Rodriguez et al v. Pan & Plus Baking, LLC et al, No. 1:2012cv23193 - Document 42 (S.D. Fla. 2013)

Court Description: ORDER granting 32 Motion for Summary Judgment Signed by Chief Judge Federico A. Moreno on 4/17/2013. (cbe)

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Rodriguez et al v. Pan & Plus Baking, LLC et al Doc. 42 UNI TED STATES DI UCT COURT F0R THE STI SOUTHERN DI STRI OF FLORI CT DA M i m iDi son a vii Cas Num ber 12e : 23193- V- ORENO CI M OSM I LDO RODRI GUEZ, J Esus B.sI oN M GONZALEZ , ONATHAN and J , Pli if , antfs VS. PAN & PLUS BAKI , LLC,e a1, NG t . De e nt. f nda s / ORDER GRANTI DEFENDANTS' OTI FO R SUM M ARY JUDG M ENT NG M ON THI CAUSE c m ebe or t Co tu t def nda s M oton f Summar J S a f e he ur pon he e nt ' i or y ud gm ent ( E. 32)Pli if Os l Rodrguez J s B Si D. No. . antfs mido i , e us mon, J t Gonzaezbr and ona han l oughts t ui . fr vi ai oft Fai La Stndads Ac' ove tme pr sons (' o oltons he r bor a r ts ri ovii ' FLSA' l r s e, ' n e pons ) . De e nt He a a i a J geA. tno, Pl CA , LLC, Pl CC, f nda s m nAr ncbi , or Casa Pan us Pan us LLC, n& Pl Pa us Ba ng, LLC, a Uni Ba r Equi e , ki nd que ke y pm nt LLC fld a mo in f r s mma y j d me t ie to o u r u g n c lngngSa a sove tmec hale i ntna' ri ompens ton cai sundert Ac . Thes nt def nt M i l ai l m he t eve h enda , gue Catn d ,h s n tmo e f r s mmay j g n l The def ndant cont nd t t Pli if sa e a a o v d o u r ud me t e s e ha a ntfs . Rodrgue Gonz l z, a Si i z, a e nd mon ar e mptempl ye unde t M ot Ca e Exe i t t e xe o es r he or ni r mpton o he F LSA. 9U.. j21 () 1.Be a et ep an if'li fit ce t ag nun is o mae il 2 SC. 3b ( ) c us h litfscams alo rae e ie sue f tra f c ast t i c r geunde heM ot Ca e Exe pto t sCour gr t t def nda sm o i a t o her ove a rt or ni r m i n hi t an s he e nt ' ton , frsl r u g n . o l mma yj d me t l rp r o e o ti Or e o t es mmayj dg nt to , t t m 'def ndant ' Fo u p s s f h s d r n h u r u me mo in he er ' e s' r e st He na Ar ncbi , J r e A .Ca t no,Pa Pl CA , LLC, n Pl CC,LLC Pa & Pl ef r o r n a i a o g sa n us Pa us B n us , a ng, nki LLC,a Uni Ba y Equi nt LLC and notM i elCa tne . nd que ker pme , gu sa da Dockets.Justia.com 1 BACKGROUND . Thede e nte ii ,Pa Pl CA , LLC,Pa Pl CC,LLC,PM & Pl Bn ng, LLC, f nda nttes n us n us us nki and U ni Ba r Equi e , que ke y pm nt LLC , (oget r ' Pl ' aei t busne sofs lngi t he,' PM us' r n he i s eli mpored ) t b k r p o u t.Th mao i o p o ucs s l b te d fn a t ae p rh s d fo f rin a ey r d cs e j rt f r d t o d y h ee d n s r u c a e r m o eg y ve s i l ng a Chie n c ndor , ncudi l a ompan c le M aqui n Chie S.A. a Spa s compan cal d y a ld pa l , nih y le Bels à,S. ,a a Ca di n c lol A. nd na a ompa ca ld Unied Ba r M a acur s Forpur esoft ny le t ke y nuf t er . pos he p e e tmoin,t d fn a t e tte a e c n iee t b a j i te tr rs wih c mmo rs n to he ee d n niis r o sd r d o e o n n ep ie t o n owne s p,co r ,a busne s pur e.Def nda J ge A . Casa i a prncpalwih f l rhi ntol nd i s pos e nt or t no s i i t ul o r tona c r ofa lt def nda e ii a t Chiea c pe ai l ontol l he e nt nttes nd he l n ompa . The de e ny f ndan en iis t tte or e t f ei ba r oduct a co di t i tfom t def nda s Fl i c t r ,m os der d he or gn ke ypr s c r ng o npu r he e nt ' orda usome s t ofwhih do busne s i M i mi Fl i . Onc i re t pr t we e sor d a a M i c i s n a , orda e mpo td, he oduc s r t e t ami wa e r hous a ii de i r e watng lve y. Thepl ntfswe eempl ye a r rge a e tuc drve sf t def nda e ii s Pl i if ai if r o d s efi r t d r k i r or he e nt ntte . antf Rodrg wor d f t de e nt fom J me of2009 t M a c of201 . Pl i if Gonz l z i uez ke or he f nda s r t o rh 2 antf ae wo keda Pa Pl fom J of2003t M a c of201 . Pl ntf Si onwor f t def nda s r t n us r une o rh 2 ai if m ked or he e nt fom Dec m be of2006 t J y 201 . W hie e oy by t de e nte ii , t pli if r e r o ul 2 l mpl ed he f nda nttes he antfs delve e bake ypr ucst Fl i c t r . A1 t eepli if he dcomm e cild i rslc ns s i rd r od t o orda usome s 1hr a ntfs l r a rve ' ie e durngt re oy e , cha l dt m t drveta t r l t u ksl s dbyt def nda s i hei mpl m ntwhi lowe he o i r c ortaier r c ea e he e nt . Pli ifGo a e and Pli ifRo i antf nz l z antf drguezdr t c pa es tuc durng t e ie yoft r ove he om ni 'r ks i he ntr t hei e oyme .Pl ntf Si mpl nt ai if mon wor d a a tuc d i r untlNove r of 2011 w he he was ke s r k rve i mbe n , tanse r t t de e nt ' r hous . Ther , swor c itd ofl di bake ypr t a r fred o he f nda s wa e e e hi k onsse oa ng r oduc s nd diply c es ont t delve y t u ks Pl ntf Si on was a s e s a as o he i r r c . ai if m lo xpeced t con i drvi t o tnue i ng delve y tu ksdurngt tme pe i i whih hewor d a t wa e us . i r rc i he i rod n c ke t he r ho e 1. SUM M ARY J I UDGM ENT STANDARD A c u t h lg a ts mmayj d me tf'h mo a t ho t a te ei n g n i ed s u e o r s al r n u r u g n i ' e v n s ws h th r s o e u n ip t t a t a ymaeilfc a dt emo a ti e tte t j g n a amatro lm 'F d R.Ci P. s o n tra a t n h v n s n i d o ud me t s te f a ' e l v. . 5 ()Co s q e t t emo a t'e r t iiile p n iiiyo i o mi t ed src c u t fhe 6a . n e u n l h v n ' a she nta rs o sb l fnf r ng h itit o ro t y, b t bass f is moton,and i ntf ng t e pori of t pl di , de ii ,a we s t i or t i de iyi hos tons he ea ngs postons ns r o i e r t i , a a isons on fl , t t r wih t a fda t , i an whi h i be ives nt rogaores nd dm s i ie oge he t he fi vis f y, c t le de onsr t t abs nc ofage neis ofm aera f ct'SeeCeotx Cor v.Cat et 477U .S. m tae he e e nui s ue t il a . ' l e p. r t, 31 323 ( 986) l e l tngwhehe t mova ha me t sbur n, a courtm ustvi w al t 7, 1 . n vauai t r he nt s t hi de e l he e de ei t lg mos f a et t no movi pa t . Oncet m ova ha me isbtr n vi nc n he i ht t avor bl o he nng ry he nt s t t lde underRul 56,hebtr ofpr ton s fsa t non- ovi pa t ' t mor t n smpl e t lden oduc i hit nd he m ng ry ' mus do e ha i y s how t tt r i s ha he e s omemetphysca doubta t t ma e i lf c s'M atus t Elc. ndu .Co v a i l s o he t ra a t . ' s hia e I s . . Zenih Radi Cor ,475 U. . 5 4 58 ( 98 ) t o p. S 7 , 6 1 6. Addii ly,a e o rs ki t as e t FLSA e mpton ha t bur n ofpr ng tonal n mpl ye ee ng o s r an xe i s he de ovi t tt e o e f l ' anl a unm it ka y wihi t t r sand s rt' t exe i . ha he mpl ye als pli y nd sa bl t n he e m pii'of he mpton M o rs nv Qu lt T a s rsSe vc sI c, 7 F. u p. d 1 0 , 3 8( D. l. 007)s ealo r io . ai r npo t r ie ,n .4 4 S p 2 3 3 1 0 S F a 2 ;e s y . Niholo v.Wo l Bus Ne wo k f t 1 5F. d 1 61 1 6 ( 1hCi.9 7 . t t esaues c sn rd . t r , al, 0 3 3 , 3 4 1 t r1 9 ) Due o h tt t' r medil t e, mptonsfom t FLSA' co r gear ge al consr e na r y a ai t he e a naur exe i r he S ve a e ner ly t u d rowl g ns t e pl r s eki t a s r t m . M o rs 47 F.Supp.2d a 1 m oye s e ng o s e t he r ion, 4 t 308 (ii Ar d v Be ctng nol . n K anows y I . 361 U . . 388, k nc , S 392 ( 960).Howe r t M ot CarirAc,t sat e whih 1 ) ve, he or re t he t ut c pr dest exe i a is i t s c s , i lkewie a r medi sa ut a s d a s be ovi he mptons t s ue n hi a e s i s e al tt e nd houl lo br dl c tue Gal eat v GufOi Cop. 41 F.d 9 ,9 6 ( 1h Ci.1 6 )(uoig oa y onsr d. br h . l l r , 3 2 41 4 1 t r 9 9 q tn Cr s entEx e sLi sv U S. 320 U. 401 ec pr s ne . , S. , 40 ( 9 3 ) 9 1 4 ). 