(HC) McGuire v. Swarthout, No. 2:2010cv01146 - Document 20 (E.D. Cal. 2013)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Craig M. Kellison on 8/14/2013 RECOMMENDING that petitioner's 1 petition for writ of habeas corpus be denied. Referred to Judge John A. Mendez; Objections due within 14 days. (Yin, K)
Download PDF
(HC) McGuire v. Swarthout Doc. 20 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 MARK McGUIRE, 12 Petitioner, 13 14 No. CIV S-10-1146-JAM-CMK-P vs. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATION GARY SWARTHOUT, 15 Respondent. 16 / 17 Petitioner, a state prisoner proceeding pro se, brings this petition for a writ of 18 habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2254. Pending before the court are petitioner’s petition 19 for a writ of habeas corpus (Doc. 1), respondent’s answer (Doc. 17), and petitioner’s traverse 20 (Doc. 18). 21 In his petition, petitioner is challenging the 2009 decision by the Board of Parole 22 Hearings finding him unsuitable for parole. Petitioner challenges the panel’s unreasonable risk 23 determination on the basis that the factors relied on lack relevance, reliability and support. 24 Petitioner contends that the decision was an unreasonable application of both the law and the 25 facts in light of the evidence. 26 /// 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 The issue of parole denials in California has specifically been addressed by the 2 United States Supreme Court. Reversing the Ninth Circuit’s decision in Hayward v. Marshall, 3 603 F.3d 546 (9th Cir. 2010) (en banc), the Court observed: Whatever liberty interest exists [in parole] is, of course, a state interest. There is no right under the Federal Constitution to be conditionally released [on parole] before the expiration of a valid sentence, and the States are under no duty to offer parole to their prisoners. Id. at 7. When, however, a State creates a liberty interest, the Due Process Clause requires fair procedures for its vindication – and federal courts will review the application of those constitutionally required procedures. . . . 4 5 6 7 8 Swarthout v. Cooke, 562 U.S. ___, 131 S. Ct. 859, 862 (2011) (per curiam) (citing Greenholtz v. 9 Inmates of Neb. Penal and Correctional Complex, 442 U.S. 1, 7 (1979)) (emphasis in original). 10 The Court held: 11 In the context of parole, we have held that the procedures required are minimal. In Greenholtz, we found that a prisoner subject to a parole statute similar to California’s received adequate process when he was allowed an opportunity to be heard and was provided a statement of the reasons why parole was denied. 442 U.S. at 16. “The Constitution,” we held, “does not require more.” Ibid. Cooke and Clay received at least this amount of process: They were allowed to speak at their parole hearings and to contest the evidence against them, were afforded access to their records in advance, and were notified as to the reasons why parole was denied. (citations omitted). That should have been the beginning and the end of the federal habeas courts’ inquiry into whether Cook and Clay received due process. . . . 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Id. The Court added that “[n]o opinion of ours supports converting California’s 20 ‘some evidence’ rule into a substantive federal requirement” and “it is no federal concern . . . 21 whether California’s ‘some evidence’ rule of judicial review (a procedure beyond what the 22 Constitution demands) was correctly applied” because “a ‘mere error of state law’ is not a denial 23 of due process.” Id. at 862-63 (citing Engle v. Isaac, 456 U.S. 107, 121, n.21 (1982)). Thus, in 24 cases challenging the denial of parole, the only issue subject to federal habeas review is whether 25 the inmate received the procedural due process protections of notice and an opportunity to be 26 heard. There is no other clearly established federal constitutional right in the context of parole. 2 1 In this case, petitioner challenges the basis for the Board’s determination, not the 2 process utilized. As discussed above, it is not the place of the federal court to rule on how 3 California’s “some evidence” parole standard has been applied except to inquire as to the basic 4 procedural guarantees. Petitioner does not argue that he was denied any of the procedural 5 protections required by the federal constitution. Even if he did, the record clearly establishes that 6 petitioner was provided with the basic Greenholtz protections of notice, an opportunity to be 7 heard, and a statement of reasons for the decision. See Swarthout, 131 S. Ct. at 862. Because 8 the federal constitution requires nothing more in the parole context, the petition must be denied. 9 10 Based on the foregoing, the undersigned recommends that petitioner’s petition for a writ of habeas corpus (Doc. 1) be denied. 11 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 12 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 14 days 13 after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 14 objections with the court. Responses to objections shall be filed within 14 days after service of 15 objections. Failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to appeal. 16 See Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 17 18 19 20 DATED: August 14, 2013 ______________________________________ CRAIG M. KELLISON UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 21 22 23 24 25 26 3