Klein v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd. et al, No. 1:2016cv21981 - Document 51 (S.D. Fla. 2017)

Court Description: ORDER granting 33 Defendant's Motion for Summary Judgment. Closing Case. Signed by Judge Federico A. Moreno on 8/7/2017. (kcg) NOTICE: If there are sealed documents in this case, they may be unsealed after 1 year or as directed by Court Order, unless they have been designated to be permanently sealed. See Local Rule 5.4 and Administrative Order 2014-69.
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Klein v. Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings Ltd. et al Doc. 51 UNI TED STATES DI STRI COURT FOR THE CT SOUTHERN DI STRI OF FLORI CT DA M i m iDi son a vii Cas Numbe 16e r: 21981- V- ORENO CI M CA ROL KLEI , N Pl ntf, ai if VS. SEVEN SEAS CRUI S.DE R. d b a SES L. / / REGENT SEVEN SEAS CRUI SES, De e n . f nda t / ORDER G M NTI G DEFENDANT' M OTI FOR SUM M ARY JUDGM ENT N S ON Thi i a ti a f l c ebr s s rp- nd-a l as oughtby Ca olKl n agans Se n Se Cr i e S. R. r ei i t ve as u s s DE L. d/ / Re ntSe n Sea Cr s s e n i af b a ge ve s uie .Kli s onne pas e r s ngeroft Re ntSe n Se he ge ve as Navi orcr s s p. She br he ankl whe s ti d a f l on a sep whie e tng t gat uie hi oke r e n he rppe nd el t l xii he s i ste tr Kli camsta h rij re drcl r s t r m atipngha a dce tdb hp' h ae . en li h t e nu is ie ty e ulfo rp i z r rae y Reg tduet i de t lghtng on t t a e seps Thi c ec e be or t Cour upon en o na qua e i i he he t r t . s aus om s f e he t Re e tsmo inf rs mmayj dg n .Th Co r ha rv e dt mo in, en' rs o s , g n ' to o u r u me t e u t s e iwe he to Kli s e p n e a Rege ' rpl Ther aet eeis s:( )whehe ada r condii e se ( nd nts e y. e r hr sue 1 t r ngeous ton xitd; 2) wh te Re e th da ta o c n tu tv n tc o ad n eo sc n to a d ()wh t e eh r g n a cu l r o sr ci e o ie f a g r u o di n; n 3 eh r i Kl n i r quied t pr t tRe twa on notc ofada er c ton. ei s e r o ove ha gen s ie ng ous ondii BA CK G R O U N D On Aprl2,201 Kl i wasa g s a d Re ' Se n Sea Navgat c uies p. i 5, en ue t boar gents ve s i or r s hi S ed cd dt j i h rh s a d i tes p' t e trwhl s ewatdf r r3:0s a h e ie o on e u b n n h hi s h ae ie h i o he 0 p e a nt e . Sheen e ed t t atrwhiea1 t lght we e on,a wal d down ar ppoi m nt t r he he e l l he i s r nd ke amp on t l sdea t ough ar ofs t t r c herhus nd.Thit m i e lt r whiet he eh i nd hr ow eas o ea h ba ry nut s a e , l he Dockets.Justia.com t a e wasç th blc 'Kli de de t la f he s a nt he t r t c a k, e n ci d o e ve or r pa ppoi ment She e t d usng t pi ' . xie i he c nt a sene t he s a . The t atrse c an srp lghtng,a wel a sdes lght on e er il xt o r e t he e t ps ont i ti i i s l s i pot i s eihe sdeofe h se whi h a lr m an on d i am ovi Kli ti t ri ac t p, c 1 e i urng e. en rpped on t t se ne r he op tp a h rs a,ela db o h ra ke F v miue ltr aRe t ts c rt o fc r J s Shj e e t f l, n r ke e n l. i e n ts ae, g n e u iy fie , o e i u, i si t d t i de .Durng hi hourl i tga i het 11phot a oft nve tga e he nci nt i s -ong nvesi ton, ook ogr phs he sar, n r c r e hsfndn s S j c c e t esrplg tnga dtes t ihsd rngh s tis a d e o d d i i