MISC Berhad v. World Fuel Services Corporation, No. 1:2012cv21220 - Document 41 (S.D. Fla. 2013)

Court Description: ORDER denying 18 Motion to Dismiss Signed by Judge Patricia A. Seitz on 1/16/13. (tp)
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MISC Berhad v. World Fuel Services Corporation Doc. 41 UNI TED STATES DI STRI COURT CT SO U TH ER N D I STR I O F FLO R I A CT D CA SE N O .1 21 2- 220- V- SEI SI 0N TON C1 - TZ/ M M I BERH AD ,e c SC t ., Pl ntf, ai if W ORLD FUEL SERVI CES CORP., Dee ntThidPat Pli it fnda / r ry antfl V. W ESTPORT PETROLEUM ,l ., NC Thid Pa t Def nt r r y enda . O R DER DEN W N G TH I PAR TY DEFEN D AN T' M O TI N TO DI I RD S O SM SS Thi mat ri bef et Cour on Thid Pa t Defnda W e t t tol , I ' s te s or he t r ry e nt spor Pe r eum nc.s Cs et f'M otont Dimis( 1 )W ordFue Se viesI ' Cs ordFue' Thid- ry W spol ) i o s s DE- 8 l l r c nc.s W l 1' r pa t ) Co lit( 1 ) W o l Fu l rh s dmaiefe fo W et o t o ac r os i c a tr d mpan DE- 3 . rd e pu c a e rn u l r m sp r f r ag hp h ree b Pli ifM I Beha (1 SC'.Ac or ngt MI t f lwa c a naed M I y antf SC r d i MI ' c di o SC,he ue s ontmi t ) SC . s d W ordFuel who i t n fld at r pa t c ue l , n ur ie hid ry ompl i a i tW espor a lgi abr a h of ant gans t t le ng ec is f elpur has con r c a f i m nii a i . W e t t o d t dim isf i ope t u c e t a t nd or nde tc ton spor m ve o s s or mpr r ve unde Fe r Rul ofPr dur 1 b)3)ont gr mdst tt fr m s l to ca ei nue r deal e oce e 2( ( he ot ha he o u eecin lus n isTe msa Condii f Bunke Saesr r d t ta a ton i c t r nd tons or r l equie ha ny c i n onneci n wih is to t t a e m e w ih W o l Fue be br hti t f de a di t i tc tf r t Ce r lD it i tof gr e nt t rd l oug n he e r l s rc our o he nt a s rc Ca ior a. H a ng r vi wed t Pa te pa r , pladi ,a tda t,a r e nte bis t lf ni vi e e he r i s' pe s e ngs fi vis nd elva xhi t, he Cour de est moton t dimi sbec us W espor di notr s bl co uni t istr s t ni he i o s s a e t t d ea ona y mm cae t e m a condii nst W ord Fue . nd to o l l Dockets.Justia.com 1 . Bac ound kgr l 2007,W ordFuelc rce wihPl ntf t pr dema i f el(loknowna n l onta td t ai if o ovi rne ' as u s bunke f elf t M/ OOCL Chi ac aners pc tr byM I Thid- ry r u l or he V na, onti hi hareed SC r pa t . Co an ( 1 ) !5 W o l Fu l o ta tdwih e t o t os ppya dd l e t eb n e mplit DE- 3 , . rd e c nr ce tW sp r t u l n ei r h u k r v f e die ty t t ve s .Compl !6.l isCo an a an tW o l Fu lM I alg st a u l r c l o he s el ., n t mplit g is rd e, SC l e h t e t bunke si pur has d fo W ord Fue we e c ami t wih Al Phe and Bu yl he r t c e rm l l r ont na ed t kyl nol t Ac ylt ,t c m ial t tr nde marnef elt a e l On M a 1 , 201 W o l Fuelfl d r a e wo he c s ha e r i ' mus bl . u y 5 2 rd ie t Thid Pa t Compl ntagans W e t t orbr ac ofco r c a i mniy. 1 W ord he r ry ai i t spor f e h nta t nd nde t d. l Fuela l ge t tW espor ,a t f els pple , i r ponsbl f a da le s ha t t s he u u i r s es i e or ny mage a ii fom t s rsng ' he r c a natd bunker W e t tdelve e t M I . 