Verigy US, Inc. v. Mayder, et al, No. 5:2007cv04330 - Document 432 (N.D. Cal. 2008)

Court Description: REDACTED ORDER GRANTING IN PART 261 DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING 261 DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION. Signed by Judge Whyte on 11/18/08. (rmwlc2, COURT STAFF) (Filed on 11/18/2008)
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Verigy US, Inc. v. Mayder, et al 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Doc. 432 DANIEL J. BERGESON, Bar No. 105439 dbergeson@be-law.com MELINDA M. MORTON, Bar No. 209373 mmorton@be-law.com MICHAEL W. STEBBINS, Bar No. 138326 mstebbins@be-law.com BERGESON, LLP 303 Almaden Boulevard, Suite 500 San Jose, CA 95110-2712 Telephone: (408) 291-6200 Facsimile: (408) 297-6000 Attorneys for Plaintiff VERIGY US, INC. 8 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 11 SAN JOSE DIVISION 12 VERIGY US, INC, a Delaware Corporation, 13 STIPULATED REQUEST THAT PORTIONS OF ORDER GRANTING IN vs. PART DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND ROMI OMAR MAYDER, an individual; DENYING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR WESLEY MAYDER, an individual; SILICON MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY TEST SYSTEMS, INC., a California Corporation; and SILICON TEST SOLUTIONS, INJUNCTION BE REDACTED LLC, a California Limited Liability Corporation, inclusive, Judge: Honorable Ronald M. Whyte Defendants. Ctrm: 6, 4th Fl. 14 15 16 17 18 Case No. C07 04330 RMW (HRL) Plaintiff, 19 Complaint Filed: Bench Trial Date: 20 August 22, 2007 December 15, 2008 AND RELATED COUNTERCLAIMS 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 STIPULATED REQUEST C07-04330 RMW (HRL) Dockets.Justia.com 1 2 STIPULATED REQUEST Plaintiff, Verigy US, Inc. (“Verigy”), by and through its counsel of record, Bergeson, LLP, 3 and Defendants Romi Omar Mayder, an individual, Silicon Test Systems, Inc. a California 4 Corporation, and Silicon Test Solutions, LLC ( collectively “Defendants”) by and through their 5 counsel of record, Russo & Hale LLP, do hereby request that the Order Granting in Part 6 Defendants’ Motion for Summary Adjudication and Denying Defendants’ Motion for 7 Modification of Preliminary Injunction be redacted as shown in the proposed redacted order which 8 is attached hereto as Exhibit “A”. In so stipulating, (a) Defendants are not agreeing that redacted 9 material constitutes trade secrets of Verigy; and (b) both parties reserve all of their rights under the 10 protective order. 11 IT IS SO STIPULATED. 12 Dated: November 11, 2008 BERGESON, LLP 13 By: ________/s/_____________ Colin G. McCarthy, Esq. Attorneys for Plaintiff VERIGY US, INC. 14 15 16 17 Dated: November 11, 2008 RUSSO & HALE, LLP 18 By: ______/s/_______________ John Kelley, Esq. Attorneys for Defendants ROMI OMAR MAYDER, WESLEY MAYDER, SILICON TEST SYSTEMS, INC., and SILICON TEST SOLUTIONS, LLC 19 20 21 22 23 ORDER 24 25 In consideration of the foregoing stipulated request and good cause appearing therefor, IT 26 IS SO ORDERED. 27 11/18/08 DATED: _____________________, 2008 ________________________________ HONORABLE RONALD M. WHYTE U. S. DISTRICT COURT JUDGE 28 1 STIPULATED REQUEST C07-04330 RMW (HRL) EXHIBIT “A” 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 2 STIPULATED REQUEST C07-04330 RMW (HRL) 1 2 3 4 E-FILED on 11/04/08 5 6 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 SAN JOSE DIVISION 11 12 VERIGY US, INC. , 13 14 15 16 17 No. C-07-04330 RMW Plaintiff, v. ROMI OMAR MAYDER; WESLEY MAYDER; SILICON TEST SYSTEMS, INC.; and SILICON TEST SOLUTIONS, LLC, Defendants. 18 ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION [Re Docket No. 261] [UNREDACTED—FILED UNDER SEAL] 19 20 21 Defendants Romi Mayder ("R. Mayder"), Wesley Mayder ("W. Mayder") and Silicon Test 22 Systems, Inc. and Silicon Test Solutions, LLC (collectively the "STS Entities") seek summary 23 judgment on plaintiff's ninth cause of action under the Lanham Act. Defendants' motion also asks 24 the court to modify the preliminary injunction entered against R. Mayder and the STS Entities on 25 February 29, 2008 and extended by the court's May 22, 2008 contempt order. For the reasons set 26 forth below, the court grants defendants' motion regarding plaintiffs' Lanham Act claim to the extent 27 it is based upon reverse passing off by the defendants. The court denies the request to modify the 28 extended preliminary injunction. [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 1 2 A. 3 On August 24, 2007, the court granted Verigy's application for a TRO until the hearing on Procedural History 4 Verigy's motion for a preliminary injunction, which the court set for September 7, 2007. The parties 5 stipulated to move the hearing to October 19, 2007 and then again stipulated to move the hearing to 6 December 14, 2007, all the while keeping the TRO in effect. See, e.g., Stipulation and Order, 7 Docket Nos. 33, 86. 