(PC) Elmore v. Arong et al, No. 2:2007cv01463 - Document 80 (E.D. Cal. 2010)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS signed by Magistrate Judge Kendall J. Newman on 11/9/2010 RECOMMENDING that this action be dismissed pursuant to F.R.Civ.P. 41(b). Referred to Judge William B. Shubb; Objections due w/in 21 days. (Yin, K)
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(PC) Elmore v. Arong et al Doc. 80 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 TONIE ELMORE, 11 12 13 Plaintiff, No. 2: 07-cv-1463 WBS KJN P vs. ARONG, et al., 14 Defendants. 15 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS / 16 Plaintiff is a state prisoner proceeding without counsel with a civil rights action 17 pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On June 29, 2010, defendant Turella filed a summary judgment 18 motion. On November 19, 2008, the court advised plaintiff of the requirements for opposing a 19 motion pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. See Rand v. Rowland, 154 20 F.3d 952, 957 (9th Cir. 1998) (en banc) and Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411-12 (9th 21 Cir. 1988). 22 On August 13, 2010, plaintiff was granted a thirty day extension of time to file an 23 opposition to defendant’s summary judgment motion. On August 24, 2010, defendant was 24 ordered to re-serve plaintiff with the motion and plaintiff was granted an additional thirty days to 25 file his opposition. On August 27, 2010, defendant filed proof of re-service. Thirty days passed 26 from August 24, 2010, and plaintiff did not oppose the motion. On October 6, 2010, plaintiff 1 Dockets.Justia.com 1 was granted twenty-one days to file an opposition. In the same order, plaintiff was informed that 2 failure to file an opposition would result in a recommendation that this action be dismissed. 3 Twenty-one days passed and plaintiff did not file an opposition or otherwise respond to the 4 October 6, 2010 order. 5 “Pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b), the district court may dismiss 6 an action for failure to comply with any order of the court.” Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 7 1260 (9th Cir. 1992). “In determining whether to dismiss a case for failure to comply with a 8 court order the district court must weigh five factors including: ‘(1) the public's interest in 9 expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of 10 prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; 11 and (5) the availability of less drastic alternatives.’” Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1260-61 (quoting 12 Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986)); see also Ghazali v. Moran, 46 13 F.3d 52, 53 (9th Cir. 1995). 14 In determining to recommend that this action be dismissed, the court has 15 considered the five factors set forth in Ferdik. Here, as in Ferdik, the first two factors strongly 16 support dismissal of this action. The action has been pending for three years and has reached the 17 stage for resolution of dispositive motions and, if necessary, preparation for pretrial conference 18 and jury trial. Plaintiff’s failure to comply with the Local Rules and the court’s orders suggests 19 that he has abandoned this action and that further time spent by the court thereon will consume 20 scarce judicial resources in addressing litigation which plaintiff demonstrates no intention to 21 pursue. 22 Under the circumstances of this case, the third factor, prejudice to defendant from 23 plaintiff’s failure to oppose the motion, also favors dismissal. Plaintiff’s failure to oppose the 24 motion prevents defendant from addressing plaintiff’s substantive opposition, and would delay 25 resolution of this action, thereby causing defendant to incur additional time and expense. 26 2 1 The fifth factor also favors dismissal. The court has advised plaintiff of the 2 requirements under the Local Rules and granted ample additional time to oppose the pending 3 motion, all to no avail. The court finds no suitable alternative to dismissal of this action. 4 The fourth factor, public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits, 5 weighs against dismissal of this action as a sanction. However, for the reasons set forth above, 6 the first, second, third, and fifth factors strongly support dismissal. Under the circumstances of 7 this case, those factors outweigh the general public policy favoring disposition of cases on their 8 merits. See Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1263. 9 10 For the foregoing reasons, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this action be dismissed pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 41(b). 11 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District 12 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within twenty- 13 one days after being served with these findings and recommendations, any party may file written 14 objections with the court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be captioned 15 “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” Any response to the 16 objections shall be filed and served within fourteen days after service of the objections. The 17 parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may waive the right to 18 appeal the District Court’s order. Martinez v. Ylst, 951 F.2d 1153 (9th Cir. 1991). 19 DATED: November 9, 2010 20 21 22 _____________________________________ KENDALL J. NEWMAN UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 23 24 el1463.57 25 26 3