Scott et al v. City of Miami, No. 1:2016cv21098 - Document 27 (S.D. Fla. 2017)

Court Description: ORDER Granting 13 Motion for Summary Judgment. Signed by Senior Judge James Lawrence King on 4/18/2017. (jw)
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Scott et al v. City of Miami Doc. 27 UNI TED STA TES D I STRICT CO U RT SO UTH ERN DI STRICT O F FLO RI A D M I M ID I SIO N A VI CASE N O ,1 21 6- 098- LK J LO RRAI SCOTT,M I NE CHAEL M I CEY , N and O SVA LDO M UN I GA , ZA Pl ntfs ai if , CI OF M I I TY AM , Def endant . ' O RD ER G R ANTI G D EFEN DAN T' M O TI N FO R SUM M A RY JU DG M EN TE N S O TH I M A TTER com esbef e t Cour upon D ef S or he t endantCI OF M I I S TY AM ' M o i f rSu r J gme t( 1 ) tld Fe r r l 2 7. 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Dockets.Justia.com Pl ntfs a l ge t D ef ntha vi a ed FLSA by f lng t pay t ai if le hat ènda s ol t aii o hem ove tm e ri wages. 1 a 5.D ef nt have m ove f Sum m a y Judgm e , cont ndi t t DE t enda s d or r nt e ng ha Pl ntf sa e note il t over i e w a beca e Pl ntfs a e exem pt f om FLSA ai if r ntted o tm ges us ai if r ed r cove a aste utve'em pl s. DE 1 a 1 Pl ntf sr pond t t a e not r ge ixec i ' oyee See 3 t 2. ai if es hat hey r ie cutve' em pl ixe i ' oyeesasdefntd by FLSA beca e t pe f m ed m anuall i us hey r or abor al i t rcr sand ha no r ls r sor aut iy. See D E 18 at1.The m at ri ongs de hei ew d ea upe vi y hort te s now rpe f t s Cour ' r ew . i or hi ts evi LEG AL STAN DA RD i ummayj dg n i a pr p it wheet pla i sa s p t mae il t s r u me t s p o rae r he e dng nd u pori ng tras esabls t t r i no ge ne i s ast a m a eralf ta t tt m ovi pa t i t ih hat he e s nui s ue o ny t i a nd ha he ng ry s e tte t j gme a amatro lw. CeotxCop. .Catet47 U. 31 3 nild o ud nt s te f a ' l e r v r t, 7 S. 7, 22 ' ( 98 ) d. Ci P. 6( ) S 1 6) Fe R. v. 5 a . ummayj g ntû spr pe l r ga de no a a r ud me i o ry e r d t s i dif vor pr s a ed ocedur s tut butr t a a i egr pa toft Fe r Rul asa al horc , aher s n nt al r he de al es whoe, ihaed sg dt s c etej s,s e d ,a ie pe i deemiai o l whc r e ine o e ur h u t p e yg) nd n x nsve tr n ton f e r a to 'Pa ev Ca i c 28 F. 1 5,1 8 ( 1h Ci. 00 . mm ay ve y ci n. c . poban o, 3 3d 27 2 4 1 t r 2 2) Su r ' j dg n i a pr ra eunls t r i ag n n is e o f c f rti lAge v Pore , u me t s p op it e s he e s e ui e s u f a t o ra . e . tr 21 F. 6 App' 8 ,8 ( 1h Ci. 07 .ç rf cua is st bee nsde e ge ne x 37 40 1 t r 20 ) S a t l sue o o i r d nui , Fo t ymus ha ar a ba i i t rc r 'Miev Jf es Cï ## o he t ve e l ss n he e o d. z . efron / . fEdu .93F.d ' y c, 3 7 9, 2 ( 1h Ci.1 6) I o sng amo i n f rs 3 74 1 t r 99 . n ppo i to o umma yj dgme , h no vi r u nt t e nmo ng pa t ûm us s ry t t how s ci) f st s pe tc act o uppor t t e i a ge ne diput ' Ander on v. t hat her s nui s e. ' s Lie t Lo y, n . 47 U. 2 2 ( 98 ) Then b ry bb I c , 7 S. 42, 48 1 6 . onmovi pa t ma n tr l o t e ng ry y o ey n h pl adi ,butr t m us dem onsr e age ne i s f ti lt ough af i vis e ngs a her t tat nui s ue or r a hr fda t , de ii i er oga or ans e s a a i i Ce ot x,477 U . 