Mears v. Mason, No. 9:2016cv81983 - Document 22 (S.D. Fla. 2017)

Court Description: ORDER AND OPINION denying 18 Motion to Dismiss for Failure to State a Claim. Signed by Judge Donald M. Middlebrooks on 4/10/2017. (yha)
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Mears v. Mason Doc. 22 UNI TED STATES DI STRI CO URT CT SOUTHERN DI STRI O F FLO RI CT DA CASE NO .1 81 6- 983- V- I CI M DDLEBRO OKS J ES M EARS, AM Pli if antf, MI CHAEL D. ASON a CND3, M nd m C. , De e f ndant, s / ORDER AND O PI ON DENYI G DEFENDANT CND3.I ' M OTI TO NI N NC.S ON DI I SM SS THI CAUSE c me beo et eCo r u o De e d n CND3, n .s($ S o s f r h u t p n fn a t l c' $ CND3' M oi n ' to ) t Dimis(Mo in', ie o F b u r 9 2 7. ( 1 ) Plitf J me Me r (pli tf ) o s s d to ' fld n e r ay , 01 DE 8 , an if a s as i anif' t ) i sld a Repo e i o p ii o Fe u r 1 2 7 ( 2 ) t wh c CND3 r pid o e s ns n p ost n br ay 7, 01 DE 0 , o ih on el n e Fe uay24, 7( 21.Fort ras sae bel t M otoni de e br r 201 DE ) he e ons ttd ow,he i s nid. BACK GRO UND Pli ifi a dia e i vi lwihi t mea ng oft Ame i a wih Dia ltes antf s s bld ndi dua t n he ni he rc ns t s biii Ac of1 ($ ',42 U. C.j 1 01 ets q. a r i si Flrda.( t 990 i ADA' ) S. 21 , e , nd esde n o i Amende Compl nt d ai , heei trS r nafe i compli ' or$ ant' i Comp1, a ! 2) CND3 i a Fl i comorton t opeae a .' t . ' s orda ai hat rts he l r c t i phar y' t228 Fedea Hi y,Lake ) rl ghwa pha m a known as t Robao Phama y (he S mac ',a r cy, Pak FL 3 4 3 (d a ! 6 .Th p r c i o eo sv rlb sn se lc td wi i ap r e r , 3 0 . 1 . t ) e hama y s n f e e a u ie s s o ae t n ac l h o p o e t (h d r p ry' (d.a ! 2 o e a d o e ae b De e d n M ih e D.M a o f r p ry t e t o e t' i t ) wn d n p rtd y fn a t c a l p ) sn (Ma o ' t g te wihCND3 ' ee a t' (d.a ! 7 , CND3 i alg d t b Sh lse , d s n' o eh r t d , , O fnd n s' i t ) ) s le e o e s e e s e t s b ls e , e s ra do o rt ro t ra p o rya d i o e n swh c aetes b e to u -e s e lso n / r peao f he e l r pet n mpr v me t ih r h u j c f t i a to , tJ. t 6 ,Plitf i ac tme o t ep ama y (d. t 3 . hs cin' f a ! ) an if s uso r f h h r c . 1 a ! ) ' Dockets.Justia.com Pl ntf Compl nta lgest tt pha m a y a pr ryt whi h i beongsa ebot ai ips ai le ha he r c nd ope t o c t l r h publc a ommo ins a sr ie e t ihment,a dei d by t ADA. (d.a ! 1 . i cc dato nd e vc sabls s s fne he 1 t 2) Furhe ,a or ng t t Compli ,net ri i compla wih t A DA o isAcc sbiiy t r cc di o he ant ihe s n ince t he rt es i lt Gui i ($ delnes $ ADAAG' . (d.a ! 1 . To demonsrt Dee n s l k ofc i e,t ' 1 t 4) ) tae fnda t ' ac omplanc he Co a nti l esa ls ofvi a i t thi mpli nc ud it oltons ha nderPl ntf ac es t u t wihi t pr ry. ai ips c s o nis t n he ope t (#. ! 1 .Oft epur td vi atons onl t e c nzuni ( ) wher t phar cyi / at 8) hes pore ol i , y hre once t 228 , e he ma s lc td (# a ! 1 d-.,I a dto , 1t e r lt p riual t t r u efo te' ak n o ae . / . t ! 