(PC) Robertson v. Garcia et al., No. 1:2017cv01022 - Document 56 (E.D. Cal. 2022)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS recommending that Defendant's partial motion for summary judgment for failure to exhaust 36 , be Granted; Defendant Jones be Dismissed from this action; Plaintiff's claims against Defendant Garcia regarding the use of excessive force, other than the use of OC spray, be Dismissed from this action ; referred to Judge Drozd, signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 05/09/2022. (Objections to F&R due within 14-Day Deadline)(Martin-Gill, S)

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 9 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 10 11 WAYNE JEROME ROBERTSON, 12 Plaintiff, 13 v. 14 GARCIA, et al., 15 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING DEFENDANTS’ MOTION FOR PARTIAL SUMMARY JUDGMENT BASED ON PLAINTIFF’S FAILURE TO EXHAUST AVAILABLE ADMINISTRATIVE REMEDIES Defendants. (ECF No. 36) 16 FOURTEEN (14) DAY DEADLINE 17 FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 18 19 Case No. 1:17-cv-01022-DAD-BAM (PC) I. Background 20 Plaintiff Wayne Jerome Robertson (“Plaintiff”) is a state prisoner proceeding pro se in this 21 civil rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. This action proceeds on Plaintiff’s first amended 22 complaint against Defendants Garcia and Jones for excessive force in violation of the Eighth 23 Amendment. 24 On January 4, 2019, Defendants filed a motion for partial summary judgment based on 25 Plaintiff’s failure to exhaust administrative remedies prior to filing this action as required by the 26 Prison Litigation Reform Act, as to Defendant Jones entirely, and as to the allegations of 27 excessive force other than the use of OC spray by Defendant Garcia. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c), 28 Albino v. Baca, 747 F.3d 1162, 1166 (9th Cir. 2014) (en banc), cert. denied, 574 U.S. 968 (2014). 1 1 (ECF No. 36.) Plaintiff filed a timely opposition on January 4, 2019. (ECF No. 37.) After 2 finding that Defendants failed to include a Rand warning with the motion, the Court issued a 3 second informational order providing Plaintiff with notice of the requirements for opposing a 4 motion for summary judgment and permitted Plaintiff an opportunity to file a supplemental 5 opposition. See Woods v. Carey, 684 F.3d 934 (9th Cir. 2012); Rand v. Rowland, 154 F.3d 952, 6 957 (9th Cir. 1988); Klingele v. Eikenberry, 849 F.2d 409, 411–12 (9th Cir. 1988). (ECF No. 41.) 7 Plaintiff filed a supplemental opposition on May 6, 2019. (ECF No. 42.) Defendants filed a reply 8 on May 13, 2019. (ECF No. 43.) 9 10 The motion for summary judgment is deemed submitted. Local Rule 230(l). II. Legal Standards 11 A. Statutory Exhaustion Requirement 12 Section 1997e(a) of the Prison Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides that “[n]o action 13 shall be brought with respect to prison conditions under [42 U.S.C. § 1983], or any other Federal 14 law, by a prisoner confined in any jail, prison, or other correctional facility until such 15 administrative remedies as are available are exhausted.” 42 U.S.C. § 1997e(a). Exhaustion is 16 required regardless of the relief sought by the prisoner and regardless of the relief offered by the 17 process, Booth v. Churner, 532 U.S. 731, 741 (2001), and the exhaustion requirement applies to 18 all prisoner suits relating to prison life, Porter v. Nussle, 534 U.S. 516, 532 (2002). 19 The failure to exhaust is an affirmative defense, and the defendants bear the burden of 20 raising and proving the absence of exhaustion. Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 216 (2007); Albino, 21 747 F.3d at 1166. “In the rare event that a failure to exhaust is clear on the face of the complaint, 22 a defendant may move for dismissal under Rule 12(b)(6).” Albino, 747 F.3d at 1166. Otherwise, 23 the defendants must produce evidence proving the failure to exhaust, and they are entitled to 24 summary judgment under Rule 56 only if the undisputed evidence, viewed in the light most 25 favorable to the plaintiff, shows he failed to exhaust. Id. 26 Defendant must first prove that there was an available administrative remedy and that 27 Plaintiff did not exhaust that available remedy. Williams v. Paramo, 775 F.3d 1182, 1191 (9th 28 Cir. 2015) (citing Albino, 747 F.3d at 1172) (quotation marks omitted). The burden then shifts to 2 1 Plaintiff to show something in his particular case made the existing and generally available 2 administrative remedies effectively unavailable to her. Williams, 775 F.3d at 1191 (citing Albino, 3 747 F.3d at 1172) (quotation marks omitted). The ultimate burden of proof on the issue of 4 exhaustion remains with Defendant. Id. (quotation marks omitted). 5 B. Summary Judgment Standard 6 Any party may move for summary judgment, and the Court shall grant summary judgment 7 if the movant shows that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is 8 entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(a) (quotation marks omitted); Albino, 9 747 F.3d at 1166; Wash. Mut. Inc. v. United States, 636 F.3d 1207, 1216 (9th Cir. 2011). Each 10 party’s position, whether it be that a fact is disputed or undisputed, must be supported by 11 (1) citing to particular parts of materials in the record, including but not limited to depositions, 12 documents, declarations, or discovery; or (2) showing that the materials cited do not establish the 13 presence or absence of a genuine dispute or that the opposing party cannot produce admissible 14 evidence to support the fact. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(1) (quotation marks omitted). The Court may 15 consider other materials in the record not cited to by the parties, although it is not required to do 16 so. Fed. R. Civ. P. 56(c)(3); Carmen v. S.F. Unified Sch. Dist., 237 F.3d 1026, 1031 (9th Cir. 17 2001); accord Simmons v. Navajo Cty., Ariz., 609 F.3d 1011, 1017 (9th Cir. 2010). 18 The defendant bears the burden of proof in moving for summary judgment for failure to 19 exhaust, Albino, 747 F.3d at 1166, and he must “prove that there was an available administrative 20 remedy, and that the prisoner did not exhaust that available remedy,” id. at 1172. If the defendant 21 carries his burden, the burden of production shifts to the plaintiff “to come forward with evidence 22 showing that there is something in his particular case that made the existing and generally 23 available administrative remedies effectively unavailable to him.” Id. “If undisputed evidence 24 viewed in the light most favorable to the prisoner shows a failure to exhaust, a defendant is 25 entitled to summary judgment under Rule 56.” Id. at 1166. However, “[i]f material facts are 26 disputed, summary judgment should be denied, and the district judge rather than a jury should 27 determine the facts.” Id. 28 /// 3 1 III. Discussion Summary of CDCR’s Administrative Review Process 2 A. 3 At the relevant time, “[t]he California prison grievance system ha[d] three levels of 4 review; an inmate exhausts administrative remedies by obtaining a decision at each level.” Reyes 5 v. Smith, 810 F.3d 654, 657 (9th Cir. 2016) (citing Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, § 3084.1(b) (repealed 6 June 1, 2020) & Harvey v. Jordan, 605 F.3d 681, 683 (9th Cir. 2010)). See also Cal. Code Regs. 7 tit. 15, § 3084.7(d)(3) (“The third level review constitutes the decision of the Secretary of the 8 California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation on an appeal, and shall be conducted by 9 a designated representative under the supervision of the third level Appeals Chief or equivalent. 10 11 The third level of review exhausts administrative remedies….”) (repealed June 1, 2020). Pursuant to this system, an inmate may appeal “any policy, decision, action, condition, or 12 omission by the department or its staff that the inmate . . . can demonstrate as having a material 13 adverse effect upon his . . . health, safety, or welfare.” Id. at § 3084.1(a). 