International Brotherhood of Teamsters, v. Amerijet International, Inc., No. 0:2012cv60654 - Document 28 (S.D. Fla. 2012)

Court Description: ORDER granting 10 Motion to Dismiss for Lack of Jurisdiction. Signed by Chief Judge Federico A. Moreno on 10/17/2012. (tkn)
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International Brotherhood of Teamsters, v. Amerijet International, Inc. Doc. 28 UN I TED STATES DI STRI COURT FOR THE CT SOU TH ERN DI STRI O F FLORI CT DA M i miDi son a vii C as Num be 1 60654- I - O REN O e r: 2C V M W TERN A TI A L BRO TH ERH O O D ON TEA M STERS, OF Pl i if a ntf , A M ER I ET I TERN A TI A L,I C . J N ON N , Def nda . e nt O RDERGM - TI G M D TI TO- SM I N NON DI SS THI CAUS c meb f r teCo r u o Dee d n Ame i t n en to a,n . M oin S E a e oe h u t p n fn a t rj I tr ain ll c' t e s o t DimisPurua t Rul 1 b)1 and( or i t Ale tve,orSummayJ o s s s nt o e 2( () 6) ,n he tmai f r udgme ( E. nt D. No.10) fl onM av24. 2.Pli ifltmai Br hehoodofTe mses($BT')fl a ,ied 201 antf ne tonal ot r a tr : ' ied I c pli tt co pe a bir ton a e or e a bir ton a r wih t sCour on Aprl1 201 om a n o m l r tai nd nf c r tai wa ds t hi t i 2, 2. The compl ntc ai sx c s r quesi r i on a va i t of diput s a i i outoft ai ont ns i ount e tng elef rey s e rsng he g iv n ep o e l e o t epa t s c le tv bag i nga re n s Ameie t e fldamoin re a c r c dz s f h ri ' olcie r ani g e me t. r th n i r e j e to t d s s tec mplitag i ta t eCo r lc e u idcino e t ecamsa dt t h I o imis h o an , r ung h t h u ta k dj rs ito v r h li n ha t e BT h dfie t saeacam .Alen tv l, rjta k dteCo r t g a ts mmayj d me tn a ald o tt li tr aiey Ame i s e h u to rn u r u g n i e isfvo .F r h f lo n ra o s teCo r g a t Ameie' moint d s s .Co n s ,1a d t a r o t e o lwi g e s n ,h u t rn s r ts to o imis u t 1l, n j l1ofheI Sc antaedimis f l kof urs ci Count I V,a Vlaedimis d l t BT' ompli r s sed orac j iditon. s V, nd r s se wih la f rt 1 t fl a ame t e ve o he BT o ie n nded c ompl i no lt rt n Novem be 6.2012. ant a e ha r 1 FA CTU AL BA C K G R O U ND . TheI i alboruni c rii df puros oft Ral yLa Ac (t 'ast BT s a on e tte or p es he iwa bor t 6RLA' he ) Dockets.Justia.com e cusv rp e e aieo Ame i tspi t a d tih e ie r .Ame i ttefi ac r oa d x l ie e r snttv f rj ' l s n lg t ngn e s e o rj is l s ag n e c mmo arc n e s b e t oteRLA.Thep rise tr dit spaaec le t eb r anig o n i a i r u jc t h a t nee n o e rt o lci ag i n e v a r e e s c rng piot a t i e i e s r s c i y, c r tf e on O c ober 1 2009. g e m nt ove i l s nd l ght ng ne r e pe tvel ea h a ii d t , Th e a e m e sc a n greva e pr dur f t r ol i ofdi put a i i es gr e nt ont i i nc oce es or he es uton s es r s ng u rt tnusoft a ee nt.A greva ei frtprs nt t t Chi PiotofAmerj nde he e he gr me s i nc s is e e ed o he ef l iet wih a opton t a alt t D ie orofOpe a i and t n t t V i Pr s de ofH u a t n i o ppe o he r ct r tons he o he ce e i nt m n Re ou ce .l t e ntt tagreva er m ansunr ol ed,t gre ncec n b t n be or a s r s n he ve ha i nc e i es v he i va a e ake f e S se Bo r of j t n .A s p rt Bo r e it f rplt a dfiht n i e r.I t e y tm a d Adusme t e aae ad xss o i s n lg e g n es f h o Boa d c nnotr ol t g ivan ,i be om e d dl ke a t I ha t opto t r ques r a es ve he re ce t c s ea oc d nd he BT s he i n o e t a bir ton oft di put wihi t ry da . r ta i he s e t n hi t ys A s e tng sx c ai s a i i outoft e greva e pr e e ,t I fl d a co pl n s ri i l m r sng hes i nc oc dur s he BT ie m ai t t c pe a bir ton and e or e ar ta i a a dson Aprl 1 201 Countlc o om l r ta i nf c bir ton w r i 2, 2. once nsa r n mb r fg iv n e t th 1 a s re a an t r e i e ry2 0rlt gt alg d u e o re a c s ha te BT se td g is Ame i t n a l 01 eai o le e j n vi ai nsoft ba gani a e m e s Adva i t greva est oug t diput ol to he r i ng gr e nt. ncng he i nc hr h he s e r s uton pr e es t Syse Boa dsde dl ke on ni oft gre nce i M a c 2011. e ol i oc dur ,he tm r a oc d ne he iva s n z h OnAp i 6 teI SSy tm Bo r srp e e ttv Da i Re s a s n a e i t Ameie ' rl ,h BT' se ad e r sn ai e vd n h w e t n mal o r ts j Sys e Boa ds r pr s nt i D e r H uf ,Chi PiotEd Cook,a V i e Pr s de ofH um a tm r e e e atve ry f ef l nd c e i nt n Re o c l i Sur a. l t e a l Re ha ls e t i vi lg i va s a w r t s ur es s s i n he m i, ns w i t d he ndi dua r e nce nd o e çde dl d pr e t a bir ton'ne t t ni g i nce o rwhih t Boa dsc d i a ocke - oc ed o r tai ' xt o he ne reva s ve c he r oul notr a h a r ol i O n t s e da I r pr en a i D a s G o l z r ponded t e c es uton. he am y, BT e es t tve i y nza e es o Re ha Huf,Cook,a Su i wiha e i aki Sssg il W he ca wee tt ns w, f nd ra t n mal s ngsl i sura : n n xpec he l flngf a bir ton on t dea oc d c es 'The l m ant i t t s e a l s r edas ii or r ta i he dl ke as ?' BT i ans hat he e m is e v notc o isi e i t a ncet dea oc g i vanc st a bir ton. ie f t ntnton o dva he dl ked re e o r ta i W ihn rs o s fo Ame i t teI Srp e e ttv sf l du i a e i t t o e p n e rm r e,h BT' e r sn ai e ol j owe p n n malo S rao J n 2t if r Ame i to isp sto rg r i gt ee isa dt noeAmeie' ui n u e o nom rj f t o iin e ad n h mal n o t e r ts j f i l t a v n et eg iv n e t abtai .S rars o d di kido J n 7,ee tn te alr o d a c h re a c s o r i ton u i e p n e n n n u e rj cig h te r c ne to ta tee issr e a p o e n tc .Asars l, r e ag dta i wa n t o tn in h t h mal e v d s r p r oie e utAmei t r ue h t t s o j o i t dt i ta ea bir ton asi ha notr eve pr rnotc wihi t t rp da pe