8 .f) n d iin alhre eae a t lry o he o t r m h s r i g c p s a e n a ( ep a ma y 't tep r c i ef' P an ifd e n talg t a t itro o p c e r t h r c l'o h hama y t l. litf o s o le e h t he n eir f h s t pha cy cont ns a s ii dei e es unde t ADA or ADAAG. Conve s y,he he nna ai ny pec tc fcinci r he r el doe al t tt i t rorofa c ran dhrf sor ' on t pr ry f t esvi a i oft s lege ha he n e i e ti t it t e' he ope t eaur t oltons he ADAAG.(d. t 1 b.. 1 a! 8 ) CND3s e t d s s teAme d d Co lit ru nt oFe . Ci.P.1 ()6 .As e ks o imis h n e mpan pu s a t d R. v 2b ( ) gr ndsf dimis l CND3 co e t tnone ofa l ed ADA vi a i c n be ati e t ou or s s a , nt nds ha leg oltons a trbut d o i, snc not ng i t Com pl nt de c i ba e s t Pli if ta a i busnes as a t i e hi n he ai s rbes ni r o antf r ns ctng i s c so ri tt e gh r c l' ( 1 a 2 . Asmo e f l tehe ou i is Re l b if u t me i h p a ma y . DE 8 t ) a ' r ul l s d t n t py re, y CND3' t or t ns on t cli t Pl ntf doe nots fc e l al e is c r ove t s he y ur he am hat ai if s ufi i nty leg t ontol r he paki l ort itso e whih a et onl e e st r t o t as e td ADA vi a i . r ng ot hrf t r , c r he y xpr s a ge s f he s re oltons LEG A L STAN D AR D A motont dimisunde Rul 1 b)6)c le est l ls fce ofac ant i o s s r e 2( ( halng he ega ufiincy ompli , S eFe .R, v.P.1 ( )6 . l a s si t lg ls fiin yofac mpan ' alg to ,te e d Ci 2 b ( ) n se sng he e a u fce c o lits le ains h Cour i bound t a y t pladi sa r a tcult d i Bel AtantcCor v.Twombl 550 ts o ppl he e ng tnda d ri a e n l l i p. y, 1One of t alege vi ai c e ns t l l o t ia e s ail 't t par ng s c he l d ol tons onc r he eve f he 'cc s se' o he ki pa e. ( Compla ! l ) Theot rt dea wiht sopea fnihi oft r mp ladi fom t . t 8d.. he wo l t he l nd i s ng he a e ng r he pakn s a et tep r c (d. t I 1 e-.. r ig p c o h hama y. 1 a ! 8 . ) ! f U. 5 4 ( 0 7 a dAs c o v l a , 5 U. 6 2, 7 ( 0 9 .Th ti,h c mp an ' t. S. 4 2 0 ) n h rh . qb l 5 6 S. 6 6 8 2 0 ) a s t e o lit i mus . . c a n s fcintf t ma tr a e e astue t çt t a cli t r le t ti pl usbl on onti ufi e acual te , cc pt d r , o sae a m o e if ha s a i e isfce.' Am.De alAs ' v.Ci a Cor n605 F. 1 1289 ( 1h Ci.201 ( tng t a '' nt sn gn p. 3d 283, 1 t r 0) quoi Twombl 55 U. a 570) 'Dimis li t rf epemitdwhe ont ba i ofadipostve y, 0 S. t . l s s a s heeor r te n he ss s ii is ofl no consr ton oft f t alega i wils s ue aw, tuc i he acual l tons l uppor t ca e ofa ton.' Gl r t he us c i ' ove v Li etGr ,I c, 9F.d 1 0 ,l 0 ( 1h Ci. 0 (nen lq o ai n o te )( ing . gg t p. n . 45 3 3 4 3 8 1 t r 20 6) i tr a u tto s mitd ct i Ma s a l y Bd o c p Ma s alCy'Ga Dit 9 2F. d 1 71 1 7 ( 1hCi. 9 3 rh l C/' fEdu . . r h l . s s. 9 2 1 , 1 4 1 t r 1 9 :. . , W hen r vi ng a moton t dim is a c tm us c tu pl ntf' c pl nti t e ewi i o s s , our t onsr e ai ifs om ai n he lgh m os f vor bl t pli if a t ke t f t l a lga i saed t r n as tu Se i t t a a e o antf nd a he acua le tons t t he ei r e. e Erc s p Par '551U. 8 93 ( ) Chrso rv Har r 536 U. 403,406 ( 2) ik on . dus S. 9, 2007 ; itphe . buy S. 200 ; Br o s v Ble Cr s ('Bl e S il o FI. l c, l 6 F.d 1 6 1 6 ( 1h Ci. 1 9 ) o k . u o s f u hed f a, n . 