14 The process was initiated by submitting a CDCR Form 602, Inmate/Parolee Appeal. Id. at 15 § 3084.2(a). In the appeal form, prisoners must list all staff members involved and describe their 16 involvement in the issue. Id. at § 3084.2(a)(3). If the inmate does not have the requested 17 identifying information about the staff member, he must provide any other available information 18 that would assist the appeals coordinator in making a reasonable attempt to identify the staff 19 member in question. Id. 20 B. Allegations in First Amended Complaint 21 Plaintiff is currently housed at Mule Creek State Prison in Ione, California. The events in 22 the first amended complaint are alleged to have occurred while Plaintiff was incarcerated at the 23 California Correctional Institution (“CCI”) in Tehachapi, California. Plaintiff names the 24 following defendants: Correctional Officer D. Garcia and Correctional Officer B. Jones. Plaintiff 25 alleges as follows: 26 On January 24, 2017, around 4:00 p.m. Plaintiff was inside the CCI gym taking a 27 urinalysis test when Defendants Garcia and Jones attacked and assaulted him when he asked a 28 question about viewing of the test. Defendant Garcia allegedly walked up to Plaintiff, pulled out 4 1 his MK9 OC pepper spray fogger and shot Plaintiff directly in the face without provocation, 2 emptying the spray. When Plaintiff turned away, Defendant Garcia then hit Plaintiff in the right 3 side with a baton. Plaintiff asserts that Defendant Garcia’s actions caused burning to his face, 4 shortness of breath, and pain. After Defendant Garcia used pepper spray and hit Plaintiff with a 5 baton, Defendant Jones then grabbed Plaintiff and slammed him into the ground on the left side of 6 his face, causing swelling, bruising, and discoloration. Plaintiff further alleges that Defendant 7 Garcia gave a false statement in a crime incident report to justify his actions. On January 25, 8 2017, when Plaintiff “made the second allegations of staff misconduct against D. Garcia when the 9 lieutenant J. Tingley, interviewed me and order another CDCR 7219 medical report because he 10 could clearly see bruising and discolored in may face area on my left cheek and right side of my 11 back.” (ECF No. 4, p. 5.) Plaintiff also alleges that Defendant Jones made a false statement in a 12 RVR report and gave false statements to the Lieutenant on a crime incident report in order to 13 justify his actions. 14 As relief, Plaintiff seeks damages. 15 C. 16 Undisputed Material Facts (UMF)1 1. Plaintiff is a California State Prison inmate. At all relevant times alleged in the 17 Complaint, Plaintiff was housed at the California Correctional Institute in Tehachapi, 18 California (“CCI”). At the time that Plaintiff filed the Complaint at issue in this case, 19 Plaintiff was housed at CCI. Plaintiff is currently incarcerated at Mule Creek State Prison 20 in Ione, California. (ECF No. 14, First Amended Complaint (“FAC”) at 4; ECF No. 51, 21 Notice of Change of Address.) 22 /// 23 /// 24 1 25 26 27 28 ECF No. 36-1. Plaintiff did not provide a separate statement of undisputed facts in his opposition or supplemental opposition. Local Rule 260(a). As a result, Defendants’ Statement of Undisputed Facts in Support of Defendants’ Motion for Summary Judgment Based on Plaintiff’s Failure to Exhaust Administrative Remedies is accepted except where brought into dispute by Plaintiff’s verified first amended complaint, (ECF No. 14), and verified supplemental opposition to the motion for summary judgment, (ECF No. 42). See Jones v. Blanas, 393 F.3d 918, 923 (9th Cir 2004) (verified complaint may be used as an opposing affidavit if it is based on pleader’s personal knowledge of specific facts which are admissible in evidence; Johnson v. Melzer, 134 F.3d 1393, 1399–1400 (9th Cir. 1998) (same, with respect to verified motions). Unless otherwise indicated, disputed and immaterial facts are omitted from this statement and relevant objections are overruled. 5 1 2. On August 1, 2017, Plaintiff filed a Complaint brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 alleging 2 various claims against Defendants B. Jones and D. Garcia. (ECF No. 1, Complaint.) 3 3. On February 20, 2018, the Court issued an Order dismissing Plaintiff’s Complaint with 4 leave to amend, ordering an amended complaint to be filed within 30 days. (ECF No. 13.) 5 4. On March 12, 2018, Plaintiff filed his First Amended Complaint. (ECF No. 14.) 