11 DI 1. SCUSSI ON Thepli if cli t ywor d i exc soff t hour pe we k durngt ei em pl ent antfs a m he ke n es ory s r e i h r oym a a et r or e il t ove tmecompe a i fom t i f m e e o nd r he ef e ntted o ri ns ton r her or r mpl ye s unde t FLSA . r r he Plrua t t Ac , anempl rm us compe a ee oye snotl st n oneandonezs nt o he t oye t ns t mpl e es ha t i r gul r t f hour wor i e es off t hour perwee . her e ar a e or s ked n xc s ory s k haftm e l i s 2 U. C. 20 ()1.nte 9 S. j 7a ( )I h e ntt a e oye f l t pa ove tme, whe e r quied by l w a e pl e m a s a ve hat n mpl r ais o y ri r e r a , n m oye y ue n e oye f unpai overi ewa s 29U. C. 21 b)Thedee nt ha move f s mpl r or d tm ge . S. j 6( . fnda s ve d or ummar y j d me to teg o n st a t plitfsa en td eo e t wa e b c u et e aee e t u g n n h r u d h t he an if r o u v ri me g s e a s h y r x mp e pl esunde t M ot Ca e Exe i a t not il t overi epa . m oye r he or ni r mpton nd hus entted o tm y Se 29U. C. e S. j 21 b)1.The defnda sofe a a tonala si l difrntexe i arume ast 3( () e nt fr n ddii nd lghty fee mpton g nt o Pl ntf Si onwho,hede e nt cl m , a s wor d a apa ttm el de durnghi e oy e ai if m t f nda s ai lo ke s r-i oa r i s mpl m nt wih t de e t he f ndan sa i e mptass h unde 29 C .F. j78 3b (ii fe is nv S co t nd s xe uc r R. 2.4) ctng vn o . pe tr M ot r Se vie,330 U. . 6 9 6 ( 9 7 (x anig t a t e e l y e o p iaeo c nr c o r c S 4 , 61 1 4 ) e pli n h t h mp o e s f rv t r o ta t c rir ofp o e t b mo o v hce s b e tt te I trtt Co re Ac icu e d ie s ares r p ry y tr e il u j c o h n esae mmec t n ld rv r, m e ha c ,l de s a hel r , a1 of whih pe f m dute whih die ty a f t s f t of c nis oa r , nd pe s 1 c ror is c r c l fec a ey opeai ) rtonl. Thepli if, t ot rhand, c endt tt a enote m pt r t FLSA' ove tme a ntf s on he he ont ha hey r xe fom he S ri pa r r m e sf t f l ng r s :Fis, t pl ntfsa guet tt de e nt ha not y equie nt or he olowi ea ons rt he ai if r ha he f nda s ve put orhr cor evi ncet s t thede e nt 'r ns ttonofgoodst ke pl c i i e sa e f t e d de o how ha t f nda sta pora i a s a e n nt r t t c omme c Thepli if cai t t ta pora i ofgoodsi t sca ewa i r t t i na u e r e. a ntfs l m hat he r ns tton n hi s s ntas a e n t r , r mo i ted fn n e tt sfo tej rs ito o te S ceay o Tr n po tto a dt u e vng h ee da t nii r m h u id ci n f h e r tr f a s rain n h s e - 4- fom t M o orCa re Exe i . Se ond, t r pec t Pl ntf Si on t pa tesdia e a r he t rir mpton c wih es t o ai if m , he ri s gr e s t whehe t te oye wo ked a a 'oa 'asde i i 29C . o t r ha mpl e r s ' der' l fned n F. j7 2.(9. p ct ly te R. 8 5 1 S e i l,h ka panif ag et a Si nwa n ta e o e wh ej ba tvi e c n itd ' ol o i pat litfs r u h t mo s o n mply e os o ci t s o sse ' l r n r i wh y ofdoi ori me ael die tng, aca s wor dei d: ) t t al de, nd( a die ty ng, m di t y r c i ls of k tne (1 As ha of oa ra 2) s rcl a f tng t s f t ofope a i ofmot rvehi e i i e s ae or f ei c mer e wihi t feci he a e y r ton o cls n nt r tt or gn om c t n he me nn o teM oo Ca i rAcgl' 9C. R. 7 2.49. a ig f h tr n e t.'2 F. j 8 51 TheM o orCa e Exe i t ni r mpton The FLSA e m pt fom isove tmepr sons' n e o ewih r pe tt whom t xe s r t ri ovii ' y mpl ye t es c o a he Se emy ofTr ns ttonha t powe t e tbls qualtc tonsa m u i cr t a pora i s he r o sa ih ii a i nd mum hour ofs r c s e vie p ru n t t epr vso o g eM o o Care Ac)'Watr v Ame ia Co c Lie o a , u s a to h o iins f t h tr rir t. le s , rc n a h n s fMimi ' I . 569 F.Su 2d 1 , 1 81( D. a 20 8 ( u t 29U. C. 2 7 a ( ). h t rt nc , pp. 270 2 S. Fl. 0 ) q oi ng S. j 0 () 1) W ehe he M ot Ca e Exempton a i s'sde nde onwhe he t Sec e a yhast powe t r ult or ni r i pple ' pe nt i t r he r t r he r o eg ae , noton whehert Se r t r ha acualy e cs d s h powe .'Bae v Wels Far Ar e t he c e a y s t l xer ie uc r' z . l go mor d v r o Co p. 938F. 1 , 1 n. ( 1h Ci. 991 . v r , 2d 80 81 2 1 t r 1 ) k Ac or ng t t De rm e ofLa r gul tonse o ci t FLSA , t a iabiiyof c di o he pa t nt bor e ai nf r ng he he pplc lt teM oo Care Ex mpto ' e n s o ho hecmst whihr e o e 'e o ej eo gs h tr rir e in ' pe d b t nt ls o c t mply es mply r b ln d he a do t eca so wo kiv l di t ee ly esj b ' C F. j7 22 a . u ,oq aiyfr n n h ls f r n ove n h mpo e ' o . 