1 3 3 4, 3 9 1 t r 9 7 . Howe r pladi t t:a e no mor t n c l i ,a e not e il t t as umpton of ve , e ngs ha ir e ha onc usons r ntted o he s i tut W hie l l c usons ca pr de t fa r h. l ega oncl i n ovi he r mewo k of a c r ompl nt t y mus be ai , he t s uppored by f cua alegai . I ,556 U . a 678;se alo Si tai v.Coc col t a t l l tons' qbal ' S. t e s nalr nal a- a Co,5 8F.d 1 5 ,1 6 ( 1h Ci. 0 )(ttn ta a u wa td d d cin o f c i n t . 7 3 2 2 2 0 1 t r 2 09 saig h t n n nune e u to f a t s o c i rdtuef pur eofd emi ngwhet racai i lgaly s fcent. onsdce r or pos etr ni he l m s e l ufii ) Ge a l a pl ntf i notr quied t deti a1 t f ct upon whih he ba e hi cai . ner ly, ai if s e r o a l l he a s c ss s l m Fe R.Ci P.8()2) Rat ,Rul 8a ( rquiesas ta pli satme oft cl m t t d. v. a( . her e ()2) e r hor nd an t e nt he ai ha f ry notfest def nda ofb h t cl m a t s ail ii he e nt ot he ai nd he uppori gr tng ounds Twombl 550 U. a . y, S. t 555-6. Howe r i e 8()2)silr r a Showi 'rt rt n a blnke ase ton,of 5 ve , i Rul a( tl equies s ng, ahe ha a t sri entte e t r i 'I a 556 n. Pl ntf i i aton t pr de t ' ou 'of hi ilm nt o elef' d t 3. ai ips s g i o ovi he gr nds obl s ( tte e t r le r quie mor t n l l a c l i , a f mul i r cia i oft en ilm nt o ei f e r s e ha abes nd oncusons and or ac e t ton he eeme sofaca eofa i wilnotdo. l a 555 ( tton omitd) iFacua ale to l nt us cton l ' d t ' ciai te . i t l lgains mu t ee o g t rie glitf )rg t or l fa o etes c ltv lv lo t ea s mpin s b n u h o as pan ifs ih t ei b v h pe u ai e e e, n h su to e t tal oft aleg i nsi t c ha l he l ato n he ompl i a etue' I ant r r .' d D I U SSI N SC O P rua tt Ti e1Io t eADA,tn o idvdu ls alb ds rmi td a an to t e us n o t l f h l s l n ii a h l e ici nae g i s n h g b sso d s bl y i t f l a d e ua e j y n o t e g od ,s r ie ,f clte ,p i ie e , a i f ia it n he u l n q l no me t f h o s e vc s a iiis rvlg s i adva age ,o a comm oda i ofa pl c ofpublcac omm oda i by a pe s who owns nt s r c tons ny a e i c ton ny r on , lass( l s t ,orope aesa pl eofpublc a ommodai ' 42 U. C.j 1 82() A e e or eaes o) rt ac i cc ton.' S. 21 a. i bl a c mmo ain'dici n tsa an tt e ds be b ,itr a i,t alig t rmo e ' i c o d t ' s rmiae g is h ia ld y ne la i il ) o e v pu c o f n a chiecur ba e s ...i exitng f ciii ...whe e s h r r t t al ni r n si a ltes r uc emovali r adiy a e bl ' 42 s e l chiva e. ' U. C.j 1 1 b)2)A)i . I al i t tt e si desgn oft a ce sil a rmp S. 2 82( ( ( (v) n legng ha he xitng i he c s se nd a l di fom t pa ki s ce S ar't pha ma t t pha ma is fi a ba re t e r ea ng r he r ng pa f ' he r cy o he r cy tel s ne ri r o nty, Pli ifha f c al satd a cli t thi sa ut y rghthasbe i ded. Houson v M ar a ntf s a i ly t e am ha s tt or i en nva t . od Su r k s f . 