1 ,!! 1 ,1 ont mi e s spor i r d o SC d. 1 6. W e t t g st tt sc es dbedimis dunde Rul 1 b)3)f i oper spor arue ha hi as houl s se r e 2( ( or mpr ve uebe us ofaf um s l ton caus i t t r a co to ofisfz lpu c s n ca e or eec i l e n he e ms nd ndii ns t t e r ha e a re n wi W o l Fu l M o int DimisThr - ryCo lit( 1 ) pp.1- l g e me t t rd e. to o s s idpa t mpan DE- 8, h 2. n s uppor ofism oton,W espor a tc t de a ato ofPa Ta or W e t ts Ge r t t i t t ta hes he clr i n ul yl , s por ' ne al M a ge ofResd lPr tTr di (s-yl De lrton' g 18- 1 TheW espor tr sand na r iua oduc a ng E-a or caai ' DE 1 l ) t tem . c tons a t c t t Ta orD e a a i , pr de: ondii , ta hed o he yl cl r ton ovi G o r ng Law and Jur s c i The l w go r ng t A g e e a t ve ni i di t on: a ve ni he r em nt nd he m a ng t r ofs l bet m a ii lw oft Unied St t and, t t e e ki he e hal he rtme a he t aes o he xt nt noti c lc , heSt t ofCa iom i , e usveofisr eson c c oflw , n onfi t t ae lf a xcl i t ul hoie a e e t ar e e t a i bl 1w i ar e e t t l w t twoul be xc pt hat ef r nce o pplca e a s ef r nce o he a ha d a i a e i t a e e ofa c ce of1 w by t pa te . Exc ptasot r s pplc bl n he bs nc hoi a he r i s e he wi e pr de he en,t Unied St t Diti tCour f t Ce r Dititof ovi d r i he t aes src t or he ntal src Calf ni s lha e l i j idito t e e ti aci r ltont t s ior a hal ve xcusve urs cin o ntran tons eai o hi M I a t ves e ' owne r ol d t rdiput a ii fom t a lge y SC nd he s ls r es ve hei s e rsng ' he le dl r c ami t d f lt oug a s r t s tlm e ;M I i s e ng i m nii ton fom W ord ont na e ue hr h epa a e e te nt SC s e ki nde tcai r l Fuelba e ont epa s d hes yment. S ege e al Co lit( I. s e nrl y mp an DE- J 2 Ag e mentort ma nga e oreme t r ot orbot , and Buyerand Seler re he ki nd nf c nt he e l h l s b tt t ij rs ito f rs c p r os s An oh rc u t h vng u mi o her u idcin o u h u p e . y t e o rs a i j iditonove aveselt whih t mai f l ha be n dei rdwilha urs ci r s o c he rne ues ve e lvee l ve j rs it nt e f reS l rsmaii l n u idci o n o c el ' rtme i . o e e W e t tTe & Condii ns Ex. t Ta orDe l Att tm ei de i r t f el W est spor nns to , A o yl c . he i t lve ed he u , port pr ded ade i r r c i t t OOCL Chi . Ex.B t Ta orDe l 'her epti sgne by ovi lve y e e pt o he na o yl c . r ec i s i d t de i r c he lve y ompany- aci asW e t tsag nt a by t c e e i e oft OOCL tng spor' e nd he hif ng ne r he - Chn I .Th r c i p o d sta t es l çss b e tt t W e t o t toe m , I Ter s ia.d e e ept r vie h t h ae t u j c o he sp r Per lu nc. m i a Co tonsf Bunke Sals' 1 nd ndii or r e . ' d.The sg t e ofaW ord Fue r pr e a i doe no inaur l l e es nttve s t a a on t r e pt ppe r he ec i . l is r s ns t t m oton t di m i s W o l Fue