i blga e o niit r ta i t d ec i d ope ie t n he hit y rod. l is c pl i , he 1 a guest tRens w ' Apr l6 e a ls r d ass fci ntnotc n t om a nt t BT r ha ha s i m i e ve uf i e ie ofisi entt pur uea bir ton.I s ppor,i ct sa i tnc i Se e be 20l whe t nt o s r ta i n u t t ie n nsa e n pt m r 0 n Amei t l g dl te tdasmi r mal r m Re s a a n tc o teI Sd sr f r r e al e y rae i l e ifo j e a n h w s o ie f h BT' e ie o a bir ton.Addii ly,t l contndst Go l z' r pl t Re ha ' emai c a ii r tai tona l he BT e hat nza e s e y o ns w s l l rfed a ya i ut ta ma h v e itd AsAmeie h ds f ce t o ieof h i tn t ab tae n mb g i h t y a e x se . y r t a u t in n tc t e ne t o r irt j i wi i tit d y o teBo r s d cso s te1 r q et ta teCou t o l rjtt t n hry a s f h a d ' e iin ,h BT e u ss h t h h r c mpe Ameie o pr ee t a bir ton. oc d o r ta i Co n s1 a dl1p rant g iv n e bou h b t eu ino b h l of r e u t 1 n 1 e ti o re a c s r g t y h no n e af Amei t j e ly e rg r i Ame i tsh bi Po t fS i Trnd d S e i al,h 1 c aln e mpo e s e adng r e ' u n r o pan, iia . p cfc ly te BT h le g s j Ame i tsca sfc t n o P r o S anu d rtetnnso t c le tv b r anig r e ' lsiiai f o t f p i n e h e j o f he o lcie ag i n a ee e s I bot ag e m ent ,s ton 1 D sat t : gr m nt . n h r e s ec i . t es hat 1.Te ayf egnbas ma beope dbyt Compa upont ry( da mporr ori es y ne he ny hit 30) ys wrte notc t t Uni Thefli ofva nc e a t mpor r f ei ba e itn i e o he on. ilng ca i s t e a y or gn s s wilbe d i a or nc wih Se ton 1 oft sAgr e e . l one n cc da e t c i 6 hi e m nt 2.Pema ntf ei ba e ,a de i tdbyt c r ne or gn s s s sgnae he ompa gij ma beope ny sc , y ned by t Co pa a any tm e,wihoutnotc a s l no be cove e by t s pe he m ny t i t i e, nd ha l t rd he co oft sA g ee e . hi r m nt Com pl t Co pe Ar t a i Ex.1 a 7,i Ex. a 7. . o m l bir ton , t ' d. 2, t - 3- Co n 1 c n eso g iv n e b o g ta an tAmeie i M ac 2 0c aln igis u t 1 e tr n re a c s r u h g is r t n rh 01 h le gn t j pr vi c t gorzai n ofPor ofSpan a aS e e ous a e i to t i s t mpor r domi ie b e' t ay cl / as 'unde t ba g ni r he r ai ng a e nt .Afe t Syse Boa dsde dl ke on t gre gr eme s tr he tm r a oc d he ivanc si Nove be 201 t l e n m r 0, he BT a nce t m t a bir ton w ih a ar t a i da e s tf A ugus 2011 Si ia l Countl 1 dva d he o r ta i t n bir ton t e or t . m l ry, 1 iv le tea v nc me t fag iv n efldb Rih r Gaca af r rAme i te l y e n ov s h d a e n o re a c i y c ad ri, o me e r e mp o e , j c l ng ng hi s pa a i f om e pl e ba ed on e nt t tt a pie i Por of Spa n. I hale i s e r ton r m oym nt s ve s ha r ns r d n t i n M a c 201l t pa te c rh , he ri s onve d a t Syse Boa d a ag ee t m ovet gre ne t he tm r nd r d o he ivanc t eo abtain.Ye, nAp i 2 , 1 Ame ie s n n tc t te1 id c tn ta in r i to r to rl 7 201 , r t e t o ie o h BT n iai g h t t ow j c i r d Por ofSpan t beal onsde e t i o i penua ntf e g bas ' nd t e or ou sdet s opeoft ne or i n e'a her f e t i he c he b r an n a r e n s Th I camsta Ame i th n u i tr l c nc le t ab tain ag ii g ge me t. e BT li h t rj te nl eal a eld he r irto s e a y o ti b ss I n w se st c mp l r e t p riiaei tes h d ldabtains n hs a i. t o e k o o e Amei t o a t p t n h c e ue r i t . j c r o l Cou s1 V, nd V1 t 1 s ksenf ce n nt V, a , he BT ee or mentofs pa aear taton a r t ti e r t bir i wa ds ha t camsAmeie ha fi dt h n r npa t ua , u tI a de s saNo e e 2 0 li r t s al o o o .l ri lr Co n V d r se j e c v mb r 01 a bir ton a r r s vi a diput ove m i m um pa gua a e f piot andfi r ta i wa d e ol ng s e r ni y r nt es or l s lght e i e sf rt r trdut pe i ofSe e be 7,2009 t Oc obe 4,2009.Thi pe i o ng ne r o he ose y rod ptm r o t r s rod f tmeicu e teu in' srkea ans Ameie ta rs le i t er t iaino t b r anng i n ld d h n o s ti g i t r th t e utd n h ai c to f he ag ii j f a r e n so Oco e 1 2 0 .Dep t t ab tao ' h l igta Ameie mu t a al ios g e me t n t b r , 0 9 s ie he r irtrs o dn h t r t s p y l pl t j who he d bi ng prvie durng t pe i pu s ntt t pa te a e m e s t I l ddi i l ges i he r od r ua o he ri s' gr e nt , he BT alg st a Ame i th sy t opa a yo t eiil e l y e . le e h t r e a e t y n f he lgb e mp o e s j Ne t Co n V c n en a Ap i 2 1abtain a r r q ii gAmeie t c ni u x , u t o c r s n rl 01 r i to wa d e urn r r t o o tn e j isprorpr ed e ofa sng fi e ne r i a t i oc ur dvii lght ngi e s n dvanc ofar a i f pl d ç o G' e ot ton or anne k zer ' fiht.The1 aleg t tAmeiethasfie t pr det a cenotc oral fi lg s BT l es ha rj ald o ovi he dvan ie low lght - 4- e nee st bi on t ti sa or ng t s ni iy i co r ve i oft awa d. ngi r o d he lght cc di o e ort n nta nton he z La t CountV1de l wih aNove r20l1a bir ton awa dr ga di t posi of s, as t mbe r ta i r e r ng he tng c mpo e te so fiht i Ameie' s h due .l hi o no t eabi ao h l t a o n n lg f lg s n r ts c e ls n s piin,h r t t r ed h t j r Ameie wa rs o sbefrl t t ec mpo e t e sa terd rto si isshe ue r t s e p n il o i i h o n n lg nd h i u ain n t c d ls j s ng wh r i wa a l t d s De pt tea r ,h l a g e t t rj t a f i dt p s ee t s be o o o. s ie h wa d te BT r u s ha Ame i h s al o o t e e t si onua i i iss dul an t r or s ksenf c m e oft a bir t ' decson. hi nf ton n t che es d he ef e ee or e nt he r ta ors ii I .D I l SCU SSI N O A. Count1 l ismoin t ds s, r e c ne dsi t l ta t Co r lc s be t t r n t t o imis Amei t o tn nial h the u t a ks u jc mat o j iy e j rs ito o e Co n 1u d rteR1 a dmo e t d s s u d rFe e a Rul o Ci i u idcin v r u t n e h , n v s o imis n e d rl e f vl A P o e u e1 ( )1.I a s rsta tedip t o e t mame i whc t e1 atmpe t r c d r 2 b ( ) t se t h t h s u e v r he r r n ih h BT t td o e a nce t gr e nc t a bir to cons iu e a l i di put ' nv vi t i e r t to dva he i va es o r t a i n tt t s t nor s e' i ol ng he nt m e a i n m a a i a i oft c l c i ba g ni ag ee e s M or ve ,i i i t t ti i a gua y nd pplc ton he ole tve r ai ng r m nt . eo r t ns s s ha t s r bl j siidi man anigta tee isddn t e v a noierq ii it iiit ab tain u tfe n iti n h t h mal i o s r e s tc e urng t o n t e r irto a unde t t m soft a ee e s r he er he gr m nt . Dipue u d rt RLA a edv d dg n r l it t c tg re : j rds tsa d s ts n e he r ii e e eal n o wo ae o is mao ipue n y mio ds ue .Bh o an. f IWPEmps v CS T a s , n . 