Medina v. Barenchi et al, No. 3:2016cv02423 - Document 4 (S.D. Cal. 2016)

Court Description: ORDER granting 2 Motion for Leave to Proceed in forma pauperis. The Secretary CDCR, or his designee, is ordered to collect from prison trust account the $350 balance of the filing fee owed in this case by collecting monthly payments from the trust account in an amount equal to 20% of the preceding month income credited to the account and forward payments to the Clerk of the Court each time the amount in the account exceeds $10 in accordance with 28 USC 1915(b)(2). (Order elec tronically transmitted to Secretary of CDCR). DIRECTS the Clerk of the Court to serve a copy of this Order on Scott Kernan, Secretary, CDCR, P.O. Box 942883, Sacramento, California, 94283-0001 ; denying 3 Motion to Appoint Counsel. The Court DISM ISSES Plaintiffs Complaint for failing to state a claim upon which relief may be granted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) and § 1915A(b)(1), and GRANTS him forty-five (45) days leave from the date of this Order in which to file an Amended Complaint which cures all the deficiencies of pleading noted. Signed by Judge Anthony J. Battaglia on 12/16/2016. (All non-registered users served via U.S. Mail Service)(acc)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 12 NARCISCO MEDINA, CDCR #F-26145, 15 16 ORDER: Plaintiff, 13 14 Case No.: 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC vs. 1) GRANTING MOTION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS [ECF No. 2] R. BARENCHI, et al., Defendants. 2) DENYING MOTION FOR APPOINTMENT OF COUNSEL [ECF No. 3] 17 18 19 AND 20 3) DISMISSING COMPLAINT FOR FAILING TO STATE A CLAIM PURSUANT TO 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) AND § 1915A(b) 21 22 23 24 NARCISCO MEDINA (“Plaintiff”), currently incarcerated at Mule Creek State 25 Prison (“MCSP’”) in Ione, California, and proceeding pro se, has filed a civil rights 26 Complaint pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (ECF No. 1). 27 Plaintiff’s claims Dr. R. Barenchi, a physician at Richard J. Donovan Correctional 28 Facility (“RJD”), and three other RJD doctors (Walker, Robert and Glynn), together with 1 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 J. Lewis, the Deputy Director of California Correctional Health Care Services, refused to 2 prescribe, and then denied his CDC 602 HC Appeal requesting morphine to manage 3 chronic pain in violation of the Eighth Amendment. (Id. at 2-5.) He seeks injunctive 4 relief requiring “effective pain medication—such as morphine,” as well as $1,000 in 5 general and punitive damages. (Id. at 9.) 6 Plaintiff did not prepay the civil filing fee required by 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a) when 7 he filed his Complaint; instead, he has filed a Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis 8 (“IFP”) pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) (ECF No. 2), together with a Motion to Appoint 9 Counsel (ECF No. 3). 10 I. 11 Plaintiff’s IFP Motion All parties instituting any civil action, suit or proceeding in a district court of the 12 United States, except an application for writ of habeas corpus, must pay a filing fee of 13 $400.1 See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a). The action may proceed despite a plaintiff’s failure to 14 prepay the entire fee only if he is granted leave to proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 15 § 1915(a). See Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1051 (9th Cir. 2007); Rodriguez v. 16 Cook, 169 F.3d 1176, 1177 (9th Cir. 1999). However, a prisoner who is granted leave to 17 proceed IFP remains obligated to pay the entire fee in “increments” or “installments,” 18 Bruce v. Samuels, __ S. Ct. __, 136 S. Ct. 627, 629 (2016); Williams v. Paramo, 775 19 F.3d 1182, 1185 (9th Cir. 2015), and regardless of whether his action is ultimately 20 dismissed. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1) & (2); Taylor v. Delatoore, 281 F.3d 844, 847 (9th 21 Cir. 2002). 22 23 Section 1915(a)(2) requires prisoners seeking leave to proceed IFP to submit a “certified copy of the trust fund account statement (or institutional equivalent) for . . . the 24 25 26 27 28 1 In addition to the $350 statutory fee, civil litigants must pay an additional administrative fee of $50. See 28 U.S.C. § 1914(a) (Judicial Conference Schedule of Fees, District Court Misc. Fee Schedule, § 14 (eff. June 1, 2016). The additional $50 administrative fee does not apply to persons granted leave to proceed IFP. Id. 2 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 6-month period immediately preceding the filing of the complaint.” 