733 F. 1 pe mar et, nc, 3d 323, 1 32 ( 1h Ci.201 (xpl ni t twhe a pl ntf 3 1t r 3) e ai ng ha n ai if i oun e sa c t ct a ba e st tdic i nat ag ns hi on t ba i ofhi dia lt ' he ' enc t r r hie ur l ni r ha s rmi e ai t m he ss s s biiy, ' d a s fee ij r i p e ieyt e fr te sau ewa itn e t g a d a an t)(iain t s u frd nu y n rcs l h o m h ttt s ne d d o u r g is' ctto s h ' omitd) te . As CND3 obs r s Pl ntf doesno alege t tCND3 owns l s s or ope aes 'he e ve , ai if t l ha , ea e , rt k t e tr r a rrwef'( 21a 3 ( mp a i i o i ia) o l ta i i Sh lse ,s -e s e n ie e l t ry' DE t ) e h ss n rgn l, ny h t t s i e e s e ub lse , t lso a do o rtr o t e ra prp ry a d i r v me t whc ae te s b e to t s e s r n /r peao f h e l o e t n mp o e n s ih r h u j c f hi a t n. ( mpl a ! 6 . l CND3 sv e i i n c s ay f ra ADA plitf t p e d t a a ci ' Co . t ) n o ' ' iw, t s e e s r o n an if o la h t defnd nte r ie a s fce l lof c r ov t s cii a chie t a f a ur s a is e a xe c s s ufi int eve ontol er he pe fc r t c ur l e t e t s ue. Ot r s ,S n i vi c d us 42U. C.j 1 1 a a amehod ofr hewie s ndi dual oul e a S. 2 82() s t andoml s ng e r y ui ve y co me ciltnantt ti la i a s e i a buidi or sr t e f a ale d mi ADA m r a e ha s e sng pac n l ng tucur or n lge nor 4 vilto i t ep r i g1 ta j c n t teb idn whe teo e o s i b li c nr lte oain n h ak n o d a e t o h u lig n h wn r f ad ui ng o to h d us andi ove ntt t paki l . ( 21a 3 . e mpr me o he r ng ot' DE ' t) I ag e t t ha Pli if pl CND3 wa a l s e onl of Uni 228,t Am e d r e ha , d antf ed s es e y t he nde Compl i woul be i deq t Alho h I a not a r of a El ve h Cic t o ni n ant d na uae. t ug m wa e ny e nt r ui pi o c r tng t s is ,t Ni h Cic t has pe s i l e a ne t t a c mer i ll s ee onfon i hi s ue he nt r ui r uasvey xpli d ha om ca e s ca nnotbe hel la e f a c t cur lba rer ,a i pa tc a , r ng l s ce ,i rwhi d ibl or r hit t a ri s nd n riulr pa ki ot pa s i ove ch i h sn c n r l' Ko lr p #e Bah & Be on #' . 1 7 0 F.d 1 6 ,1 6 ( t Ci. t a o o to . he . # t ' y d Cal 1C, 8 3 2 0 2 4 9h r , 201 . Tha i be a e t tr ofj 1 82( r r t ta ' i ac ommodai 'eihe 5) t s c us he ems 21 a) equie ha ' c c publ ton' t r be r a f malpr t r l tons p t t ar t c ur lbani r or S r t ' i - a ve b whih a or opery e ai hi o he chie t a e i a e' t ope r c i i sa lvelofc r ordie i o rt bani rs f toni Pi e n v,Pir l I mple e ontol r cton ve he e ' unc i ng. ck r e mpors t ( ) l . 457 F.d 963,966 (t Ci.2006)2 A tnan i no pr xitng c r ofa US., nc, 3 9h r . e ts has ee si ontol Pr pe t,'a llc a lgalr a i hi 't i e e as de i d by t t m s of a las o ry ' nd 'a ks ny e eltons p' o t xc pt fne he er e e. Kohlr,780 F. a 1 e 3d t 264. Asa r ul,a c es t ommer alt nts ADA oblga i e e onl t ci ena ' i tons xt nd y o t e s ii s c ove whih t l s gr nt i contol- a nott ' e e l i y unde hos pecfc pa es r c hc ea e a s t r nd o s as xc usvel ar r tec to o telndo d'i. t1 6 , r h ln lr j itywihaneg o iglse . h onr l f h a lr ' d a 2 6 o t e a do d on l t , ihb rn e s e3 The pr e f CND3 i t Pl ntf ha pl t ti i t ils e ',tls o ',and o oblm or s hat ai if s ed ha t s he te s e' ie s r' / r ' p rt r' fte s b e tb rir. ( mp . t! 6 . Mo e v r a s mig CND3 t b a lse , ' eao 'o h u j c ares Co l a ) r o e, su n o o e ese t r i no e de e,asofye ,a he e s vi nc t boutt pa a e e sofislas wih M a on. Kohl r wasaca e he r m t r t e e t s e s rve n ad src c u tsd cso o s mmayj d me t I . t1 61 Th ,t eCo r te e e