ig . hi he k d h ti i hi n h po lg t u i i u i si ton a f nve tga i nd ound t t bewor ng pr l hem o ki opery. Folowi a ac i nt Re ntspolc i t t sa e e sfom a lwines es Onc l ng n c de , ge ' iy s o ake tt m nt r 1 t s . e pt da Rt ntscr wm e r fom iselc dca de rm e w ak t ough t t trt e ur r y, ge ' e mbt s r t e t l pa t nt l hr he heae o ns e a1 oft lg sa ei wor ng or r fa1lg sa enotill naed,atc ti opene i t 1 he i ht r n ki de .I l i ht r llmi t ike s d n ht %is ta ke 'c put s t andt pr e i c r t w ihi oneday. The cea ng ts ues r c r' om er ysem he oblm s oreced t n l ni c e as wakst oug e r m om i and e r ni ,a e e stc t i o t s t m i r w lo l hr h ve y ng ve y ght nd nt r i ke s nt he yse f t r i anyt ng outofor r he e s hi de .Oft m o e t n 1 r pore lghtng is i t tac rfom he r ha 00 e td i i s ues n he r ke r fveye r bef r Kli si de untl1 mont afe , nei ii d any is swih t srp i a s o e en' nci nt i 0 hs tr no dentfe s ue t he ti l hi .F rh r t r h so l b e o eoh rrp re ij r i t et ae i t ep s fv it g ng u te,hee a n y e n n te e o td n u y n h he tr n h a t i e yea s a i di noti ve s e orlgh s I f c ,Reg ' f m ers ni diec orofgu t r , nd t d nvol t ps i t . n a t ent s or e or r t es r a i a rs m a geme ,GarO ' i1 t sii d t t s p hasneve had a is i t eltons nd ik na nt i Ne 1, e tfe hat he hi r n s ue n he t a e duet lg i i 1 ye r .The srp lght we ei t l i 201 a a te nce t' he t r o i htng n 7 a s ti i s r nsaled n 4 s n tnha men ' whiet t atrwasge tng ne c r t a notf a s f t pu pos s Fr 2000 t 201 l he he e ti w a pe , nd or ny a e y r e . om o 4, t t a e c ai no srp lghtng. he he t r ont ned ti i i Mo et a 1 mo tsa trt icd n , n a trRe e th db e s e aRe e tp oe t r h n 8 nh fe he n ie t a d fe g n a e n u d, g n rj c e ne ,Br n Em ond,conduced a he i si ton,f i on t seps compla e wih ngi er ya t not r nve tga i ocusng he t ' inc t ope a i s f t sa r a gui i s r tve a e y t nda ds nd delne .Emond' r por f md t tRe ntslg i wa i s e t ot ha ge ' i htng s n 2- - c ompla wih al a i a es f t sa r .Not y,n pr pa i hi r t Emond di not ince t 1 pplc bl a e y t nda ds abl i e rng s epor, d u ete 1 p t g a h tk nb S iui t o ii a iv si ai n An Re e tc n o e pli s h 1 hoo rp s a e y hj n he rg n l n e tg to . d g n a n t x an why t orgi lpho osa et a ia e.l t d,Em ond r le on o he pho ogr phst ke 1 he i na t r m va lbl nsea ti d t r t a a n 8 mont a trt i i nt whi h cla l s hs fe he nc de , c e ry how s ome oft t tr ssrp lghtng wihout he heae ' ti i i t pr ry wor ngbul . But e n i Emond' pi es al lght on t t se a is a e ope l ki bs , ve n s cmr , l i s he op t p t s ue r wor ng. ki Durng dic y,O' 1 wa de e asRege ' c or e r pr e a i Hi i s over Nei1 s pos d nts om at e es nt tve. s t tmony r gar ng t srp lghtng wa i onsse .On die te esi e di he ti i i s nc it nt r c xami ton,O' l a ted nai Nei1 dmit t tt srp lg i wasve y i ra f rs ey pur es and t twihoutt lght t seps ha he ti i htng r mpo tnt o af t pos , ha t he i s he t woul c tt e ati ng haz r But on c os e d onsiut rppi a d. , r s xami ton a r die t het a dif r nt nai nd e r c , ook fe e posto t thedi notbe ive l k ofsrp lghtng wa as f t is aspr ve by t lckof ii n- ha