6 5. CDCR has a comprehensive administrative appeals system for prisoners’ complaints, 7 described in the California Code of Regulations (CCR), Title 15, section 3084, et seq.2 8 CCR, Title 15, section 3084.1(a) provides that any inmate may appeal any departmental 9 decision, action, condition, or policy which they can demonstrate as having a material 10 effect upon their welfare. Declaration of M. Voong, Chief of Office of Appeals (Voong 11 Decl.) ¶ 4; Declaration of J. Wood, Appeal Coordinator at CCI (Wood Decl.) ¶ 2–3.) 12 6. Under Title 15 of the California Code of Regulations, an inmate has 30 calendar days to 13 submit an appeal from the occurrence of the event or decision being appealed, or upon 14 first knowledge of the action or decision being appealed. Cal. Code Regs., tit. 15, 15 § 3084.8 (b); (Wood Decl. ¶ 8). 16 7. To exhaust the administrative appeal process, the inmate must complete his appeal 17 through the Third Level of review. Cal. Code Regs., tit. 15, § 3084.7; (Voong Decl. ¶ 7; 18 Wood Decl. ¶¶ 4, 6.) 19 8. The grievance procedure requires the inmate to identify, by name and title or position, 20 each staff member alleged to be involved in the action or decision being appealed, along 21 with the dates each staff member was involved in the issue being appealed. If the inmate 22 does not have this information, he must provide any other available information that 23 would assist the appeals coordinator in identifying the staff member. Cal. Code Regs., tit. 24 15, § 3084.2(a)(3). 25 /// 26 2 27 28 Effective January 28, 2011, the regulations governing inmate appeals were amended by Title 15 of the CCR, Section 3084, et seq. See CCR, tit. 15, §§ 3084–3084.8 (amended 2011). Because Plaintiff’s claims relate to an incident that occurred in 2017, the amended regulations described herein apply, as they were in effect at the time the events alleged occurred. 6 9. The grievance procedure also requires the inmate to include each staff member’s 1 2 involvement in the issue under appeal. The inmate “shall” also state all facts known and 3 available to him/her regarding the issue being appealed at the time of submitting the 4 Appeal Form. Id. § 3084.2(a)(4). 5 10. If an inmate submits an appeal that is untimely, lacks critical information, or otherwise 6 does not comply with the regulations governing the appeal process, the appeal may be 7 cancelled or rejected, meaning it is not accepted for review. The cancellation or rejection 8 of an appeal at any level does not exhaust the appeal process. Id. § 3084.1(b) (2015) 9 (describing that all appeals are subject to a third level review before administrative 10 remedies are deemed exhausted, and a cancellation or rejection decision does not exhaust 11 administrative remedies); (Voong Decl. ¶¶ 5, 7, 9; Wood Decl. ¶¶ 4, 6); see also Cal. 12 Code Regs., tit. 15, § 3084.6(a)–(f) (describing rejection, cancellation, and withdrawal 13 criteria). 11. Plaintiff submitted inmate grievances through CDCR’s administrative appeals system 14 15 while incarcerated at CCI. (Voong Decl. ¶¶ 12–14, Ex. C; Wood Decl. ¶¶ 12–14, Ex. B.) 16 Appeal re: January 24, 2017 Incident – Log No. CCI-17-00502 17 12. Plaintiff submitted a grievance under Appeal Log No. CCI-17-00502, alleging that on 18 January 24, 2017 Defendant Garcia and 2 other unnamed officers3 assaulted him with OC 19 pepper spray during a urinalysis, without warning or provocation. (Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), 20 Ex. A; Wood Decl. ¶ 12(a).) 21 13. In this appeal, Plaintiff wrote: “I look down, started to pull my talle wacker out when all 22 three officer approached me with the empty bottle in my right hand about to piss when I 23 was sprayed in the face without warning. Officer D. Garcia, along with his two fellow 24 officers assaulted me with “OC” spray without warning or provocation.” (ECF No. 14, p. 25 12 (unedited text); Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. A.) 14. On November 2, 2016, Plaintiff’s 602 appeal logged under appeal number CCI-17-00502 26 27 28 was denied at the Third Level of review. (Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. A.) 3 Plaintiff only named two officers in the FAC, Defendants D. Garcia and B. Jones. 