323- The postons, nt r t y w r , nd dm ssons. l e S. 24. exit nceofalm er s ntla' ofe denc i s se k e ci il ' vi e n upportoft nonm ovi pa t sposton i he ng ry' ii s i ufsci ;t r m us be evi e on whi t tnderoff tcoul r ona y fnd f ns t ent he e t denc ch he s ac d eas bl i or t m ovi pa t Nat, Cas.( .v.Pi he ng ry. 1 % ckens, 58 F. 2 App' 8 9,8 - 1( 1h Ci. 01 x 3 40 4 1 t r 2 4) ( u i Wale v Dar y, 1 1. 1 3,1 77( 1h Ci.l 90 ) q otng k r . b 9 1 72d 57 5 1 t r 9 ) . DI SCU SSI N O FLSA m a t t empl r m us pay empl stm e and ahal f tm e nda es hat oye s t oyee i f or i wo k d i e e soff ry h ur pe we k. 9 U. C.j 2 7( ) 1 . we r t s r e n xc s o t o s r e 2 S. 0 a ( ) Ho ve , hi r quiem e doesnotappl t 'a em pl e r nt y o 'ny oyet em pl d i abona fde executve . . . oye n ' i i c p ct '29 U. C.j2l ( ) l . e oy ra s ri a e e i b a st bu de a a iy. ' S. 3 a ( ' An mpl e s e tng n x mpton e r he r n j ofpr ng t tt exe pton a i s.Cal o v.B & R Su mar ,I ,63 F.Supp.3d ovi ha he m i pple v per ket nc. 1 6 1 78( D. a 2 4 . rhe ,te x mp insun rt FLSA a et be c nsr d 3 9, 3 S. Fl . 01 ) Fu t r il l e to de he r o o tue n ro ya is t e o rwho a s rst m . f ( iai nso it d . ndee m i ng a r wl gan t he mpl ye s e t he ' #. ct to m te ) I t r ni ' wh t ra e l ye ha e c tv sa u s h Cou tc nn r l (nt e o e sj b ehe n mp o e s xe u i e tt s t e r a ot ey ) he mpl ye ' o ttea o . 9 C. R. 5 12 ( 1 . t r t e o e mus s ts' b t as lr il l ne 2 F. j 4 . 20 6) Rahe - he mply r t a if o h aa yy bas st s and a prm a y dutest tt dem ons r e t ta em pl i et i r i es o tat ha n oyee qualt sundert s iie hi e e in. ga v Alsat f z Ct , F. 6 1( lh Ci. 00 . pe i- a l t e x mpto Ho n . lt e ng ) 36l '3d 2 1 t r 2 4) S c fe l h . . i y, De r m e ofLa Regul tonspr de t ta em pl pa t nt bor ai ovi ha n oyee' sat a an e utve i s t us s xec i s deer nedbas on af et a yssofwhet r(1 t e pl r ei as ar t mi ed a ual nal i he ) he m oyee ec ves al y g e trt a $ p rwe k, 2)t e o e' p i ay d t i m a ge n , 3 t r ae h n 455 e e ( he mpl ye s rm r u y s na me t ( ) he em pl oyee c t arl and r lary diee st wor oft o orm or ot em pl usom iy egtt l r t he k w e her oyees, and ( t empl eiherha t a hort t hieortr ort empl e' 4) he oyee t s he ut iy o r se, he oye s ks iuggtsi and r tons ecomm enda i ast t hii frng, adva m e ,pr oton or tons o he r ng, i i nce nt om i a ot cha ofs at ofot em pl ny her nge t us her oyees a egi pari ul w ei .'29C. R.j r ven tc ar ght ' F. 5 .00( ) 1 4 ( 6 . trc r f r viw, h Co 'fnd t a Pli tfsho d 411 a ( - ) 201 ) Afe a e ul e e t c ul i s h t a n if l t exec i postons,and ar t exe ptfom FLSA ' overi e r r ent . The Cour utve ii e hus m r S tm equiem s t wiladdr sea f ct i t n. l es ch a or n ur 1. Pl ntf sR e ve a Sal y G r ert ai if cei ar eat han $455 Per W e ek Pl ntf sdo notdiput t tt y r ei a s a y gr t t n $455 perw ee See ai i f s e ha he ec ve al r ea er ha k. DE 1 I f ,Pl i if 's l res f rexc t m i mum t be exem ptunderFLSA , 8. n act a ntf s a a i a eed he ni o wih M i t ncey and M uni eac maki $63, pe year and Scot maki $73, 6. zaga h ng 398 r , t ng 21 DE 13- a 289;DE 1 3 a 276)DE 1 1 a 