(PC) Jones v. Plessas et al, No. 2:2009cv02133 - Document 22 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER and FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Kendall J. Newman on 10/21/10 DIRECTING PLAINTIFF TO SUBMIT SERVICE DOCUMENTS and USM-285 Forms within 30 days. Service is appropriate for Fletcher, T. Jackson, T Kinssinger, Lorad, Ma rtaines, A. Pickens, C Plessas, T Smith. Clerk to send plaintiff: 1 Summons, 8 USM-285 Forms, and 1 copy of the Amended Complaint filed on 8/31/10. It is RECOMMENDED that Plaintiffs access to the court claims against defendants Lockard, Keating, Dun ks, Hitt, and Hass should be dismissed for failure to state a claim. Plaintiffs due process challenges to two disciplinary hearings, against defendants Griffith, Ingwerson, Robertson, and Amero, should be dismissed. Plaintiffs § 1983 claims alle ging threats and intimidation, by defendants Jackson, Celis, Dunks, Hibbits, Monica, Ratliff, Lockard, Sloan, and Callison do not state cognizable civil rights claims and should be dismissed. Plaintiffs conclusory allegation that defendants denied hi m necessary medical care should be dismissed for failure to state a claim. Plaintiffs state law claim alleging violation of California Civil Code § 52.1 should be dismissed without prejudice for failure to allege compliance with the Tort Claims Act. Remaining defendants Boras, Cross, Barker, Cosby, and Wright, be dismissed based on plaintiffs failure to include charging allegations against them. Referred to Judge Frank C. Damrell, Jr.; Objections to F&R due within 21 days.(Dillon, M)
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(PC) Jones v. Plessas et al Doc. 22 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 8 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 9 MALIK JONES, 10 11 12 13 14 Plaintiff, No. 2:09-cv-2133 FCD KJN P vs. C. PLESSAS, et al., ORDER AND Defendants. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS / 15 Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel and in forma pauperis. On 16 August 25, 2010, the undersigned issued findings and recommendations recommending that this 17 action be dismissed based on plaintiff’s failure to file a second amended complaint as required by 18 the court’s July 15, 2010 order. On August 19, 2010, plaintiff presented his second amended 19 complaint to prison officials for mailing. See Houston v. Lack, 487 U.S. 266, 270-72, 275 20 (1988) (“mailbox rule” that incarcerated plaintiff’s pleading is deemed filed when given to prison 21 officials for mailing). In light of the second amended complaint, the findings and 22 recommendations will be vacated. 23 The court is required to screen complaints brought by prisoners seeking relief 24 against a governmental entity or officer or employee of a governmental entity. 28 U.S.C. 25 § 1915A(a). The court must dismiss a complaint or portion thereof if the prisoner has raised 26 claims that are legally “frivolous or malicious,” that fail to state a claim upon which relief may be 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 granted, or that seek monetary relief from a defendant who is immune from such relief. 2 28 U.S.C. § 1915A(b)(1),(2). 3 A claim is legally frivolous when it lacks an arguable basis either in law or in fact. 4 Neitzke v. Williams, 490 U.S. 319, 325 (1989); Franklin v. Murphy, 745 F.2d 1221, 1227-28 5 (9th Cir. 1984). The court may, therefore, dismiss a claim as frivolous when it is based on an 6 indisputably meritless legal theory or where the factual contentions are clearly baseless. Neitzke, 7 490 U.S. at 327. The critical inquiry is whether a constitutional claim, however inartfully 8 pleaded, has an arguable legal and factual basis. See Jackson v. Arizona, 885 F.2d 639, 640 (9th 9 Cir. 1989), superseded by statute as stated in, Lopez v. Smith, 203 F.3d 1122, 1130-31 (9th Cir. 10 11 2000); Franklin, 745 F.2d at 1227. Plaintiff alleges various causes of action against 28 defendants. The court will 12 first address those allegations that fail to state a cognizable civil rights claim, and will then turn 13 to those claims for which defendants will be held to answer. 14 Access to the court 15 Despite this court’s July 15, 2010 order, plaintiff has renewed his claims that 16 defendants Plessas, Lockard, Keating, Dunks, Hitt, and Hass deprived him of access to the law 17 library, prevented him from making copies necessary to prosecute court actions, tampered with 18 his legal mail, and impeded his access to the courts. (Dkt. No. 19 at 5, ¶ 54-56, & 7-8, ¶¶ 69-73.) 