Barberi v. Luisi Dollar Discount Mini Market, Inc. et al, No. 1:2017cv20522 - Document 13 (S.D. Fla. 2017)

Court Description: ORDER denying 9 Motion to Dismiss; denying 10 Motion to Dismiss. Defendants shall file an answer to Plaintiff's complaint no later than 7/3/2017. Signed by Judge Federico A. Moreno on 6/16/2017. (kcg)
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Barberi v. Luisi Dollar Discount Mini Market, Inc. et al Doc. 13 UNI TED STATES DI STRI COURT FOR THE CT SOU TH ERN D I STRI OF FLO RI A CT D M i miDi son a vii C as N um be 17e r: 20522- I - O REN O C V M REN ZO BA RBERI , Pl nt f ai if, VS. LU I DO LLA R D I SI SCOU N T M l l N M ARKET,I C.D/ A CASTI N , B/ LLO M ARKET a BROTHERS, nd LLC, De e nt . f nda s / O R DE R D EN Y I G DEFEN D A NT S'M O TI N S TO D I I N O SM SS BA C K G R O UN D Thi c e i aones as s countAm e i nswih Dia ltesAc cai by Re Ba be ia ns rca t s biii tlm nzo r r gai t LuiiDola Dic s l r s ountM i M a ketd/ / Casil M ar ta t l s / wne ofCa tlo ni r b a tlo ke nd he es oro r sil M a ke , m a a Br t r ,LLC.Ba ber i apa a e cwho viie t M a ke t pur ha e r t Di r nd o he s r i s r plgi st d he r t o c s g oc re , twa t bl t s e s uly s bec us ofc ran ar hie t albounda i s r e i s bu s ma e o ucc s f l hop a e e ti c t c ur re a lge y vi atng va i ADA pr sonsi vi ac s i er e ,diabld- s le dl ol i rous ovii nvol ng; ce sbl outs s e peron pa ki s ce ,pa s nge l di z r ng pa s s e r oa ng ones sg , i nage,s l-er em e c e fs v r handie ases se ,b oken s il , t ps r tl a une n s f e ,s r i co e s a s vie a ea . Ba be ia lgest tr movalof ies nd ve urac s e vce unt r , nd er c r s r r le ha e t s dic i i t y ba re si r adiy a hiva eandt hni ly f asbl He lvesi cos he e s rm na or r ir s e l c e bl ec ca l e i e. i n l e pr miyt t M a ke ,i fe nty i t a ea a i e t r t n wihi t ne sx oxi t o he r t s r que l n he r , nd ntnds o eur t n he xt i m ont t s ort f t ri s i t A D A c planc hs o hop o ur he nve tga e om i e. Dockets.Justia.com Bab r alg s1 t tl ilto so t eADA1a ds e d ca ao ya dij n tv r e i le e 2 oa vo ai n f h n e ks e lrtr n n u cie r i .Def nt movet dim ist c pl ntor ale na i y,move f am or defnie elef enda s o s s he om ai , t r tvel or e i t sae n . Sp ii aly, De e d n sman an ta:( )Babeilc sa dng ( )tec mplit ttme t2 ecfc l f n a t iti h t 1 r r a ks tn i ; 2 h o an i af m compl ntt tf ist pl a a dia lt ora c t t alba re se ount e by s or ai ha a l o e d ny s biiy r hiecur r ir nc er d Babei a d( )teM ak ti n tg ven db t eADA b c us i i n taplc o p bi r r; n 3 h r e s o o r e y h e a e t s o a e f u lc a commodaton.Thi Cour c ude t tBa ber' c c i s t oncl s ha r is ompli ti s fce , gr nt l vet a n s uf int but a s ea o Dee d n st ra g sa dn a s mma yj d me t t teb n f o amo ec mplt fn a t o e r ue t n ig t u r u g n wih h e eh f r o ee r co d. e r I. I LEG A L STA ND A R D t pl di t tsa e ac am f r le m us c an.. s r a pli sa e ntoft t ea ng ha t t s l i or ei f t ont i .a ho t nd a n t t me A he cam