298.Accor ngl t sf d ori s i ted. 2 t 3- t 3- t di y, hi a s atss 2. Pl ntfs Regul y Di ectt W or or Tw o orM or Em pl ai if arl r he k e oyee s The s econd f t t Cour m us cons de i w het Pl ntf sdie ed t w or ac or he t t i rs her ai if r ct he k ofa l tt o em pl t eas w oyees Theundi put e de s st tScot s . s ed vi nce how ha t uper s a cr w of vied e a l tt el empl t eas w ve oyeess nce s beca ea s r s i 2006, M i ey has s r s i he m upe vior n nc upe vi ed an a age ofel ven t s ve ee peopl si e he bec ne a s vi ori 201 and ver e o e nt n e nc al uper s n 3, M uni zaga hass r s an aver ofni em pl upe vied age ne oyeessnce he beca e a s i m uper s i vior n 201 DE 13-1a 26- DE 1 2 a 26- DE 1 3 a 15- 27.A ccor ngl t s f t 4. t 28; 3- t 27; 3- t 26di y, hi ac or i alo s ts i d. s s a i fe 3. Pl ntf Pr m ary Dut i M anagem ent ai irs i y s Thet r f d ort ais am or de aied f t a ys s Unde FLSA a hid a nt l e t l ac ual nal i . r n e oy e sé rma y d t 'sd sn d a 'hep i i lman, j ro mo ti ra mpl e ' ç i r uy'i e e s % rncpa , i ma o r s mpo tnt p t d y t a t e o ep ro m s'29C. R. 5 170 a . e o e' p i ay du y ut h t he mpl ye e f r . ' F. j 4 . 0( ) An mpl ye s rm r t i bas on a a ys soft t a iy oft cic s a s ed n nal i he ot lt hc r um t nccs Fa or t tt Cour m ay . ct s ha he t c i i ude S he r a i i pora oft exe ptdutes a com pa ed w ih ot r ons der ncl t el tve m tnce he m t i s r t he tpe ofd is t a un oftmes e tpe f mi e mptwor g nd t e o e s y s ute ; he mo t i p n ror ng xe k; a ) he mplye ' r ltvefe do fom dr c s pe vii '2 C. R. 5 . 0. t ug t a un o eai r e m r ie t u r son. 9 F. j 4170 Alho h he mo t f ' tm es ntpe f m i e ptactvii i aus ulgui i de er i ng prm a y dut i pe r or ng xem i tes s ef de n t m ni i r y, 'ti ao . .i no t s l ts,a no hi i t ss ci n r q r st te mp i lme l ne . s t he o e e t nd t ng n hi e to e uie ha xe t g em pl s s oyee pend m or t 50 pe ce oft rtm e pe f m i exe ptw or ' 29 C. R. e han r nt hei i r or ng m k.' F. j5 l7 0. 4 .0 Pl ntfsas er t t rprm a y dut wasnotm anagem'ntbec e t ai if s t hat hei i r y e aus hey pe f m ed m a r or nuall bor s a ope a i equi entand colec i de i However a , uch s r tng pm l tng brs. , k c o u r n pe f ma e o e mpta d no xe wo k do sno d s uaiy a i j nc re t ror nc f xe l n ne mpt r e t iq lf n em pl oyee fom t exe i e r he cutve xempton i t r r ent ...a e ot i f he equiem s r henvie m e . 29 s t' ' C. R.j5 .06 a . c di l t Co r mus c du taf cua a a y i ofwhehe , F. 41 1 ( ) Ac or ngy, he u t t on c a t l n l ss t r i addii t nonexe ptw or 'l i if prm a iy per or ed exem ptm a n ton o m k,P antf s i r l f m nageral i a i te ctvii s. The D e r m entofLaborRegul tonss tf t t f l i ls m a pa t ' ai e or h he olow ng i t nagem e nt a tv tc f re urst l o f rwhe ma ngaprma y d y d t r na i ( ) ci iis o o t o o k o n ki i r ut e e mi ton: 1 i e viw i s ectng,a tai ng ofe pl s'( sti a a j tn t i rtsof nt r e ng, el i nd r ni m oyee , 2) etng nd dusig her ae pa a ho so wo k; 3 die n t ewo k o e o es ( mant i ngpr d to y nd ur f r ( ) r dig h r f mpl ye ; 4) i ani o uc in o s l sr c d f ru ei s pevii n o c n r ; 