1 3F. p' 1 5 1 8( 1h n r ip ts d fM ito ' . I . . X r np.l c, 4 Ap x 5 , 5 1 t Ci. 0 5 .l d si g ihn mi rds tsfo mao d s u e ,h S p e Co r h ssae r 2 0 ) n itn us ig no ipue r m j r ip ts t e u rme u t a ttd t tmi diput a et et owi outofgre nce oroutoft i e pr tton or ha nor s es r hos d gr ng i va s he ntr ea i a i ton ofa r m e s c e i r t ofpa r l , w or ng c pplca i g ee nt onc m ng a es y, u es or ki ondii . Con ol Rai tons' ' s . l Cor v #y.fabo Exe .As ' t p ll) 491U. 299,303( 989) l d,mi dipues p. . r c sn ctnr ', J S. 1 . ndee nor s t ' e at qt e se eofac lci agee ntar dyc ude or ata rt a Yontmpl el he xitnc ole tve r me lea oncl d , ny aes - 5- st ton i whih no e f ti madet brngaboutaf m a c iua i n c for s o i or l hangei t r sort c e t ane n em o rae w one' El n, it& E. Co.v. ly 325U. 711 723( 945) Thus i deemi ng .' gi Jole Ry. Bure S. , 1 . ,n tr ni wh t e ap riu a ds uei amao o mi rds u eu d rt eRLA, c u t t o i e eh r a t lr ip t s j r r no ip t n e h c a o r mus c nsd r wh t e tec ne tda to i tag a yj si e 'b t ep ris a re n b f r t emio eh r h o t se cin s s r u bl u tt d y h a t ' g e me t eo e h n r d i e dipuer l c na y. CSX T ans ,l . 1 F.App' a 1 ( tngCo ai,491U. a s t ue a ppl ' ' r p. nc, 43 x t 60 cii nr l S. t 3 7 .Th tr s odf rç ag a ii i lw'a d i ke s n bl d u te it a t wh t e te 0 ) e h e h l o s r u blt s o ' n f ç a o a e o b x ss s o eh r h s y' r ds uei mao o mi o , ac u twil e m i t b mio . 1 t Bh .o ka tr v Ame l t ip t s j r r n r ( o r) ld e t o e n r' n 1 d fl mses . r e ' j 1 ' I . 755F.Supp. 1 1 ntl nc, , 2d 243, 249-5 ( D.Fl.201 ( i CS Tr p.I . 1 F. 0 S. a 0) quotng X ans , nc, 43 App' a 1 . x t 60) Sg iia ty teRLA p o ie d x l sv j rs ito t b adso a j sme t in fc n l,h r vd s û cu i e u id cin o o r f du t n e e t bls u rt A c o m i diput s ' 1 a 1 s a i hed nde he t ver nor s e .' d. t 250. Si e m i di put s i us be nc nor s e s t m r s ve onl t e ol d y l uough t RLA m e hanim s i l ng t ca re ' i e naldi put r s uto he c s , nc udi he r i r s nt r s e- e ol i n p o e s sa da a j sme t o r e tbih db t ee o e a dteu in , f d rlc u t r c se n n du t n b ad sa ls e y h mply r n h no s' e ea o rs ' lc s be tmatr u idcino e s c dip ts eHa Ailn s I c v No rs 5 2U. a k u jc te j rs ito v r u h s u e .Se w. rie , n . . ri, 1 S. 246, 3( 994) Acc di y,e a co t i ge r ha de lne t r gult t ma ra 25 1 . or ngl fderl urs n neal ve ci d o e ae he nne nd tmi go abi aino c t e h v d tr n dt t h yh v n jlidcino e amio i n f r t to n e h y a e eemie ha t e a e o t s ito v r n r r r diput Se ,eg.Ai Li Emps As ',1 1v Re i Ailne,I .798F. 967,968( h s e. e . , r ne . sn nt . publc ri s nc, 2d 7t Ci.1 ) Ai Li Piot As ',1 'v.Champi Ai,I .No.06- ( J SRN) 2007 r 986 . r ne l s sn nt1 , on r nc, 2467 M D/ , U. DitLEXI 31 6 , t# l( Mi n Ap . , 0 ) Prf'Fl h Ate d nsAs ' v Nw. S. s. S 0 7 a 1 D. n . r 27 2 07 ; o l i t tn a t sn . g Ailne Cor , 05- 446( SIN)2005U. Dit LEXI 45785, t* n. ( M i ri s p.No. 1 DSD/ t , S. s. S a 7 2 D. nn. Aug.5, 2005) Fo i tnc t DititofM imes ai Champi Ai de i dt g a a . r nsa e,he src l ot n on r clne o r nt t on' r uetf a ij tonrquii a ari t s e tc r n f aSyse Boada mi s eq s or n n unci e rng n ilne o elc haime or tm r nd - 6- t s h d l ah a igo c i h dd tnnie ta teu eligg iv n e wees b e t o o c e u e e rn n e t a ee n d h t h nd ryn re a c s r u j c t a bir to See Champi A i,l . 2007 U . Di t LEX I 31 r t a i n. on r nc , S. s . S 067,at#11. The c t t d t our no e he p e e e te tbl hn ta c u t k on th v j rs ito t o d re p dtdabtain rc d n sa i ig h t o rs l o a e u idcin o r e x e i r irto s d e b c us ,f h u d ryngds u ei mio a ds be tt ma d t r abi ain,h c u t lc e a e i t e n eli ip t s n r n u jc o n aoy r t to t e o rs a k r j rs ito t tk a yf rh ra to . 1 . t*1 .F rt sr a o ,h c u t o cu e t a id d u idcin o a e n ' te cin' d a 0 o hi e s n te o r c n ld d h t t i u ' no ha t a hort t r gul t t m a m e i w hi h t pa tesc r e outt ar ta i t ve he ut iy o e a e he r r n c he r i ar i d he bir ton pr dur s u rt i c l c i ba g ni a ee e . Se i a *9 1 oce e nde he r ole tve r ai ng gr m nt e d. t -1 . l tep e e tc s , rjtp it t s ci n2 . 2o t b r ann a r e n st a n h r s n a e Ame i on s o e to 5D. f he ag iig ge me t h t e sae dl at membe ( tmlBoadi una et a e upo atndi orade son,i s l tts:if wor Syse r s bl o gre n i ng cii t hal f t t pr vi wrte c muni ai t t Compa a t Uni I s e nt t orhwih o de it n om c ton o he ny nd he on. n uch ve , he Uno ma a pe l h g iva c t Ar irto wi i t it ( 0 c lnd rd y f lwig in y p a t e re n e o btain t n hry 3 ) ae a a s ol n h o notfca i oft de dl k. Com pl t Com pe A r t a i n Ex.1 a 63,i Ex. a 63. ii ton he a oc ' ' .o l bir to , t .d 2, t Bec us t i ta e a lw a s ntby R e haw , Sys e Boa dsr pr s nt tve r t rt n by a e he nii l m i s e ns a tm r e e e a i , a he ha teI i efAme i tc n e d t a t ee i d e n t o ywihs cin25D.' h BT t l, r e o tn s h t h mal o s o c mpl t e to . 