7 1 15. Plaintiff did not name Defendant B. Jones in his appeal at the first and second levels and 2 did not allege any use of force by any correctional officer other than the use of pepper 3 spray. (Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. A; Wood Decl. ¶ 11(a), Ex. A.) 16. In his response to the Second Level response, Plaintiff wrote “I requested a full 4 5 investigation into Officer D. Garcia, and Officer B. Jones, use of excessive force and 6 unnecessary force against me for asking a question.” Plaintiff still never details any use of 7 force by either of the Defendants other than the use of OC spray and B. Jones was only 8 identified and referenced when the appeal was submitted to the Third Level, bypassing the 9 first two levels of review. (Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. A.) 10 17. Defendant D. Garcia wrote an Incident Report under CCI-FAA-17-01-0027 detailing the 11 incident involving Plaintiff on January 24, 2017, which was the subject of Plaintiff’s 12 appeal under CCI-17-00502. In this Incident Report, Defendant Garcia only references 13 the use of OC spray and use of baton by Defendant Garcia. Defendant Garcia does not 14 reference any use of force by Defendant Jones. Defendant Garcia states that Defendant 15 Jones’ only involvement, other than as witness, was to handcuff Plaintiff after he was 16 compliant. (Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. A.) 17 18. Defendant B. Jones wrote an Incident Report under CCI-FAA-17-01-0027 detailing the 18 incident involving Plaintiff on January 24, 2017, which was the subject of Plaintiff’s 19 appeal under CCI-17-00502. In the Report, Defendant Jones does not indicate that he 20 used any force or OC spray or was involved in any use of force. The only involvement 21 Defendant Jones indicates he had in the incident, other than being a witness, was that he 22 handcuffed Plaintiff after he had already complied with orders. (Wood Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. 23 A.) 24 19. During the investigation into Plaintiff’s allegations, prison officials were not on notice of 25 Plaintiff’s claims against Defendant B. Jones or on notice Plaintiff was claiming that 26 excessive force was used upon him, aside from his claims that correctional officers used 27 OC spray. (Voong Decl. ¶ 13(a), Ex. A; Wood Decl. ¶¶ 12(a), 14.) 28 /// 8 1 Other Appeals 2 20. On November 8, 2017, Plaintiff’s 602 Appeal Log No. CCI-17-02654 was denied at the 3 second level of review. That appeal addressed Plaintiff’s allegations relative to CDC 4 Form 115, Rules Violation Report (RVR), Log No. 2131025 dated January 24, 2017 for 5 Assault on a Peace Officer by Means Not Likely to Cause Great Bodily Injury. In the 6 appeal, Plaintiff alleged his due process rights were violated during the RVR hearing 7 because he was not allowed to call witnesses. He requested the RVR be dismissed due to 8 due process violations. (Wood Decl. ¶ 12(b); Voong Decl. ¶ 13(b), Ex. B.) 9 21. On April 4, 2017, Plaintiff’s 602 Appeal Log No. CCI-17-00575 was rejected pursuant to 10 Cal. Code Regs. tit. 15, § 3084.6(b)(15). Plaintiff submitted the appeal directly to the 11 Third Level, without submitting it to the first two low levels of appeal, bypassing the 12 required lower levels of review. That appeal addressed Plaintiff’s allegations that Officers 13 D. Garcia and B. Jones fabricated their 115 Rules Violation Report Log No. 2131025, 14 issued to Plaintiff on January 24, 2017. Plaintiff alleges the untrue statements were of a 15 sexual nature and done in order to intimidate and sexually harass Plaintiff in order to get 16 him to withdraw his allegations of employee misconduct. (Voong Decl. ¶ 14(a).) 17 No Other Relevant Appeals Submitted 18 22. CCI has no record of receiving any other appeal that is relevant to the allegations in the 19 FAC. The Office of Appeals and Inmate Correspondence and Appeals Branch has no 20 record of receiving any other appeal from Plaintiff regarding his claims arising from the 21 January 24, 2017 incident against any prison official. (Wood Decl. ¶ 14; Voong Decl. 22 ¶ 15.) 