5)a pr ii e o e ' o uci t r ae e or s o s n u r so r o tol ( p a sng mplye s pr d tviy and ef i e y f t pum os cfr com m e ng pr otonsorot c fci nc or he e ' e ndi om i hcr hangesi sa us' n tt , ( ha lng e oye c ant a d g iva e ,( dicplni e oy e ;( ) 6) nd i mpl e ompli s n rc nc s 7) s i i ng mpl e s 8 ' pln n t wo k;( dee m i ngt et c qu st b us d; 1 a pori ni t wo k a nig he r 9) tr ni h e hni e o e e ( 0) p to ng he r a ng t e o e ; 11 dee m i ngt et eofmae i l, upple ,ma hi r , mo he mplye s ( ) t r ni h yp tras s i s c ne y equi entort st be us orm e c pm ool o ed r handi t bebought soc d a s d; 1 ) se o , t ke nd ol ( 2 c n r li gt to a diti to ofmae i l o me c nd s a s pple ;( 3 o to ln he l w nd srbu in tras r r ha ie nd u i s 1 ) p o di f t e s ft a s c i oft e o eso t p o ry; 1 plnni a r vi ng or h a ey nd e urt he mplye r he r pe t ( 4) a ng nd y c ntoli t ebu t a ( 5 mo t rng o i e ntng lga c inc me s r s o r lng h dge; nd 1 ) nio i r mpl me i e l ompla e a u e . 29C. R. 5 l1 2. t rc r f r viw o t r c r t Cou'tnd t tPl itfs F. j 4 . 0 Afe a e ul e e f he e o d,he t s s ha an if t p rome amaort oft ma g ra ts ouln di teRe ulto . ef r d j iy he na eila ks tie n h g ains To begi wih, he r d s st Pl ntf seac pl d ar e i diec i , n t t ecor how hat ai i f h aye ol n r tng pl ng,a a anni nd ppori ng t w or oft rr pec i cr w s l ed,i i undiput toni he k hei es tve e . nde t s s ed t tPli if diti utd wo k o de sa d pe f r d i p c insof o stson ar g a ha antfs srb e r r r n ro me ns e to j b ie e ulr bas s DE l a 295.DE 1 2 at287- D E 1 3 at274- . M or i. 3-1 t , 388; 375 eover Scot t tted , t esis t ts die she cr m em ber ast whe e t go f a s gnm ent . DE 13- a 38.She ha he r ct r ew s o r o or s i s 1 t f t a ee t hercr w mus adhe e t herdiec or r . 1 a 53. i y sm ia l urher gr d hat e t r o r t de s d. t M nce i l ry tsi e t thec tole t to ofwo k,d r ce c e m e r t dopa tc a j s e tt d ha i on r ld he l w r ie t d r w mbe s o riulr ob , a de er i whi cr w m e berw oul be as i d a t k by choos ng tt bes c e nd t m ned ch e m d s gne as i lhe t r w me e t h nd et j b. DE l 2 a 3 ,1 . i e f t r t si e a ln t mb r o a l he o ' ' 3- t 2 05 M nc y urhe e tt d t e g h i r di pl nni satng t the woul i ped st it se w hatt bi pi ur i on egar ng a ng, t i ha d ns ies ûo e he g ct e s t tpatc a j b, eorls wha i g ngt b ne d dt a drs i. 1 .a 3 ha riulr o mor e s t s oi o e e e o d e s t' d t 5. ' M uni zaga lkewi e t s is t tass rvior he diec ed hi c ew t do w or a i s e tted ha upe s , r t sr o k nd de er i t num be ofwor sne s y f any gi as i e . D E 1 3 at37t m ned he r ker ces ar or ven sgnm nt 338s11 15. 4- Ther d al o evi ecor s ncest tPl ntfsplyed ar e i t a ni t rcr w ha ai if a ol n r i ng hei e mem be s Scot s is l t tfed t ts w a parl r s r. t pec tcaly es ëi ha hc s ty e pons bl f empl i e or oyee t ani DE 1 1at50- W ih r pec t M i y,a pe f m ance a ai la hor d by r i ng. 351. t es t o nce r or ppr sa ut e t Chi ofPublc W or Oper tons i ca est tM i ey i r ponsbl f pr di he ef i ks a i ndi t ha nc s es i e or ovi ng i t j btanig. DE 1 - a 35 Thee de efrhe d mo tae t tM unz g i he o ri n ' on ' 32 t 0. vi nc u t r e nsrts ha ia a alo e ge i tai ng,ashe t tfed t the Sc hed' hi c e m e be st ens e s nga d n r ni esii ha ûoac ' s r w m r o ur t tt yun rtodt r e rgadi s ft a aj bst . 