2s s j rq ie n ta t eu ina p a teg iv n e nf c, rjtctsp s i tn e wh r t e u rme t h t h n o p e lh re a c .l a tAmeie ie a tnsa c s ee he I a h rdt s ci n2 . . b s p rtl n tfi Amei to isabtain a p a.l BT d ee o e to 51 2 y e aaey oiyng 7 r e f t r i to p e l n j r a dto , r e camst a Go z lzsr s ns e i fie t c n t uen tc a Ameie' d iin Amei t li h t n ae ' epo e mal ald o o si t oie s r ts j t j Sys e Boar r pr en a i s tm ds e es t tve oughtcl r fc ton oft c r s a ii a i he or e ponde e butr ce ved no nc e i r s ns l a ng i w ih t i pr s i n t tt I di no i e t a a t gr e nce . e po e, e vi t t he m e s o ha he BT d t nt nd o ppe l he i va s Ast i is ef n n nal c n ensa itprtto o s cin2 1., r e a g e hs s u u d me tly o c r n ne eain f e to 5. 2 Amei t r u s 7 j t tt si aS nordiput'ove whiht Cour ha noj iditonunde t RLA.l ha hi s k mi s e' r c he t s urs ci r he n Amei tso i in a yo d rc mp ligabtainwo l i e fc c nsi t a i e s il r e ' p no , n r e o eln r irto u d n fe t o tt e n mp nuisbe j u a fr ton oft me isoft I Scai t ti s tc e l a a e t g iva spuruan fima i he rt he BT' l m ha t ufi i nty ppe l d he re nce s t t teb rann a re n s nsq e ty Ameie ag st a t eis emu tb r s l d o h a g iig ge me t.Co e u n l, r t rue h t h su s e e ove j a w t ough t a ee e s gr e nc pr e esr t rt n t ough a a a t a f der l ne hr he gr m nt ' i va e oc dur a he ha hr n ppe l o e a cour. t l r s ns t I c n e po e, he BT once s t tt diput ove is a t m ptt adva e t gre nc de ha he s e r t te o nc he i va es i a C nordiput ' s t mi s e'unde t RLA. Howe r t l fr l m ant nst ti i notr quesi r he ve , he BT im y i ai ha t s e tng t Cour t r c t m e is ofisc a m t ti pr r y a nc t g i nce t a bir ton. he t o ea h he rt t l i ha t ope l dva ed he reva s o r t a i Rah r teI sae ta i i rq e tn t eCo r t meeyc mp l rjtt p o e d t e,h BT tts h t t s e u si g h u to r l o e Ameie o r c e die ty t t a bir ton s a oft gre nc pr edur sw her t a bir t ca r s ve an r c l o he r t a i t ge he i va e oc e e he r t a or n e ol y p o e u a o j cinsAmeie mih rierg r igtee i .I efc,h l s e st r c d r l be to rjt g t as e a dn h mal n fe t te BT e k o s a d t i fi e y ofha ng t r s a t he gre nc pr dur s e ie y a w t de voi he ne tci nc vi o e t r t i va e oce e ntr l ne o al s pa at l w ih t s pr e ali s . e r e y t hi oc dur s ue I s n uppor , he I poi st t Supr m e Cour ' de s on i John W ie & Son ,l v t t BT nt o he e ts ci i n ly s nc. . fi n t 376U. 543( 964) wher t Co thedt tar taor rt t ncourss d vigson, S. 1 , e he ur l ha bir t s aher ha t houl d cd S r c d rl q sin ta S r w o to 's b tn ied s u e s b e tt abi ainu d r e ie ç o e u a' ueto s h t é o u f' u sa tv ip ts u j c o r t to n e p ' g r t N a i lLa Re atonsA c . l a 557-58. N o i t tt sprnci e ha bee a i d he tona bor l i t d t tng ha hi i pl s n pple e u l t t RLA c n e ts eI d p. s' o n 1Piosv Co t Ailn s 1 5F.d6 5 q al o he y o tx , e n e As n fco t l t . n 1 rie , 5 3 8 , 695n. ( Ci.1 ,t I ase t t ta abirt mus alode det pr e alis 8 3d r 998) he BT srs ha n r taor t s ci he oc dur s ue pr s nthe e. How e r cii t John Wie Co tsconc r ove t opporunii s f de a ee r ve , tng he ly ur ' e n r he t te or l y i r n i s pa a i pr edu a a s t ntve i s ,s eJohn W ie ( Son ,I ,376 U . a nhe e t n e r tng oc r l nd ubs a i s ues e ly : t s nc. S. t 558,t 1 ur st Cour t or rt pa te t i ta e t a bir ton s age oft gr e nc he BT ge he t o de he r i s o nii t he r ta i t he i va e pr e esi t ad ofl a ng t pa test s a ta n a s r one. oc dur ns e e vi he r i o t r gai t qua e Bo h pa te t r or a e t tt diput ove whet rt e a l c tt e s fcint t ri s he ef e gr e ha he s e r he he m is onsiutd ufi e no i t a ncet g i va st a bir ton i am i diput i vi t i e r t ton a tce o dva he re nce o r ta i s nor s e nvol ng he nt m e a i nd a ia i oft c lc i ba gani ag ee t . Id e , ie t el w tr s l, pplc ton he ole tve r i ng r men s n e d gv n h o h ehod Ameie i rjt s ag a yj tfe i manann ta tel d dn t r p rya v n et egiv n e t e t e r u bl usiid n itiig h t h BT i o p o e l d a c h re a c s md r h ba ga ni a r e e s Sec i 25.7.2 satst tt uni is fmus fl t a a , t r i ng g e m nt . ton 1 t e ha he on tel t ie he ppe l but he pr vii i a g usast wha e ty c tt esa s fce a o son s mbiuo o t xacl onsiut ufi int ppea afe t Boa ds l tr he r d dl k on a g i va . Fur he m or , t pa tesa e t tt orgi lunde l ng greva es ea oc r e nce t r e he ri gr e ha he i na ryi i nc a es tntve i naur whiet pr s nti s i fo oft Co tr ga di t ema l i r ubsa i n t e l he e e s ue n r nt he ur e r ng he is s p o e u a.Fial,h p risa kn wld eta al ftegiv n e aes be t ors lto r c d rl n ly t e a t c o e g h t l o h re a c s r u j c t e oui n e byt ba gani a e m e s gre nc pr edu e . he r i ng gr e nt ' iva e oc r s Ati c r t n tep e e td s u ei wh t e t Co r c nc mpe Ame i tt t o e he ,h r sn ip t s eh x he u t a o l rj o s e c omme et fna a bir to sa oft g i va pr e esr t rt n l vi t I t nc he i l r tai n t ge he re nce oc dur a he ha ea ng he BT o i ta e t pr ed es a w i or rt brng ispr ed alc le . The I i i es e e nii t he oc ur ne n de o i t oc ur ha l nge BT s n s nc as ngt Co tt r ult t m n roft g iva pr ed e a tra knowl i t tt ki he ur o eg ae he nne he re nce oc ur s fe c edgng ha he d s