d le ac ti i i s a e y s ue, o n he a prori i nt , n bef et srp lghtng wa i t l Hee ane t thi frta we i ncde s eve or he ti i i s nsaled. xpli d ha s is ns r wa i onsse be us he wasdita t d and dic bobult d a t tme. s nc itnt ca e sr c e s om a e t he i I. 1 LEGAL STANDARD Su r u g n i pr p rwhe te ei n g n i is o mae ilfc a dt mmayj d me t s o e n h r s o e une sue f tra a t n he mo n pat i e t ldt j d me ta amatro lw.FE R. V. 5 ( ) Rh mo i p ry vig ry s ni e o u g n s te f a t D. Cl P. 6 a . 'e vng a t be st i talbur n ofde ar he nii de monsr tngt a e e ofa m ae ilis f Sum ma y ta i he bs nc ny tra s ue. #. r j d me ts o l beg a tdwh na trviwiga1 h e d n ei t el h mo t a o a l t te u g n h ud rn e e fe e n lt e vie c n h i t s f v rbe o h g non- o nt t opposng pa t f ist pr a es e i eeme ofiscai . Ceotx Co p.v m va , he i ry a l o ove n s ntal l nt t l m l e r . Catet, U. 31 321( 986) Thea s pa t mus pr en s cii fcss ngt r r t477 S. 7, 1 . dvere ry t es t pe fc a t howi hee i a ge ne is f ti l f a 322.n e ei no is f ti lt ls t r i e s nui s ue or ra . #. t r s s ue or ra m e s he e s noug evi nce h de t s p o t u yv r itf rten n vigpa t wh mu tp e e tmo eta as itlao o u p r aj r e dc o h o mo n ry, o s r sn r h n cn il f e de Ande s v fieryLobb I .477U. 242,249( 98 . vi nce. r on . b t y, nc, S. 1 6) - 3- 11 1. A N A LY SI S Reg ta guest tKl i hasnotpr n t se we eadange ousc ton,o en r ha en ove he t ps r r ondii r ale a i y,t tKli ha notpr t m tvel ha e n s oven t tRe thad a t lo c tu tvenotc oft ha gen c ua r onsr c i i e he al ge da r c ton. Kl i ar ue t tnotc i no r quie bec us Re ntc e e t le d nge ous ondii en g s ha i e s t e r d a e ge r atd he f e e abl da ousc to orat m a i l be us Re or s e y nger ondii n, le tve y, ca e gentwa neglg ti is s i en n t ma n e i t nanc oft t a e . e he he t r Th l bi t o acu s s i i ati-ndf l c s i g ve dbyma i melw.Kef v e i l y f r ie hp n rp a -al a e s o me a i rt a i ee . BahamaCr s Li ,I . 8 F. 1 8,1 ( 1hCi.1 .Tohol Re ntla ef uie ne nc, 67 2d 31 320 1 t r 989) d ge ibl or n g ie c , enmus de n taet a:( )Re e th dad t t p oe t r ( )Re e t e lg n e Kli t mo srt h t 1 g n a uy o r tc he; 2 g n b e c e t a d t ; 3 t eb e c a tal a dp o i tl c u e h rij y a d ( s e ra h d h t u y ( ) h r a h cu l n r xmaey a s d e nur ; n 4) h y s fee a ta h r S eS resv NCL ( h ma)L/ , 9 F,d 1 7 1 0( 1hCi. 1 ) u frd cu l a m. e o r l . Ba a s t 7 6 3 2 5, 28 1 t r 20 5 f ( u tn Fr n av Ro l rb e nCr ie Lt.7 2F.d 1 2 ,1 5 ( 1hCi. 01 :.Th q oi g a z . ya Ca ib a us s d, 7 3 2 5 2 3 1 t r 2 4 e dut owe t c u s s pspa s r i oneofr s bl c eundert cr sanc . y d o r ie hi s enge s s ea ona e ar he icum t es Ke mar cv Compagni Ge r eTr atantque, U. 625,632 ( 959) r e . e ne al ans l i 358 S. 1 . He e, hes co e e ti a is To pr veRege br c d isdut Kl n mus r t e nd l men s t s ue. o nt ea he t y, ei t s o t a:( )ad ng r usc n i o e itd;2 Re e t da t a n tc o t ed n eo s h w h t 1 a eo o dt n x se () g n ha cu l oie f h a g r u i c ton;a ()i notac lnotc Re nts dha knownt tt da r c ton ondii nd 3 f ma ie, ge houl ve ha he ngeous ondii e itda de o g tmeh dp se t a c re tvea to s o l ha ebe ntk l