28 U.S.C. 2 § 1915(a)(2); Andrews v. King, 398 F.3d 1113, 1119 (9th Cir. 2005). From the certified 3 trust account statement, the Court assesses an initial payment of 20% of (a) the average 4 monthly deposits in the account for the past six months, or (b) the average monthly 5 balance in the account for the past six months, whichever is greater, unless the prisoner 6 has no assets. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1); 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(4). The institution having 7 custody of the prisoner then collects subsequent payments, assessed at 20% of the 8 preceding month’s income, in any month in which his account exceeds $10, and forwards 9 those payments to the Court until the entire filing fee is paid. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2); 10 Bruce, 136 S. Ct. at 629. 11 In support of his IFP Motion, Plaintiff has submitted a certified copy of his CDCR 12 Inmate Statement Report, together with a certificate of funds certified by a prison official 13 at MCSP, as required 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(2) and S.D. CAL. CIVLR 3.2. See ECF No. 2 at 14 6-7; Andrews, 398 F.3d at 1119. These documents shows Plaintiff had no deposits to his 15 account, carried no balance over the 6-month period preceding the filing of his 16 Complaint, and had an available balance of zero at the time of filing. As a result, the 17 Court declines to assess any initial partial filing at this time. See 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(4) 18 (providing that “[i]n no event shall a prisoner be prohibited from bringing a civil action 19 or appealing a civil action or criminal judgment for the reason that the prisoner has no 20 assets and no means by which to pay the initial partial filing fee.”); Bruce, 136 S. Ct. at 21 630; Taylor, 281 F.3d at 850 (finding that 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(4) acts as a “safety-valve” 22 preventing dismissal of a prisoner’s IFP case based solely on a “failure to pay . . . due to 23 the lack of funds available to him when payment is ordered.”). 24 Therefore, the Court GRANTS Plaintiff’s Motion to Proceed IFP (ECF No. 2) and 25 directs the Secretary of the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation 26 (“CDCR”), or his designee, to collect the entire $350 balance of the filing fees required 27 by 28 U.S.C. § 1914 and forward them to the Clerk of the Court pursuant to the 28 installment payment provisions set forth in 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(1). See id. 3 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 2 II. Motion to Appoint Counsel Plaintiff has also filed a Motion for Appointment of Counsel (ECF No. 3). Plaintiff 3 claims he is unable to afford counsel, has limited knowledge of the law, and his limited 4 law library access will “greatly limit his ability to litigate.” (Id. at 1.) 5 First, the Court assures Plaintiff that all pro se pleadings are “liberally construed,” 6 and that “a pro se complaint, however inartfully pleaded,” is held to less stringent 7 standards than formal pleadings drafted by lawyers.” Erickson v. Pardus, 551 U.S. 89, 94 8 (2007) (internal citations and quotation marks omitted). Moreover, FED. R. CIV. P. 8(e) 9 requires that “[p]leadings …be construed so as to do justice.” 10 Second, there is no constitutional right to counsel in a civil case. Lassiter v. Dept. 11 of Social Services, 452 U.S. 18, 25 (1981). While under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(1), district 12 courts have some limited discretion to “request” that an attorney represent an indigent 13 civil litigant, Agyeman v. Corr. Corp. of America, 390 F.3d 1101, 1103 (9th Cir. 2004), 14 this discretion is rarely exercised and only under “exceptional circumstances.” Id.; see 15 also Terrell v. Brewer, 935 F.2d 1015, 1017 (9th Cir. 1991). A finding of exceptional 16 circumstances requires “an evaluation of the likelihood of the plaintiff’s success on the 17 merits and an evaluation of the plaintiff’s ability to articulate his claims ‘in light of the 18 complexity of the legal issues involved.’” Agyeman, 390 F.3d at 1103 (quoting Wilborn 19 v. Escalderon, 789 F.2d 1328, 1331 (9th Cir. 1986)). 