Flores v. Wespak, No. 1:2017cv00326 - Document 19 (E.D. Cal. 2018)

Court Description: FINDINGS and RECOMMENDATIONS, Regarding Dismissal of Action, with Prejudice, for Failure to State a Claim, Failure to State a Claim, Failure to Obey a Court Order, and Failure to Prosecute re 15 , signed by Magistrate Judge Barbara A. McAuliffe on 11/29/18. Referred to Judge Ishii. Objections to F&R Due Within Fourteen Days. (Gonzalez, R)
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1 2 3 4 5 UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT 6 EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA 7 8 MOSES FLORES, 9 Plaintiff, 10 11 12 v. WESPAK and J.V. FARM LABOR SERVICES, Defendants. 13 14 ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) Case No.: 1:17-cv-00326-AWI-BAM FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS REGARDING DISMISSAL OF ACTION, WITH PREJUDICE, FOR FAILURE TO STATE A CLAIM, FAILURE TO OBEY A COURT ORDER, AND FAILURE TO PROSECUTE (Doc. No. 15) FOURTEEN (14) DAY DEADLINE 15 16 I. 17 Plaintiff Moses Flores (“Plaintiff”) is proceeding pro se and in forma pauperis in this civil 18 Background rights action pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. 19 On July 26, 2018, the Court dismissed Plaintiff’s initial complaint with leave to amend 20 within thirty days after service. (Doc No. 15). Plaintiff was expressly warned that if he failed to 21 file an amended complaint in compliance with the Court’s order, this action would be dismissed 22 for failure to state a claim and failure to obey a court order. (Id. at 6.) Thereafter, Plaintiff was 23 granted a thirty-day extension of time to amend his complaint. (Doc. No. 18.) The deadline for 24 Plaintiff to file his amended complaint has passed, and he has not complied with the Court’s 25 order. 26 /// 27 /// 28 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 II. Discussion Local Rule 110 provides that “[f]ailure . . . of a party to comply with these Rules or with any order of the Court may be grounds for imposition by the Court of any and all sanctions . . . within the inherent power of the Court.” District courts have the inherent power to control their dockets and “[i]n the exercise of that power they may impose sanctions including, where appropriate, . . . dismissal.” Thompson v. Housing Auth., 782 F.2d 829, 831 (9th Cir. 1986). A court may dismiss an action, with prejudice, based on a party’s failure to prosecute an action, 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 failure to obey a court order, or failure to comply with local rules. See, e.g., Ghazali v. Moran, 46 F.3d 52, 53–54 (9th Cir. 1995) (dismissal for noncompliance with local rule); Ferdik v. Bonzelet, 963 F.2d 1258, 1260-61 (9th Cir. 1992) (dismissal for failure to comply with an order requiring amendment of complaint); Malone v. U.S. Postal Serv., 833 F.2d 128, 130–33 (9th Cir. 1987) (dismissal for failure to comply with court order). In determining whether to dismiss an action, the Court must consider several factors: (1) the public’s interest in expeditious resolution of litigation; (2) the Court’s need to manage its docket; (3) the risk of prejudice to the defendants; (4) the public policy favoring disposition of cases on their merits; and (5) the availability of less drastic sanctions. Henderson v. Duncan, 779 F.2d 1421, 1423 (9th Cir. 1986); Carey v. King, 856 F.2d 1439, 1440 (9th Cir. 1988). 19 Here, the action has been pending since March 2017, and Plaintiff’s amended complaint 20 is overdue. Plaintiff has previously been granted an extension of time to file his amended 21 complaint, but despite the Court’s leniency, he has not yet complied with the Court’s July 26, 22 2018 order. Notwithstanding the extension of time, Plaintiff’s amended complaint was due three 23 months ago. The Court cannot hold this case in abeyance awaiting such compliance by Plaintiff. 24 Thus, the Court finds that both the first and second factors weigh in favor of dismissal. 25 The third factor, risk of prejudice to defendant, also weighs in favor of dismissal, since a 26 presumption of injury arises from the occurrence of unreasonable delay in prosecuting an action. 27 Anderson v. Air West, 542 F.2d 522, 524 (9th Cir. 1976). The fourth factor usually weighs 28 against dismissal because public policy favors disposition on the merits. Pagtalunan v. Galaza, 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 291 F.3d 639, 643 (9th Cir. 2002). However, “this factor lends little support to a party whose responsibility it is to move a case toward disposition on the merits but whose conduct impedes progress in that direction,” which is the case here. In re Phenylpropanolamine (PPA) Prods. Liab. Litig., 460 F.3d 1217, 1228 (9th Cir. 2006) (citation omitted). Finally, the court’s warning to a party that failure to obey the court’s order will result in dismissal satisfies the “considerations of the alternatives” requirement. Ferdik, 963 F.2d at 1262; Malone, 833 at 132–33; Henderson, 779 F.2d at 1424. The Court’s July 26, 2018, order 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 expressly warned Plaintiff that his failure to comply with that order would result in a dismissal of this action, with prejudice, for failure to state a claim and failure to obey a court order. (Doc. No. 10, p. 11). Thus, Plaintiff had adequate warning that dismissal could result from his noncompliance. Additionally, at this stage in the proceedings there is little available to the Court which would constitute a satisfactory lesser sanction while protecting the Court from further unnecessary expenditure of its scarce resources. Plaintiff is proceeding in forma pauperis in this action, making monetary sanctions of little use, and the preclusion of evidence or witnesses is likely to have no effect given that Plaintiff has ceased litigating his case. 18 III. 19 Accordingly, it is HEREBY RECOMMENDED that: 20 1. 21 22 23 Conclusion and Recommendations This action be dismissed, with prejudice, for failure to state a claim pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2); 2. This action be dismissed for failure to obey the Court’s July 26, 2018 order (Doc. No. 15), and for Plaintiff’s failure to prosecute this action; and 24 These Findings and Recommendations will be submitted to the United States District 25 Judge assigned to the case, pursuant to the provisions of Title 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(l). Within 26 fourteen (14) days after being served with these Findings and Recommendations, Plaintiff may 27 file written objections with the Court. 28 Magistrate Judge’s Findings and Recommendations.” Plaintiff is advised that failure to file The document should be captioned “Objections to 3 1 2 3 objections within the specified time may result in the waiver of the “right to challenge the magistrate’s factual findings” on appeal. Wilkerson v. Wheeler, 772 F.3d 834, 839 (9th Cir. 2014) (citing Baxter v. Sullivan, 923 F.2d 1391, 1394 (9th Cir. 1991)). 4 5 IT IS SO ORDERED. 6 Dated: /s/ Barbara November 29, 2018 7 A. McAuliffe _ UNITED STATES MAGISTRATE JUDGE 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 4