8 United States District Court For the Northern District of California I. BACKGROUND The TRO enjoined defendants from, among other things, "accessing, . . . disclosing, using, 9 marketing, disseminating, . . . , making any use of, [and/or] attempting to disclose or use" (1) any of 10 the Trade Secret Property enumerated in Exhibit A of the TRO; and (2) any product "developed with 11 the use of, derived from, or incorporating all or any part of Verigy's Trade Secret Property." The 12 Trade Secret Property as defined in Exhibit A to the TRO includes, in relevant part: 13 14 Inventions, designs, plans, know-how, research, techniques, proprietary or confidential information, tools, processes, software, hardware, economics and/or research and development relating to: (a) The projects code-named: 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 (b) The projects code-named by Mayder as Picaso and Picasso; ... (l) Verigy's non-public RFQs and associated documents; ... (u) Exhibits A and B to the Lee Declaration submitted in support of Verigy's Application for a TRO; and (v) Exhibits A, B, C, D, E, and F to the Pochowski Declaration submitted in support of Verigy's Application for a TRO. TRO, Ex. A ¶ 1. Trade Secret Property also includes: Inventions, designs, plans, know-how, research, techniques, proprietary or confidential information, tools, processes, software, hardware, economics and/or research and development relating to the filed September 28, 2006 and any provisional patent applications patent applications or patents claiming priority to 24 25 Id. ¶ 5. As discussed in further detail below, defendants themselves, as opposed to their counsel, 26 only saw a redacted version of the TRO because Verigy designated the TRO "Highly Confidential" 27 and thus for attorney's eyes only. 28 C. Preliminary Injunction Order [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 2 1 2 was clear that Mayder had based the STS entities' original project, code named Picasso on the 3 project he had worked on at Verigy. Preliminary Injunction Order, Docket No. 171, at 4 15-16. Analyzing defendants' argument that Flash Enhancer does not utilize Verigy's trade secrets, 5 the court found that many features that defendants contended were solely related to their 6 development efforts on behalf of Intel and directed toward Intel's unique customer requirements 7 were present in the Picasso documentation prior to defendants receiving Intel's customer 8 requirements in November 2006. Id. at 19-21. Although the court acknowledged that Flash 9 Enhancer had some distinct features from Picasso, it stated "[t]hese features are unique, but appear 10 United States District Court For the Northern District of California On February 29, 2008, the court entered a Preliminary Injunction Order, concluding that it to be enhancements built atop the foundation that was based originally on " With respect to defendants' 11 12 argument that Flash Enhancer was directed toward NOR flash memory testing while 13 Picasso were related to NAND flash memory testing, the court likewise concluded, and 14 15 16 17 Id. at 23. 18 Overall, the court concluded its analysis as follows: 19 Based upon the evidence before it, the court concludes that STS's product was based upon the . As set forth above, Mayder admits to having used . Further, he submitted the a vendor with whom he was familiar because of his work at Verigy on The misappropriation of combined with the exploitation of Verigy s resulted in defendants obtaining a head start in developing their fan-out testing solutions and Flash Enhancer. 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 On the evidence presented, the court further concludes that Flash Enhancer, even though now directed toward testing NOR memory rather than NAND, is substantially based upon Verigy's trade secrets It is clear that defendants' current product Flash Enhancer, is, at the very least, It appears, however, that Flash Enhancer has some relatively significant changes from , including and some features added based on customer [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 3 1 6 requirements that were not originally collected by Verigy. Accordingly, the court cannot say that Flash Enhancer is solely an embodiment of Verigy's trade secrets. However, Flash Enhancer product clearly benefitted from the lead time that Mayder did not have to expend to get to the starting point represented Further by having the customer requirements Verigy collected from in hand when approaching Intel and Spansion, it appears that defendants may have had an unwarranted competitive advantage. Understanding the requirements of other vendors may have permitted defendants to make a more convincing presentation to STS customers and thus win business they might not have been able to secure had they started without the information obtained from Verigy. 