Se Kef , xse n n u h i a a sd h t o rci cin h u d v e a et e ee 867F. a 1 Adamsv Car v Cor , 0822465,2009W L 4907547,a *3( D. a. 2d t 322; . nial p.No. t S. Fl Se t2 , 0 9 ( iz J) p. 9 2 0 ) Set, .. K l i H as Faie t Pr a Dange en l d o ove rous C ondi i Exi t ton s ed Kli alg sta h rij r r s le fo ia e u t lg tn o t e eo tetpse en l e h t e nu y e u td r m n d q ae ih ig n he dg f h o tp e i t mi esa r y oft t tr n he ddl tiwa he heae .She a s rst tsrp lg st ta e notpr ry s e t ha ti i ht ha r ope l f toni c tt t adange ousc ton.Re nta guest tt r i no r cor e de et t unc i ng ons iu e r ondii ge r ha he e s e d vi nc ha 4- - a oft t a e ' srp lght we enotf nc i ng whe Kl n ti d and t t i an e nt ny he he t rs ti i s r u toni n ei rppe ha , n y ve , il nai fom t m ovi s r enpr dess fcintlg . Furhe ,Re ntsi tgai lumi ton r he e ce ovi ufi e i ht t r ge ' nvesi tng ofi e , S j , etfe ta t lg t weeo e ai gi d aeya trt eicd n . Re e alo tc r hi tsiid h the i hs r p rtn mme itl fe h n i e t1 g nt s u s m itd an e r r por s ub te xpe t e t howi t tt t a e ' lg i compleswih a ls f t sa r . ng ha he he t rs i htng i t l a e y t nda ds A da r c ton c nno beta r a obvi t t pas e r' Smol k v nge ous ondii s t çppa ent nd ous o he s nge .' niar . Ro l rb e n Cr ie Lf 7 7F. u p. d 1 0 ,1 2 - 3( 1h Ci. 01 ) Ho v r o e ya Ca ib a us s 2, 8 S p 2 3 8 3 2 2 1 t r 2 1 . we e, n mus no pr s t t e umet tbe aus a ac i ntocc r d,ada r c ton e se I belv ha c e n c de ure nge ous ondii xit d. s l . Ca nv lCop. 4 2F. u p. d 1 2,1 7( D. a 2 0 )( o e o J) Rah r i i te r ia r , 6 S p 2 23 23 S. Fl. 0 6 M r n , .. t e,t s h pl i ifsr ponsbiiy t c ef t wih e antf es i lt o om orh t nough e de pr ng t r wa ada r vi nce ovi he e s nge ous co to Se i ;s eal o Wilamsv Car v Cor ,No.1 24686,201 W L 11 624, t ndii n. e d. e s li . nial p. 34 958 a * ( D. a Oc. , 01 )( ao J)(r n igs 2 S. Fl. t 7 2 4 Ung r , . g a tn ummayj d me twh r p an ifo fr dn r u g n e e litf fe e o e de eofaquatri h se ore de t tt se wa haz r us. vi nc re -nc tp vi nce ha he tp s ado ) He e t ei i ufi i nte de ct pr adange ousc ton e se Thee de e r , her s ns fc e vi nc o ove r ondii xit d. vi nc i c tngt tt lght we enotwor ngi l s ( )Kl n' ownt tmo t tt t ae ndiai ha he i s r ki ncude : 1 ei s esi ny ha he he tr wasç th blck';a ( pit esi Re ntse r rpor tken 1 mo hsa trt i i nt f c a ' nd 2) cur n ge ' xpe t e ta pi 8 nt fe he ncde . And e n t s phot s ve he e os how a lsrp lghtng on t t se a ope a i A lhough t r we e l ti i i he op tp s r tng. t he e r ot rwine s t t i de ,noneha be i e ve he t s es o he nci nt ve en nt r iwed a i i unclari t i i ntte nd t s e f her de ii s c ul b atie Eve c n tun al vd n ei Kli sfvo , ora o a l jlo c u dfn o d e tan d. n o sr ig 1e ie c n en' a r n e s n be t r o l i d r t tt lght we e notwor ng a t tme oft i i nt Ot rt n he own t si onyt t ha he i s r ki t he i he nc de . he ha r e tm ha t t trwast t bl k,' he e i no ot revi nc t lght we e notwor ng. To t he heae l ch ac 't r s pi he de e he i s r ki he ' enagu sta Shj sa vts o l b src e fo ter c r b cus Re e t dn t ompywi Kli r e h t i mda i h ud e tik n rm h e od e a e g n di o c l t u' h