23 D. 24 The allegations at issue in this suit occurred on January 24, 2017, and therefore all claims 25 arising from that incident were required to be exhausted prior to Plaintiff initiating this action on 26 August 1, 2017, or Plaintiff is required to come forward with evidence showing that the existing 27 and generally available administrative remedies were effectively unavailable to him. 28 /// Discussion 9 1 1. Parties’ Positions 2 Defendants argue that there is no genuine dispute of fact that Plaintiff failed to exhaust his 3 administrative remedies against Defendant Jones as to any claims, or against Defendant Garcia as 4 to any claims other than the use of excessive force by use of OC spray. (ECF No. 36.) Although 5 Plaintiff filed a grievance regarding the incident that occurred, appeal number CCI-17-00502, he 6 only alleged that he was assaulted by Defendant Garcia’s use of OC spray. Plaintiff did not 7 allege any use of excessive force by Defendant Garcia other than the use of OC spray. 8 Furthermore, Plaintiff did not name Defendant Jones specifically until he wrote a reply to the 9 Second Level Appeal Response, and he did not allege that Defendant Jones used any physical 10 force outside of the original allegations of the use of OC spray by “two officers.” Finally, 11 Plaintiff was aware of the inmate appeals process, used it to submit a grievance regarding the 12 incident at issue in this action, and the process was therefore available to him. (Id.) 13 Plaintiff argues in opposition that appeal number CCI-17-00502 was fully exhausted as 14 required, and any other appeals referenced by Defendants are irrelevant to this action. (ECF No. 15 37.) Plaintiff states that he identified Defendant Jones during the second level review of CCI-17- 16 00502 conducted by K. Armstrong, which is the appropriate time during the interview to add 17 more information to the 602. Plaintiff alleges that at that time he identified Defendant Jones “as 18 the officer whom attacked Plaintiff and slammed Plaintiff to the floor on his face in the A Facility 19 Gym on January 24, 2017 at the California Correctional Institution.” (Id. at 2.) Plaintiff goes on 20 to argue that the merits of this action are in dispute and must be decided by a jury. Plaintiff’s 21 supplemental opposition largely reiterates the same arguments set forth in the original opposition. 22 (See ECF No. 42.) 23 In reply, Defendants argue that while Plaintiff may have alleged that Defendant Jones 24 slammed him to the ground in other documents or interviews, such as his Medical Report from 25 the date of the incident or his videotaped interview taken as part of a force review, Plaintiff never 26 provided any information at any point during the appeals process that Defendant Jones grabbed 27 him and slammed him to the ground. (ECF No. 43.) Plaintiff cannot rely on these allegations 28 that were not part of the appeals process to support his allegation, and Plaintiff’s contention that 10 1 simply naming Defendant Jones during the appeals process is not sufficient to exhaust his 2 administrative remedies as to any allegation of excessive use of force by Defendant Jones or any 3 excessive use of force other than the use of OC spray by any defendant. Finally, Defendants 4 argue that Defendants’ motion should be granted based on Plaintiff’s failure to comply with Local 5 Rule 260(b) in filing his opposition and supplemental opposition to the motion for summary 6 judgment. 7 2. 8 9 Appeal Log No. CCI-17-00502 As the parties do not dispute that the grievance process was available to Plaintiff at the relevant time, Plaintiff submitted a grievance related to the incident at issue in this action, (UMF 10 12), or that Appeal Log No. CCI-17-00502 was appealed through the third and final level of 11 review, (UMF 14), the remaining issue is whether CCI-17-00502 was sufficient to exhaust 12 Plaintiff’s administrative remedies with respect to any claims against Defendant Jones or to any 13 claims regarding the use of excessive force beyond the use of OC spray.4 14 In completing CCI-17-00502, Plaintiff alleged that on January 24, 2017, he was preparing 15 to complete a urinalysis when Defendant Garcia, along with two fellow officers, sprayed him in 16 the face with OC spray without warning or provocation. (UMF 13.) Plaintiff identified 17 Defendant Jones by name during a March 2, 2017 interview conducted at the second level. (UMF 18 16.) However, Plaintiff “reiterated what was stated in the appeal” and apparently did not add any 19 new information regarding Defendant Jones’ actions during the January 24, 2017 incident. (Id.; 20 ECF No. 36-3, p. 13.) 