Securities and Exchange Commission v. Vassallo et al, No. 2:2009cv00665 - Document 347 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: ORDER ADOPTING 309 FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS, in full, signed by Senior Judge Lawrence K. Karlton on 9/28/2010. Court finds Michael Callahan jointly and severally liable for $2 millioin lost by EIMT/Veritas investors in failed CMO investment. Michael Callahan is ORDERED to 171 disgorge up to $2 million to Receiver until such time as EIMT investors are made whole in connectios with failed CMO investment. (Marciel, M)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION, 11 2:09-cv-0665 LKK DAD Plaintiff, 12 v. 13 15 ANTHONY VASSALLO, KENNETH KENITZER, and EQUITY INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT AND TRAINING, INC., 16 Defendants. 14 17 18 / ARCANUM EQUITY FUND, LLC and VESTIUM MANAGEMENT GROUP, LLC, parties in interest. 19 / 20 21 22 23 MICHAEL CALLAHAN and MATTHEW TUCKER, parties in interest. ORDER / By order filed December 11, 2009 (Doc. No. 202), this case was referred to a 24 United States Magistrate Judge pursuant to Local Rule 302(a) for an evidentiary hearing to 25 resolve disputed issues of fact related to the Receiver’s motion to order disgorgement of $2.0 26 million transferred to Michael Callahan and Matthew Tucker (Doc. No. 171). 1 1 On July 21, 2010, the magistrate judge filed findings and recommendations herein 2 which were served on all parties and which contained notice to all parties that any objections 3 were to be filed within twenty-one days after being served with the findings and 4 recommendations. Party-in-interest Callahan filed timely objections to the findings and 5 recommendations, and the Receiver filed a timely reply. In accordance with the provisions of 28 6 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C) and Local Rule 304, this court has conducted a de novo review of this 7 case. Having carefully reviewed the entire file, the court finds the findings and recommendations 8 to be supported by the record and by proper analysis. 9 10 A. Specific Findings and Recommendations Callahan objects to these findings and recommendations on several grounds. 11 First, Callahan objects to several specific findings. Callahan objects to the magistrate judge’s 12 finding that he should be held jointly and severally liable for the disgorgement of the $2.0 13 million. He specifically argues that the magistrate judge did not prove any of the elements of 14 misrepresentation as cited by the court and taken from Agosta v. Astor, 120 Cal. App. 4th 596, 15 603. See Objection at 5: 19-25; 6-7. Callahan argues that (1) there was no specific 16 misrepresentation ever pled; (2) there was no finding of knowledge of falsity; (3) there was no 17 finding of intent to defraud; (4) there was no finding of justifiable reliance; and (5) EIMT was 18 not injured by Callahan but due to a breach of contract by the exit buyer StoneCrest and Tucker. 19 Id.; 8: 6-8. Callahan further argues that since there was no evidence that he received the $2.0 20 million, there is no basis for disgorgement. Obj. at 10: 11-16. For the reasons described in the 21 Findings and Recommendations, the court finds these objections to lack merit. See Findings and 22 Recommendations at 12: 12-17; 13: 1-10; 17: 6-7. 17: 19-26; 18: 1-16; 20: 10-24; 21: 10-14. 23 B. 24 Callahan contends that the magistrate judge exceeded his authority in conducting The Authority of the Magistrate Judge 25 the evidentiary hearing. He asserts that the evidentiary hearing was for a “specific and limited 26 purpose, e.g. to resolve issues of fact as to whether the asset at issue was held in constructive 2 1 trust.” Obj. at 3: 24-25, 4: 1. Callahan’s argument is without merit because the court did not 2 merely order the magistrate judge to conclude whether the $2.0 million was held in constructive 3 trust. The purpose of the hearing, as outlined by the court, was to settle several factual disputes 4 in order to determine whether Callahan should be held jointly and severally liable for the entire 5 $2.0 million of fraudulently obtained EIMT assets or whether he should be held liable for only 6 the $125,000 he received as a fee for “facilitating” the transaction at issue. See Order, Doc. No. 7 202, Dec. 11, 2009, at 5: 15-17; 6: 3-5, 7: 11-16. 