uei amio d s u eo e whihteCo r h sn j rs ito Ast p e e e ti oh r ip t s n r ip t v r c h u t a o u idcin. he rc d n n te cr uiss ss af der lco tha no a hort t pr ee a f t ro t g i va ic t ugge t, e a ur s ut iy o oc d ny urhe ver he re nce p o e ue o c alc o j rs ito h sbe nd tr n d.S eRe lcAiln s I .7 8F. r c d r s n e a k f u id ci n a e eemi e e pubi ri e, nc, 9 2d a 968;Champi Ai ,I ., 2007 U . Dit LEXI 31 t on r nc S. s. S 067,a *11 Nw.Ailne Co p. 2005 t ; ri s r , U. Dit LEXI 4 78 , t* n2.Ac o dngy,h Co r g a t Ame i tsmo int d s s S. s. S 5 5a 7 . c r i l te u t rn s rj ' to o imis e Co n I o lc o s be tmalr u idcin. u t f r a k f u j c te j rs ito N ori t I S a alt t Su e e Cour' hol ng i John W ie pe s s ve. That s he BT' ppe o he pr m ts di n ly r ua i decson i veda dipu eoverwho coul de depr e a is sr l e t unde l ng ii nvol s t d ci oc dur l s ue eatd o ryi - 9- s tntvegreva es f r lc t ort ar ta i bodise t bls d by c lc i ubsa i i nc : ede a ours he bir ton e sa ihe ole tve bar ai ng a e nt .SeeJohn Wie drSons I ,376 U . a 556. l e t Contne al g ni gr eme s ly S. t nde d, he i nt , nc. Ai lne c e t tt l c t s f t a i to oft sc r i s as ha he BT ie or he pplca i n hi once t t RLA co e de l w ih pt o he nt xt a s t t s m eis Se Cont'Ailne ,1 F.3d a 692.H ow e r neihe pary i t pr s ntc s he a s ue. e / r i s 55 t ve , t r t n he e e a e dipu e t tt ba gani a r e nt 'g i va p oc dur uli ael mus r ol t s s t s ha he r i ng g e me s re nce r e es tm t y t es ve hi pr ce a i s Thepa te m e el d s g e ove whehe t sCour ha t a lt t r ul t o dur l s ue. ri s r y i a r e r t r hi t s he biiy o eg ae t mame oft e g i va pr e es Ye ,a no e a ve t sCour doe no ha he r r hos re nce oc dur . t s t d bo , hi t s t ve j rs ito t p o e dfrh ro c ih sb e etb ih dt ttenoieis i amatr u id cin o r c e u te n e t a e n sa ls e ha h tc sue s te e l i l f rt g i xc us ve y o he revmw e pr dur s t r ol . oce e o es ve #. Cou s 1 & 1 1 nt 1 l l rs o et teI Salg to si Co n s1 a d11 Ameie a mist ti rv std n e p ns o h BT' l ain n u t 1 n 1, rjt d t ha t e iie e isposton on t sausofPor ofSpan a trt I tld isPo tofSpan g i va s ret ii he tt t i fe he BT ie t r i re nce , c t gorz ngt hub asal r nen f e g ba e'snc M a ch 201 . a e ii he ç ma t or i n s ' i e r pe 0 Ho v r Ameie we e, r t j mant i t tt 1 f iedt tmey appe lt desg ton, r uli i atnai a i oft i ans ha he BT al o i l a he i nai es tng n i lz ton he cls ika i unde t c lc i ba gani a r e a st ton r he ole tve r i ng g e ment . s I fc, r e p it t n a t Amei t on s o j co munia i t tChi PiotCook had wih uni r pr s a i J Kunke r quesi m c tons ha ef l t on e e enttve ohn l e tng Kurkelt c i t I Ssa on t r - a e i tonand t a i a lt oft t o onfnn he BT' tnce he e c t gorzai he pplc biiy he a re ns W ihn o j cinsfo t I Ameie sae t ti o l t nc n eldt e g e me t. t o be to r m he BT, r t tt s ha t ny he a c le h j a bir tonsu rt pr umpton t tt uni ha c e t i pplc biiy oft r ta i nde he es i ha he on d onc ded he na ia lt he a r me s Ne rhees,a atz s dmatr Ame ie now ague t tt Co tl ks gee nt. ve t l s s h ehol te , rjt r s ha he ur ac j rs ito o e t eg iva c s CiigteNit Cic tsd cso i I d pe d ntUnino u id cin v r h re n e . tn h nh rui' e iin n n e n e o f Flght t ndant v Pan Ame i an W o l r ys I .923F. 678( h Ci.1 ) wi awn i Ate s . rc r dAi wa , nc, 2d 9t r 991, t hdr b I d p.Uno o ih Ate d nsv Pa .F.Wo l r ys I c, 6 F.d4 7(t Ci. y n e in fFl t tn a t . n , n rdAiwa , n .9 6 2 5 9h r g 4 1 2) i manti t tt RLA ha noe rtriorala iai t e oy swhobot 99 ,t i ans ha he s xtaert i pplc ton o mpl ee h pe f m t rd i e l i y ou sdet Unie St t a enga i û ey f ein tyi .'' ror hei utes xcusvel t i he t d aes nd ge n t l or g l ng pur Th ,trq e t tec u tod s s Co n s1 a dllf rlc o s be tmatr u id cin us i e u ss h o r t imis u t 1 n l o a k f u jc te j rs ito t rRul 1 b)1. mde e 2( () A fcua j rs ito l ta ku e Rue 1 b ()o c r wh nt emoint d s s a t lu id cina al c nd r l 2()1 c u s e h to o imis c le e çhee itn eo s b e t te j rs ito i fc,re p ci o t ep e dn s' halng s s x se c f u j c matr u id cin n a t ir s e tve f h la i g . t ' La enc v Dunbar 91 F. 1 1 ( 1hCi.1 )(uoi Menc av Chr lr wr e . , 9 2d 525, 529 1 t r 990 q tng hac . yse Cr di Cop.61 F. 507,511(t Ci.1 ) I tnty,whe apa t mount af l e t r , 3 2d 5h r 980). mpora l n ry s adua at c t c tm a c i rû a tr o sdet plad ngs s h a t si ony a a fda t . ta k,he our y onsde t te s ut i he e i , uc s e tm m nd f vis' ' 1 l ed, he e t a t c i f c ua , S s r c co ti f e t i pende l w e g f c s a d. nde w r he t a k s a t l a t ti t ur s r e o nde di nty i h a t , nd t ypr e asi ne c dunde 1 b)6)orFe R. V. 56.5Campbelv. adi l v. ma oc ed t ver oul r 2( ( d. Ci P. 5' l Par gm n Gr ,LLC, 5:0-v- 1 TM P,2011U. DitLEXI 1 4829,a * ( D.Al De 29, p. No. 1 c 1 96S. s. S 5 t 4 N. a. c. 2 1 ( u tn M o rs nv a-wl Cop.3 3F.d9 0 9 5( 1hCi. 0 :.dNj 01 ) q o ig rio .d y r , 2 3 2 , 2 1 t r 20 3 i o g pr umptvet t unes a tc st pli ifsa lga i ,a t e se eofdipu e m ae i l es i nlhf l s ta he o antf le tons nd he xit nc s t d tra fcswil o p e ld t etil o r fo e laigf ris l temeiso j rs ito l a t ln t rcu e h ra c u t r m vau tn o tef h rt f u idcina cams' fawr n e 9 9F.da 1 2 .l t ep e e tc s , rjtsc aln et t eRLA' li . ' e c , 1 2 t 5 9 n h r sn a e Ameie' h le g o h S a p iaint isP r o S ance me esi o eta atc tee itn eo s b e tmatr p lc to o t o t f p i rw mb r s n h t ta ks h x se c f u j c te j rs ito i f c.Th Co r wi t ee oec n ie matr o tiet epe dng t d tr n u idcin n a t e u t l h r f r o sd r tes u sd h la i s o eemie l wh t e ih ss be t t r u idcino e t i d s ue eh r t a u j c mat j rs ito v r h s ip t. e A saf undn e a ca ofs a ut y cons r ton,i egi l ton ofCongr s unl s a m nt l non t t or t uc i é s a i l es , es c nrr itn a p a s i me n t a pyo l wi n tetn t ra j rs ito o t eUntd o tay n e t p e r,s a t o p l ny t h e io il u id ci n f h ie hi St t s' Foly Br s,I .v Fiar , 3 6U. 2 1 2 5( 9 ) r mie o tea s mp inta ae . ' e o . nc . l do 3 S. 8 , 8 1 49 .P e s d n h su to h t ' i cong es i prm a iy co e ne wih do e tc c tons' f de a courst m us a tunde a r s s i rl nc r d t m si ondii , ' e r l t hus tc r d es pton a ns e r t ni oralt t f de a s a u e .' Pan A m. Wor d Ai wa ,I . 