Bakar et al v. Bryant, No. 1:2013cv21927 - Document 19 (S.D. Fla. 2013)

Court Description: ORDER Granting Motion to Dismiss Count II of Plaintiffs' Complaint Signed by Chief Judge Federico A. Moreno on 10/4/2013. (bnt)
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Bakar et al v. Bryant Doc. 19 UNI TED STATES DI STRI COURT FOR THE CT SOUTHERN DI STRJ OF FLORI CT DA M i miDi son a vii C as N um be 1 21 - V - O R EN O e r: 3- 927 Cl M I SAAC BAKAR,i vi ly a a pa e a ndi dual nd s r nt nd ne fi nd ofhi t e c l r J xt re s hr e hid en, ohn Doe #1 , J Doe#2, ndJ neDoe#1 a I S BAKAR, ohn a a ; nd RI i vi ual ndi d ly, Pli if , antfs VS. D ESM ON D J EL BRY AN T, ER De enda . f nt ORDER DI I NG COUNT 1 OF PLAI FFS'COM PLAI SM SSI 1 NTI NT Thi c us ca be or t Cour upon De e ntsM otont Dim isPl ntfs Cli f s a e me f e he t f nda ' i o s s ai if ' a m or l e i I lc i ofEmotonalDite s Be us t de e ntsa lgedco ntntonal ntiton i sr s . ca e he f nda ' le nduc doesnotrs t ie t t lve ofç r ousc o he e l t age out onduc' r quied b Fl i l Pl i if 'Coun 1 i dim is d. t' e r y orda aw, antfs t 1 s s se 1. 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De e n Br a s eque l ie aM otont Dim isPl ntfs i e i i lc i f nda t y nt ubs ntyfl d i o s s ai if 'ntntonalnfitonof m oton e i dite scam p ru n t F d rlRueofCii P o e u el ( )6 . srs li u s a t o e ea l vl r c d r 2 b ( ) I. I Le St gal andar d Unde Rul 1 b)6)acai s dbedimis dilac e i t wel- e dalegains r e 2( ( , l m houl s s e t c ptng he lplade l to ast e, ai ifi una et sat e nz apl ntf s bl o t e noug f t t e t bls t ti i pl i et pli ifi e ild h ac s o sa ih ha t s ausbl he antf s ntte 2009)Bel l i Cor v Twombl 550U. 544, ; lAtantc p. . y, S. t r le As r .fv I , U. 66 676( o ei f hc o t . qbal556 S. 2, 5 ( ) TheSuprmeCour hedi Twombl t tt lnet t nt fct lyne r la t 60 2007 . e t l n y ha he i û wee he a ual uta nd he be f t lys gesi . . t c os edt en e t r al of a i ela lt '550U . a 557n. acua l ug tve . mus be r s o t r he e m plusbl ibiiy. ' S. t 5. Foracai t bepl i e, pli ifmus l e dg fcu c e t tal t c todrw t l m o ausbl a antf tç a j a tal ontntha lows he our t a he pl r as bl i e e et tt de enda i la ef t m ic e ona e nfr nc ha he f nt s ibl or he s onduc a lged.'qbal 556U. a 676) t le 'I , S. t - 2- s ealoAm. nt As ' v Ci Cor ,605F. 1 3,1 ( 1h Ci.201 .û heet wel e s De al sn . gna p. 3d 28 290 1 t r 0) t r he l W plade f c sdo notper tt cour t i erm or t t m e e pos i lt ofm ico e d at mi he t o nf e han he r sbiiy s nduc ,t t he c ompli ha al ge - buti hasnotShown'- t t plade i e il t r lef'l ant s le d t s hat he e r s ntted o e i ' d 11 1. A nal s ysi A. Pl i if Ha N o A lege Fa t Sufk int t Plad A Cl i f l e i l antfs ve t l d c s t e o e am or nt ntona I l c i ofEm otonalD i tes . nt i ton i sr s To sa ea cli f i e i i lc i ofe o i dites unde Fl i lw,Pl i if tt am or ntntonal ntiton m ton sr s r orda a antfs mus alget t( )Dee ntsco uc wa i e ina orrc es,( Defnda ' c uc wa t le ha 1 fnda ' nd t s ntnto l e kl s 2) e nts ond t s o ta e us ( )Dee a tsc n u tc us d Plitfse to a d sr s ,a d ( )t e to l urg o , 3 fnd n ' o d c a e an if mo in l ite s n 4 he moina dite swa s vee.Wilamsv.Word deFlghtSe v .I . 