s ngt tt pla i e ildt rle.'FED. CI P. a)2) çlos vi a li howi ha he e der s ntte o eif' R. V. 8( ( . t' ur ve ' m o i t dimis aco pl ntm us co an s fce f c ualma t ,a e e astue t ttt a ton o s s , m ai t nt i ufi int a t ter cc pt d r , o sae cam t r l f h ti plu il o isf c .'As c otv I b l 5 6U. 6 2, 7 ( 0 9 li o ei t a s a sbe n t a e' h rj . q a , 5 S. 6 6 8 2 0 ) e ' ( i BelAt.Cor v.Twombl 550U. 544,570( quotng l l p. y, S. 2007).Whiedealdf cual ) l tie a t al to ar notr quied,t a lga i mus i l ç no t r iea rghtt r le a ve legai ns e e r he le tons t nc ude t ugh o a s i o e if bo e t s c a i l ve .' Twombl 550U . a 555. A pladi m us ofe m or t n t a sa he pe ultve e l' y, S. t e ng t f r e ha i bel nd l c l i ' o t f m ul cr ia i oft e e nt oft c us ofa ton. f oncusons' r é or ai ect ton he l me s he a e c i ' #. a ' 1The c ompl nts ai uggesst t ea eot rvi ai notye know n, buti tfa ea t a on-ie t hat her r he oltons t den iibl fer n st i peci Howe r asDefnda sar Baber ha nosa ng f cl msa i ng fo vi ainsofwhih he ns ton. ve , e nt gue, r i s tndi or ai rsi r m olto c lc know l a ked edgea t tm et c pl ntw a fld.Se Acc s N ow,I .v.S.Fl St um Cop. 1 F.Su t he i he om ai s ie e es nc a. adi r , 61 pp. 2 15 1 6 ( D. l. 0 ) d 3 7, 3 4 S. Fa 2 01. 2De e nt e h tld as part , butnca l i ialmoton.Thus t Cour te st t motonsas f nda s ac ie e ae ry dentc i , he tr at he wo i One. - 2- 11 1. A. ANALYSI S St andi ng Deenda sa g t tBa be idoe no ha sa ng t brng hi cl m .Att m o i f nt r ue ha r r s t ve t ndi o i s ai he ton t dim issa t course ua e sandi bas on t f t alege i t c o s s tge, he t val t t ng ed he ac s l d n he ompli . Shot ant z v Cats, F. 1 1 1( 1hCi.2001.Toesa ih sandi apl ntf mus stsy . e 256 3d 077, 08 1 t r ) tbls t ng, ai if t aif t rer q ie n s ( )ij r n f c; 2 ac u a c n e to b t e teij r a dte h e e urme t: 1 n u pi-a t ( ) a s l o n cin ewe n h n u y n h c aln e c n u t a d( )ta teij r wil rd e sdb afvo a l d csot fua v h le g d o d c; n 3 h t h nu y lbe e r se y a r b e e iir j n . De n e so Wi l e 5 4U. 5 5 5 0 61( 9 2 . # d r f l f , 0 S. 5 , 6 - 1 9 ) d P o fo patd srmiaini vilto o t eADA stsist eij r -n-a t r o f s ic i n to n oain f h aife h nu y i fc rquieme .Acc s Now,I v S.Fl St um Cor ,1 F.Supp. 1 1 ( D. a. e r nt e s nc. . a. adi p. 61 2d 357, 364 S. Fl 2 01.Bu , pli tf s e i gij ci er l fi rlto t f t r c n u tas f s s o a 0 ) ta anif e k n nun tv ei n eain o uu e o d c lo ç t h w e mu s t intlke i ufk e i lhood t thewilbeafec e by t a lgedl unl wf conduc i t f ur ' ha l f t d he le y a ul t n he ut e. ' Hou t v Mar Su r k t,I .733F. 1 1 ( 1hCi. 3) Saddifrnty,i son , od pe mar es nc, 3d 323, 328 1 t r 201 . i fee l n ADA c s s ap an ifmus e tbls u/ ic i nainz dfu u eds rmiaint s tsy a e , litf t sa ih#f d s rmi to n t r ici n to o aif J ij r n f c. See J at1329 Thetra o f t r d srmiainh st b Se la d nu pi-a t3 h e t f uu e ic i n to a o e û a n r . i dae a o p e t meeyc n e tr l rh p t eia. #. ctn Sh t, 5 F.da mme it- s p os