20 Under these standards, the Court DENIES Plaintiff’s Motion to Appoint Counsel 21 (ECF No. 3) without prejudice because, as discussed below, a liberal construction of his 22 Complaint shows both that he is capable of articulating the factual basis for his Eighth 23 Amendment medical care claims, which appear typical, straightforward, and not at all 24 complex. See Palmer v. Valdez, 560 F.3d 965, 970 (9th Cir. 2009) (concluding that the 25 “need for development of further facts” is insufficient to demonstrate legal complexity 26 requiring appointment of counsel) (quoting Wilborn, 789 F.2d at 1331). Moreover, the 27 likelihood of Plaintiff’s success on the merits is not at all yet clear at this preliminary 28 stage of the proceedings. Agyeman, 390 F.3d at 1103. 4 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 Therefore, neither the interests of justice nor any exceptional circumstances 2 warrant appointment of counsel at this time. LaMere v. Risley, 827 F.2d 622, 626 (9th 3 Cir. 1987); Terrell, 935 F.2d at 1017. 4 III. Screening Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B) and 1915A(b) 5 A. 6 Because Plaintiff is a prisoner and is proceeding IFP, his Complaint requires a pre- Standard of Review 7 answer screening pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) and § 1915A(b). Under these 8 statutes, the Court must sua sponte dismiss a prisoner’s IFP complaint, or any portion of 9 it, which is frivolous, malicious, fails to state a claim, or seeks damages from defendants 10 who are immune. See Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1126-27 (9th Cir. 2000) (en banc) 11 (discussing 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)); Rhodes v. Robinson, 621 F.3d 1002, 1004 (9th Cir. 12 2010) (discussing 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)). “The purpose of [screening] is ‘to ensure that 13 the targets of frivolous or malicious suits need not bear the expense of responding.’” 14 Nordstrom v. Ryan, 762 F.3d 903, 920 n.1 (9th Cir. 2014) (quoting Wheeler v. Wexford 15 Health Sources, Inc., 689 F.3d 680, 681 (7th Cir. 2012)). 16 “The standard for determining whether a plaintiff has failed to state a claim upon 17 which relief can be granted under § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) is the same as the Federal Rule of 18 Civil Procedure 12(b)(6) standard for failure to state a claim.” Watison v. Carter, 668 19 F.3d 1108, 1112 (9th Cir. 2012); see also Wilhelm v. Rotman, 680 F.3d 1113, 1121 (9th 20 Cir. 2012) (noting that screening pursuant to § 1915A “incorporates the familiar standard 21 applied in the context of failure to state a claim under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 22 12(b)(6)”). Rule 12(b)(6) requires a complaint “contain sufficient factual matter, accepted 23 as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.” Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 24 662, 678 (2009) (internal quotation marks omitted); Wilhelm, 680 F.3d at 1121. 25 Detailed factual allegations are not required, but “[t]hreadbare recitals of the 26 elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice.” 27 Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678. “Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for 28 relief [is] ... a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its 5 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 judicial experience and common sense.” Id. The “mere possibility of misconduct” or 2 “unadorned, the defendant-unlawfully-harmed me accusation[s]” fall short of meeting 3 this plausibility standard. Id.; see also Moss v. U.S. Secret Service, 572 F.3d 962, 969 4 (9th Cir. 2009). 