s it d t Deca ai n ofKe n n t e po e o he i o s s , rd l ubm te he lr to vi Wel r W ordFuelsGe rlCouns (t el rDe aai ' ( 30- J Atached t t be, l ' nea el s be clrton' DE 1 t W ) o he . W e be Deca ai n i apur has o de fom W ord Fuelt W e t tPe r e f ma i f l l r lr to s c e r rr l o spor tol um or rne ue f t O OCf Chi . Se Ex.A t W e be Dec .Thepur ha e or rlssW espor a t s lr or he na e o l r l c s de it t t s he ele oft f el W ord Fuela t buye , a t OOCL Chi a t ve s l The ptr has o derdoe he u , l s he r nd he na s he s e . lc e r s no r f x nc W e t tstr sa c tons 1 , t5. t e e e e spor' e m nd ondii . d. a I. l Leg St al andar d A moton t dim isba e on af u s l c i clus i pr pe l br i o s s sd or m e e ton a e s o ry oughtpur ua t s nt o Rul 1 b)3)f i ope ve Se Lf tav Unde iesatLlyd' London,148F. e 2( ( or mpr r nue. e pc? . rwrtr o s 3d , 1 5 1 9 ( 1hCi.9 8 .A c u t yc nsd rmatr o tiet pe dn s i udi 28 , 2 0 1 t r1 9 ) o r ma o i e te s u sd he la ig , ncl ng afd vitsi n ,od tr n wheh rds sa u e Rue 1 ()3 i a p o rae See Wai fia t etmo y t eemie te imis l nd r l 2 b ( ) s p r p it . v. nbow Hol ngs 31 F. Rai di , 5 supp.zd 1 ,1 ( D. a. 4) Bec et si ac s i 261 268 S. Fl 200 . aus hi s a e n a i a t f de all w gove nst e or ea lt oft f um s l c i c a e a i s . Se dm r ly, e r a r he nf c biiy he or e e ton l us t s ue e Car v Cr s Li s v Shu e 499 U . 585, 590( 991. ni al ui e ne . t, S. 1 ) 3 For m s l ton caus ar pr s u eeci l es e e umptvey vald, a t blr n ofpr ngt i i l i nd he zde ovi her unr a ona e s i ahe vy one. Carni Crui L i , I .v Shut,499 U. 585 e s bl ne s s a val se nes nc . e S. , 5 5( 9 ) 9 1 91. Alho t Cour t ke t f t oft c t ugh he t a s he ac s he ompl i a tu , i does s ç nl t t e entt y a e ant s r e t o t y o he xt he r o unc r ve t by defnda ' a tda t.' Esat o onto red e nts fi vis ' t e fMyh av Ro lCa i b a Cr ie, t r . ya rb e n us s L d. , 695F. 1 1 ( 1h Ci.201 (nt na quottonsa cttonsomitd) W here,asher 3d 233, 239 1 t r 2) i er l ai nd iai te e, . t pa tess he ri ubmi c lc i a fda t, t Cour çi i lne t gi g ea e wei t t t onfitng fi vis he t ds nc i d o ve r t r ght o he pli ifsvesonoft j iditonalfcsa t c tu s h f t i t lghtmos f a e antf ri he urs ci a t nd o onsr e uc acs n he i t avorbl t tep an i ' 1 . ( iig Ho I s Co v T o sI d s I . 896F. 1 2,1 ( 1h o h litm ' d; ctn me n . . . h ma n u ., nc, 2d 35 355 1 t Ci.990) r1 . 111. A nal i ys s W e t ta gue t tist r a condii , i l ng t f r s l ton c a e a y spor r s ha t e ms nd tons nc udi he o um e ec i l us ppl , t t s et W ordFue bec us ( )t yar cla l rfrnc di t bunke dei r rc pt o he al o l l a e 1 he e e ry eee e n he r lvey e ei , a ( W espor a W ordFue hade ge i prorta a onswheet tr a nd 2) t t nd l l nga d n i rns di r he e ms nd c ton c e ry a i z W ord Fue r pondst tW e t t ve pr de W ord Fue wih ondii l a l ppled. l l es ha spor ne r ovi d