d o rl o j cu a o y o h tc l'f (iig oz 2 6 3 t ' 1 ) Her,Dee nt a g t tBabeidoesno a 081. e fnda s r ue ha r r t dequaeyalegepas dic i nai ort tl l t srmi ton he t e toff t edic i i ton. hr a ' ur s rm na i u Ba b r Su ce t Ale sPa t s rmi to r e i m in l lge s Dic i nai n y Dee d n sag et a Bab r ddn ts fra ij r -n fc b c us h spu p s f r fn a t r u h t r e i i o ufe n nu yi -a t e a e i r o e o e e i t M ar twast obt n evi ncef one ofhi mor t n 300 ADA l ws t fl a a nt rng he ke o ai de or s e ha a uis ied s ç ese . Ba be ir s i tr' r r e pondst thi m otvef viii t M a ke i ir e nt TheElven h t ' ha s i or stng he r t s relva . e t 3Ij n tv rle i teo l fr o r l f v i bcu d rTil IIo t ADA.S e4 U. C. 1 8 () nu cie eif s h ny om f ei a al l n e te 1 fhe e a e 2 S. j 21 8a. - 3- Cic t a ce ryh l t t t se ' mo ief rvii n aso ed e n t e aeij r n fc. ruih s lal ed ha a e trs tv o st g t r o s o n g t nu pi-a t i Houson,733 F.d a 1 t 3 t 334.Thus Ba be is300 lws t ha no r a i t hi sa ng t , r r' a uis ve elton o s t ndi o brngt si vi lcl m .He e,a e i a1 f t i t compl i a tu Ba be ia l est t i hi ndi dua ai r cc ptng 1 ac s n he ant s r e, r r leg ha hei dia e a w a de ed f la e lte t nta t M ar tbe us hee ountr d s s bld nd s ni ul nd qua r a me t he ke ca e nc e e dic i naor ba re s Thi i s fcintt s w pas dic i i ton. s rmi t y r ir . s s uf e o ho t s rm nai 2. Ba b r Su ce t Al ge Thr a o t r Dic i na in a t r e i m in l l s e t fFu u e s rmi to the y e M oton t Dlzlu St ge i o t zf a ç De e nt a guet tBa be idoesnots fcenty al get thewils f rf tle f nda s r ha r r ufi i l le ha l ufe utr d srmi to be a ehi p tnil or t nt t eM ake i s e u ai , nda ij n to ic i nain c us s o e ta t em' o h r t s p c ltve a n n u cin ba e on Ba be iss a ousdesr t vii t M a ke woul bei ope .I r pons , sd r r' pont ne ie o st he r t d mpr r n es e Ba be isa on hi alega i t thi i e i t vii s ei i t ne sx mont r r t nds s l ton ha s nt nton o st om tme n he xt i hs s tsi sa ng. aifes t ndi Coursi t sDititha l ke a f urf c or whe c i i t lke i t n hi src ve oo d t o a t s n onsderng he i lhood of f t ADA ds rmiain'( )p o i t o t es b e tp o e t t p an ifsr sd n e ( ume ici n to . 1 r x miy f h u j c r p ry o litf e ie c ,2) pli ifspatpar geoft defndans'busnes,( dei tve sofplitf plnt antf' s tona he e t i s 3) fnii nes anifs a o rt r , n ( )p an ifsfe u n yo ta e n a t es b e tp o e t xv Mo rsJ pie eu n a d 4 litf rq e c f r v l e r h u j c r p ry.Fo . r i u tr As oc .No.05s s, 80689,2007W L 281 9522, t*4( D.Fl Se .25,2007) s aloSiv v a S. a. pt ; ee s la . Ba it a t S Fl.I c, 5 F.d 8 4, 3 ( 1hCi. 01 )(ii Hou tn, 3 F.d a pt He lh . a, n . 8 6 3 2 8 2 1 t r 2 7 ctng so 7 3 3 t s 1 n. (ûnt ADA c e , sa ngi uiyhasf edont fe 337 6) ûl he ontxtour tndi nq r ocus he rquenc oft y he pl i ifsviist t def ndan ' busne sa t dei tve soft pl ntf pln t antf st o he e ts i s nd he tnii nes he ai ifs a o rtln.) etr '. 