5 Finally, in deciding whether Plaintiff has stated a plausible claim for relief, the 6 Court may consider exhibits attached to his Complaint. See FED. R. CIV. P. 10(c) (“A 7 copy of a written instrument that is an exhibit to a pleading is a part of the pleading for all 8 purposes.”); Hal Roach Studios, Inc. v. Richard Feiner & Co., Inc., 896 F.2d 1542, 1555 9 n.19 (9th Cir. 1990) (citing Amfac Mortg. Corp. v. Ariz. Mall of Tempe, Inc., 583 F.2d 10 426 (9th Cir. 1978) (“[M]aterial which is properly submitted as part of the complaint may 11 be considered” in ruling on a Rule 12(b)(6) motion to dismiss.)). Plaintiff’s Factual Allegations 12 B. 13 Plaintiff’s claims are conclusory, and his factual allegations a bit sparse. However, 14 he does allege to have been “seen by Dr. Barenchi, [a] physician & surgeon” at RJD, on 15 February 5, 2016, interviewed, and examined in response to a CDC 602 HC Inmate 16 Appeal he filed regarding pain management. (ECF No. 1 at 5 & Ex. at 12.) Plaintiff 17 requested that Dr. Barenchi prescribe “effective” pain medication to treat the “serious 18 severe major pain” he was suffering as a result of arthritis and an “enlarged hernia.” (ECF 19 No. 1 at 4-5.) Plaintiff claims to have told Dr. Barenchi that he had taken ibuprofen, 20 naproxen, motrin, amitriptyline, trileptal, and other medications, but they “did not relieve 21 the pain,” so he requested morphine. (Id. & Ex. at 12.) 22 Dr. Barenchi denied the request, “explained to [Plaintiff] that narcotic medication 23 was not recommended for chronic pain,” and “offered [him] alternative medications … 24 but [he] refused.” (Id.) Plaintiff appealed Barenchi’s decision, but his appeal was denied 25 on February 12, 2016, at the first level of administrative review, by Defendant R. Walker, 26 RJD’s Chief Physician & Surgeon (id. at 12), denied again on March 29, 2016, at the 27 second level of review by Defendants S. Roberts, RJD’s Chief Medical Executive, and 28 M. Glynn, RJD’s Chief Executive Officer (id. at 13), and exhausted at the third, and final 6 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 level of administrative review on July 19, 2016, by Defendant J. Lewis. (Id. at 15-17.) All 2 Defendants reviewing Plaintiff’s appeal affirmed Dr. Barenchi’s initial assessments. (Id. 3 at 12-17.) 4 C. 5 “Section 1983 creates a private right of action against individuals who, acting 42 U.S.C. § 1983 6 under color of state law, violate federal constitutional or statutory rights.” Devereaux v. 7 Abbey, 263 F.3d 1070, 1074 (9th Cir. 2001). Section 1983 “is not itself a source of 8 substantive rights, but merely provides a method for vindicating federal rights elsewhere 9 conferred.” Graham v. Connor, 490 U.S. 386, 393-94 (1989) (internal quotation marks 10 and citations omitted). “To establish § 1983 liability, a plaintiff must show both (1) 11 deprivation of a right secured by the Constitution and laws of the United States, and (2) 12 that the deprivation was committed by a person acting under color of state law.” Tsao v. 13 Desert Palace, Inc., 698 F.3d 1128, 1138 (9th Cir. 2012). 14 D. 15 There is no question that Defendants, all alleged to be physicians or medical 16 personnel employed by the State of California to “provide medical services to state prison 17 inmates, acted under color of state law for purposes of § 1983.” West v. Atkins, 487 U.S. 18 42, 54 (1988). 19 Eighth Amendment Medical Care However, only “deliberate indifference to a prisoner’s serious illness or injury 20 [will] state[] a cause of action under § 1983.” Estelle v. Gamble, 429 U.S. 97, 105 21 (1976); see also Clouthier v. Cnty. of Contra Costa, 591 F.3d 1232, 1241-44 (9th Cir. 22 2010) (applying Estelle’s Eighth Amendment deliberate indifference standard to 23 inadequate medical care claims alleged to violate a pretrial detainees’ due process rights). 24 First, Plaintiff must allege a “serious medical need” by demonstrating that “failure 25 to treat [his] condition could result in further significant injury or the ‘unnecessary and 26 wanton infliction of pain.’” McGuckin v. Smith, 974 F.2d 1050, 1059 (9th Cir. 1991), 27 overruled on other grounds by WMX Techs., Inc. v. Miller, 104 F.3d 1133 (9th Cir. 1997) 28 (en banc) (citing Estelle, 429 U.S. at 104). The “existence of an injury that a reasonable 7 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 doctor or patient would find important and worthy of comment or treatment; the presence 2 of a medical condition that significantly affects an individual’s daily activities; or the 3 existence of chronic and substantial pain are examples of indications that a prisoner has a 4 ‘serious’ need for medical treatment.” Id. at 1059-60. 