(HC) Patterson v. Sherman, No. 1:2018cv01688 - Document 4 (E.D. Cal. 2018)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS That Petition for Writ of Habeas Corpus be Dismissed as Unauthorized Successive Petition; ORDER DIRECTING Clerk of Court to Assign Case to District Judge (new case number is 1:18-cv-01688-DAD-JDP), signed by Magistrate Judge Jeremy D. Peterson on 12/20/18. Objections to F&R Due Within Fourteen Days. (Marrujo, C)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 FOR THE EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 VESTER L. PATTERSON, 12 Petitioner, 13 v. 14 STU SHERMAN, Respondent. 16 ECF NO. 1 17 ORDER DIRECTING CLERK OF COURT TO ASSIGN CASE TO DISTRICT JUDGE 18 19 21 22 23 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THAT PETITION FOR WRIT OF HABEAS CORPUS BE DISMISSED AS UNAUTHORIZED SUCCESSIVE PETITION OBJECTIONS DUE WITHIN FOURTEEN DAYS 15 20 Case No. 1:18-cv-01688-JDP Petitioner Vester L. Patterson, a state prisoner without counsel, seeks a writ of habeas corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. The matter is before the court for preliminary review under Rule 4 of the Rules Governing Section 2254 Cases. Under Rule 4, a district court must dismiss a habeas petition if it “plainly appears” that the petitioner is not entitled to relief. Because petitioner has filed an unauthorized successive petition, the court must dismiss the petition. 24 I. 25 26 Background We draw the following facts from petitioner’s most recent habeas proceeding. See Patterson v. Martinez, No. 16-cv-1215, ECF No. 24 (E.D. Cal. Feb. 24, 2017).1 In April 2011, 27 28 1 Petitioner had at least one other habeas proceeding before this court, in which the court denied 1 1 petitioner pleaded guilty to one count of forcible rape and one count of forcible oral copulation. 2 See id. at 1. Petitioner was sentenced to two consecutive 16-year imprisonment terms for a total 3 of 32 years. See id. 4 In April 2016, petitioner filed a petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254, challenging the duration 5 of his sentence and calculation of his release date. See id. at 1-2. United States Magistrate Judge 6 Stanley A. Boone recommended that the court dismiss the petition as an unauthorized successive 7 petition, noting that petitioner had already filed another habeas petition that was dismissed as 8 untimely. See id. at 3-4; Patterson, No. 15-cv-53, ECF No. 30 (E.D. Cal. Sep. 16, 2015). Chief 9 United States District Judge Lawrence J. O’Neill adopted Judge Boone’s recommendation, 10 dismissed the petition, and declined to issue a certificate of appealability. See Patterson, No. 16- 11 cv-1215, ECF No. 28 (E.D. Cal. May 12, 2017). 12 In December 2018, petitioner filed yet another petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 in this 13 case. See ECF No. 1. Petitioner again challenges the duration of his sentence and calculation of 14 his release date—the same challenges rejected by Judge O’Neill. See id.; compare ECF No. 1, 15 with Patterson, No. 16-cv-1215, ECF No. 10 (E.D. Cal. Sept. 29, 2016). 16 II. 17 Discussion A district court may not consider a second or successive petition for a writ of habeas 18 corpus under 28 U.S.C. § 2254 that raises the same grounds as a prior petition. See 28 U.S.C. 19 § 2244(b)(1); Brown v. Muniz, 889 F.3d 661, 667 (9th Cir. 2018). A district court may not 20 consider a second or successive habeas corpus petition that raises a claim unless the petitioner 21 shows that (1) the claim relies on a new rule of constitutional law, made retroactive by the 22 Supreme Court, that was previously unavailable or (2) the factual predicate for the claim could 23 not have been discovered previously through the exercise of due diligence. See 28 U.S.C. 24 § 2244(b)(2). A district court may not decide whether a second or successive petition meets these 25 requirements; the petitioner must obtain the authorization from the appropriate court of appeals 26 before filing a second or successive petition under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. See 28 U.S.C. 27 28 his petition filed under 28 U.S.C. § 2254. See Patterson v. Sherman, No. 15-cv-53, ECF No. 20 (E.D. Cal. Apr. 29, 2015). 2 1 § 2244(b)(3)(A); Burton v. Stewart, 549 U.S. 147, 157 (2007). The authorization from the 2 appropriate court of appeals is a jurisdictional requirement. See Burton, 549 U.S. at 157. 3 Here, petitioner has not obtained the authorization from the Ninth Circuit to file a 4 successive petition for a writ of habeas corpus, even though Judge Boone has already explained to 5 him that such authorization is required. See Patterson, No. 16-cv-1215, ECF No. 24 at 3-4. 6 Because petitioner has not obtained the authorization to file a successive petition, the court lacks 7 subject matter jurisdiction. The court must dismiss the unauthorized successive petition. 8 III. 9 Certificate of Appealability A petitioner seeking a writ of habeas corpus has no absolute right to appeal a district 10 court’s denial of a petition; he may appeal only in limited circumstances. See 28 U.S.C. § 2253; 11 Miller-El v. Cockrell, 537 U.S. 322, 335-36 (2003). Rule 11 Governing Section 2254 Cases 12 requires a district court to issue or deny a certificate of appealability when entering a final order 13 adverse to a petitioner. See also Ninth Circuit Rule 22-1(a); United States v. Asrar, 116 F.3d 14 1268, 1270 (9th Cir. 1997). A certificate of appealability will not issue unless a petitioner makes 15 “a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2). This 16 standard requires the petitioner to show that “jurists of reason could disagree with the district 17 court’s resolution of his constitutional claims or that jurists could conclude the issues presented 18 are adequate to deserve encouragement to proceed further.” Miller-El, 537 U.S. at 327; see Slack 19 v. McDaniel, 529 U.S. 473, 484 (2000). The petitioner must show “something more than the 20 absence of frivolity or the existence of mere good faith.” Miller-El, 537 U.S. at 338. 21 Reasonable jurists would not disagree that the petition here is an unauthorized successive 22 petition and that it should not proceed further. Thus, the court should decline to issue a certificate 23 of appealability. 24 IV. 25 Findings and recommendations We recommend that the petition be dismissed as an unauthorized successive petition and 26 that the court decline to issue a certificate of appealability. We submit the findings and 27 recommendations to the U.S. District Court Judge who will be assigned to the case under 28 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Rule 304 of the Local Rules of Practice for the United States District 3 1 Court, Eastern District of California. Within 14 days of the service of the findings and 2 recommendations, petitioner may file written objections to the findings and recommendations 3 with the court and serve a copy on all parties. That document must be captioned “Objections to 4 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The assigned District Judge will then 5 review the findings and recommendations under 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). Petitioner’s failure to 6 file objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of rights on appeal. See 7 Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014). 8 V. 9 10 Order The clerk of court is directed to assign this case to a district judge who will review the findings and recommendations. 11 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. 14 Dated: 15 December 20, 2018 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4