3 TheEl ve h Cic thaspr de g da i na g tngt e f f c or i Hou t v e nt r ui ovi d ui nce n vi a i hes our a t s n s on . Ma o Su r r es I c I Hou tn, o Ho t nwm a ADA tse s e i ij n tv r l f r d pe ma k t, n . n so J e uso s n etr e kng nu cie ei e ag ns a g oce y s or 733 F. a 1 ai t r r t e. 3d t 325- The s or a g d t tH ous on c d not 27. t e r ue ha t oul - 4- de onsr t t r quied i mi ntt e toff u e dic i naton be aus he lved 30 mie m ta e he e r m ne hr a ut r s rmi i c e i ls a y a di notsaewhen hi pro viist plceorpr dec r t pl nsorr as t wa nd d tt s i r st ook a ovi onc e e a e ons o r vii i t f t e. 1 a 1 e st n he um d. t 326.Houson s it a a tda tsa i t thehadviiedt t ubm ted n fi vi t tng ha st he sor a wo d lkey vii agan- no onl t t ti f ADA c t e nd ul i l st i t y o es t or ompla e,butalo be us i i nc s ca e t wa l a e nea hi l s oc t d r s awye s ofk e .1 a 1327. The a fda ti ude t r ei sfom t r ' t s d. t fi vi ncl d wo ec pt r he sor o t s pa a eocc s o and e ane t thefeq nt hi l wye ' ofi ei t t e n wo e r t a i ns xpl i d ha r ue s s a r s fc n he i e a evi niy.1 Hega no s c fc f t edae o numbe oftm esheplnnedt r bln. mm dit ci t d. ve pe ii u ur t r r i n o e r Onte efcs t Elv n hCic i f u dta tetra o f tr ij r wa n th poh tc l r h s a t,he e e t r ut o n h t h h e t f uu e n u y s o y t eia o c n e t rla dh l ta Ho so h dsa dn t b i h scam.f a 1 3 - 7 o j cu a n ed h t u t n a tn ig o rng i li #. t 3 6 3 . I co pa i o Ba be idoesnotal ge f c sde onsr i t s m e lkelhood off tte n m rs n, r r le a t m tatng he a i i u tr ij r .Bab r alg st a h v stdt eM ak t b td e n ts e iywh no h w ma ytme . nu y r e i l e h t e ii h r e, u o s o p cf e r o e e n i s Healege t thei i t os pr miyy butdoe nots ciy a dit nce.He al ge t tt l s ha s n ç e oxi t ' cl ' s pe f sa le s ha he sor i i a ae hetr que l ta gl'butdo no e anwhy.Andheal est the t e s n n ra ç e nty r vels,' f es t xpli leg ha i e t r t n wihi sx mont t s ort moniorADA co pla ntnds o eur t n i hs o hop o t m ince.Unlket r co d i i he e r n Hou t whi i ude t acualdit nc be we Houson' r sde e a t sor r ept son, ch ncl d he t sa e t en t s e i nc nd he t e, ec i s i ca i a l as t prorviis a i or ton a twhy Houson wa fe ndi tng t e t wo i st, nd nf ma i bou t s r quen l nea t ty r he sor sBa ber' c us y a lga i nsnee f rhe de opm e be or hi sa ng c n be t e r is oncl or le to d u t r vel nt f e s t ndi a a quatl a s s e de e y s e s d. Att moton t dim issa ac e i a1ofBa ber' a lgai a t u t he i o s s t ge, c ptng 1 r is le tons s r e, he c pli ti s fc e . But gi n t s r f c sa lbl t e ua et f f t si om a n s ufi i nt , ve he ca ce a t vaia e o val t he our acor n c i r ng t lkelhood off ur di c i i t o i i m or appr i t t r ol t s a ng ons de i he i i ut e s r m na i n, t s e opra e o es ve he t ndi i s on a f l r cor Se ,e g. H ous on v 7 El e I . N o.8: 1 45- 1 EP,201 W L s ue u l e d. e . , t . - ev n, nc , 13- 8 T- 7A 3 61 33834,a *4( . Fl No 21 201 .Thus t sCour DENI Defnda s moto t t M D. a. v. , 3) ,hi t ES e nt' ins o - 5- d s s fxlc o sa ig b t t o