1 3a 1 1 ha he deso he uls e r ng aey t o ie DE 3- t 0 . Pl ntf salo m a ged em pl ai if s na oyee l ve a com pl nt W ih r ea nd ai s. t espec t t t o he m anage enta doc e aton ofem pl m nd um nt i oyee hour ,t r d cont nscopi of s he ecor ai es ove tm e a l ri nd eave r eques f m st tPl i if s gned and a ove f s i son t t or ha a ntf s i ppr d or ubm s i o t i die or See D E 13-1at334her r ct . 358)DE 1 2 a 318- DE 13- at66,3253- t 35) 3 32. M or eover Pl i if e t tsed t empl , a ntf s ach es i hat oyee gre i vanc a pr em swih es nd obl t equi entw e e al r pored t t m . DE 1 1 a 39,94;DE 1 2 at62- 336;DE pm r so e t o he See 3- t 365, 1 3 at38. 1 3- ' r cor alo cont i i cess i t tScot a M uni Fhe e d s a ns nvoi how ng ha t nd zaga e e r s d ach xe ci e aut iy ove budge e ndiur sby a ovi paym e st i pe ntcont ac or . hort r t xpe t e ppr ng nt o nde nde r t s See DE 1 a 54,360- DE 13- a 80,334- Specii l Scot a oved pe i c 3-1 t 89) 3 t 39. fcaly, t ppr r odi pa yment t r a $152, 1 contact andM uni s owa d 686.4 r , zagaa ovedperodi payment ppr i c s t r a$61 440. conta t DE 1 a 360- DE 1 3 a 80,334owa d , 85 rc. 3-1 t 89; 3- t 39. l addii t undiput e dence es a i hest te Pl ntf pr ded f t n ton, he s ed vi t bls ha ach ai i f ovi or he s et oft rempl af y hei oyees W ih r pec t Scot,a a ai alaut ed by t . t es t o t n ppr s hor he s pe it n n sae t ton ofSc tso j c i sa as pe vs i t a prs he u rn e de t tt s ha e ot' b e tve s u r ior s o p ie r empl esoft s e y m eas es s tf t i t Ciy' a i sr tvepolcy oye he af t ur e orh n he t s dm ni ta i i m e or m anda.DE 1 1 a 1 Te t s e ef ec ,M i 3- t 09. , he am f t ncey t tfed t i t r w asan es ii hat f he e un a ec ndiin on t j b st , woul i pe ti,d lgaet s t t pr p rc e s f o to he o ie he d ns c t e e t a ks o he o e r w me r, ndc meu wihas uto t ma tej bst s f. 1 - a 6 mbes a o p t ol in o ke h o ie ae DE 32 t 4. Munz galke s a r e d rngd p iint te s igs ft wa pa t hij 1 3 ia i wie g e d u i e osto ha n urn a ey s r of s ob. 3a 1 t 24. Fi ly,t r or de orsr t t te Pl ntf pe f m ed a ai al oft r na l he ec d m tt a es ha ach ai if r or ppr s s hei em pl s a i ued di ci i r pr oyee nd ss s plna y ocedur s.Spe fcaly,Pl ntf sconduc ed annua e cii l ai i f t l per or a e a a s soft rer m ember whe e t r t d t e pl e on a f m nc ppr i al hei ew s, r hey a e he m oye l Alh ' t ough M i y de e t tequi nce nid ha pmentis swe erpore t hi ,t dRepol ofI dentpr t s ue r e td o m he û ' nci / opery t Da g /nuy'fr h c mpee idc tsta h i,nfc, ep n il f rrpotn d ma e e upme t DE ma elj r 'om e o ltd n iae h t e s i a trs o sbe o e rig a g d q i n. 1 2 a 336. 