ti Co r'No e e 4, 6od r a Re e t dn t l w Shj t b de o e .Ho v rf lwigbisn o hs u t v mb r 201 re, s g n di o al s o i o e p s d we e.ol n re g f u o t smoto t Cour e e e a or i c tngt ti woul notr eon t mo i untlahe Re tpr hi in,he t ntr d n der ndiai ha t d ul he ton i r gen oduce d S j frdp sto S bsq ety ReetmaeS i a ial frd g sto AsKli nvrflday hi o eoiin. u e unl, g n d hj valbe o e oiin. u u en ee i n e sp e n t t s mmayj d me tb if,h Co r as me ta S l sd p sto di n t r d c a y u plme to he u r u g n res te u t su s h t hi e o i n d o p o u e n u' i a dto a e ie c t sp rKli' ag me t.Shj safd virmansp r ofh rc r . d i n l vd n e o u pot ens ru ns i fia t e i at te eo d i u' - 5- c ta y,Rege ' i tga i ofi e fld ar po tt ti c t d al oft lght we e wor ng on r r nts nvesi tng fc r ie e r ha ndia e 1 he i s r ki fv miu e a tr h icd n .Al o g S iuto 1 p o o d rn h si iiliv siai n i e n ts f t e n ie t t u h hj o k 1 h t s u ig i nta n e tg to e h t tar now m isng a ar notpa toft r or a o he pot ntalwines eswe eno ha e s i nd e r he ec d, nd t r e i t s r t i e ve nt r i wed,t Cour ca he t nnots ult ast wha t sot ri or i mi htr vea .Furhe , pec a e o t hi he nf maton g e l t r t r c d i c est ta da o c ton may notexiteve i t t a e di notha srp he e or ndiat ha nger us ondii s n f he he t r d ve ti lght a al I e t t a e di notha srp lght fom 2000t 201 Be or 201 t i s t l. nde d, he he t r d ve ti i s r o 4. f e 4, he s lght pr d s tci t ast r i no pr ofa i de i vi t a e lg i durng pot i s ove ufi en , he e s oof ny nci nt nvol ng he t r i htng i t ttm e The srp lght we ei t le i 201 onl t e ncea ar dy s ee r e . ha i . ti i s r nsa ld n 4 y o nha n lea af nvionm nt Bae o ter c r , or a o a ej r rc ud fn t t d n e o c n iine itd s d n h e o d n e s n bl u o o l i d ha a a g r us o dto x se when Kl i f l Kl n' f iur t pr an e s ta elm e r r a1 ot rf t i ma e i l en el. ei s a l e o ove s en i l e nt ende s 1 he ac s m t ra a drq ie teCo r t g a ts mmayj d me ta an th r S eIb l, 2F. u p 2 a n e ur s h u to r n u r u g n g i s e . e s el46 S p . d t 1 3 .Ac o dngy teCo r GRANTSRe e tsmo inf rs 2 8 c r i l,h u t g n ' to o ummayj dg n . r u me t B. R e ntH ad N e t A c ualN or Cons r tve N o i e oft A le d D ange ous ge i her t t uc i tc he l ge r C ondii ton Even i Kl n wer a et pr t tada r condii e sed,t Co two d sil f ei e bl o ove ha nge ous ton xit he ur ul tl g a ts mmayj d me tb c u eKli as fist p o et a Re e t da ma o c nsr ci rn u r u g n e a s en lo al o r v h t g n ha c l r o tu t ve notc oft da r c ton,ort tno i ewa notr r d. ie he nge ous ondii ha tc s equie Fis,Kl n ha f ied t adduc e de s r t ei s a l o e vi nce ugge tng t tRe ntkne t ta t aer si ha ge w ha ny he t srp lg t weeet e d m o u lt C So r l, 9 F.da 1 8(i dngac us s ph d ti ih s r ih r i r n i. f res 7 6 3 t 28 fn i r ie hi a notcede kwassi r whe iwoul s i sdipl wami sg afe ihadri d) i c lppey n t d ometme s ay ng ins tr t ane ; Fr s a v NCL ( ac . Bahama) Lt ,654Fe App' 949,954 ( 1h Ci. 6 ( di ac us s p s, d d. x 1 t r 201 ) hol ng r ie hi ha notc whe iplyedavi owani pase r ofade ssi i s.Shedoe not d ie n t a de r ng s nges ck' lppernes) s poi t a