(HC) Chaudhry v. Barr et al, No. 2:2019cv00682 - Document 22 (E.D. Cal. 2021)

Court Description: ORDER signed by District Judge Troy L. Nunley on 2/12/21 ADOPTING in PART and DENYING in PART 16 Findings and Recommendations. Respondents' 7 Motion to Dismiss for Mootness; Response to Order to Show Cause is DENIED. Respondents' 21 Renewed Motion to Dismiss based on the United States Status Update is GRANTED. The Petition 1 and 3 Motion for Preliminary Injunction are DISMISSED as moot. CASE CLOSED (Kastilahn, A)
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(HC) Chaudhry v. Barr et al Doc. 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 RAMZAN ALI CHAUDHRY, 12 13 14 No. 2:19-cv-00682-TLN-DMC Petitioner, ORDER v. WILLIAM P. BARR, et al., 15 Respondents. 16 17 Petitioner Ramzan Ali Chaudhry (“Petitioner”), proceeding with retained counsel, brings 18 this Petition for a Writ of Habeas Corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241. The matter was referred 19 to a United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to Eastern District of California Local Rule 20 302(c)(21). 21 On August 7, 2019, the magistrate judge filed findings and recommendations which were 22 served on the parties and which contained notice that any objections to the findings and 23 recommendations were to be filed within fourteen (14) days after service of the findings and 24 recommendations. (ECF No. 16.) On September 11, 2019, Respondents filed the “Government’s 25 Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations” (ECF No. 20), which have 26 been considered by the Court. On February 25, 2020, Respondents filed the “United States’ 27 Status Update; Renewed Motion to Dismiss.” (ECF No. 21.) No further response has been 28 submitted by Petitioner. 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 This Court reviews de novo those portions of the proposed findings of fact to which 2 objections have been made. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); McDonnell Douglas Corp. v. Commodore 3 Business Machines, 656 F.2d 1309, 1313 (9th Cir. 1981), cert. denied, 455 U.S. 920 (1982). As 4 to any portion of the proposed findings of fact to which no objection has been made, the Court 5 assumes its correctness and decides the motions on the applicable law. See Orand v. United 6 States, 602 F.2d 207, 208 (9th Cir. 1979). The magistrate judge’s conclusions of law are 7 reviewed de novo. See Britt v. Simi Valley Unified Sch. Dist., 708 F.2d 452, 454 (9th Cir. 1983). 8 9 10 Having carefully reviewed the entire file under the applicable legal standards, and good cause appearing, the Court finds that it is appropriate to adopt in part and reject in part the Findings and Recommendations for the reasons stated herein. 11 Petitioner initiated his first petition for writ of habeas corpus before another court in the 12 Eastern District on February 20, 2019, seemingly challenging the merits of his final removal 13 order after the Ninth Circuit denied review of the Immigration Judge’s denial of his initial 14 application for asylum and emergency motion for stay of deportation.1 (See ECF No. 16 at 2); 15 Chaudhry v. Barr, No. 2:19-cv-00327-JAM-GGH (E.D. Cal. 2019), ECF No. 1. The court 16 dismissed that petition for lack of jurisdiction. Id. at ECF Nos. 6, 8–9. 17 On April 22, 2019, Petitioner initiated his second Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus, as 18 well as a Motion for Preliminary Injunction (“PI”), before this Court. (ECF Nos. 1, 3.) 19 Construing the Motion for PI as a Motion for a Temporary Restraining Order, the Court granted 20 the Motion on May 7, 2019, and ordered Respondents to show cause why Petitioner’s PI should 21 not be granted. (ECF No. 5.) In response to the order to show cause, Respondents filed a 22 “Motion to Dismiss for Mootness; Response to Order to Show Cause,” in which they sought 23 dismissal on the basis that Petitioner had already been released from immigration detention and 24 removed from the United States on April 23, 2019. (See ECF No. 7.) Petitioner opposed the 25 26 27 28 1 Petitioner also filed a motion to reopen based on changed country conditions with the Board of Immigration Appeals (“BIA”), as well as an emergency motion for stay of deportation. (See ECF No. 16 at 2.) The BIA denied the emergency motion for stay, and the Ninth Circuit dismissed the appeal of the BIA’s denial because the denial of a stay is not a final order of removal. (Id.) However, the motion to reopen remained pending. (Id.) 2 1 Motion and provided a status report to the Court indicating he is in hiding in Pakistan and 2 surviving on money sent from his family in the United States while he awaits the BIA’s ruling on 3 his motion to reopen. (See ECF No. 11.) Thereafter, the magistrate judge ordered the parties to 4 submit supplemental briefing on the issues of subject matter jurisdiction and whether Petitioner’s 5 deportation rendered the case moot. (See ECF No. 12.) On August 7, 2019, the magistrate judge 6 issued the Findings and Recommendations currently under review. (ECF No. 16.) 