877So.2d869,870( a 3dDCA sr s s e r li lwi i r s, nc, Fl. 2004) fe andev Emmanue,889 So.2d 991 99 ( a.3 DCA 2004) l heherconduc i ; Gr . l , 4 Fl d .ç t W ts s fcinty ç r eous t saeacai f i entona i lc i ofemotona dite si aque ton ufi e l outag ' o t t l m or nt i l ntiton i l sr s s si of1w f t Cour t de i 'Gar a v Car v Cor ,8 F.Supp.2d 1 1 ( D. a. a or he to cde.' ci . nial p. 38 334, 336 S. Fl 201 ;DeLa Campa v Gr sAm. J . 81 So.2d 940,9 ( a.3 DCA 2002)(lwj t 2) . fol , ac, 9 43 Fl d lg ha c tt e outage c onsiuts r ous onduc i aque to f t tilc tt deer neasamatrof1 '. ts sin or he ra our o t mi te aw' ) t hiet r i noe l l he e s xhausi orc r t ls ofwha c tt e outage c W tve onc ee it t onsiut s r ous onduc , o i tFl rda c ommon1 ha e ve a e rmel hi sa r 'Gar i 838F.Supp.2da 1 (iai aw s vol d n xte y gh tndad. ca, ' t 339 ctton o t d ; e n ev Ho ne 7 7So 2 8 5 8 6( a 3 DCA 1 9 )(tn a df ri urg o s' mit ) Clme t . r , 0 . d 6 , 6 Fl. d e 9 8 sa d r o û ta e u ' o co ti pa tc aryhi i Flrda . 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( 9 5 ) V le v GAB Ro isN Am.I c, 2 So 2 8 2 8 6( a 3 DCA f rs 6 mtd 1 6 ); ad s . bn , n .9 4 . d 6 , 6 F1. d 2006)( i Re ttme ( co )ofTorsj46 c .d) Thus tgl r aeonl aveylmie quotng sae nt Se nd t mt . ,çthee r y r i td s t fc s si whc c u t g a e r c g ie c n u t ss fi in l e rgo t s p o t cam e o a e n ih o rs h v l e o nz d o d c a u fce ty g e ius o u p r a li ofi e i na i lc i ofe otonal s s'saadi . ar N o. 07 c 1 -- M . , nt nto lntiton m i dites .' v M oun, 8: - v- 976- -24- * 2008 1 W L 41 482 a * ( . Fl Se .9,2008)(iain andquottonsomitd) ûg qr i uls 9 4, t 4 M D. a. pt ctto ai te .çslee ns t, i gnii ,hr a s orf leal gai 'a enot ndi tes t e t, a s le tons' r enough.Wilams 877So. a 870; e Saadi2008 li , 2d t se , W L 41 4 2 ,a * l d e e e alg to s o le rh nsbe o j cin be a o fnsv ' 9 8 4 t 4. n e d, v n le ain f ' p e e i l, b e to a l, nd fe i e' r c n u tha eb e rj ce a is fce tt saeacam f ritn in l n lcino e to a o d c v e n ee td s n ufiin o tt li o n e to a i fito f moi n l dite s Wilams b77 So.2d a 8 sr s . li , t 70. l Gar av. nialCor ,ore mpl t c t a e hede e ntsm o i odim is n ci Car v p.f xa e,he our gr nt dt f nda ' tont s s t pl i ifs i entonali l ci n ofe i dite s cai de pie fndi t tt de e nt he antf nt i nti to moton sr s l m s t i ng ha he f nda c omm itd a s ta ba tr ag ns he . F.Supp.2dat1 te s aul nd te y ai t r 838 335.I Gar i t pl ntf ale d n c a, he ai if l ge t s wasappr hed b