iwig itit o r' e iin n u r u g n . d a 2 . us h u t h r 'Mor ove,t De rme ofJ tce' (i ' i eme i rgultonsdefne a Gfciiy' e r he pa t nt usi s i ' mpl ntng e ai DOJ ) i ka lt ' u rj 1 82( ( ( (v)t i udeonl 't st ove whi t prvaee iy ma e cie nde 21 b)2)A)i o ncl y khe ie r ch he i t ntt y xer s c r or on whi h a pl e of publc a omm odai or a c mer i f c lt i l aed.' ontol c ac i cc ton om cal a iiy s oc t ' 'f e n,45 F. a 966- ( i 28 C. R.Pt 36,App.B.a 681( move t App.C) ck r 7 3d t 67 quotng F. . t now do ) (mphassi oi nal. e i n rgi ) 3Th Cour i Kohl as e mi d t ADA ' l sa i hit y a t DOJ r ultons t e tn er lo xa ne he S egiltve sor nd he eg a i o butr sisc uson.Se / a 1 66. tes t oncl i e #.t 2655 ha t be ftofa f lf c ua r c d e t bls ng t tt ls e ha no con r ove any a eaof d he ne i ul a t l e or sa i hi ha he e s e d tol r r t pr pe t s pa ki l . He e,Pl n ifhas notmade a al ga i a he o ry' r ng ot r aitf ny le tons boutt di son of he vii p ope t rght a d i bewe n M as a CND3. r ry i s nd utes t e on nd Att m o i t dim is sa a def nda i n i r he ton o s s tge, e nt i not ntoduc ne a l to or ne ca e w lega ins w fcs'o rb tap an ifspla ig . Bate l Bul r ,I c v S n , 43F.d 1 6 1 6 a t't e u litf e dn s tl d i s n . . wa go 7 2 0 0, 0 3 he de ( hCi,1 4)4 Thus t Cour c nnotrl onCND3' te tng a sri i isRe ybreft t 4t r 98 . ,he ta ey s l ei se ton n t pl i ha Shepaki l ( i o ' t r ng ot 1 s wneda co r l byDee tMas ' ( 21at3) s eRodge sv nd ntoled fndan on.' DE ;e r . Cl m Jumpe Re t,LLC,No.1 CVai r s. 3- 5496 YGR,201 W L 1 5 886708,at*6- @ . Ca.Apr 7 D, l . 2 201 ( ci ngt a yKohlr' hol ngt ba applc tonf at ne sfespet ni t 4, 5) de lni o ppl e s di o r iai or tor y' e rai ng o ADA common a e par ng l c am be us ,unlke i Kohl r t c e s tld be or c t r a ki ot l i ca e i n e , hat as ete f e our c d dic r fom fct lrco dt naur ofl s e' c r ove co oul s en r a ua e r he t e ese s ontol r mmonara) Atl s i e . eat n t or i i pos i et tCND3' l s co e r d o t t na rght a orr s nsbiii st t he y, t s sbl ha s ea e nf re n he e nt i s nd/ e po i lte ha e ompas e t ne r pa ki s e. nc s d he a by r ng pac Ac or ngl i i he e O RDERED a ADJUDG ED t tDef nt CND3,I ' c di y, t s r by nd ha enda nc.s Motont Dimis( 1 i DENI i o s s DE 8) s ED. J / DONE AND O RDERED i Ch mb r,a W n a es t Pam e c ,Flrd ,t e d y o l a h oia hi a f Aprl 201 i, 7. D LD M .M I LEBRO OK S DD UN I TED STATES DI STRI JUDGE CT C C* A1 Couns lofRec d l e or 4The e i a lm ie e pton t t s r l bas on t i nc por ton by r e e e docrne' r s i t d xce i o hi ue, ed he t or a i i ef r nc ti ,' unde whih adoc r c umentat he t moton t dimisma beco i rd i i 1 c rlt t tac d o i o s s y nsdee f i ) enta o he ( pli ifscam;a ( undiputd. Horly v Fe#/ 304 F. l1 11 4 (11h Ci.2002) antf li nd 2) s e ' ' se . / , 3d 25, 3 t r ; s e alo Da v.Ta or 400 F. 1 e s y yl , 3d 272,1 ( 1h Ci.2005 . l t s c e,CND3 hasnot 276 1 t r ) n hi as a t he a c oft l a e orpr d t tis s tac d opy he e s ove ha t ugge ton t tM as hasexcusve c r over si ha on l i ontol t pa ki 1 ti i s e ' he r ng o s i undiputd. ' 6