29 R. 8 .() Th s t u lf o ' . t M ot Ca erExe i , tee ly rmu t sa ls t ti g : 1 t tti ac rirwh i he or ni mpton h mpo e s e tbih wo h n s () ha i s are o s s be toteS cea yo Tr n p rains u idcina d( )h th e ly e e g g sna tvt u j c t h e rtr f a s o tto 'j rs ito n 2 ta te mp o e s n a e i ciiy t ta f c st s f t ofo r ton ofm o orve cl i t ta pora i ofpa s r or ha fe t he a ey pe a i t hi es n he r ns tton s enge s pr opert y i i er t e com m er . Se 29C. R. 782. a-b)() s aloAlar v LG.rZ Delvey n nt s at ce e F. jj 2()( 2 ; ee s v ado . rq i r S t ,I . 41 F. S p 2 1 7 ,1 7 ( D. a 2 6 . ys ems nc , 0 u p. d 2 2 2 6 S. Fl. 00 ) Emplye 'Cls sc to o rs a s a in Thefrtpr is ong, t ra e oye i pr l cas ii whehe n mpl r s opery l sf e a ac n e t e tej rs ito d s a i rmd r h u idcin oft Sec ea yofTr ns tton, i awa ss ts dwh r teS c eayh se e csdj rs ito he r tr a porai s l y aise ee h e r tr a x rie u id cin ove t e oy .Se M e v M c t Daiy LLC 352 Fed.Appx r he mpl er e na . Arhur r , . 3 3 3 0 , 06( 1hCi. 0 9 . 1t r2 0 ) He e,hedefnda shaveofe e no e denc s r t e nt frd vi e howi t t ng ha a oft e ii a er git r dwihor ny he nttes r e se e t r gult d by t De rme ofTr ns ra i . Howe r t s i nott e oft i r e ae he pa t nt a po tton ve , hi s he nd he nquiy . Se e Wa tr v Ame ia Co c Lie O imiI c,5 5F.d 1 21 1 26( 1h Ci. 0 9 (r he le s . rc n a h n s fM a , n . 7 3 2 , 2 1 t r 2 0 ) 'T) ' Sec ear ofTr ns tton doesnotha t e r s t a rt y a pora i ve o xe cie he u h rt g a td t h m b t g o o t o i rn e o i y he M tr y Ca e Ac)frhemoo c rire e int b a p ia e ise d hi powert r ult t rt ni r t o t tr are x mpto o e p lc bl;n ta , s o eg ae mde he a tm e el ne t c rapa tc a g ou ofe o e . c r y eds o ove ri ulr r p mpl ye s '. ' ) TheM ot Ca e Ac gi t Se r t r ofTr ns tton t or ni r t ves he c e a y a pora i he ge r lpowe t pr s rbe ne a r o e ci ' ik ai a m a m u hotr ofs r c ofe o e o ,a sanda ds ofe pme of ' t tons nd xi m qual ls e vie mplye s f nd t r qui nt a , mot rprvat ca e ,when ne de t pr o i e ni r e d o omot s ey ofope aton. e af t r i '49U. C.j31 0 ( )2 .A ' S. 5 2b() ' o prvae c ni 'i de i a ' r i t a er' s fned s mot a pe s ot rt am o orc r ir ta pori pr ry bym ot vehil whe ron, he han t a re , r ns tng ope t or ce n- ( teta p rai ni a p o ie i s cin 1 5 o ti tte A) h rns o tto s s r vd d n e to 3 01 f h s il; ( t ep ro i teo e ,e s e o b i eo tep o hyb igta s o td a B) h es n s h wn r ls e , r al f h r pe en r n p re ; e ( t p o ryi b i C) he r pe t s en nd c m er i e e r s . om c al nt m i e gta pore f s l ,l s , r nt orba l e ort f t ra r ns td or a e ea e e , im nt o urhe 4 U. C.j 1 1 2 1 ) Viwe a aj ite tr rs , t def ndantenttes tt t s defnii 9 S. 3 0 ( 5 . e d s on n ep ie he e ii s hi i ton . Togehe ,t c t r he ompa e o r t asa ' r on ... tans tng pr ry bym ot ve ce ni s pe a e ' s pe r pori ope t or hil . 'TheCour ' t fndst tbypur sngt f r i bake goodst ought eUni Ba yEqui e e iy i ha cha i he o egn d hr h que ker pm nt ntt , Pl i pr ryc i r d'heowne ... oft pr pe t be ngt a por e us s ope l onsde e ' t r he o ry i r ns t d Pa n 'a t t hepr rywa ' nd ha t ope t s , beng ta pore f s l t t Flrdacusomer dmi t pl i if'e oyme i r ns td or ae o he o i t s ng he antfs mpl nt . 