prorpa s nge compl i saboutt sa r o a r pore is swih t srp nt o ny i se r ant he t is r ny e td s ue t he ti lghtng.Furher t r or i caest tRe ntse oye wa k t ough e r da t l i i t , he ec d ndi t ha ge ' mpl es l hr ve y y o ook - 6- f a is i t t a e ,i udi lghtng. W he a is i i ntfed,i i e e e i o or ny s ues n he he t r ncl ng i i n n s ue s de ii t s nt r d nt Re ntsis ta kerpr a a i ge r ly r ol d wihi one da The ei no r por of ge ' s ue r c ogr m nd s ne a l es ve t n y. r s e t a is swih lghtng i t is ta ke s t on t da ofKl i sac de .Se alo ny s ue t i i n he s ue r c r ysem he y en' ci nt e s Cohe v Car v Cor ,945F. n . nial p. Supp.2d 1 ,1 ( D.Fl 201 )(i ngnoe d eof 351 355 S. a. 3 fndi vienc notc whe epli ifca ie r antf nnotofe ça a i r po t, s enge comm e r viwsorf m s f r tny ccdent e rs pa s r nt e e or , o rp rsfo s ft i s cin' ( n r , .. r e o t r m a ey n pe to ' Le a d J) ) Se ond, ei c c Kl n annotpoi t a ot rsmia i i s whehe i t 1 ye r be or nt o ny he i lr ncdent, t r n he 4 a s f e t srp lg i wasi t le ori t t e ye r snce Se Tai i v. SC Cr e e S. , he ti i htng nsa ld n he hr e a s i . e arol M ocir , A. , No.1 611 ,201 W L 1 5- 31 6 428942,a *5( D. a.Apr 1 201 ( oor,C.. ( ani t S. Fl . 2, 6) M e J) gr tng s mma yj d me twh r terc r wa d v do a y rfr n et ohe smi ra cd n st t u r u g n ee h e o d s e oi f n eee c o t r i l c ie t ha a woul ha aere t c ies pt adangeousc ton) TheElve h Cic trquie d ve l td he nzs hi o r ondii . e nt rui e rs e de e ofprorac i nt t beçs tntaly sm ia t t occ r nc i que ton. I vi nc i c de s o çubsa i l i l r o he ure e n si ' d. ' (u tn J n sv OtsElv t rCo, 61F.d 6 5 6 - 2( 1h Ci.1 8) s eas S r es q o ig o e . i e a o .8 2 5 , 616 1 t r 98 ); e lo o r l, 796F. a 1 88( di 22ot si a flswe enotsmia i naur wher t l to 3d t 287- hol ng her lp-nd-al r i lr n t e e he ocain dfee a s meivov ddfee t o t a) r ,h r i o l o ep iri cd n i t e ifrd nd o n le ifr n f o we r.Hee t ee s ny n ro n ie t n h t a e ,a i i cla l ditnguiha emsi ha no hi t do wih t sepso t lght .Ther he t r nd t s e ry si s bl t d t ng o t he t r he i s e i no pr ofa r po torco pl ntofany pa s nge sti ng, ali orot r s ha ng s oof ny e r m ai s e r rppi f lng, he wie vi a r l e is wih t saisorlghtng i t t a e . ny eatd s ue t he t r i i n he he t r Si y put t ei i ufi i tr cor e de e t s mpl , her s ns fcen e d vi nc o ugges t tRe ntkne ors d t ha ge w houl ha known t ta al ge y da er c ton e se Alhough O ' i1t sii d t unlt ve ha n le dl ng ous ondii xitd. t Ne 1 e tfe hat i srp lghtngwoul beaha ar s h as c a i a a ta tsaeme doesno pr t t ti i i d z d, uc pe ultve nd bsr c t t nt t ove ha Reg ntkne ors ul ha known t ta srp lg swer notil i t d on t da of e w ho d ve ha ny ti i ht e lum na e he y r f e ve s um ng ei oul ove Kl n' i i ntz The e or , e n a s i Kl n c d pr a da ousc ton e se ei s nc de . nger ondii xit d, t eCo r sil udg a t g n ' mo inf rs mmayj g n b c u et eei noe ie c h u t tlwo l r n Re e ts to o u r ud me t e a s h r s vd n e de onsr tng Reg ntwa on notc ofada r usc ton. m ta i e s ie nge o ondii K l i i N otExem ptf om Pro ng ThatR e ntW as on N otc ofa D ange ous en s r vi ge ie r C ondii ton 1 . Re ntD i N otCr at a D ange ous Condii ge d e e r ton Kl n i notr quied t pr t tReg ntwa on notc ofada r c ton i ei s e r o ove ha e s ie nge ous ondii f Re ntc e t d t f e ee bl da r c ton.SeeRoc e v Ro Carbbe Cr s s ge r a e he or s a e nge ous ondii k y . yal i an uie , Lt.No. 9 7 8 2 01W L 42 9 3 a * ( D. a F b 2 , 0 )( l J) l Ro ky te d, 9 - 0 , 0 0 9 , t 4 S. Fl. e . 