t rj d c t c alng Babeissa dn a sl r imis o a k f tndn , u wih u p eu ie o h l e r r' tn ig t l e mmay j d me twihteb n fto amo ec mp eerc r . u g n t h e ei f r o lt e o d B. Bar riSuf i e l A le s a D i abii y and A rc t ct alB ar i r be fci nty l ge s lt hie ur re s Til lIoft ADA pr bisdic i i ton ba e on dia lt by publc te I he ohi t s rm na i sd s biiy i a co c mmodato ope aedbymi t e tte .42U. C.j 1 82() Tosaeacli unde Til ins r t vae niis S. 21 a. tt am r te 11 Bab r mu td mo srt t t ( )h i d s be ; 2 teM ak ti aplc o p b i 1, r e i s e n tae ha: 1 e s ia ld ( ) h r e s a e f u lc a c mmo ain; n ( )hewa d n e f l a de a te t n b c us of sd sb l y S e c o d to a d 3 s e id ul n qu l rame t e a e hi ia ii . e t Ac es Now,I ,1 F.Supp. a 1 c s nc. 61 2d t 363. Be us t a l ed dic i nai i ba e on an ca e he leg s rmi ton s s d a c t cur lba rerf apr e si buidi he a s mus de onsr t t tr m ova oft r hie t a ri or e- xitng l ng, lo t m ta e ha e l he i bareri çea l a hiva e, mea ngle iya ompls bl a a et bec ridout ri s f diy c e bl ' ni çasl cc iha e nd bl o are r ' i wihoutmuc difc t orexpe e. Se 42U. C.jj1 2( ( ( (v) 1 t h fiuly ns ' e ' S. 218 b)2)A)i , 2181. Dee nt aguet tt c antl kst s iiiyrquie byRul 8a bec us fnda s r ha he ompli ac he pecfct e rd e () a e i:( )fist algear ogni ddia lt ( fist s ciywhihnon-onf ng t 1 al o le ec ze sbiiy;2) al o pe f c c onni ac tcur ba esBabe ie rhie t al ni r r r ncountr d; ( fist a r s ho t ebn re ss dbe e e and 3) al o dd e s w hos rir houl fxed. Bar r r pondst thes ûcinty alege ar ogni d di a lt a t tt o he i be i es ha uf e l l s ec ze s biiy nd ha he t r de a l D e e nt poi t a e notr quied a t pl adi s a t is f nda s nt o r e r t he e ng t ge. He e a1 tle ofDef ndan s a gum e sf i.Fis,Ba be is fc e l a l sa r , 1 lr e e t' r nt a l r t r r ufi i nty lege dia lt A diabiiy i çaphysca orm e a i paime t s t ntaly lm isoneorm or s biiy. s lt s ç i l nt l m r nt hat ubsa i l i t e mao lf a tvte y icu i b t wakiga dsa dn j 1 0 Bab r alg st a h j r ie ciiis' n ldng oh l n n tn ig. 21 2. r e i l e h t e ' e s f r f o pa a eg adue t s ve e ve tbr ,i c i d t awhe c i, t tt ufe s r m r pl i o e r d re ae s onfne o elhar and ha he whe l i i hi o y m e nsofm obiiy.The e or Ba be icla l alege adia lt echar s s nl a lt r f e, r r e ry l s s biiy. Sec ond,Ba be iade t y s c fe t a c t t alba e she e unt r He ls s r r qua el pe ii s he r hiecur ni r nco e ed. it 1 a c t c ur lba rer t ta e i vi a i oft A DA ,i udi ac s i e r es di a e 2 r hie t a r i s ha r n ol ton he ncl ng: ce s bl out , s bl dpe s pa ki s ce ,pas e r l di z r on r ng pa s s nge oa ng ones s g ge,s l - e v m e cha s a s e ,s e , , i na e f s r e r ndi e i l s t ps - 6- ;Z CL ' j . . . , .. . . . . .... ....