49U. C.j S. 1 1 2 1 ) s eas Bi o v Duc esBe rDitiuo s I ,300F.3d 21 22 - ( Ci 3 0 ( 3 ; e lo l u . th s e srb tr, nc. y 7, 2 223 2d r . z o lc n ldngt a ab e dsrb t rh t b ane s o isn no y9o o tofsat suppler o zt o cu i h t e r itiu o t a o ti dmo t ft ive tr m u -t e i s - a br we i f lwihi t M ot Ca re Ac ' defnii o m nd e res el t n he or ri r ts i ton f o o p i t c rir;Col s v t r rvae arel li . n He t Wi Celar , Lt ,2008W L 5423550, riage ne l s d. a * 2( D.1. o lfn igt eM o o Care t 2 N. 11z o8 li dn h tr rir Exe pto a id t a wi i m i n pple o ne mpore a diti ors i r t t t tr nd srbut ' ntasa e r ns t i n t r t ie swhe e a porato o e a lr r i nt yo i nae i vai f eg c res nve or rgi td n rous orin ounti ) . W hiet de e l he f ndan c t ompa esa a t ftwihi t de i ton ofam ot prvae c rir ni ppe r o i t n he fnii or i t a re u d rte u idcino teSe rtr o Tr n po tto , t mustnevert l sdemonstat t tt n e h j rs ito fh ceay f a s rain hey hees r e ha he ta porai t yperor i ' spr de i j 1 'oftte49 na y, t tt ta portton rns tton he f m s ' ovi d n 3501' il a mel ha he r ns ai i i e s a e i na ur . s nt r t t n t e I trt t Na u eo r npo t t n n esae t r fT a s rai o Se to 1 5 gv st e S ceayj rs ito o e ta s rain b mo o c ni rt te cin 3 01 ie h e rtr u id cin v r r n po tto y t r a e o h e e tt tpa s nge s pr pe t , orbot a eta pore xt n ha s e r , o ry h, r r ns td ( )bewe n apl ei1 t e ac n ( aSaea d apa ei a oh rSae A) tt n lc n n te tt; ( aSaea d a oh rplc i tes meS aetr u ha t e S ae B) tt n n te a e n h n tt h o g noh r tt; ( t eUntdSttsa daplc i atrio yo po s sin o t eUntdSttst C) h ie ae n a e n ert r r se so f h ie ae o t e e t ta po tton i i t Unie Stt ; he xt nt he r ns ra i s n he t d a es ( t Unie St e a a he plc i t Unie Stt t oughaf ein D) he td ats nd not r a e n he td aes hr or g c r t t e e t ta po tton i i t Unie St es o ounty o he xt nt he r ns ra i s n he t d at ; r ( t Unie Sttsa aplc i af ei c r t t e e t E) he td ae nd a e n or gn ounty o he xtnt he tans tton i i t Unied St t ;a r porai s n he t aes nd ()i ars r ainu d rtee cusv j rs ito o teUntd S ae o o ap bi 2 n e e v to n e h x l ie u id ci n f h ie tts r n u lc hi hwa g y. 49U. C.j 1 .Thepari a e t t pl ntfs ta po tton oft ba r pr t t S. 3501 tes gre hat he ai if'r ns rai he key oduc s ook plcee ieyi hesa eof orda. Howeve , c i 1 a ntr l nt tt Fl i r Se ton 3501si e saecomm e c r r m e i sil ' ntr t t r e equie nts tl - 7- s tsi d i t goodsbti ta pored wihi t bo de sofone sa e a e i ve i a ' r ci a a ife f he ng r ns t t n he r r tt r nvol d n ' a tc l p c i t ofm o men 'i t tow ofi ert t comm e c Wali v Jack onv lePa rCo ontnuiy ve t'n he l nt sae r e. lng . s il pe ., 31 7 U. 5 4, 6 ( 9 3 . u a oh r y,' trel i rasat tans tton canconsiut par ofi er tt S. 6 5 8 1 4 )P t n te wa ' l y nt t e r porai p tt e t nt sa e c omme cei i i pa t ac i r f t s r of ontnuoussr m ofi e sa eta . Fo t st bet c e tea nt r tt r vel r hi o he as , t r mus be he e t apr tc lc i t ofmove e bewe t i r sa e s aci a ontnuiy m nt t en he nta tt e g e a t ove al i e sa efo ' m nt nd he r l nt rt t l m ' Wale s, 15F.3 a 1 2 (n en l u tto s mitd . tr 5 d t 2 9 itr a q o ai n o t )A crtcalf ct i det ni t s pm ents e ii a or n enni ng he hi ' e s ntal ha a t i t s ppt 'z'i d a pe ssi i en ' s e i c r cer s he hi rs ' xe nd ritng nt t' f a t tm eoft s pm e . 29C. R. t he i he hi nt F. j7 27 b ( ) Th Un td Stt sCo r o Ap asf rt eElv nhCic i h sl 8 .( )2 . e ie ae u t f pe l o h e e t rut a ookedt ' actcal o' i pr co i r tons'when de e ni whehe t s pme i i nsde ai ' t nni ng t r he hi nt s nt a t t o i e s a e i nat e. Se r s a e r nt r t t n ur e Wale s 575 F. a 1 . Acc di y,t sCo t a sac mon- e ea oac t t c tr , 3d t 221 or ngl hi ur t ke om s ns ppr h o he h ar er act oft def nda c he e nt ompani ' hi e sofba r pr t . es s pm nt ke y oduc s The na ur oft ta porai i t sc s c n be dee m i d b e m i ng t int nto t e he r ns tton n hi a t a t r ne y xa ni he t e i n i f r e pror t s pm e , purua t whih pr t i c ni d t a s e e de tnaton by a o m d i o hi nt s nt o c opery s a e o elctd si i c n iu u o u iidmo me t.'S f Te tls I .v.Wat nsM ot Li s Inc. 799 F. 697 o tn o s r n fe ve n ll wit x i , nc ' e ki or ne , , 2d , 6 9( 1hCi. 9 6 ;e as Prj c Ho v M /vl Si 250F 3d67, ( Ci. lnotngt t 9 1 t r 1 8 ) s e lo o e t pe bn na, 74 2d rzoolt i ha . . 