0 2 01 Ood, .. n c e h c t o t tpr ofnotc wasnotr quie whe et def ndan sc e ed ast i n whe e our f und ha oof ie e rd r he e t r at iuato r i wa f es a es t s or ee bl omeoneco d ge hur: ul t t ( or q ieapli tf t as ctbl h n tc i a c s wh r t e T) e ur anif o lo sa i oie n a e ee h s de enda ' o a tvii c e t d a f e e bl a unr as bl f nts wn c i tes r a e or s ea e nd e ona e rs of ha m woul be i ppr it Such a r r m e woul ik r d na opra e. equie nt d have t abs r r s t t neglg e a tons coul o y be he u d e ul hat i enc c i d nl br ht aRe a dange ous c ton or pr tc c e t by a oug r r ondii aci e r a ed de e ntcl med a pr vi vitm ,whos own r co r woul f nda ai e ous c i e e ve y d beba r d by t a e eofnotc re he bs nc ie. I Kl i a g st ts doesnotne d t pr t tRe ntwason notc ofa da r d. en r ue ha he e o ove ha ge ie nge ous c ton be us Rege c e t d t dange ousc ton. Thi Cour dia ee . ondii ca e nt r a e he r ondii s t s gr s l Rock y,Roya Ca i a knowi y plce a bi boar i a l aton a m a r n e l rbbe n ngl a d ngo d n oc i nd nne whe ei wa f e e abl t ts bodycoul ge hur.f a *2.Her t r i no e de e r t s or s e e ha ome d t t #. t e,he e s vi nc s si Re ntt any a ton t tc e t d a da r usco ton. Rege i t le t s t ugge tng ge ook c i ha r a e nge o ndii nt nsa ld he po lght on t sde oft s a sand t srp lg i on t nos oft se . But sm pl i s he i s he e t he ti i htng he e he t ps ,i y i t lng lght doesnotpr t tRege cr a e t s nsali i s ove ha nt e t d he uppos dl da r condii i t s e y nge ous ton n hi ca e lc ofil naton. To t c r r addii oft srp lght wa mer l an s - a k lumi i he onta y, ton he ti i s s ey 2Furher O' lr ca edt st tmony lt ri hi deposto t , Nei1 e nt hi esi ae n s iin. - 8- e nce e tt t e si lghtng t tha pr n a uae f 1 yea s Ther i no nha m n o he xitng i i ha d ove deq t or 4 r . es i c ton t tRe ntc us t bul t bur out ndi a i ha ge a ed he bs o n . Eve i adange ousc ton e se i clary wa notcr a e by Rege ,a s a n f r ondii xitd, t e l s e td nt s uch fndi woul i yt tRe ntt s i ng d mpl ha ge ook ome a ton t ti r s d t rs oflght bei bum t c i ha nc ea e he ik i s ng out Ther cor smpl c ansno s . e d i y ont i uppor f t ta gume .Ac or ngl Kli i no t or ha r nt c di y, en s t r ive fom t r quie e t s w t tReg had a t lorc tu tvenotc oft ele d r he e r m nt o ho ha ent cua onsr c i ie he a lge da r condii le d nge ous ton. 2 . Th r 1.n u ce Pr o fNe lg n M antnq e e e %I sm int ofo g ie t i e nc Kl n i notr quied t pr t tRe ntwa on notc i s ca pr t tRe nt ei s e r o ove ha ge s i e f he n ove ha ge ne i nty ma nt ne t seps Se M abr y v Car valCr s Li s I . 438 So. 937,937 glge l i ai d he t . e e . ni uie ne , nc , 2d ( a. s.CtApp.1 3)Cçct lorc tu i knowl i ir e nt.i n eevi nceof Fl Dit . 