light of the evidence as a whole, would be sufficient to establish by clear and convincing evidence that no reasonable factfinder would have found the movant guilty of the offense; or (2) a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive to cases on collateral review by the Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable. When a second or successive habeas petition is filed in a District Court without the authorization of the Court of Appeals, the Court should dismiss it, or, in its discretion and in the interests of justice, transfer the motion to the Court of Appeals. Boyd v. U.S., 304 F.3d 813, 814 (8th Cir. 2002). Because movant has apparently already filed an action with the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals as a request to file a second or successive § 2255 motion based on Johnson, this Court will not transfer the instant action, but rather, will dismiss it without prejudice to refiling if, and when, movant obtains permission to do so. Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that the instant motion to vacate is DENIED, without prejudice, because movant has not yet obtained permission from the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit to bring the motion in this Court. See 28 U.S.C. § 2255(h). IT IS FURTHER ORDERED that the Clerk is directed to forward a copy of this Order to the Federal Public Defender. 2 A separate Order of Dismissal shall accompany this Memorandum and Order. Dated this 14th day of June, 2016 ___________________________________ HENRY EDWARD AUTREY UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 3