l l t m itn notc ac e i isofe t pur has bunke f el a r quie f t msa c tonst te ie c ptng t fr o c e r u , s e r d or er nd ondii o a y.W ordFuela s a gu t ti di no ha a notc oft t r a c to and ppl l lo r es ha t d t ve ny i e he e ms nd ondii ns , t r or nom e ni f lo he ef e a ng u pporuniyt r vi w o a e t ist r s untli r eved ac oft t t o e e r gr e o t e m i t ec i opy he , delve y r c pt i r e ei . I an a r t c e af um s l ton c a ema be o r om eonl by ac e rs n dmialy as , or eeci l us y ve c y l a howi ng t tt c a e i unr as bl unde t c r tmsanc . ha he l us s e ona e r he icz t es M/ Br me v Za t O fsh r Co , S e n . paa f - o e . W e p r' Ta o De lr to ( 1 -)d e n t o iea ys e iisa o t h s s o ts ylr ca ai n DE 8 1 o s o pr vd n p cfc b u t e e a l ed pr ort a ac i ns leg i r ns t o . 4 407U. 1 1 ( ) A f u s lci ca ema bede medunras ewhe S. , 0 1972 . or m ee ton lus y e e onabl n :ç 1 is ç )t ( f mai wasi e byfa orover c ng;( t pl ntf woul bede i dofisday i or ton nduc d rud rea hi 2) he ai if d prve t n c u t e a s o ic n e e c o t ar s ; 3 tec o e lw wo l d prv t ep an if fa o r b c u e f n o v nin e r mfine s () h h s n a ud e ie h litf o rme y; r( )e o c me to teca ewo l c nrve ep bl poiy' Krenkelv.Ker ner e d o 4 nfr e n f h lus u d o ta n u i l ' c c z . I e n. esLt ,579 F.3 1 9 1 1( 1hCi. 0 )(ne n lctto so te ) nt r Hot l d. d 27 , 28 1 t r 20 9 itr a iai n mitd . I dee m i ng whehe t r wasfa oro re hi wih r s c t anon- neg it d n tr ni t r he e r ud ve r ac ng t e pe t o ota e f u s l c i caus lket o i W e t tst r a c tons t Cour m us c i r or m e e ton l e i he ne n spor' e ms nd ondii he t t ons de , S t rt c a ewa r s bl co muni t t t c umer t he he l us s ea ona y m whe caed o he ons . ' fie v Gi La We tEn4 ' ls . nns Lt ,631F. 1 1 ( 1h Ci.2011 .TheElve h Cic ta i a t partt tof d. 3d 242, 246 1 t r ) e nt r ui pples wo es - t ea o e co m t i tve s ,' whi h ç a i o a ountt cl us sphys c c r c ers i G s nabl m m ca i ne s ' c ç kes nt cc r t he a e' i al ha a t i tcs a whe he t pli if ha t a lt t be om emea ngf ly i onne oft cl nd t r he a ntfs d he biiy o c ni ul nf d he a us a t e nd o rj c istnns' I ;s ealoMar oForwar ng Co v.Contnent Cas.Co. 430 F supp. ee t t e . d. e s ' c di i al , zd . . 1 9 1 4 ( . Fl. 0 5 (t u' h ved v lp dat - a te t t ki i o accountbot 28 , 29 SD. a 2 0 ) d ls a e eo e wo p r ts a ng nt co t h ... t physca c a t rsi soft co r c is t a as a e rnsc f cor i c i t he i l har c e itc he nta t tell nd lo ny xti i a t s ndiatng he plitf sa ii t b c meme nng ul if nn da dt rjc tec nr cu l e sa sa e' an if blt o e o y a i f ly n o e n o ee th o ta t a tnn t tk ' ) . (ntma q ttonsa cttonsomit ) i e l uoai nd iai ted . As t t tr tpa toft t s , t e i no i ca i n t tt physca c r c e i tcsof o he i s r he e t her s ndi to ha he i l ha a t r s i t f u s e ton clus we e i ufi intt r a ona y co muni ae