(HC) Ponce v. Baughman, No. 2:2017cv00450 - Document 7 (E.D. Cal. 2018)

Court Description: ORDER signed by District Judge Kimberly J. Mueller on 8/2/18: The findings and recommendations filed May 30, 2018, are not adopted and this matter is referred back to the assigned magistrate judge for further proceedings consistent with this order. (Kaminski, H)
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(HC) Ponce v. Baughman Doc. 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 CARLOS ESPARZA PONCE, 12 13 14 No. 2:17-cv-0450-KJM-CMK-P Petitioner, v. ORDER D. BAUGHMAN, 15 Respondent. 16 Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this petition for a writ of 17 18 habeas corpus under by 28 U.S.C. § 2254. This matter was referred to a United States Magistrate 19 Judge as provided by Eastern District of California local rules. 20 On May 30, 2018, the magistrate judge filed findings and recommendations, which 21 were served on the parties and which contained notice that the parties may file objections within a 22 specified time. No objections to the findings and recommendations have been filed. The court presumes that any findings of fact are correct. See Orand v. United 23 24 States, 602 F.2d 207, 208 (9th Cir. 1979). The magistrate judge’s conclusions of law are 25 reviewed de novo. See Britt v. Simi Valley Unified School Dist., 708 F.2d 452, 454 (9th Cir. 26 1983). Having reviewed the file, the court declines to adopt the findings and recommendations 27 and refers the matter back to the assigned magistrate judge for further proceedings consistent with 28 this order. 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 Petitioner challenges his validation as an associate of the STG-1 – Mexican Mafia 2 prison gang. See ECF No. 1 at, e.g., 17. Petitioner contends prison officials relied on three pieces 3 of evidence to support the validation, all of which lacked “any nexus” to the STG-1 – Mexican 4 Mafia prison gang. Id. He contends his right to due process was violated because there was 5 insufficient evidence to support the validation. Id. at 17-18. He alleges that he served an 6 indeterminate term in the segregated housing unit (SHU) at California Correctional Institution 7 and was thereafter transferred to the SHU at Pelican Bay State Prison. Id. at 17. He seeks an 8 order expunging the validation from his prison central file. Id. at 21. At the time petitioner filed 9 this action he was incarcerated at California State Prison-Sacramento, ECF No. 1 at 1, and there is 10 no suggestion in the record that petitioner has been transferred to a different prison. 11 The magistrate judge recommends dismissal of the petition on the ground that it 12 challenges petitioner’s conditions of confinement and must be raised, if at all, in an action under 13 42 U.S.C. § 1983. ECF No. 6 at 2. The magistrate judge also finds this action is not “amenable” 14 to conversion to a § 1983 action and therefore recommends dismissal rather than conversion. Id. 15 It is settled that habeas corpus relief is only available for claims that “lie at the 16 ‘core of habeas corpus.’” Nettles v. Grounds, 830 F.3d 922, 931 (9th Cir. 2016) (en banc) 17 (quoting Preiser v. Rodriguez, 411 U.S. 475, 471 (1973)). The Seventh Circuit has held that the 18 “core of habeas corpus” includes claims that would result in a “‘quantum change in the level of 19 custody,’” Pischke v. Litscher, 178 F.3d 497, 499 (7th Cir. 1999) (quoting Graham v. Broglin, 20 922 F.3d 379, 381 (7th Cir. 1991)), including release from disciplinary segregation. Several 21 lower courts have suggested that the en banc court’s decision in Nettles left intact the same 22 holding in the panel opinion from which en banc review was taken. See, e.g., Lopez v. Perry, 23 2017 WL 1740470, slip op. at 2-3 (E.D. Cal. 2017) (Findings and Recommendations) (discussing 24 both the en banc decision in Nettles and the panel decision, Nettles v. Grounds, 788 F.3d 992 (9th 25 Cir. 2015), and other cases)1. It is unclear from the record before this court whether petitioner is 26 27 28 The district court adopted in full the findings and recommendations in Lopez, by order filed July 17, 2017. See Lopez v. Perry, Case No. 15-cv-2218 JAM AC P (E.D.Cal.), ECF No. 16. The court properly takes judicial notice of court records. See Harris v. County of Orange, 682 F.3d 1126, 1132 (9th Cir. 2012). 2 1 1 still confined in a SHU, or whether the relief he seeks would result in a “quantum change” in the 2 level of his custody, for example, transfer from a SHU or other disciplinary segregation unit to 3 the general population. This issue must be addressed for appropriate resolution of this action. 4 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 5 1. The findings and recommendations filed May 30, 2018, are not adopted; and 6 2. This matter is referred back to the assigned magistrate judge for further 7 8 proceedings consistent with this order. DATED: August 2, 2018. 9 10 UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 3