19 Plaintiff has again failed to state a cognizable claim as to his library, photocopies, tampering with 20 legal mail, and access to the courts claim. In Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. 343 (1996), the United 21 States Supreme Court held that prison inmates have a constitutionally protected right to access 22 the courts to bring civil rights actions to challenge their conditions of confinement and to bring 23 challenges to their criminal convictions. Lewis v. Casey, 518 U.S. at 351. The right of access to 24 the courts “guarantees no particular methodology but rather the conferral of a capability—the 25 capability of bringing contemplated challenges to sentences or conditions of confinement before 26 the courts.” Id. at 356. To state a cognizable claim for relief based on interference with access to 2 1 the courts, plaintiff must allege facts which, if proved, will show that defendants by their acts 2 prevented him from bringing, or caused him to lose, an actionable claim of this type. Id. 3 Plaintiff has failed to allege an actual injury and, as detailed in this court’s July 4 15, 2010 order, and confirmed in plaintiff’s declaration (dkt. no. 19-1), plaintiff is unable to 5 allege an actual injury. Therefore, plaintiff fails to state a cognizable claim under Lewis v. 6 Casey, 518 U.S. at 351, and these claims must be dismissed. 7 Challenge to disciplinary hearings 8 Plaintiff alleges due process violations occurred at two different rules violation 9 report/CDC 115 hearings, one before hearing officer Ingwerson and another before hearing 10 officer Amero, and includes allegations against defendants Griffith, Ingwerson, Robertson, and 11 Amero. (Dkt. No. 19 at 3, ¶¶ 33-39; at 6, ¶¶ 60-61.) Plaintiff seeks money damages only. 12 In Heck v. Humphrey, 512 U.S. 477 (1994), the United States Supreme Court held 13 that a suit for damages on a civil rights claim concerning an allegedly unconstitutional conviction 14 or imprisonment cannot be maintained absent proof "that the conviction or sentence has been 15 reversed on direct appeal, expunged by executive order, declared invalid by a state tribunal 16 authorized to make such determination, or called into question by a federal court's issuance of a 17 writ of habeas corpus, 28 U.S.C. § 2254." Heck, 512 U.S. at 486. Under Heck, the court is 18 required to determine whether a judgment in plaintiff's favor in this case would necessarily 19 invalidate his conviction or sentence. Id. 20 In Edwards v. Balisok, 520 U.S. 641 (1997), the United States Supreme Court 21 extended the rule of Heck to prison disciplinary proceedings. Specifically, challenges to prison 22 disciplinary proceedings are not cognizable under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 if 23 24 25 “the nature of the challenge to the procedures [is] such as necessarily to imply the invalidity of the judgment.” If the court concludes that the challenge would necessarily imply the invalidity of the judgment or continuing confinement, then the challenge must be brought as a petition for a writ of habeas corpus, not under § 1983. 26 3 1 Butterfield v. Bail, 120 F.3d 1023, 1024 (9th Cir. 1997) (quoting Balisok, at 645). 2 This court finds that plaintiff’s challenges to the disciplinary hearings implicate 3 the validity of the disciplinary convictions. The court further finds that plaintiff has made no 4 showing that the disciplinary convictions have been invalidated. Therefore, these claims must be 5 dismissed as barred by Heck. 6 Threats 7 Plaintiff includes various allegations of verbal threats, intimidation, name-calling 8 and threatened efforts to remove his blood by defendants Jackson, Celis, Dunks, Hibbits, 9 Monica, Ratliff, Lockard, Sloan and Callison. (Dkt. No. 19 at 5, ¶¶ 51-52 & at 7, ¶¶ 62-68.) 10 An allegation of mere threats alone fails to state a claim of cruel and unusual 11 punishment under the Eighth Amendment. Gaut v. Sunn, 810 F.2d 923, 925 (9th Cir. 1987); see 12 Oltarzewski v. Ruggiero, 830 F.2d 136, 139 (9th Cir. 1987) (neither verbal abuse nor the use of 13 profanity violate the Eighth Amendment). These allegations do not raise a cognizable claim for 14 violation of the Eighth Amendment and should also be dismissed. 15 Medical Care 16 In his third cause of action, plaintiff states, in conclusory fashion, “defendants 17 denied plaintiff the right to receive necessary medical treatment.” (Dkt. No. 19 at 9.) However, 18 the text of the second amended complaint contains no charging allegations as to medical care. 19 This is insufficient to state a claim for deliberate indifference to serious medical needs, and will 20 be dismissed. 