2 pli if r The antfsa guet tt he ' ual hi r' he a ha hede e nt ar nott ' ct s ppe ' oft f nda s e ta pore b pli if . Cii M e 35 Fed r ns td y antfs tng na, 2 pr ry ope t d . Appx. t307, hepl ntf scont nd t t he a t ai if e ha t e e nt ha f ie t pr der co d e de eesa ihi f nda s ve al d o ovi e r vi nc t bls i ngt m a t s ppe soft goods he s he hi r he n que ton. owe r t de e nt i pa ag a 5oft i St tm e ofUndi si H ve , he f nda s n r r ph her ae nt cla t i b e r her s e Fa t make put d c s usnes pu os t pur ha ef eg bake goods(hr t Uni Ba i s p e:o c s orin d t ough he que ke Equi e pm nt r y e i ) pe fcal or i y o o i usomes t s t ve pl i if r, LLC ent y s cii lyf del r t Flrdac t r. I i notc e rf om t a ntf s es l a ' he r pons who, i nott de e nte iis woul bet s pperoft ebake goods f he f nda ntte , f d he hi hos d orpur esofde e mi ngt ' hi rsi t nt'a pr uc smove i i ers at com m erce pos t r ni he ' ppe ' n e ' s od t s d n nt t e . The Co tfndsa l goust ur i na o h ec esc td by t de e nt de lng wih i pore /diti or of as ie he f nda s a i t m tr srbut s wi and be rorgi i f om outofs a e Se ne e i natng ' r t t . e lns 2008 W 5423550 , e l y e ' ru n t t nem anuf ct er rColihan empl Lrs diti, a *1houl ci g mp o e s ag me tha wi t 5(ee tn rj a ur s ahert t oye / srbut ss d be or c i r d t 'hi r'n t fxed a pe s si i en a onsde e he s ppe 'i he i nd r itng nt t nayss;Bi 300F. a 225. l i) l you, 3d t - 8- t naur ofta porai c n be' t r i e by r e e et t i e d fna de tna i he t e r ns tton a ' em n d de efr nc o he nt nde i l si to n'oft ' he ta porai n whe t t uli e de tnai n wa r ns tto n ha tmat si to s enviag a t tme t ta porai s ed t he i he r ns tton c omme e ; e aloBi 300F 3d at224- Here, t def ndant i ended t delverse r l nc d) s e s l you, 25. he e s nt o i ve a . va itesof'ls ni ' ke g re i l ipa c'ba d oods apori ofwhih a epr ton c r oduc d i Chie e n l , , Spai a Ca n, nd nada t , o c t r i Fl i .3I s e c s s t def nt i usome s n orda n om a e , he enda s mpore a tans re t good td nd r po td he st tl c ran o il e ti s ci c t r ' e exitng or r . I ot ri t nce pe t usome s pr - si k de s n he nsa s he r c ed ndta pore r ns td , t goodswe epur has a i a t iaino p oe tdc so rd ma frt e ef rinp oduct .The f tt tt shi nt n ni p to f r jce u t me e nd o h s o eg r c s ac ha he pme s di nota l r s d l cort pondt s ii c t ror r doesnot by is l o pecfc usome de s , te f , no fxe a pe ssi i en t s p goodsi it rs at com m erce i d nd r itng nt t o hi n ne t e . s uppor a fndi t tt r wa t i ng ha he e s Se Coli ,2008 W L 5423550, e lns at*18. Reg r e soft c r a dls he icumsa ss r undi t i vi s pment tnce uro ng he ndi dual hi s , t def nda s ove al he e nt' r l i e i was cl a . l i r fe e by t s p rspur has ofs c at nt nton e r t s e lctd he hipe ' c e pe i ly ba d goodsfo f ei ke r m or gn ma a t e sa hes e nuf c ur r ndt ubs quen ,c i t ontnuousta porai n o t egoodsfom t i r ns t to f hos r herpoi nt oforgi s in t d e nt 'c t e s i Fl i . Tha pr o ef nda s usom r n orda t oduc s we e s m ei s wa e t r o tme r hous d a t de e nt ' e t he f nda s f clt f pe i note edi t we ksd snotc nget ' a i a c i t ofm o me ' a iiy or rods xce ng wo e oe ha he ' ctc l ontnuiy pr ve nt' a ys s Se Waii g v Jac s lePa rCo nal i . e ln . k onvil pe . , 31 U. 564,568( 948 (' e r oft goods 7 S. 1 ) ' nty he The i o t wa e nt he r hous i e u s bu doe notn e ntn-pt t s e e s rl tr naet er itrtt j tne '.The c sai emi t h i n esae ol y ' y r l . i ta t t ta pora i oft s pr uc swa n r sa e r ns tton he e od t s pa tofa ' aci a contnuiy ofm o m e ' fom r ' tc l pr i t ve nt' r m a a t er i Chie, Span, nd Ca dat t c t e s Fl i so nuf c ur s n l i a na o he usom r ' orda t r s.I eCour fndst att s e '' h t i h hi m o m e s ts i st M ot Ca e A c ' i er t t c m ve nt a i fe he or ni r ts nt s a e om e cer r m e and i t s fc e t r equie nt s hus uf i i nt o plce t ta pora i oft goods unde t a he r ns tton he rh e S cea ysj rs ito p ru n t 4 U S. j e rtr ' u idcin u s a t o 9 C. . 