7 Id. at 23-24. The Preliminary Injunction Order enjoined defendants for five months from directly or 8 indirectly marketing, distributing, selling, licensing, leasing, transferring or disposing of Picasso, 9 Flash Enhancer or any product developed with the use of, derived from, or incorporating all or any 2 3 4 5 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 10 part of Picasso or Flash Enhancer. Id. at 28. 11 C. Contempt Order 12 Prior to the preliminary injunction hearing, Verigy moved on December 3, 2007 for an order 13 to show cause why R. Mayder and the STS entities should not be held in contempt for violating the 14 February 29, 2008 TRO. In its Preliminary Injunction Order, the court issued an order to show 15 cause regarding the alleged violation of the TRO, ordering that "[d]efendants shall show cause why 16 they should not be held in contempt for violating the court's temporary restraining order dated 17 August 24, 2007 by continuing to use and disclose Verigy's Trade Secret information by continuing 18 to work with Intel regarding STS's Flash Enhancer solution. Id. at 28. 19 At the hearing, defendants were represented by their prior counsel. The court found that 20 Verigy had not presented clear and convincing evidence that defendants' interactions with Intel had 21 occurred after the issuance of the TRO and that the access and use of an electronic copy of Exhibit A 22 to the Lee Declaration after the litigation commenced at the offices of Chris Straube, Honeywell's 23 sales representative, was at best a technical violation that was not sanctionable by contempt. 24 However, the court found R. Mayder and the STS entities to be in contempt of the TRO for 25 continuing to develop the Flash Enhancer product,1 which the court found to be substantially based 26 27 28 1 The court's contempt order originally stated that W. Mayder should be held in contempt along with R. Mayder and the STS entities, although Verigy did not seek to hold W. Mayder in contempt. The parties have since stipulated to correct the contempt order to exclude W. Mayder. See Docket No. [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 4 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 1 upon Verigy's trade secrets because it constituted an evolution of the Picasso ASIC that was based 2 on R. Mayder's work on the 3 STS issued a press release entitled "US Court Denies Injunction Sought by Verigy" regarding the 4 disposition of Verigy's request for a preliminary injunction, that the court determined could not "be 5 viewed as other than as a deliberately misleading statement as to what the court ordered" and that 6 the press release "causes the court to question defendants' intent to comply with the TRO and 7 appears to be indirect marketing of STS's products." Contempt Order, Docket No. 212 at 12. 8 Nevertheless, the court found that "the release does not directly advertise nor does it show use of 9 Verigy's confidential information" and did not find that to be the basis for imposing the contempt project while he was employed by Verigy. It also noted that 10 sanction. Id. As a result of its findings, the court extended the duration of the preliminary 11 injunction by four months – from five months from February 29, 2008 to nine months from February 12 29, 2008 – as a sanction for defendants' contempt. Following the issuance of the contempt order, 13 defendants replaced their prior counsel with their current counsel. 14 II. ANALYSIS 15 A. 16 Defendants contend that the undisputed facts establish that Verigy cannot show reverse Verigy's Lanham Act Claim 17 passing off with respect to Verigy's claim for false designation of origin brought under the Lanham 18 Act. The Ninth Circuit "has established a rigorous test for proving 'reverse passing off' under the 19 Lanham Act. It is not enough that the misattributed material is 'substantially similar;' instead, there 20 must be 'bodily appropriation.'" Cleary v. News Corp., 30 F.3d 1255, 1261 (9th Cir. 1994). Here, 21 although Verigy argues that defendants have "with only nominal alteration" put their name on the 22 Verigy specification R. Mayder developed, there can be no bodily appropriation of any product. 23 Verigy has repeatedly acknowledged in hearings before this court that Verigy never produced a 24 product based upon the project with which Mayder was involved while he was employed by Verigy. 