98 a ua onsr ctve edge s relva ..f mpl de ne i ntmantnanc ca bes f'.Kli ar st t e de s glge i e e n howl l en gue hathe vi nce howst ts oft ha ome he srp lght a e no r ulry c nge aûe out ge ,a t tRe tstac rs t m f ie t ti i s r t eg a l ha d r a s nd ha gen ' r ke yse a ld o ac c ountf t srp lg s.l ed,oft m or t n 1 lghtng is se e e i t ta ki or he ti i ht nde he e ha 00 i i s ue nt r d n he r c ng pr a i t fveyea sl di up t Kl i si i nt t r we eno r pore is wih t ogr m n he i r ta ng o en' nc de , he e r e td s ues t he ta lghtng. Ye ,1 m ont afe t i de ,phot oft saiss r ck i i t 8 hs tr he nci nt os he t r how t ts eoft srp ha om he ti lg sa eunlt W he O ' e1 wa a ke aboutt s phot ,he c im e t tt pho os i ht r i. n N i1 s s d he e os onfr d ha he t ac ur t l r l ct t c tonson t d oft i i nt Alhough Kl i a gue t tt si c a ey efe ed he ondii he ay he nc de . t en r s ha hi s a admison t ts n s i ha ome lg swer outwhe Kli f l,when tken i c extoft de ii i ht e n en el a n ont he poston, O' 1 t tfed onl t tt confgur ton oft lg i wast s m e and t lght ha not Nei1 esii y ha he i ai he ihtng he a , hat i s ve be n a d,r mov orm odii Furhe ,eve i t Cour a e sO' 1' sae e a an e dde e ed, fed. t r n f he t cc pt Nei1s t tm nt s a s i t tt lght we ee c l ass e i t phot ont da ofKl n' i de 1 dmi son ha he i s r xa ty e n n he o he y ei s nci nt 8 m o hsea le ,t srp lght on t se on whi Kl n ti d i t pho o a e f l nt ri r he ti i s he t p ch ei rppe n he t r ' y ul . 9- ill i t d.Thus e n lbe aly c t ungt f t i Kl i sf ,t r i no i c ton of llm na e , ve i r l onsr i he ac s n en' avor he e s ndia i ne i ntm a nt na e i t r c d. glge i e nc n he e or Kli a s poi st O' 1' t si ony a pr t tsrp lghtout gesa enotr po td e n lo nt o Nei1s e tm s oof ha ti i a r e re i t is ta rs t m ,whih s a guesc tt e ne i ntm ai ena . But pho os n he s ue r cke yse c he r onsiut s glge nt nce , t fom 18m on hsa t t i i ntt ts r t fer he nc de ha how s ome srp lg out ge do noti c t t tt r ti i ht a s ndi a e ha he e we ee a srp lghtout st twer note e e i o t tac rs t i t fveyea s r ver ny ti i age ha e nt r d nt he r ke ysem n he i r pr c ng Kl n' i de . Andt r i as no pr t tt out gess en i t phot ha not e edi ei s nci nt he e s lo oof ha he a e n he os d be n r td snc t r cor onl i l stac rs t m da auntlFe ' r zol -ei e tpore i e he e d y ncude r ke yse t i bl y & - ght ua mont be or t phot Kl n r i on.Kl n' a glmenti m e el t s ul tve hs f e he os ei eles ei s r z s r y oo pec ai . Ac or ngl Kli i notr le d f om t r quiementt s c di y, e n s ei ve r he e r o how t tRege ha a m a o ha nt d c l r consr tvenotc oft alege da r c ton.Thus e n a s i Kl n co d pr a tuci i e he l d nge ous ondii , ve s um ng ei ul ove d ng r u c n iine se t eCo r sil ul g a tRe e tsmo inf rs mmayj dg n . a eo s o dto xitd,h u t tl wo d rn g n ' to o u r u me t CO NCLUSI ON Bas d on t f e ng,i i he e e he or goi t s r by ORDERED AND ADJUDGED t t Rege ' M o i f Slmm a y J ha nts ton or l r udgm e i nt s G R AN TED . DONE AND ORDERED i Chambe sa M im i Fl i ,t s n r t a , orda hi ofAugus 201 t 7. ..-. 7 T . aA . #e é . z' FEDERI M NO UNI TED STATES DI STRI J CT UDGE Copi f r s t es u nihed o: Cot e ofRe d ms l cor - 1 0-