21 Despite Plaintiff’s contention in his opposition that he identified Defendant Jones during 22 that interview as the officer who slammed Plaintiff to the floor on his face on January 24, 2017, 23 Plaintiff does not point to any evidence in the record to demonstrate that prison officials were put 24 on notice, during the appeals process itself, that Plaintiff was raising these allegations against 25 Defendant Jones. Although Plaintiff complained that Defendant Jones slammed him to the 26 4 27 28 As Plaintiff does not allege in the complaint, first amended complaint, or in his opposition or supplemental opposition to Defendants’ motion for summary judgment, that Defendant Jones used OC spray against Plaintiff, the Court does not consider any claims against Defendant Jones for the use of OC spray. Rather, the only claim considered is the use of excessive force by Defendant Jones when he allegedly grabbed Plaintiff and slammed him to the ground. (See ECF No. 15, pp. 2–3.) 11 1 ground during the use of force review of the incident and in a medical report, this was not 2 sufficient to place prison officials on notice that he wished to appeal that issue when Plaintiff 3 filed an appeal complaining only about the use of OC spray. 4 As Plaintiff states in his opposition, he was aware that the second level review interview 5 was the appropriate time to add more information to his appeal, but the only information he 6 apparently added was Defendant Jones’ name. Plaintiff’s opposition and supplemental 7 opposition, though they are both signed under penalty of perjury, are insufficient on their own to 8 raise a genuine issue of material fact regarding whether Plaintiff added information to his appeal 9 about Defendant Jones slamming him to the ground during his second level review interview. 10 F.T.C. v. Publ’g Clearing House, Inc., 104 F.3d 1168, 1171 (9th Cir. 1997), as amended (Apr. 11 11, 1997) (“A conclusory, self-serving affidavit, lacking detailed facts and any supporting 12 evidence, is insufficient to create a genuine issue of material fact.”). The Court therefore finds 13 that Plaintiff failed to exhaust his administrative remedies as to any claim that Defendant Jones 14 slammed him to the ground, or that Defendant Garcia used any force other than the use of OC 15 spray. 16 IV. 17 18 19 Recommendation Based on the foregoing, IT IS HEREBY RECOMMENDED as follows: 1. Defendant’s partial motion for summary judgment for failure to exhaust, (ECF No. 36), be GRANTED; 20 2. Defendant Jones be DISMISSED from this action; 21 3. Plaintiff’s claims against Defendant Garcia regarding the use of excessive force, other 22 than the use of OC spray, be DISMISSED from this action; and 23 4. This action proceed only on Plaintiff’s claim against Defendant Garcia for excessive force 24 in violation of the Eighth Amendment for spraying Plaintiff with OC spray on January 24, 25 2017. 26 *** 27 These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District 28 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 12 1 fourteen (14) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, the parties may 2 file written objections with the Court. The document should be captioned “Objections to 3 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendation.” The parties are advised that failure to file 4 objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of the “right to challenge the 5 magistrate’s factual findings” on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014) 6 (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 7 8 9 10 IT IS SO ORDERED. Dated: /s/ Barbara May 9, 2022 A. McAuliffe _ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 13

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