25 Without such a product, there can be no reverse passing off within the meaning of the Lanham Act. 26 27 28 233. [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 5 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 1 In support of its reverse passing off contention, Verigy seeks to analogize the Picasso 2 specification to an architectural plan in order to show that there has been "bodily appropriation" 3 within the meaning of the Lanham Act. They also seek to analogize the present case to a recently 4 decided case from the District Court for the Eastern District of California, in which the court found a 5 sufficient Lanham Act claim was alleged where defendant had misappropriated the plaintiff's 6 patterns, used the patterns to manufacture identical products, and stamped defendant's name on the 7 products to pass them off as their own. GNI Waterman LLC v. A/M Valve Company LLC, No. CV F 8 07-0863 LJO TAG, 2007 WL 2669503, at *5 (E.D. Cal. Sept. 7, 2007). The court finds, however, 9 that GNI Waterman is distinguishable, particularly in light of the Supreme Court's decision in 10 Dastar Corp. v. Twentieth Century Fox Film Corp., 539 U.S. 23, 37 (2003), in which the Supreme 11 Court concluded that the phrase "origin of goods" in the Lanham Act "refers to the producer of the 12 tangible goods that are offered for sale, and not to the author of any idea, concept, or communication 13 embodied in those goods." The "origin" of the specification at issue refers not to the producer of any 14 tangible good offered for sale, but of the concept of the tester embodied in the specification that 15 Verigy has accused defendants of shopping around. Further, as discussed in the court's prior orders, 16 it is clear that R. Mayder and STS in the development of Flash Enhancer have made more than 17 nominal changes to the alleged trade secrets that R. Mayder is accused of misappropriating from 18 Verigy. These changes preclude a finding of bodily appropriation as required for reverse passing 19 off. 20 However, there are two prongs of § 43(a)(1): reverse passing off and false advertising. 21 Classic Media, Inc. v. Mewborn, 532 F.3d 978, 990 (9th Cir. 2008) (citing Dastar, 539 U.S. at 31 22 and noting that the Supreme Court's decision in Dastar was limited to the first prong of 15 U.S.C. § 23 1125(a)(1), which concerns false designation of origin). In addition to the reverse passing off aspect 24 of Verigy's Lanham Act claim, Verigy also asserts that defendants are falsely advertising that they 25 have "invented a new paradigm for substantially increasing parallelism of ATE test cells," as set 26 forth on the STS website at www.silicontests.com. Defendants have made no showing that they are 27 entitled to summary judgment with respect to Verigy's claim for false advertising under the Lanham 28 Act. Accordingly, the court grants summary adjudication as to Verigy's Lanham Act claim only to [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 6 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 1 the extent Verigy asserts to claim that defendants have engaged in reverse passing off by their sale 2 or marketing of Flash Enhancer or prior versions of the STS products. 3 B. Modification of the Preliminary Injunction Order 4 Defendants' motion also asks the court to modify the preliminary injunction order. As an 5 initial matter, Verigy renews its contention that the motion to modify the preliminary injunction 6 order is a motion for reconsideration. The court previously viewed this portion of defendants' 7 motion was as one made under Rule 60(b). Defendants contend that modification is appropriate 8 under Rule 60(b)(5) because under the circumstances of this case applying the preliminary 9 injunction is "no longer equitable." Defendants also contend that modification is appropriate under 10 Rule 60(b)(2) because of the existence of newly discovered evidence that could not with reasonable 11 diligence have discovered in time for the preliminary injunction hearing. Subsequent to the court's 12 ruling on Verigy's motion for clarification, the court identified a Ninth Circuit case that clearly holds 13 that Rule 60(b) does not apply to preliminary injunctions. Prudential Real Estate Affiliates, Inc. v. 14 PPR Realty, Inc., 204 F.3d 867, 880 (9th Cir. 2000) (a preliminary injunction is not a "final 15 judgment, order, or proceeding" that may be addressed by a motion under Rule 60(b)). However, 16 since a preliminary injunction is not a final order, the court has inherent power to modify it. 17 Defendants assert that there have been "significant changes in both legal and factual 18 circumstances" that warrant revision of the preliminary injunction because these changes impact the 19 assessment of the likelihood of success, the extent of irreparable harm, balance of hardships and 20 changes in the public interest. First, defendants contend that this court's order in Hologic, Inc. v. 21 SenoRx, Inc., 2008 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 36693 (N.D. Cal. Apr. 25, 2008), which was issued two 22 months after the preliminary injunction order, represents a change in law sufficient to justify the 23 modification of the preliminary injunction order. The court disagrees. In Hologic, the court applied 24 eBay, Inc. v. MercExchange, 547 U.S. 388 (2006), in the context of a motion for a preliminary 25 injunction in a patent case. The court determined that the presumption of irreparable harm did not 26 obtain in the context of a preliminary injunction. eBay was law at the time of the preliminary 27 injunction; the split in courts applying eBay in the preliminary injunction context that was noted by 28 [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 7 1 this court in the Hologic order likewise existed at the time of the preliminary injunction. The 2 Hologic decision does not represent a new law. United States District Court For the Northern District of California 3 Defendants also contend that "[t]he volumes of evidence presented in the Dr. Blanchard 4 Decl. and the R. Mayder Decl. submitted with Defendants' moving papers" for the instant motion 5 represent "significant change in circumstances." They assert that these documents were not 6 submitted before the preliminary injunction order issued and thus constitute "a change in factual 7 conditions" sufficient to warrant the court's reconsideration of the appropriateness of the injunction. 8 Reply at 3, 6. Defendants present little argument regarding these "volumes of evidence," referring 9 instead to the Declaration of Dr. Blanchard. Dr. Blanchard's declaration contains little more than the 10 conclusory statement that the published patents and patent applications attached to his declaration as 11 exhibits B through U demonstrate that (1) "the overall concept for probe card circuit multiplexing 12 technology is publicly available or well known in the semiconductor test industry"; (2) that the 13 documents R. Mayder is alleged to have misappropriated "are all based on information that is 14 publicly available or well known in the semiconductor test industry"; (3) that the key functionalities 15 that the court determined were missing from the patent materials previously presented in support of 16 the preliminary injunction are "either (I) publicly available or well known in the semiconductor test 17 industry, (ii) readily ascertainable, or (iii) the type of information that I would expect would be 18 specified by the requirements of a particular customer of the semiconductor test industry"; and (4) 19 that daisy chain technology was well known in the industry. Blanchard Decl. ¶ 8(a)-(d). This 20 "analysis" does not explain how any of the cited references supports any of Dr. Blanchard's 21 assertions. The court does not find this evidence persuasive in light of the lack of specificity of Dr. 22 Blanchard's opinions regarding these newly-submitted documents. 23 The potentially most persuasive aspect of defendants' motion is their citation to the United 24 States Patent Application Publication No. US 2007/0247140 ("the '140 Application"). The '140 25 Application was filed by Verigy on April 24, 2006 and published on October 25, 2007. It lists R. 26 Mayder as an inventor and is titled "Apparatus, Systems and Methods for Processing Signals 27 Between a Tester and a Plurality of Devices under Test at High Temperatures and With Single 28 Touchdown of a Probe Array." Blanchard Decl., Ex. G. In his deposition, Verigy's expert, Wei [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 8 1 2 Wei, discussed the Decl. Wei Wei, Ex. A, 11/20/08 Dep. 92:20-22 . Wei states that 3 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 4 Id. at 94:25-95:17. 5 Although defendants' expert presents no opinion on the subject and defendants rely solely on the 6 argument of counsel to make the point, it could certainly be that the publication of this patent 7 application revealed some of the functionality that Verigy now claims as trade secret. At oral 8 argument, defendants' counsel assured the court that taking the functionality described in the '140 9 patent and placing it on an ASIC was well-known and obvious. But attorney argument is not 10 evidence, and, unfortunately, moving functionality to an ASIC is certainly not something that is 11 sufficiently well-known that the court could take judicial notice of it. Without more, the court is 12 unable to determine whether Verigy's claimed trade secret combination was revealed in its entirety 13 in the '140 Application. 14 This application was published and available at the time of the preliminary injunction 15 hearing, and, in fact, it is defendants' prior counsel who questioned Wei at his November 7, 2007 16 deposition about the '140 Application. Because this topic was discussed at Wei's November 2007 17 deposition, it is clear that this information was available to defendants at the time of the preliminary 18 injunction and contempt hearings. Nevertheless, defendants' prior counsel did not argue that the 19 existence of the '140 Application should have any impact on the court's rulings. 