3 pl ntfs de ii a s ma The ai if ' postons l o k er f r nc t Ar ntni n ba ypr e e e e o ge i a ker oducs Se ,eg. t. e . Si onDe . a pp.1 20. m p t 8- 9- l 5 ( )E) 3 01 1( . Emplye s' ute o e D is Ttr ngt t s condpr , t pa te donotdiput t t hepl ntfsa eo lni o he e ong he ris s e ha t ai if r r we ee o r mpl yed a d i r f t pli if . TheCour fndst tPl i if Rod i z a Gon s rve s or he antf s t i ha antfs rgue nd z l we er quie t aez r e r d o drveonpublchi i i ghwa andt t hi afe t dt s f t ofope a i of ot vehi es ys ha t s f c e he a e y r ton m or cl . Se 29C. R. e F. j7 2.( )2 ;2 C. R.j7 23() Asdic s ,t pate'diput o rt a ia lt oft 8 2 b ( ) 9 F. 8 a. sused he ris s e ve he pplc biiy h . e M ot Ca re Exe i ce er onwhe he t pli tfswe ee ge i i ert t c or rir mpton nt s t r he a n if r nga d n nt sa e omm e c when re ma ng l lde i res t t de e nt'c t ki oca lve i o he f nda s usomer . s The Co tha a r a dee mi t tt ur s le dy t r ned ha he pl i if ta po tdpr t i i e sa ec me antfs r ns re opery n nt rt t om r cedurngt tmet y m o dt ba r pr t i he i he ve he ke y oduc s fom t de e nt ' r ho et c t r . Acc di y,t Co tfndst tPli if Rodrgue r he f nda s wa e us o usome s or ngl he ur ha antfs i z a Gonz l za e e mpte pl esunde t M ot rCa re Exe i t t FLSA nd a e r xe m oye r he o r ir mpton o he . Asf Pl i ifSi on, t pa tesa e t thewo kedasbo hat ckdrv or antf m he ri gr e ha r t nl i e a awa e r nd r hous e e oye a dif r nt i dtrnghi e pl mpl e t fe e tmes li s m oyme . I hi de ii Pl i ifSi ont tfe t t s nt n s poston, antf m esii d ha hi p i r dut whieempl rma y y l oyed b t de e y he f ndan swasa t s atu drve andt thede i r pr ucs r ck i r ha lve ed od t on b l oft def nda entteson ada l ba i . Si De a p ehaf he e nt ii iy ss mon p. t . 1 Be nni o De embe 22, 4. gi ng n c r 2006,M r Si wor d excusvey asatuc drve f def nda s . mon ke l i l r k i r or e nt . 2011 t tM r Si sdute c ha . mon' i s hange t t e ofa wa e d o hos r hous e e m I wa notuntlNove be of t s i m r pl e.1 a pp. 34- Fort oye d. t 36. he r a o sa e t Cour fndst tM r Si e s ns tt d,he ti ha . monwa a e mpt mpl edm i hepe i r ngi s n xe e oye ngt rod a ngfom r Dec mbe of2006t Nove be of2011. Fort pe i i whi M r e r o m r he rod n ch . Si wor d asawa e e mon ke r hous e oy , hepa te diag e a t whe he hewa aFLsA- mpt'oa 'asde i d i 29C mpl ee t ri s s r e s o t r s exe ' der' l fne n F. R. . j7 25 4. 8 .4 TheM o orCa re Exe i a i st a e o t r ir mpton pple o n mpl y ewh s j biv l e a tvi e c n it g e o e o n o v s ci t s o ssi i n - 10- o d igaca so wo kde e ( )Asta o ala e , a d ( )a dr cl afci tes ft o f on ls f r fn d: 1 h t f o d r n 2 s ie ty fe t h aey f ng ope a i ofm o orve c e i i e sa eorf ein c r ton t hil s n nt r tt or g omm e c wihi re t n t me ngoft M ot Ca re he ani he or ri r Ac , i es ha empl ei a e pl twihr pe tt whom t eSe r t r ofTr f m ai ha t snc uc n oye s n m oye t ts c o h ceay ansor ton s powe t e t ih qualfc tonsa ma mum hotr ofs r c . r o sabls ii a i nd xi ls e vie 2 C. R. 7 25 . 'o d r' 9 F. j 8 .*) A ' a e, l ' a d fn df rM oo Ca e Ac j rs ito i s ei e o t r ni r t u idcin s a e l y eo ac rirs b e t os cin2 4o teMo o Ca re Ac (t e t a ad ie n mp o e f are u j c t e to 0 f h t r rir t oh r h n rv r o d i e'h le a d fn d i j 7 2. a d78 4) o ed te i lde a ngo h r r rv r ep r s eie n j 8 3 n 2 wh s u is ncu , mo t e s . t ngs t pr rl di ofhi e pl rsmot ve cess t tt y m ay be saf l hi , he ope oa ng s m oye ' or hi l o ha he ey ope a e on t hi r t d he ghwa oft c r . A 'oa r'ma beca ld by a t rnn e such ys he ounty ' de ' y l le no he m , as' km a ''t c ,'or' pe , a hi dute wilus l alo i l unl di a ' doc n, ' a ker ' ' 's hel r' nd s i s l ualy s ncude oa ng nd ' t