(PC) E. v. Curry et al, No. 1:2022cv00936 - Document 4 (E.D. Cal. 2022)

Court Description: ORDER for Clerk to Randomly Assign a United States District Judge to This Case; FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS Recommending That This Case be Dismissed Without Prejudice for Plaintiff's Failure to Comply With Court Order, signed by Magistrate Judge Gary S. Austin on 9/14/2022. Objections to F&R due within FOURTEEN days. (Marrujo, C)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 ADAM E., 12 1:22-cv-00936-GSA-PC Plaintiff, 13 vs. 14 CURRY, et al., 15 ORDER FOR CLERK TO RANDOMLY ASSIGN A UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE TO THIS CASE AND Defendants. FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS, RECOMMENDING THAT THIS CASE BE DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE FOR PLAINTIFF’S FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH COURT ORDER (ECF No. 1.) 16 17 18 OBJECTIONS, IF ANY, DUE IN FOURTEEN (14) DAYS 19 20 21 22 Adam E. (“Plaintiff”) is a state prisoner proceeding pro se with this civil rights action 23 filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. On September 29, 2021, Plaintiff Adam E. and two Co- 24 plaintiffs, Marvin Harris and Kennedy Robinson, filed the Complaint commencing this action. 25 (ECF No. 2.) On July 26, 2022, Co-plaintiff Marvin Harris was dismissed from this case for his 26 failure to obey a court order. (ECF No. 12.) On July 28, 2022, the Court issued an order severing 27 the two remaining plaintiffs’ claims and opening a new case for Plaintiff Adam E. (ECF No. 1.) 28 The order required Plaintiff Adam E. to file an amended complaint, and either submit an 1 1 application to proceed in forma pauperis or pay the $402.00 filing fee in full for this case, within 2 thirty days. (Id.) 3 The thirty-day deadline expired and Plaintiff has not filed an amended complaint, paid 4 the filing fee for this action, or submitted an application to proceed in forma pauperis.1 (Court 5 Record.) Therefore, it will be recommended that this case be dismissed for Plaintiff’s failure to 6 comply with the court’s order. The Clerk shall be directed to randomly assign a United States 7 District Judge to this action. 8 In determining whether to dismiss this action for failure to comply with the directives set 9 forth in its order, “the Court must weigh the following factors: (1) the public’s interest in 10 expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of 11 prejudice to defendants/respondents; (4) the availability of less drastic alternatives; and (5) the 12 public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits.” Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 291 F.3d 639, 13 642 (9th Cir. 2002) (citing Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992)). 14 “‘The public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation always favors dismissal,’” 15 id. (quoting Yourish v. California Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 1999)), and here, the 16 action has been pending since September 29, 2021. Plaintiff’s failure to respond to the Court’s 17 order may reflect Plaintiff’s disinterest in prosecuting this case. In such an instance, the Court 18 cannot continue to expend its scarce resources assisting a litigant who will not keep the Court 19 apprised of his name and current address. Thus, both the first and second factors weigh in favor 20 of dismissal. 21 Turning to the risk of prejudice, “pendency of a lawsuit is not sufficiently prejudicial in 22 and of itself to warrant dismissal.” Id. (citing Yourish at 991). However, “delay inherently 23 increases the risk that witnesses’ memories will fade and evidence will become stale,” id., and it 24 is Plaintiff’s failure to file an amended complaint or resolve payment of the filing fee for his case 25 that is causing delay. Therefore, the third factor weighs in favor of dismissal. 26 27 28 The Court’s July 28, 2022 order was returned to the Court by the United States Postmaster with a notation that the mail was undeliverable as addressed. Plaintiff has not notified the Court of his full name and current address to enable the Postmaster to locate him for service. Absent such notice, service at a party’s prior address is fully effective. Local Rule 182(f). 1 2 1 As for the availability of lesser sanctions, at this stage in the proceedings there is little 2 available to the Court which would constitute a satisfactory lesser sanction while protecting the 3 Court from further unnecessary expenditure of its scarce resources. Monetary sanctions in this 4 circumstance are of little use, and given the early stage of these proceedings, the preclusion of 5 evidence or witnesses is not available. However, inasmuch as the dismissal being considered in 6 this case is without prejudice, the Court is stopping short of issuing the harshest possible sanction 7 of dismissal with prejudice. 8 9 Finally, because public policy favors disposition on the merits, this factor will always weigh against dismissal. Id. at 643. 10 Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY ORDERED that: 11 1. 12 13 14 The Clerk of Court shall randomly assign a United States District Judge to this action; and 2. The Court HEREBY RECOMMENDS that this action be dismissed without prejudice based on Plaintiff’s failure to obey the Court’s order issued on July 28, 2022. 15 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the United States District Judge 16 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within fourteen 17 (14) days after the date of service of these findings and recommendations, Plaintiff may file 18 written objections with the court. 19 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file 20 objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. 21 Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 838-39 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 22 (9th Cir. 1991)). Such a document should be captioned “Objections to 23 24 25 26 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: September 14, 2022 /s/ Gary S. Austin UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 27 28 3