923 i um i gai t xt a e t i iy o e r l t t t s ' pr l r ys nc , gh hr d' F. a 680( tngFiar 336U. a 285) Thi pr um pton Scr at sahi t eshol 'and 2d t quoi l do, S. t . s es i û e e c t ha dc it ntyr q r d ... a S l are es i ofc ours ve donsse l e uie c e xpr s on' ongr s onali e t a y es i nt nt o ppl lgilton e r t rt i ly. 1 a 681 682. e sai xtaerioral ' d. t , ' I rlto t t eRLA, e ea c u t h vectdti p e u to i rj cig n eain o h fd r l o rs a ie h s r s mpin n ee tn e r triora a ia i oft saut Se , eg. i a 683*Ai L i St war s & St w ar s e xtae rt i l pplc ton he t t e. e . , d. t , r ne e d e de s s As ' v. . r i s I . 267 F. 1 , 1 ( t Ci. 959) Looki t t lgiltvehit y s n Nw Ai lne , nc , 2d 70 78 8h r 1 . ng o he e sai sor oft RLA, hes co t ha not t t a t tm et ti wa a nde t a yt co on ar he t e urs ve ed ha , t he i ha t s me d o ppl o mm i c n e s tesaued fn dS are'a o es be t t ep o ii n o t el trtt Co r e a i r,h tt t eie d rir' s n u j d o h r v so s f h ne sae mmec c Ad (I '.S ePa Am.Wo l r y ,I c 9 3F.da 68 -8 ( i n 4 U. C. 1 1 C CA' e n t ) rdAiwa s n , 2 2 t 2 3 ct g 5 S. j 5 i ( 9 2 ) Nw. rie , n .2 7F.da 1 3 Ai LieDipac e sAs ' v Na 1Me ito Bd, 1 8 ). Ail s I c, 6 2 t 7 . r n s th r sn . t da in . , n , 1 9F.d6 , 9 ( C. r 1 51; n Co o j sme v UntdSats No. V. - 5 8 2 85 6 0 D. Ci. 9 ) Ge . mm.fA4 u t nt . ie t e , CI 4 7 444,1 U. Dit LEXI 1 979 S. s. S 2354,a *1 ( M i M a 1 1 .Si et l wasis l t 0 D. nn. y 6, 979) nc he CA tef lm ie i a i aton onl t ta pora i t ki pl c w ihi t Unie St t , t c t ha i t d n pplc i y o r ns t ton a ng a e t n he t d a es he ours ve co l d t tç ncude ha û congr si e dt e lm ia i t a yt c ni r by araswe1' Pan A m. es ntnde hes i t tons o ppl o a e s i 1. ' WordAiwa ,I 923F. a 683(ii Ai Li DipathesAs ',189F. a 690; r l r ys nc, 2d t ctng r ne s c r sn 2d t Ai Li St war s & St war s e As ',1 ,v T a sWo l rie , nc, 7 F.d 6 , ( Ci. ne e d e de s s s n nt1 . r n rdAil s I .2 3 2 9 71 2d r n 1 ) l lghtoft slgiltvehit ya t a enc ofa e ii e rt rt il 959). n i hi e sai sor nd he bs e n xplct xtaeriora a i a i oft R LA w ihi t s a ut , c t ha t r f r d f r l pr cl d RLA pplc ton he t n he t t e ours ve he e o e s o m y e ude uni j rs ito o e d s ue iv li e ly e wh p ro m sr ie wh l o tieteUntd u idcin v r ip ts n ovng mpo e s o ef r ev c s ol u sd h ie y Stt s' Volmarv CS Tr p., I c, 0 F. u p.1 5 1 6 - ( D. .1 8 ) s eas a e .' l . X ans n .7 5 S p 1 4, 1 4 65 E. Va 9 9 ; e lo PanAm.WordAiwa ,I ,923F. a 683( di t tt RLA t snoti udepur y l r ys nc 2d t hol ng ha he i doe ncl el f egntyi l; Ailne,I .267F. a 1 (oncl ngt tt RLA i d ori l ng' Nw. ri s nc, 2d t 75 c udi ha he st non- e taertra'; rLieDi c e sAs ', 8 F.da 6 0( ( h Ac d e n te tn t a xrtrio il)Ai n s h r sn 1 9 2 t 9 ûT) e t o s o xe d o n ' pat : arcare a ise o esl a e e iey ou sdet co i nt lUnie St t and is i ri r nd t mpl ye oc t d ntr l t i he ntne a td aes t triore -) ert is'. ' Am ongt m os r c nto ni nsa fr ng t sprncpl t N it Cic ti Pan he t e e pi o fimi hi i i e,he n h r ui n Ame ian r f e t a y apr e si co l tveba gani a e m e t aPa Ame ia rc e us d o ppl e-xitng leci r i ng gr e nt o n rc n s i a yt tope ae e l i l i Eur a hie s ey f r i n e pl sr pr s n e by ubsdi r ha r t d xcusvey n ope nd r d ol l o e g m oyee e e e t d aGenna uni SeePanAm.WordAiwa ,I 923F. a 679. As a ge r lm a t r t n on. l r ys nc, 2d t ne a te , he co tdee mi d t tt RLA di nota yt t el f r i fyi ' Se i . a 683. Li w i e ur tr ne ha he d ppl o ' y o egn l ng. e d t pur ' ke s , t edsrc c u tnGe e a Co te o h itit o r i n r l mmi e fAqu t n f u dt ta RL abi ainbo r lc e t sme t o n ha n A r t to ad a k d r j rs i o o e e ly e wh wo k de du ieyi Ca a ad t ltme maeiloter u iddin v r mp o e s o r e x sv l n n d d al i s tra t h i a cams' Ge . mm. fAqu t n ,1 7 U. Dit LEXI 1 5 a # Cii e rir li . n Co o ' sme t 9 9 S. s. S 23 4, t 3. tng al e p e e e t a wel step siiiyofac n ld wi Ca a inj rs ito l nee t,h c u t r c d n , s la h o sb l t o fi t n d a u idcina i tr ss t e o r h c l d t tt RLA c ai d Ss cii g r phi lm ia i . . . t e pl ym e w ihi t onc ude ha he ont ne tpe fc eog a c i t tons o m o nt t n he U nied St t . 