3- t num e i s e, r e det l not r r ng t per or a oft em pl e, a rcal cal w ot aied es ega di he f m nce he oye nd o ti d g l a o j ci sf rf u epe f ma e. e DE 1 - a 30 39) 1 - a u lne oa s nd b e tve o ut r ror nc S e 3 l t 3- DE 3 2 t 291 311; DE 13- at31 24.Forpr i y em pl 3 3obatonar oyees t e a ai al de er i , hes ppr s s t m ne whe ht t em pl t r he oyeew ilr t n a pe m a l e ai r nentposton orbet m i t SeeD E 1 3 at ii er na ed. 3- 38( mplye wa pr t dbe a eofM unia a' postve e l ton ; e aloDE 1 e o e s omo e c us z g s ii vaua i ) s e s 3 la 43( c t tsiyi t ta priasafc t j sauso pr bainaye o e t S ot etf ng ha p as l fe t he ob tt f o to r mplye s a a eus d t i r a epa s a e . nd r e o nc e s y c l ) A sf em pl or oyee di ci i Pl ntf seac com pl t Recor ofFor al s plne, ai if h e ed ds m Couns lng,whi i a f m us t docum e beha or orpr eli ch s or ed o nt vi al ocedur vi a i by al ol tons em pl s. oyee The f m cont nsf el s asScorectve A c i t be Taken' a or ai i ds uch s r i ton o ' nd i s bl Cons l i e pos equenc Shoul I dentO cc A gai 'Fori t es d nci ur n.' ns ance,on one s h f m , uc or Scot r pored an em pl te t oyee w he us d pr a t t a d a he em pl e of niy ow r not r oyee,a concl nd uded tfgmpl e lc tn swi t st peofb ha o s ewilber p i nde o s j c t k e oy e on i ue t hi y i h e vi r h l e rma d r ub e t o s pensi ' DE 1 1 a 330. si dentwase ua l t ken t ar t a i w her us on. ' 3- t Thi nci vent ly a o bir ton, e Scot t s ii DE 1 1 a 45. Si ia l , a f m com pl ed by M i y des rbesa t e tfed. 3- t 2 m l ry or et nce ci n e pl e w ho ca ed dam age t)equi e ,concl ng ti t s i de occ saga n we m oye us ( pm nt udi df hi nci nt ur i w ilf l t ough w ih t nexts e ofpr es i dici i ' D E 1 2 a 315. l olow hr t he tp ogr sve s plne. ' 3- t Pl ntf M uni ai i f zaga lke i e com pl e a dici i r f m f a cr m em be w ho f l i w s et d s plna y or or ew r aied t f low i sr to ,a c c u d k ft i m at rk e gi . ha pe i o h r o o l n tuci ns nd on l de s h s te e p sc) p n ng, t e i me s e wil tke i a c da ewih t e g o e ur s s tbyt ct 'DE 1 - a a ur s l be a n n c or nc t h pr c d e l e he iy. ' 33 t 2Fr t r or ,i i u l arwha t e r s toft a bir i wa . t h e ul he r taton s Om he ec d t s nc e 9 339. The ef c,i i cl r fom t r d t Pl ntf s c r or t s ea r he ecor hat ai if onduct di ci i r ed s plna y pr tdur by exe i and s itng t e f m s. oc es cutng ubm ti hes or To s ,t t tm ony by Pl ntf sa t va i a i s r i f m sf um he esi ai if nd he rous dm ni tatve or ound i n t r d a 1e t bls t tPl ntf sr a l e r s m ana r a aut iy ove t i he ecor l s a ih ha ai if egulry xe cied ge i l hort r her empl s.Accor ngl i i undiput t tPl i i f 'prm a y dut w asm ana m e . oyee di y, t s s ed ha a ntf s i r y ge nt 4. Pl ntf s'Recom m endatons ast t St us ofOt Em pl ai if i o he at her oyee ar s e G i Par i ar W e ght ven tcul i The t lf ori t Cour' exee i - xempton a ys si whe he Pl i if sna act n he ts utve e i nal i s t r a ntf s have hii and frng pow er or i t aler i whe he t rr rng ii , , n he t natve, t r hei ecom m e i ast ndatons o t sat t rem pl he t us hei oyeesar gi n pa i arwei .Pl i if m ai ai t t had no e ve rtcul ght a ntf s nt n hat hey i l nc o rt sausoft e rc e me e s j bs Ho ve ,a e i e b t ntue e ve he tt h i r w mb r ' o . we r s v nc d y he pe f m a a aial and dici i y f m s des i i t pr ous s ton oft s r or nce ppr s s s plnar