ta f roffei bet e t ve cesandt wa e us , buthee ges a a he r nse r ght we n he hi l he r ho e ' nga , s ' der'i wo k die ty a f tng ' a e y ofo r ton's l asheha r s i lt l oa s n r r c l feci ' f t ' s pe a i ' o ong s e ponsbiiy when s m ot rve clsa ebeng l d, f re riigj d me a dds rto i uch o hi e r i oade o xecsn u g nt n icein n plnni a buid ng abalnce l ori pl i , diti i ors c i t pi c of a ng nd l i a d oad n acng srbutng, e urng he e es fe gh i s h amn rt tt s eo r ton oft ve ceson t hi h r i t n uc nne ha he af pe a i he hi l he g w a i i e sa e ys n nt r t t o f rin c mmec wil o be e padz d r o eg o re ln t j o r ie . 29C. R. 7 2.4)(iai n o te ) Plitf Si ntsiida hsd po iint a d rn te F. j 8 5a ctto s mitd . an if mo etfe t i e st h t u ig h o pe i be nni i Nove rod gi ng n mber 2011a e ng i J y, 201 hi dutesi l d l ng a , nd ndi n ul 2, s i ncude oadi nd unl di t r fi r t dei r tu kswih ba r pr t and dipl yca oa ng he e rge aed lve y r c t ke y oduc s s a s e f us byt s or e he r t i c t er .Si on De . a p 3 - 4 Usn afr i a dap l t a k, r Smo la e a1 e a l us om s m p t p. 3 3 . ig o kl n h al j c M . i n o d d 1 e oft out ngpr he goi oduc ont t dei r tuc , am os a wa by hi s f Si on Dep t o he lve y r ks l t l ys m el m . a p. t 29. Wh n a ay e i c n t to wi apli ra i o ted fnto c nan di 2 C e n lz d n o jmcin t an e dng f h e iin o tie n 9 h F. j R. 782. a) iceti ya r t tM r Si swa e edute wer t eofal r Hi wor 5( ,t ranl ppeas ha . mon' r hous is e hos oade s k . . i ude ' oadi a t ta f roffei be we n t ve cesa t wa e ncl d ' unl ng nd he r nse r ght t e he hi l nd he r hous ,' nd t e 'a he f c t heohe l d t dei r tuc byhi s l i c t st th a t hat n oade he lve y r ks m e f ndi a e ha eexe c s t r r d r ied he equie j d me t ndd s rto i ' a ig dsrb t , ors curng t pi esoffei 'i a manner u g n a ic ein n plcn , iti ui ng e i he ec r ght'n me ntt e tr t e t inta s f ope ai n o t edelver tuc a o nsle he fk e nd a e r to f h i y r ks . W hie t pari diput l he tes s e whe he ornotPl ntf Gonz l occ s t r ai if aez a i onaly i tu t d Pl ntf Si l nsr c e ai if mon onhow t ol dt oa he f r rstu k, t Cour doesno fnd t tt sg da o me ' r c he t t i ha hi ui nc er m o d Pli ifSi sa lt t e ve a ntf mon' biiy o e ecs j d me ta ddic ei ni c n n o th sfeg toadi dutes x r ie u g n n s rto n a yi g u i ri h l ng i . TheCour t fnds t hus i t tt M ot Ca re Exe i a s applest Pli ifSi on dlrng t tm ep ha he or r ir mpton l o i o a ntf m zi he i e i i whi h rod n c hewor d a t wa e ke t he r hous a al de . e s oa r I CONCLUSI V. ON Acc di y,t sCo tfndst tt t r or ngl hi ur i ha he he e ar no ge neis sofma e i f c a t e nui s ue t ral a t s o whehe t M o orCa e Exe i a i t r he t ni r mpton ppl est t ta po tton ofba ypr o he r ns ra i ker oduc sby pl ntfs t ai if i t rr e a t u k drve sa , i t ca e ofPli ifSi n hei ol s s r c i r nd n he s antf mon , a al de . goodsi t sca e s oa r The n hi s we eta po td aspa tofapr ctc lcontnuiy ofmove r r ns re r a ia i t me i t fo ofi e sa ec me c . nt n he l w nt rt t om r e l i t r or t s he ef e ADD DGED t def nda s M oto f rSu hat e nt' i n o m ma y J r udgmen i GRAN TED . Ptr uantt ts ls o Fe R.Ci . P.56 a 58,a f t r as sa e a d. v nd nd or he e ons t t d bo ve,t pli if c he antfs' ompl nti ai s DI I SM SSED a t Def nda sHe nan Ar s o e nt r a ncbi ,J geA . Ca tno,Pan Pl CA LLC,Pa Pl i a or sa us , n us CC,LLC, n & Pl Ba ng, LLC,a Uni Ba r Equi e Pa us nki nd que ke y pm nt LLC. ti f rhe I s ut r , ADJUDG ED t tt de e nt' oto t Di ha he f nda s M i n o s s ( E. .1 )i DE ED a MOOT mis D. No 9 s NI s . DONE AND ORDERED i Chambe sa M i m i Fl i n r t a , orda , t s hi day ofAprl 201 i, 3. w. FED A . M OREN O ' ' UQ TED S TATESDI TRI J S CT UDGE - 1 2- Copispr de t e ovi d o: Couns lofRe d e cor
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