20 Defendants contend that only their former counsel was served with an unredacted copy of the 21 TRO and that he failed to request that defendants (or their expert Richard Blanchard) be permitted to 22 review an unredacted version. See, e.g., Decl. Romi Mayder ("R. Mayder Decl.") ¶¶ 5-10. This, 23 according to defendants, resulted in them having an incomplete understanding as to what actions 24 were enjoined by the TRO. Id. ¶ 10. Although they did not have access to the unredacted TRO, 25 they were apparently told by prior counsel that they could continue to develop the Flash Enhancer, 26 as development was already in progress and the TRO was designed to preserve the status quo. Id. ¶ 27 17. This continuation of the Flash Enhancer development ultimately led the court to find them in 28 contempt for violating a TRO that defendants claim never to have seen. Defendants claim their [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 9 1 unwitting violation of the TRO makes the court contempt order and its extension of the originally- 2 issued 5-month preliminary injunction by an additional 4 months inequitable to apply going forward. United States District Court For the Northern District of California 3 The substitution by defendants of new counsel, even assuming that prior counsel failed to 4 raise the arguments now being made and failed to negotiate access to an unredacted version of the 5 TRO, is not a sufficient change in factual circumstances to warrant this court's revisiting its 6 preliminary injunction and contempt rulings. 7 C. 8 Defendants seek summary adjudication "that, as a matter of law, material contained in a Trade Secret Information in Published Patents or Patent Applications 9 public patent or patent application cannot constitute trade secrets of Verigy, and that none of the 10 information contained in the patents and patent applications submitted to the Court in connection 11 with this Motion . . . can constitute trade secrets of Verigy." Mot. at 10. They further assert that 12 they are "entitled to summary adjudication that (a) each of the patents or patent applications 13 submitted by declaration on this Motion are in the public domain and (b) to the extent they contain 14 any of Verigy's alleged trade secrets, such information cannot qualify as trade secrets in this action." 15 Id. at 11. It would appear that defendants to ask the court to grant summary adjudication on a point 16 of law that neither side disputes, without any particular application to the facts of this case. The 17 court suspects that defendants ultimately seek to argue that the trade secrets Verigy asserts have 18 been disclosed in patents or published patent applications. But a factual question remains as to 19 whether Verigy's asserted trade secrets are, indeed, disclosed in any such patent or application. The 20 court does not find this to be a matter that is appropriately the subject of summary adjudication at 21 this time. III. ORDER 22 23 For the foregoing reasons, the court dismisses Verigy's Lanham Act claim to the extent it 24 seeks to hold defendants liable for false designation of origin for reverse passing off. Defendants' 25 motion for summary judgment is otherwise denied. The motion to modify the preliminary injunction 26 as extended is denied. 27 28 [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 10 1 An unredacted copy of this order will be publicly filed within seven (7) days of the date of 2 this order, absent a meritorious request by a party that certain portions of the order be redacted from 3 the publicly filed copy. 4 5 6 DATED: 11/03/08 RONALD M. WHYTE United States District Judge 7 8 9 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 11 1 Notice of this document has been electronically sent to: 2 Counsel for Plaintiff: 3 4 Melinda Morton Daniel J. Bergeson John W. Fowler 5 Counsel for Defendants: 6 Jack Russo mmorton@be-law.com dbergeson@be-law.com jfowler@be-law.com jrusso@computerlaw.com 7 8 Counsel are responsible for distributing copies of this document to co-counsel that have not registered for e-filing under the court's CM/ECF program. 9 United States District Court For the Northern District of California 10 11 Dated: 11/04/08 Chambers of Judge Whyte 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 [UNREDACTED UNDER SEAL] ORDER GRANTING IN PART DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR SUMMARY ADJUDICATION AND DENYING DEFENDANTS' MOTION FOR MODIFICATION OF PRELIMINARY INJUNCTION—No. C-07-04330 RMW MAG 12