1 a *1 t a es' d. t 4. ' Tos p r isp iini t ec re tds ue Ame i t a atc e t atd vt fo u po tt osto n h u rn ip t, r e h s ta h d wo f a is r m j i MacaM c a u , r e' Crw P a n rs he ui M a a e, n Der Hu f Ame i ts r i M n s Ame i ts e ln e/ c d l j ng n g r a d ry f, rj ' e Seni Diec or Sta e c l ta i s des rbi t a r i sope a i i Por ofSpai . Thes or r t r t gi nii tve , c i ng he ilne' r tons n t n e afd vt saeta al r e ce me r wo kn i P r o S anaesain dte e fi a is tt h t l Amei t r w mbes r ig n o t f p i r tto e h r j t mpor rl f pe i l si up t t n da o a r , a epe mane l dom iie i e a iy or rods a tng o e ys n ve age but r r nty c ld n M imi M o .oDimisEx A, 4 , o.oDimisEx. !4 Cag i ta s re fo a . tt s s . ! -5 M t t s s B, . r o s r n po td r m . M im iI e na i lAipo t o Por ofSpan a t n i d srbut d t va i Ca i a a a nt r tona r r t t i nd he s iti e o rous rbbe n nd La i Am e ian l tonsvi ar r h sa i d i Por ofSpai . M ott DimisEx. !3.At tn rc ocai a ic a t tone n t n .o s s B, no tme d li t i t mpor r sa do c ew m e r m a s he e fi st , ort a is i trng he r e a y ty r mbe s ke c duld lght o r ns t t o h, he Unied St es o .t D i m i sEx. A, 6. hr ug t t at .M t o s s ! Th 1 c u tr ti j rs ito a c le g b atmp igt dsi u s t efcso t e BT o n es h s u idcin l haln e y te tn o itng ih h a t f he pr e ca e f om t Pan Am e i an dec s on.I c r s t t f e g na i na em pl eswho es nt s r he rc ii n ont a t o he or i n t o l oye o r t e l i l i Eur i Pan Ame c , teI ag st a Ameie i aF o ia pe a ed xc usve y n ope n ri an h BT r ue h t r t s lrd j c p o ai t tta po t c go t a f o t Unie St t susng fi c e ba e i t o r ton ha r ns rs ar o nd r m he t d a e i lght r ws s d n he Unie St t .M or ove , i t e o e i PanAmerc , t eAmeie e ly e a t d aes e r unlke he mplye s n ian h r t mp o e s t j is he ea e a lr pr s nt b an Amerca uni na ey t I . Though t 1 a is sue r r l e e e ed y i n on, m l he BT he BT dm t t tPo tofSpai c e me be sa e sa i ha r n r w m r r ttoned o s st m por rl , i sr s st f c t tt s verea e a iy t tes e he a t ha he e e oye a e pe ma nty dom iie i t Unied St t . Fi ly,t 1 de est tTrni d mpl es r r ne l c ld n he t aes na l he BT ni ha i da hasa i e e ti r ol ng t p es diput t tc d r ul i ac lson be we n domesi ny nt r s n es vi he r ent s e ha oul es t n olii t e tc and f ei n l w i t Cour w e e t appl t RLA . or g a f he t r o y he Alhough t ca e1w doesnots ak s cik a l t ast ton whe e a he e, m pl es t he s a pe pe t ly o iuai r , s r e oye a eonl wor ng a oa pe i c l bef er ur ng t t Unie St t s t sr ngt oft r y ki br d rodialy or et ni o he t d a e , he te h he pr c de lm ii t s ope o t RLA t t Unie Stt sa ist niore i c nc ng. l e e nt i tng he c f he o he t d a e nd t e t i s s onvi i n fc ,ast Ni h Cic ti Pan Ame c not , t c r li s i t s c esi Swhe et a t he nt r ui n rian ed he enta s ue n he e as s l r he tans t to w a ,' C r por a i n s ' not t wher t e pl ye w e e ba ed.' Pan Am.W or dA i ys I ,923 e he m o es r s ' l rwa , nc F.da 6 2n. (uoigfo a 5 3 T a s Wo k r Unino q , - O v E. rLie , 2 t 8 7 q tn c l 5 , r np. r es o fzm.AFL C1 . Ai n s I c, 4 F. p 1 5 1 2 - n 1( D. Y.1 8 ) afdwi mo 6e r le 6 5F.d 6 8 n .5 4 Su p. 31 , 3 2 23 . E. N. 9 2 , f ' t d d ei 9 2 6 h f ( dCi. 9 2 ) Co s q e t e e to g t P r o S ance me e sma h v b e 2 r 1 8 ). n e u nl v n h u h he o t f p i r w mb r y a e e n y, pe ne l domi l i M im i t rta poraton whiei Por ofSpan occ r d src l nna nty cied n a , hei r ns t i l n t i ure tity be we n f egn desi tons SeeM ot t DimisEx. !4 .Be a s t eg iva c si t e or i tna i . . o s s A, -6 c u e h re n e n Co s1 a Ili vee l i l f e g ta pora i tki pl ei Po tofSpan, t unt 1 nd l nvol xc usvey or i n r ns tton a ng ac n r i he Co r d s se b t c u t frlc o s b e t te j s ito u t imiss oh o n s o a k f u j c matr mid cin. C. Count Il l drV1 s rz r Ameie rie c mpaa l o j cin t e c o teI Sfna t rec u t.F o t e rjt as s o r be b e to s o a h f h BT' i l h e o n s r m h o te, r e f c s sisatc so t es as n s o t eI Sc mplit l p riu a, u st Ame i t o u e t ta k n h p re e s f h BT' o an . n a t lr j c CountI sa es i s t r c vi pr fom t Uni oft aval biiyofafec e me r V tt , d pie e ei ng oof r he on he ia lt De f t d mbe s d rn tec n e tdRDP,od t Ameie ha f i dt p ya yo t s a fce e o e st e u ig h o tse t ae rjt s al o a n f ho e fe td mply e h e 60hourm i mum pa g r nt a or r d by Ar ta orLure.' Com pl t Com pe A r t a i n ni y ua a ee s de e bir t i ' .o l bir t o a 1 , 4.Ameie c ne dst tteI ha f i dt ie tf a ye ly ewh wa a alb e t 1! r t o tn ha h BT s al o d niy n mpo e o s v ia l j e t fy dtrng t c esed r t rdut pe i a i t r or elgi ef t mi mtm pa o l li he ont t ose y rod nd s he ef e i bl or he ni l y g a a te Co n V alg s t s t t ea r t d t Ame ie ha f i dt p o iea v n e u rne . u t le e ,s pi h wad,o ae De e r t s al o r vd d a c j e notc t FlghtEngi e sofZe o G Flght a ha notal wed FlghtEngi r t bi on t e ie o i ne r r i s nd s lo i nee s o d hos ti t by s ni iy. l ha t r f e f ie t co pl wih Ar ta orGol t n' a d.' 1 a lgh s e ort t s he e or al d o m y t bir t dsei s war ' d. t 1 , 8 Co n VIl e s cams t s t t ea r t d t Ameie h sf i dt icu ete 2 ! . u t i wie li ,i pi h wad,o ae k De e r t a al o n ld h j e c pone l gs a t tm e a s a e w ih t m i is s he e . l ha t f ie t c om nt e nd he i s s oci t d t he n t c dul s t s hus a ld o ompl y wih t a bir ton a r ' 1 . a 1 !4. t he r ta i wa d. d t 3, ' I tal Ameie c le dt s c sunde Rul 1 b)6)f f l et saeacam. niily, rjt halnge he e ount r e 2( ( or aiur o tt li Ho ve ,n isrs et Ameie' moi t dimis t I a aedt i c t t i was we r i t e pons o rjts ton o s s,he BT ppe r o ndiae hatt no pr pa e t o fri t nce o dei t vi l to oft a bir ton a r . l e i r l ton t e r d o f e nsa s f fnie o ai ns he x ta i wa ds nde d, n e a i 1 ' j ( ) i j ) I . j ( : E ) r t Co nsI a dVI i n tdt a Amei th dn tctda yc s 1w ço teprpo i o t a a o u t V n ,t oe h t r e a o ie n a e a d r h o st n h t j f i 1 7 p rymu twatf ra abtai na r go b b e c dbeo ec nfr ngi o c mp li at s i o