or crbed n he evi ec i hi Or e , antf sr c mme a i sa t t i c e me e ' j b saus swe ece ry d r Pli if e o nd ton s o her r w mb rs o tt e r la l afor d gr atwei .I ed,Scot t s ii d t t empl f de e ght nde t e tfe hat he oyee appr i alf m s afec ed a s or f t pay s e a de er i w het apr tona y em pl cal nd t m ned her oba i r oyee w oul r t n aper a nt d e ai m ne poston orbe t m i ed.l 1 a 43.Thi w asf t c r ii er nat 3- t s urher orobor t by evi nce t a a ed de hat postve per or a appr s com pl t by M uni ii f m nce ai al e ed zaga r uled i t pr oton ofa es t n he om i n empl e. E 13- at38. oye D 3 Furher or i i evi nton t f ce oft f m t t D e r m entD iec or t m e, t s de he a he or hat he pa t r t r i s on Pl i if e uatons a s r s sprort s gni of on t appr s s. cle a ntfs' val i s upe vi or i o i ng f he ai al l ed,ass r s s Pl ntfs sgn a ac nde upe vi or , ai if i n know l edgem e a t end oft a ai a nt t he he ppr s l f m s a i i-'e eval i i bas d on my obs r tonsand r e ofa i e or t tng, k h f uaton s e e va i evi w pplcabl if r ton. trpr s nt my be t ud me oft e o e' pe f r nc . Se ,eg., n o ma i I e e e s s j g nt he mplye s r o ma e' e . ' DE 1 - a 31 ( mp ssa e . n c ta t t eDe rme Die t rsmpl sg a 3 3 t 5 e ha i dd d) I on r s, h pa t nt r c o i y i ns n a cknow l edgem e s a i iIhaver vi w ed t s e ua i a concur' The ef e,i i nt t tng, i e e hi val ton nd . ' r or t s obvi t tt D e t entD ie orpl essi fca w ei on Pl ntf s em pl ous ha he parm r ct ac gnii nt ght ai if ' oyee eva uatons l i . The dici i r f m scom pl t by Pl i if lkew ie dem onsr t t tt r s plna y or e ed antf s i s ta e ha hei r om m e i i l ec ndatons ntuenc t sat oft rc e m em ber . A spr ousl di c s e he t us hei r w s evi y s us ed, t r d dem onsr t t ts f m s efec i y f toned a t tr tsep i he ecor t a es ha uch or f tvel unc i s he s s t n dici i a pr ded a r cor oft i dentw hi coul be r i d upon durng s plne, nd ovi e d he nci ch d ele i f t r dici i r pr urhe s plna y oceedi . ngs A c di y,t ng i o consde a i t f d ss f t by t r d,t e i no eor ngl aki nt i r ton he a et orh he ecor her s diput t tPl ntf sr om m endatonsast t s a usoft rem pl s e ha ai if ec i o he t t hei oyeesw e e gr nt d r a e pari ul w ei by t rs ror tc ar ght hei upe i s. CO NC LU SI N O A fe ca ef r vi w oft r d,t C our tndst tPl i i f ar exe i t r r ul e e he ecor he ts ha a ntf s e eutve e pl esw ho ar exem pt d f om FLSA ' overi e r r m cnt .A c di y, i i m oye e e r S tm equie s cor ngl t s ORD ER ED ,AD JU DG ED ,a DECR EED t tDef nda ' M oton f Sum m a y nd ha e nts i or r J dg n ( 1 ) be a d t es me i, r by GRANTED. s pa aeOr r t u me t DE 3 , , n h a s he e By e r t de ,he Cour s le erFi J t hal nt nal udgm enton beha fofD ef l endantand agai tPl ntf s ns ai if . D ON E and O RD ERED i Cham ber a t Ja es La enc K i Fede alJ tce n s t he m wr e ng r us i Buidi and Unied St es Courhous i M i i Fl i t s l h da ofApr l 201 l ng t at t e n am , orda, hi 8t y i 7. , . v > ' A M ES L W N CE K I G N UN I TED STATES DI STRI CT SOU THERN DI STRI OF CT % . .. a * .# , .' Cc: A1 couns ofr d 1 el ecor , . ' GE RI A D