21 State Law Claim: California Civil Code § 52.1 22 Plaintiff alleges violations of California Civil Code § 52.1 for the threats and 23 intimidation alleged in the second amended complaint. Section 52.1 states, in relevant part: 24 25 26 (a) If a person or persons, whether or not acting under color of law, interferes by threats, intimidation, or coercion, or attempts to interfere by threats, intimidation, or coercion, with the exercise or enjoyment by any individual or individuals of rights secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or of the rights secured 4 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 by the Constitution or laws of this state, the Attorney General, or any district attorney or city attorney may bring a civil action for injunctive and other appropriate equitable relief in the name of the people of the State of California, in order to protect the peaceable exercise or enjoyment of the right or rights secured . . . (b) Any individual whose exercise or enjoyment of rights secured by the Constitution or laws of the United States, or of rights secured by the Constitution or laws of this state, has been interfered with, or attempted to be interfered with, as described in subdivision (a), may institute and prosecute in his or her own name and on his or her own behalf a civil action for damages, including, but not limited to, damages under Section 52, injunctive relief, and other appropriate equitable relief to protect the peaceable exercise or enjoyment of the right or rights secured. California Civil Code § 52.1. However, California's Tort Claims Act (“CTCA”) requires that a tort claim 11 against a public entity or its employees be presented to the California Victim Compensation and 12 Government Claims Board (“CVCGCB”), formerly known as the State Board of Control, no 13 more than six months after the cause of action accrues. Cal. Gov't Code §§ 905.2, 910, 911.2, 14 945.4, 950-950.2. Presentation of a written claim, and action on or rejection of the claim are 15 conditions precedent to suit. State v. Superior Court of Kings County (Bodde), 32 Cal.4th 1234, 16 1245, 13 Cal.Rptr.3d 534, 543 (2004); Mangold v. California Pub. Utils. Comm'n, 67 F.3d 1470, 17 1477 (9th Cir. 1995). To state a tort claim against a public employee, a plaintiff must allege 18 compliance with the Tort Claims Act. State v. Superior Court, 32 Cal.4th at 1245, 13 19 Cal.Rptr.3d at 543; Mangold, 67 F.3d at 1477; Karim-Panahi v. Los Angeles Police Dept., 839 20 F.2d 621, 627 (9th Cir. 1988). 21 Here, plaintiff alleges threats were made on August 19, 2008 (¶¶ 51-52), October 22 8, 2008 (¶¶ 62-67), and on an unidentified date, by defendants Jackson, Lockard and Hibbits 23 (¶ 68). (Dkt. No. 19.) However, plaintiff has failed to allege compliance with the Tort Claims 24 Act, either in the second amended complaint or in his declaration addressing exhaustion of 25 administrative remedies. Because plaintiff has failed to allege compliance with the Tort Claims 26 Act, this claim will also be dismissed for failure to state a claim, but the dismissal will be without 5 1 prejudice should plaintiff be able to demonstrate timely filing of the tort claim. 2 No Charging Allegations as to Remaining Defendants 3 Plaintiff has included no charging allegations as to defendants Boras, Cross, 4 Barker, Cosby, and Wright. Accordingly, defendants Boras, Cross, Barker, Cosby, and Wright 5 should also be dismissed. 6 Potentially Cognizable Claims 7 Plaintiff alleges that defendants A. Pickens, Martines, Loard or Lorad,1 Plessas, 8 Smith, Kinssinger and Fletcher aided and abetted one another on June 25, 2008, to have 9 defendants Plessas, Smith and Kinssinger intentionally take plaintiff from his cell to z-unit, 10 where plaintiff was not supposed to be, and allegedly use excessive force on plaintiff during this 11 transport. (Dkt. No. 19 at 4, ¶¶ 42-48.) Plaintiff alleges defendants Plessas, Smith and 12 Kinssinger “violently attacked plaintiff, choking him and twisting his left disabled arm behind 13 his back.” (Dkt. No. 19 at 4, ¶ 45.) Therefore, plaintiff states a potentially cognizable claim for 14 excessive force and failure to protect under the Eighth Amendment based on the alleged events 15 of June 25, 2008. Accordingly, the court will order service of process on defendants A. Pickens, 16 Martines, Lorad, Plessas, Smith, Kinssinger and Fletcher. These defendants should also respond 17 to plaintiff’s state law claims of assault and battery and the intentional infliction of emotional 18 distress. (Dkt. No. 19 at 9-10.) 