Thompson v. Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., et al., No. 1:2017cv01200 - Document 17 (E.D. Cal. 2018)
Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that this case should be dismissed with prejudice for failure to comply with a court order and failure to prosecute. Matter referred to Judge Ishii. Objections to F&R due within fourteen (14) days of service of this recommendation; signed by Magistrate Judge Sheila K. Oberto on 8/1/2018. (Timken, A)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 10 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 11 12 CHARLES THOMPSON, JR., 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Case No. 1:17-cv-01200-AWI-SKO Plaintiff, FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS THAT THIS CASE SHOULD BE DISMISSED WITH PREJUDICE FOR FAILURE TO COMPLY WITH A COURT ORDER AND FAILURE TO PROSECUTE v. BANK OF NEW YORK MELLON, Defendant. (Doc. 16) _____________________________________/ OBJECTIONS DUE: 14 DAYS INTRODUCTION On March 29, 2018, the Court entered a minute order indicating that no proof of service had 21 been filed with respect to the remaining defendant, Bank of New York Mellon, and ordered Plaintiff 22 to file proof of service or a status report indicating whether Plaintiff intends to prosecute this case 23 by April 23, 2018. (Doc. 14.) Plaintiff failed to file proof of service or a status report by April 23, 24 2018, and on June 6, 2018, the Court entered another minute order ordering Plaintiff to file proof 25 of service with respect to Defendant Bank of New York Mellon or a status report indicating whether 26 Plaintiff intends to prosecute the case. (Doc. 15.) The Court cautioned Plaintiff that if he failed to 27 file a proof of service or a status report by June 18, 2018, the Court would recommend that 28 1 Plaintiff’s case be dismissed with prejudice. (Id.) To date, no proof of service or a status report 2 has been filed. 3 On July 23, 2018, the Court entered an Order to Show Cause (“OSC”) ordering Plaintiff to 4 file proof service or a statement showing cause why the Court should not recommend to the 5 presiding district court judge that this action be dismissed. (Doc. 16.) In its OSC, the Court 6 cautioned Plaintiff that, if he failed to file this statement by July 31, 2018, the Court would 7 recommend to the presiding district court judge that this action be dismissed, in its entirety. (Id.) 8 9 DISCUSSION Local Rule 110 provides that “[f]ailure of counsel or of a party to comply with these Rules 10 or with any order of the Court may be grounds for the imposition by the Court of any and all 11 sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the inherent power to 12 control their dockets and “[i]n the exercise of that power they may impose sanctions, including, 13 where appropriate ... dismissal.” Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). 14 A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute an action, 15 failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46 16 F.3d 52, 53–54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 17 963 F.2d 1258, 1260–61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring 18 amendment of complaint); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440–41 (9th Cir. 1988) (dismissal for 19 failure to comply with local rule requiring pro se plaintiff to keep court apprised of address); 20 Malone v. U.S. Postal Service, 833 F.2d 128, 130-31 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply 21 with court order); Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1424 (9th Cir. 1986) (dismissal for failure 22 to prosecute and failure to comply with local rules). 23 In determining whether to dismiss an action for failure to obey a court order or failure to 24 comply with the Local Rules, the court must consider several factors, including: “(1) the public’s 25 interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk 26 of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; 27 and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions.” Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1423–24; see also Ferdik, 28 963 F.2d at 1260–61; Thompson, 782 F.2d at 831. “The public’s interest in expeditious resolution 2 1 of litigation always favors dismissal.” Pagtalunan, 291 F.3d at 642 (quoting Yourish v. Cal. 2 Amplifier, 191 F.3d 983, 990 (9th Cir. 1999)). 3 Here, the Court finds that the public’s interest in expeditiously resolving this litigation and 4 the Court’s interest in managing the docket weigh in favor of dismissal. The third factor, risk of 5 prejudice to Defendant, also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a presumption of injury arises from 6 the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecuting an action. Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 7 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor – public policy favoring disposition of cases on their 8 merits – is greatly outweighed by the factors in favor of dismissal discussed herein. Finally, a 9 court’s warning to a party that his failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal satisfies 10 the “consideration of alternatives” requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833 F.2d at 11 132–33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. The OSC expressly ordered Plaintiff to file a statement 12 showing cause why the Court should not recommend to the presiding district court judge that this 13 action be dismissed for failing to comply with the Court’s June 6, 2018 order requiring the filing 14 of proof of service or a status report indicating whether Plaintiff intends to prosecute the case. 15 (Doc. 16.) Thus, Plaintiff had adequate warning that sanctions, up to and including dismissal of 16 the case, would result from his noncompliance with the OSC. 17 Despite the Court’s repeated admonitions, Plaintiff has exhibited no intent to proceed with 18 prosecuting his case – as evidenced by his repeated failure to file proof of service of the complaint 19 on the only remaining defendant in this case. Pursuant to Local Rule 110 and the Court’s inherent 20 power to sanction, the undersigned RECOMMENDS that this case be DISMISSED with prejudice. 21 22 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION Accordingly, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED that this case be DISMISSED with 23 prejudice for failing to comply with the Court’s OSC entered July 23, 2018, and failure to 24 prosecute. 25 The Court further DIRECTS the Clerk to send a copy of this order to Plaintiff at his address 26 listed on the docket for this matter. 27 These findings and recommendations are submitted to the district judge assigned to this 28 action, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(B) and this Court’s Local Rule 304. Within fourteen (14) 3 1 days of service of this recommendation, any party may file written objections to these findings and 2 recommendations with the Court and serve a copy on all parties. Such a document should be 3 captioned “Objections to Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” The district judge 4 will review the magistrate judge’s findings and recommendations pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 5 636(b)(1)(C). The parties are advised that failure to file objections within the specified time may 6 waive the right to appeal the district judge’s order. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 838-39 7 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 8 9 IT IS SO ORDERED. 10 Dated: 11 August 1, 2018 /s/ Sheila K. Oberto UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4 .