ist he or m elc i a e r ns fce o e s bl m ct t e r t W o l Fuel ms o rd . The cl us i s ta r i a s pa a e pa a a , a c ai s t c e l c e r l ngua t a er a e s e pa t n e r t r gr ph nd ont ns ufi i nty l a a ge o l t t buye oft a i bl f u r s rc i . See,e. ,Sun TrustBank v. Sun I er i he r he pplca e or m e t i tons g. nt natonal Hot l ,Lt ,1 F. Supp. 1 e s d. 84 2d 246,1 ( D. a 2001 ( di f u s l tonca e 260 S. Fl. ) hol ng or m eeci lus r a ona y c e s bl ommunia i whe e f u s e ton clus wasd e a r asa s pa aepa a a c tve r or m elc i a e t t pa t s e r t r gr ph, 5 i lgb etpe' n wa wrte i d u fce t ce r'a g a e Thus,t Courtwilf uson n e il y 'a d s itn n ç fiinl la 'ln u g ) s y he l oc . whe he t t r a c tonswe er s bl communi t t W ord Fue . t r he e ms nd ondii r ea ona y caed o l l Viwi t pla ngs a/ da t , nd t at c e bisi t lghtmos f vo abl t e ng he e di , vis a he ta hed xhi t n he i ta r e o W o l Fuel t Co tfndst W espo tst r sa c tonswe enotr a ona y rd , he ur i hat t r ' e m nd ondii r e s bl c ommunia e t W o l Fue i c c t d o rd l n onne ton wih t s eoft ma i f e . Alhough t ci t he al he rne u l t he de l ai n ofW espor' ge r ma ersa e t tt dei r r c ptpr de t t OOCL car to t ts ne al nag t t s ha he lve y e ei ovi d o he Chi wa C e i a1 ofisf lc r c s't ei no e de t tW ordFuelha a na s t d n 1 t ue onta t y 'her s vi nce ha us l d n o runiy t r viw t dei r r c pti c me i wih t s eoff elt t OOC; Chi ppo t t o e e he lve y e ei n ol cton t he al u o he na. Notbl t dei r r c i doesnoti l W ord Fuelssgnaur nori t ea i c ton a y, he lve y e e pt nc ude l ' i t e s her ny ndi a i , , et o t r eptis fort a fda t , t tW ord Fue r c vedt delver r ept i t iher n he ec i tel he fi vis ha l l e ei he i y ec i s n he r gu a c s ofis prort a a tons wih W espor .3 e l r our e t i r ns c i t t t W hiePa Ta or sDe l r ton sa e t tW espor E s d bunke st W ord Fuelon l ul yl ' c a a i t t s ha t t s ol had r o l n meo so c so sa d ( e t r'lTemsa dCo dto a plid b t i o tr '5 t i u r u c a in n W spo ts r n n iins p l j y her wn ems' hs e 4 3 W espo tsr la e o One Be on I .Co.v Cr e M ar ne Se t r ' e i nc n ac ns . owly i nw , 6 F. 258 48 3d ( h Ci. 1,i miplce Tha c ei veda agr mentt com plt shi r paisbet en 5t r201 ) s s a d. t as nvol n ee o e e p e r we a s p ow ne a a ve s r pai c pa . 1 a 261 Aspa toft ta a i n t s p o r r nd s el e r om ny d. t . r he r ns cto , he hi wne i hi sue arpai s r ceor r(C ' die tyt t rparcompa . TheR SO notd t tt s d e r evi de 1 RSO' rcl o he e i ) ny e ha he o de wasis d i a c danc wih t s p owne ' t r a c tonsa ia eby a c sng r r sue n c or e t he hi r s e ms nd ondii va lbl c es i t s p owne ' we iea es , whi h wa pr vi ont RSO is f 1 a 263.Unlket he hi r s bst ddr s c s o ded he tel. d. t i he ca e a ba , hepa te i OneBe on di no diput t tt r pa rc s t rt ris n ac d t s e ha he e i ompa y r c ve