s ve oft de enda ' c ew m e hat he oac y e n he f nts r mber .W he s ve a oft c e s n e r l he r w membe sgr bbe he , antf Ga ci a lge s hadapa cat c whi hm a i difc tf r r a d r Pl i if r a le d, he ni ta k, c de t fi ul orhe t br t a c us d herc tpa ns 1 Ga ci f t ra l ge t tt c e m e be s ki ked a o ea h nd a e hes i . d. r a urhe le d ha he r w m r c nd punc he , hr hert t gr hed r t ew o he ound m uli e tm e , ndc f d he i a ha u m n r dr gge tpl i s ha uf e r n nnf l nne , a d he a r st toorwhie s wa ha ufe a t c i d hert a c bi by plci a c e r c os he l l he s ndc f d, nd hen onfne o a n a ng r w - 4- me be i me a eyouti ofhe c bi doora pr ve i herfom ot r s l vi he c bi m r m dit l sde ra n nd e ntng r he wie ea ng r a n untlt f lowi d l at 1 i he o l ng ay. d 336.Fi ng t Fl rda s ta le r m el hi sa r 'f ndi hat o i e n txte y gh t nda d' or i e i li lc i ofe i dites cli , hecour hed t not nga lgedbypl i ifwas nt ntona nfiton moton sr s a ms t t l hat hi le antf t oouta ousi c r t , nds e r m ei deg ee'ast sa ea i en i i lc i ofe oton i s r ge n ha acer a o xte n r ,' o tt n nt tonalnfiton m i dsrs cam. d (iaina q oain o te ) S eas Ke tv Ha rs n 46 So 2 1 l ite s li I ctto nd u tto s mitd . e lo n . r io , 7 . d 1 4, l11 ( a 2d DCA 1 5 F1. 985) ( fnsve a haasi co t nonehel s di notc tt e ofe i nd r sng nduc t es d onsiut t r ous'be virs fcintt pr a i e ina i lci ofemotondite scai . ' age ' ha o uf e o ove n ntnto l ntiton out i srs l m) He e Pl ntfs al ga i ns tke astue do notplad f c s s r , ai if ' le to , a n r , e a t howi t tDe e nts ng ha f nda ' co uctwa s fce l outa oust s ts y t e e ous de e of c nd s ufi inty r ge o a if he gr gi gr e onduc r quie f r a t e rd o n i e i li lci n ofemoton dites cai . ai if aleg t tDef nda woket m a 5:0 ntntona nfi to i sr s l m Pl ntfs l e ha e nt he t 3 a. . a Sunda m or ngby% ti ' nd % m on y ni û tng'a ç hi poundi 'a l temptngt f c 'ope t rdoo s ng' nd s t a i o or e' n hei r ; s c t yaleg t theûi e t fontdoorhandl of t wooddoor,s rwsa al'a e ond,he l e ha t pldl he r r e f he s ce nd 1'; nd t r t y aleg t the di s know knowi kha t Pl i if we e pe ula l s ce i e t hid, he l e ha d o ng s t he antfs r c iry us ptbl o t e otona dite sdue t t da an hourhe c e t die hi vi e e a ns t m.'Suc m i l sr s o he y d hos o r ct s ol nc gai t he ' h aleg i f l ome t r quiielvel S r ge 'b vi s if ngac am f i e i l l atons ait et he e st e of t a ous' eha or atsyi out l i or nt ntona i lci ofe oton dite su nfi ton m i sr s nderFl i l The sa r us i Fl i sem sfom Seci n orda aw. tnda d ed n orda t r to 46 of t Re t ement( c he sat Se ond) of Tors whih smial hol t t c t, c i lry ds ha onduc,f i t be t or t o ' r eous'mus be be nd ç l pos i eboundsofde nc ' t ag out ,' t yo l l sbl a ce y'; The la lt cla l doesnote endt me e i uls i g tes t eas .. ot r ibiiy e ry xt o r ns t, ndinii , hr t. or he ti a ii s Ther rvilte . ough e dgesofours it a esili ne d ofa good de loftlng oce y r tl n e a ii down, i t m e ntmepli if m us ne es a iy b expe e andr r d t and n he a i antfs t c s rl e ctd equie o be ha dene t a c r a n a ountofr r d o e ti m ough l nguage a t occ i lac st ta e a , nd o asona t ha r defniey i i t l nconsde ae a unki i r t nd nd. 