7 As to the jurisdictional issue, the magistrate judge found that: (1) there exists a procedural 8 gap in the statutory framework of immigration proceedings in which an alien who exercises his 9 statutory right to file a motion to reopen but is not granted a stay of removal pending resolution of 10 that motion remains vulnerable to imminent or actual deportation; (2) this procedural gap gives 11 rise to potential due process violations because, as here, the alien would be denied an opportunity 12 to be heard and therefore unable to meaningfully present his motion before the immigration court; 13 and (3) a district court may exercise jurisdiction over a petition asserting due process claims 14 arising from such circumstances, as it is deemed to be a “general collateral challenge[] to 15 unconstitutional practices and policies used by the agency” and not a direct challenge to the 16 merits of the immigration claim; and because (4) if the court had no jurisdiction to hear this case, 17 Petitioner would have no adequate and effective remedy under the statutory framework to combat 18 the ongoing due process deprivation of his statutory right to move to reopen his case. (See id. at 19 5–15 (citing Mata v. Lynch, 135 S. Ct. 2150, 2153 (2015); Sied v. Nielsen, No. 17-6785-LB, 2018 20 WL 1142202, at *7–9, 11, 21 (N.D. Cal. Mar. 2, 2018), appeal dismissed, No. 18-16128, 2018 21 WL 6624692 (9th Cir. Sept. 14, 2018); Devitri v. Cronen, 290 F. Supp. 3d 86, 92–93 (D. Mass. 22 2017); Barahona-Gomez v. Reno, 236 F.3d 1115, 1118 (9th Cir. 2001)).) 23 As to the mootness issue, the magistrate judge found the Petition was not rendered moot 24 solely as a consequence of Petitioner’s deportation because the Petition was filed while Petitioner 25 was in custody and Petitioner continued to suffer “collateral consequences” of his removal that 26 were redressable by the relief sought in the Petition. (ECF No. 16 at 15–24 (citing Abdala v. 27 I.N.S., 488 F.3d 1061, 1063–65 (9th Cir. 2007)).) Namely, Petitioner’s inability to reasonably 28 pursue his motion to reopen with the BIA would be redressed by an order mandating Petitioner be 3 1 returned to the United States in order to appear before the BIA on his motion. (See id. at 23.) 2 The magistrate judge further recognized that such an order would not directly address the ten-year 3 reentry bar Petitioner faces, but it would give Petitioner access to the BIA, the agency empowered 4 to remove the ten-year bar. (Id.) Based on these findings, the magistrate judge recommended 5 Respondents’ Motion to Dismiss be denied, Respondents be ordered to parole Petitioner back to 6 the United States, and a PI be issued enjoining Petitioner’s removal from the United States until 7 either: (a) a final non-appealable decision vacating Petitioner’s removal order is issued; (b) 8 Petitioner fails to timely petition the Ninth Circuit for review of a final adverse ruling from the 9 BIA on his motion to reopen and file a simultaneous motion to stay removal; or (c) the Ninth 10 11 Circuit renders a decision on a motion to stay removal. (See id. at 25–26.) Subsequent to their Objections, on February 25, 2020, Respondents filed the “United 12 States’ Status Update; Renewed Motion to Dismiss,” indicating new developments in Petitioner’s 13 BIA case. (ECF No. 21.) Specifically, Respondents note the BIA denied Petitioner’s motion to 14 reopen on January 29, 2020, and Petitioner has no further matters pending before the immigration 15 court. (Id. at 1–2.) Respondents have renewed their Motion to Dismiss for mootness based on 16 this additional ground. (See id.) 17 The Court adopts the magistrate judge’s findings that it may exercise jurisdiction over the 18 Petition. The Court further adopts the finding that the Petition was not rendered moot by the 19 mere fact that Petitioner was already deported because redressable collateral consequences 20 resulted from the deportation. Moreover, the Court agrees that the recommendations would 21 redress the “collateral consequences” of Petitioner’s removal, i.e., his inability to reasonably 22 pursue his motion to reopen with the BIA and (derivatively) the statutory bar preventing him from 23 reentering the United States for ten years. 24 Nonetheless, even while the Court generally agrees with the whole of the magistrate 25 judge’s findings, Respondents correctly note in their supplemental briefing that the purpose and 26 basis for these recommendations — specifically, to parole Petitioner back to the United States in 27 order to permit him to be reasonably heard on his motion to reopen — has been rendered moot by 28 the BIA’s subsequent denial of Petitioner’s motion to reopen. (ECF No. 21.) Moreover, based on 4 1 Respondents’ representation that Petitioner has no other litigation related to his motion to reopen 2 or asylum claim pending (id. at 2), it appears Petitioner also has no appeals of any BIA denials 3 pending before the Ninth Circuit. As such, this Court agrees that no further relief can be granted 4 here. Therefore, the Court rejects the Findings and Recommendations to the extent that it finds 5 dismissal for mootness is appropriate at this time. 6 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 7 1. The Findings and Recommendations filed August 7, 2019 (ECF No. 16), are adopted 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 in part and rejected in part as follows: a. Respondents’ Motion to Dismiss for Mootness; Response to Order to Show Cause (ECF No. 7) is DENIED; b. Respondents’ Renewed Motion to Dismiss based on the United States’ Status Update (ECF No. 21) is GRANTED; and c. The Petition (ECF No. 1) and Motion for Preliminary Injunction (ECF No. 3) are DISMISSED as moot. 15 2. The Clerk of the Court is directed to close this case. 16 IT IS SO ORDERED. 17 DATED: February 12, 2021 18 19 20 Troy L. Nunley United States District Judge 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 5