a n e ei d nd r vi d t RSO aspa tofista aci wih t s p owne . I a t o i w a t di pu ed e ewe he r t r ns ton t he hi r n ddii n, t s m s t t tt s p own ha pr ded t r i compa wih RSOsr e e ngt ha he hi er d ovi he epar ny t ef r nci h et r a e ms nd co tonsi ea h ofisp i tans tons M or over t Fi Cic tafime t ditit ndii n c t ror r ac i . e , he ûh r ui fr d he src c tshol ng t tt r pa rco pa ha r tfed t pa te 'c s ofde i i udi t our ' di ha he e i m ny d a ii he r i s our e alng ncl ng he , tr sa co to r e e ed i t RSO , by s itng a i ce a rt r pa rw or was e m nd ndii ns ef r nc n he ubm ti n nvoi Re he e i k c mpee wi o to j cigt t etn .He e te ei n i iaint a W o l Fu l o ka y o ltd t u be tn o h e us r ,h r s o ndc to h t rd e t o n h afimai a tt r tf W e t tst r . fr tve c o a iy spor ' e ms D 4 W e t r ' saeme i isr pl breft tW o l Fue t d s ent s m ef m spo ts t t nt n t e y i ha rd l E e he n or ha elver Re i e prsl a yi g e t ts Temsa Condii onma pror i y cept x e sy ppl ng ' spor') r nd W tons ny i oc a i 'fndsno s ppor i t afi visand e bis c sons' i u t n he fda t xhi t . 6 s a e enta one doesnote t bls t tW ord Fue was d e ngf l i or e ' t f r tt m l s a ih ha l l t ani uly nf m d' of he o um m s lcinca s s hta i h da o po tnt t rj c istr .fi s 631F.da 1 4 .Ih ee to lu e uc h tt a n p ru iy o ee t t e ms l , e 3 t 2 6 'e pur ha e or rm em o i i ng W ord Fue ' ag ee e t buy m a i oi a de i ri t t c s de r alzi l l s r m nt o r ne l nd lve t o he OO Cf Chi doesnotr f r nce t t r sa c tons a W e t tdoe notaleg t ti na eee he e m nd ondii , nd s por s l e ha t c m uni t t e t r s or ly t W ord Fuela pa toft s l t O OCf Chi ,ori om ca ed hes e m al o l s r he a e o na n c onne ton wih a pr vi s ebewe n t pa tes l s t t r cor i de d ofa y ci t ny e ous al t e he ri . n hor, he e d s voi n e ie c e tbihngt t o l F e r c i ds fce t o iet rviw a drj c W e to ts vd n e sa l i ha W rd u l e eve ufiin n tc o e e n ee t sp r' s f u slci ca e Se Mar oFor di 430F. zda 1 ( di t taf u or m ee ton lus . e c war ng, supp. t 295 hol ng ha or m s e ton cl us w a e or ea e i pa t c us i a 1ofispr orde i s w ih t de enda ,i el c i a e s nf c bl n r be a e, n 1 t i alng t he f nt t wasundi put d t tt pl i ifha r c i d a c oft ce ttc t ofi ur nc con a ni t s e ha he a ntf d e e ve opy he rii a e ns a e t i ng he f u s e tonclus) Theeor,W espor' f u s l tonca ei note orea ea t is orm elci a e . rf e t ts or m eeci lus s nf c bl s o t m a i f ls l c r c w ih W ord Fue . r ne ue a e ont a t t l l I . V C onc us on l i Fo t f e ng r s , ti r he or goi ea ons i s ORD ERED t tThid- r y D e e ha r pa t f ndan ' W espor Pe r e , nc.sM oton t D i m i s ts t t tol um I ' i o s s Thid- ryCompli ( 1 i DENI r pa t ant DE- 8) s ED. oo xsaxooposu o i a , lr ati zs dyo ln a c l. nvimiyoi hs d a r au . o a PA TRI A A . E1 CI UN I TED STATES D I I J D GE STR CT U 7