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De r c thel t t t e mus be ç h physca and ve bala e, a t t i mus be shio our d ha her t t bot i l r bus ' nd ha t ' t pe v sve.d ( a i moi t dimis; ealoSaadi2008W L 41 r a i I grntng ton o s s) se s , 94824,a * Gar a,838 t 4; ci F.Supp.2da 1 ( fndan c us cew me skike ha t 336 dee t r ie r mber c d, ndcufe a drgge a t fd, nd a d nd hen c i d pli if butt c tnonehels gantd t deenda ' moin t dimis.Thi i onfne antf, he our t e s r e he f nts to o s s) s s c it ntwih t f c t tFl i hass ta ç xt e e y hi sanda d' f i e i li lc i ons s e t he a t ha or da e n û r m l gh t r ' or nt ntona nf i ton e ofe o i dite s cli ,a no hi s tofcond tt xte i de ee'i t ba i of a m ton sr s a ms nd t ng hor uc û r me n gr ' s he s s e s c s f i e i li lc i ofemoton dites c am .Gar i 838 F.Supp. a 1336. uc e s ul nt ntona ntiton i sr s l i ca, 2d t B. D e enda Br ntç f nt ya ç Knew' ofSus ep i ltesofPl ntf s ' c tbiii ai if Pl ntfs r mai ng i e i li lci ofe i dite sa lga i - t tDef nda ai if ' e ni ntntona nti ton moton sr s le ton ha e nt pur t dl t por e y t knew' of c r ai s c ptbiii t t m a Pl i if m or lke y t expe i nc ' e t n us e i ltes ha de a ntf s e i l o re e e oi m tonaldi tes - atem pt t i sr s t s o nvoke a lm ie e pto of i e i i t d xce i n nt ntonali lc i of e oton nfi ton m i di tes c e 1 w t t i not a i abl on t s f ct .I c r a n i t nce ,c t ha alow e sr s as a ha s pplc e he e a s n e t i ns a s our s ve l d pl ntf st s a e a c a m f i en i ai i f o t t l i or nt tonali lc i ofe oton di tes i t pl ntf ç spec i ry nfi ton m i s r s f he ai if t i ula l s ce i et e i dites ,a t ot rpe s knowsir whe ei c t m a us a l r us ptbl o motonal sr s nd he he r on t' ' r n ours y e owe - 6- sa r f ç r eo 't e l t t c cti que ton. nk v Na e Comm J, p.829 tndad ort ag us'o vauae he ondu n si Je s . pls out Hos , F.Supp. 1 1 6( . 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Wensei ts ufi int o rgge he tnda d or t age out ha or' i t n ' r Bulik 827F.Supp.11 1 ( D.Pa.1 (1 al t de e ntsk e t tis . lc , 93, 205 E. 993) û low he f nda ' mowldge ha t To aci nswilu ett pli ift ti rt l rsa r f ûxte a outage 'be vi to l ps he antf o rgge he owe tnda d or e r me nd r ous ha or e vso e i Co nt g fheRettme t wo l al w tee c pto d srb di Co n t n iin d n mme f o t sae n ) ud lo h x e in e ci e n mme t o s l w t er l o j4 .) wal h ue f 65 . o 9 I . 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