-. . . . .... .. -. > . . br okentlsa une n s f es s r i e c mt s a s r i ea e .Coursi t sD ititha ie nd ve uxac , e v c ot er , nd e v c r as t n hi src ve f ound s h lsi ofal gedba e sa s fc e f pladi pup os s. Se ,e g. Lugo v.141 uc itngs le ni r s ufi i nt or e ng e e . , NW 2 t S . l n s L C, 7 F. u p. d 1 91 1 9 ( D. a 2 2 t ar , .; s'f r 0h tHodig , L 8 8 S p 2 2 , 2 3 S. Fl. 01 ) M ra J) As n o Dia ldAme ia s I c v RenedAn ro Fa l Lt. t, 1 - 7 8 2 5W L s be rc n , n . . if l des n mi d Pr No. 2 23 9 , 01 y 1 0536,a * ( D.Fl Apr 21, 5 ( ke J)(ç pli a smpl algato ofa ADA 81 t 7 S. a. . 201 ) Coo , . ç an nd i e le in n A vilto i s fiin . Gr nv JA. S, LC, 1 6 5 0 2 4W L 1 0 31 , t* oain s u fce t' @ . R..L No. 4- 0 2 , 01 ); 6 0 5 a 12 ( D.Fl Apr 21 201 ( e um, ) S. a. . , 4) Rosnba J.. Thid,he c r t ompl ntdoesno ne t esa ih ho ea h al ge vi a i m us be ai t ed o t bls w c le d olton t ale e orc ed. Alhoug apl ntf sca ede ndson e nt aly esa ihi ho a tr d ur t h ai if s pe ve u l t bls ng w n a c t cur lba re c n ber m ove wihou muc difc t ore ns ,a deaied a yssi r hie t a rir a e d t t h fi uly xpe e t l nal i s notne es a y a t pl di sa M e ey alegi t tbarirr movali çr a l ac e bl ' c s r t he ea ng t ge. r l l ng ha re e s te diy hiva e' sts t pl di sa r Lugo,8 F. ai/es he ea ng tndad. 78 Supp. a 1 ( s o r i t pr rsa t 24 t 295 dic vey s he ope tge o p o i ea dto l p cfct .Bu s eHo wic rv Pa kS o pig Lt .No. :0 c 8 0-r v d d iina s e i i i y) t e e s he . r h p n , d, 3 1 -v- 1 J 37 BT, 1W L 483 J 201 7259,a * ( . Fl Oc.1 2011 ( rl sai t tbare r t 4 M D. a. t 2, ) meey ttng ha rir emova l wasr diy a hi va ewa i ufi inta di nott a s a rghtt r i fa ea l c e bl s ns fce nd d i ie i o ele bovet s ultve r he pec a i 1vel' .Hee,Babeipr desapl na smpl ls ofADA vi ai a Sha r movalof e .' r r r ovi ) ai nd i e it oltons nd t t e t t dic i i t y ba e sa vi ai nsi r a l a hivabl a t c c ly f sbl .'Hei he s rm naor ni r nd ol to s e diy c e e nd e bni a l ea i e' s notr quiedt pr def t rde a l t sa eavai c am . e r o ovi urhe t is o tt ld l i The e or Ba ber s fcinty alege hi dia lt t a c t t a barir , ndt t r f e, r i ufi e l l s s s biiy, he r hiecur l re s a ha t ba r 'r m o li r diy a e bl Acc di y,t sCour DENI Def nda s he nie s e va s ea l chiva e. or ngl hi t ES e nt ' m otonst di m i s on t e gr i o s s hes ounds . T he M arketi a Pl of Publc A ccom m odaton s ace i i Dee da t a g t ta1 rp r o t M ak ti n ts b e tt t eADA b c us i i n t fn n s r ue ha 1o a t f he r e s o u j c o h ea ets o apl ce ofpublc a om m oda i a i cc ton.H ow e r De e nt do notel bor t orc t t a l l ve , f nda s a ae ie o ny ega - 7- a hort t s ut iy o uppor t i i orec concuson. Ba be ia l est tt M a ke çi ope t t t her nc r t l i r r leg ha he r t ts n o he publc,isope a i a f tcomm e c a i i a er er s or .' ( h ssa d d .A g o ey i t r tons fec r e, nd t s oc v t e ' Emp a i d e ) rcr so ei s e iial d fne b sauea ap b i a c mmo ain.Se j 1 817 ( . tr s p cfc ly ei d y tt t s u lc c o d t o e 21 ( )E) The e or t M a ke i aplc ofpublca om moda i a t sCour DENI De e n s r f e, he r t s a e i cc ton, nd hi t ES f nda t ' m o i t dim iso t s gr tons o s s n he e ounds . I . 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