19 On October 8, 2008, plaintiff alleges defendant Jackson “maliciously and 20 sadistically[,] tightly and excessively applied ankle shackles around plaintiff’s ankles.” (Dkt. No. 21 19 at 6, ¶ 64.) This states a potentially cognizable claim and the court will order service on 22 defendant Jackson. Defendant Jackson should also respond to plaintiff’s state law claims of 23 assault and battery and the intentional infliction of emotional distress. (Dkt. No. 19 at 9-10.) 24 25 26 1 In ¶ 47, plaintiff names defendant “Loard,” but in his list of defendants he refers to a defendant “lorad” (Dkt. No. 19 at 2, #12.) Plaintiff should refer to the proper name of this defendant when completing the USM-285 form for service of process. 6 1 Plaintiff’s allegations concerning the June 25, 2008 and October 8, 2008 incidents 2 state potentially cognizable claims for relief pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983 and 28 U.S.C. 3 § 1915A(b) against defendants A. Pickens, Martines, Lorad, Plessas, Smith, Kinssinger, Fletcher 4 and Jackson. If the allegations of the second amended complaint are proven, plaintiff has a 5 reasonable opportunity to prevail on the merits of these claims. 6 In accordance with the above, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 7 1. The August 25, 2010 findings and recommendations are vacated. 8 2. Service is appropriate for the following defendants: A. Pickens, Martines, 9 Lorad, Plessas, Smith, Kinssinger, Fletcher, and Jackson. 10 3. The Clerk of the Court shall send plaintiff eight USM-285 forms, one 11 summons, an instruction sheet and a copy of the second amended complaint filed August 31, 12 2010. 13 14 4. Within thirty days from the date of this order, plaintiff shall complete the attached Notice of Submission of Documents and submit the following documents to the court: 15 a. The completed Notice of Submission of Documents; 16 b. One completed summons; 17 c. One completed USM-285 form for each defendant listed in number 2 18 above; and 19 d. Nine copies of the endorsed second amended complaint filed August 20 31, 2010. 21 5. Plaintiff need not attempt service on defendants and need not request waiver of 22 service. Upon receipt of the above-described documents, the court will direct the United States 23 Marshal to serve the above-named defendants pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 4 24 without payment of costs. 25 IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that: 26 1. Plaintiff’s access to the court claims (dkt. no. 19 ; at 5, ¶ 54-56, & at 7-8, ¶¶ 7 1 69-73) against defendants Lockard, Keating, Dunks, Hitt, and Hass should be dismissed for 2 failure to state a claim. 3 2. Plaintiff’s due process challenges to two disciplinary hearings, (dkt. no. 19 at 4 3, ¶¶ 33-39; & at 6, ¶¶ 60-61), against defendants Griffith, Ingwerson, Robertson, and Amero, 5 should be dismissed. 6 3. Plaintiff’s § 1983 claims alleging threats and intimidation, (dkt. no. 19 at 5,¶¶ 7 51-52, & at 7, ¶¶ 62-68), by defendants Jackson, Celis, Dunks, Hibbits, Monica, Ratliff, Lockard, 8 Sloan, and Callison do not state cognizable civil rights claims and should be dismissed. 9 10 4. Plaintiff’s conclusory allegation that defendants denied him necessary medical care should be dismissed for failure to state a claim. 11 5. Plaintiff’s state law claim alleging violation of California Civil Code § 52.1 12 should be dismissed without prejudice for failure to allege compliance with the Tort Claims Act. 13 6. Remaining defendants Boras, Cross, Barker, Cosby, and Wright, be dismissed 14 based on plaintiff’s failure to include charging allegations against them. 15 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 16 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty- 17 one days after being served with these findings and recommendations, plaintiff may file written 18 objections with the court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s 19 Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the 20 specified time may waive the right to appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 21 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 22 DATED: October 21, 2010 23 _____________________________________ KENDALL J. NEWMAN UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 24 25 jone2133.1 26 8 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 MALIK JONES, 11 12 13 Plaintiff, vs. C. PLESSAS, et al., 14 15 NOTICE OF SUBMISSION Defendants. OF DOCUMENTS ____________________________________/ 16 17 No. 2:09-cv-2133 FCD KJN P Plaintiff hereby submits the following documents in compliance with the court's order filed : 18 completed summons form 19 completed USM-285 forms 20 copies of the Second Amended Complaint 21 DATED: 22 23 Plaintiff 24 25 26