5 Plaintiff claims to suffer from “serious severe pain” due to arthritis and an 6 “enlarged hernia.” (ECF No. 1 at 4, 5.) Thus, the Court will assume, for purposes of 7 screening pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) and § 1915A, that he had a serious medical 8 need in February 2016, when he first alleges Defendants denied him “effective pain 9 medication.” (Id.) See Wilhelm v. Rotman, 680 F.3d 1113, 1122 (9th Cir. 2012) 10 (“[H]ernia [i]s a serious medical need.” (citing Jones v. Johnson, 781 F.2d 769, 771 (9th 11 Cir. 1986). 12 However, even assuming Plaintiff’s medical condition and/or pain was sufficiently 13 objectively serious to invoke Eighth Amendment protection, he must also include in his 14 pleading enough factual content to show that each Defendant he seeks to hold liable acted 15 with “deliberate indifference” to his needs. McGuckin, 974 F.2d at 1060; see also Jett v. 16 Penner, 439 F.3d 1091, 1096 (9th Cir. 2006). “This second prong–defendant’s response 17 to the need was deliberately indifferent–is satisfied by showing (a) a purposeful act or 18 failure to respond to [the] prisoner’s pain or possible medical need and (b) harm caused 19 by the indifference.” Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096. “Deliberate indifference is a high legal 20 standard,” and claims of medical malpractice or negligence are insufficient to establish a 21 constitutional deprivation. Simmons v. Navajo County, 609 F.3d 1011, 1019 (9th Cir. 22 2010) (citing Toguchi v. Chung, 391 F.3d 1051, 1060 (9th Cir. 2004)). 23 Plaintiff claims only that Defendants collectively “denied [him] an effective pain 24 reliever,” and therefore, acted with “deliberate indifference” by refusing his demands for 25 morphine. (ECF No. 1 at 5.) “Deliberate indifference” is a legal conclusion, however; and 26 to the extent Plaintiff’s pleading “offers ‘labels and conclusions’ or a ‘formulaic 27 recitation of the elements of a cause of action,’” but no “further factual enhancement,” it 28 “will not do.” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555, 557). 8 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 Instead, “[d]eliberate indifference” is evidenced only when a prisoner alleges the 2 official he seeks to hold liable “kn[ew] of and disregard[ed] an excessive risk to inmate 3 health and safety; the official must be both aware of facts from which the inference could 4 be drawn that a substantial risk of serious harm exist[ed], and he must also [have] 5 draw[n] the inference.” Farmer v. Brennan, 511 U.S. 825, 837 (1994). Specifically, 6 Plaintiff must allege “factual content,” Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678, which demonstrates “(a) a 7 purposeful act or failure to respond to [his] pain or possible medical need, and (b) harm 8 caused by the indifference.” Wilhelm, 680 F.3d at 1122 (citing Jett, 439 F.3d at 1096). 9 The requisite state of mind is one of subjective recklessness, which entails more than 10 ordinary lack of due care. Snow v. McDaniel, 681 F.3d 978, 985 (9th Cir. 2012) (citation 11 and quotation marks omitted); Wilhelm, 680 F.3d at 1122. 12 Here, while Plaintiff obviously disagrees with Defendants’ assessment of his need 13 for narcotics to treat his pain, his disagreement, without more, does not provide sufficient 14 “factual content” to plausibly suggest that either his treating physician, or the subsequent 15 medical officials who reviewed his records in conjunction with his CDC 602 health care 16 appeal in this case, acted with deliberate indifference. Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (“The 17 plausibility standard is not akin to a ‘probability requirement,’ but it ask for more than the 18 sheer possibility that a defendant has acted unlawfully.”). 19 “A difference of opinion between a physician and the prisoner–or between 20 medical professionals–concerning what medical care is appropriate does not amount to 21 deliberate indifference.” Snow, 681 F.3d at 987 (9th Cir. 2012) (citing Sanchez v. Vild, 22 891 F.2d 240, 242 (9th Cir. 1989)); Wilhelm, 680 F.3d at 1122-23. Rather, Plaintiff “must 23 show that the course of treatment the doctors chose was medically unacceptable under the 24 circumstances and that the defendants chose this course in conscious disregard of an 25 excessive risk to [his] health.” Snow, 681 F.3d at 988 (citing Jackson v. McIntosh, 90 26 F.3d 330, 332 (9th Cir. 1996)) (internal quotation marks omitted). Indeed, in Estelle the 27 Supreme Court rejected a prisoner’s Eighth Amendment claim that prison doctors should 28 have done more by way of diagnosis and treatment after he injured his back, and 9 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 emphasized that “the question whether an X-ray or additional diagnostic techniques or 2 forms of treatment is indicated is a classic example of a matter for medical judgment” 3 and “does not represent cruel and unusual punishment.” 