n r i to wad t) e r a he f r o imi t r o el r ng ' . ( E ' . c pla e w ih i. Pl,sRes t DefysM ot t D i m i sa 1 Re r ng CountV li om i nc t t,, . p. o . . o s s t 7. ga di n ' ) I ( p riulr teI h g ihe t efc ta tea r wa ij n tv i n t r.S ei.l a t a,h BT ihl td h a th th wad s nu cie n au e e d t c g co ude wih a r que tt t ncl d t e s ha q ( gl ul teUno beo l ae a t ep e d n sa et p o ea a ee n o sho d h in bi td t h la i g tg o r v s n lme t f g ) t enf cng t a r t tt awa dhasbee br a he , t n r t t n gr nt or i he wa d ha he r n e c d he aher ha a ! sl r j d me t oAmeie,h c u tgils o l dr c t eUn o t p o iea t mmay u g n t r tt e o r sc h ud ie t h in o r vd j ' m or de i t s a e e ort dim i s t co w ih l a t a e t c pl i ; e f nie t t m nt o s s he unt t e ve o m nd he om a nt i t at m a i t Uni s d begi n lavet enga i dicove y r ga di n he le tve he on houl ve e o ge n s r e r ng l j Ame i tsc mpin ewihtec mp n n lga r rj ' o la c t h o o e t e wad. e t , 1 d . r ) ' l lg to teerq et, rjtn w manan ta, ic te1 c n o alg se i n ih fh s e u ssAmeie o itis h tsn e h BT a n t l e p ct e k ) . ï vi ai oft a bir ton a r oroft c l ci ba gai ng ag ee ol tons he r tai wa ds he ole tve r ni r ment, t r i no Artc e s he e s il 2 ) ) . 1lc s o c n rves a dt Co r t rf r lc sj rs it n o ra1h e c t s l a e r o to ry n he u theeo e a k u idci ve 1 tr e omt. o 2 . Aril l1o teCo ttto rsrcst ej iil o ro tefd r l o rst t a e ' t e l f h nsiu in etit h udca p we f h e e a c u t o ç s s' c c ) ' E ' o l ontove ses' SeeU. Cons. t11 j2.Ac or ngy,$ numbe ofditi ( urshave r s r ri . c ' S. tar. 1, c di l t a r srct co t k ' ( . d nidrq e t t c nfr (rv c t)abtaina r sb t e lb ra dma a e n wh r e e e u ss o o im o a ae r i t wa d ewe n a o n n g me t ee r o ; t r wasno lve a a t ldipu e be w e n t pa te .'' FF Che Hol n ,I .v Unie he e i nd c ua s t t e he ri s '1 m. digs nc . t d ( . Se lPa rd Fo e t ,Ru b r Mf .En r , le I du . r e v Wo k r 1 t Un o No te, pe r r sr b e , g, ep Alid n s d S r . r e s n 1 in, . y ' 3: 0- v- J 99 C-RK,2011U. Dit LEXI 6855 a * ( . Fl Apr 25, 1 1 c 738- - TJ J S. s. S 4, t 9 M D. a. . 201 ) '. L : 7 ( i 1199 Unie He t ar Wo k r E.v.Ciit M e Ct.l .No. quotng td alhc e r e s vsa d. r, nc, DKC 1 047 2011 0- 9, ( ? U S. s.LEXI 8 Dit S 268,a *2( M d. a 28,2011) Thus f i t e t 1 Che c t D. J n. ). , or nsanc , he FF mial . ) y i Hol n ca e i ved a a tmptbya uni t contr a a bir ton a d f a e oye digs s nvol n te on o i m n r ta i war or n mpl e ) ' ' ) who ha di be o e t a bir ton pa r nder d adecson on hi gre nc . Se i a * d ed f r he r ta i nel e e ii s i va e e d t 4-5. è é ) . - 1 6- l t ) j ( l 1 2 Fi ngt tt e oye sde t ha r nde ed t is m oot t c tdeci d t co i t ndi ha he mpl e' ah d e r he s ue lne o nfnn he , he our a a d. Se /l a *1 l lke m a r t DititofM a yl i Ci it M e c Ce e w r e t t 2. n i ; nne , he src r and n vsa dial ntr de e ne t tno c e orc r r y e sed whe a uni s t nni d ha as ontove s xi t n on oughtt c i n a a bir ton o onfl n r t a i n a r e t wa d ven hough i di nots e t c l c amone a y a r ore or e t a r d t nont d e k o ole t t r wa d nf c he wa d ue o c ompla e.Se 11 Unie Healhcar Wor e sE. v Ciit M ed Ct I ., N o. KC 1 inc e 99 td t e kr . vsa r, nc D 00 9, 1 U . D i t LEXI 8268, t*3( M d. a 28, 1.I doi s 47 201 S. s . S a D. J n. 201 ) n ng o , tec u t ee td h o r rj ce t uni scli st tt Fe r lAr ta i Ac pe m isa c tt c im a a r wiho a he on' am ha he de a bir ton t r t our o onfr n wa d t ut t e hol f c ua s hr s d a t l howi ofa unde l ng diput be wee t pari s Se i ng n ryi s e t n he te . e d Her ,t I Smea rc e he BT' ge ompli a t sa e nt i isr pons i c et ant nd he t t me s n t es e ndiat he pos i lt t tt l c nnotalegege ne vi a i oft a bir to a r a t stm e sbiiy ha he BT a l nui oltons he r tai n wa ds t hi i . Thea t lcli si e c c c ua am n a h ounta e c i t asngl pa a a t to y i fniel a s sa r onfned o i e r gr ph ha nl nde i t y s ert br a h o ea h a r . l t 1 tul c l al ges c fcvi a i oft awar butr t r e c f c wa d f he BT r y amot le pe ii oltons he ds a he , i smpl r quesi t Cour t c i t awa dsa am a trofc s , t Cour m us s i y e tng he t o onfnn he r s te our e he t t d s s tec u t frlc o s b e t te j rs it n smia t t d cso i Ciit imis h o ns o a k f u j c matr u id ci i lr o he e iin n vsa o M e c Ce e . l s h ac e, t I Scai wo d c tt em e ehypot tc l a dial ntr n uc as he BT' l ms ul onsiut r hei a nd , te eo en nj siib e d s ue .Asars l,h Co r d s s e t efn l l e c u t wih h rf r o -u tca l, ip ts e utt e u t imis s h i a tl e o n s t r lavef rt l t fl a ame e o he BT o ie n nded c ompl i demonsr tng a t lvi ato oft r s c i ant ta i c ua ol i ns he e pe tve a r . wa ds I . CO N C LU SI N V O Fo t a r he bove i r s ,i i t ea ons t s A D JUD G ED t t ha : ( )Ameie' M oint DimisPu s a t oRue 1 ( )1 a d ()o , i t A lem atve, 1 r ts to o s s ru n t l 2 b ( ) n 6 r n he t i j frStmmayJ o l r udgme ( E. 1 ,ie onM a 24. 2,i GRANTED. nt D. No. 0) fld y 201 s ( )Co ns1 l, n Il ft eI Sc mp an aed s se frlc o s b e matr 2 u t ,1 a d 1 o h BT' o lit r imis d o a k f u j d te J rs ci ' i di ton. u ( Cou sl V,a Vlo t I Scompl ntaedimisd wihl vef t l t 3) nt V, nd f he BT' ai r s se t ea or he BT o fl a a e d c pl i no l t rt n N o i e n m nde om a nt a e ha vem ber 6.2012. DONE AND ORDERED i Chambe sa M i mi Fl rda,hi n r t a , oi t da ofOcobe , 2. y t r 201 FEDE CO A .M O UNI TED STA T D I STRI T J D G E C U Copi pr ded t es ovi o: Couns ofRe r el co d - 18-