(PC) Rainwater v. Ahlin et al, No. 1:2018cv00049 - Document 25 (E.D. Cal. 2018)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS Recommending Denying Plaintiff's 8 9 Motions for Court Orders signed by Magistrate Judge Stanley A. Boone on 04/06/2018. Referred to Judge O'Neill; Objections to F&R due by 5/9/2018.(Flores, E)
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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 JOHN ALLEN RAINWATER, Plaintiff, 12 13 14 Case No. 1:18-cv-00049-LJO-SAB (PC) FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS RECOMMENDING DENYING PLAINTIFF’S MOTIONS FOR COURT ORDERS v. PAM AHLIN, et al., (ECF Nos. 8 & 9) 15 Defendants. OBJECTIONS DUE WITHIN THIRTY DAYS 16 17 Plaintiff John Allen Rainwater, a civil detainee, is appearing pro se and in forma pauperis in 18 this civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This matter was referred to a United States 19 Magistrate Judge pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and Local Rule 302. 20 Currently before the Court are Plaintiff’s two motions for court orders, filed on February 15, 21 2018. (ECF Nos. 8 & 9.) The Court construes Plaintiff’s motions for court orders as requests for 22 a preliminary injunction. 23 I. 24 INTRODUCTION 25 Plaintiff’s complaint was screened on February 14, 2018, and Plaintiff was directed to either 26 notify the Court that he is willing to proceed on the claims found to be cognizable in the screening 27 order, notify the Court that he wishes to stand on his complaint, or file an amended complaint. 28 (ECF No. 6.) In the screening order, the Court found that Plaintiff’s complaint states cognizable 1 1 substantive due process claims against Defendants Pam Ahlin, Director of California Department 2 of State Hospitals (“DSH”), and Brandon Price, Director of Coalinga, (“Defendants”) in their 3 official capacities in relation to the potential prohibition, confiscation, and destruction of certain 4 electronic devices, manufactured CDs/DVDs, and scanned digital documents under regulations 5 promulgated by DSH. 6 II. 7 DISCUSSION 8 The purpose of a preliminary injunction is to preserve the status quo if the balance of equities 9 so heavily favors the moving party that justice requires the court to intervene to secure the positions 10 until the merits of the action are ultimately determined. Univ. of Texas v. Camenisch, 451 U.S. 11 390, 395 (1981). “A plaintiff seeking a preliminary injunction must establish that he is likely to 12 succeed on the merits, that he is likely to suffer irreparable harm in the absence of preliminary 13 relief, that the balance of equities tips in his favor, and that an injunction is in the public interest.” 14 Winter v. Natural Resources Defense Council, Inc., 555 U.S. 7, 20 (2008) (citations omitted). An 15 injunction may only be awarded upon a clear showing that the plaintiff is entitled to relief. Id. at 16 22 (citation omitted) (emphasis added). 17 The pendency of this action does not give the Court jurisdiction over DHS officials in 18 general. See Summers v. Earth Island Institute, 555 U.S. 488, 491-493 (2009); Mayfield v. United 19 States, 599 F.3d 964, 969 (9th Cir. 2010). The Court’s jurisdiction is limited to the parties in this 20 action and to the viable legal claims upon which this action is proceeding. See Summers, 555 U.S. 21 at 491-493; Mayfield, 599 F.3d at 969. 22 Here, Plaintiff states in his motions that he is unable to buy postage stamps. However, he 23 can make a “mail out appointment.” Plaintiff requests that Defendants establish a way for civil 24 detainees to electronically file documents with courts or provide adequate postage during 25 lockdowns and times when postage cannot be sold. Plaintiff seeks an order requiring Defendants 26 to allow Plaintiff to purchase postage stamps or provide free postage for Plaintiff’s mail to courts 27 and attorneys. Plaintiff also seeks an order requiring Defendants to give Plaintiff access to the law 28 library or a law research computer he can access in his unit; access to patients in other units to help 2 1 with assistance in legal matters; access to a copying machine or provide Plaintiff with a copying 2 machine in his unit; and allow legal appointments or provide in his unit an accurate weight machine 3 and tracking number stickers for envelopes. In addition, Plaintiff wants Defendants to establish a 4 way for civil detainees to have PACER accounts or provide a printout of an individual’s PACER 5 information. 6 Plaintiff’s requested relief in his motions is not related to the relief he seeks in his complaint. 7 The Court does not have jurisdiction over DSH generally merely based on the pendency of this 8 action. Plaintiff is not entitled to any relief that is not narrowly drawn to correct the violation of 9 his rights at issue in this action. The equitable relief requested herein is not sufficiently related to 10 Plaintiff’s underlying legal claims to satisfy the requirements for a preliminary injunction. 11 Therefore, the Court will recommend that Plaintiff’s motions for court orders be denied.1 12 /// 13 /// 14 /// 15 /// 16 /// 17 /// 18 /// 19 /// 20 /// 21 /// 22 /// 23 /// 24 1 25 26 27 28 To the extent that Plaintiff’s motion could be construed as a request to allow him to file documents electronically, the Court finds that it should be denied. Pursuant to the Local Rules of the Eastern District of California , a pro se party shall file and serve paper documents as required by the Rule. Local Rule 133(a). A party appearing pro se may request an exception to the paper filing requirement from the court by filing a stipulation of the parties or by motion. Local Rule 133(b)(2), (3). In this instance, Plaintiff has alleged that he does not have access to a computer or the internet, so the Court finds no reason to grant Plaintiff’s request to allow him to file documents electronically. Therefore, there are no circumstances presented to warrant the exception to the Local Rule requirement that Plaintiff file paper documents. 3 1 III. 2 RECOMMENDATION Accordingly, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that Plaintiff’s motions for court orders 3 4 (ECF Nos. 8 & 9) be DENIED. 5 This Findings and Recommendation will be submitted to the United States District Judge 6 assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within thirty (30) days 7 after being served with this Findings and Recommendation, Plaintiff may file written objections 8 with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings 9 and Recommendation.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file objections within the specified time 10 may result in the waiver of rights on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 838-39 (9th 11 Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 12 13 IT IS SO ORDERED. 14 Dated: April 6, 2018 UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4