429 U.S. at 107. 4 The same is true here as to Plaintiff’s alleged denial of morphine, which his 5 exhibits show was medically contraindicated given his condition, and which was not the 6 only source of pain relief offered. See also Toguchi, 391 F.3d at 1058 (rejecting 7 prisoner’s Eighth Amendment claim that “Seroquel is superior to Triafon” as a mere 8 “difference of medical opinion” insufficient to show deliberate indifference). “While 9 plaintiff is certainly free to refuse specific medications or types of medication, he does 10 not have a right to dictate what medications he will be prescribed.” Peacock v. Horowitz, 11 No. 2:13-CV-2506-TLN-ACP, 2016 WL 3940346, at *7 (E.D. Cal. July 21, 2016) (citing 12 Stiltner v. Rhay, 371 F.2d 420, 421 n.3 (9th Cir. 1967)). 13 Accordingly, the Court finds that Plaintiff has failed to adequate allege an Eighth 14 Amendment claim upon which § 1983 relief can be granted. See 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2), 15 1915A(b); Lopez, 203 F.3d at 1126-27; Rhodes, 621 F.3d at 1004. Because he is 16 proceeding without counsel, however, the Court having now provided him with “notice 17 of the deficiencies in his complaint,” will also grant Plaintiff an opportunity to amend it. 18 See Akhtar v. Mesa, 698 F.3d 1202, 1212 (9th Cir. 2012) (citing Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 19 F.2d 1258, 1261 (9th Cir. 1992)). 20 IV. Conclusion and Order 21 Good cause appearing, the Court: 22 1. 23 24 GRANTS Plaintiff’s Motion to Proceed IFP pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a) (ECF No. 2). 2. DIRECTS the Secretary of the CDCR, or his designee, to collect from 25 Plaintiff's prison trust account the $350 filing fee owed in this case by garnishing 26 monthly payments from his account in an amount equal to twenty percent (20%) of the 27 preceding month’s income and forwarding those payments to the Clerk of the Court each 28 time the amount in the account exceeds $10 pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(b)(2). ALL 10 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC 1 PAYMENTS SHALL BE CLEARLY IDENTIFIED BY THE NAME AND NUMBER 2 ASSIGNED TO THIS ACTION. 3 4 3. DIRECTS the Clerk of the Court to serve a copy of this Order on Scott Kernan, Secretary, CDCR, P.O. Box 942883, Sacramento, California, 94283-0001. 5 4. DENIES Plaintiff’s Motion to Appoint Counsel (ECF No. 3). 6 5. DISMISSES Plaintiff’s Complaint for failing to state a claim upon which 7 relief may be granted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) and § 1915A(b)(1), and 8 GRANTS him forty-five (45) days leave from the date of this Order in which to file an 9 Amended Complaint which cures all the deficiencies of pleading noted. Plaintiff’s 10 Amended Complaint must be complete by itself without reference to his original 11 pleading. Defendants not named and any claim not re-alleged in his Amended Complaint 12 will be considered waived. See S.D. CAL. CIVLR 15.1; Hal Roach Studios, Inc. v. Richard 13 Feiner & Co., Inc., 896 F.2d 1542, 1546 (9th Cir. 1989) (“[A]n amended pleading 14 supersedes the original.”); Lacey v. Maricopa Cnty., 693 F.3d 896, 928 (9th Cir. 2012) 15 (noting that claims dismissed with leave to amend which are not re-alleged in an 16 amended pleading may be “considered waived if not repled.”). 17 If Plaintiff fails to file an Amended Complaint within the time provided, the Court 18 will enter a final Order dismissing this civil action based both on Plaintiff’s failure to 19 state a claim upon which relief can be granted pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1915(e)(2)(B)(ii) 20 and 1915A(b)(1), and his failure to prosecute in compliance with a court order requiring 21 amendment. See Lira v. Herrera, 427 F.3d 1164, 1169 (9th Cir. 2005) (“If a plaintiff does 22 not take advantage of the opportunity to fix his complaint, a district court may convert the 23 dismissal of the complaint into dismissal of the entire action.”). 24 25 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: December 16, 2016 26 27 28 11 3:16-cv-2423-AJB-KSC