(PC) Allen v. Wells, et al., No. 2:2017cv01793 - Document 11 (E.D. Cal. 2018)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Edmund F. Brennan on 7/2/2018 RECOMMENDING 9 Motion to Proceed In Forma Pauperis be denied and Plaintiff be required to pay the filing fee of $400.00 in full within 21 days of any order adopting these findings and recommendations and admonished that failure to timely comply will result in the dismissal of this action. Referred to Judge Morrison C. England, Jr. Objections due within 14 days after being served with these findings and recommendations. (Henshaw, R)
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(PC) Allen v. Wells, et al. Doc. 11 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 MICHAEL DEWAYNE ALLEN, 12 13 14 15 No. 2:17-cv-1793 MCE EFB P Plaintiff, v. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS WELLS, et al., Defendants. 16 17 Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel in an action brought under 42 18 U.S.C. § 1983. Plaintiff has filed an application to proceed in forma pauperis. ECF No. 9. After 19 review of plaintiff’s litigative history, the court concludes that he is a “three-striker” within the 20 meaning of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). 21 The Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 permits any court of the United States to 22 authorize the commencement and prosecution of any suit without prepayment of fees by a person 23 who submits an affidavit indicating that the person is unable to pay such fees; however, 24 25 26 27 [i]n no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury. 28 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). The court takes judicial notice1 of the following lawsuits previously filed 2 by plaintiff: 3 (1) Allen v. Social Security Administration, 2:11-cv-04253 UA E (C.D. Cal. Jun. 22, 4 2011), denying filing of complaint without prepayment of full filing fee after 5 determining that complaint was frivolous, malicious, or failed to state a complaint 6 upon which relief could be granted. Id., ECF No. 2.2 7 (2) Allen v. C.S.P. –Los Angeles County, 2:12-cv-08338 DMG E (C.D. Cal. May 1, 2013), 8 initial complaint dismissed for failure to state a claim and action dismissed after 9 plaintiff failed to submit an amended complaint within the allotted time. Id., ECF No. 12.3 10 11 (3) Allen v. Masameno, 2:12-cv-09981 DMG E (C.D. Cal. Feb, 20, 2014), initial 12 complaint dismissed for failure to state a claim and action dismissed after plaintiff 13 failed to submit an amended complaint within the allotted time. Id., ECF No. 19. 14 15 16 ///// 1 Judicial notice may be taken of court records. Valerio v. Boise Cascade Corp., 80 F.R.D. 626, 635 n.1 (N.D. Cal. 1978), aff’d, 645 F.2d 699 (9th Cir.), cert. denied, 454 U.S. 1126 (1981). 17 2 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 The Ninth Circuit has determined that an action that was similarly adjudicated – that is, denied filing without prepayment of full filing fee – constituted a strike. See O'Neal v. Price, 531 F.3d 1146, 1155 (9th Cir. 2008). 3 In a recent decision, the Ninth Circuit held that: There is nothing in § 1915(g) that suggests a dismissal for failure to state a claim only counts as a strike when the complaint is obviously unsalvageable on its face. We have previously held that “[l]eave to amend should be granted if it appears at all possible that the plaintiff can correct the defect” and that opportunities to amend are “particularly important for the pro se litigant.” Crowley v. Bannister, 734 F.3d 967, 977-78 (9th Cir. 2013) (emphasis added in Crowley) (quoting Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130-31 (9th Cir. 2000)). In light of this “longstanding rule,” Lopez, 203 F.3d at 1130, district courts may routinely give pro se plaintiffs opportunities to amend their complaints regardless of how meritless their claims may appear. A prisoner may not avoid incurring strikes simply by declining to take advantage of these opportunities to amend. Harris v. Mangum, 863 F.3d 1133, 1142-1143 (9th Cir. 2017). 2 1 The court’s review of the above records reveals that on at least three occasions, lawsuits 2 filed by plaintiff have been dismissed on the grounds that they were frivolous or malicious or 3 failed to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. Therefore, this court finds that plaintiff 4 is precluded from proceeding in forma pauperis in this action unless plaintiff is “under imminent 5 danger of serious physical injury.” 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g). To meet the exception, plaintiff must 6 have alleged facts that demonstrate that he was “under imminent danger of serious physical 7 injury” at the time of filing the complaint. Andrews v. Cervantes, 493 F.3d 1047, 1053 (9th Cir. 8 2007) (holding that “it is the circumstances at the time of the filing of the complaint that matters 9 for purposes of the ‘imminent danger’ exception under § 1915(g).”). 10 Plaintiff has not alleged any facts which suggest that he is under imminent danger of 11 serious physical injury. Plaintiff alleges that, on May 7, 2017, he told defendants Wells and 12 Stratton that he was suicidal and that he had swallowed pills with the intention of overdosing. 13 ECF No. 1 at 3. He claims that these defendants ignored these statements, leaving him to deal 14 with his stomach pain. Id. The immediate complaint was filed on August 28, 2017, more than 15 three months after this alleged incident. Additionally, this incident allegedly occurred at 16 California State Prison – Sacramento. Id. at 1-2. At the time the complaint was filed, however, 17 plaintiff had already been transferred to the Richard J. Donovan Correctional Facility in San 18 Diego. Id. at 7. 19 Based on the foregoing, the court concludes that the allegations do not make the requisite 20 showing of “imminent danger.” Plaintiff’s application to proceed in forma pauperis status should 21 be denied and plaintiff be required to pay the full filing fee in order to proceed with this action. 22 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that: 23 1. Plaintiff’s motion to proceed in forma pauperis (ECF No. 9) be DENIED; AND 24 2. Plaintiff be required to pay the filing of $400.00 in full within twenty-one (21) days of 25 any order adopting these findings and recommendations and admonished that failure to timely 26 comply will result in the dismissal of this action. 27 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge 28 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen days 3 1 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 2 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 3 “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” Failure to file objections 4 within the specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Turner v. 5 Duncan, 158 F.3d 449, 455 (9th Cir. 1998); Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 6 DATED: July 2, 2018. 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4