8 9 The primary factual dispute concerning the court was whether the CMO was ever purchased and if so whether the transaction was legitimate. The second factual dispute, 10 assuming the CMO was never purchased or the transaction was not legitimate, was whether 11 Callahan knew that the statement he made to EIMT concerning the purchase of the CMO were 12 false and whether Callahan intended to defraud EIMT. If Callahan was aware of and involved in 13 the fraudulent scheme being perpetrated by Tucker, he would be a joint tortfeasor; therefore, he 14 would be jointly and severally liable for disgorgement of the full $2.0 million. Both of these 15 factual disputes were addressed in the court’s Order, dated Dec. 11, 2009, which referred this 16 matter to the magistrate judge. 17 Callahan further argues that the scope of the evidentiary hearing was inappropriate 18 because the inquiry should have been limited to whether the CMO was purchased. Obj. at 3: 15- 19 25. This argument is without merit for the reasons discussed above. The court clearly outlined 20 the factual disputes that were relevant to whether Callahan should be held jointly and severally 21 liable for the entire $2.0 million of EIMT funds. 22 Callahan argues in support of this point that the Receiver already knew that the 23 CMO had been purchased; therefore, additional inquiry into the CMO was not warranted. Obj. at 24 4: 1-14. However, Callahan again misinterprets the court's order. The purpose of determining 25 whether the CMO was purchased was to assess whether the CMO transaction and Callahan's 26 involvement were legitimate. A bare assertion that the CMO's were purchased does not end the 3 1 inquiry; in fact, the magistrate judge found that the purchase of the CMO's in and of itself was 2 suspicious since Tucker purchased them after he claimed to of already had them in his 3 possession. See F&R's at 18, n. 29. Furthermore, this argument (and the language Callahan 4 quotes from the Order to support it) contradicts Callahan's argument that the court ordered the 5 evidentiary hearing solely to determine whether the funds were held in constructive trust. Thus, 6 the court finds that the scope of the evidentiary hearing was appropriate. 7 C. 8 Callahan’s due process arguments are equally without merit. “[F]or the claims of 9 nonparties to property claimed by receivers, summary proceedings satisfy due process so long as 10 there is adequate notice and opportunity to be heard.” Commodity Futures Trading Comm’n v. 11 Topworth Int’l, Ltd., 205 F.3d 1107, 1113 (9th Cir. 1999). Callahan’s due process rights were 12 not infringed by the nature of the summary proceeding. Callahan’s Due Process Rights 13 Callahan specifically argues that the proceeding “lacked fundamental fairness as it 14 presented surprise.” Obj. at 2: 22-24. However, this argument is premised on the assumption that 15 the magistrate judge was not authorized by the court to inquire into anything other than whether 16 the assets were held in constructive trust. Therefore, this argument is without merits for the 17 reasons discussed above. Callahan further argues that “what transpired was nothing short of an 18 ambush whereby the rules, scope and intent of the ordered hearing changed without prior notice.” 19 Obj. at 10: 2-25. 20 Callahan contends that he was given no opportunity to conduct discovery nor to 21 present witness on his behalf. Id. He further contends that the allegations against him were 22 “previously unknown or vague.” Id. The court finds, for the reasons stated above, that the scope 23 of the evidentiary hearing was appropriate considering the language of the Order referring the 24 matter to the magistrate judge. Therefore, Callahan was given fair notice, in addition to the 25 opportunity to petition the magistrate judge for discovery and the chance to present evidence and 26 witnesses on his behalf. 4 1 The purpose of the summary proceeding was not to find Callahan guilty of fraud, 2 neither criminally nor civilly. The purpose of the proceeding was to determine Callahan’s 3 liability in a disgorgement proceeding with regard to funds that had been fraudulently obtained 4 by his business partner. He is merely entitled to fair notice of the proceeding and an opportunity 5 to be heard on the matter, which was duly afforded to him by the magistrate judge. 6 D. 7 For the foregoing reasons, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 8 1. The findings and recommendations filed July 21, 2010 (Doc. No. 309) are 9 10 11 12 Conclusion adopted in full; 2. The court finds Michael Callahan jointly and severally liable for the $2 million lost by EIMT/Veritas investors in the failed CMO investment; and 3. Michael Callahan is ordered to disgorge up to $2 million to the Receiver until 13 such time as the EIMT investors are made whole in connection with the failed CMO investment. 14 DATED: September 28, 2010. 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 5